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Full text of "History of Leavenworth County Kansas"

Gc 

978.101 

L48h 

1336476 



GENEALOG 



COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBL 



lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllfllllllllllllll 

3 1833 01103 1686 



HISTORY 



OF 



Leavenworth County 

Kansas 



By 

JESSE A. HALL and LEROY T. HAND 



' HALL 



ILLUSTRATED 



HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

TOPEKA. KANSAS 

1921 



±336476 




JESSE A. HALL 




LEROY T. HAND 



FOREWORD 



It is not an easy task to write the history of such a county as Leaven- 
worth. Of all the counties in the State of Kansas, there is none so rich 
in historical lore. Carved, as it was, out of the heart of the wild and un- 
broken frontier; organized and developed amid the hardships and vicissi- 
tudes of pioneer days, its story is one of unusual historic interest. Many 
events had an influence in shaping its destiny. Less than a century ago, 
the territory of which it is now composed was a wild, unbroken waste, 
inhabited by the untutored Indian. Where once the council fire blazed 
and the wigwam of the red man stood, we now find unsurpassed commer- 
cial, industrial and social institutions have developed. 

History is but a record of the happenings of human events, the per- 
sonal element ever being present, and the history of a community or 
county is merely a record of those who have contributed to its upbuild- 
ing and advancement. Each step in the development of the above men- 
tioned institutions; each incident connected with the passing of the 
original inhabitants of the territory of which our country is now com- 
posed as well as the coming of the pioneers — our forefathers — is history 
today. Centered about every pioneer family; about the rude log cabin, 
long since deserted and fallen to decay; about the old landmarks that 
live now only in our memory; about the farms, and about the grave 
marked by some weather worn piece, there is a story worth the telling; 
a story that would interest someone. Unfortunately the authors have 
been compelled to eliminate much that they would like to tell owing to 
want of space. 

Having finished our undertaking of writing a history of Leavenworth 
County, though not to our satisfaction, we look back upon our labor as 
one of love and pleasure. While the task has been a tedious one, yet 
we feel a bit of satisfaction in our belief that we have written a story 
of our county in "Leavenworth County" language ; that it is not so much 
written as spoken and in a way that we feel the average citizen can read 
and understand. We claim for this work no literary merit, neither do 



we claim absolute correctness. Errors have doubless occurred by rea- 
son of transcribing, typesetting and proof reading. Again much of this 
history as it is written herein has been handed down by word of mouth, 
and realizing as we do the frailty of human memory, we have attempted 
to arrive at the truth as best we could. 

Thoughout this work we have tried to tell the story of Leavenworth 
County and its people simply and plainly with the hope that we might 
be able to present a substantially authentic history of our county and its 
people to which the present and future generations may refer with con- 
fidence and satisfaction as the years come and go, that it may be a per- 
manent record for all time, and incidentally to inspire, by the sweep of the 
story, a love for our county and our cities and an intelligent solicitude for 
their destiny. 

Especial attention is directed to the biographical sketches which form 
a part of this volume. In these sketches will be found much interesting 
and valuable reading, from which the future historian may well compile 
a history of Leavenworth County. It is to be regretted that many others 
of our citizens have not availed themselves of the opportunity to perpet- 
uate the history of their families for the benefit of those who come after 
them. However, it is no fault of the editor, as the pages of this volume 
have been open to all who cared to respond to the invitation of the 
solicitors. 

JESSE A. HALL, LEROY T'. HAND. 

Leavenworth, Kansas, May 1, 1921. 



To the memory of our fathers and mothers — the hardships 
and adversity with which they have met as pioneers 
of this county — their unswerving devotion to us — 
the sacrifices that they have made for us — 
their honest toil and brave hearts, as an 
humble token of our grateful ap- 
preciation for the sacred her- 
itage they have left us in 
these, we respectfully 
dedicate this 
volume. 

— The Authors. 



INDEX 



Adams, Dr. A. R. .__ 357 

Adams, William 456 

Alford, Dan A. 608 

Anderson, James D. 568 

Anthony, D. R., Jr. 676 

Arring, Henry C. 343 

Atkinson, D. I. 423 

Baade, John 414 

Babcock, Samuel Z. 435 

Baer, Bernard E. 610 

Baker, Miss Lucy 576 

Banks, Leo 597 

Barnes, Cassius M. 344 

Barnes, John G. 350 

Barrett, Charts R. 541 

Basehor State Bank 466 

Beal, George 549 

Becker, Richard E. 543 

Becher, William 546 

Begley, Michael 503 

Biddle, W. I. 646 

Biehler, H. T. 516 

BVeistein, Pete 614 

Bodde, Lieu 660 

Boling, Dr. T. G. V 426 

Bollin, John N. 448 

Bond, Lee 547 

Boone, Dr. Thomas John 355 

Bowen, A. A. 517 

Bransfleld, W. J. 378 

Bright, Ira J. 360 

Brose, Tony 620 

Brown, Felix 406 

Brown, Gus A. 403 

Brown, Thomas J. 341 

Browning, H. B. 663 

Brune, Henry J. 441 

Brune, J. F. 436 

Brune, Louis 439 

Brune, William M. 446 

Buchanan, Benjamin B. 388 

Bueckemann, Frank 463 

Bullard, Mrs. Cora AdVelia 544 



Bullard, Henry Shelby 545 

Burns, Peter 657 

Burre, Fred 451 

Byrne, Francis A. 631 

Cahill, Thomas 618 

Campbell Bros. Tire Service Shop... 413 

Campbell, C. V. 462 

Campbell, John S. 447 

Carr, George E. 392 

Chambers, B. C. 627 

Chapman, Ira N. 352 

Choatwood, James M. 477 

Cheatwood, Joel 468 

Cherrie, Charles L. 376 

Chestnut, T. J. 395 

Clark, Leonidas C. 584 

Clark, J. L. 593 

Cleavenger, Joseph D. 494 

Cockerell, H. E. 601 

Coe, Dr. Walter B. 662 

Coflman, Allen 665 

Cogan, Richard 393 

Coldnen, Harry Isaac 367 

Collins, Samuel P. 664 

Colvin, Sidney O. 363 

Concannon, Joseph 622 

Connelly, Robert S. 628 

Corson, Clarence W. 503 

Cory, John Milton 403 

Cooper, Miss Julia 580 

Courtney, Rufus 605 

Courtney, William H. 382 

Cox, Charles T. 375 

Crites, Frank 589 

Curtin, Charles Edward 351 

Dassler, Charles F. W. 677 

Davidson Brothers 611 

Davis, Theodore C. 569 

Day, Minor H. 412 

Defrees, Sjoerd 598 

Dews, Mrs. T. C. 580 

Dick, Rev. A. G. 540 

Dickenson, A. M. 675 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



Dicks, Edward T. 373 

Dohrn, Henry E. 602 

Domann, William J. 485 

Donnelly, Felix 672 

Donovan, Benjamin J. 421 

Donovan, J. H. 420 

Doran, R. E. 426 

Douglas, Earl 380 

Douglas, Oscar Lee 476 

Drews, William F. 654 

Dunbar, C. C. 607 

Dunnuck, A. G. 337 

Easton State Bank 511 

Eberth, Ernest 666 

Edmonds, Charles 396 

Eggert, Martin J. 359 

Ehart, Adam 483 

Ehart, Martin 483 

Ehart, William F. A. 515 

Evans, John W. 555 

Evans, Lemuel F., Jr. 670 

Everhardy, Dr. J. L. 354 

Everhardy, Peter 353 

Farrell, Frank A. 641 

Faulkner, R. F. 397 

Fenning, C. M. 379 

Fishback, Gustave H. 638 

Flinner, Max 437 

Folger, Arthur 638 

Freeman, Robert W. ... 673 

Fredrick, F. E. 525 

Fuqua, J. T. 592 

G»9isen, Charles 645 

Geraughty and Tetxor 381 

Gilman, John Milton 400 

Gist, Charles 429 

Gist, Dr. William 430 

Goble, W. F. 474 

Goff, John 464 

Gray, James B. 475 

Grisham, James R. 473 

Grootaers, Rev. A. 617 

Haag, Peter W. 667 

Hall, Jesse A. 651 

Hall, T. F. 502 

Hallenbeck, Hugh A. 572 

Halpin, Mike 652 

Hand, LeRoy T. 649 

Harper, Floyd E. 591 



Harris, F. P. 387 

Harris, L. D. 387 

Hashagen Brothers 417 

Hassett, Dennis A. 452 

Hegarty, James 497 

Heim, Charles J. 619 

Heim, John G. 508 

Henderson, William 445 

Hennessy, John W. 525 

Hennessey, Thomas J. 661 

Henry, Frank W. 556 

Herries, David 534 

Hiatt, Mauriw W. 478 

Hicks, Charles H. 623 

Hiesrodt, Lewis 595 

Hill, Samuel H. 438 

Hillner, William H. 564 

Hinz Brothers & Company 630 

Hogue Catholic Church 612 

Hook, Miss Lucy V 334 

Hooper, Duke 585 

Hovey, Wallace FranWin 624 

Hughey, F. L. 665 

Hughey, John T. 496 

Hunnius, Carl 356 

Hunnius, Ernest 356 

Hunt, Floyd 590 

Jadicke, Oscar 495 

Jamieson, Charles R. 386 

Jeffries, John H. 405 

Johnson, Charles E. 574 

Johnson, Orra S. 527 

Justus, Herbert L. 348 

Keating, Charles E. 628 

Kelly, Rev. Bernard S. 550 

Kemler, J. W. 479 

Kemberling, Henry A. 565 

Kenton, J. W. 466 

Kennedy, Lawrence 498 

Kennedy, Matthew C. 659 

Kern, W. J. 418 

Kesinger, Calvin 563 

Klamm, John P. 471 

Klinkenberg, Henry 581 

Knipe, Ben H. 588 

Knipe, Henry C. 632 

Kopp, John N. 433 

Kowalewski, Joseph 436 

Krueger, Fred 507 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



Kruse, Dietrich 472 

Kuhnhoff, George H. 434 

Kuhnhoff, W. A. 631 

La Caille, William L. 432 

Laird, Jack J. 415 

Langworthy, Dr. Joseph Howard „. 369 

Langworthy, Dr. S. B 368 

Lark, A. C. 431 

Leakey, Dr. Eustace P. 561 

Leeman, Robert L. 399 

Linaweaver, W. J. 384 

Linwood Soap Powder Co. 530 

Linwood State Bank 524 

Logan, Frank W. 490 

Lohman, Fred W. 506 

Lohman, H. A. 634 

Lohman, Henry J. 389 

Loomis, Calvin Willard 512 

Lord, C. L. 594 

Lord, E. J. 592 

Lowe, David C. 601 

Lozensky, John 380 

Lozensky, Marian 380 

Lysle, E. D. 364 

Lysle Milling Company, The 366 

McAuliffe, Francis J. 363 

McClure, Ross J. 411 

McConkey, Melvin K. 644 

McCreary, Miller B. 444 

McEvoy, Patrick 501 

McEvoy, Joseph P. 500 

McFarland, John 582 

McGuire Brothers Clothing Company 548 

Mclntire, George J. 385 

McMillen, John 616 

McNamee, James 557 

McNaughton, Malcom N. 370 

McNaughton, Samuel James 554 

McNerney, E. C. - 613 

McRill, Kirby 668 

McQuillan, Ed. 642 

McQuillan, Peter 639 

Martin, T. W. 522 

Masterson, Charles H. 416 

Mayer, J. H. 460 

Mayor, Reinhart 662 

Medill, Sherman 334 

Meinke, Theo. 529 

Mensing, C. F. 586 



Meyer, Charles G. 621 

Meyer, Charles Frederick 467 

Morris, C. E. 637 

Morris, Thomas 629 

Mosse, Arthur St. Leger 487 

Mottin, J. F. 487 

Mottin, L. A. 656 

Murr, Henry 566 

New, Oliver F. 626 

Nieman, John F. 514 

Nirschl, Anton 480 

Ode, August 656 

Ode, Henry 499 

O'Dea, Dennis 504 

O'Donnell, J. J., Jr. 409 

Oplinger, Christian 636 

Oplinger, Samuel 635 

Papenhausen, Fred 558 

Payeur, Francis 499 

Peters, Jordan B. 578 

Petherbridge, R. M. 465 

Pettit, C. E. 428 

Phelps, E. Rice 457 

Poberezny, Peter 599 

Porter, George 514 

Porter, S. C. 410 

Potter, F. M. 346 

Potter, Mrs. Grace J. Fisher 342 

Potter, O. J. 339 

Powell, James W. 424 

Pulley, T. C. 626 

Rapp, George L. 536 

Robinson, I. W. 508 

Roe, George William 505 

Rozendal, Gerardus 604 

Rumford's Ford Hospital 422 

Rush, Lon 390 

Sanders, Louis P. 570 

Sass, Christian 511 

Schmekel, Otto F. 679 

Schmidt, John 442 

Schroeder, Gus 587 

Schweizer, George „ 492 

Seckler, Harry H. 648 

Sedgwick, John : 577 

Sedgwick, John C. 675 

Seeley, Dr. Timothy D. 551 

Seifert, Charles 539 

Seifert, Roy 535 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



Seifert, Wallace 596 

Seitz, John C. 378 

Seymour, Robert L. 394 

Sharpe, William F 491 

Short, H. C. 530 

Shrey, Carist 609 

Siscoe, Clyde F. 528 

Smelser, John 526 

Smith, Walter C. 461 

Snyder, Charles E. 373 

Snyder, E. W. 371 

Sparks, W. W. 643 

Spaulding, Joseph 412 

Spears, Baxter 596 

Specialty Garage and Manufacturing 

Company 419 

Stafford, R. W. 509 

Stein, Otto 658 

Stephenson, William J. 482 

Stevenson, George A. 377 

Stigleman, Martin L. 449 

St. Joseph's Church of the Valley 617 

Stoneburner, B. W. 430 

Swan, Charles Morehead 408 

Taylor, Capt. John T. 332 

Taylor, Thomas 571 

Taschetta, Peter V. 588 

Thornburgh, Giles H. 501 

Timberlake, James F. 391 



Timpe, Frank 665 

Toffler, Morris 469 

Townsend, Charles D. 349 

Townsend, Charles E. 418 

Tudhope, John 520 

Twomey, Rev. Jerome 612 

Uhlrich, Frank — _ 450 

Unmessig, A. A. 465 

Unmessig, William H. 459 

Victor Manufacturing Company 401 

Voorhees, Joseph 532 

Voorhees, Prof. Eph. 660 

Waelti, Dr. Christian 533 

Walden, William 470 

Walker, John C. 374 

Ward, Samuel H. 669 

Warring, Dr. J. W. 519 

Weingarth, Louis Smith 633 

Wellhouse, Frederick 652 

Wendel, William 518 

White, James G. 488 

Wilson, Russell 639 

Wilson, Thomas K. 537 

Wise, F. L. 423 

Wosser, Thomas 440 

Wortman, John 407 

Wright, John W. 454 

Wuerth, Franklin 361 

Yoakum, Robert B. 443 

Yoakum, Walter C. 443 



History of Leavenworth County 



CHAPTER I 



INDIAN HISTORY 



THE KANSAS— PRINCIPAL, VILLAGES— THE TRIBE REMOVAL— CHARACTERISTICS- 
NOTED CHIEFS— TREATY OP 1806— DELA WARES AND KICKAPOOS— TREATIES 
_ LEGENDS — CHIEFS— "JOURNEY CAKE" — "KETCHUM"— CUSTOMS — OTHER 
TREATIES 97-104 



CHAPTER II 



_ EARLY EXPLORATIONS 



NEW WORLD— SPANISH EARLIEST CLAIMANT— PONCE DE LEON— PAMPHILO 
DE NARAVEZ— CABEZA DE VACA— CORONADO— TREATMENT OF INDIANS- 
FRENCH EXPLORERS— MARQUETTE— LA SALLE— CROZAT GRANT— DU TISS- 
NETT EXPEDITION— FORT ERECTED— LOUISIANA PURCHASE— LEWIS AND 
CLARKE— DANIEL BOONE 106-114 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



CHAPTER III 



EARLY SETTLEMENTS 



COLONEL. LEAVENWORTH— FIRST SETTLERS— "SQUATTERS"— TOWN COMPANY- 
SALE OF LOTS — EARLY INDUSTRIES— FIRST STORES — NEWSPAPERS — HOTELS 
— EARLY FLOUR MILLS— BREWERIES— SCHOOLS— THEATERS— PUBLIC HALLS 
—BANKING— CHURCHES 115-136 



CHAPTER IV 



EARLY SETTLEMENTS CONTINUED. 



KICKAPOO— DELAWARE— EASTOX— SPRINGD ALE— TONGANOXIE— RENO 137-153 



CHAPTER V 



PIONEER LIFE AND HOMES 



TYPES OF PIONEERS— THEIR HOMES— HOW HOMINY WAS MADE— HOSPITALITY- 
IMPLEMENTS AND CLOTHING— THE TYPICAL PIONEER— THE PIONEER 
WOMEN 154-158 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

CHAPTER VI 



FIRST THINGS IN CITY AND COUNTY 



CHAPTER VII 



EARLY DAY TRANSPORTATION AND HIGHWAYS 



STBAMBOATING ON THE MISSOURI— LANDING— EARLY HIGHWAYS AND TRAILS- 
OTHER ROADS — STAGE ROUTES — SALT LAKE TRAIL— SANTA PE TRAIL— OXEN 
USED— METHOD OF TRAVEL 166-170 



CHAPTER VIII 



FORT LEAVENWORTH 



SELECTED BY COL LEAVENWORTH— BOUNDARIES— DESCRIPTION— BUILDINGS- 
WATER WORKS— SCHOOL— CHAPEL AND OTHER BUILDINGS— DURING WORLD 
WAR— A BASE OP SUPPLIES DURING WARS— COMMANDANTS— ARMY SERVICE 
SCHOOL— DISCIPLANARY BARRACKS 171-180 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

CHAPTER IX 



ORGANIZATION OF COUNTY. 



TERRITORIAL ACT OF 1855— BOUNDARIES DEFINED— TOWNSHIPS ORGANIZBD— 
COURT HOUSE— COUNTY OFFICERS 181-199 



CHAPTER X 



LEAVENWORTH CITY. 



FORM OF GOVERNMENT— OFFICERS— FIRE DEPARTMENT— POLICE DEPARTMENT 
—CEMETERIES— CUSHING- HOSPITAL— KANSAS ORPHAN ASYLUM— PUBLIC LI- 
BRARY—PUBLIC SCHOOLS— CHAMBER OF COMMERCE 200-209 



CHAPTER XI 



SLAVERY QUESTION AND THE CIVIL WAR. 



MASON AND DIXON LINE— MISSOURI COMPROMISE— PLATTE PURCHASE— WILMOT 
PROVISO— DRED SCOTT DECISION— COMPROMISE OF 1850— KANSAS-NEBRASKA 
BILL— "SQUATTERS" SALT CREEK MEETING! — PRO-SLAVERY BANDS— EAST- 
ERN IMMIGRATION— LEAVENWORTH COUNTY IN THE CIVIL WAR— MILITARY 
LEADERS 210-221 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

CHAPTER XII 



CHURCHES 



FIRST METHODIST— FIRST CHRISTIAN— EVANGELICAL, GERMAN LUTHERAN- 
EPISCOPAL— JEWISH— PRESBYTERIAN — CONGREGATIONAL — EPISCOPAL, ST. 
PAUL'S— CATHOLIC— FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST, SCIENTIST 222-24S 



CHAPTER XIII 



LODGES, CLUBS AND SOCIETIES. 



ABDALLAH TEMPLE— MASONIC LODGES— KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS— INDEPENDENT 
ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS— MODERN WOODMEN OF AMERICA— WOMAN'S AUX- 
ILIARY OF AMERICAN LEGION— KANSAS FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS— 
CHAUTAUQUA ASSOCIATION — YEOMEN— KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS 244-256 



CHAPTER XIV 



NATIONAL AND STATE INSTITUTIONS 



NATIONAL MILITARY HOME— UNITED STATES PENITENTIARY— STATE PENITEN- 
TIARY 257-261 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



CHAPTER XV 



THE PRESS 



"THE KANSAS HERALD"— "TERRITORIAL REGISTER"— "THE JOURNAL"— "YOUNG 
AMERICA" — OTHER PIONEER NEWSPAPERS — LATER PUBLICATIONS — THE 
LEAVENWORTH TIMES— THE LEAVENWORTH POST 262-266 



CHAPTER XVI 



MEDICAL PROFESSION 



FIRST PHYSICIANS CAME WITH THE ARMY— FIRST ON THE TOWNSITE-^EARLY 
PHYSICIANS— KICKAPOO— OTHER SMALL TOWNS— PROMINENT DOCTORS- 
SANITARY COMMISSION ESTABLISHED— U. S. MILITARY HOSPITAL— OTHER 
HOSPITALS — "MEDICAL HERALD"— PRESENT DAY PHYSICIANS 267-271 



CHAPTER XVII 



THE LEAVENWORTH COUNTY BAR 



TERRITORIAL CODE OF PROCEDURE— JUDGES APPOINTED— JUDICIAL DISTRICTS- 
FIRST TERRITORIAL COURT AT LEAVENWORTH— ATTORNEYS ADMIT- 
TED 272-293 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Adams, William 456 

Barnes, C, M 344 

Bollin, J. N 448 

Bright, Ira J 360 

Bullard, Mrs. Cora A 644 

Cherrie, C. L 376 

Cherrie, Mrs. C. L 376 

Court House, Leavenworth County 97 

D. A. R. Room in Leavenworth County Court House 248 

Ft. Leavenworth, Marking the Beginning of 176 

Gilman, John M. 400 

Goff, John and Family 464 

Grist Mill, The Jacob Rapp 536 

Hall, Jesse A Frontispiece 

Hand, LeRoy T Frontispiece 

High School, Leavenworth and Cadets 144 

Hughey, John T., and Family 496 

Kruse, Dietrich 472 

Langworthy, Dr. S. B 368 

Leavenworth, View of 200 

Library, Public 224 

Linaweaver, W. J 384 

Linaweaver, Mrs.-W. J 384 

Loomis, Calvin W 512 

Loomis, Mrs. Mary 512 

Motor Company, Leavenworth 416 

Nirschl, William, John and Carl H 480 

O'Dea, Residence of Dennis 504 

Powell, J. W 424 

Siscoe, Family and Residence of C. F 528 

Steamboating on the Missouri 112 

Swan, C. M 408 

Taylor, Capt. John T 332 

Transportation, Early Day 168 

Tudhope Family, Five Generations of 520 

Wellhouse, Frederick 552 

White, Mr. and Mrs. James W 488 

World War Veterans, Banquet to 296 

Wosser, Thomas and Grandsons, Owen and Francis Buchanan 440 



History of Leavenworth County 



CHAPTER I 



INDIAN HISTORY 



THE KANSAS— PRINCIPAL VILLAGES — THE TRIBE REMOVAL— CHARACTERISTICS- 
NOTED CHIEFS — TREATY OF 1806— DELAWARES AND KICKAPOOS— TREATIES 
— LEGENDS — CHIEFS— ".TOURNEY CAKE" — "KETCHUM"- CUSTOMS — OTHER 
TREATIES. 

The earliest known inhabitants of the territory which now comprises 
Leavenworth County was a tribe of Indians known as the Kansas. Early 
day historical accounts vary greatly in the spelling of the name. They 
were frequently known and referred to as the Canceas, Kansez, Canzas, 
Canzes, Okanis, Cances, Kansies, Canzon, Kanzon, Konza, Konzas and the 
Kasas. It was not until 1854, when Edward Everett Hale wrote his "Ac- 
count of Emigrant Aid Companies and Directions to Emigrants," under the 
title of "Kanzas and Nebraska," that the spelling of the word was finally 
settled upon as Kanzas, in preference to what he terms the more fashion- 
able way of spelling it, "Kansas." The name of our state as well as .the 
river, Kansas, which flows through it from west to east, draining a 
major portion of it, was derived from the name of this early Indian tribe. 

Early historical accounts of this tribe place their lands and country as 
north of the Kansas River of today and along the western banks of the 
Missouri. The tribe was known to have been divided up into two principal 
villages referred to as the upper and lower village. What was known as 

(3) 



98 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

the lower village was located about forty miles north of the junction of 
the Missouri and Kansas rivers, the present site of Kansas City, Missouri. 

In 1804 when the explorers, Lewis and Clarke, ascended the Missouri 
River they reported that they were unable to find any trace of the lower 
Kanzas village but had found at its location the ruins of an old French fort 
that had apparently been abandoned some twenty-five or thirty years pre- 
vious. It is believed that the cause of the Kanzas removing from this 
locality was due to the war-like encroachments of the Iowas and Sacs, 
tribes to the northward who had previously had extensive dealings with 
Mississippi Valley traders, had been abundantly supplied with firearms and 
were desirous of obtaining the hunting and trapping grounds of the Kanzas. 

Upon leaving their country, which extended over all of the territory 
of which Leavenworth County is now composed, the Kanzas removed to a 
point situated on the Kansas River, near the present location of Manhattan, 
Kansas. It was not until June, 1825, that the Kanzas ceded their lands, 
of which Leavenworth County is now a part, to the United States by 
treaty. The treaty by which they ceded their lands was made at St. 
Louis, June 3, 1825, with Superintendent of Indian Affairs Clarke and, 
with reference to the land ceded, reads in part as follows: 

"Beginning at the entrance of the Kansas River into the Missouri 
River; from thence North to the North West corner of the state of Mis- 
souri, from thence westerly to the Nodaway River, thirty miles from its 
entrance into the Missouri River and with that river, (the Nemaha), to 
its source; from thence to the source of the Kansas River, leaving the 
old village of the Pania (Pawnee) Republic to the West; from thence on 
the ridge dividing the waters of the Kansas River from those of the 
Arkansas, to the westerly line of the state of Missouri; and with that 
line Thirty miles to place of beginning." 

According to the terms of the treaty, the United States Government 
was to pay in consideration of the ceding of the above described lands 
the sum of $3,500.00 per year for a period of twenty years to the tribe. 
In addition thereto a reservation was made to the Indians of a tract of 
land near the present location of Manhattan, Kansas, and the govern- 
ment was to provide the Indians with stock and agricultural implements, 
and was to supply them with a blacksmith and furnish them a teacher 
of agriculture. 

The Kanzas, or "Kaws," as they were sometimes known by the 
French contraction of the word, Kanza, which signifies "Smoky," were 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 99 

said to have been more or less inclined to be a peaceful tribe. They were 
more industrious than some of the tribes west of the Mississippi, yet 
there was great room for improvement. Their requirement in their 
treaty of 1825 with the United States Government, that they be furnished 
agricultural implements, a blacksmith and teacher of agriculture, would 
indicate that they were desirous of deserting the chase and hunt as a 
means of obtaining a livelihood and resorting to the tilling of the soil. 
Their treatment of visitors has always been recorded as generous and 
considerate. In the journals of M. de Bourgmont, the French explores, 
it is said that they believed in a Great Spirit; had crude forms of re- 
ligious worship; a code of ethics existed which looked with extreme dis- 
taste upon such a crime as drunkenness. Insanity among them was 
unknown. Their language was the dialect of the Dacotahs. Among 
their most noted chiefs were "Na-he— da-ba" or Long Neck; "Ka-he-ga- 
wa-ta-ning-ga" or Little Chief, and "Shen-ga-ne-ga." To the south of 
this tribe dwelt the Osages, with which they occasionally became in- 
volved in disputes. At a grand council of these tribes held at Pawnee 
village, Republic, September 28, 1806, a treaty was entered into between 
them and the United States Government, the government being represented 
by Lieut. Zebulon Montgomery Pike and Lieut. J. B. Wilkinson, which 
reads as follows: 

"In council held by the subscribers, at the village of the Pawnee Re- 
public, appeared Wahonsongay with eight principal soldiers of the Kansas 
nation on the one part, and Shin-ga-wasa, a chief of the Osage nation, 
with four of the warriors of the Grand and Little Osage villages on the 
other part. After having smoked the pipe of peace, and buried past ani- 
mosities, they individually and jointly bound themselves in behalf of and 
for their respective nations to observe a friendly intercourse and keep a 
permanent peace, and mutually pledge themselves to use every influence to 
further the commands and wishes of their great father. 

"We, therefore, American Chiefs, do require of each nation, a strict 
observance of the above treaty, as they value the good will of their great 
father, the President of the United States. 

"Done at our council fire, at the Pawnee Republic village, the 28th 
day of September, 1806, and the Thirty-first year of American 
Independence. 

"(Signed) "Z. M. Pike, 

"J. B. Wilkinson." 



100 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The above treaty as entered into by the chiefs of the Kanzas and 
Osage tribes was never broken. 

With the removal of the Kanzas from the territory of which Leaven- 
worth County is now a part, came the entrance of two other tribes, the 
Delawares and Kickapoos, of which more is known. In the year 1818 at 
St. Mary's, Ohio, the Delaware or Lenni Lenapes ceded all lands held by 
them in the State of Indiana. Part of the consideration being that the 
government was to furnish them with a country west of the Mississippi 
in which to reside. Subsequent to this they were assigned certain tracts 
of land in the State of Missouri to which they removed. On September 
24, 1829, the Delawares again ceded their lands by treaty to the govern- 
ment and were granted lands further west and in what was later to be 
organized into Kansas Territory and of which Leavenworth County was 
to become a part. In the treaty granting the lands last mentioned to the 
Delawares, the tract granted them is described as follows: "The country 
in the fork of the Kanzas and Missouri rivers extending up the Kanzas 
river to where the Kanzas (Indians) live and up the Missouri River to 
Camp Leavenworth and thence West by a line drawn westerly leaving a 
space ten miles wde North of Kanzas boundary as an outlet." 

This ti-act of land as ceded to the Delawares comprised the greater 
portion of what is now Leavenworth County. Of this tract of land 
granted them, the Delawares on December 14, 1843, sold to the Wyan- 
dottes triangular tract at the junction of the Kansas and Missouri rivers 
which comprised the greater portion of what is now Wyandotte County. 
Later, and on May 6, 1854, the Delawares ceded to the United States Gov- 
ernment by treaty practically all of their lands excepting a strip ten miles 
wide on the north bank of the Kansas River beginning at the western 
boundary of the Wyandotte lands and extending forty miles westward. 
This strip, commonly known and referred to as the "Delaware Strip," 
"Delaware Reserve," and "Delaware Trust Lands," remained in possession 
of the tribe until May 30, 1860, when it was ceded by the Delawares to 
the United States Government by treaty. 

The Delawares or Lenni Lenapes as a tribe were rich in legendary 
and^ historical lore. They were descendants of the famous Algonquin 
tribB^ Their oldest known home was in Pennsylvania, where they resided 
along the banks of the Delaware River, the river getting its name from 
that of the tribe. The name, Lenni Lenape, by which they were some- 
times known, means in Indian parlance "Original Man." The tribe 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 101 

claimed to have been the original parents of the Algonquins. Among 
other things this tribe had the distinction of being the first Indian tribe 
upon the American continent to negotiate a treaty with the United States. 
This treaty was made at Fort Pitt, September 17, 1778. 

Among the names of the chiefs of the Delawares we find those of 
"Four Miles," "Fall Leaf," "Ketchum," and "Journey-Cake." In his val- 
uable work, "Beyond the Mississippi," which dealt exclusively with the 
New West of the early fifties, Albert D. Richardson tells of a night spent 
by himself at the cabin of Chief "Four Miles." He describes the location 
of the cabin as being about fifteen miles east of Lawrence, where it is 
believed to have been located in what is now Sherman Township, Leaven- 
worth County, Kansas. It was during this stay that he met the chief 
"Fall Leaf," after which the station, Fall Leaf, on the main line of the 
Union Pacific Railway between Linwood and Lawrence, is named. A 
legend connected with the name of the chief, "Four Miles," is to the effect 
that he once ran a distance of four miles and back without stopping. 

The city of Linwood, Leavenworth County, Kansas, which is situ- 
ated at the junction of Big Stranger Creek and the Kansas River, was 
originally called Journey-Cake. It was named after a chief of the Dela- 
ware tribe around which the following legend was interwoven: At one 
time a young brave of the Delaware tribe was captured by white traders 
and carried to a far distance from his tribe. He eventually managed to 
escape and upon his long journey home, which was fraught with many 
dangers and hardships, he was forced to rely for subsistence upon a 
small cake of corn bread which he had concealed upon his person. Having 
arrived safely with his tribe and after telling them the story of his es- 
cape he was immediately rechristened "Journey-Cake." This name was 
originally given to the city of Linwood, Kansas, owing to the close prox- 
imity within which Journey-Cake lived to the city at the time of its 
establishment. The name, which is of purely Indian origin, has been 
corrupted by the whites to that of "Johnny-Cake." Another legend of 
the Delawares in connection with their chief, "Ketchum," was to the 
effect that while he was quite young, he was captured by white soldiers 
while in battle and carried away captive. Long afterward he escaped by 
tearing away a board from the floor of the guardhouse in which he was 
held prisoner. After he had gained the open he was discovered by one 
of the guards who immediately fired upon him several times and then 
cried loudly to his associate guards: "Catch him!" 



102 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Upon his return to his tribe and after telling the story of his escape 
he was rechristened "Ketchum." Later he became chief of the Delawares 
and died as chief of the tribe in 1857. 

The Delawares as an Indian tribe were unusually industrious. Many 
of them were quite intelligent and quite readily forsook the chase and 
hunt as a means of livelihood and resorted to agriculture. The govern- 
ment gave them considerable assistance in their agricultural work. They 
built numerous cabins which were found mostly upon the hills and bluffs 
and along the well established trails through their lands. It is recorded 
that they were not as a rule very strict abont the marriage relation. 
Whenever a brave took a liking to one of the female members of the 
tribe he usually gave her father some sort of a present, a pony, hunting 
knife, or some other article valuable to the Indian way of thinking, and 
took the girl. They lived together as long as he liked and then he either 
traded her off or they separated. The offspring, as a rule, went with 
the mother. 

On May 30, 1860, the Delawares entered into a treaty at Sarcoxie- 
ville, a settlement on their reservation named after a chief of their tribe, 
"Sarcoxie," the terms of which assigned to each member of the tribe 
eighty acres of land in one compact body. A privilege was extended the 
Leavenworth, Pawnee & Western Railroad Company, now the Union Pa- 
cific Railway Company to purchase the balance of the land at not less 
than $1.25 per acre. 

On July 4, 1866, what was left of the Delaware lands, then referred 
to as the Delaware Diminished Reserve, was offered for sale by the Sec- 
retary of the Interior of the United States at not less than $2.50 per acre. 
All of the remaining land was subsequently bought by the Leavenworth, 
Pawnee & Western Railroad Company, the date of transfer being Janu- 
ary 7, 1868. 

The greater portion of the tribe removed to the Indian Territory in 
1867, leaving only about two hundred members who in 1868 removed to 
the Wichita Agency. 

The Kickapoos, who followed the Delawares in the occupation of the 
territory of which Leavenworth County is now composed in part, ceded 
their lands and country on the Osage River in Missouri, October 24, 1832, 
by treaty to the United States Government. Subsequent to this and on 
November 26, 1832, they were granted a tract of land in the territory of 
which Kansas was later to be formed and of which Leavenworth County 
was to become a part, which was described as follows, to-wit: 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 103 

"Beginning en Delaware line where said line crosses the left branch 
of Salt Creek; thence down said creek to Missouri River; thence up the 
Missouri River to a point thirty miles when measured on a straight 
line; thence westerly to a point twenty miles from Delaware line so as 
to include in the lands assigned to the Kickapoos at least 1,200 square 
miles." 

The first settlement of the Kickapoo tribe on their arrival upon their 
new lands to take possession was at the southeastern corner of their 
grant or reservation, a short distance northwest of where Fort Leaven- 
worth now stands and near the present site of Kickapoo. As a tribe they 
were industrious and of extremely good habits. Like a great many Indian 
tribes they were prone to build their villages upon high places such as 
hills and bluffs. Their cone shaped lodges v/ere closely grouped. About 
the individual lodges were grouped such ornaments as buffalo skulls, 
various hides, and bits of pottery. Occasional sacrifices might be seen 
in the way of some gayly colored cloth or costly stuff hung over the door 
of the lodge of the chief, offered by him for the good fortune that the 
Great Spirit saw fit to allow him to enjoy. The Kickapoos were more or 
less religious in a sense. They believed strongly in a Great Spirit. 
"Kennekuk," their prophet, resented in a way the teaching of the white 
missionaries, holding that they, not teaching the way of the Indian 
prophets, were wrong. He taught long among his tribe and the major 
portion of the tribe were ardent followers of his doctrine. Among other 
things embodied in his teachings was the total abstenence from the use 
of liquor. He also taught that he would arise upon the third day after 
his death. So strong was the belief of his followers in his teachings that 
upon his death in 1857 from smallpox, a large number of his adherents 
stayed with his body until after the third day, expecting to see him arise 
from the dead. Almost all of those who so attended his dead body in 
turn contracted the disease of which he died, and in many instances it 
proved fatal. 

By the treaty of May 18, 1854, the Kickapoos ceded the major por- 
tion of their lands to the United States Government for the sum of $20,- 
000. They reserved in this treaty, however, a tract on the western por- 
tion of their land containing 150,000 acres, to which they moved. 

Two early missions were founded upon the Kickapoo land. In May, 
1836, a Catholic mission was located near the junction of Salt Creek and 
the Missouri River. It was established by Fathers Van Quickenborn and 



104 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Hoeken, assisted by two lay brothers. It was established for the benefit 
of the numerous Pottawatomies who were at that time located on the 
Kickapoo lands. A Methodist mission was established for the Kickapoos 
in 1833, which was under the supervision of Rev. J. C. Berryman, of 
Weston, Missouri. 



CHAPTER II 



EARLY EXPLORATIONS 



THE NEW WORLD— SPANISH EARLIEST CLAIMANT— PONCE DE LEON— PAMPHILO 
DE NARAVEZ— CAEEZA DE VACA— CORONADO— TREATMENT OF INDIANS- 
FRENCH EXPLORERS— MARQUETTE— LA SALLE— CROZAT GRANT— DU TISS- 
NETT EXPEDITION — FORT ERECTED— LOUISIANA PURCHASE — LEWIS AND 
CLARKE — DANIEL BOONE. 

History has been held to be speculative, inferential, and actual ; spec- 
ulative when it records conclusions based on hypothesis founded on facts, 
far removed; inferential when conclusions are reasonably based on facts; 
and actual when facts alone are recorded. The historian in his writing 
deals with all three more or less in combination one with the other. This 
chapter is more or less inferential and speculative insofar as it deals 
with the visits and explorations of the earliest explorers. 

When the new world was discovered and had wonderfully revealed 
itself to the adventurous and daring men of the Old World, the enterprise 
of Europe was. startled into action. Those valiant men who had won 
laurels among the mountains of Andalusia, on the fields of Flanders, and 
on the battlefields of Albion, sought a more remote field for adventure. 
The revelation of a New World and a new race, and communication be- 
tween the old and the new, provided a field of fertile imagination. The 
fact was more astounding to the people then than it would be to us today 
were we to awake some morning and find communication had been estab- 
lished with one or more of our nearest planets. 

The heroes of the ocean despised the range of Europe as too narrow, 
offering to their extravagant ambition nothing but mediocrity. Ambi- 
tion, avarice, and religious zeal were strangely blended, and the heroes of 
the main sailed to the west, as if bound on a new crusade, for infinite 



106 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

wealth and renown were to reward their piety, satisfy their greed, and 
satiate their ambition. 

America was the region of romance where their heated imaginations 
could indulge in the boldest of delusions, where the simple ignorant native 
wore the most precious ornaments, the sands by the side of the clear 
runs of water, sparkled with shining gold. Says the historian of the 
ocean, these adventurous heroes speedily prepared to fly by a beckoning 
or a whispering wheresoever they were called. They forsook the cer- 
tainties of life for the lure and hope of more brilliant success. 

To win provinces with the sword, divide the wealth of empires, to 
plunder the accumulated treasures of some ancient Indian dynasty, to 
return from a roving expedition with a crowd of enslaved captives, and 
a profusion of spoils, soon became ordinary dreams. Fame, fortune, 
life and all were squandered in these visions of wealth and renown. 
Even if the issue was uncertain, success, greater than the boldest imagin- 
ation had dared, was sometimes attained. 

It would be an interesting story to trace each hero across the ocean 
to the American continent, and through the three great gateways thereof, 
through which he entered the wilds of the great West. The accounts of 
the explorations and exploitations into the great West reads like a 
romance. The trials through which these early explorers passed were 
enough to make the stoutest heart quail and to task the endurance of 
men of steel. 

The earliest known claimants of the vast stretch of land and country 
west of the Mississippi River were the Spanish. Among the members 
of the crew that crossed the Atlantic with Columbus on his second voyage 
was a certain Juan Ponce de Leon, who had spent the greater part of 
his life in the military service of Spain. In the year 1513, with a squad- 
ron of three ships which he had fitted up at his own expense he set sail 
upon an expedition which resulted in the discovery of Florida a few miles 
north of the present location of the oldest city in the United States, St. 
Augustine. Here, Ponce de Leon and a greater portion of his crew re- 
mained for some time patiently and persistently exploring and penetrat- 
ing the regions to the westward. Wild and fanciful tales were constantly 
poured into his ears by the various Indian tribes concerning the country 
further to the westward. They told him of great life-giving springs and 
streams of water found in the interior, a veritable paradise where the. 
youth of those who had grown old was restored to them by bathing in 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 107 

the fabled waters. Ponce de Leon was old. His cheeks were deeply 
etched by the fingers of time. The spell of the strange wild country 
added new fire to his adventurous spirit. His fortune had been squand- 
ered, the lure of the fabled "Fountain of Perpetual Youth" of which the 
Indians told; the dream of replenishing his dwindled fortunes by con- 
quests of new kingdoms, led him on and on. It was on his second voyage 
to this territory in 1521 that he was killed in a battle with Indians who 
resented his intrusion. His body was buried on the island of Cuba. 

It was thus that the Spanish laid claim to the vest stretch of territory 
of which the territory of Kansas, later the State of Kansas and our own 
county was to be organized as part thereof. 

In the year 1528, Pamphilo de Naravez, who had been appointed 
governor of Florida by the King of Spain, organized an expedition for 
the purpose of exploring the lands of which he had been made governor. 
With a fleet of four ships and a company of nearly 400 men under his 
command he set sail from Havana, Cuba. Upon his arrival in Florida 
he took possession of all the territory in the name of Spain and proceeded 
at once to diligently explore the regions to the westward. Upon his 
return to the sea after one of his exploring expeditions he found that the 
ships of the company had been spirited away or destroyed. The stranded 
explorers were forced to construct several rude boats and with these they 
started out to find the nearest Mexican post, following the gulf coast. 
During their voyage along the gulf coast several of their boats were 
wrecked and a number of the crew were drowned. Those who were not 
drowned were taken captive by the Indians. The cruel treatment accorded 
them by the savages soon led to the death of the major portion of the 
captives. Cabeza de Vaca, who had occupied the position of treasurer of 
the expedition, learned the language of the tribe as well as their customs 
and gained their confidence. After remaining captive six years he es- 
caped and made his way to San Miguel, in Sonora, Mexico. 

Cabeza de Vaca, who had been a member of the ill-fated Naravez ex- 
pedition, had as before mentioned set out with that expedition fronj 
Havana, Cuba, in the year 1528. He had remained with Naravez and his 
expedition as treasurer and had been one of the members of the expedi- 
tion that had been left stranded when the ships of the party disappeared. 
He was one of the party that had escaped drowning when the illy-con- 
structed boats of the party were destroyed and wrecked in an attempt to 
reach a Mexican port and had fallen into the hands of Indian tribes as 



108 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

prisoner. Six years after his capture, during which he had studied the 
ways of the tribe, their language, and had gained their confidence, he 
effected his escape with a small party and started out to reach the Spanish 
settlements in Mexico. Upon leaving his captors on the gulf, his party 
proceeded north toward what they termed a great range of mountains 
which are believed now to have been those in northern Alabama. From 
thence they proceeded in a westerly direction crossing what they referred 
to in their story as "the large river that comes from the north" (the 
Mississippi). It is believed by many historians that in the course of 
their wanderings and explorations to the westward that they traversed 
the territory of which Kansas and the State of Colorado are now com- 
prised. Whether or not this Spanish crusader and his party touched 
upon any of the territory of which Leavenworth County is now a part 
is highly conjectural. It is known that it was the custom of exploring 
parties in those days to follow closely main river courses. In view of 
the fact that Leavenworth County as originally laid out occupied all that 
territory of which Wyandotte County is now composed and the confluence 
of two great river systems center there, it is highly probable that did, 
Cabeza de Vaca at any time follow the course of the Missouri which led 
westward from the Mississippi, that he traversed territory of which either 
Wyandotte or Leavenworth County is now composed. 

In all probability the most famous of all exploring expeditions sent, 
out under the Spanish Government for the purpose of exploring its hold- 
ings west of the Mississippi River was that of Coronado. The expedition 
of which he was at the head set out from Mexico on the morning following 
Easter, 1540. The party consisted of some eleven hundred members. 
They were well equipped and supplied for a long journey. The object 
for which the expedition went forth was to find and take possession of 
the cities of Cibola, Indian cities which were said to be enormously 
wealthy in gold and other valuable articles. After a long and tedious 
journey fraught with much hardship the party reached the object for 
which they sought to find that they had been deceived. The cities of 
Cibola had nothing in the way of riches to offer them, yet they did find 
thereabouts provisions with which they replenished their diminished 
supply. After remaining for some time with the tribes of Indians there- 
abouts, there was brought to the ears of Coronado by one of the leaders 
of the numerous scouting and exploring parties he sent out, a wild fanciful 
tale concerning the wealth found in the kingdom of the Quivera, far to 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 109 

1336176 

the eastward. In due time the party, again thoroughly organized and 
equipped, set out in search of the kingdom of Quivera. When the party 
reached the Arkansas River they again found their provisions low and 
it was decided to split the party up, allowing some to go on forward while 
the others proceeded upon their return trip to their base on the Rio 
Grande. Coronado took with him from this point on the Arkansas thirty 
of his best mounted troops and six foot soldiers and proceeded on in 
search of the kingdom which he believed the streets whereof to be paved 
with gold. Jfiter marching on for a period of some forty days the party 
halted in the fabled kingdom, only to find that they had been deceived. 
The wealth of which they had dreamed was nowhere to be found. The 
Indian guides who had attended the party finally confessed that the stories 
they had told the Spaniards had been told for the purpose of luring them 
away from the native tribes of the guides that they might not be further 
imposed on by the Spaniards and with the hope that after leading the 
party far into the desert like interior, their supplies would fail and they 
would eventually perish. 

The exact line of march of Coronado and his party through the State 
of Kansas is and always will remain a matter of pure conjecture. Major 
Henry Inman, best known as the author of "The Santa Fe Trail," and 
who spent a great many years on the western frontier, believes that the 
expedition crossed the Kansas River near Abilene and then proceeded to 
the northward, striking the Missouri River in the vicinity of Atchison. 
He further contends that the expedition returned by following the Mis- 
souri to its junction with the Kansas River, where the party turned to 
the westward along the north bank of the Kansas River, proceeding as 
far westward as the Smoky Hill River, where they crossed the Kansas 
and again proceeded on to Big Creek, where they turned to the south 
toward the Arkansas. 

Coronado in his report of the voyage to the Viceroy of Mexico stated 
that he had reached the fortieth degree of north latitude, and described 
the country thereabout as being very fertile and productive. Jaramillo, 
a member of the party who chronicled the expedition's progress, mentions 
the name of a large river, the "Saint Peter and Saint Paul," which is be- 
lieved by historians to be none other than the Arkansas. After reaching 
the province of Quivera, he tells of the party's learning of another large 
river to the northward which was named by them the "Teucarea." Gen. 
J. H. Simpson in his "Annals of Kansas" expresses the belief that this 
latter river was the Missouri of today. 



110 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The expedition of Coronado it is estimated cost the Spanish approxi- 
mately one-half million dollars and netted them practically nothing. It 
is recorded that more than a hundred years elapsed before the country 
over which Coronado traveled was again visited by any member of the 
white race. 

As a rule the Spanish explorers treated the Indians with barbarous 
cruelty. Their great hopes of limitless riches and conquered provinces 
became as ashes in their hands. Their men, after long marches for 
months through the wilderness, became tattered, disgruntled and surly. 
They were burdens upon the red men whom they visited in their different 
villages, and consumed their maize and provisions. The Indians were 
distrustful and suspicious, and an inborn hatred for the white man in- 
stantly grew in their breasts, that was handed down by tradition with 
growing rancor, to future generations. The fabled cities of Cibola were 
found to be miserable mud huts. Indian guides lured them from place 
to place with wonderful stories in order that the white men might be 
kept away from their own country. 

The earliest known explorations upon which the French based any 
claim to the territory of which Leavenworth County is now a part were 
those of Jacques Marquette and Louis Joliet. In May, 1673, Marquette, 
who was a French missionary at the time with station on Lake Superior, 
set out with five companions and three canoes to the southwestward in 
search of rich Indian tribes and valuable mines, the stories of which had 
been borne to his ears by various Indians. Probably this was merely a 
secondary object of the expedition, as it is known that one of the purposes 
was to establish a mission among the Illinois Indians, and another to 
carry the gospel to the tribes west of the Mississippi. 

The party set out from the Straits of Michilimackinac and went by 
way of Green Bay, the Fox River, the Wisconsin River and then into 
the Mississippi, which they followed to the southward to near the mouth 
of the Arkansas. It is known that they explored the Missouri River for 
some distance up its course from the Mississippi and in their various 
reports of their travels they refer to the Missouri as the "Pekitanc 

Having heard the story of the great river whose course Mai' 
and Joliet had followed on their trip to the southward, Robert Cavaner 
de la Salle conceived the idea that it was none other than the great river 
that had been discovered by De Soto in 1541. With a view of opening 
it for navigation La Salle led an expedition that set out from the Illinois 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 111 

River, February 6, 1682, with three barges. Upon entering the Missis- 
sippi, La Salle gave to it the name, "Colbert." At various points along 
the river on their journey to the south they erected crosses and took 
possession of the vast tracts to the westward in the name of France. 
On April 9, 1682, the party entered the Gulf of Mexico. By right of 
discovery they claimed all of the lands and country west of the Mississippi 
for the French Government. 

Being desirous of getting into actual possession of the vast area of 
territory which they had come into ownership of through the right of 
discovery, the French Government on September 14, 1712, granted the 
Louisiana Territory, which this country had come to be known as, to 
one Anthony Crozat, a merchant, for a period of ten years, the said 
Crozat to have perpetual propriety of all mines and minerals he should 
discover subject to certain conditions, and other stipulations. Later, 
Crozat retroceded this vast tract to the French Government and they 
immediately and under similar conditions ceded these tracts to a company 
which offered many inducements in the way of land, etc., to emigrants. 

In the year 1719, M. Du Tissnett, who had previously been in the 
service of M. Crozat when the French Government had ceded him the 
Louisiana Territory, was ordered to make an expedition to west of the 
Mississippi. It was during his travels that he crossed and explored a 
great deal in territory of which the State of Kansas is now a part. He 
visited many of the native tribes and erected many crosses, taking posses- 
sion of all the territory explored and discovered by him in the name of 
France. The principal object of this expedition was to locate valuable 
mines the story of which had been poured into the ears of the French 
as well as those of the Spanish explorers. Du Tissnett is commonly re- 
ferred to by various historians as Du Tisne. He was the first French 
explorer to give definite information concerning the native tribes of 
Kansas. 

In order to protect their great interests west of the Mississippi, the 
French, as early as 1722, commenced the construction of a fort on the 

■ouri River near where the Osage River empties into it, which they 
d Fort Orleans. It was completed in the year 1723 and was placed 
in' command of M. De Bourgmont. De Bourgmont in the year 1724 made 
an extensive trip of exploration to the westward about and through the 
territory of which the State of Kansas is now composed. He entered 
what is now the bounds of Kansas near the present site of Atchison, 



112 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Kansas. One of the objects of the expedition was to try and effect a 
reconciliation among numerous native trbes who were at war among 
each other. After visiting among the tribes for a considerable length 
of time, during which he succeeded in bringing about an amicable adjust- 
ment of the variQiis difficulties among a large number of the tribes, he 
returned to Fort Orleans November 5, 1724. It is almost a certainty that 
De Bourgmont during his travels touched, either himself or some of his 
party, on territory which now goes to make up Leavenworth County. 

After Jefferson had negotiated the purchase of the great Louisiana 
tracts of land from the French in 1803 there arose a desire on his part 
to have the territory acquired thoroughly explored, and investigated with 
a view of learning what uses it might be best adapted to. Accordingly 
in the year 1804 the first American exploring expedition that had ever 
set foot on the vast expanse west of the Mississippi set out from St. Louis 
under the supervision of Capts. William Clarke and Merriwether Lewis. 
The party in full consisted of from thirty-five to forty-two men, accounts 
differing; the date of the expedition's starting was May 10, 1804; they 
traveled in three boats and made their way very slowly up stream. As 
a rule hunting parties proceeded along the banks with the boats as they 
wended their way against the muddy current and it was through the 
agency of these parties that the party was supplied with much of its 
provisions. On June 27, 1804, the party reached the present site of Kan- 
sas City, Kansas, where they encamped. On July 2, 1804, they encamped 
near the present site of Leavenworth, in all probability a little to the 
north and nearer the fort. The journals kept by the party refer to an 
island in the river to the north several miles under date of this encamp- 
ment, which was in all probability the island known as Kickapoo Island 
these days. There is no question but the members of this party and it 
wouldn't be unreasonable to say the leaders of the expedition had tramped 
over considerable of the territory comprised in the eastern part of Leaven- 
worth County. The expedition as a whole was most successful in every 
way. The trip consumed about two years of time and much of the terri- 
tory embodied in the Louisiana Purchase was traversed, mapped and 
thoroughly explored. 

For twelve years after the Lewis and Clarke expedition into the 
Northwest nothing was done further in the way of exploring the regions 
traversed by the first mentioned parties. In the year 1819 an expedition 
was sent out by the United States Government for the purpose of arriv- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 113 

ing at and collecting all scientific knowledge possible pertaining to the 
newly acquired territory. The expeditfon was in charge of Major J. C. 
Long and set out from Fort Osage on the Osage River in Missouri in 
1819, and proceeded up the Missouri River by steamboat to Council Bluffs, 
where winter quarters were established for the winter of 1819-1820. The 
expedition required two years and while much scientific data was 
gathered, the practical value derived therefrom was insignificant. One 
of the chief features of the expedition was in the fact that it was the 
first expedition as well as the first men of any kind or race to proceed up 
the Missouri River in a steamboat. 

A bit of exploring of a very different nature than that hitherto set 
out was done between the years 1805 and 1815 in the valley of the Kansas 
River by Daniel Boone. Boone, the most famous of American hunters 
and trappers, Indian fighters and pioneers, was one of the first white men 
of American birth to visit the Kansas Valley.. His grandfather, George 
Boone, was born in Devonshire, England, 1668, and came to America in 
1717, locating in Berks County, Pennsylvania. Daniel, the grandchild, 
was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, February 11, 1735. In the year 
1796 he lost much of his land holdings in Kentucky through defective 
titles, which led him to renounce all allegiance to the government and 
resort to the wild frontier. Later he declared his intention while residing 
in the territory west of the Missouri of becoming a citizen of Spain, and 
was through this given a position of overseeing certain Indian districts. 
It was his wont and habit to take long hunts and to go on trapping tours 
that kept him much away from his home country. In that interval of 
time elapsing between 1805 and 1815 he is known to have hunted and 
trapped up and down the Kansas River Valley for a distance of 100 miles 
or more from its mouth. The Kansas River, as it does, touching upon 
the southern end of Leavenworth County and the southern extremity of 
the county being rough and consisting in places of rugged bluffs, it is not 
unreasonable to believe that Boone in the ten years which he spent in 
this river valley, touched many times upon Leavenworth County territory 
and hunted and trapped thereon. This great son of the wild and untamed 
frontier died September 26, 1820, in his ninety-second year. 

John Peck, the noted Baptist preacher, in his memoirs of the Louisi- 
ana Territory, described Boone thus : . 

"His high, bold forehead was slightly bald, and his silvered locks 
were combed smooth, his countenance was ruddy and fair and exhibited 

(4) 



114 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

the simplicity of a child, a smile frequently played over his countenance; 
in conversation his voice was soft and melodious; at repeated interviews 
an irritable expression was never heard ; his clothing was the coarse, plain 
manufacture of the family; but everything denoted that kind of comfort 
that was congenial to his habits and feelings and evinced a busy, happy, 
old age. His room was a part of a range of log cabins kept in order by 
his affectionate daughters and granddaughters. Every member of the 
household appeared to take delight in administering to his comforts; he 
was sociable and communicative in replying to questions, but did not in- 
troduce incidents of his own history. He was intelligent, for he had 
treasured up the experience afid observation of more than fourscore years. 
'Not moody and unsociable as if desirous of shunning society and 
civilization'." 

Among other explorers whose deeds and names are not recorded, yet 
who played an important part in the early settlement of Leavenworth 
County, were those children of the river, the woods and frontier, who 
intermingled with the various tribes, frequently marrying into the tribe; 
who knew the habits of wild game with the same degree of adeptness as 
did the savage; who was as skillful at the hunt, in the chase or with the 
traps; who were generally referred to as Coureur-de-bois. 

These men were as a rule of French descent. They were always 
found domiciled along the various rivers, where they depended upon their 
traps and hunting prowess to provide them a means of livelihood. They 
were free and easy of manner, peaceful of disposition and quickly adapted 
themselves to the customs of the various tribes. They traveled by boat 
exclusively and as the trading posts moved westward they preceded them, 
usually at long distances. 



CHAPTER III 



EARLY SETTLEMENTS 



COLONEL LEA\'ENWORTH-FIRST SETTLERS— "SQUATTERS'— TOWN COMPANY- 
SALE OF LOTS— EARLY INDUSTRIES — FIRST STORES— NEWSPAPERS — HOTELS 
—EARLY FLOUR MILLS— BREWERIES— SCHOOLS— THEATERS— PUBLIC HALLS 
—BANKING— CHURCHES: 

Leavenworth. — While the preceding chapters deal with history, 
largely speculative and inferential, leading up to the year 1804, when the 
United States took possession of Upper Louisiana, the present chapter is 
based on actual facts from the year 1827 on and deals most pertinently 
with that section of Leavenworth County comprising its northeastern 
part. 

^The history of Leavenworth County from the time of the red men 
and the first hardy adventurers and pioneers involves indeed a wondrous 
story which is well worth preserving. States and nations preserve their 
history, but the story of a county, its creation and development touches 
a chord of home life and home making which is nearer and dearer than 
that which is purely informational. 

The beginning of settlement of the territory of which Leavenworth 
County is now composed came when Col. Henry Leavenworth, Third 
United States Infantry, was directed in March, 1827, to proceed up the 
Missouri River with four companies of his regiment and to select a site 
within twenty miles of the mouth of the Little Platte River to be used 
as a location for a permanent cantonment. The story of how Col. Leaven- 
worth, not being able to decide upon a suitable location on the Missouri 
side which he was instructed to do, and of his fixing upon the present site 
of Fort Leavenworth has been told in detail in other parts of this volume 



116 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

as well as the approval of the selected site which became official Septem- 
ber 19, 1827. With the establishment of this military post, which was 
known as Cantonment Leavenworth, there was opened up the first post- 
office in the territory which was known as Cantonment Leavenworth or 
"La Platte," Clay County, Missouri, Clay County being the Missouri 
county that joined the post on the east, the river separating them. This 
postoffice was established May 29, 1828, and Phillip G. Rand was the 
first postmaster. 

The first white settlers who came into the territory were mostly 
farmers and mechanics who secured positions tending the farm on the 
government reservation and were employed in various capacities in and 
around the post. There were also some white missionaries, who had 
come in previously with emigrant tribes of Indians. After the passage 
of the territorial act of 1854 numerous settlers flocked in and proceeded 
to take up claims, mostly in close proximity to the present location of the 
fort. All of those who had come in previous to this year could not in 
any way establish any right or title to their lands, it being ceded by 
previous treaties to occupying Indian tribes. When the Territorial Act 
of 1854 passed a great majority of the emigrants who came into the 
territory were under the impression that the lands were then subject to 
pre-emption under the pre-emption laws of the United States. Yet when 
the Delawares in May, 1854, ceded the greater portion of their lands in 
what is now Leavenworth County, reserving a strip ten miles wide along 
the north bank of the Kansas River in the southern end of the county, it 
appears that the lands so ceded were not under the terms and conditions 
of treaty subject to settlement but were to be sold to the highest bidder 
after having been surveyed. Many of the emigrants who came into the 
territory of which this county is now composed were from Platte County 
and Weston, Missouri. They knew the value of these new lands and 
acting upon the advice of David R. Atchison, then United States Senator 
from Missouri, came over and took up all land possible. So strong was 
this rush for land that followed the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act 
that it is said by the month of June, 1854, there were very few acres of 
land in what is now Leavenworth County that had not been staked out 
and claimed. 

What is believed to have been the first land "staked" and claimed 
upon what is now the present site of Leavenworth City after the passage 
of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was that "staked" and claimed by Gen. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 117 

George W. Gist, John C. Gist and Samuel Farnandis. Later when the 
Leavenworth Town Company was organized Gen. George W. Gist was 
chosen its president and it was he that platted and surveyed the original 
townsite. To this day it is known as the "Gist Survey." The plat of 
this survey was filed in the surveyor general's office at Fort Leavenworth, 
December 20, 1854. John C. Gist, who was a son of Gen. George W. Gist, 
and Samuel Farandis were also members of the town company. John C. 
Gist and Samuel Farandis "squatted" upon their respective claims June 
12, 1854. 

On June 10, 1854, the "squatters," having had more or less conten- 
tion in the way of getting valid titles to their respective claims, held a 
public meeting at Rively's store in Salt Creek Valley and drew up a series 
of resolutions with reference to their respective rights and holdings. 
Among other things done at the meeting it was decided by the "squatters" 
to relinquish any claims that they might have to land which in any way 
conflicted with those of the Leavenworth Town Company, which company 
was then in process of formation and was definitely organized June 13, 
1854. This was the first "squatter's" meeting ever held in the territory 
of which Kansas is constituted as well as in Leavenworth County. 

Despite the fact that the "squatters" were held to have no right to 
settle upon the lands lately ceded by the Delaware Indians until the lands 
had been surveyed and sold at public sale, they nevertheless lost no time 
in staking out the town of Leavenworth, selling shares in the town com- 
pany and proceeding in general and on a large scale to occupy and claim 
the territory. The first sale of town lots of the city to take place in the 
city of Leavenworth occurred on Monday, October 9, 1854. Previous to 
this the town site had been cleared of all timber and underbrush by "Uncle 
George" Keller, who had been given the contract. He began this work 
about June 15, 1854, and employed eighty men and finished the job about 
the middle of September. The "Herald," Leavenworth's weekly paper, 
under date of October 13, 1854, contained the following article with refer- 
ence to the sale: 

"On Monday last, at 11 o'clock A. M., the sale of lots in this town 
was commenced. There was a large assemblage of people on the ground, 
many of whom had come from a distance for the purpose of attending 
the sale. The survey had been completed and charts of the town drawn. 
The streets had been cleared of rubbish, and marked with their names. 
Those parallel with the river are numbered as far out as Seventh Street; 



118 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

the cross streets are named for Indian tribes, and commencing on the 
south, are as follows: Choctaw, Cherokee, Delaware, Shawnee, Seneca, 
Miami, Osage, Pottawatomie, Ottawa, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Dacotah, Pawnee, 
and Cheyenne. The streets parallel with the river are sixty feet wide, 
and the cross streets are sixty-one feet wide, except Delaware, which is 
seventy feet. The lots are twenty-four feet front, by 125 feet deep, and 
there are thirty-two lots in each block. Through the center of each block 
runs an alley fifteen feet wide. Seven lots have been laid off next the 
river in warehouse lots, the fronts of which are about 150 feet from the 
water's edge. All the space between Main or First street and the river, 
except these several blocks, has been donated for a levee and esplanade. 

"The terms of the sale were one-third cash and the balance payable 
when the title is secured. G. W. McLane, of Weston, and W. S. Palmer, 
of Platte City, were the auctioneers on the first day. Fifty-two lots were 
sold, at an average of $140.00; on the second day fifty lots were sold, at 
an average of $120.00; making the average of both days' sale about 
$130.00. Only four lots were sold out of the thirty-two in each block. 
The sales were distributed equally over the entire site. The purchases 
were generally made for immediate improvement, but a small number 
having been sold to shareholders. Every lot that was offered was sold, 
and many others could have been disposed of if time had permitted. The 
highest price paid for any one was $390.00, the lowest, $50.00. It was 
recollected that no lot exceeded twenty-four feet front." 

The Leavenworth Town Company, which was permanently organized 
June 13, 1854, was made up in the great part of citizens of Missouri, as 
follows : George W. Gist, Lorenzo D. Bird. D. H. Stephens,. L. W. Caples, 
William H. Adams, Oliver Diefendorf, L. A. Wisely, Amos Rees, Samuel 
Norton, William S. Murphy, Sam Farnandis, Meret Johnson, G. H. Keller, 
William G. Caples, H. Miles Moore, Joseph Murphy, John C. Gist, G. B. 
Panton, Edward Mix, Joseph B. Evans, Malcolm Clark, John Bull, Frans 
Impey, James F. Brunei-, Frederick Starr, J. D. Todd, A. Thomas Kyle, 
Sackfield Maclin, E. A. Ogden, Samuel F. Few. 

The officers of the company were as follows: Gen. George W. Gist 
President ; H. Miles Moore, Secretary ; Joseph B. Evans, Treasurer. Amos 
Rees, L. D. Bird, and Major E. A. Ogden were selected as a board of trus- 
tees, and the committee on by-laws was composed of L. D. Bird, O. Diefen- 
dorf, and H. Miles Moore. H. Miles Moore was until his death considered 
one of the ablest authorities on the early history of Leavenworth City and 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 119 

Leavenworth County. His classification of the members of the original 
Town Company was as follows: Ministers, three; lawyers, four; doctors, 
five; printers, two; merchants, four; surveyors, one; army officers, two; 
army clerks, one; farmers, eight. 

The company staked off and claimed a tract of land comprising some 
220 acres of land on the present site of the city of Leavenworth and pro- 
ceeded at once to have it surveyed and divided into lots. The organiza- 
tion was perfected on June 13, 1854, and on October 9th, following, the 
first public sale of lots was held in the city as will be seen in account pre- 
viously set out in this chapter. Shortly after the platting of the town 
a discussion arose among the members of the by-laws committee as to 
what the town should be named and the majority of the committee, L. D. 
Bird and 0. Diefendorf, favored naming the city "Douglas" in honor of 
the author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Sen. Stephen A. Douglas of 
Illinois. It was due to the influence of H. Miles Moore that the name 
"Leavenworth" was chosen. The naming of the streets from Choctaw, 
north to the reservation after the various western Indian tribes was done 
upon the suggestion of Major E. A. Ogden. 

With the establishing of the city and the selling of the lots, the town 
immediately took on an industrial aspect. Houses were erected as quickly 
as possible and in the meantime tents and various other structures that 
provided shelter were pressed into use. The first dwelling house to be 
erected within the present confines of the city limits is said to have been 
erected at the corner of 4th and Walnut streets in 1854 by Jeremiah 
Clark. This house, which was afterward moved to a location on the alley 
between 4th and 5th streets and Spruce and Olive remained standing 
until the summer of 1919 when it was torn down. 

A saw mill, one of the most needed industries at this time, began 
operations a short distance north of the mouth of Three-Mile Creek. It 
was owned and operated by Capt. W. S. Murphy and Capt. Simeon Scruggs, 
the partnership being known as Murphy & Scruggs. H. Miles Moore, in 
his valuable work, "Early History of Leavenworth City and County" tells 
of his advancing the members of this firm the sum of $96.00 with which 
to pay the steamboat freight on their mill and of his having to take his 
pay long afterwards in cottonwood lumber at the rate of $35.00 a thou- 
sand feet. Capt. W. S. Murphy, one of the partners in the project was a 
member of the Leavenworth Town Company. Before his coming to Leav- 
enworth he was a very prominent citizen of the city of Weston, Missouri. 



120 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

He had served as a captain in the Mexican war under General Doniphan. 
Captain Scruggs had, too, been a resident of Weston before coming to 
Leavenworth and had served as constable 'there for a number of years. 
Following the erection of the saw-mill Captain Sawyer erected a dwelling 
house near northeast corner of Second and Shawnee streets and moved his 
family there from Weston, Missouri. Their mill did a flourishing business 
until the death of Captain Murphy when the business affairs became 
involved in litigation which resulted in Captain Scruggs losing much of 
his interests. After this he removed with his family to a farm north- 
west of Kickapoo and just across the line in Atchison County where he 
lived the remaining days of his life. The mill later came to be known as 
Col. Isaac Young's Eclipse Mill. 

Stores and storerooms were opened soon, the first being that of Lewis 
N. Rees which was erected in the summer of 1854. The store which Rees 
erected was upon the present site of the Union Depot and was what is 
commonly known as a general merchandise store. Rees also acted as 
postmaster without pay as an accommodation to the public for some time 
until he was officially appointed. The postoffice remained in his store of 
the Levee for some time when it was later moved further up town as a 
matter of public accommodation. Numerous other stores of various nature 
soon sprung into existence. Engleman Bros, built the second store in the 
city. It was located on Main street about the middle of the block between 
Delaware and Cherokee. H. Miles Moore, in his "Early History of Leav- 
enworth City and County," mentions the following stores that began 
operation in the city during the years 1854 and 1855 : Nelson McCracken, 
on Water street near Choctaw; Adam Fisher, general store, southwest 
comer Water street and Cherokee; James L. Beyers and M. M. Jewett, 
grocery, Water street and Choctaw; White & Fields, dry goods, Water 
street below Cherokee ; A. M. Clark, grocery, south side of Cherokee, west 
of Third street; Cohn & Abel, general store, on Water street; Col. J. C. 
Clarkson, general store, southwest corner of Cherokee and Second; Hall 
& Walcott, dry goods, south side of Cherokee between Second and Third 
streets ; George Russell, stove and tin, east side of Main street near Dela- 
ware; Strass, Block & Rosenfield, dry goods and clothing, between Third 
and Fourth streets on south side of Cherokee street; Shannon & Van 
Doren, general store on Cherokee street between Second and Third ; James 
Dixon, dry goods, on Cherokee between Second and Third; Meyer's Gro- 
cery, on Levee north of Cherokee ; Philip Rothschild's clothing, on Levee 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 121 

north of Delaware; E. Cody, grocery, west of Main street between Dela- 
ware and Cherokee streets ; R. E. Allen, drugs, on Main street, west side, 
north of Delaware street; William Russell, dry goods and outfitting, on 
east side of Main street where Bittman & Todd's wholesale grocery now 
stands. The latter, Mr. Moore states, was the largest institution of its 
kind on the Missouri River above St. Louis. 

A newspaper began operations in the city before there was a building 
in the city in which to house its plant. The first edition of the paper was 
published under the shade of a large elm tree that stood near the north- 
west corner of Cherokee and Front or Levee streets. The type of the 
original issue was set up by W. H. Adams. The first issue bore the date 
of September 15, 1854. The second issue appeared September 22, 1854, 
and was published in a one-story frame cottonwood house, the first erected 
in the city of Leavenworth which was situated south of Delaware on 
Levee or Front street. W. H. Adams, the original owner of the paper 
which was known as the "Kansas Herald," was also one of the original 
thirty-two members of the Leavenworth Town Company. He was a son- 
in-law of Gen. George W.. Gist, president of the Leavenworth Town Com- 
pany and a brother-in-law of Hon. John C. Gist, who was also a member 
of the Town Company. A certain Mr. Osborn was associated with Adams 
in the newspaper adventure at first possibly in the way of a printer more 
than anything else. He had little or no capital invested and was retired 
from the business after a period of about six weeks. He later became a 
U. S. Deputy Marshal under I. B. Donaldson. With the retirement of 
Osborn from the newspaper, W. H. Adams sold an interest in the paper 
to Gen. Lucien J. Eastin, who became the active editor of the paper from 
then on. General Eastin was originally from Missouri. He remained in 
Kansas until about the year 1859 when he again returned to Missouri 
to become editor of a Missouri paper. During his stay in Kansas he was 
elected a member of the first Territorial Council from Leavenworth County 
in 1855 and 1856. 

In 1855 H. Rives Pollard, a young Virginian, became associated with 
General Eastin in the editorship and publication of the "Herald," the 
latter having acquired complete control of the paper at that time. From 
this time on the paper became an unusually bitter pro-slavery organ. In 
1859 General Eastin sold out his interest and removed to Missouri. Will- 
iam H. Gill, who became editor at that time, tempered the policy of the 
paper to great extent, going so far at one time as to support Stephen A. 



122 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Douglas for the nomination to the presidency. In 1860 the paper was again 
sold to William P. Fain, a former U. S. marshal, who in turn sold it to 
R. C. Satterlee, B. R. Wilson and C. W. Helm. The financial status of the 
paper at this time had gotten low and the publication of the paper was no 
longer prosperous. Publication was suspended in June, 1861, the last 
issue being under date of June, 27, 1861. Only two weeks previous to this 
R. C. Satterlee, one of the owners, was shot and killed by Col. D. R. 
Anthony. 

The great influx of emigration into the territory surrounding the 
city and the city itself in those early days necessitated the opening of 
hotels and other places where the emigrants might be housed. George 
Keller, commonly known and referred to in those days as "Uncle George" 
and one of the most resourceful of the town's citizenry at the time took 
advantage of the opportunity and opened up the first hotel erected in the 
city as well as in the new territory. The hotel which was erected in 1854 
was a frame structure and was located at the northwest corner of Main 
streets and Delaware. It was a two-story affair and was situated upon 
much higher ground than is found at the location this day, the ground 
thereabout having been submitted to much grading and excavating since 
those days. A. T. Kyle, a son-in-law of Keller, was associated with him 
in the conducting and managing of the institution. Before coming to 
Leavenworth and Kansas territory Keller was a Missourian and lived near 
Weston. When the town was platted and mapped out by the Town Com- 
pany Keller was given the job of cleaning the brush from the townsite 
as well as opening up the various streets. The Keller and Kyle hostelry 
was operated for about a year when it was sold. Kyle soon after removed 
to Weston, Missouri, where he engaged for a number of years in the con- 
ducting of a general merchandise store. Later he returned to Leaven- 
worth County and settled at Lansing, Kansas, where he and his wife 
conducted a boarding house for the officers of the Kansas penitentiary. 

After selling out his interests in the "Old Leavenworth Hotel," "Un- 
cle George" Keller subsequently engaged in the hotel business in various 
parts of the city. At one time he was connected with the management of 
the "Fisher-Parry" Hotel which was later remodeled and re-named the 
"Old Mansion House". This famous old hostelry was located at the south- 
east comer of 5th and Shawnee Streets. It early became such a ren- 
dezvous for Free State men that it earned the title "Abolition Hill" and 
Abolition Hotel by those of Southern sympathy. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 123 

Keller for years took an active interest in early day politics. He 
served as a member of the First Free State Territorial Legislature of 
1857-1858, and also later after the building of the State Penitentiary at 
Lansing he served as warden from 1867 to 1869. After leading a very 
active life in the city during its early days and associating very much 
in the building up of the county he retired to his farm a short distance 
south of the little village of Springdale in the western end of the county 
where he died. 

While the "Old Leavenworth Hotel," under the managership of Keller 
and Kyle, was always well conducted, yet it came into early disrepute 
especially so by those of Southern sympathies. "Uncle George" Keller, 
while a Missonrian in every sense of the word, never approved of the tac- 
tics of the South in trying to force slavery upon the newly organized 
territory of Kansas. Consequently his attitude was frowned upon by all 
Southerners who had emigrated to Leavenworth in those days. It was 
this feeling that led several radical Southerners to organize a company and 
solicit subscriptions for the purpose of erecting a new hotel in the city 
of Leavenworth. The city was growing very rapidly and the proposition 
met with much favor as the accommodations of the "Old Leavenworth 
Hotel" were more or less limited. H. P. Johnson, known as "Hog" John- 
son, a rabid pro-slavery advocate of those days, solicited the subscriptions. 
With the funds that were thus raised the "Old Planters Hotel" which is 
now situated at northeast corner of Main and Shawnee streets ,was 
erected in 1855. 

One of the terms and conditions of the membership of the Associa- 
tion was: 

"That the hotel was to be owned by Southern men and was to be 
conducted on exclusive Southern principles." 

This was looked upon with much disfavor by the Abolitionists and 
Free State men of those days and for several years there was much antag- 
onism shown toward the hotel on their part. 

The original structure was of brick and was four stories in height. 
It was first managed and conducted by McCarthy & McMeekin, both of 
whom were originally from Missouri and of strong pro-slavery tenden- 
cies. In 1857 the hotel was sold to Len T. Smith and Col. Jepp Rice who 
operated it for a period of seven years. Both Smith and P.ice were North- 
erners and not wishing to entirely change The policy of the business they 
strove to strike a happy medium. They catered to both the Northern 



124 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

and Southern trade and assured each of equally fair and honest treatment, 
a policy which boomeranged against them from both sides for some time. 
An amusing incident of the Smith and Rice policy is mentioned by the 
late H. Miles Moore in his work, "Early History of Leavenworth City and 
County," in which he tells of the proprietors hiring two bartenders, one 
pro-slavery, the other Free State. When a thirsty citizen of the South 
would happen into the place of business and between drinks proceed to 
give vent to his opinion on matters of importance of the day he immedi- 
ately found an interested listener and sympathizer in the person of the 
Southern barkeep. When a Free State man of like inclinations and con- 
trary opinion happened along he found a friend in the barkeeper at the 
other end of the bar. 

Numerous incidents of note attended the operation of the famous 
old hostelry in its early days. At one time a negro slave that had escaped 
from his master in Kentucky was apprehended while working in the bar- 
ber shop there. He was arrested and was going to be returned to his 
master when Free State men interfered. Controversies and altercations 
immediately arose between the various factions which finally resulted in 
the Free State men's refusing to allow the negro to be placed in jail to 
await his hearing before the U. S. Commissioner, James McDowell. As 
a sort of a compromise the negro was finally placed in a room on the fourth 
floor where he was under a guard consisting of two Free State and two 
pro-slavery men. During the night the Free State men in numbers made 
an assault upon the room and after liberating the negro, he refused to 
accompany them. This attempt at liberation so enraged the pro-slavery 
adherents that they immediately brought out the "old Kickapoo Cannon" 
and planted it facing the hotel, at the same time passing the word down 
the line that unless the slave was turned over to them they would pro- 
ceed to destroy the hotel. The negro was finally spirited away under a 
heavy guard and appeared before the U. S. Commissioner the following 
day for a hearing. During the hearing some one called the commissioner 
outside and during his stay the negro was spirited away. He was never 
re-captured. 

During the days when the Civil War was at its height more or less 
guerilla warfare was carried on across the river. It was not an uncom- 
mon thing for the windows on the east side of the building to be shot out 
by guerillas under the leadership of Cy Gordon who would gather his men 
together on the Missouri River sandbars and fire at the hotel and the 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 125 

building south of it owned by Col. D. R. Anthony. On March 17, 1879, 
Dan Smith, a brother of the proprietor, Len T. Smith, was shot and killed 
on the west steps of the hotel by a party named Lattin following an alter- 
cation over a horse. Smith had attacked Lattin with a hatchet, cutting 
him in several places before he was shot by the latter. Lattin was after- 
ward acquitted of the crime of murder. 

Probably no other western hotel can boast of having entertained in 
its day more notable early day characters as can the old Planters House. 
Stephen A. Douglas, the author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and Senator 
from Illinois, made one of his famous speeches from' the balcony there. 
Abraham Lincoln stopped there on his visit to Leavenworth. Gen. Will- 
iam T. Sherman, famous for his- march through the Southern states dur- 
ing the latter part of the Civil War and who later came to Leavenworth 
to practice law, stayed at the old Planters while he remained here engaged 
in legal practice. 

Among other hostelries that sprang into existence during the early 
days of the city of Leavenworth was that one located at the Southwest 
corner of what is now 5th and Shawnee streets. The original owner of 
of this hotel was George Keller, the original owner of the old 
Leavenworth Hotel at Main and Delaware streets. In 1857 Keller 
sold out his interest to Adam Fisher, one of the oldest settlers of the 
city, who at once proceeded to remodel the place and enlarged it some. 
It was then named the Fisher House. Subsequent to this the place was 
leased to a party named Parry and came to be known as the Parry House 
or "Fisher-Parry" House. Insley and Kiser later purchased the place 
and it began operations under the name of "The Mansion House". It 
rapidly came in favor as a hotel, being especially favored by Free State 
men which led the Pro-Slavery forces to refer to it as Abolition Hill. At 
that time the ground was much higher at this particular point than now, 
it being graded down some fifteen or twenty feet when the present build- 
ings were erected on the site and the streets paved. 

Among the numerous other hotels that operated in the city of Leaven- 
worth during the middle and late '50's was the "Shawnee Hotel" which 
began operations in 1856. It was owned by Miles Norton and was located 
on the north side of Shawnee Street between Main and Second streets. 
The "Rennick House" was built in 1857 on the southwest corner of Main 
and Seneca streets by Doctor Rennick, an early day physician. It was a 
three-story frame building. Later the name was changed to the "Brevort 



126 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

House". The "Woodward House" was built in 1858 on northeast corner 
of 4th and Seneca streets. It was afterward known as the "Morris House" 
and later as the "Washington House". It is still standing though much 
the worse for wear and tear. It has long since been abandoned as a hotel 
and has been unoccupied for the past seven or eight years. The original 
"Pennsylvania House" was built in 1856 on northwest corner of Main and 
Cherokee streets. It was burned down at an early date. A hotel by the 
same name was later started on the north side of Shawnee street between 
Second and Third streets. It was on the identical site of the present site 
of the "Wilkins Hotel". Still later an early day hotel by the name of the 
"Pennsylvania House" began operations at the southeast corner of Broad- 
way and Sioux streets. It was owned and operated by Hubbard Frazier 
and was built in the late fifties. The "Pittsburg House" was also built 
during the late fifties at the southwest corner of Cherokee and Front or 
Levee streets. It was operated by a famous early day character known 
as "Pap" Hancock. The "Merchants Hotel" was built in 1858 by Adam 
Fisher on the south side of Cherokee street between Main and Second. 
It was a brick structure three stories in height. It was operated as a 
hotel for a number of years by Adam Fisher who was an experienced 
hotel man, having previously operated the old Fisher Hotel at Fifth and 
Shawnee street and the "Fisher-Parry" House at the same place. "Har- 
mony Hall" was built and operated as a hotel and public hall in 1855 by 
an old Swiss by the name of Jean-de-Arms. It was located at the north- 
east corner of Second and Choctaw streets. Among other famous early 
day hostelries were the "Railroad Hotel" located near Walnut and Main 
streets ; "Poor Jake's House" situated on the southeast corner of Main and 
Choctaw streets, conducted by Jacob Stroble, an early day politician; 
"The Leavenworth House" located at northwest corner of Fourth and 
Cherokee streets, now known as "The Imperial Hotel ; the "McCarthy Ho- 
tal," owned and operated by an early day politician named Timothy Mc- 
Carthy; the "Second Ward House" located on the south side of Cherokee 
street about the middle of the block between Second and Third streets, 
operated by William Cranston; the "St. George Hotel" located near the 
northwest corner of Second and Delaware streets; the "Balensloe House" 
located at the northwest corner of Seventh and Kickapoo streets, operated 
by Capt. John J. Murphy, and the "Half-Way House" located on Sioux 
street about the middle of the block between Seventh and Broadway on 
the south side. 



HISTORY OF LEWENWORTH COUNTY 127 

Scarcely had the city of Leavenworth got well under way of exist- 
ence when flour mills began operations, being at the time a very neces- 
sary industry, yet meeting with great obstacles in the carrying on of their 
business. The first flour mill to be erected was built in 1857 at the north- 
west corner of Main and Short streets by Earle & Bunbing. It was a two- 
story brick structure approximately forty-five by one hundred feet in 
dimension. It was not the roller type of mill prevalent these days but the 
flour was made through a process of crushing between stones or what 
was known as "burrs". There was not a great deal of wheat grown in the 
community hereabout at the time and as the mill required considerable 
money to be invested to get it on an operating basis, it did not prove to be 
a profitable enterprise. After a short time it was abandoned as a flour 
mill and the building was occupied as a furniture factory by Woods & 
Abernathy. Among the other flour mills that were later started was one 
by Capt. Elijah Wilhite, known as the "Wilhite Mill". It was located 
along the river under what is now known as the South Esplanade. The 
"Koehler Mill" was built in 1865 on Delaware street near Broadway by 
Philip Koehler. It was a brick structure three stories in height. The 
business failed a number of years later and passed into the hands of Hines 
& Eaves who later sold it to H. D. Rush. Rush enlarged the capacity of 
the mill and built the elevator that stands to the west of the original struc- 
ture. This mill was later destroyed by fire. It stood on the site where 
the Vogel Box Factory is now located. The "Plummer Mill" was built near 
the intersection of Kickapoo and Main streets in the year 1872. This will 
was also sold out later to H. D. Rush who enlarged it. It too was burned 
down in the year 1878. Possibly one of the most successful of early flour 
mill industries was that engaged in by A. B. Havens and Paul Havens who 
built what was known as the "Havens Mill" a short distance south of the 
bridge over Three Mile Creek on Main street. The location originally 
taken up by this mill site is now occupied by the railroad tracks of the 
local terminal company. The mill was a three-story frame building and 
was equipped with all of the latest machinery available in those days. It 
was burned down like a great many other early day business institutions, 
the fire occurring May 28, 1882. 

Among other mills which might in a way be termed later day mill- 
ing industries was the "White Mill" which was erected and operated by a 
party named White. This mill was located on Choctaw street, south side, 
near Fifth street. It was later sold to H. D. Rush. This is the same mill 



128 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

as is now known and operated as The Leavenworth Milling Company. The 
Kelly & Lysle Milling Company owned and operated a mill on the north 
side of Choctaw street near the intersection of Sixth street. This mill site 
is now occupied by the Lysle Milling Company. Another mill of the '80's 
was located near the intersection of Fifth and Oak streets. It was built 
in 1886. This mill operated at considerable loss for some time owing to 
its not being on a railroad and having to go to the expense of having the 
wheat hauled to the mill and the finished product. It was later sold to 
Thomas Ashby and has been operated as a corn meal mill for a number of 
years .past. An oat meal mill was constructed during the early '80's at 
the northeast corner of Main and Delaware streets. It was very success- 
ful from it's inception. The mill was operated by S. F. North and occupied 
a building which stood immediately north of the Union Station. It was 
destroyed by fire a short time after its beginning operations. A woolen 
mill was put in operation during the early days of the city known as the 
"Leavenworth Woolen Mills." It was erected in 1857 on a location imme- 
diately across Cherokee street from what is now known as the Klemp Fur- 
niture Factory. The original promoters of this industry were L. N. Latta 
and W. H. Hastings. It met the fate of many other early day mills, being 
destroyed by fire at an early date. The old "Latta" House originally 
owned by Judge L. N. Latta, one of the proprietors, is still standing near 
the former mill site. The Leavenworth Carpet Mills began operations in 
the city in 1870 on the south side of Choctaw street near where the Great 
Western Foundry now stands between Second and Third streets. It pros- 
pered for a time and was destroyed by cyclone May 24, 1878. 

Among other industries that put in their appearance early in the city 
of Leavenworth during its early settlement was the brewing industry. 
The first brewery to be built in the city was that built in the fall of 1855 
by Fritzen & Mundee. It was a two-story stone structure and was located 
along the bank of the river immediately adjoining what is now the South 
Esplanade. This brewery was operated for a number of years and was 
later sold out to Capt. Elijah Wilhite who used the building for the opera- 
tion of his flour mill known as the "Wilhite Mill." Another early day 
brewery was that known as the "Kuntz Brewery." It was located on 
South Fourth street along the south bank of Three Mile Creek immedi- 
ately across the creek from the present site of the Fisher Machine Works. 
The large square stone house standing on the bank overlooking the former 
site of this brewery was built by the proprietor, Joseph Kuntz, for his 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 129 

family. Underneath the present location of the house which has been 
known for some time as the Ferrill property immense subterranean vaults 
were constructed for holding the beer until it had reached certain stages 
of fermentation and aging. A road to the brewery building proper led 
in from Fifth street on the west. A large veranda and grove adjoined 
the house in early days and was a favorite resort of summer evenings to 
which thirsty citizens of the city flocked for refreshments and an even- 
ing's entertainment, music generally being furnished in the nature of some 
first-class band. After the death of the proprietor the property fell into 
the hands of his nephew, Charles Kuntz, who married the widow. Lack 
of proper business management soon brought the business into litigation 
and it was finally closed out. 

The "John Grund Brewery", owned and operated by John Grund, was 
erected in 1857 on Delaware street between Fifth and Sixth streets, south 
side, and on the location of the former building which was known as Chick- 
ering Hall and what is now known as the "Leavel Motor Company". Henry 
Foot, one of the wealthiest of Leavenworth's citizens in those days, was 
associated with Grund in the enterprise. The brewery was a brick struc- 
ture two stories in height. Its operation at this location was never a com- 
plete success, owing to the fact that they could not provide suitable con- 
ditions under which to have their beer age and the place was sold out, 
the partners buying out a small brewery which was located on the west 
side of what is now Shoemaker avenue, and which was operated under the 
name of the "Little Cannon Brewery", and run and operated by an old 
German on a small scale. The Grund interests at the same time also pur- 
chased a tract of land on the east side of what is now Shoemaker avenue 
and proceeded to erect an up-to-date brewery, the building itself being of 
stone and the ruins of which are to this day standing. This brewery con- 
tinued to do a flourishing business until the early '60's when it was closed 
out by Lucien Scott, then president of the First National Bank, from 
whom Grund had borrowed heavily. 

Another prominent early day brewery was opened for business in 
1857 near the northeast corner of Choctaw and Sixth streets upon the 
present site of the Lysle Milling Company. It was owned and operated by 
Keim & Wehrle, and while it did business upon a smaller scale than the 
other breweries heretofore mentioned, nevertheless for the amount of 
capital invested, the business was a very profitable one. 
(5) 



130 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

In 1858 John Brandon and David Block started the manufacture of 
soda water at the southeast corner of Second and Kiowa streets. A few 
years later M. Kirmeyer bought out the interest in the business and he 
first operated under the name of Brandon & Kirmeyer and the business 
was changed to that of brewing. This industry was finally forced to cease 
operations through the interference of the law as administered under the 
Prohibitory Act. A still later adventure at the brewing industry was set 
upon when John Brandon and George Beal formed a partnership and 
engaged in the manufacture of beer under the firm name of Brandon & 
Beal. Their brewery was located on Kickapoo street, north side, between 
Second and Main streets. This was the last brewery to do business in the 
city of Leavenworth. 

Schools were not so quickly to be established in the city. This was 
due principally to the fact of the unsettled condition of the slavery ques- 
tion in those days. As soon as it became apparent that the new territory 
was to be Free State the establishment of schools took on a new impetus. 
Previous to this about the only schools existing in the city were those 
that were privately conducted. The first school of this nature to be estab- 
lished was located on the southeast corner of Fifth and Delaware streets. 
It was opened during the summer of 1855 and was conducted by Rev. J. B. 
McAfee. He conducted the school at this place for several years. Later 
McAfee was ordered out of the territory owing to the color of his political 
views and not wishing to make a contest of the matter he left. It was 
not until after the year 1858 when the first organized system of schools 
was perfected, that the education of the children of the territory and city 
ceased to be neglected. 

A large two-story frame building was erected in the fall of 1856 at 
the southeast corner of Third and Delaware streets which was used as a 
public hall and theatre. It operated until the fall of 1858 when it was 
destroyed by fire. Another building was erected in 1863 on Shawnee 
street, north side, about the middle of the block between Fourth and 
Fifth streets by the Goddard Bros. It was operated as an opera house 
and theatre, playing vaudeville principally and was very popular until 
destroyed by fire. The next early day theatre established in the city was 
that which was located on the southeast corner of Fourth and Delaware 
streets. It was known as the "Thorn Theatre", being named after a party 
named Thom who, with his family, were actors and generally made up the 
stock company that played there. Thorn, himself, owned and operated the 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 131 

place for a number of years. The old Crawford Grand Opera House was 
erected in 1880. It, while not in any sense being an early day house of 
amusement, will be remembered by many of the old timers of the pres- 
ent day. It was located on Shawnee street, south side, between Fifth and 
Sixth streets, and was erected by a stock company of which H. D. Rush 
was president. It played for years to large audiences and always showed 
the very best bills. In 1910 the building was sold to the Abdallah Shrine 
and after being thoroughly overhauled, has been since used as a Shrine 
Temple. Recent theatres are not mentioned here, owing to the fact that 
this article is supposed to deal with only the earlier history of the city of 
Leavenworth. 

A number of buildings used as public halls were erected and conducted 
during the days of early settlement in the city. In 1855 a large two-story 
frame building was erected on the north side of Delaware street between 
Second and Third streets which was used for public meetings and for 
church services. Melodeon Hall, Stockton Hall, Turner Hall, Lainge Hall, 
Odd Fellows Hall, and Chickering Hall, were also famous in their day and 
enjoyed equal popularity as places of public meeting and entertainment. 

"Melodeon Hall" consisted of the third floor of a large three-story 
brick building which was located on the north side of Cherokee street 
between Main and Second streets. It was erected in 1851 by Springer 
& Fries, a Cincinnati firm. It was one of the most famous as well as the 
finest of early day halls. It was totally destroyed by fire at a later date. 

"Stockton Hall was located on the southwest corner of Fourth and 
Delaware streets. It was erected in 1857 by Capt. J. B. Stockton. Abra- 
ham Lincoln spoke there December 3d, during his visit to Kansas in 1859. 
It, too, was totally destroyed by fire at a later date. 

The original "Turner Hall" was located at the northeast corner of 
Sixth and Delaware streets. It was erected in 1857 by the Turner Society 
of which Henry Deckelman, who ran a jewelry store in Leavenworth in 
early days, was first president. It was equipped with a stage and served 
the purpose of both public hall and opera house for the society. It stood 
on this corner for thirty years or more. Later the Turner Society erected 
a larger and finer hall at the northeast corner of Broadway and Shawnee 
streets which is still standing. The original structure, after being deserted 
by the Turners, was used for years as a livery stable. 

"Lainge Hall" was located at the northwest corner of Fourth and 
Delaware streets. It occupied the third floor of what' was known as the 
Lainge building. It was used principally for political and religious meetings 



132 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The "Odd Fellows Hall" was erected in the early '60's at the south- 
east corner of Sixth and Shawnee streets. It was one of the largest and 
finest structures of its kind in those days and early became immensely 
popular. The building is still standing and is still used for lodge purposes, 
the lower part being at present used by the J. C. Davis Undertaking Co.,. 
J. C. Davis of the latter mentioned company, being at the present time 
owner of this famous old building. 

"Chickering Hall" was erected in 1885, by Carl Hoffman. It was 
located on the south side of Delaware street between Fifth and Sixth 
streets on what is now lots owned and occupied by the Leavel Motor Car 
Company. It was very popular as an early day hall and theatre, being 
equipped with a stage. It passed into the discard as a theatre with the 
establishment of the Crawford Grand Opera House on Shawnee street. It 
was totally destroyed by fire November 14, 1914. 

"G. A. R. Hall," located immediately north of the court house grounds 
on Fourth street, and on the south side of Three Mile Creek, long served 
as a public meeting place and hall. While it can not be linked with the 
history of the earlier day halls of the city, yet it deserves mention here, 
owing to the fact that its tearing down in 1912 marked the passing of a 
familiar landmark. 

The banking business became quickly established in the city during 
its early settlement. The first bank to open for business was located on 
the north side of Delaware street between Main and Second streets. It 
Avas owned and controlled by a party named Bailey and began business 
operations in the early part of 1855. It operated, however, but a very 
short time. 

Another early day bank was located on the north side of Cherokee 
street, between Main and Second streets. It was originally owned by 
Issett, Brewster & Co. Later Lyman Scott, an early day citizen, pur- 
chased the interests of Isett and Brewster and the institution came to be 
known as Scott, Kerr & Co. This banking business was later absorbed by 
the First National Bank now located at the northeast corner of Fourth 
and Delaware streets. 

Among the other early day banks that operated in the city were those 
of Eaves & Keller; Henry J. Adams & Co.; Clark & Gruber; J. C. Heming- 
way & Co.; Smoot. Russell & Co.; J. W. Morris; Diefendorf, Hellen & 
Bliss; Newman & Havens; E. Schoolscoff; E. H. Gruber; The German 
Bank, and the Leavenworth Savings Bank. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 133 

The bank operated by Eaves & Keller was located near the northeast 
corner of Main and Cherokee streets. It began business in 1858 and oper- 
ated for only a short time. The bank owned and operated by Henry J. 
Adams & Co., was located in a one-story frame building which formerly 
stood on the south side of Delaware about the middle of the block between 
Second and Third streets. It was organized under the territorial laws of 
the territory of Kansas in 1857 and was sometimes referred to as the 
Leavenwoi-th City Bank. It, like former banking adventures, continued in 
business but a short time. Clark & Gruber started a bank during the 
middle '50's on Delaware street two doors west from the southwest corner 
of Delaware and Third streets. The original building is now occupied by 
the Sanitary Bakery, a new business adventure in this city. It, too, oper- 
ated but a short time when the partnership dissolved and the business 
was merged into other banking institutions. The J. C. Hemingway & Co. 
bank was originally located at the northwest corner of Shawnee and Main 
streets, immediately west of the old Planters House. This bank was the 
outgrowth of the banking business of Smoot, Russell & Co., which was 
started in 1855. The bank was later removed to the east side of Main 
street between Delaware and Shawnee streets and still later was again 
located at the southwest corner of Shawnee and Main streets. The bank 
operated and conducted by the banking firm of Smoot, Russell & Co., was 
originally located at the southwest corner of Main and Shawnee streets. 
As previously mentioned, it was opened for business in 1855. The original 
bank building was a two-story frame structure. Russell, one of the part- 
ners in the firm was heavily interested in the great overland freighting 
concern known as Majors Russell & Waddell, and when that company 
removed from the city, the bank was sold to J. C. Hemingway & Co. A 
banking business conducted by J. W. Morris which was opened for busi- 
ness in 1857 was located near the northwest corner of Second and Shaw- 
nee streets. It did business only on a small scale and was early discon- 
tinued. The banking firm of Diefendorf, Hellen & Bliss which began busi- 
ness in 1858 was located at the southwest corner of Delaware and Main 
streets. It discontinued business at an early date. Paul E. Havens and 
H. L. Newman began a banking business during the late '50's under the 
name of Newman & Havens. Their bank was located on the northwest 
corner of Third and Delaware streets in the building now occupied by the 
Tremont Hotel. This bank operated successfully and on a large scale for 
a number of years. The banking institution conducted by C. E. Scholscoff 



134 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

located on the north side of Delaware street between Second and Third 
streets, which did business during the late '50's was more of a loan office 
than bank. It was conducted for a number of years on a very successful 
scale. The large three-story brick building which now stands at the south- 
west comer of Main and Delaware streets was built by E. H. Gruber, a 
partner of the early banking firm of Clark & Gruber who started a bank- 
ing business a few doors west of the southwest corner of Third and Dela- 
ware streets at an early date. The former building mentioned was erected 
in 1859 by Gruber after the dissolution of the Clark & Gruber partnei-ship. 
Gruber, upon the completion of this building, started a bank there on a 
large scale known as the "Gruber Bank." He did a large and flourishing 
business there for a number of years but overstepped the bounds of pro- 
priety in his desire to outdistance other banks and was finally closed out. 
A bank known as "The German Bank" was started at the northwest cor- 
ner of Third and Cherokee streets by Simeon Abeles at an early date. 
Later it was moved to the southeast corner of Fourth and Delaware streets 
and occupied the room now occupied by the Reif Drug Company. It was 
finally merged into the First National Bank which is now located at the 
northeast corner of Fourth and Delaware streets. The bank known as 
the "Leavenworth Savings Bank" was established during the late '60's 
by Hines & Eaves. It was at first located at the southwest corner of 
Main and Delaware streets. Later it was removed and eventually was 
located at the Times building on Fourth street. While located there it 
failed, causing much financial distress to its depositors who were numer- 
ous and were unfortunately of the working classes. The banks of today 
in the city are not mentioned, owing to their having no historical signifi- 
cance in this article which purports to deal only with the early day insti- 
tutions and early settlement of the city. 

That the pioneers who helped establish the city of Leavenworth, al- 
though typical frontiersmen and soldiers in a sense of civilization's edge, 
were a God fearing lot and Christians at heart is clearly evidence by the 
quick establishment of churches and the building of other houses where 
religious services were conducted. Scarcely had the city been laid out, 
before religious services were being held in different ways and forms, 
throughout its limits. The first religious service believed to have been 
held within the present city limits was conducted October, 8, 1854, by W. 
G. Caples, a Methodist elder. The services were held on the west bank 
of the Missouri river near the northeast corner of the city limits. There 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 135 

being no appropriate building in the city at that time which could be 
utilized for church purposes, the first meeting was held under the shade 
of a large grove of trees which formerly stood at the aforementioned 
place. Rev. Caples was one of the members of the original Town Com- 
pany and came here from Missouri. The Rev. Father Fish of Weston, 
Missouri, officiated at the first Catholic church services that were con- 
ducted in the city. There being no appropriate building, the residence 
of Andrew Quinn who resided on the south side of Shawnee street *e- 
tween Second and Third streets was used. A bureau was pressed into 
service as an altar. This mass, the first Catholic mass to be said in the 
city, was held during the early summer of 1855. 

What is believed to have been the first building erected for exclus- 
ive use for church purposes was built during the summer of 1855 by the 
Methodists on Main street. The first Catholic church of the city was 
built during the latter part of 1855. It was erected at the southwest 
corner of Fifth and Kickapoo streets where the Catholic school now 
stands. It was a large frame structure and was erected under the super- 
vision of the Rt. Rev. Bishop Miege whose pastorate it continued to be 
for a number of years. The present Catholic Cathedral supplanted it in 
1863. Other Catholic churches were later established, a history of which 
will be found elsewhere in this volume. 

A Christian of Campbellite Church was erected during the summer 
of 1855 on Shawnee street between Second and Third streets which was 
destroyed by fire several years later. Shortly after this the congregation 
erected another church building on the east side of Sixth street between 
Shawnee and Seneca streets. This building is still standing and is still 
used for religious purposes. 

A Methodist Church, south, was erected in 1855 on the north side 
of Choctaw street between Second and Third streets. It stood near where 
the Great Western Manufacturing Co. now has its offices. In 1859 the 
Methodist Church which stood for so many years at the northwest corner 
of Fifth and Choctaw streets was erected. It was purchased in 1912, by 
the J. C. Lysle Milling Company and was torn down, its present site 
being converted into a lawn to the East of the milling company's offices. 
In the late 50's or early 60's another Methodist church was erected at 
the southwest corner of Sixth and Osage streets. 

A Presbyterian Church was erected in the fall of 1855 at the south- 
west corner of Sixth and Miami streets. Rev. A. W. Pitzer was pastor 



186 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

of this church for about five years after its erection. Later and during 
the year 1871 a First Presbyterian Church was erected near the north- 
east corner of Seventh and Delaware streets on Delaware street. It was 
eventually purchased by the Goodjohn Sash and Door Company and 
converted to their business. Part of the old original building is still stand- 
ing and is incorporated into the new building which they recently con- 
structed for the carrying on of their business. 

Other branches of the Presbyterian Church included the "West- 
minister Presbyterian Church" which formerly stood at the corner of 
West Seventh and Oak streets; the "Second Westminister Church" which 
was built en the north side of Walnut street between Fourth and Fifth 
streets; the "Cumberland Presbyterian Church" which was erected on 
the north side of Cherokee street between Fourth and Fifth streets, and 
the "United Presbyterian Church" erected in 1866 between Fifth street 
and Second avenue on Arch street, often referred to as the "Flatiron 
Church." 

The first Episcopal Church erected in the city was built near the 
southwest corner of Fifth and Chestnut streets. It was erected in 1858 
and was abandoned later when the congregation erected a new church at 
the northeast corner of Seventh and Seneca streets. 

A German Lutheran Church was erected in 1857 at Seventh and 
Miami streets. The first Congregationalist Church was located on the 
northwest corner of Fifth and Delaware streets in 1859. The congrega- 
tion sold their property at this location in 1887 and built their church 
which at present stands at Fifth and Walnut streets, the northeast 
corner. The Jewish Synagogue which stands at Sixth and Osage streets 
was first erected in the year 1866. In 1916 it was completely overhauled 
and remodeled and the new synagogue now stands on the old original 
location. The first Baptist Church which is at present still standing and 
still used for religious purposes was dedicated in 1871 at the southwest 
corner of Sixth and Seneca streets. For years it was one of the most 
massive and imposing looking church buildings in the city. A Colored 
Church was erected in 1868 on the south side of Kiowa street between 
Fourth and Fifth streets. It was of the First Methodist denomination. 
The First colored Baptist church was erected in 1868 at the corner of 
Seventh and Pottawatomie streets. 



CHAPTER IV 



EARLY SETTLEMENTS CONTINUED. 



KICKAPOO — DELAWARE— EASTON— SPRING DALE — TONGANOXIE— RENO. 

Kickapoo. — One of the most bitter of rivals of the city of Leaven- 
worth during its fight for the supremacy of the cities of the county "was 
waged by the little city of Kickapoo, situated several miles northwest of 
the government reservation on the Missouri River. Kickapoo is in reality 
a much older city in point of settlement than the city of Leavenworth. It 
was for a time a very bitter rival of Fort Leavenworth in a business way. 

The name of the city, "Kickapoo", was derived from that of the Kick- 
apoo Indians, who came there and settled in 1832 upon grounds that had 
been allotted them by the United States Government. 

The original townsite was composed in all of three hundred and nine 
acres of land and covered ground and land located principally in the north- 
west quarter of section thirty-three, and the north one-half of the south- 
west quarter of section thirty-three, township seven, range twenty-two. 
The townsite was surveyed in July, 1854, and Josiah Elliott, who was 
selected the first mayor of the city acknowledged the plat of the city in 
October, 1854. The townsite was re-surveyed in May, 1858, and on Sep- 
tember 10, 1858, the plat of the city as it was re-surveyed was recorded 
with Scott J. Anthony, Register of Deeds of Leavenworth County at 
that time. 

The recorded plat of the city of Kickapoo, according to the re-survey 
shows a city with streets beginning at the west bank of the Missouri 
River and numbered north to south from one to thirteen. The names of 
the streets from east to west are as follows, beginning at the north: 



138 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Locust, Chestnut, Walnut, Main, Washington, Jefferson and Madison. All 
streets were eighty feet in width with the exception of Main street which 
was one hundred feet wide. The alleys as laid out were sixteen feet in 
width and all lots were 124 f eef by 44 feet in dimension. 

For a number of years it appeared that the city of Kickapoo was 
destined to outstrip Leavenworth in growth and political prominence. As 
early as September 20, 1853, a convention was held there for the purpose 
of selecting a delegate to go to Washington and urge the organization of 
Kansas and Nebraska as territories. A Catholic Mission was established 
there in 1833 under the supervision of Fathers Van Quickenborn and 
Hoecken. A trading post was doing a large business there at that date. 
The old mission building that was erected by the Catholics was later con- 
verted into a hotel and operated for a number of years. Later it was used 
as a land office and was also used as an office for the "Kansas Pioneer," a 
newspaper published there under the management of Saxton & Hazzard. 
A part of this old building remained standing until a few years ago when 
it was torn down by 0. L. Spencer into whose hands this property had 
eventually passed. 

One of the most flourishing industries of early day Kickapoo was a 
saw mill which was operated there under the management' of Capt. Elijah 
Wilhite and Captain Dennis. The lumber out of which many of the early 
day buildings in this city were constructed was made at this mill. Nearly 
all of the early day frame buildings at the fort were constructed from 
lumber sawed at the Wilhite & Dennis mill. Wilhite later sold out the 
interest which he owned in the mill and moved to the city of Leavenworth 
and started a flour mill which stood on the river bank along the South 
Esplanade. George A. Sharp, father of William F. Sharp, a prominent 
farmer of Kickapoo at the present time, was an early employee of the 
Wilhite & Dennis saw mill at Kickapoo. 

A postoffice was established in the city of Kickapoo in 1855 and T. D. 
Armond was appointed the first postmaster. For years the mail was 
received at Kickapoo, coming across the river from Weston, Missouri. 
Kickapoo then in turn acted as a distributing point for all points further 
west in the surrounding country. 

Among the early day settlers of the city of Kickapoo and vicinity 
were Rev. Joel Grover, Major Robert Wilson, Major R. P. Rively, William 
Finley, John Freeland, Jesse Connell, George 0. Sharp, Captain Dennis, 
Isaac Cody, Lawrence Kennedy, Merrill Smith, David Herley, T. D. Ar- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 139 

mond, A. B. Hazzard, Elijah Wilhite, John Baker, Francis M. Beagle, Ben- 
jamin F. Edwards, Frederick Hoberg, Jackson Hundley, Henry Clay 
Squires, and Nathaniel S. Ward. 

Rev. Joel Grover was a missionary to the Kickapoo Indians and came 
to Kansas in 1851. He settled on a farm a short distance south of the 
village of Kickapoo. He was the father of D. A. N. Grover and C. A. 
Grover, both of whom were early day attorneys in the city of Leaven- 
worth. C. A. Grover was the first County Attorney of the city and county 
of Leavenworth. 

Major Robert Wilson was the first white settler in Kickapoo Town- 
ship, coming there in 1844. He settled on what is now known as the Cad 
Flint farm which is located a short distance west of the station called 
Miocene on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway. He kept a trading 
post there for several years and sold out in 1852 to Major R. P. Riveley, 
who conducted a general store and hotel there for several years. Rive- 
ley's place of business was one of the most noted on the Fort Riley Road 
and Oregon Trail. One of the first "Squatters" meetings ever held in 
Kansas territory was held there June 10, 1854. It was at this meeting 
that the famous "Salt Creek Valley" resolutions were drawn up, a copy 
of which appears elsewhere in this volume. Riveley conducted a general 
store and inn at this place until July, 1857, when he sold out to Hiram 
Rich. 

William Finley settled on a farm in the Kickapoo community during 
the middle '50's and for years took an active interest in the affairs of the 
city of Kickapoo and the surrounding community. John Freeland was also 
a farmer who lived in the Kickapoo community during the early '50's. 
He took an active interest in early day politics and was elected a county 
commissioner at an early date occupying the position of chairman of the 
county board from August, 1858, until March 30, 1860. Jesse Connell was 
also an early day farmer in the Kickapoo community. He served several 
years as state senator also. 

George O. Sharp, another of Kickapoo's oldest residents, came to 
Kansas in 1855. He held the position of postmaster for a number of years 
at that place and was also the first station agent there. He took an active 
interest in the early day politics of the little village and served one term 
as police judge there, and held the office of mayor from 1858 to 1861. He 
was the father of William F. Sharp who at present lives a short distance 
south of the little village. 



140 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Captain Dennis operated a saw mill. For a time Elijah Wilhite was 
associated with him. Practically all of the lumber that was used in the 
construction of the stables at Fort Leavenworth during the early days was 
sawed at this mill. 

Isaac €ody, the father of the world famous "Buffalo Bill" also was 
an early day settler in Kickapoo Township. There is no record of his 
ever having lived in the village of Kickapoo. Cody's farm was situated on 
the south side of the Fort Riley road and Old Oregon Trail and was a short 
distance west of the Hund farm of today. His pi'operty eventually passed 
through different hands and it is now part of the Weisinger and Seymour 
farms. 

Lawrence Kennedy, sometimes referred to as the "Mayor of Pleasant 
Ridge," the father of M. C. Kennedy and L. V. Kennedy, prominent farm- 
ers of Kickapoo Township, at the present time was also an early settler 
in the township. His farm was located a short distance to the northwest 
of the Cody farm. 

Merrill Smith conducted a saloon and hotel in what might be properly 
called Salt Creek Valley, a small early day village situated south of Kick- 
apoo. His place was located on the Fort Riley Road and old Oregon Trail 
and was a famous early day stopping place for freighting trains passing 
over these trails. 

David Herley operated the famous early day tavern and saloon known 
as the "Eight Mile House". It was located approximately eight miles 
northwest of the city of Leavenworth in Kickapoo Township at a point 
where the Fort Riley Road and Old Oregon Trail branched. Part of the 
old building is still standing and the place is now owned by Mrs. Patrick 
Burns. 

T. D. Armond was a resident of the village of Kickapoo during the 
early '50's. He was the first postmaster at that place, being appointed in 
January, 1855. At that time the mail was brought across the river from 
Weston, Missouri, by ferry. 

A. B. Hazzard was the editor of the "Kansas Pioneer", a radical pro- 
slavery weekly published in Kickapoo. He published the "Pioneer" for a 
period of about three years and when it became evident that Kickapoo had 
lost the fight for the county seat and the territory-was destined to become 
Free State the publication was suspended. He later published a paper 
in Savannah, Missouri. 

Elijah Wilhite was also an early day resident of the city of Kickapoo. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 141 

For a time he was interested there in the operation of a saw mill with 
Captain Dennis. After selling out his interests he removed to Leaven- 
worth where he opened a flour mill. 

John Baker came to Kansas in 1857 and located in Kickapoo. He 
was at various times engaged in the manufacture of brooms there and 
also at farming. He served as police judge of the city of Kickapoo one 
term, as a member of the council three terms and as mayor of the city 
one term. 

Francis M. Beagle came to Kansas in 1852 and at first settled on 
Kickapoo Island. About two years later he moved to the city of Kickapoo 
where he engaged in the general merchandise business under the firm 
name of Dennis, Lewis & Co. A short time afterward he moved to Colo- 
rado but later returned to Kickapoo. 

Benjamin F. Edwards, one of the early and prominent farmers and 
stock misers of Kickapoo Township, came to Kansas in 1855 and located 
on a farm northwest of the city of Kickapoo. During the Civil War he 
served as a sergeant of Company A, Seventeenth Kansas Infantry. Mr. 
Edwards took an active interest in early day political affairs. He was an 
ardent Free State man and was one of the foremost farmers of Kickapoo 
Township during his lifetime. 

Frederick Hoberg, another early day resident of the city of Kickapoo, 
came to Kansas in June, 1854. His original claim constituted a part of 
the original townsite of the city. After selling it to the town company 
he moved to a farm a short distance outside the city. 

Jackson Hundley came to Kansas in September, 1854, and at first 
settled in Salt Creek Valley, a short distance south of Kickapoo. He 
farmed quite extensively in Kickapoo Township for a number of years. 

Henry Clay Squires was another early day settler of Kickapoo Town- 
ship. He came to Kansas in 1858 and for a number of years - engaged in 
the freighting business on the plains. During his lifetime he was one of 
the largest and most influential farmers in Kickapoo Township. He took 
an active interest in politics and served several 'terms as County Commis- 
sioner of Leavenworth County. His beautiful home is still well preserved 
and is located a short distance northwest of the little vilage of Lowemont 
on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway. 

Nathaniel S. Ward came to Kansas in 1858 and settled on a farm a 
short distance west of the city of Kickapoo. During the Civil War he 
served as a member of Company A, Seventeenth Kansas Infantry. 



142 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Delaware. — Another former rival of the city of Leavenworth for 
political and business prominence, now long since lost and forgotten, stands 
about two miles east of the present site of Lansing. This city, known in 
its day as Delaware and sometimes referred to as "Old Delaware", was 
commenced during the summer of 1854. A townsite was laid out, sur- 
veyed and platted by the Delaware Town Association of which S. B. Pren- 
tiss was president. The original plat of the city of Delaware was filed 
in the office of Scott J. Anthony, Register of Deeds of Leavenworth 
County, Kansas, on December 15, 1859, and the description of the city 
from the plat recorded reads as follows : 

"Beginning at a limsetone rock 15 inches long by 3 inches thick 
set for the northwest corner of the town of Delaware on the south bank 
of the Missouri River, in Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory, from 
which a Cottonwood tree bears South S. 81J degrees W. 68 links and an 
elm tree bears S. 83| degrees E. 42 links distant, thence S. 35 degrees E. 
down the south bank of said river 80 chains to a limestone 30 inches long, 
10 inches wide and H thick from which an oak tree bears N. 78 degrees W. 
21 links and an elm tree bears N. 79 degrees E. A5 links distant. Thence 
South 55 degrees W. 40 chains set a part corner from which a hickory 
tree bears N. 9 degrees W. 17 links. Thence north 35 degrees W. 80 
chains set for a corner a limestone 30 inches long, 10 inches wide and 2 
thick. Thence 55 degrees E. 40 chains to the place of beginning. The 
width of streets, lots, alleys, and depth of lots are as appear on plat. The 
number of blocks and reserves are as well as the names of the street's 
laid down on this plat." 

The plat referred to above was filed by George Quinby on behalf of 
the Delaware Town Association. The plat as recorded shows that the 
streets from east to west were numbered from 1 to 6. From north to south 
the streets were names as follows : Hazel, Hickory, Hackberry, Elm, Vine. 
Maple, Mulberry, Walnut, Main, Oak, Linden, Ash, Cherry and Plum. 

In 1855 an election was held in the county for the purpose of select- 
ing a county seat and on November 6, 1855, the County Board of Leaven- 
worth met for the purpose of canvassing the votes cast. After canvassing 
the votes it appeared that the city of Delaware had cast 929 votes, the 
city of Kickapoo, 878 and the city of Leavenworth 726. At the election it 
is said that large numbers of Missourians had come over to Delaware and 
Kickapoo and voted for the purpose of securing the county seat to each 
of these cities. Following the canvassing of the votes Commissioners Hall 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 148 

and Walker voted that Delaware city be selected as the permanent county 
seat. John A. Halderman, one of the county commissioners at that time 
refused to take any hand in the matter of the selection of Delaware as the 
county seat for the reason that numerous illegal votes had been cast. A 
county building was built at Delaware following this election and the 
county offices were moved there February 20, 1857. 

In 1857, however, the legislature ordered the holding of another elec- 
tion for the purpose of fixing upon a permanent county seat for Leaven- 
worth County. At this election which was held in October, 1857, the city 
of Kickapoo received the largest number of votes, polling a vote of 1,004 
as against Leavenworth's 968. When the board of county commission- 
ers canvassed the vote they declared that Kickapoo was to be the county 
seat and the county records were ordered transferred from Delaware to 
th city of Kickapoo. After this the matter of the county seat was thrown 
into litigation and eventually the city of Leavenworth won out. With 
Leavenworth's winning the cities of Delaware and Kickapoo began quickl) 
to pass into the discard and especially was this true as the Free State 
sentiment began to grow. 

An amusing story is told of the election of October 8, 1855, when 
Kickapoo, Leavenworth, and Delaware City were waging a hot three- 
cornered fight for the county seat. On the evening of the election after 
the votes had been counted it appeared that Kickapoo had won out by a 
vote of 892 to 860 over Delaware, her closest rival. There was a great 
celebration held in Kickapoo and Weston where most of the Kickapoo 
votes had come from during the day. However, the next day, Delaware, 
not to be outdone, decided that there were several of her citizens who had 
not voted so they threw the polls open on that day with the result that the 
Delaware vote grew from 860 to 928, easily outdistancing Kickapoo in the 
final canvass by the county commissioners. 

Among the early settlers of Delaware City and Delaware Township 
were the following: G. B. Redmond, J. M. Churchill, James Bruce, Will- 
iam H. Spratt, George Quinby, L. F. Hollingsworth, R. C. Foster, David 
Churchill, B. H. Twombly, S. D. LeCompte, G. W. Gardner, Eli Macamer, 
John W. Loar, H. T. Green, Thomas Abshire, Joseph Kelley, Barnabas 
Gable, Doctor Whiteside, Fred Frye, Matt Boyle, Herman Brandt, Mrs. 
Hanson, William Patterson, Jonas Edge, Tom Yates and William Sprague. 

Practically all of the residents of Delaware and community emigrated 
to Kansas territory from Platte County, Missouri. They were in the main 
strongly pro-slavery. 



144 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Of the old-time settlers of the city of Delaware and Delaware Town- 
ship heretofore named, none are now living. G. B. Redmond, whose name 
was mentioned afterward, started the little village of Weimer, which was 
located a short distance south of Delaware on the Missouri River. There 
he operated a saw-mill and for a time it appeared that the village was 
destined to blossom out into a real city. All of the former site of this 
little village has now been carried away by the encroachment of the river. 

J. M. Churchill was one of the early day storekeepers. James Bruce 
was a brother-in-law of Churchill's and lived in the city of Delaware. 
William H. Spratt ran a saloon there for a number of years. 

In the mind of the old timers there still lingers recollections of George 
Quinby, one of the leaders of the little village in its palmiest days. Quinby 
ran a livery stable there for a number of years. He was a man of the 
typical "town boomer" type of the fifties. He came to Delaware when it 
was nothing but a "wooding up" station for the steamboats and it was 
largely through his efforts that it gave promise for a time of being the 
leading city in Leavenworth County. L. F. Hollingsworth was an early 
day doctor of the little village and had an office there. Later he purchased 
a farm a short distance from the townsite and removed there following the 
less strenuous occupation of farming. 

R. C. Foster was an early day farmer of the community. His farm 
was located adjoining the city. David Churchill was associated with his 
brother in the conducting of a general store there, and B. H. Twombly was 
an early day attorney of Leavenworth City and County who lived on 
a farm adjoining the village. 

Of Samuel D. LeCompte much could be said. He was the first judge 
of the district of which Leavenworth County was a part. He was inclined 
to be a bit radically inclined toward the pro-slavery element and cause. 
He resided in the city of Delaware for several years and held court there 
when the county building was located there. When the city of Delaware, 
in order to defeat Leavenworth and Kickapoo for the county seat, threw 
open the polls and voted a second day, it is said that when the matter came 
before LeCompte as a legal controversy, he decided in favor of Delaware. 
After his retirement as judge hei'e he practiced law for a number of years 
in Leavenworth but finally removed east where he died. 

G. W. Gardener was another early day attorney of Leavenworth city 
and county who took up an early residence in the city of Delaware. After- 
ward he removed to a farm in Delaware Township where he followed the 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 145 

occupation of farming. Eli Macamer was another lawyer who resided at 
Delaware on a farm as well as was H. T. Green. John W. Loar was an early- 
day farmer in the Delaware community as well as was Thomas Abshire and 
Joseph Keliey. 

Barnabas Gable, another early settler of the Delaware community, 
came to Kansas in 1854 from Platte County, Missouri. At first he took up 
a 'claim on Broadway in the city of Leavenworth which he afterward aban- 
doned, the same being taken up and afterward platted as Benz' Addition 
io the city. Mr. Gable died about ten years after locating on his Dela- 
ware Township farm, leaving a large family. Frank M. Gable of Delaware 
Township, and John M. Gable of this city, are his sons. 

Doctor Whiteside was for years one of the leading physicians of Dela- 
ware city. He enjoyed a large and lucrative practice and was rated as one 
of the leading physicians in this part of the country. 

Fred Frye was Delaware's baker. He conducted a bakery there dur- 
ing the fifties and did a large and flourishing business. Matt Boyle ran 
the leading saloon in the village. He was found guilty of selling liquor 
without a license after the town boom had died out and was compelled 
to serve a term in the penitentiary for same. Herman Brandt ran a saloon 
and a small general store. He later moved to a farm south of Lansing 
after that city had started. 

The hotel which was operated by Mrs. Hanson, referred to as the 
"Widow" Hanson, was one of the most noted places in the little village. 
It enjoyed a large patronage and was political headquarters in early days. 
There was about fifteen rooms in the hotel building as well as a large hall 
which was often pressed into use as a dance hall. It was conducted under 
the name of the "Hanson House". 

William Patterson was an early day contractor and builder of the vil- 
lage and later built himself a fine residence there. William Sprague was 
an early day stone mason and bricklayer who helped build many of the 
houses and buildings that sprung up when the boom was at its height. 

The first mayor of the city was Thomas Yates, a typical town boomer 
who saw visions of big things in store for his infant city. 

Henry Foreback was the first shoemaker to locate in the city. For a 
time he was a political "boss" there, controlling the German vote. 

During its palmy days town lots in the city of Delaware sold for 
fabulous prices. An improvement company was organized to grade and 
make streets. The townsite was on very hilly ground and they cut one 

(6) 



146 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

street down to the river landing. The street was about a quarter of a 
mile long and in many places it was necessary to make cuts as deep as 
twenty feet. 

An amusing incident relative to the county seats being established 
there is still recalled by some of the old timers. After the building of a 
temporary structure there for the purpose of housing the county offices, 
it became necessary to hold a term of court. Judge Samuel D. LeCompte 
was at that time judge of the district of which this county was a part. 
During the trial of a case in the Delaware court house and while the jury 
was in the box, the floor of the building collapsed and the jury all fell into 
the basement. Fortunately no one was seriously injured. 

Frank M. Gable, who came to Delaware Township as a small boy 
with his father, Barnabas Gable, tells that it was a practice during the 
early days of the town for the real estate agents to have emissaries down 
at the river who hailed passing steamboats in search of immigrants, cry- 
ing out: "Hear ye me! Hear ye me! Come to my town. It is the best 
located." 

Easton. — The city of Easton, situated about twelve miles west of the 
city of Leavenworth, was another early day settlement in the county. 
This city was originally called "Eastin" and was named after Lucien J. 
Eastin, one of the early editors and owners of the "Kansas Herald," a 
weekly Leavenworth newspaper. It was located and named in the fall 
of 1854 by Andre Dawson, William G. Mathias and L. J. Eastin. It is 
said the the name "Eastin" was changed to "Easton" owing to the fact 
that Governor Reeder, the first territorial governor of the territory of 
Kansas, was originally from a city in Pennsylvania named "Easton" and 
the change in the spelling of the name was done in his honor. 

The first known white settler in the immediate vicinity of Easton i? 
believed to have been Andre Dawson, who at first lived a short distance 
to the southeast of the present site of the city. Dawson's Creek Cross- 
ing on Stranger Creek was a famous early day fording place where trains 
traversing the Fort Riley Road crossed the stream. Dawson Creek, a 
small creek running through the south part of the city of Easton, was 
named after Dawson. Dawson was married to an Indian squaw. There 
was one son born to their union, a son named John. 

The plat to the city of Easton was recorded May 8, 1855. It was 
recorded by Jesse Connell, administrator of the estate of Andre Dawson, 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 147 

The plat of the city of Easton shows the city to be divided into six- 
teen square blocks. The streets are numbered from east to west, be- 
ginning with one and ending with four. From north to south the streets 
are named as follows, beginning at the north: Dawson, Riley, Kickapoo, 
and Broad Street. The blocks, as laid out, are divided into twelve lots 
each. 

Among the earliest settlers in the city of Easton and its immediate 
community were Stephen Minard, who bought out Andre Dawson's hotel 
there and operated it as early as 1855 ; Samuel J. Kookagee, who operated 
a store there for several years during the middle fifties ; John Large, who 
lived two miles south of the city and whose daughter married Andre 
Dawson, and John McNeesh, who also operated a hotel there during the 
early fifties. Samuel Pearson was also an early resident of the city. It 
was he who in company with Merrill Smith, then the proprietor of a 
hotel and saloon in Salt Creek Valley, engaged Martin Klien in an alter- 
cation in the Number Six neighborhood one day and shot the latter, seri- 
ously wounding him. 

Other early day settlers included William H. Bristow, William N. 
Borden, John L. Bristow, Robert Fevurly, A. E. Cleavinger, Joshua Hall, 
Robert Kelsey, M. H. Langley, G. H. Loughmiller, C. D. Oliphint, J. H. 
Seever, Stephen Sparks, Joshua Turner, E. K. Adamson, H. B. Gale, Rob- 
ert Bishop, Thomas Snoddy, Charles Foster, John Thornburg and Jackson 
Crane. 

Practically all of these parties named in the last paragraph settled 
on farms in the vicinity surrounding Easton. William H. Bristow, for 
a number of years conducted a general merchandise store until it was 
destroyed by border ruffians during the fall of 1856. William N. Borden 
came to Kansas in 1842 and located in what is now Kickapoo Township. 
He later moved back to Platte County, Missouri, but again moved back 
to Kansas several years later, locating in the village of Easton, where 
he engaged in the grocery business for several years before moving to 
his farm north of Easton. Joshua Turner conducted a grocery store in 
the city for a number of years during its early days. Stephen Sparks, 
one of the earliest settlers in the Easton community, came to Kansas in 
1854 and located on his farm on Walnut Creek a short distance to the 
south of Easton, where he lived until his death. A. E. Cleavinger came 
to Kansas in 1851 and located on a farm northeast of the city of Easton 
several miles. Until his death he ranked as one of the leading farmers 



148 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

of Easton Township. E. K. Adamson came to Kansas in 1854 and at first 
located on a farm in Alexander Township. Several years later he moved 
to Easton, where he engaged in the mercantile business. M. H. Langley 
came to Kansas in April, 1854, and located on a farm to the northwest of 
the city of Easton a short distance. He was a prominent farmer and 
stock grower there during his lifetime. C. D. Oliphint, another of 
Easton's most prominent old timers, came to Kansas in August, 1856, and 
located in Easton, where he resided until his death. He took an active 
interest in early day politics and served as a member of the State Legis- 
lature during the session 1877-78. J. H. Seever, H. B. Gale, Robert 
Bishop, Charles Foster, John Thornburg and Jackson Crane were all early 
day farmers in Easton Township and community. They all lived to the 
north and northeast of the city and all came to their respective homes 
during the early and middle fifties. There are none of those old timers 
heretofore mentioned living at this date. 

An early day incident showing to what extent the pro-slavery forces 
willingly went in order to carry out their purposes is illustrated in the 
election which was held in the territory on January 17, 1858. Easton 
was at that time one of the polling places. The home of T. A. Minard 
was used as a voting place. A number of pro-slavery men sent word to 
Minard that they wanted the ballot box. A number of Free State men 
from Fort Leavenworth under the leadership of Capt. Reese P. Brown, 
a newly elected member of the State Legislature, had gone out to see 
that the election was conducted fairly. The Free State men of the vi- 
cinity were under the leadership of Stephen Sparks, who lived a short 
distance south of the city of Easton. The election went along quietly 
until the morning after, when the Free State men from Leavenworth 
learned that Sparks and his son had been taken prisoners. They imme- 
diately set out to rescue them. On reaching the village they found Sparks 
and his son and released them. Trouble followed. A pro-slavery man 
named Cook was killed and several Free State men were wounded. Capt. 
Brown set out with his party on their return to Leavenworth. On the 
way back the party was met by two bands of pro-slavery men, one under 
the leadership of Capt. Martin, and another under the leadership of Capt. 
Dunn. Most of both parties were "Kickapoo Rangers." Seeing that they 
were outnumbered the Free State men surrendered and were taken back 
to Easton. A mock trial was held and all the prisoners were turned 
loose with the exception of Brown. He was locked up. The mob, be- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 149 

came unruly and broke open the jail, dragged Brown out and one of the 
party struck him in the head with a hatchet. He was stabbed and hacked 
from head to foot and thrown into a farm wagon and taken to his home, 
where he was thrown out at the door. His wife shortly after this went 
violently insane and later died from the direct effect of the shock. 

Another incident is illustrated in the raiding of the store which was 
conducted at Easton by William H. Bristow. Bristow had been engaged 
in the mercantile business there during the years 1855 and 1856. In the 
fall of 1856 border ruffians from Missouri came to the little village of 
Easton and robbed the store of all the provisions they were able to carry. 
They then set fire to the building and set out on their return. The old 
store book kept by Bristow is still preserved and contains many items of 
interest. Among the first pages appears the heading: "Easton K. T. 
October 10, 1855." Among the first customers appears an Indian, who 
paid a balance on account of $1.00 for pantaloons. Several Indians' names 
are found in the record, showing a great deal of trade among them. 

The following is a copy of some of the original items as they appear 
in this old account book: 

"Saturday, Oct. 13, 1855; George W. Messersmith, to gallon of mo- 
lasses, 75c ; to 8 pounds of sugar, $1 ; to one gallon whiskey, 75c. Another 
bill: Tuesday, October 30, 1855; John Large, to 25 pounds flour, $1.37; to 
50 cents coffee, 50c; to i/ 2 gallon whiskey, 40c. Another bill: William 
Sparks, Dec. 3, 1855; to five pounds of nails, 60c; to set of knives and 
forks, 50c ; to 8 yds. calico @ 12i/ 2 c, $1.00 ; to matches, 5c." 

The last entry made in the store book was under date of December 
1, 1856. The following are names of some of the customers recorded: 
Wansuck Indian, Esquier Indian, John Thomas, Witousa Indian John, 
Pacnocca Indian, Jim Thomas, Kawhuk Indian, Joel Crook, James Kain, 
W. Sparks, James Novel, M. Langley, Steven Sparks, Mathias Ralston, F. 
G. Braden, L. White, Mr. Mayfield, J. Brady, William Linck, K. Adamson, 
David Large, S. J. Kockogee, Robert Whitehead, John Large, Levi White, 
George Messersmith, Christopher Linvil, Jacob Adamson, John Wilfly, 
Daniel Shiply, William McLain, Thomas Carson, Peyton Bristow, James 
T. Roberts, Daniel Nickson, Anthony Reader, Joseph Langley, E. K. 
Adamson, Thomas W. Brooks, Thomas Gwartney, W. R. Tubbs, Thomas 
Turner, Augusta White, James Novel, William Sparks, James Ready, 
Greenville Thompson, A. D. Jones, William Gabard, Charles Hedrick, 
Zachariah Sparks, David Merphy, J. G. Brown, James Bradley, James 



150 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Hugens, Henry Ready, Henry Price, S. C. Sumpter, Taswell Rose, John 
Higgins, L. Minard, John Menech, Levi White, John Tritt, M. H. Langley, 
Thomas Minard, Daniel Rose, William Rose, William Jones, Patrick Orr, 
Benjamin Hicks, John Foular, Amber Jones, Moses Sparks, M. Coomstock, 
John Large, M. Mackey, R. W. Chinnly, N. Taylor, Louisiana Lockmiller, 
Chester Ferry, Lance Woodward, John Thompson, Robert Thompson. 

The following is the contract for the first school house at Easton. 
The original contract with other papers of William H. P. Bristow, includ- 
ing the old store book, are at present in possession of William P. Hall, 
grandson of Mr. Bristow, and to him we are indebted for this information : 

"Know all men by these presents, that: We, G. C. Linvill & D. L. 
McMickle, for and in consideration of the sum of one hundred and Twenty 
five Dollars to be paid in manner following do agree to build and complete 
a school house in the Town of Easton of the following dimensions, viz: 
twenty four by eighteen feet, and nine feet between joints with one door 
and four twelve light windows eight by ten, floor to be laid of plank with 
a square edge drove up tight; sleepers and joice to be placed two feet 
apart, the house to be chinked and pointed inside and out with lime and 
set upon a good foundation one foot above the ground. When the house 
is up and covered the sum of twenty five dollars will be paid and the re- 
mainder one hundred dollars when the house shall be completed and fully 
finished in a good and workmanlike manner. 

" (Thos. A. Minard "C. C. Linville 

"Trustees (Wm. H. P. Bristow "D. L. McMickle." 

"(Joseph Langley" 

"Easton Nov. 14th A. D. 1855 
"Received of W. H. P. Bristow and T. A. Minard, Trustees of the 
Easton School House the sum of One Hundred and Twenty Five Dollars 
in full of all demands against the Easton School House. 

"C. C. Linville 
"D. L. McMickle" 

The foregoing contract and receipt are written on a sheet of lined 
foolscap paper and is plainly legible to the present day. 

Springdale. — The city of Springdale was platted and surveyed in 
1860 by Hiram Rees and Eli Morris. It is located in the center of Alex- 
ander Township and about sixteen miles west of the city of Leavenworth. 
It has no railroad connections. John Wright was reputed to have been 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 151 

the first settler in the township, coming there in 1854. A postoffice was 
established there in 1860 and P. F. Walker was appointed the first post- 
master. In those days the mail was hauled overland by stage on the 
Fort Riley Road, Springdale getting its mail from the station at Easton, 
and Easton in turn getting its mail from Leavenworth, where it was 
brought by steamboat. The township of Alexandria, in which Spring- 
dale is located, was settled to a large extent by the Friends' Society. 
They built a church and schoolhouse there at an early date. Among the 
earliest industries of the little village was a sawmill operated by Henry 
Ready and a grist mill operated by Thomas Ashby. 

Among the earliest settlers of the village and community were the 
following: Robert E. Courtney, Garrett V. Keller, James Medill, Alfred 
B. Powell, Buell Trackwell and Dr. William B. Wood. 

Robert Courtney came to Kansas April 7, 1855, and located on a 
farm near the village of Springdale. He soon acquired considerable real 
estate and was a prominent and prosperous farmer of that locality until 
his death. Garrett V. Keller, another early day settler, located in the 
Springdale community in January, 1859. He also was a farmer and 
resided there for a number of years, operating one of the leading farms 
of the community. 

James S. Medill came to Kansas April 15, 1857, and did not until 
1864 move to the Springdale community. He took an active interest in 
early day politics and served four years in the State Legislature and two 
years as railroad assessor. On his farm, which was one of the leading 
ones of the community, he specialized in the raising of Shorthorn cattle 
and Poland-China hogs. He was the father of a large family and was 
one of the county's foremost citizens until his death. 

Buell Trackwell came to Kansas and settled in the Springdale com- 
munity in 1857. He also was one of the community's leading farmers 
and citizens until his death. Dr. William B. Wood came to Kansas in 
the fall of 1855. After his graduation from the Missouri College of 
Medicine in 1875 he established himself in the practice at Springdale, 
where for a number of years he enjoyed a large practice. 

Tonganoxie.— The city of Tonganoxie, which is the second largest 
city in Leavenworth County at the present time, was also an early settle- 
ment in the county. It was named after an old Indian chief who lived 
along the Lawrence-Leavenworth Road in that community during the 
early fifties and whose home was a famous early day stopping place for 



152 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

travelers in those days. The city of Tonganoxie was platted in 1866. 
The original townsite at the time of the platting was owned by Magdalena 
Berry. As platted the city contained forty acres. The first white 
settler of the village is reputed to have been William H. Fox, who built 
a log cabin on the townsite in 1862. During the early 60's a postoffice 
was established there, and James English was appointed the first post- 
master. It was not until 1866 that a regular merchandise store was 
opened up there. It was owned by William Dane. A flour mill was put 
into operation there at an early date, the same being situated several 
miles southeast of the village and being owned by Mrs. E. Davis & Son. 
Among the early settlers of Tonganoxie City and community were 
the following: Willard S. Angell, Jacob Becker, Wallace A. Brice, Charles 
Colwell, Francis J. Dessery, John S. Grist, Abner F. Hoskins, Archer J. 
Jones, Eli H. Linton, A. McLawrence, Ashley A. Moody, Crawford Moore. 
Axum Newby and Jonathan Winslow. Of these Willard Angell came to 
Kansas in 1869 and at first located in High Prairie Township. He settled 
later in the city of Tonganoxie, where for a number of years he conducted 
a livery stable and a hotel. Jacob Becker came to Kansas in 1867 and 
located in Leavenworth, where he lived for two years, when he moved to 
Tonganoxie in 1869. His occupation was that of a saddler and harness 
maker and for years he followed his trade in that village. William A. 
Brice came to Kansas in 1869 and landed at the city of Leavenworth. 
He was an early day farmer of the Tonganoxie community. Charles Col- 
well came to Kansas in 1861 and located for a time in Leavenworth. He 
was a blacksmith by trade and in the year 1866 he located in Tonganoxie, 
where he conducted an early day blacksmith shop. Francis J. Dessery 
located in the city of Tonganoxie in 1867. For years he traded in horses 
and mules there. John S. Grist arrived in Kansas in 1868 and located 
at Tonganoxie. He was a contractor and builder by profession and many 
of the early day houses of the city and community as well as the bridges 
were built under his supervision. Abner F. Hoskins came to Kansas in 
1857 and during his first three years in the territory resided in Anderson 
County. In 1860 he moved to a farm in the Tonganoxie community. He 
was for years one of the leading farmers and stockraisers of that com- 
munity. Archer J. Jones came to Kansas in 1859 but it was not until 
1861 that he located in the vicinity of Tonganoxie on a farm. In 1866 
Eli Linton arrived at the little village of Tonganoxie and located there 
permanently. He was one of the early day postmasters of the village 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 153 

and also worked as an agent for the railroad company there. A. McLaw- 
rence arrived in the Tonganoxie community in 1866 and located on Big 
Stranger Creek a short distance from the city. For years he conducted 
a grocery store at Tonganoxie. Ashley A. Moody located in Tonganoxie 
in 1868 and for years conducted a general merchandise store there. 
Crawford Moore came to the Tonganoxie community in 1861 and located 
on a farm which was situated about a mile northeast of the village. The 
station of "Moore" on the Leavenworth-Lawrence branch of the Union 
Pacific Railway is named after him. His farm, which consisted of 900 
acres, was one of the finest in Leavenworth County. Axum Newby lo- 
cated on a farm in the Tonganoxie community in the year 1873 and for 
years was one of the most prominent farmers of the neighborhood. Jona- 
than Winslow was another of the early day fanners to settle in that 
vicinity. He located there in the year 1868. 

Reno. — The little station of Reno, which is situated on the Leaven- 
worth-Lawrence branch of the Union Pacific Railway, was named after 
General Reno. One of the earliest merchants of the place was John 
Jacobs, who was also the first postmaster there. Another small station 
which is situated in Reno Township is named Fall Leaf and is located on 
the main line of the Union Pacific Railway. It was named after an In- 
dian chief who lived there in early days. 

Among the early settlers of Reno Township are the following: R. C. 
Taylor, John Jordan, Gavin Allan, Smith Benedict, William Bruce, John 
C. Canary, John Develbess and Christian J. Halstead. Among these R. 
C. Taylor was one of the earliest settlers of Reno Township, the other 
oldest settler being John Jordan. They both were farmers and took up 
their claims in the township at a very early date. Gavin Allan came 
to Reno Township in 1869 and located on a farm there, where he lived 
for a number of years. He specialized in the raising of fine hogs and 
cattle. Smith Benedict was another early day farmer to locate in the 
Reno community. He came there in 1867 and for years conducted one 
of the finest farms in the neighborhood. William Bruce came to the 
community in 1869 and located on a farm. John Canary also located 
there at an early date and followed the occupation of farming. John 
Divelbess located on a farm in the township in 1867 and devoted most 
of his time to the raising of fine cattle. In 1880 he was elected state 
representative from his district. Christian J. Halstead located in Reno 
in the year 1866. He was one of the early day postmasters of the place. 
He also served his district as a state representative for a number of years. 



CHAPTER V 



PIONEER LIFE AND HOMES 



TYPES OF PIONEERS — THEIR HOMES — HOW HOMINY WAS MADE — HOSPITALITY — 
IMPLEMENTS AND CLOTHING— THE TYPICAL PIONEER— THE PIONEER 

WOMEN. 



"Home of our childhood ! how affection clings, 
And hovers round thee with her seraph wings. 
Dearer thy hills, though clad in autumn brown. 
Than fairest summits which the cedars crown." 

— O. W. Holmes. 

There were several different types of men found among the early day 
settlers of Leavenworth City and Leavenworth County. There was the 
type which came here mainly for political purposes with but one object 
in view and that to make the new territory of Kansas pro-slavery. Many 
of these were in the employ of Southern agencies. Their names are found 
connected with many of the early atrocities which were committed in 
the county in its early days. After it became apparent that they had 
lost their fight and that the territory was destined to be free state they 
gradually dwindled and slunk away. There was another type who came 
here for the purpose of establishing homes for themselves and their pos- 
terity. It is indeed a grateful thought that the latter were in the ma- 
jority. Those it was that made up what might be truly termed the pio- 
neers of our city and county. They were a people who despised the 
coddling ease of luxury, ruddy of health, fired with an ambition of service 
to their progeny, true soldiers of civilization's edge. Their first care 
was to protect themselves from the elements. The first cabins that they 
erected were a cross between a hoop cabin and Indian hut. Soon after, 
however, the men assembled for what in those days was termed "log 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 155 

raisings." The forests furnished the timber and the strong arms of the 
pioneer with his. ax fashioned out the logs. The earth supplied the clay. 
None of these first cabins are now in existence but the following is a fair 
description of the way and manner in which they were constructed. 

These cabins were generally built of round logs, notched together 
at the corners, ribbed with poles, and covered with boards split from a 
tree. A puncheon floor was then laid down, a hole cut in the end and a 
chimney run up through. A clapboard door was then made, and a window 
was made by cutting a hole through at the end or side two or three feet 
square, and finished without glass or transparency. The house was then 
"chinked" or "daubed" with mud and the cabin was ready to go into. 
The household and kitchen furniture was adjusted and life on the frontier 
really began in earnest. Much of the furniture used by the earliest of 
these pioneers was "home made," being fashioned out of the timber by 
the husband with no other instrument than an ax. The doors were fas- 
tened with old fashioned wooden latches, and the latch string always 
hung out for friends and neighbors. The convenience of stoves was a 
thing at first unheard and unthought of, the housewife doing all- of her 
cooking by means of pots and kettles over and above the fireplace, which 
was usually later constructed. The acquisition of glass windows was im- 
possible for these first settlers. White paper was pressed into service, 
being greased and thus admitting a small portion of light. 

Those settlers who thus faced the hardships of the new territory 
were indeed true home builders, the very foundation of our nation, the 
true root of patriotism and love of country. They appreciated the fruits 
of their own industry, and manufactured practically everything they 
used. The home made hominy-block is doubtless not within the memory 
of our oldest citizens. This was made after this fashion: 

A tree of suitable size was selected in the forest and felled. If a 
cross cut saw was convenient, the tree was butted, that is the large end 
was sawed off so that it would stand firmly when ready for use. If there 
were no saws in the neighborhood the ax was used to do the work above 
mentioned. Then the proper length, generally four or five feet, was 
measured off and again cut off. After this the block was raised on end 
and the work began of hollowing out one of the ends. This was generally 
done with a common chopping ax. When the cavity was adjudged to be 
large enough a fire was built in it and carefully watched until the ragged 
edges were burned away. When completed it somewhat resembled a 



156 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

druggist's mortar. Then a pedestle or something was necessary to crush 
the com. This was as a rule made from a suitably sized piece of timber 
with an iron wedge attached large end down. This completed the ap- 
paratus. The block was then ready for use. Sometimes one hominy- 
block accommodated a whole neighborhood and acted as a means of stay- 
ing the hunger of a number of mouths. 

One of the most noted of characteristics of the early day pioneer 
when contrasted with the people of today was the spirit of helpfulness 
and hospitality. Men and women everywhere assisted each other. Aris- 
tocratic feeling was unknown. Log raisings, brush clearings, hunts and 
such things were participated in by the entire neighborhood, each one 
doing his share. When a neighbor butchered, his neighbors were sure to 
come in for a portion of the meat. What one had all had. There is a 
difference today when if we look over a neighbor's fence we are charged 
for it. There are many who for these reasons decry the progress we 
have made in the last three-quarters of a century and long to go back 
to the years gone by when hospitality was a part of the human make-up. 
On Sundays and holidays the pioneers would as a rule go visiting, gen- 
erally to one of the more important neighbors, who as a rule would kill 
a hog or sheep to provide eating for his visitors over Sunday. It was the 
custom for the whole family to partake of these visits, generally coming 
in the farm wagon and staying all day, sometimes several days. 

The farming implements of the early county pioneers were very 
crude and have long since passed into the discard and disuse. The "bull" 
plough and mould board plow were early pressed into use. These plows 
were then made of wood. The "cradle" was an improvement on the com- 
mon scythe of today and was used in harvesting early grain crops. When 
the "dropper" and "reaper" came into use in the early 80's their advent 
was heralded as one of the greatest advancements in the agricultural 
implement age. Previous to this but little wheat was grown owing to the 
fact that there was no way to care for it during harvest season. With 
the invention of the latter two machines wheat growing was given a new 
impetus, although even at that time the use of twine for the tieing of 
the sheaves was unknown, they, before this, being tied by a handful of 
the sheaf ingeniously twisted and tied about it. A good "binder," after 
the use of the "dropper" came in, was always in demand during harvest 
season. The original way of preparing the soil for seeding by the pioneers 
was to plow or "root" it up with a "bull" plow and then drag it down with 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 157 

brush or logs. Later a harrow in the shape of the letter "A" was de- 
signed, it being constructed by mortising three heavy pieces of timber 
together in the form of a triangle and then boring holes through at cer- 
tain distances apart and inserting therein at first wooden and later iron 
teeth or plugs. Rollers were designed by the early day farmer, being 
made out of a large log into each end of which there was mortised a 
heavy steel pin upon which a frame work was constructed which con- 
nected with a tongue and means by which it could be drawn by oxen or 
horses. The fences that usually surrounded the pioneer's domicile were 
constructed of rails which his ax had fashioned from the timber on the 
premises. When not of rails they were usually made of stone. Both 
forms entailed a great amount of labor when compared with the manner 
and form as used in these latter days. The family clothes were made 
entirely by the mother through the use of her needle and spinning wheel. 
Boots were worn more than shoes. Every pioneer was his own cobbler 
and the yarn hose knitted by the mother for the family for the winter 
months were repaired over and over again. The straw hats which the 
members of the family usually wore during the summer months were 
made by the mother from the wheat straw after its being threshed. 
There was nothing wasted ; there was nothing fastidious. Life was lived 
in a sensible, homely, common-sense way. 

The typical pioneer man was in the majority of cases strong and 
robust of physique. His face was usually bearded and his hair was 
allowed to grow long. As a rule the face was firm and seamed. His eyes 
were clear, strong and piercing, the sense of sight being developed to a 
wonderful degree as well as that of the other senses. He had vices and 
traces of barbarism in his makeup peculiar to the situation in which he 
was found. His manners were rough and appearance uncouth, yet under- 
neath the rough veneer one generally found a true spirit of generosity 
and a sympathetic side to the nature rarely found in these later days. 
When one entered the door of the pioneer's cabin seeking shelter for the 
night his request was generally answered with: "I reckon you can stay, 
or I suppose we better let you stay." The welcome would indeed seem 
ungracious, yet it was generally the harbinger of every kindness and 
comfort his cabin afforded. Coffee, corn bread, butter, pork, wild fowl 
or wild game were generally set before one at the mealtime. The wife 
and mother, timid, silent and reserved but constantly attentive to your 
comfort did not as a rule sit at the table with the guest, but like the wives 



158 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

of the patriarch's stood by and attended. One seeking shelter was gen- 
erally given the best the house could afford in the way of a bed. When 
this kind of hospitality had been shown the stranger as long as he cared 
to stay and when he was ready to depart and proceeded to speak of his 
bill he was generally told that they were not running an inn or board- 
ing house, with some slight mark of resentment, and that he was indeed 
welcome to the accommodations such as they had been able to afford him. 
The true pioneer woman and mother was a type of woman that is 
rapidly and lamentably passing out of existence. She was mild of man- 
ner and as a rule spoke but very seldom. She was generally strong and 
healthy of physique and met unflinchingly the hardships and perils of 
her situation. She was ever alert to the care and duties of her house- 
hold and was seldom idle. Her house was always kept neat and tidy 
regardless of the nature of the structure. About it she drew no social 
lines based on the simplicity or grandeur thereof; she valued her friends 
and neighbors at their true worth and all were welcome to visit with 
her. Resolutely and cheerfully she bore her heavy burdens and met the 
many vicissitudes cumbent to her life. There was a whole-souled opti- 
mism and a spirit of buoyant laughter ever present in her heart. She 
was not adverse to the bearing of children and found solace in the care 
and homely attentions which she lavished upon them in her simple way. 
The "homey" instinct was deeply embedded in her. She was not a dis- 
ciple of vogues, styles of the fashion plates and the relief offered her from 
her work in the divorce courts held no lure. She worshipped her God in 
the simple way, her Bible being her constant companion and her greatest 
pleasure being to gather her children about her of evenings and read to 
them therefrom and teach them simple prayers. With the establishment 
of churches at a later period she always tried to raise her family in her 
church. About this true mother and her rude pioneer home there has 
ever centered a magic enchantment. Recollections of the sacrifices which 
she unflinchingly made ; of her many kindnesses, her honest toil and brave 
heart still clings and pays homage to the memory of many of the older 
citizens of today, touching their heart strings with angelic fingers. The 
influence which she exerted was stronger than death. She is gone but 
the spirit which she animated in the breasts of our fathers and mothers 
and their forefathers still lives in the progress and greatness, the ad- 
vancement and worth of our city and county as it has established itself 
in the years that have gone by. 



CHAPTER VI 



FIRST THINGS IN CITY AND COUNTY 



History has been said to be nothing other than a record of events. 
The older the event, in reality the more valuable information it is from 
a historical standpoint. A history that does not go back to the beginning 
of things and events loses much of its value as a historical work. Leav- 
enworth City and Leavenworth County had to be started. A city or 
county is nothing in itself ; a state is nothing in itself, neither is a nation ; 
it is the people that constitute them that make them what they really 
are. The first settler in the city of Leavenworth and the first "squatter" 
in the county together with the industries which they started really form 
the nucleus around which our present day city and county grew. In con- 
sequence of this the present chapter, a chapter which deals with the first 
things of the city and county, has been inserted in this work. 

In a former article it will be noted that the first white settlers of 
the county were mechanics and laborers who lived in and very close to 
the fort, where they were employed by the government in various ca- 
pacities. Just who was the first white settler in the county is a matter 
which has long since been lost in the maze of antiquity. It is a historical 
fact that the first land staked out and occupied after the passage of the 
Kansas-Nebraska Act on the present site of the city of Leavenworth 
was that staked out and occupied by John C. Gist and Samuel Farandis. 
Gen. George W. Gist also staked out a claim on the present site of the 
city but was never an actual resident of the territory. 

The first sale of the town lots into which the city of Leavenworth 
had been divided and which was held in the city of Leavenworth took 
place on October 9, 1854. G. W. McLane, of Weston, Missouri, and W. S. 
Palmer, of Platte City, Missouri, were the auctioneers. 



160 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The first industry of note to begin operations in the city was the saw 
mill owned and operated by Capt. W. S. Murphy ond Capt. Simeon Scruggs 
on the north side of "Three Mile Creek" where it empties into the river. 
This mill began operation in the fall of 1854. A more detailed account 
of this industry is found in the Chapter on Early Settlement and institu- 
tions of the city of Leavenworth. 

The first newspaper published in the city of Leavenworth and in the 
territory of Kansas was set up and published under the shade of a large 
elm tree which stood a short distance to the southwest of the corner of 
Cherokee and Main Streets. The first edition of this paper, which was 
named the "Kansas Herald," bore the date of September 15, 1854. The 
first editors of this paper were Adams & Osborne. 

The first storeroom erected in the city was located at the northwest 
corner of Delaware and Levee or Front Street. It was erected in the 
summer of 1854 by Lewis N. Rees and was operated as a general store 
and later used for the first postoffice building in the city. 

The "First Squatter's Meeting" held in the territory was held at 
the store of H. P. Rively, a short distance west of the Salt Cleek Valley 
Bridge over Salt Creek. This store was located on the farm now owned 
by Cad Flint. About two hundred "Squatters" were present at this 
meeting and it was then that the famous "Salt Creek Valley Resolutions" 
were drawn, a fuller and more detailed account of which appears elsewhere 
in this volume. This meeting was held May 9, 1854. 

The first church services held in the city of Leavenworth were con- 
ducted by W. G. Caples, a Methodist elder on Sunday, October 8, 1854. 
The services were conducted along the west bank of the Missouri River 
near the northeast corner of the present city limits and there being no 
building adequate for the purpose, the services were held under the shade 
of a grove of trees which stood at the aforementioned location. 

The first postmaster of the city of Leavenworth was Lewis N. Reese. 
The postoffice conducted by him first was located in his store at the north- 
west corner of Delaware and Levee or Front Streets. He served as post- 
master here for several years without pay, the mail being brought down 
from the fort postoffice. Later he was officially appointed by the gov- 
ernment. 

The first postoffice of the territory was established May 29, 1828, 
and was known as Cantonment Leavenworth. Phillip G. Rand was the 
first postmaster there. Up until and even after the establishment of 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 161 

Kansas as a territory this postoffice handled the mail of the earliest 
settlers as well as the official government mails at the fort or as it was 
then known, Cantonment Leavenworth. For several years after a post- 
office was opened in the city of Leavenworth by Lewis N. Reese, the mail 
was brought down from the fort to the local office. 

The first dwelling house erected in the city of Leavenworth was 
built by Jeremiah Clark. It was located at the southwest corner of 
Walnut and Fourth streets in the fall of 1854. Later it was moved to a 
place on the alley between Olive and Spruce Streets near Fifth Street, 
where it stood until a few years ago when it was torn down. 

The first territorial election held in the territory of Kansas was held 
November 29, 1864. This was for the purpose of selecting a delegate 
to Congress. The voting place in the city of Leavenworth for this elec- 
tion was the basement of the old Leavenworth Hotel, situated at the 
corner of Main and Delaware Streets. It was at this election that such 
a large crowd of Missourians came over and by the casting of their votes 
made it possible to secure the election of the pro-slavery candidate, Gen. 
John W. Whitfield. 

The first hotel in the city of Leavenworth was situated at the north- 
west corner of Main and Delaware Streets. It was erected in 1854 and 
was a frame building. It was operated and conducted by George Keller 
and his son-in-law, A. T. Kyle, and was known as the "Leavenworth Ho- 
tel." The building was torn down in 1859. 

The first well ever dug and known to exist in the city of Leaven- 
worth was dug immediately south of the old Leavenworth Hotel by its 
proprietors in the year 1854. It was situated about the middle of what 
is now Delaware Street and almost at its conjunction with Main Street. 
It was filled up when Delaware Street was graded. 

The first child born in the city of Leavenworth was born in the 
Leavenworth Hotel. She was a daughter of A. T. Kyle, one of the early 
proprietors of the hotel and was christened Cora Leavenworth Kyle. She 
was born December 5, 1855. After growing to womanhood she was 
married to James N. Allen, who for years was Rock Island ticket agent 
in the city of Leavenworth. 

The first white male child born in the city of Leavenworth was George 
C. Richardson, a son of Jason Richardson, who then lived in a one-story 
frame house on Main Street, between Main and Cherokee streets. Thi3 
child was born November 14, 1858. 

(7) 



162 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The first marriage ceremony performed in the city was that per- 
formed by Squire Alexander Russell on January 13, 1856, when he united 
in marriage John Grund and Miss Eliza A. Tennell. Mr. Grund was 
later connected with the brewing industry in the city. 

The first boarding house conducted in the city was opened in the 
year 1854 by an elderly lady named Gano. It was located on Main Street 
near the present site of the Union Depot. 

The first flour mill operated in the city was erected at the northwest 
corner of Main and Short streets by Earle & Bumbing. It was a two 
story brick structure. 

The first brewery in the city was built in the fall of 1855. It was 
a two story stone structure and was located along the river bank about 
the middle of and under the bank of what is now the South Esplanade. 
It was owned and operated by a partnership known as Fritzen & Mundee. 

The first school conducted in the city was located at the southeast 
corner of Fifth and Delaware streets on the present location of the Axa 
building. It was a private school and was conducted by Rev. J. B. McAfee. 

The first public hall was erected in the fall of 1855 and was located 
on the north side of Delaware Street about the middle of the block. It 
was used for many diversified purposes, among which were religious 
meetings, political meetings, public speakings and was often used as a 
dancing hall. 

The first bank to open for business in the city was located on the 
north side of Delaware Street between Main and Second streets in the 
early part of the year 1855. It was in the nature of a private banking 
institution and was conducted by a party named Bailey. 

The first election of members to the territorial legislature of the 
territory of Kansas to take place in the city occurred March 30, 1855. 
The polls for this election were to have been in the old Leavenworth 
Hotel, but the proprietor, George Keller, objected to the elections being 
held there. The polling place was then selected at the saddlery shop of 
Ben Woods, near Third and Cherokee streets. A large crowd came down 
by steamboat from Weston, Missouri, the day of the election and cast 
their votes. 

The first convention held in Leavenworth for the purpose of nomi- 
nating a candidate for delegate to Congress was held November 15, 1854. 

The first "Squatter's Trial" ever held in the territory of Kansas was 
held in Salt Creek Valley at the store conducted by Major R. P. Rively on 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 163 

September 20, 1854. The question involved was over which one of two 
parties had the legal right to the possession of a certain claim. The 
late E. Miles Moore, who for years was a practicing attorney in the city 
of Leavenworth afterward acted as attorney for a party named Martin, 
who claimed that his claim had been "squatted" upon during his absence. 
The case was tried by a board of three arbitrators, each party choosing 
one and the two chosen choosing a third. Malcolm Clark, who was after- 
ward murdered in the city of Leavenworth, was acting as marshall of 
the "Squatter's Court." 

The first fire company of the city of Leavenworth was organized 
September 17, 1855, by consent of the city council. 

The incorporation of the city of Leavenworth as a city took place in 
the summer of 1855. A special charter was issued by the First Territorial 
Legislature which was then in session at the territorial capital at Shaw- 
nee Mission. 

The election of the first city officers of the city of Leavenworth 
occurred September 3, 1855. This election was held pursuant to an act 
passed by the territorial legislature of 1855 authorizing the holding of 
an election in the city of Leavenworth for the purpose of electing city 
officers. J. H. Day, W. H. Adams and Lewis N. Rees, of the city of 
Leavenworth, were the judges of this election. 

The first city officers of the, city of Leavenworth were as follows : 
Mayor, Thomas F. Slocum ; President of Council, J. H. Day ; Councilmen, 
Fred Emery, Thomas H. Doyle, George W. Russell, M. L. Truesdell, 
Adam Fisher, Dr. G. J. Park and William T. Marvin. The Council, after 
being duly organized, appointed the following officers of the city: City 
Clerk, Scott J. Anthony; City Assessor, H. G. Weibling; City Marshal, 
William McDowell; City Treasurer, William H. Bailey; City Attorney, 
John I. Moore; City Engineer, E. L. Berthoud, and Comptroller, M. L. 
Truesdell. 

What is believed to have been the first death of a settler of the 
territory occurred December 6, 1854, a short distance north of the present 
site of Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, at the old Platte City River landing 
when Stephen A. Noble was drowned while crossing from Weston, Mis- 
souri, to this side. Joseph O'Neil, who was with him in the boat at the 
time it capsized, was also drowned. 

The first "grist mill" owned and operated by local settlers was not 
built on this side of the river but was built in what is commonly known 



164 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

as "Slabtown," a short distance east of the former site of Drydale. It 
was owned and operated by Panton & Yohe. 

The first hardware store to open for business in the city was situated 
on Main Street and was operated by George Russell. 

The first barber shop ever conducted in the city was owned and 
operated by Julius Trummel. It was opened for business during the 
month of February, 1855, and was located on Cherokee Street near Water 
Street, or Levee. 

Dr. Charles Leib is believed to have been the first physician to estab- 
lish an office and practice in the city of Leavenworth. For a time his 
office was located in a tent that stood near the "big elm tree" that stood 
near Cherokee and Water Street. Dr. John H. Day was also an early 
day physician, both he and Dr. Leib practicing here during the latter 
part of 1854. 

The first person to engage in the carpenter business in the city of 
Leavenworth was Samuel M. Lyon. He came here and established him- 
self as a carpenter in September, 1854. 

The first wholesale grocery store established in the city was located 
on Water or Levee Street in October, 1854. It was owned and operated 
by Joseph J. Bentz. 

What is believed to have been the first drug store to begin business 
in Leavenworth was that operated by M. France & Co. This store began 
business here when there was no building in which its products might 
be housed and for quite a length of time at first used the office of the 
"Herald" as a dispensing room. 

What is believed to have been the first bridge to* have been con- 
structed in the city of Leavenworth was constructed across a creek which 
ran south crossing Delaware between Seventh Street and Broadway. It 
was erected by Majors, Russell and Waddell. It was a temporary struc- 
ture and erected for the purpose of enabling this great freighting firm to 
cross this particular stream with their freighting wagons. The first 
frame bridge to be erected in the city was built over Three Mile Creek 
on Main Street. The first stone bridge was built over Three Mile Creek 
on Main Street. 

James W. Skinner was the first official steamboat agent to have 
an office in the city of Leavenworth. This office was opened in 1855. 

The first express company to do business was known as Richard- 
son's Missouri River Express. It operated between St. Joseph, Missouri, 
and St. Louis. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 165 

The first city ordinance to be drafted by the Leavenworth City Coun- 
cil was entitled: "An Ordinance Relating to Games of Skill and Chance." 

The first meeting- of the regular council of the city of Leavenworth 
was held Tuesday, September 11, 1855, and the meeting was held on the 
second floor of a building located on the south side of Delaware about 
half way between Second and Third streets. 

The first surveyor general of Kansas Territory was Gen. John Cal- 
houn. His first office in Kansas was located in Leavenworth City and 
was in an old frame building on the south side of Delaware Street about 
midway between Second and Third streets. 

What is believed to have been the first court ever organized in the 
territory of Kansas as well as the county of Leavenworth was that pro- 
vided for by the Squatter's Meeting which was held at Rively's store in 
Salt Creek Valley June 10, 1854. Following this several squatter's meet- 
ings were held in Leavenworth with the result that a committee appointed 
for the purpose of arriving at some solution of the question of claims 
reported a preamble and resolutions which provided for a court to try all 
matters of contested claims. The officers of the court were H. R. Rees, 
Chief Justice; A. Payne, Associate Justice, from Stranger District; Alex. 
Russell, Associate Justice, from Salt Creek Valley District; Miles Shan- 
non, Marshal; Green D. Todd, Deputy Marshal, and S. D. Pitcher, Chief 
Clerk of the Court and Recorder of Claims. 



CHAPTER VII 



EARLY DAY TRANSPORTATION AND HIGHWAYS 



STEAMBOATING ON THE MISSOURI— LANDING— EARLY HIGHWAYS AND TRAILS- 
OTHER ROADS— STAGE ROUTES— SALT LAKE TRAIL— SANTA FE TRAIL— OXEN' 
USED— METHOD OF TRAVEL. 



Advanced transportation and good highways are indices of a people, 
certain evidence of their culture, progressiveness and prosperity. As are 
these so are the people. Good transportation, advanced civilization; or 
advanced civilization, good transportation; either way one follows the 
other as certainly as night the day, or the day the night. 

Transportation has been, is, and will be a process of evolution. Could 
we turn back the scroll of time and witness the primitive methods of the 
pioneer, great would be our astonishment; could we project ourselves 
into the future one hundred years, and observe the methods of transporta- 
tion then, doubtless it would be beyond anything then that we today 
comprehend or anticipate. 

When the first settlers of Leavenworth County arrived at the Mis- 
souri River, the routes of commerce and travel were largely the water 
courses. For this reason all early day settlements were made on the 
banks of that river or in close proximity thereto. Steamboats were then 
in use. Could we people of today behold one of the typical early day 
steamboats it would indeed prove an awe-inspiring sight. They had as a 
rule but one engine.. They were small and most of them were constructed 
along the lines of a flat boat and were stern wheelers. The cabin was 
a primitive affair. It was on the lower deck, as a rule in the back part 
of the boat. At first there were no staterooms. They were arranged 
with curtains in front of the berths. They were very small as a rule 
and were slow. Weston, Missouri, was a great stopping place for early 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 167 

day boating in those days, the river then swinging in close to the present 
site of the city and there being a good landing place. With the advent 
of the late '40s and early '50s steamboating had undergone a considerable 
change. The boats had been improved. They were larger and faster. 
Some were of the side wheel variety. Regular schedules were estab- 
lished. When the city of Leavenworth was founded a landing place was 
established immediately east of the present site of the Union Depot. It 
was not an uncommon sight to see four or five river steamboats anchored 
there during the late '50s. It is said that during the year 1856 there 
were forty-one steamboats operating on the Missouri River that made 
regular stops at the city of Leavenworth and that in all 328 trips had 
been made by them during the year. J. W. Skinner was the general 
agent for the steamboating industry on the river in those days and had 
his office located for several years in the old "Leavenworth Hotel" at the 
corner of Main and Delaware streets. 

The new born city of Leavenworth in the middle and late '50s was 
most fortunate in that it had at its disposal numerous highways and trails 
that had been previously established. When Fort Leavenworth was es- 
tablished in 1827 the government immediately set out to connect it with 
prominent trading centers to the east and west by roads or trails. These 
up to the establishment of the city of Leavenworth were used principally 
for military purposes. With the coming of the pioneer home builders 
other roads were quickly established such as necessity demanded. At 
this time the second largest city in the territory of Kansas was Lawrence, 
consequently a road was opened through from Leavenworth to there. Le- 
compton was the capital of the territory which led to the establishment 
of a road leading there. Other roads led up and down the river to the 
towns of Atchison, Kickapoo and Wyandotte. A hack line carried pas- 
sengers three times a week to Westport Landing, Westport, Missouri. It 
was owned and operated by Kimball, Moore & Company. A tri-weekly 
line of hacks and stages operated between the city of Lawrence and here. 
Mail stages were run daily between heer and Weston. Daily stages were 
operated between here and the capital at Lecompton and mail stages oper- 
ated between the two latter named places three times a week. Fred 
Emery operated a line of passenger and mail coaches between here and 
Fort Riley, using the old Fort Riley Road and passing through Salt Creek, 
Easton, Manhattan and other towns along the way. A weekly mail and 
passenger stage service was in operation between Leavenworth and Atchi- 



168 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

son. This service passed through by way of Kickapoo following a branch 
of the old Salt Lake Trail which led off from the original trail at the Salt 
Creek bridge to the northward and again connected with the main trail 
northwest of the present site of the little city of Lowemont. 

One of the most famous of the great early day trails had its eastern 
terminus in the city of Leavenworth. It was known to this county as 
the Salt Lake Trail. North of Atchison it connected with the St. Joe 
Emigrant Trail and led on to the northwestward, being there known as 
the Oregon Trail. Its route out of the city led to the northwestward 
along what is now known as the Fort Riley Road to a point known in 
early days as the "Eight Mile House," a famous early day inn and tavern 
conducted and owned by David Herley, which stood a short distance to 
the southeast of the present city of Lowemont, Kansas, Leavenworth 
County. Here it branched off, leading sharply to the northwest, while 
the Fort Riley Road led slightly to the southwest toward the city of 
Easton. It entered Atchison County about four miles east of the present 
site of the city of Potter, Atchison County, Kansas. Among the noted 
and famous early day stopping places along the trail in Leavenworth 
County in those days were the taverns and hotels operated by Merrill 
Smith in Salt Creek Valley; Isaac Cody, father of "Buffalo Bill," in Salt 
Creek Valley, and H. P. Rively in Salt Creek Valley. Also that famous 
early day tavern and inn operated by David Herley known as the "Eight 
Mile House." This famous early day trail and road was pressed into 
constant use during the middle '50s by the great government Overland 
Freighting Company, operated by Majors Russell and Waddell, which had 
established its eastern terminus in the city of Leavenworth. 

The Great Santa Fe Trail, the eastern terminus of which was at 
Westport Landing, Westport, Missouri, was also a famous and much 
used trail by the early day emigrants of the city and county of Leaven- 
worth. The establishment of this great highway across the southwestern 
part of the United States was necessitated through the growth of trade 
between the western trading establishments of the American frontier 
and the Spanish provinces in Mexico. Baptiste La Lande was the first 
white man to traverse the country and deserts through which this trail 
extended. In 1804 he made the trip from the western trading posts in 
Missouri to Santa Fe, carrying with him a small amount of articles which 
he traded to the Spanish traders at the latter post. The trail was prac- 
tically established in 1812 when Capt. Becknell with a party set out from 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 169 

Franklin, Missouri, for the purpose of trading with western Indian tribes. 
After they had traded with the various Indian tribes they proceeded on 
to Santa Fe, where they sold the articles which they had obtained from 
te Indians at an enormous profit. When they returned to the American 
settlements in Missouri with the story of their great success it served to 
stimulate such trading excursions on a larger and still larger scale. These 
great trading excursions led to the permanent establishment of the Santa 
Fe Trail and it remained in constant use until superseded by the Atchison, 
Topeka' & Santa Fe Railroad. At first these trading excursions met with 
many hardships at the hands of hostile Indian tribes, who held up and 
plundered the moving parties. This led to the sending out of larger and 
larger trains. The first wagon train that ever passed over this great 
trail made the trip in 1821. Up to this time pack mules had been used 
as a means of carrying the various goods and provisions carried. This 
great highway deserves mention particularly in this history of Leaven- 
worth County because of the fact that a branch of the trail led out of 
this city to the southwest and connected with the main trail. 

Experience very early demonstrated that the use of oxen was best 
in the handling of the heavy freight wagons over these various trails and 
roads, although mules came into very popular use at a later date. 

When oxen were used, the day was usually divided into two drives. 
As soon as early dawn approached, the first drive was started and its 
termination was in a measure decided by the most favorable camping 
place where grass and water were to be found in plenty. About midday 
the wagons were corralled and the oxen were given food. In very hot 
weather the afternoon drive was not ordered until about three or four 
o'clock. On such days the drive often continued until nine or ten o'clock 
in the night. When the oxen were unyoked they were turned over to 
the night herder, who kept watch over them as they went about seeking 
the best grass. As it was only necessary for the herder to keep track 
of the leader of the herd, one man could easily watch over as many as 
three or four hundred head of oxen at night. In the herd on the trail 
there developed, very soon after the start, one animal which all the others 
recognized as a leader. Wherever the leader of the herd went the rest 
usually followed. The night herder always kept track of the leader, and 
frequently got off his mule, drove a peg in the ground to which he 
attached a long rope that allowed the mule some grazing range, rolled 
himself up in his blanket and went to sleep. Sometimes when the grass 



170 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

was poor the leader would wander about a great deal in search of food, 
the rest following and it would be necessary for the herder to be on the 
alert all of the night. If the grass was plentiful the herd would usually 
obtain a sufficient supply in the course of three or four hours and would 
then lie down until morning. At the first appearance of morning the 
night herder would round up the herd and start them for the corral. 
After yoking up the oxen and eating their breakfast the train would move 
away slowly to repeat the operations above mentioned until they had 
reached their destination. 

After the ox teams mule teams were pressed into service. The 
method of handling them was much the same as that of the ox teams. 



CHAPTER VIII 



FORT LEAVENWORTH 



sKI.ECTED BY COL. LEAVENWORTH— BOUNDARIES— DESCRIPTION— BUILDINGS — 

WATER WORKS— SCHOOI CHAPEL AND OTHER BUILDINGS— DURING WORLD 

WAR — A BASE OF SUPPLIES DURING WARS— COMMANDANTS— ARMT SERVICE 
SCHOOL — DISCIPLINARY BARRACKS. 

Leavenworth County and City derive their names from Fort Leaven- 
worth. On March 7, 1827, Col. Henry Leavenworth of the Third United 
States Infantry received orders to take four companies of his regiment 
and ascend the Missouri River. At the time the order was given Col. 
Leavenworth was on duty at Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis. A portion 
of the order in substance was as follows: "And when he reaches a point 
on the left bank near the mouth of the Little Platte River, and within a 
range of eighty miles above its confluence, he will select such a position 
as in his judgment is best calculated for the site of a permanent canton- 
ment. The spot being chosen, he will construct, with the troops of his 
command, comfortable though temporary quarters sufficient for the ac- 
commodation of four companies." 

He proceeded as instructed, carefully explored the region and finding 
no desirable site on the left bank of the river wrote to the department, 
stating that there was a suitable location on the right bank of the river 
within the distance designated and that he had concluded there was no 
other place that would answer the purpose. Early in June before the 
official approval reached him Col. Leavenworth began the erection of 
barracks and named the post Cantonment Leavenworth. On September 
19, 1827, Major General Gains, commanding the Western Department, 
approved the site selected by Col. Leavenworth, which is the present site 
of Fort Leavenworth, and it grew to be the most important military post 



1IZ HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

established by the government in the West. The name was changed to 
Fort Leavenworth February 8, 1832, as all army posts after this date 
were designated as forts. 

The boundaries of the fort were given as follows in the office of the 
adjutant general: 

"It extends from six to seven miles along the Missouri Kiver and 
varies from one to two miles wide, containing about 6,840 acres, on the 
right bank of the river." 

The land was claimed by the Delaware Indians. Later on some 939 
acres of land were added to the reservation on the Missouri side of the 
river. There still exists the old stone wall with its port holes erected 
for a defense against the Indians. Extensive improvements have been 
made at Fort Leavenworth and on the reservation. A paved road con- 
nects the city of Leavenworth with the fort as also does an electric 
railway. 

The fort is a magnificent natural park. To the east lies the Missouri 
River and to the west lies a long ridge of wooded hills. The grounds are 
dotted here and there with fine shade trees. To the southwest of the 
new barracks are golf links and drilling grounds. North of the new 
barracks and south of the old barracks are the west end parade grounds 
used for drilling purposes and athletic events. The National Cemetery 
lies at the foot of the hills on the west. It is a beautiful place covered 
with blue grass and shade trees. Here many illustrious dead lie. The 
graves are orderly arranged and many have monuments ■ showing who 
are buried there. The body of Gen. Henry Leavenworth was removed 
from Delhi, New York, to the cemetery on Memorial Day, 1902. A road 
leads northwest toward Kickapoo at the western terminus of which is 
found a hog ranch, cattle barns and chicken houses OAvned and operated 
by the government. A fine herd of purebred cattle is kept by the 
government. 

Besides the west end parade grounds there is a tract east of head- 
quarters and south of the disciplinary barracks used for drill purposes. 
The fort is laid off in the same manner as a city. Along the streets are 
located officers' residences. They are. fine structures generally built for 
two apartments so that two officers and their families can occupy the 
same building. There is a large hospital facing the west end parade 
grounds on the east. The old barracks are on the north and the one to 
the south, consisting of a double row all built of brick. Just northwest 



-HISTORY OF LE VENWORTH COUNTY 173 

of the electric depot is a magnificent Y. M. C. A. Building, the gift of 
Helen Gould. Standing far out on the golf links is a radio station. 

The first water works consisted of a six mule team and wagon driven 
to the edge of the river and there barrels were filled and distributed to 
the fort. In 1865 a pumping station was erected on the bank of the river 
about a quarter of a mile north of the bridge. Water was pumped from 
there to a large tank situated on Scott Avenue south of Pope Hall holding 
21,000 gallons. From this water was hauled to the various places in 
wagons. Cisterns and wells were also used. In 1883 mains were laid 
from Leavenworth City and Ft. Leavenworth Water Co. and since then 
the water supply has been obtained from this source. 

Metropolitan Avenue is 100 feet wide along the entire length of the 
southern boundary of the reservation. Grant Avenue, commonly known 
as the Fort Road connects the fort with Leavenworth City at Seventh 
Street and Metropolitan Avenue. It formerly connected at Fifth and Met- 
ropolitan Avenue. Sheridan's Drive is along the summit of the bluffs 
forming the western boundary of the post and is used exclusively for 
pleasure. It was named after General Sheridan. 

Prior to 1901 the educational facilities of the post were limited. By 
an act of the Kansas State Legislature all of the military reservation was 
organized into a school district and called District No. 81. The Board of 
County Comissioners compose the school board and it is under the juris- 
dction of the County Superintendent of Leavenworth County. The revenue 
derived for defraying the expenses of the school is obtained by taxes on 
the corporations in the district. The burden falls principally upon the 
railroads and the Leavenworth Water Company. The valuation of all the 
taxable property is about $500,000. Tax on this amount together with 
the State School Fund furnishes ample funds to carry on the school. 
There are five teachers including the principal. There is a well equipped 
school building erected by the government just east of Pope Hall on the 
incline overlooking the Missouri River. 

In 1838 Congress enacted a law authorizing the appointment of chap- 
lains in the United States Army and provided that they serve as school 
teachers. The Rev. Henry Gregory was appointed chaplain at Fort Leaven- 
worth and he established what is known as the first school for white 
children on Kansas soil. 

St. Ignatius Chapel, a Catholic Church edifice, was erected in the 
fall of 1889. The Post Chapel was erected in 1878. The Y. M. C. A. 



174 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

building was built and completed in 1907. It is a most beautiful structure 
without and handsomely furnished within. Helen Gould furnished the 
money to erect the building and was present at the dedication. Pope Hall 
was dedicated in the fall of 1894 and named in honor of Capt. James W. 
Pope. It is an amusement hall used for entertainments. Union Hall was 
constructed in 1871. It was built for a Catholic Church. The Post Hospi- 
tal is a magnificent structure costing about $120,000. The Post Steam 
Laundry was opened for business in September, 1905. The Mess Hall 
was established in March, 1877. The postoffice was erected in 1828. 

In 1917-1918 during the World War new temporary cantonments were 
erected along the Fort Road leading to the post proper. Many troops 
were quartered here and at the regular barracks. Most of the temporary 
buildings are still used for troops. There are at present 960 soldiers at 
the post. 

Fort Leavenworth has been a base of supplies and rendezvous for 
troops and expeditions from the time of its establishment. Gen. Kearney's 
expedition to Santa Fe in 1845 started from here. So also were the expe- 
ditions of Gen. Joseph Lane to Oregon in 1848; Capt. Stansbury to Utah 
in 1849 ; Col. Fremont in 1849. All through the Civil War, the Spanish- 
American War and the World War troops were assembled, sent out and 
returned to be mustered out at Fort Leavenworth. It was the seat of 
government for the Territory of Kansas in 1854, being the only place in 
the territory having buildings convenient for government purposes. 

Commandants of Fort Leavenworth. 

1827-1829, Col. Henry Leavenworth 3d Infantry 

1829, Capt. Bennett Riley. 6th Infantry 

1830, Major William Davenport. 6th Infantry 

1832, Capt. Bennett Riley. 6th Infantry 

1833, Capt. Wm. N. Wickliff 6th Infantry 

1834, Capt. Bennett Riley. 6th Infantry 

1834-1836, Col. Henry Dodge. 1st Dragoons 

1836-1841, Col. Stephen W. Kearney. 1st Dragoons 

1842, Lieut. Col. R. B. Mason. 1st Dragoons 

1843, Col. Stephen W. Kearney. 1st Dragoons 

1844-1845, Maj. Clifton Wharton. 1st Dragoons 

1846-1847, Lieut. Col. Clifton Wharton. 1st Dragoons 

1848, Capt. W. S. Ketchum. 6th Infantry 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 175 

1848, May 2, Lieut. Col. E. V. Sumner. 1st Dragoons 

1850, June 30, Capt. Chas. S. Lovell. 6th Infantry 

1850, Aug. 20, Lieut. Col. Joseph Plymton. 1st Dragoons 

1850, Sept. 6, Maj. Benj. L. Beale. 1st Dragoons 

1850, Oct. 8, Lieut. Col. E. V. Sumner. 1st Dragoons 

1851, March 12, Maj. B. L. Beale. 1st Dragoons 

1853, March 29, Col. T. T. Fauntleroy. 1st Dragoons 

1854, Capt. F. E. Hunt. 4th Artillery 

(McCown Hunt, of 421 Chestnut Street, is his son.) 

1855, Lieut. Col. Phil. St. George Cooke. 2nd Cavalry 

1856, Col. E. V. Sumner. 1st Dragoons 

1856, July 12. Capt. Thomas J. Wood. 1st Cavalry 

1856, July 28, Lieut. Col. Joseph E. Johnston. 1st Cavalry 

1856, Aug. 21, Capt. S. D. Sturgis. 1st Cavalry 

1856, Sept. 21, Capt. Thomas Hendrickson. 6th Infantry 

1856, Oct. 13, Col. E. V. Sumner. 

1857, Oct. 12, Gen. W. S. Harney. 

1857, Oct. 27, Col. Francis S. Belton. 

1858, Jan. 31, Gen. W. S. Harney. 

1858, May 15, Maj. Thomas W. Sherman. 3rd Artillery 

1858, May 16, Lieut. Col. John Munroe. 4th Artillery 

1859, June 15, Col. T. Dimmick. 

1859, Nov. 14, Capt. Horace Brooks. 2nd Artillery 

1859, Dec. 19, Lieut. Col. John Blankhead Magruder 2nd Artillery 

1860, Sept. 3, Capt. W. F. Barry 2nd Artillery 

1860, Oct. 2, Capt. Horace Brooks. 2nd Artillery 

I860, Oct. 27, Col. John Blankhead Magruder. 

1860, Oct. 31, Capt. Horace Brooks. 2nd Artillery 

1861, Feb. 3, Capt. William Steel. 2nd Dragoons 

April 30, Dixon S. Mills. 2nd Infantry 

May 23, Capt. Alfred Sully 2nd Infantry 

May 31, Maj. Delos B. Sackett. 1st Cavalry 

June 12, Maj. S. D. Sturgis. 1st Cavalry 

June 21, Maj. William E. Prince. 3rd Infantry 

1862, June 11, Lieut. Col. J. T. Burris 8th Kansas Cavalry 

1863, Dec. 24, Col. C. R. Jennison. 15th Kansas Cavalry 

1864, July 7, Col. J. A. Goodwin. 138th 111. Vol. Infantry 

Sept. 27, Lieut. Col. W. R. Davis. 16th Kansas Cavalry 



176 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

1865, April 27, Lieut. Col. Heinrichs. 16th Kansas Cavalry 

June 27, Col. A. P. Carahar 2nd U. S. Vol. Cavalry 

Sept. 14, Lieut. Col. Rufus E. Fleming 6th. W. Va. Cavalry 

Sept. 23, Maj. Win. Clinton. 13th Infantry 

Nov. 20, Col. Isaac V. D. Reeve. 13th Infantry 

1866-1867, Col. Wm. Hoffman. 3rd Infantry 

1868, April 9, Maj. Alfred Gibbs. 1 7th Cavalry 

Sept. 10, Maj. Henry S. Huntington. 

Oct. 7, Capt. H. C. Hasbrouck. 4th Artillery 

J 869, March 26, Capt. W. M. Graham. 4th Artillery 

April 22, Capt. Simon Snyder. 5th Infantry 

June 13, Lieut. Col. W. H. Lidell. 10th Infantry 

Oct. 22 to April 2, 1871, Col. S. D. Sturgis. 7th Cavalry 

1871, April 2, Capt. Dangerfield Parker. 3rd Infantry 

April 7, to July 12, 1876, Col. Nelson A. Miles 5th Infantry 

1876, July 22, Capt. W. Lyman. 5th Infantry 

July 22, Capt. A. C. Wildrick. 2nd Cavalry 

Dec. 20, to Feb. 5> 1878, Col. Jefferson C. Davis 23rd Infantry 

1878, Feb. 5, Lieut. Col. R. I. Dodge. 23rd Infantry 

May 19, Col. Jefferson C. Davis. 23rd Infantry 

Jan. 27, Capt. George W. Randall. _" 23rd Infantry 

Feb. 20, Col. C. H. Smith. 19th Infantry 

1881, to June, 1885, Col. E. S. Otis. 20th Infantry 

1885-1886, Col. Thomas H. Rusrer. 18th Infantry 

1886, to June, 1890, Col. A. McDowell McCook. 6th Infantry 

1890, to Sept., 1894, Col. E. F. Townsend. 12th Infantry 

1894, to April, 1898, Col. H. S. Hawkins. 20th Infantry 

1898, Maj. J. A. Augur. 4th Cavalry 

1899, Maj. J. J. O'Connell. 1st Infantry 

1900, Lieut. Col. J. M. Lee. 6th Infantry 

1902, Col. Charles W. Miner. 6th Infantry 

1903, Brig. Gen. J. Franklin Bell. 

1904, Col. J. W. Duncan. 6th Infantry 

1905, Col. Charles B. Hall. 18th Infantry 

1906, Lieut. Col. Wm. Paulding. 18th Infantry 

1907, Col. R. H. R. Loughbourough. 13th Infantry 

1907, Col. Thomas F. Davis. 18th Infantry 

1909, Jan. 1 to Aug. 23, Col. R. H. R. Loughbourough. 

Aug. 24 to Oct. 11, Lieut. Col. Nichols. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 177 

1909, Oct. 11 to Dec. 31, 1910 to March 8, 1911, Col. R. H. R. Loughbour- 

ough. 
1911, March 9 to April 20, Capt. James R. Lindsey. 

April 1 to July 8, Maj. M. J. Lenihan. 

July 9 to Sept. 30, Col. Loughborough. 

1911, Oct. 1 to Dec. 81, Jan. 15, 1912, Maj. M. J. Lenihan. 

1912, Jan. 16 to Feb. 23, 1913, Col. Daniel Cornman. 

1913, Feb. 24 to Oct. 6, Capt. Johnston. 
Oct. 7 to Nov. 8, Capt. Martin. 
Nov. 9 to Dec. 10, Capt. P. Mawry. 
Dec. 11 to Dec. 22, Capt. J. F. Barnes. 

1913, Dec. 22 to April 28, 1914, Capt. C. C. Smith. 

1914, April 29 to Aug. 21, Lieut. W. P. Burnham. 
1914, Aug. 22 to March 29, 1916, Colonel Roberts. 

1916, March 30 to June 23, Capt. H. E. Comstock, Q. M. C. 

1916, June 24 to May 26, 1917, Capt. A. B. Warfield. 

1917, May 27 to June 4, Capt. Emerson Eng. 
1917, June 5 to June 22, Lieut. Col. M. L. Walker. 
1917, June 23 to June 4, 1919, Col. Wm. A. Shunk. 
1919, June 5 to July 31, Col. Charles Gerhardt. 

1919, Aug. 1 to Aug. 27, 1920, Maj. Gen. C. H. Muin. 

1920, Aug. 28 to Sept. 1, Brig. Gen. H. E. Ely. 
1920, Sept. 2 to Sept. 4, Col. F. L. Munson 
1920, Sept. 5 to Sept. 20, Col. L. R. Holbrook. 

1920, Sept. 20 to present time, Brig. Gen. H. A. Drum. 

The Army Service School. — The Army Service School was organized 
in 1881. It is a large stone building consisting of four halls, namely: 
Grant, Sherman, Sheridan and Wagner. It is located near the river bank 
north and west of the bridge. Wagner Hall is the library over which Col. 
Ezra B. Fuller has charge. The other three halls are devoted to offices, 
recitation rooms and other purposes connected with the school. A large 
clock is located in the tower over Grant Hall. Among the subjects taught 
are: Military Organization, Field Engineering, Tactics, Solution of Prob- 
lems, Combat Orders, Discussion of Problems, Map Manuevers, Strategy, 
Military History, Care of Troops, Care of Animals, Military Intelligence, 
Leadership, Laws of War, Methods of Training. 

The first class was graduated in 1883 and consisted of thirty-five 
members. The class of 1916 consisted of thirty-two members. The Army 

(8) 



178 HISTORY OP LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Staff College is located in the Service School as is also the Army Signal 
School. Theses bring to the post every year a large number of army 
officers for training and as instructors. The following is a list of the Com- 
mandants of the school: 

Otis, E. S., Col., 20th Infantry Nov., 1881 to June, 1885 

Ruger, T. H., Col., 18th Infantry June, 1885 to May, 1886 

McCook, A. McD., Col., 6th Infantry May, 1886 to Aug., 1890 

Townsend, E. F., Col., 12th Infantry Aug., 1890 to Oct., 1894 

Hawkins, H. S., Col., 20th Infantry Oct., 1894 to Apral, 1898 

Miner, C. W., Col., 6th Infantry Sept., 1902 to June, 1903 

Bell, J. F., Brig. Gen., U. S. Army July, 1903 to June, 1906 

Hall, C. B., Brig. Gen., U. S. Army Aug., 1906 to April, 1908 

Morrison, J. F., Maj., 20th Infantry April, 1908 to Aug., 1908 

Funston, Fred, Brig. Gen., U. S. Army Aug., 1908 to Jan., 1911 

Potts, R. D., Brig. Gen., U. S. Army Jan., 1911 to Feb., 1913 

Burnham, W. P., Lieut. Col, Infantry Feb., 1913 to Aug., 1914 

Greene, H. A., Brig. Gen., U. S. Army Sept., 1914 to Aug., 1916 

Swift, Eden, Brig. Gen. U. S. Army Aug., 1916 to , 1917 

Shunk, Wm. A., Col , 1917 to , 1919 

Muir, C. H., Maj. Gen July 1, 1919 to Sept. 1, 1920 

Drum, H. A., Brig. Gen Sept. 1, 1920 to date 

United States Disciplinary Barracks. — The United State Disciplinary 
Barracks is a post separate and distinct from Fort Leavenworth and is 
managed by a Commandant, an officer of the United States Army. It was 
formerly called the Military Prison. The first buildings were erected 
in 1874-1875. The walls, which inclose about seven acres of ground, are 
from fifteen feet to thirty feet high, five and one-half feet thick at the 
base and two and one-half feet at the top. There are confined within the 
walls 1,559 prisoners and 110 on parole. Those who are convicted of 
violating the military law and all who have been convicted of charges not 
greater than a felony by the laws of the Federal Government are confined 
at this prison. The prison was discontinued in 1895 and continued again 
in 1906, during which time the Federal Penitentiary was located here. 
In 1906 the Federal Penitentiary was moved to its present location as 
is shown elsewhere. The farm is operated by the prisoners as is also 
the hog ranch, dairy, chicken ranch, brick plant and many and various 
trades inside the prison. It was here that many conscientious objectors, 
slackers and alien enemies were confined during the World War. Trades 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 179 

and occupations of all kinds are taught the prisoners. There is a dry 
cleaning plant, dye house, harness shop, shoe shop, tailor shop, laundry, 
salvage department, building department, farm, rock quarries, saw mill, 
brick plant, machine and blacksmith shop, carpenter and paint shop, broom 
shop, plumbing shop, electric shop, tin shop, road construction, ice plant. 
In these various departments the men are employed. On being restored 
prisoners are allowed to re-enlist in the Army. Any valuables he may 
have had are returned to him at his discharge together with a small 
amount of money and transportation to his former home. About all the 
building work around the prison is done by the prisoners with the aid of 
overseers. While under strict discipline they receive manly and consider- 
ate treatment. They are drilled in the manual of arms and calisthenics. 
Any Friday they may be seen drilling on the parade grounds. It has been 
said that they are the best drilled men outside of West Point. 

The Prisoners Conference Committee was in effect in 1919. This 
committee incited the prison body to make extraordinary demands on the 
Commandant on July 22, 1919. Among them were the following: 

1. A general amnesty for all military prisoners and that a telegram 
be sent to President Wilson demanding same. 

2. Better mess, that the prisoners take over the mess. 

3. Better living conditions, more time for mess and two issues of 
tobacco per week. 

There was a general mutiny following. The committee was abolished 
and the prisoners locked in their cell wings on bread and water diet. The 
prisoners set fire to the Barracks Exchange and about all the buildings 
were destroyed. The fire started at night and there was ample oppor- 
tunity for the prisoners to escape but when morning came not one was 
missing. 

The following have been Commandants of the Prison or Disciplinary 
Barracks : 

Gen. Thomas Francis Barr, U. S. Army 1871 

(Known as the father of the U. S. Military Prison.) 

Major James M. Robertson (first Commandant) 1875 to 1877 

Major Asa Peabody Blunt June, 1877 to Dec. 1, 1887 

Col. James Worden Pope Jan. 1, 1888 to June 30, 1895 

Lieut. Col. George S. Young Feb. 1, 1906 to June, 1908 

Major Thomas H. Slavens June, 1908 to Jan. 12, 1914 

Col. H. J. Slocum Jan. 13, 1914 to Aug. 31, 1914 



180 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Frank A. Barton, Cavalry Sept. 1, 1914 to Dec. 19, 1914 

Col. Sedgwick Rice Dec. 20, 1914 to Aug. 26, 1919 

Brig. Gen. J. H. McRae Aug. 26, 1909 to Sept. 4, 1920 

Col. Malvern-Hill Barum Sept. 4, 1920 to present time 



CHAPTER IX 



ORGANIZATION OF COUNTY. 



TERRITORIAL ACT OF 1855— BOUNDARIES DEFINED— TOWNSHIPS ORGANIZED- 
COURT HOUSE— COUNTY OFFICERS. 

The First Territorial Legislature of 1855 formed Leavenworth County. 
Under Section 27 of the Territorial Act the boundaries were as follows: 
Beginning at a point on the southern boundary of Atchison County due 
north of a point four miles west of Dawson's crossing of the Fort Riley 
road, on Stranger Creek ; thence due south to the main channel of Kansas 
River; thence down said channel to where said channel crosses the chan- 
nel of the Missouri River ; thence up said channel of the Missouri, to the 
southeast corner of Atchison County ; thence along the southern boundary 
to the place of beginning. 

The boundaries as then defined included the present county of Wyan- 
dotte. January 29, 1859 the Territorial Legislature Wyandotte County 
was detached and formed into a separate county, leaving Leavenworth 
County essentially as it now exists. 

The General Statutes of Kansas for 1915 defines the boundaries as 
follows : Beginning at the southeast corner of Atchison County ; thence 
west with the south boundary of Atchison County, to the corner of sec- 
tions twenty-one, twenty-two, twenty-seven and twenty-eight, of township 
seven south, of range twenty east; thence south with the section lines 
between the third and fourth tiers of sections, to the middle of the main 
channel of the Kansas River; thence down said Kansas River, in the 
middle of the main channel thereof, to the intersection with range line 
between ranges twenty-two and twenty-three east; thence north on said 
range line to the old Delaware reserve line, the same being the dividing 
line between the original Delaware reservation and Delaware trust lands; 



182 HISTORY OF LFAVENWORTH COUNTY 

thence east with said reserve line, to the western boundary line of the 
state of Missouri; thence northerly with said boundary line of the state 
of Missouri, to the place of beginning. 

It is bounded on the north by Atchison County; east by Missouri 
River and Wyandotte County; south by Wyandotte County and the 
Kansas River; and west by Jefferson County and Douglas County. 

The Board of Supervisors of Leavenworth County met February 10, 
1859, at 10 o'clock a. in. and adopted the following resolution: 

Resolved, By the Board that from and after the 28th day of Febru- 
ary A. D. 1859, the County of Leavenworth be and is hereby set off and 
organized as follows: 

Easton Township. — "All of Fractional Township number seven south 
range number twenty east and the west half of fractional township num- 
ber seven south range number twenty-one east, and so much of township 
number eight south range number twenty east, and of the west half of 
township number eight south range number twenty-one east, as lies north 
of the section lines dividing sections 27 and 34, 26 and 35, and 25 and 36 
in T. 8, R. 20 and sections 30 and 31, 29 and 32, and 28 and 33, in T. 8, 
R. 21, to constitute the township of Easton." 

Kickapoo Township. — "The east half of fractional township number 
seven south, range number twenty-one east, and fractional township num- 
ber seven south of range number twenty-two and twenty-three east, also 
so much of the east half of township number eight south, range number 
twenty-one east, as lies north of the section lines dividing sections 27 and 
34, 26 and 35, 25 and 36 and of fractional township number eight south, 
range number twenty-two east as lies north of the section line dividing 
sections 30 and 31, 29 and 32, and 28 and 33 to constitute the township 
of Kickapoo." 

Leavenworth Township. — "All of fractional townships number eight 
and nine south of range number twenty-two and twenty-three east em- 
braced within the corporation of Leavenworth City and the Leavenworth 
Military Reserve, to constitute the township of Leavenworth." 

Delaware Township. — "So much of the east half of township num- 
ber nine and ten south of range number twenty-two east and fractional 
townships number nine and ten south of range number twenty-three east 
as lie south of Leavenworth City and north of the Delaware Reserve line, 
to constitute the township of Delaware." 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 183 

Stranger Township. — "Sections 34 and 35, and 36 of township number 
eight south, range number twenty-one and sections numbers 31, 32 and 
33 of township number eight south, range number twenty-two east and 
the east half of township number nine south, range number twenty-one 
and the west half of township number nine south, range number twenty- 
two east, and so much of east half of township number ten south, range 
number twenty-one east and of the west half of township number ten 
south, number twenty-two east as lies north of the Delaware Reserve and 
all of the Delaware Reserve lying east of Stranger Creek and west of the 
range line dividing ranges number 22 and 23 to constitute the township 
of Stranger." 

Alexandria Township. — "Sections 34, 35 and 36 of townships num- 
ber eight south, range number twenty-one east and the east half of 
township number nine south of range number twenty east, and the west 
half of township number nine south, range number twenty-one east, frac- 
tional sections 1, 2, and 3 of township number ten south, range number 
twenty, and fractional sections 4, 5 and 6 of township number ten south, 
range number twenty-one east, and so much of the Delaware Reserve as 
lies within the county south of the Reserve line and west of Stranger 
Creek to constitute the township of Alexandria." 

Tonganoxie Township. — Tonganoxie Township was organized on 
April 1, 1867, with the following boundaries: Commencing at the north- 
east corner of section number nine (9), township ten (10), range twenty- 
one (21), and running thence due west along the section lines dividing 
sections 4 and 9, 5 and 8, 6 and 7, range 21, and sections 1 and 12, 2 and 11, 
and 3 and 10, range 20, to the county line of Jefferson County; thence 
southward along the line between the said county of Jefferson and the 
county of Leavenworth to the southern boundary of the county of Leaven- 
worth on the Kansas River; thence eastwardly along the southern boun- 
dary of Leavenworth County To the present line between the townships 
of Alexandria and Stranger, both of the county of Leavenworth; thence 
northwardly along the said line between Alexandria and Stranger town- 
ships to the place of beginning." 

Fairmount Township. — Fairmount Township was organized on July 1, 
1867, with the following boundaries: Commencing at the northwest cor- 
ner of section ten, township ten, range twenty-two, and running thence 
south following section lines about five miles; thence west to the north- 
west corner of section three, township eleven, range twenty-two; thence 



184 HISTORY OP LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

south following section lines about ten miles to the banks of the Kansas 
River; thence eastwardly following the banks of said Kansas River about 
three miles and a half to a point where said river intersects the line 
dividing ranges twenty-two and twenty-three; thence north following said 
range about nine and a fourth miles, to the northwest corner of section 
six, township eleven, range twenty-three; thence east to the southwest 
corner of section thirty-one, township ten, range twenty-three; thence 
north following section lines about five miles to the northeast corner of 
section twelve, township ten, range twenty-two ; thence west following 
section lines about three miles to the place of beginning. 

High Prairie Township. — High Prairie Township was organized on 
September 16, 1867, as follows: All that part of Stranger Township lying 
north of. the section lines dividing sections 4 and 9, 5 and 8, 6 and 7, in 
township ten, ranges twenty-one and twenty-two and sections 1 and 12, 
2 and 11, and 3 and 10, in township ten, range twenty-one was declared 
to be a new and distinct township known as High Prairie Township. 

Reno Township. — Reno Township was organized on January 4, 1869, 
with boundaries as follows : To be taken from the territory of Tonganoxie 
Township to be bounded as follows: Beginning at the southwest corner 
of section twenty-two, township, eleven, range twenty, and running east on 
the section line bet-ween sections 22 and 27, 23 and 26, 24 and 25, 19 and 
30, 20 and 29, 21 and 28, thence south commencing at the northeast cor- 
ner of section 28 and running on the section line between sections 28 and 
■27, 33 and 34, 4 and 3, 9 and 10, 16 and 15, 21 and 22 to the Kansas River; 
thence by said river to the east boundary line of Douglas County ; thence 
north by the dividing line between Douglas and Jefferson and Leaven- 
worth counties to the place of beginning. 

Sherman Township. — Sherman Township was organized on January 
4, 1869, with boundaries as follows: To be taken from the territories of 
Stranger and Fairmount Townships as follows: Commencing at the 
northwest corner of section thirty-four, township eleven, and range twen- 
ty-one, thence east on the section lines between sections 27 and 34, 26 
and 35, 25 and 36, 30 and 31. 29 and 32, 28 and 33, 27 and 34, 26 and 35, 
25 and 36, to the west boundary line of Wyandotte County; thence south 
by the boundary line between Wyandotte and Leavenworth County to the 
Kansas River; thence west by the Kansas River to the southeast corner 
of Reno Township; thence north by the east boundary line of Reno town- 
ship to the place of beginning. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 185 

Later on a strip one section wide was taken from Stranger Township 
and added to Fairmount Township, making the townships of Fairmount 
and Stranger conform to the present boundaries. With this change the 
various townships attained the boundaries which they have at the pres- 
ent time. 

Court House. — After the removal of the county seat from Kickapoo 
to Leavenworth the county offices were located at the northwest corner 
of Third and Delaware streets where they remained during some time 
and then removed to the City Hall at the northeast comer of Fifth and 
Shawnee streets, remaining there for many years. April 22, 1858, Jere- 
miah Clark offered the county part of the present site of the court house, 
under the following proposal : 

"To the Board of Supervisors for the County of Leavenworth K. T. 
Gentlemen: I have the honor to submit the following proposition for 
your consideration. I hereby propose to donate to the County of Leaven- 
worth, in perpetuity, the following described tract of land, viz.: The 
East half of Block Thirteen (13) known as Court Square lying 300 feet 
on Third street by 180 feet on Central avenue, and Walnut street, exclu- 
sively for the purpose of being occupied, as the site for Court House, 
public offices and such buildings as the county may require. 
Respectfully Your Obt. Servant, 

JEREMIAH CLARK." 

On May 18, 1858, the board accepted the proposition of Jeremiah 
Clark in the following resolution: 

"Resolved by the Board, That the proposition of Jeremiah Clark, 
Esq., be and is hereby accepted, and that the County Attorney be requested 
to draw up a title deed to the land named in said proposition." 

On June 9, 1858, John G. Haskell was appointed architect of the court 
house and that the building when complete to be of the dimensions of 
about 100 by 200 feet in three wings, surmounted by a dome or tower 
and to cost about $100,000, the middle wing about 60 by 100 to be built at 
once with accommodations for jail in the basement at a cost of about 
$35,000. 

On Monday, October 8, 1860, deed was received from Jeremiah Clark 
and Florinda Clark, his wife, for the east half of block thirteen (13) 300 
feet front on Third street by 180 feet deep in Clark & Reese Addition, 
Leavenworth City, County and Territory of Kansas. The deed was ac- 



186 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

cepted, approved and filed in the Recorder's Office. The other half of the 
said block was purchased for $9,200 from John Halderman and deed ac- 
cepted June 21, 1869. 

Although bonds were voted for the court house in June, 1858, it was 
not till February, 1873, that the structure was completed. It was built 
of red brick, with stone trimmings, and consisted of three stories and a 
basement. It had a lofty tower in which was situated a fine clock giving 
forth the time to many passers by. It was one of the most attractive 
court house buildings in the West. It would not be far wrong to value 
the court house property at $200,000.00, including the building proper, 
clock, fixtures, furniture and the site. Its situation commands one of the 
grandest views to the city of Leavenworth, the Missouri River to the 
east and the surrounding country. It was occupied by the county offices 
in 1873 and continued to be used as such till March, 1911. 

On the morning of March 22, 1911, the court house burned. It was 
reduced to ruins except the walls which remained standing. On these 
walls was afterwards built the present structure. Owing to the strong 
vaults very few of the records were destroyed. There was $81,000 insur- 
ance on the court house and $2,000 on the furniture. 

Steps were immediately taken by the County Board for rebuilding 
the court house. On June 24th, John G, Barnes was awarded the con- 
tract for removing the debris from the ruins of the old building at the 
price of $1,668 less $168 for the old material. 

On July 31st W. P. Feth was appointed architect for the new Leav- 
enworth County Court House. He was instructed to immediately pre- 
pare plans for the building. 

Architect W. P. Feth made his report on plans which was in sub- 
stance as follows: 

The building on the exterior to be faced with stone, porticoes on four 
sides, windows to be increased in size, and the exterior design to be as 
shown by the sketch. Interior, the rooms to be changed as shown on 
sketch with enlarged vaults, the building made fire-proof throughout, 
terrazzo floor in corridor and concrete floors in offices, wood doors and trim, 
steam heat, plumbing and electric wiring. The building as described will 
cost approximately $96,000. 

The contract for the erection of the present court house was awarded 
to J. B. Betts of Topeka, Kansas, for the sum of $100,189. September 
14, 1912, contract for hardware for the court house was awarded to A. J. 
Atwater Hardware Company for $697.00. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 187 

January 13, 1912, the county board awarded the contract for furni- 
ture to the Wollaiger Manufacturing Company for $10,500 which included 
marble fronts for recorder's office, county clerk, county treasurer, sheriff 
and clerk of the district court, also battleship linoleum for all counter tops 
and desks. 

It is noted that the board ordered changes made in the original con- 
tract with Mr. Betts and they are as follows, being made on December 
7, 1912: 

Concrete columns changed to Pheniz cut stone with a difference in 
price of $6,608. 

Where concrete floors are specified change to terrazo with added cost 
of $3,000. 

Extra window in office of clerk of district court with added price 
of $40.00. 

Extra marble treds and rises in toilet rooms price additional, $169.00. 

Change in steel beams north and south porticos additional price of 
$205.00. 

Extra vault doors in treasurer's and clerk's office added cost of $25.00. 
This made a total additional cost of the building over the original con- 
tract of $10,047. 

The total cost of the court house, additional grounds, etc., was as 
follows : 

J. B. Betts, contract for erection $110,915.75 

Tholen Bros., heating and plumbing 10,022.30 

Tholen Bros., electric light and fixtures 1,800.00 

C. L. Lord, electric wiring and phone conduit 1,666.15 

Wollaeger Mnfg. Co., furniture 10,516.10 

J. G. Barnes, removing debris 1,668.00 

Inspecting old walls, McGonigle and others 150.00 

F. E." Hinds, clerk of works 1,285.00 

McCune, for grading grounds 272.42 

W. P. Feth, architect fees 4,756.82 

G. A. R. Hall, grounds 1,897.00 

Duffy property and car barn 1,900.00 

Total $146,849,54 



188 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

County Boards. — The following are the various members of the county 
boards and the dates of their entrance into office: 

Board of County Commissioners — John A. Halderman, September 7, 
1855, resigned May 1, 1857; J. M. Hall, September 7, 1855, died in office 
May 31, 1857; Matthew R. Walker, September 7, 1855, resigned May 13, 
1857; William Franklin, May 13, 1857; George W. Perkins, May 18, 1857; 
Josiah Elliott, December 3, 1857 ; Charles Starns, December 21, 1857. 

Board of Supervisors — Samuel F. Few, April 2, 1858; George Rupell, 
April 2. 1858; John W. Penoyer, April 2, 1858; George Dickinson. April 
2, 1858; John Freeland, August 9, 1858; E. F. Stafford, August 9, 1858; 
(in place of Penoyer) Sampson Miller, September 2, 1858; (in place of 
Few), Alfred Gray, December 8, 1858. 

On April 2, 1859. the Board of Comity Supervisors was reorganized 
and was composed of the following members: John Freeland, Kickapoo 
Township; R. C. Foster, Delaware Township; Thomas A. Gwartney, Eas- 
ton Township; George Dickinson, Alexandria Township; Henry B. Kel- 
ler, Stranger Township; H. B. Denman, Leavenworth City, Mayor; Elijah 
Hughe?, Leavenworth City, Councilman; I. W. Morris, Leavenworth City, 
Councilman; John C. Tarr, Leavenworth City, Councilman. 

On March 30, 1860, the County Board of Supervisors ceased to exist 
and adjourned sine die. 

Board of County Commissioners — Edward Stevenson, Chairman, 
April 2, 1860; Marion Todd, April 2, 1860; John M. Gallagher, April 2, 
1860; Frederick Wellhouse, Chairman, January, 1862; Roger F. Kelly, 
January. 1862; Alexander Harlow, January, 1862; E. W. Baird, January, 
1864; Thomas Kincaid, January, 1864; C. N. Palmer, January, 1864; Will- 
iam T. Marion, January, 1866; William Dunlap, January, 1866; C. N. 
Palmer, January, 1866; John Hannon, January, 1868; George B. Hines, 
January, 1868; J. P. Curran, January, 1868; A. J. McMannas, January, 
1868; John W. Broaddus, January, 1868; R. H. Davis, January, 1868; B. B. 
Moore, January, 1868; William Crowder, January, 1868; John C. Gist. 
January, 1868 ; W. P. Burney, January, 1868 ; R. C. Foster, January, 1868 ; 
Benjamin Harrod, January, 1868; John Hannon, January, 1870, First 
Ward; G. B. Hines, January, 1870, Second Ward; Cyrus Hicks. January, 
1870, Third Ward ; P. J. McMamius, January, 1870, Fourth Ward ; Charles 
H. Chapin, January, 1870, Alexandria Township; J. F. Miller, January. 
1870, Delaware Township; J. Thomburg. January, 1870, Easton Town- 
ship; O. S. Hiatt January, 1870, Fairmount Township; J. T. McWirt, Janu- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 189 

ary, 1870, High Prairie Township; Charles Spencer, January, 1870, Kick- 
apoo Township; A. A. Harrison, January, 1870, Stranger Township; John 
Jewett, January, 1870, Sherman Township; J. W. Murphy, January, 1870, 
Tonganoxie Township; J. E. Eaton, January, 1870, Reno Township; W. S. 
Plummer, January, 1872 ; John Wilson, January, 1872 ; Enos Hook, Janu- 
ary, 1872; Gottlieb Geiger, January, 1872; C .W. Spencer, January, 1872; 
O. S. Hiatt, January, 1872; A. C. Williams, January, 1872; John Hannon, 
January, 1874, Nineteenth District; John Wilson, January, 1874, Twenti- 
eth District; Enos Hook, January, 1874, Twenty-first District; J. McCor- 
mick, January, 1874, Twenty-second District; W. F. Ashby, January, 
1874, Twenty-third District; J. G. Mclntyre, January, 1874, Twenty- 
fourth District; James Pickens, January, 1874, Twenty-fifth District; 
B. S. Richards, January, 1876; E. W. Lucas, January, 1876; John Van 
Winkle, January, 1876 (commissioners at large) ; H. C. Squires, January, 
1878, District No. 1 ; B. S. Richards, January, 1878, District No. 2 ; James 
Pickens, January, 1878, District No. 3; B. S. Richards, re-elected Novem- 
ber 4, 1879, from Second District ; H. W. Rice, elected November 2, 1880, 
from Third District; H. C. Squires, re-elected November 8. 1881, from 
First District; L. Michael, elected November 7, 1882, from Second Dis- 
trict; J. M. Phinicie, elected November 6, 1883, from Third District, in 
office till first Monday in January, 1899 ; H. C. Squires, re-elected Novem- 
ber 4, 1884, from First District; John Hannon, elected November 3, 1885, 
from Second District, in office till January, 1895 ; J. M. Phinicie, re-elected 
November 2, 1886, from Third District; H. C. Squires, re-elected Novem- 
ber 8, 1887, from First District, in office till first Monday in January, 1891 ; 
John Hannon, re-elected November 6, 1888, from Second District; J. M. 
Phinicie, re-elected November 5, 1889, from Third District; R. C. Mullins, 
elected November 4, 1890, from First District, in office till second Monday 
in January, 1903; John Hannon, re-elected November 3, 1891, from Sec- 
ond District; Jacob Rodenhaus, elected November 6, 1894, from Second 
District; Frank O'Donnell, elected November 2, 1897, from Second Dis- 
trict; Joseph Bleakley, elected November 8, 1898, from Third District, re- 
signed 1910, and Moses Harvey appointed to fill vacancy till first Monday 
in January, 1911 ; Stephen Naeher, elected November 6, 1920, from Second 
District, in office till first Monday in January, 1905 ; M. C. Kennedy, elected 
November 4, 1902, from First District, in office till first Monday in Janu- 
ary, 1911 ; Harold C. Short, elected November 8, 1904, from First District, 
in office till first Monday in January, 1913 ; John Bollin, elected November 



190 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



8, 1910, from First District, in office till first Monday in January, 1915; 
S. H. Ward, elected November 8, 1910, from Third District; Robert E. 
Davis, elected November 5, 1912, from Second District; George Roe, 
elected November 3, 1914, from First District, present incumbent; Har- 
old C. Short, elected November, 1916, from Second District, present incum- 
bent ; Ernest Eberth, elected November, 1916, present incumbent. 

County Clerks — James M. Lyle, September 7, 1855; D. J. Johnson, 
June 25, 1857 ; H. B. C. Harris, October 19, 1857 ; William Perry, January 
5, 1858; H. C. Fields, April 2, 1858; James H. Churchill, January 18, 1860; 
August Gates, January 1, 1862; S. J. Darrah, second Monday in January, 
1866; Oliver Diefendorf, second Monday in January, 1868; A. B. Keller, 
second Monday in January, 1872; Oliver Diefendorf, second Monday in 
January, 1874; Oliver Diefendorf, second Monday in January, 1876; J. W. 
Niehaus, second Monday in January, 1878, to second Monday in January, 
1911 ; Jesse A. Hall, second Monday in January, 1911, to second Monday in 
January, 1915; Joseph E. Voorhees, second Monday in January, 1915, 
(present incumbent). 



Probate Judge. 

John A. Halderman 1856-1861 

George W. Perkins 1861-1862 

David J. Brewer 1862-1864 

Peter McFarland 1864-1866 

James Ketner 1866-1868 

S. B. Williams 1868-1870 

Richard R. Rees 1870-1876 

Newton Mann 1876-1878 

Oliver Diefendorf 1878-1880 

Newton Mann 1880-1882 

Laurens Hawn 1882-1904 

Thomas Johnson 1904-1916 

Win. P. Wettig 1916- 

present time 

Clerk District Court. 

James A. Burton 1858-1860 

William Shepperd 1860-1862 

John E. Blaine 1862-1864 

Edward Carroll 1864-1866 

Henry Carney 1866-1868 



H. J. Dennis 1868-1870 

Julius Haug 1870-1874 

H. J. Dennis 1874-1876 

McCown Hunt 1876-1882 

John Rohr 1882-1886 

C. W. Curtan 1886-1890 

J. W. Brandon 1890-1892 

H. E. Abry ____1892-1896 

James Gray 1896-1900 

Frank J. Ryan 1900-1906 

R. G. McFarland 1906-1910 

C. C. Smith 1910-1914 

Grace Fisher 1914- 

present time 



Horace Dunlap 1861-1866 

Thomas Stewart 1866- 

VlcCown Hunt 1910-1912 

W. H. Courtney 1912-1914 

(Abolished in 1914) 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



191 



Coroner. 

Richard R. Rees 1856-1864 

Joseph F. Smith 1857-1861 

Luke P. Stiles 1861-1864 

S. B. Williams 1861-1864 

L. P. Stiles 1864-1867 

A. C. VanDuyne 1867-1869 

S. B. Williams 1869-1873 

A. Brown 1873-1875 



John McKee 1875-1876 

J. C. Lynch 1876-1877 

E. F. Quinn 1877-1890 

J. L. Hamilton 1890-1891 

J. F. McGill 1891-1893 

H. W. Koohler 1893-1898 

C. C. Smith 1898-1902 

James C. Davis 1902-1910 

H. T. Madison 1910-1916 



Register of Deeds 

1861 
V. S. Van Doren 

H. C. Keller 
John Wolkiewicz 


County Supt. 
David J. Bruner 

1858 

Geo. E. Rudington 
James Taylor 

1860 
James S. McGill 

J. G. Reaser 
W. W. Bloss 
3. L. Baldridge 
3. L. Baldridge 

H. D. McCarty 


Surveyor 

1855 
John P. Thompson 

1857 
Bennett Burnam 

1858 
Powell Clayton 
John J. Bailey 
John M. McCarthy 

1861 
vVilliam H. Godwin 

John McCarthy 

D. Toohey 

E. I. Farnsworth 


County Attorney 

James McCahon 

1861 

Thomas P. Fenlen 

1862 

1864 
H. W. Ide 
1865 

1866 

Thomas P. Fenlen 

1867 

1868 ' 
David J. Brewer 


Treasurer 

1855 
M. P. Rively 

1857 
Daniel Tibbets 

William Tholen 

H. L. Pennock 

E. McCrillus 
E. McCrillus 


Sheriff 

1855 
Green D. Todd 

1856 
3. W. Tunnell 

1857 
Wm. H. Elliott 

W. H. Golden 

Alexander Repine 

John McKee 
Peter McFarland 



Register of Deeds 

C. C. Mast 
C. C. Mast 
J. Rohr 

John Rohr 

Wm. Crowder 

C. W. Curtain 


County Supt. 

J. P. Bauserman 

* 

J. P. Bauserman 
W. H. Bradshaw 
A. R. Van Earn an 
A. R. Van Eman 
R. B. Soper 


Surveyor 
S. P. McCrary 

D. S. Morrill 


E. Diefendorf 

E. Burwell 
D. N. Barnes 


County Attorney 
1869 

1870 

F. P. Fitzwilliams 

1871 

1872 
L. M. Goddard 
1873 

1874 
L. M. Goddard 
1875 

1876 
J. W. Taylor 
1877 

1878 
T. W. Taylor 
1879 

1880 
Wm. Dill 

1881 


Treasurer 
A. Repine 

Geo. S. Smith 

Geo. S. Smith 
E. McCrillus 
E. Hook 

Wm. Sheppard 

Enos Hook 

Enos Hook 


Sheriff 

Peter McFarland 
Thomas Leonard 
Thomas Leonard 

W. H. Bond 

W. H. Bond 

P. G. Lowe 

P. G. Lowe 

John W. Prest 



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HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 197 

Judges of the District Court.— Mw. C. McDowell, 1861-1865 ; David J. 
Brewer, 1865-1869; H. W. Ide, 1869-1877; Robert Crozier, 1877-1893; L. 
A. Myers, 1893-1900 ; J. H. Gillpatrick, 1900 to Oct., 1909, resigned ; Wil- 
liam Dill, appointed Oct., 1909, to Dec. 24, 1910 ; J. H. Wendorff, 1910 to 
present time. 

Judge of Criminal Court.— B. Gray, 1868. 

District Railroad Assessor.— James Medill, 1871 ; H. S. Bickford, 1873. 

State Senators.— 1862— John Wilson, C. B. Pierce, F. P. Fitzwilliams. 

1866— H. C. Haas, Peter McFarland, A. C. Foster. 

1868 — John McKee, Wm. Larimer, Martin Smith. 

1870— W. S. VanDoren, H. C. Hass, Joseph Kellogg. 

1871 — C. R. Jennison (to fill vacancy). 

1872— Thomas Moonlight, J. T. McWhirt, Jacob Winters. 

1874 — John A. Halderman, T. L. Johnson, J. P. Bauserman. 

1876— J. H. Gillpatrick, R. D. Evans. 

1880— H. M. Aller, T. G. V. Boling. 

1884— P. G. Lowe, W. C. Butts. 

1888— Edward Carroll. 

1892— Lucien Baker. 

1895— J. W. Hirst (to fill vacancy) Baker elected to U. S. Senate. 

1896— W. A. Harris. 

1900— Louis H. Wulfekuhler. 

1904— Vinton Stillings. 

* 1908— Vinton Stillings. 

1912— Vinton Stillings. 

1916-1920— Charles E. Snyder (present incumbent). 

State Representatives. — 1861 — Thomas Carney, James A. McGonigle, 
M. S. Adams, John McCarthy, Charles Starns, Erastus McCrillus, Thomas 
O. Gwartney, Charles H. Grover, James Medill. 

1862 — Josiah Kellogg, Abraham Brown, Horace W. Ide, W. A. Lattin, 
R. C. Foster, James Medill, D. F. Walker, Thomas O. Gwartney, Charles 
Grover. 

1866— John Hannon, M. Przybylowicz, H. Allen, John Dugan, J. T. 
Knight, L Kennedy, John Faulkner, S. D. Lecompte, J. Turner. 

1867— Wm. P. Gamble, H. Miles Moore, C. R. Jennison, Matthew 
Ryan, Wm. H. Hastings, James Cooley, Seth Hollingsworth, J. L. Wallace, 
Thomas S. Towne. 

1868— P. H. Liernow, J. Kellogg, M. S. Adams, R. C. Flora, T. Mc- 
intosh, James Larimer, N. Humber, Joseph Palmer, R. E. Palmer. 



198 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

1869. Ryan Sherry, Joseph Kellogg, J. A. Halderman, Dan Shire, 
Charles H. Grover, W. F. Ashby, S. B. Stewart, J. K. Faulkner, James 
Larimer. 

1870— Thomas J. Darling, D. D. Calley, James F. Legate, Thomas P. 
Fenlon, A. C. Williams, Levi Churchill, Wm. F. Ashby, Joseph Howell, 
J. J. Crook. 

1871— L. M. Goddard, N. Marchand, S. N. Latta, Thomas P. Fenlon, 
James Cooley, B. C. Barker, C. J. Halstead. 

1872— W. S. Plummer, Thomas Morgan, Josiah Kellogg, W. H. Bond, 
Josiah Turner, H. C. Fields, Thos. Dillard. 

1873— D. R. Anthony, J. W. Taylor, S. N. Latta, Thos. P. Fenlon, W. 
Tucker, James Medill, C. W. Lawrence. 

1874— H. D. Mackey, J. C. Vaughn, J. F. Legate, F P. Fitzwilliams, 
H. C. Squires, M. R. Mitchell, Crawford Moore. 

1875— E. Stillings, J. W. Taylor, A. F. Fenn, J. C. Stone, W. T. Mar- 
vin, Jas. Howell, C. C. Duncan. 

1876— E. Stillings, Jas. Clark, J. Kellogg, L. B. Wheat, C. D. Oliphant, 
A. Huddleston, Joel Willis. 

1878— Geo. T. Berens, Thos. P. Gable, J. F Legate, Chas. H. Miller, 
Wm. R. Henderson, Frank M. Gable, J. A. Blackman. 

1880— Oscar Haberlin, P. Geraughty, Jas. F. Legate. John Schott, W. 
T. Marvin, M. C. Harris, John Divelbess. 

1882— Edward Carroll, H. T. Green, Geo. W. Greever, J. K. Faulkner. 

1884— Edward Carroll, George T. Anthony. Wm. F. Ashby, E. J. 
Holman. 

1886— Edward Carroll, T. A. Hurd, M. H. Berry, Frank M. Gable. 

1888 — L. C. Hay, Jas. Legate, L. J. Morgan, F. Wellhouse. 

1890— Fred W. Willard, S. F. Neely, T. C. Craig, F. M. Gable. 

1892— Stephen Meagher, H. C. F. Hackbush, McCown Hunt. 

1894— S. H. Hill. H. C. F. Hackbush, McCown Hunt. 

1896— H. C. F. Hackbush, Horace A. Keefer, N. F. Graves. 

1898— Sherman Medill, M. W. Edmonds, F. B. Dawes. 

1900— J. M. Hund. F. G. Markhart, James G. Gaw. 

1902— O. G. Ballard, J. Ross Perkins, George B. Hollenbeck. 

1904 — Stephen Meagher. Frank Ohlhausen, J. M. Phenicie. 

1906— James F. O'Conner, Charles E. Snyder, D. V. Umholtz. 

1908— John Hannon, Charles E. Snyder, H. G. Parker. 

1910— C. C. Goddard, Hiram G. Parker. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 199 

1912— Edward Carroll, L. M. Gilman. 

1914— Ben j. F. Endres, J. M. Gilman. 

1916— Benj. F. Endres, J. M. Gilman. 

1918— Benj. F. Endres, J. M. Gilman. 

1920 — Benj. F. Endres (present incumbent), J. M. Gilman (died 
shortly after election), Charles Hicks (elected in December, 1920, to fill 
vacancy) . 



CHAPTER X 



LEAVENWORTH CITY. 



FORM OF GOVERNMENT— OFFICERS— FIRE DEPARTMENT— POLICE DEPARTMENT 
—CEMETERIES— CUSHING HOSPITAL— KANSAS ORPHAN ASYLUM— PUBLIC LI- 
BRART— PUBLIC SCHOOLS — CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. 

Leavenworth City was governed by a mayor and councilmen till 1909, 
when the city adopted a commission form of government. The mayor 
was elected by the entire city and the councilmen were chosen, two each 
from each of the six wards. Under the commission form of government 
the mayor is elected by the entire city and the four commissioners are also 
elected by the entire city. The duties of the commissioners are desig- 
nated and divided as follows: Finance and Revenue, Parks and Public 
Property, Streets and Public Improvements, Water and Lights. 

The following are the officers of the City of Leavenworth since its 
organization : 

Judge of City Court.— 1899-1900, F. P. Harkness, appointed by Gov- 
ernor ; 1900-1904, H. Miles Moore ; 1904-1910, David W. Flynn ; 1910-1914, 
Floyd E. Harper; 1914-1916, Wm. P. Wettig; 1916, present time, Eli Nird- 
linger. 

Clerk of City Court.— 1899-1900, O. C. Phillips; 1900-1904, Wm. 
Bucher; 1904-1906. R. G. McFarland; 1906-1914, A. J. Erman; 1914-1916. 
August Kunz, abolished in 1916. 

Marshal of City Court.— 1899-1904, John Bramlage ; 1904-1906, Henry 
Yerkes. 

Fire Department. — The first fire company was organized by charter 
granted to the City Council by the Territorial Legislature in the fall of 
1855. Miles Shannon was chosen the first chief that fall and served two 
terms. James L. McDowell was the next chief and later served as mayor 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



201 



3 

3 
a 


E. S. Berthoud 
E. S. Berthoud 
Geo. P. Buell 
Geo. P. Buell 
Geo. P. Buell 
Powell Clayton 
Powell Clayton 
John McCarthy 
John JlcCartln 
C. G. Waite 

C. G. Waite 
Daniel Tuohey 
E. I. Farnsworth 

E. 1. Farnsworth 
G. W. Vaughn 
Win. o. Gould 
(i. W. Vaughn 
G. W. Vaughn 

F. Hawn 

D. N. Barnes 

E. Diefendorf 

G. T. Nelles 
G T. Nelles 
G. T. Nelles 
G. T. Nelles 
G. T. Nelles 


p. 

s 


M. D. Parlin 
M. D. Parlin 
C. F. Greever 
C. F. Greever 
W. G. Neely 
W. G. Neely 
Edw. Jones 


Joe O'Neil 
Joe O'Neil 
Joe O'Neil 

H. A. Perkins 

H. A. Perkins 

Walter Thomas 


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202 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

of the city. Henry Deckelman was the next and he was the father of 
the Turner's Society. Martin Smith followed him for eight years. The 
following have been chiefs since that time : Cyrus Sprague, Matt Kelley, 
Patrick Delaney, Mike Bahler and Gus Schoreder, the present incumbent. 

The department has two divisions. Department No. 1 is located at 
the northeast corner of 5th and Shawsee Streets and No. 2 is located at the 
southeast corner of 5th Avenue and Spruce. 

The following men make up the department: 

Department No. 1 — Fire chief, Gus Schroeder; foremen, Peter Jo- 
hosky and Chas. Voss ; mechanic, J. H. Ciift ; firemen, J. E. Ramey, Fred- 
erick Copenhaver, Andrew Hauserman, J. L. Ramey, Lynton Tuttle and 
Louis Ringlesby. 

Department No. 2 — 1st assistant chief, Peter Taschetta; 2nd assistant 
chief, G. A. Stevenson ; firemen, Wm. Meeker, L. L. Malody, Chas. Hoctor, 
and W. R. Shouse. 

The department is equipped with the following fire apparatus: At 
Fire Department No. 1. one White combination hose wagon, one White 
service ladder truck, one Fulton hose truck, and one Stutz, chief's car. 

At Fire Department No. 2. one White combination hose wagon. 

Police Department. — The headquarters of the police department was 
formerly located between Delaware and Shawnee streets on Fifth. It is 
now located at the northeast corner of 5th and Shawnee streets. 

The following named persons have served as chiefs: John Roundee, 
John Shockley, John Kendall, John Schott, Joseph Michael, John McKee, 
Hiram Robinson, D. A. Hook, Col. Thomas Moonlight, James Jennings, 
Isaac Losee, Charles H. Miller, Milt Orr, S. S. Ellis, W. D. Shallcross, Joseph 
E. Walter, Wm. W. Roberts. J. G. Doane, Chas. H. Robinson, A. McGahey, 
Dan McFarland, F. W. Willard, E. C. Murphy, J. H. Rothenberger. J. A. 
Cranston, W. M. Pickens, Anton Maduska, J. T. Taylor, J. M. Murphy, W. 
B. Shaughnessy, John T. Glynn, Lewis Young (the present incumbent.) 

The following constitutes the entire police force at present: Lewis 
Young* chief ; Wm. Mueller, captain; John Kinney, lieutenant; Geo. W. 
Herren, detective; Andy Welkey, W. A. Heath, J. A. Cranston, H. T. 
Madison, Geo. Richardson, Frank Brown, V. M. Hooper, W. E. Felix, Louis 
Jackson, Henry Johnson, Phil Knight, Robt. Buckley, patrolmen ; M. Fitz- 
patrick, jailor; James Freeh, guard; Bentley Clark, J. P. Reavy, auto 
drivers; Jas. M. Thompson, Wm. Leeman, Joe Gorzkiewicz, merchant police. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 203 

J. A. Cranston served as chief from 1897 to 1903, from 1905 to 1908 ; 
a part of the year 1893 and for the past three years has been a patrolman ; 
he has the longest service as chief of any one on record in the department. 

Cemeteries. — There are four burial grounds in the vicinity of the 
city of Leavenworth, namely: Mount Muncie, Mt. Calvary, Jewish Ceme- 
tery and Greenwood Cemetery. In 1858 a burial place known as Mount 
Aurora was donated by W. W. Bachus. This was used for about fifteen 
years and then abandoned. Most of the bodies were removed to Mount 
Muncie and the ground has been since used by the Leavenworth Water 
Company. 

Greenwood Cemetery is located on the Lawrence Road at the city 
limits. This tract was donated by Mrs. Mary A. Davis in December, 1865. 

Mt. Calvary Cemetery is three and a half miles south of the city on 
the DeSoto Road. It is the Roman Catholic burial grounds. It consists 
of an eighty-acre tract of land. 

Mount Muncie Cemetery is located about three and a half miles south 
of the court house on the old Delaware Road. It adjoins the grounds of 
The National Military Home on the south. It is a tract of 187 acres, 
extending to the Missouri River. 

It is incorporated under the laws of Kansas and a portion of the 
charter provides that the sale of the lots and proceeds of the investment 
of the funds are dedicated to the purchase and improvement of the 
grounds for a cemetery and keeping them durably and permanently in- 
closed and perpetual repair throughout all future time and no part of the 
funds shall inure as dividends or profits to the incorporators. The grounds 
were opened for burial about 1865. Thirteen thousand persons have been 
buried in this cemetery. 

The Jewish Cemetery is located about three miles west of the city 
on the Mt. Olive road. 

Cushing Hospital and Home of the Friendless. — Cushing Hospital 
grew out of the Home for the Friendless. The latter institution was or- 
ganized in 1868. A charter was secured in 1870. An appropriation of 
$10,000 was made by the State Legislature and the city of Leavenworth 
purchased the present site of five acres for the institution. In 1879 an 
additional appropriation of $6,000 was obtained from the state for the 
purpose of an additional building. The first building was known as the 
"Cottage". The building as it now stands is of brick with stone trim- 
mings, three stores and a basement located on Marshall street. It orig- 



204 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

inally cost about $16,000. The Home of the Friendless was originally 
founded for the following purposes : First, to temporary shelter for sick 
and destitute women and children; second, to aid women in securing 
employment in respectable families and secure Christian homes for chil- 
dren; third, to reform the inmates and teach them a better mode of life. 
The management of Cushing Hospital has been in the hands of benevolent 
women of the various Protestant churches of the city till 1920 when an 
advisory board of men were selected to aid them. It was named after 
Mrs. C. H. Cushing who devoted much of her time and money to the found- 
ing and maintaining of this most needed institution. 

The following are the names of the presidents: Mrs. C. H. Cushing, 
Mrs. S. A. Lord, Mrs. H. Mills, Mrs. Florence Hopkins, Mrs. O. H. Shelly, 
Mrs. Carrie Huffman, Mrs. Louis C. Feller. 

The Kansas Orphan Asylum was located on a beautiful five-acre tract 
of land on South Broadway. It was organized and incorporated as a pri- 
vate charitable institution for Leavenworth city and county. The orig- 
inal cost of the land and buildings thereon was met by the business men 
of the city. The organization was formed in 1866. At first the asylum 
had only the right to receive and dispose of children under the apprentice 
law. In 1867 the State Legislature gave the asylum the right "to receive 
and retain orphans, destitute and friendless children, and provide the same 
with homes for such time, not exceeding their majority, and upon such 
terms as the board of directors may determine." 

The institution was first known as The Leavenworth Protestant Or- 
phan Asylum and Home for Friendless Children, and changed to the name 
of Kansas Orphan Asylum by act of 1874. By this act the board of direc- 
tors were bound to receive children from all the counties of the state. The 
sum of $16,000 was expended for buildings which sum was appropriated 
by the legislature and donated by people of Leavenworth. The state also 
made appropriations at various times for the support and maintenance. 
The report of the board of directors in 1882 stated that twenty-eight chil- 
dren remained in the home, sixty-four received ; making a total of ninety- 
two; forty-eight boys and forty-four girls; placed in homes, twenty; 
adopted, eight; agreement, twelve; returned to friends, thirty-one; died, 
one; sent to Reform School, one; remaining in the asylum, thirty-eight. 

About the year 1900 the Dr. Stewart McKee took over the asylum and 
ran it till 1914 as The Leavenworth Hospital, a private institution. May 
27, 1912, the board of trustees offered a lease to Leavenworth County for 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 205 

a County Hospital. On March 9, 1914, was recorded a lease dated May 
25, 1912, and running to May 25, 1959, to the Board of County Commis- 
sioners of Leavenworth County. The inmates of the old Poor Farm were 
then removed to the County Hospital and the farm was sold. 

The Leavenworth Free Public Library Association was organized in 
1895 under the auspices of the Whittier Club of Leavenworth and the 
library was opened in a room in the Ryan building with Mrs. G. W. Mickel 
as librarian and Miss Syrena McKee and Mrs. Mary Fitzwilliam Carney 
as assistants. 

In the spring of 1899 the city of Leavenworth voted to levy a tax for 
library maintenance and in August of the same year Mayor Neely called a 
meeting to effect a permanent library organization. In November, 1899, 
the first formal meeting was held at which officers were elected and rules, 
regulations and by-laws adopted. Miss Syrena McKee was appointed 
librarian and Miss Bessie Martin assistant. The following were mem- 
bers of the first Board of Directors : Judge M. L. Hacker, president ; James 
A. McGonigle, vice-president; Mrs. J. A. Lane, secretary; A. J. Tullock, 
Mrs. Florence Hopkins, Mrs. W. C. Hook, Miss Catherine Becker, W. C. 
Schott, L. P. Rothchild, Mrs. G. W. Mickel, Mrs. E. W. Snyder and Mrs. 
Mary Fitzwilliam Carney. 

Through the efforts of A. J. Tullock a gift of $25,000 was secured 
from Andrew Carnegie for the erection of a permanent library building. 
This gift was later increased to $30,000 and in May, 1902, the library was 
moved to its present location at Fifth and Walnut. 

In November, 1904, Miss Syrena McKee resigned her position as libra- 
rian and was succeeded by Miss Ortha Johnson as acting librarian. Miss 
Johnson's appointment as librarian was confirmed in March, 1905. In 
January, 1907, she resigned and Asa Don Dickinson was appointed to fill 
the vacancy. Mr. Dickinson served until September, 1909, and was suc- 
ceeded by Julius Lucht who resigned, in May, 1912. Irving R. Bundy, his 
successor, served until March, 1916, when Truman R. Temple became 
librarian. Mr. Temple resigned in January, 1919, and was succeeded by 
Miss Elsie Evans, the present incumbent. The present Board of Direc- 
tors is comprised of the following members : N. H. Burt, president ; Lee 
Todd, vice-president; Mrs. Mary Fitzwilliam Carney, secretary; Mrs. Vic- 
tor Cain, Mrs. Harry DcCoursey, A. J. Schilling, C. E. Snyder, O. H. Wulfe- 
kuhler. The only member of the present board who was a member of the 
original board is Mrs. Mary Fitzwilliam Carney. She has served continu- 
ously since the establishment of the institution. 



206 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The total number of books in the library, January 1, 1921, was 28,679. 
The number of registered borrowers was 5,216, 32 per cent of the popu- 
lation. The circulation for the year 1920 totaled 99,786. Besides the cen- 
tral library, the library maintains deposit stations at the Y. W. C. A. and 
the Small Memorial Home and traveling libraries in twelve of the public 
and parochial schools of the city. 

Leavenworth Public Schools. — The Board of Trustees for the common 
schools of Leavenworth City was organized July 3, 1858. This board con- 
sisted of four members and was responsible for the management of the 
public schools although it had no control over the school funds which were 
entrusted to the common council. In May, 1864, the Board of Education, 
displacing the old Board of Trustees, was organized and entered upon its 
duties as guardian and manager of the educational interests of the city. 
In October, 1859, the board adopted the graded system. In 1865 the 
high school was organized and has continued to grow in importance and 
numbers since that time. 

The Board of Education is now composed of six members elected at 
large for a term of four years. A clerk and treasurer are appointed by 
the board yearly. 

The personnel of the present board is as follows : S. B. Langworthy, 
president; William S. Albright, vice-president; F. D. Bolman, W. W. 
Hooper, Thomas L. Todd, S. E. Nirdlinger, Ira J. Bright, superintendent. 

The following table gives the essential facts concerning the schools: 

Name of School Location. Enrollment 

Jan., 1921. Principal. 

High School Fourth and Walnut 512 E. R. Stevens 

Morris Fifth and Osage 376 Josephine O'Keefe 

Third Avenue__Third Ave. and Congress 413 Mary M. Pfefferkorn 

Oak Street Seventh and Oak 374 Olga Gates 

Maplewood Chestnut and Grand 220 Anna Willcott 

Sumner Fifth Ave. and Chestnut 146 B. K. Bruce 

Lincoln 612 Dakota 124 E. H. Lawson 

Franklin Ninth and Arthur 100 Lillian McBride 

Jefferson Eleventh and Kickapoo 95 Lillian Kunz 

Wilson Union and Vilas 43 Jane Cleavinger 

Cleveland Park Sixteenth and Vilas 34 Anna Truesdale 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 207 

The larger elementary school buildings, Oak Street, Third Avenue, 
Morris, and Sumner, need to be replaced by modern school buildings. Oak 
Street was rebuilt in 1874; Third Avenue was built in 1860, and Morris 
was built in 1867. It is needless to say that these buildings do not meet 
modern educational needs. 

The Board of Education is now working out a School Building Pro- 
gram and there is little doubt that Leavenworth will have school build- 
ings of which she may be proud. 

The efficiency and standing of the Leavenworth school system is well 
set forth in the report of Allen D. Albert, a "city doctor" of national 
renown, who made a survey of the city in the early summer of 1920. He 
says: 

"Leavenworth has developed one of the outstanding school systems 
in the Middle West. There runs through the whole establishment the 
modern purpose to fit the school to the child, to help the child find him- 
self, to arouse motive rather than to impose disciplinary control, to build 
character rather than to teach by note." 

The standing of the high school is best indicated by the fact that the 
Leavenworth High School has been a member of the North Central Asso- 
ciation of Secondary Schools and Colleges for fifteen years and no school 
in Kansas has been a member of the association for a longer period. Affili- 
ation with this organization means that admission without examination 
to practically all the larger universities and colleges of the middle west is 
granted graduates of high schools belonging to the association. 

The Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce was organized by consoli- 
dating and absorbing the Commercial Club, Greater Leavenworth Club, 
Merchants' League, Retail Merchants' Association and Ad Club. This was 
done in 1914. The organization was incorporated under the laws of the 
State of Kansas in 1916 and since that time has operated as a corpora- 
tion organized not for profit. 

The Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce has been very active in busi- 
ness and civic affairs. It secured the establishment in Leavenworth in 
1917 of the Red Cross Sanitary Unit No. 6. This unit, in co-operation with 
the United States Public Health Service and the City and County Govern- 
ments and Board of Education, spent approximately $50,000 in sanitary 
work in the city and immediately adjacent county during the years of 
1917, 1918 and 1919 and after the clinic was withdrawn this work was 
then carried on by the city government through the organization of a 
public health service. 



208 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce undertook the organization 
of Leavenworth County and Leavenworth City for war work in prepara- 
tion for the Third Liberty Loan campaign and perfected an organization 
in the city by dividing the congested district into committees, the resi- 
dence district into precincts and the county into school districts. Loyal, 
public spirited citizens of the city and county volunteered in this organiza- 
tion which, with minor changes, "put over" the Third Liberty Loan cam- 
paign, the Second Red Cross Drive, the United War Fund Drive, the 
Fourth Liberty Loan campaign, the Near East campaign, the Victory 
Liberty Loan campaign, the War Savings Stamps drive and the Welcome 
Home Fund for the returning soldiers. One million and twelve thousand 
dollars ($1,012,000) was raised in the Third Liberty Loan which was over 
$300,000 more than the county's quota. Approximately $53,000 was raised 
in the Second Red Cross War Fund, which was $17,000 more than the 
county's quota. One million six hundred and sixty-six thousand dollars 
($1,666,000) was raised in the Fourth Liberty Loan, which was approxi- 
mately $50,000 more than the county's quota. The quota of $60,000 in the 
United War Work Drive was exceeded. Nearly $14,000 was raised in the 
Near East campaign. In the Victory Liberty Loan the county exceeded 
its quota of $1,100,000 by nearly $50,000 and nearly $4,000 was raised in 
the Welcome Home Fund to afford a proper celebration and welcome for 
the boys from Leavenworth County who did their part in the Great War. 

The Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce sponsored the organization 
of the Leavenworth County Counsel of Defense which served during the 
war and the secretary-manager acted as chairman of the County Council 
of Defense. The Farm Agent acted as Vice-Chairman. The local Food 
Administration was also handled by the County Council of Defense. 

The Chamber of Commerce also organized the local branch of the 
Military Training Camp Association in the early days of our participation 
in the war and acted as headquarters in this work of securing personnel 
for the training camps. 

The Chamber of Commerce also organized the Leavenworth War- 
Camp Community Service, which handled the Community House at Leav- 
enworth during the war. 

The Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce also organized the work of 
securing harvest laborers and recruited harvest armies in 1918 and 1919, 
furnishing the farmers of Leavenworth County with harvest help and 
sending the excess to the harvest fields in central and western Kansas. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 209 

The Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce helped organize the Farm Bu- 
reau of Leavenworth County, which was the first bureau organized in the 
State of Kansas. They paid a substantial proportion of the expenses of 
the Farm Bureau for the first two years of its existence and at the pres- 
ent time furnished an office and headquarters for the Farm Bureau. 

The Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce has been very active in the 
promotion of good roads. It originated the Fort to Fort road but the put- 
ting over of these petitions, especially on the cross county road, was 
done by the good roads booster in and around Tonganoxie. These road 
boosters at Tonganoxie had been trying for a long time to secure a hard 
road connection with Kansas City and with Lawrence, and at the time the 
Federal Aid Law was passed, practically the only hard road sentiment in 
the entire county was along the line of the east and west road from Tonga- 
noxie to the end of the parallel road in Wyandotte County. 

The Leavenworth Chamber of Commerce has approximately 325 mem- 
bers holding about 400 memberships. Through its activities, secured the 
purchase by the War Department of the old North Bridge. It has co- 
operated with the Farm Bureau in its efforts to bring pure-bred livestock 
into the county and with the State Holstein Association and the County 
Holstein Association in the holding of pure-bred livestock sales at Leaven- 
worth. 



CHAPTER XI 



SLAVERY QUESTION AND THE CIVIL WAR. 



MASON AND DIXOX LINE— MISSOURI COMPROMISE— PLATTE PURCHASE— WILMOT 
PROVISO— DRED SCOTT DECISION— COMPROMISE OF 1850— KANSAS-NEBRASKA 
BILL— •'SQUATTERS" SALT CREEK MEETING — PRO-SLAVERY BANDS— EAST- 
ERN IMMIGRATION— LEAVENWORTH COUNTY IN THE CIVIL WAR— MILITARY 
LEADERS. 



In order to give the reader a clearer idea of the events directly con- 
nected with the history of Leavenworth County in the Civil war, it will be 
necessary to briefly state some of the events leading up to the formation 
of the county into a political unit. This will bring into prominence the 
slavery question with many of its features. 

Dui'ing the early history of Maryland and Pennsylvania there arose 
a dispute between William Penn and Lord Baltimore as to the boundaries 
of their respective colonies. They agreed on a compromise line run by 
the surveyors, Mason and Dixon, which is the present boundary between 
the states of Maryland and Pennsylvania. The line later became the divid- 
ing line between free and slave-holding states. As a balance between the 
North and South the number of slave and free states were kept equal for 
some time. It was equal when Louisiana was admitted as a slave state in 
1812, both sections having equal representation in the Senate; Indiana, 
in 1816, was balanced by Mississippi in 1817; Illinois, in 1818, was followed 
by Alabama in 1819. The North and Northwest grew so much faster than 
the South that in 1820 the House of Representatives was composed of 
105 free state members and 81 slave state members. 

Missouri petitioned for admission in 1818. Though a western com- 
munity they had slaves and wanted to keep them. The bill was lost in 
the Senate. In 1819, a bill was introduced to admit Maine and another to 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 211 

admit Missouri. Both bills finally passed the House and Senate, but con- 
taining the famous Missouri Compromise, prohibiting slavery in Louisiana 
Purchase, north of 36 degrees 30 mnutes north latitude, except in Mis- 
souri. Maine was admitted as a free state and Missouri was a slave state, 
again keeping the balance between the two sections. This act excluded 
slavery from the territory comprising Leavenworth County. 

In forming the boundaries of Missouri originally the western boundary 
of the state was a line drawn north and south of a point at the intersection 
of the Kaw and Missouri Rivers. This made Platte County and the terri- 
tory north of it just across the Missouri River from Leavenworth County 
free territory. Later on that territory was added to the State of Missouri. 
This was the first violation of the Missouri Compromise. 

In 1846 David Wilmot of Pennsylvania offered a proviso in the House 
of Representatives, "That neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall 
ever exist in any part of the said territory." This had reference to terri- 
tory then under consideration for purchase from Mexico. The proviso 
failed to pass but again set into agitation the slavery question. 

Dred Scott, a slave, was taken by his owner Dr. Emerson, in 1834, 
from Missouri to Rock Island, Illinois, a free territory. Afterwards he was 
taken to Louisiana, then back to Missouri, slave territory. Dred Scott 
brought suit for his freedom on the grounds that being carried into free 
territory made him free. The case was tried in the Supreme Court of 
the United States under title of Dred Scott vs. Sandford, and the decision 
handed down held that negroes, "had no rights which the white man was 
bound to respect." The North was bitterly incensed at the decision and 
declared that they were not bound by it. 

The balance of free and slave states was continued till 1849 ; Arkansas 
(slave) was admitted in 1836 and Michigan (free) in 1837; Florida and 
Texas, both slave, in 1845; Iowa and Wisconsin, both free, in 1846 and 
1848. 

By 1850 the slavery question had grown to such enormity that such 
eminent statesmen as John C. Calhoun advocated secession of the slave 
states. This year what is known as the Clay Compromise was passed 
and contained the following provisions briefly stated : 

(1) New Mexico to be organized and admitted with or without slav- 
ery as their constitution may prescribe. 

(2) California be admitted as a free state. 

(3) Utah bill organized Utah as a territory intended to be free. 



212 HISTORY OP LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

(4) A new fugitive slave law to try cases in a "summary manner". 

(5) Prohibited slavery in the District of Columbia. 

The bill in Congress proposed the organization of two territories, one 
to comprise the territory lying directly west of Missouri and extending 
west to the crest of the Rocky Mountains to be called Kansas ; the remain- 
der of the territory lying north of Kansas and west of Iowa, to be called 
Nebraska. Kansas was bounded on the north by Nebraska; on the east 
by Missouri; on the south by the 37th degree of North Latitude, a line 
dividing the Cherokees and Osages ; on the west by the ridge of the Rocky 
Mountains. The bill was passed May 27, 1854, and signed by the President 
on May 30. The vote in the House was 113 yeas and 100 nays. The pro- 
visions pertaining to slavery are as follows: 

First. That all questions pertaining to slavery in the territories and 
in the new states to be formed therefrom, are to be left to the decision of 
the people residing therein through their appropriate representatives. 

Second. That all cases involving title to slaves and questions of per- 
sonal freedom are referred to the adjudication of the local tribunals, with 
the right of appeal to the Supreme Court of the United States. 

Third. That the provisions of the Constitution and laws of the United 
States in respect to fugitives from service are to be carried into faithful 
execution in all the organized territories the same as in the states, 

The Missouri Compromise was positively annulled by the act. Stephen 
A. Douglas actively supported the measure which finally brought on the 
great Civil War. It was designed to uphold the aggressions of slavery but 
finally tolled its death knell. It meant two million men in arms, one-fourth 
million in soldier's graves, and the freedom of four million slaves. 

So under the provisions of the foregoing act Leavenworth County, 
along with the rest of Kansas, was to be settled, government established 
and its institutions begun by the settlers. Up to the passage of this act of 
1854 Leavenworth County may be said to have had no civilized residents 
except the soldiers sent to Fort Leavenworth, and a few missionaries to 
the Indians, together with a few fur traders. 

In 1853, previous to the Kansas-Nebraska Act, all the eastern part of 
what is now Kansas was covered by Indian reservations and upon this 
territory white settlements were forbidden. The only exception being 
for government agents and religious missionaries. Immediately preced- 
ing the aforesaid act, treaties were secretly made with the various Indian 
tribes, consisting of the Delawares, Kickapoos, Shawnees, Sacs, Foxes, 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 213 

Otoes and other tribes, whereby a large part of the territory adjoining 
Missouri on the west was opened for settlement. These purchases of 
Indian land by the government was well understood by the Missourians 
of the western border. They had for some time been organizing societies 
such as "Blue Lodges," "Sons of the South" and others for the purpose 
of taking possession of the new territory for slavery. 

Immediately following the passage of the aforesaid Kansas-Nebraska 
Act hundreds of Missourians crossed over into Leavenworth County, staked 
out large areas of land and held meetings to further their purpose. 

With undue haste and before the time for occupancy of the Indians 
had expired the border Missourians occupied the greater portion of what 
is now Leavenworth County. They still retained their homes in Missouri 
and held squatters' claims in the adjoining territory. 

As early as June 10, 1854, squatters held a meeting in Salt Creek Val- 
ley and formed an organization. The following resolutions were adopted 
by them: 

Whereas, We the citizens of Kansas Territory and many other citi- 
zens of the adjoining State of Missouri, contemplating a squatter's home 
on the plains of said Territory, are assembled at Salt Creek Valley for the 
purpose of taking such steps as will secure safety and fairness in the loca- 
tion and preservation of claims.; therefore be it 

Resolved (1) That we are in favor of a bona fide Squatter Sovereignty, 
and acknowledge the right of any citizen of the United States to make a 
claim in Kansas Territory, ultimately with the view of occupying it. 

(2) That such claim, when made, shall be held inviolate so long as 
a bona fide intention of occupying is apparent, and for the purpose of 
defending and protecting such claim, we agree to act in concert, if neces- 
sary, to expel intruders. 

(3) That every person of lawful age who may be at the head of a 
family, who shall mark out his claim of 160 acres, so that it may be 
apparent how the same lies, and proceed with reasonable diligence to 
erect thereon a cabin or tent, shall be deemed to have made a proper 
claim. 

(5) That all persons now holding claim shall have two weeks from 
this day, in which to make improvements contemplated by the foregoing 
resolutions. 

(6) No person shall be protected by the Squatter's Association who 
shall hold in his own right more than one claim. 



214 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

(7) That a citizen of the Territory be appointed as register of 
claims, who shall keep a book in which he shall register the name and de- 
scription of all squatters, and their claims, and the dates of making the 
same for which registration he shall be allowed fifty cents, to be paid by 
the claimant. 

(8) That we recognize the institution of slavery as always existing 
in this Territory, and recommend that slaveholders to introduce their 
property as soon as possible. 

(9) That we will afford protection to no Abolitionists as settlers of 
Kansas Territory. 

(10) That a "Vigilance Committee" be appointed by the chairman 
to decide upon all disputes in relation to claims, and to protect the right- 
ful party; and for that purpose shall have power to call together the 
entire "Squatter's Association". 

(11) That all persons who wish to become members of the "Squat- 
ter's Association" shall subscribe to the foregoing preamble and res- 
olutions. 

(12) That the Secretary of this meeting be instructed to hand these 
proceedings to E. S. Wilkinson and S. J. Finch, or either of them, for 
immediate publication and reference. 

J. H. R. Cundiff, Secretary. Lewis Burns, President. 

Doubtless the pro-slavery element was stimulated to make settlement 
of the territory by the knowledge that organizations of the free state ele- 
ment were being formed in New England and other parts of the North. 
The sentiment along the Mississippi border was intense, especially just 
across the river from our county. The Salt Creek Valley meeting received 
extensive comment and the sentiment is shown in some of the following 
extracts from newspapers at that time: 

The Democratic Platform. Liberty, Mo., June 8, 1854: 

"We learn from a gentleman from the Territory of Kansas that a 
great many Missourians have already settled in that country, and are 
making arrangements to "darken the atmosphere" with their negroes. 
That is right. Let every man that owns a negro go there and settle, and 
our Northern brethren will be compelled to hunt further north for a loca- 
tion." 

Also under date of June 27, 1854, same source : 

"We are in favor of making Kansas a "Slave State" if it should re- 
quire half the citizens of Missouri, musket in hand, to emigrate there, 
and even sacrifice their lives in accomplishing so desirable an end." 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 215 

Platte Argus, Missouri, has the following: 

"The abolitionists will probably not be interrupted if they settle north 
of the fortieth parallell fo north latitude, but south of that line, and 
within Kansas Territory, they need not set foot. It is decreed by the 
people who live adjacent that their institutions are to be established, and 
candor compels us to advise accordingly." 

The Industral Luminary, Parksville, Mo., June 20, particularly refers 
to the Salt Creek Valley meeting as follows : 

"We give today, in. another column, the resolutions passed at the 
meeting held in Kansas Territory on last week. They are more temperate 
than the Independence and Westport resolves. The claim-makers are 
right in organizing themselves, but they should avoid everything that 
savors of sectionalism. We hope fanatico-political combinations will be 
kept out of the new country, especially such as we read of being formed 
in some of the Eastern states. American freemen are wanted — not 
mercenary tools of furious demagogues either from the South or North." 

The Baltimore Sun, on June 28, 1854, commenting on the Salt Creek 
Valley meeting states: 

"According to these resolutions free-soilers will do well not to stop 
in Kansas Territory, but keep on up the Missouri River to Nebraska Terri- 
tory where they may peacefully make claims and establish their abolition 
and free soil notions ; if they do they will be allowed one day's grace to 
take up their bed and baggage and walk. It is estimated 2,000 claims have 
already been made within fifteen miles of the military reserve, and in 
another week's time, double that number will be made. 

Meetings were held across the river in Missouri and bands were 
organized for the purpose of crossing over into Kansas and taking over 
the polling places in behalf of slavery. Subscriptons were taken to de- 
fray the expenses of the parties. Some of them crossed over at Leaven- 
worth. The History of Clay County, Missouri, by Col. W. H. Woodson 
(1920) gives the following account: 

"The troubles in Kansas began in 1853, when the Kansas-Nebraska 
bill was being discussed in the halls of Congress ; this bill was passed by 
Congress, and repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The law left 
to the people of the territory to decide whether slavery should exist or be 
excluded therefrom. "The true intent and meaning of the act" as therein 
expressed, to be "not to legislate slavery into any state or territory, or 
exclude it therefrom," but to leave the people form and regulate their 



216 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

domestic relations as they pleased, subject only to the Constitution of the 
general government. The Free Soilers claimed that all public territories 
were to be admitted into the Union, as free States, and that slavery was 
to be excluded therefrom; on the other hand, this was denied by pro- 
slavery men; that under the Kansas-Nebraska bill, they had the right to 
vote in the territory of Kansas, there being no restrictions denying them 
the right. The Free State men clamed only actual settlers had the right 
to vote in the territory. Yet it became a notorious fact that "Emigrant 
Aid Societies" from New England, and parts of the North, sent hundreds 
of men, "armed with the Bible in one hand, and a Sharp rifle in the other," 
as expressed by a noted Northern preacher, for no other purpose than to 
vote to make Kansas a free state. This was known to the people of the 
Southern states, and was the cause of great excitement to Missourians, 
and particularly so to those living in the Western part of the state, who 
determined if the Free State men intended to import voters into the terri- 
tory, certainly the Missourians or any other persons had the right to ex- 
ercise suffrage at the same polls, to determine whether the territory should 
be admitted as a state, with or without slavery. 

No subject for years had caused so much talk during 1854, and winter 
of 1855, as the Kansas question. Organizations, not only in Missouri, but 
the Southern States, were made to take suitable action in the premises. 
Western Missouri was very active. The border counties on the North side 
of the Missouri River, next to Kansas, held meetings and men were urged 
to go to Kansas, and be there by March 30, 1855, for an election was to be 
held to choose members of the Territorial Legislature. On the South side 
of the Missouri, and in counties bordering on Kansas, like meetings were 
held, and resolutions passed pledging the people to go to Kansas. 

The people of Clay County were thoroughly aroused. A large and 
enthusiastic meeting assembled at the court house, and many of the best 
men of the country were enrolled into companies, and started for Kansas. 
Many who did not go in person, furnished horses, arms and provisions. 
Gen. David R. Atchison was the leader, chief adviser and commander of 
the men living in Northwest part of the state. These men crossed the 
river at Leavenworth, and on the day of election cast their votes at the 
various polling places in that section. The Missourians from the Southern 
and western part of the state, south of the Missouri River, were under the 
leadership of Congressman Samuel H. Woodson, at Tecumseh, and points 
in that part of Kansas, to cast their votes. The result of this, the first, 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 217 

election in Kansas, was that the pro-slavery candidates were elected by 
an overwhelming majority. 

During the entire troubles in Kansas until it was admitted as a state 
into the Union, Clay County furnished men and means to aid the pro- 
slavery cause whenever called upon. On one occasion when the young 
men of the county were preparing to go to Kansas in aid of the pro-slavery 
cause the following subscriptions were obtained to pay their expenses: 
Col. James H. Moss, $20.00; J. T. V. Thompson, $50.00; John Purley, 
$10.00; A. G. Reed, $20.00; F. R. Long, $20.00; W. E. Price, $20.00; E. M. 
Samuel, $50.00; R. C. Thompson, $10.00; A. Withers, $20.00; David Lin- 
coln, $10.00 ; John Dougherty, $50.00 ; John Holbert, $50.00 ; W. H. Wymore, 
Bird & Co., $50.00 ; Joel Turnham, $50,00 ; W. E. Rhea, $10.00 ; R. M. G. 
Price, $50.00; John Mosby, $10.00; Garrard Long, $20.00; William Mc- 
Nelly, $10.00; Francis Henshaw, $25.00; J. M. Watkins, $10.00; Joseph 
Pf ester, $5.00; John Arthur, $10.00; Spencer Anderson, $20.00; R. H. 
Miller, $10.00; William Onan, $10.00; M. Haines, $10.00; David Roberts, 
$25.00; Edwin Bell, $10.00; G. W. Gerden, $20.00; Thomas McCarty, 
$10.00; William Davenport, $10.00; Simpson McGaghey, $5.00; Capt. 
Anthony Harsel, $20.00; A. Lightburne, $50.00; Thomas Routt, $10.00; 
George Stone, $10.00 ; Thomas Fields, $50.00 ; Bernard Mosby, $10.00 ; A. 
J. Calhoun, $10.00 ; John Estes, $10.00 ; Wade Mosby, $50.00 ; Robert Ad- 
kins, $10.00; D. J. Adkins, $50.00; J. J. Moore, $10.00; S. R. Shrader, 
$50.00; John B. Talbott, $20.00; R. A. Neely, $20.00; John Berry, $10.00; 
M. Arthur, $50.00; Robert Reardon, $20.00; John Ecton, $20.00; Joseph 
Anderson, $50.00 ; David D. Miller, $10.00 ; M. V. Wymore, $10.00 ; Bland, 
Fisher & Co., $20.00; A. B. Everett, $10.00; M. Estes, $10.00; Andrew 
Robertson, $25.00 ; Elisha Cravens, $5.00 ; Samuel Homes, $5.00 ; Strother 
H. McGinniss, $25.00; O. P. Mess, $20.00; Fountain Waller, $25.00; 
Thomas C. Gordon, $50.00 ; Presley Gray, $10.00 ; Robert Thomason, $5.00 ; 
John D. Hall, $25.00; James Chanslor, $25.00; Gen. A. W. Doniphan, 
$40.00; William J. Stark, $10.00; J. D. Davidson, $20.00; John D. Ewing, 
$10.00; William Collins, $20.00; Joseph Lewis, $20.00; James Fleming, 
$25.00 ; T. J. Young, $10.00." 

Eastern Emigration. — By the middle of the summer of 1854 emigrant 
aid companies were formed in the East and North, and the great flow of 
Northern emigration moved toward Kansas and especially toward the 
territory bordering on the west bank of the Missouri River. Up to August 
there were probably not more than fifty free state families in the ter'ri- 



218 HISTORY OP I.EA.VENWOXTH COUNTS 

tory of Kansas, and most of them in the present boundaries of Leaven- 
worth County. Thenceforth this vicinity became the theater of the most 
momentous struggle known to the nation. It was the beginning of the 
final contest between freedom and slavery, and became the issue of life 
and death to the great Republic. 

Leavenworth County in the Civil War. — Leavenworth County fur- 
nished more troops in the Civil War than any other county in the State. 
having the largest population. Many from the surrounding country sought 
refuge here and enlisted in the Union Army. Leavenworth seemed to be 
a vast camp for enlistment to suppress the Rebellion. A detailed account 
will not be attempted to be given here. 

The first company mustered into service was the Steuben Guards 
under Capt. Gustavus Zesch and designed as Company I, First Kansas 
Infantry. The date given was May 27, 1861. It participated in the bat- 
tle of Wilson Creek and sustained a heavy loss. It took part in many 
other engagements. 

By May 20, 1861, eighteen companies had been organized and were 
ready for service. These companies were known as follows: 

Home Guards, Thomas Carney in command; Leavenworth Fencibles, 
J. B. Stockton in command; German Rifles, J. B. Huesgen in command; 
Leavenworth Guards, I. G. Losee in command; Emmett Guards, William 
Phillips in command ; Steuben Guards, Gustavus Zesch in command ; Dela- 
ware Guards, G. W. Gardner in command ; Delaware Rifles, B. T. Twombly 
in command ; Lincoln Rangers, William Freeland in command ; Mounted 
Rifles, H. P. Johnson in command; Leavenworth Grays, A. H. Kent in 
command; Shields Guards, Daniel McCook in command; Phoenix Guards, 
Peter McFarland in command; Union Guards, Edward Cozzens in com- 
mand; Leavenworth Light Infantry, Powell Clayton in command; Lafay- 
ette Guards, David Block in command; Lane Rifles, T. J. Weed in com- 
mand; Leavenworth Rifles, W. B. Smith in command. During the year 
many other companies were organized. Companies continued to be organ- 
ized throughout the war. Among them are the following: 

A cavalry company of Union Home Guards in Stranger Township, 
J. P. Salisbury in command; Kickapoo Guards, Capt. Fred Wellhouse in 
command ; Capt. Black's Guards, re-enlisted to serve in first regiment of 
diome guards ; Lyon Guards, D. H. Baily in command ; Fourth Ward Guards, 
L. B. Wheat in command ; The "Old Guards", James M. Dickson in com- 
mand; Third Ward Guards. William Haller in command; Leavenworth 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 219 

Mercantile Guards, M. S. Adams in command ; Leavenworth Light Cavalry, 
I. G. Losee in command. 

James L. Abernathy entered the service November 1, 1862, as Lieu- 
tenant Colonel and resigned November 8, 1862; founder of Abernathy 
Furniture Company. 

M. S. Adams, Captain, commissioned September 16, 1862, resigned 
10th, 1863. 

Henry J. Adams, Major, Paymaster Commissioned September 5, 1861, 
discharged August 1, 1864. 

D. R. Anthony, Sr., Lieutenant Colonel Seventh Kansas Cavalry, com- 
missioned October 29, 1861, resigned September 3, 1862. Editor of Leav- 
enworth Times. 

E. N. 0. Clough, Provost Marshall a large part of the war ; raised 2,300 
men for the union; appointed colonel but not assigned; served without pay. 

Powell Clayton, Captain Company G, First Kansas Infantry, brevet 
Brigadier General August 1, 1864, afterwards United States Senator from 
Arkansas. 

William F. Cloud, Colonel Fifteenth Kansas July 26, 1865; mustered 
out October 19, 1865. 

Samuel F. Drake, Lieutenant Colonel Seventeenth Infantry, commis- 
sioned July 28, 1864. 

George W. DeCosta, Major, Paymaster, Commissioned April 21, 1864 ; 
Brevet Lieutenant Colonel, mustered out February 16, 1865. 

S. B. Davis, Major Medical Department; commissioned February 19, 
1863 ; breveted Lieutenant-Colonel ; mustered out February 7, 1865. 

Thomas Ewing, Jr., Colonel Eleventh Infantry, September 15, 1862; 
promoted Brigadier General March 13, 1863; afterwards member of Con- 
gress from Ohio. 

Henry Foote, Major Paymaster, commissioned June 1, 1861 ; resigned 
July 27, 1863. 

J. H. Gillpatrick, First Lieutenant and Adjutant First Regiment 
Home Guards, commissioned November 1, 1862; promoted to Major Sec- 
ond Kansas (colored) ; promoted to Lieutenant Colonel November 9, 1864 ; 
afterwards Judge District Court. 

John Gould, Captain, commissioned November 26, 1862; breveted 
Major and mustered out October 9, 1865. 

Cyrus L. Gorton and R. M., by President, May 18, 1864; mustered 
out October 7, 1865. 



220 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

George W. Gardner, commissioned Captain February 18, 1863; re- 
signed January 18, 1864. 

George Hoyt, Second Lieutenant C. K. Seventh Kansas Infantry, 
commissioned November 11, 1861 ; promoted Captain May 7, 1862 ; re- 
signed November 3, 1862; appointed Lieutenant Colonel September 7, 
1863; resigned July 19, 1865; appointed Brevet Brigadier General March 
13, 1865. 

John A. Halderman, Major First Kansas Volunteers; Major Gen- 
eral of northern division of state forces ; members of first County Board ; 
Major of Leavenworth two terms; regent of State University; State 
Senator and Representative; Consul to Siam. 

M. H. Insley, Captain, commissioned by President August 16, 1861; 
promoted to regular army March 13, 1863 ; resigned May 26, 1865 ; banker. 

Charles R. Jennison, Colonel Seventh Kansas Cavalry, October 28, 
1861 ; Colonel Fifteenth Kansas Cavalry, 1863 ; Brigadier General ; com- 
mand at Fort Leavenworth; State Senator and State Representative. 

Hampton P. Johnson, Colonel of Fifth Kansas Cavalry; killed in ac- 
tion at Morristown, Missouri, September 17, 1861. 

James Ketner, First Lieutenant Company G, Second Kansas; pro- 
moted to Captain; Bi-evet Major General March 13, 1865. 

Albert Lee, Captain, commissioned August, 1861 ; May 17, 1862, pro- 
moted to Colonel, Seventh Regiment, and November 29, 1862, promoted 
to Brigadier General. 

Daniel McCook, Captain Shields Guards ; Captain Company H, First 
Kansas, November 9, 1861 ; appointed Brigadier General by the President ; 
killed in action. 

Thomas Moonlight, Captain Leavenworth Light Battery; Captain 
Company D, Fourth Kansas ; Colonel Eleventh Kansas ; Brevet Major Gen- 
eral 1865; served in Seminole War; Adjutant General of Kansas. 

George W. McLain, commissioned Captain by the President in Quar- 
termaster Department, October 20, 1862. 

H. Miles Moore, Major and Judge Advocate Fifth Kansas Regiment, 
June, 1861 ; resigned November, 1862 ; lawyer ; author of History of Leav- 
enworth City. 

Marcus J. Parrott, commissioned by President as Captain August 
3, 1861 ; member of Congress. 

Edward H. Schneider, Lieutenant Colonel Eighth Kansas Infantry, 
December 3, 1863; resigned July 11, 1864; Brevet Major General March 
13, 1865. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 221 

Hiram S. Sleeper, Major Paymaster; commissioned February 19, 
1863; resigned November 23, 1864. 

William Tholen, Captain, appointed by President March 8, 1863 ; dis- 
charged March 10, 1864. 

Champion Vaughn, Major and Aid-de-Camp; appointed by President 
November 21, 1862 ; mustered out April 11, 1865. 

T. J. Weed, Major and Aid-de-Camp, January 29, 1862; discharged 
November 21, 1862; re-appointed March 31, 1863; Brevet Lieutenant 
Colonel March 13, 1865. 

A. C. Wilder, Captain, August 7, 1861 ; resigned August 22, 1862. 



CHAPTER XII 



CHURCHES 



THE FIRST METHODIST— FIRST CHRISTIAN— EVANGELICAL GERMAN LUTHERAN- 
EPISCOPAL— JEWISH— PRESBYTERIAN — CONGREGATIONAL — EPISCOPAL. SI 
PAUL'S— CATHOLIC— FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST. SCIENTIST 



The First Methodist Episcopal Church. — The first sermon preached 
in Leavenworth County was delivered by Rev. W. G. Caples, of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, at or near the Leavenworth Company's coal 
shaft October 8, 1854. Occasional services were held by Rev. W. Butt. 
of Indiana, during the years of 1855 and 1856. It is said that he was 
fairly driven out of town by the pro-slavery element and hid for a long 
time in the hazel brush, so fearful was he for his life. 

In May, 1857, George R. Weaver organized the first Methodist Epis- 
copal Sunday School, which has been maintained ever since. At the same 
time a Quarterly Meeting of the church was held. 

On February 21, 1860, the church was incorporated by a special act 
of the Kansas Territorial Legislature, under the name of "The First 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Leavenworth City, Kansas," and has ever 
since maintained its corporate existence. 

The first incorporators or board of trustees named in the charter 
were George H. Weaver, Elijah Hughes, Jacob Landis, William B. Waugh, 
James R. Lunn, William Ferguson and William Fairchild. Before that 
time, however, under the ministry of Rev. Hugh D. Fisher the church had 
acquired the property at the northwest corner of Fifth and Choctaw 
streets and commenced and completed the erection of a church building 
thereon. Here the members worshiped until the fall of 1912, when the 
congregation moved to the new and present edifice at the northeast corner 
of Fifth and Chestnut streets. The old church building on Choctaw 



HISTORY OF LEWENWORTH COUNTY 223 

Street, together with the grounds and the parsonage were sold to The 
J. C. Lysle Milling Company. The new owners soon tore down the church 
building pioper but the parsonage still stands. The new church is built 
of stone and cost approximately $50,000 completed. It is a fine modern 
structure of striking architectural beauty. The present membership is 
400. There are several organizations of the church, consisting of a For- 
eign Missionary Society, Epworth League, Sunday School and a Ladies 
Aid Society. Ira M. Benham is the present pastor. The following are 
the names of the various pastors : 

William Butt 1856 C. B. Mitchell 1884-1886 

Charles Ketchum 1856 J. A. Swaney 1886-1889 

Milton Haun 1857 A. S. Embree 1889-1891 

Hugh D. Fisher 1858-1860 Josephus Collins 1891-1893 

James Paddock 1860-1863 E. M. Randall 1893-1896 

D. P. Mitchell 1863-1866 S. A. Bright 1896-1900 

A. B. Leonard 1866-1868 E. Combie Smith 1900-1903 

W. K. Marshall 1868-1870 J. G. Henderson 1903-1904 

D. P. Mitchell 1870-1871 J. D. Hitchcock 1904-1905 

J. J. Thompson 1871-1874 A. E. Young 1905-1908 

T. F. Houts 1874-1876 H. E. Wark 1908-1911 

P. H. Phillips 1876 C. M. Williams 1911-1913 

William Smith 1876-1877 M. M. Culpepper 1913-1916 

J. R. Madison 1877-1881 A. L. Wood 1916-1919 

A. E. Higgins 1881-1883 Ira M. Benham ___1919 to present 

William Jones 1883 

The Official Board at the present time is as follows: 

N. T. Atwell. Albert Berg. 

A. M. Bain. F. E. Borst. 

Sam Butt. Earl Berg. 

George Combs. George Conrad. 

F. M. Denny. Reese Faulkner.- 

M. A. Gonser. W. F. Harding, 

lesse A. Hall. A. B. Irwin. 

H. G. Powers. J. M. Parsons. 

Herbert Kihm. Clarence McGuire. 

Charles R. Moore. Dr. J. H. Langworthy. 

Carl Sill. J. C. Walker. 



224 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The Board of Trustees is: 

William Dill, President. H. W. Sexton, Secretary. 

F. J. Tallant, Treasurer. George Bleakley. 

M. B. Hamilton. Dr. S. B. Langworthy. 

M. T. Powell. W. D. Reyburn. 
J. W. Wright. 

First Christian Church. — The few members who stood for the restora- 
tion of the New Testament Church in creed, ordinance and life were or- 
ganized into a church in the summer of 1855. Elder William S. Yohe 
was the leader and the first minister of the congregation. He had been 
a captain in the United States Army and received honorable discharge 
at Fort Leavenworth in 1845. He was one of the early settlers and be- 
came one of the leading citizens of these early days. A Christian Church 
at Little Stranger and at Nine Mile were also organized through his 
ministry. 

The first building was a small frame building on the south side of 
Shawnee between Second and Third streets, erected in 1855. This was 
destroyed in the big fire of Leavenworth in 1857. In 1859 the present 
location was secured and the brick church erected at a cost of $7,300. 
The first trustees were J. C. Stone, William S. Yohe, J. P. Marshall, B. S. 
Richards and Geoi-ge Fisher. 

The signers of the charter secured in 1858 were Elder J. B. McCleery, 
Julia McCleery, Dr. E. W. Younkin, R. A. Lovitt, B. S. Richards, W. B. 
Halyard, Sallie L. Halyard, Dr. J. P. Marshall, J. W. Renfrow, Clara Bell, 
Eleanor T. Kelly, Elizabeth M. Wilson and Mary Renfrow. 

The following ministers have served the church since Elder Yohe: 
A. A. Bartholomew, John F. Rodgers, John O'Kane, Calvin Reasoner, 
James J. Sloan, J. P. Bauserman, F. M. Rains, Sumner T. Martin, Elder 
Underwood, Leslie Drake, Benton Bowen, W T illiam H. Embry, T. L. Myers, 
James S. Myers, S. W. Nay, W. J. Dodge, E. L. Cunningham, H. L. Daven- 
port, B. E. Parker, Ernest Seibenthal, Bert E. Stover. 

The church building has been improved many times. The lots cor- 
nering on Sixth Street and Seneca were secured in recent years. A neat 
parsonage has been erected. Th church building has also been improved 
at an expenditure of $4,000 in the past two years. 

The trustees of the church elected in 1920 were A. P. Flack, O. J. 
Snyder, Carl Holman, W. A. Strean and G. F. W. Knuth. The Bible 
School superintendent is W. A. Strean. 



HISTOHY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 225 

The present pastor, Elder Bert E. Stover, after a year in welfare 
work with the American Expeditionary Forces in France, began his min- 
istry here in October, 1919. 

The Evangelical German Lutheran Church was organized in 1861 
with the following members: G. Elbert, Peter Schott, George Lueders, 

Henry Schott, Henry Steinker, F. Scheer, Becker and John Ulrich. 

The Rev. Michael Meier was chosen pastor and he remained their leader 
till 1882. The Rev. C. Hoffner became the pastor in that year. The 
congregation first worshipped on Delaware Street and occupied the build- 
ing on the present site in 1881. It is a brick building costing $3,500 and 
is situated on the northwest corner of Seventh and Miami streets. A 
parsonage is attached to the church. 

The Michigan Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church was organized in 
February, 1888, and at the same time incorporated under the laws of 
Kansas. William Fairchild donated the lots on which the church build- 
ing is located at the northwest corner of Michigan Avenue and Shoemaker- 
Avenue. Mr. Fairchild was a prominent member of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church of Leavenworth. William Dill, also a member of the 
First Methodist Episcopal Church, secured the charter. So this church 
may be considered a child of the First Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Jewish Church. — From their first arrival in the city here the Jews 
have always maintained a house of worship. In early days services were 
held in a building which stood near the northwest corner of Fifth and 
Seneca streets. In 1866 a synagogue was erected on the southeast corner 
of Sixth and Osage streets. Col. R. N. Hershfield, a resident of Kansas 
City. Missouri, is the only living charter member of this church today. 
In 1916 this synagogue was torn down and a new temple erected. This 
structure represents a cost of $35,000.00. Recently a new $2,500.00 pipe 
organ was installed. 

The rabbis who have officiated in the old as well as the new temple 
since 1893 and the term of their rectorship is as follows: Rabbi Rosen- 
pitz, 1893-1894; Rabbi Samuel Marks, 1894-1897; Rabbi Kornfelt, 1897- 
1898 ; Rabbi Zelonika, 1898-1899 ; Rabbi S. Frey, 1899-1901 ; Rabbi Joseph 
Kahn, 1901-1904 ; Rabbi David Liknaitz, 1904-1914 ; Rabbi H. Elkins, 1915- 
1916; Rabbi J. J. Meyerovitz, 1918-1919; and Rabbi Emil Ellinger, who 
has charge at the present time. 

The First Presbyterian Church was organized January 1, 1856. It 
was the first white Presbyterian Church organized in Kansas. With the 
(ID 



226 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

exception of the Southern Methodist Church it was the first religious 
organization in the city of Leavenworth. Rev. C. D. Martin presided at 
the organization, and the following were among the first members : George 
I. Park, Sarah Park, John I. Moore, Jane Moore, R. R. Kirkpatrick, Eliza- 
beth A. Kirkpatrick, Margaret Doyne, John D. Ross, Auley McAuley, Mary 
Douglas and John R. Rapp. 

Rev. A. W. Pitzer, of Danville Seminary, was the first pastor, being 
called in May, 1857. He remained the pastor until 1861, when he resigned 
to take up the cause of the South. From this time on till January 1, 
1863, the church was without a pastor. On this date William S. Sterrett 
became the pastor and remained till July, 1863. On August 6, 1863, 
George S. Woodward, of Parkville, Missouri, was elected pastor and re- 
mained till December 18, 1867, resigning on account of ill health. Under 
his charge the church became prosperous and added a large membership. 

The first church building was erected on Miami Street between Sixth 
and Seventh and was dedicated in July, 1857, by Rev. J. G. Fackler, of 
Liberty, Missouri. The first Sabbath School was organized August 23, 
1857, with six teachers and eighteen scholars. 

The church was united with the Westminster Church February 4, 

1867, and the congregations were joined on March 5, 1867. In February, 

1868, the church resumed its former status in Odd Fellows Hall and Rev. 
William L. Green was chosen pastor May 24, 1868. He held the pastorate 
till October, 1869. William R. Brown became the pastor January 23, 
1870, and remained till January 27, 1873. 

In 1871 the church building was completed on Delaware Street be- 
tween Sixth and Seventh on the north side and was dedicated on October 
22. The cost including the ground was $20,000. In 1879 a large and 
beautiful chapel was built holding about 500 people. Col. J. L. Abernathy 
was the Sunday School superintendent during this time. The Rev. Wil- 
liam Alford, of the Methodist Church, supplied the pulpit for a short time 
after the resignation of Rev. Brown. June 29, 1873, Dr. W. N. Page was 
elected pastor. This building on Delaware Street was used for church 
purposes till January 1, 1909, and soon afterwards sold to the Goodjohn 
Sash and Door Company, who at the present time are using it in their 
business. 

The present church building at the southwest corner of Fourth and 
Walnut streets was dedicated January 1, 1909. It is one of the finest 
church buildings in the city. The cost, including the manse and grounds, 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 227 

is about $80,000. The pipe organ cost $7,000 and was donated by E. P. 
Willson and family. 

Doctor Page continued to be the pastor till 1905, a continuous service 
of thirty-two years. The pastors since then are as follows : R. A. Elwood, 
1905-1908; A. H. Morrison (supply), 1908-1910; R. B. A. McBride, 1910- 
1915; A. B. Miller, 1915-1921, and William R. Dodd, February, 1921. 

The following are some of the elders who have served since the found- 
ing of the church : A. McAuley, George Park, W. C. Yoakum, C. Carlysle, 
B. Greenup, Wilson James, George M. Burrell, H. D. McCarthy, Edward 
Russell, E. P. Wilson, J. L. Abernathy, William Merill, D. C. Hawthorne, 

A. Kirk, R. C. Clement, J. C. Lysle, Ed Burns, C. R. Carpenter, Lewis 
Mayo, Alexander Sharp, W. R. McLaughery, F. Picketts, E. R. Marquis, 
Eugene Burt and C. P. Hollingsworth. 

The following are the official boards: Elders: M. B. McCreary, W. F. 
Cobb, E. S. Catlin, H. Peters, George Baker, W. C. Yoakum, R. B. Yoakum, 

B. G. Culver, Dr. D. R. Sterritt, Albert Kirk and D. D. Dickey. Trustees : 
Homer Cory, Chairman; Dr. Charles Brown, H. C. Feller, George Geiger, 
W. G. Leavel, Laun Clark, Louis Vanderschmidt, Eugene Lysle, Rev. 
Parsons, I. B. Parmalee and Clarence Chase. 

The First Congregational Church was established in the city of Leav- 
enworth in 1857. Prior to this and in the year 1855 Rev. J. N. Byrd 
had settled in Kansas Territory and in the vicinity of Leavenworth. Rev. 
Byrd was an ardent Free State man and early came into disrepute with 
the pro-slavery factions, who did not hesitate to threaten his life because 
of his opposition to them. 

In November, 1857, Rev. R. D. Parker, one of the Kansas Yale Band 
of Volunteers, was commissioned by the Home Missionary Society to hold 
services in the city of Leavenworth. On March 6, 1853, articles of faith 
and a church covenant were adopted by the following twenty-seven per- 
sons, who constituted the original charter members of the church : James 
Taylor, Maria Taylor, C. B. Brace, Harriet N. Brace, Caroline Williams, 
Samuel Norton, Elizabeth Norton, M. S. Adams, Lizzie C. Adams, G. Mor- 
timer Lee, J. A. Bullen, Anna M. Bullen, Anna C. Hastings, S. L. North, 
Maria J. North, A. K. Todd, M. P. Purdy, L. A. McRaw, Lydia E. Wil- 
liams, G. W. Hogeboon, John C. Douglas, R. D. Parker, Thomas Todd, 
Susan M. Todd, John E. Gould, Adelia Gould and Mrs. Mary Scott. A 
council of churches consisting of delegates and ministers from Lawrence, 
Topeka, Quindaro and Grasshopper Falls. 



228 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

In the autumn of 1860 two lots were purchased on the northwest 
corner of Fifth and Delaware streets and the first house of worship of 
this congregation was erected. It was a brick edifice 42x60 feet and cost 
85,000. Its location was that now occupied by the Wulfekuhler Bank 
Building. In 1863 a pipe organ was purchased for the church and in- 
stalled and is to this day in use by the church. The old building was 
yold in the year 1887 and a location at the northeast corner of Fifth and 
Walnut streets was selected, where the congregation caused to be erected 
the present church building at a cost of $30,000. 

The following is a list of the ministers of the First Congregational 
Church from its establishment in the city until the present day and the 
periods of time which they served in that capacity: Rev. R. D. Parker, 
1857-1859; Rev. J. D. Leggett, 1859-1870; Rev. William Kincaid, 1870- 
1876; Rev. Henry L. Hubbell, 1876-1877; Rev. J. C. Bodwell, 1877-1879; 
Rev. W. H. Thomas, 1880-1885; Rev. Josiah H. Jenkins, 1885-1887; Rev. 
Thomas N. Boss, 1888-1896 ; Rev. Charles H. Fenn, 1896-1900 ; Rev. Ralph 
Newman, 1900-1901; Rev. Charles Connolly, 1901-1905; Rev. W. E. Hard- 
ing, 1905-1914, and Rev. W. F. Butcher, the present rector of the church, 
has served since 1914 to this date. 

St. Paul's Episcopal Church — The first effort to establish a parish of 
the Episcopal Church in the city of Leavenworth occurred in November, 
1856, when Rev. Hiram Store commenced his missionary work in the city. 
Later and on December 10, 1856, Rev. Store organized the St. Paul's 
Church of this city. It was the first organized Episcopal parish in the 
territory of Kansas. He remained as pastor of the church from 1856 
unutil 1859. This, the first church of this congregation, was consecrated 
on November 1, 1858. by Bishop Kemper. The consecration of this churcn 
was also the first consecration of any Episcopal Church in the Territory 
of Kansas. 

The location chosen for this church was or at least proved to be un- 
fortunate and impeded in a way the growth of the parish. In October, 
1859, the Rev. Store resigned the rectorship to accept a chaplaincy at 
Fort Leavenworth. 

On March 6, 1863, the Church of St. Paul was reorganized by the 
adoption of a constitution and the election of wardens and a vestry. The 
Rev. John H. Egal, D. D., was called to the rectorship. Steps were at 
once taken to erect a new church building. Three lots were purchased 
on the corner of Seventh and Seneca streets and plans for the erection of 
a building that would seat about BOO people were approved. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 229 

The building of this church was commenced in June, 1863, and on 
Sunday, July 10, 1864, the first services were held there. At that time 
the number of communicants reported was fifty-three. At this date there 
are 252 active members. 

The following is a list of the rectors : Rev. Hiram Store, 1856-1859 ; 
Rev. John H. Egal, 1863-1868; Rev. John M. Kendrick, 1868-1874; Rev. 
Charles S. Daniel, 1876-1877; Rev. Thomas W. Barry, 1878-1883; Rev. 
Charles T. Stout, 1884-1885; Rev. T. C. Tapper, 1886-1891; Rev. S. B. 
Pond, 1891-1893; Rev. N. S. Thomas, 1894-1897; Rev. F. N. Atkins, 1898- 
1907; Rev. James C. Cameron, 1908-1910, and Rev. R. K. Pooley, from 
1911 until this date. 

Cathedral of Immaculate Conception and Catholicy in Leavenworth. 
— Catholicy in Leavenworth County was practically bom with the visit of 
Rev. Joseph Anton Lutz to Cantonment Leavenworth, September 18, 1828. 
Father Lutz had been sent by Bishop Rosati, first bishop of St. Louis at 
that time, to open a mission among the Kansas Indians. His visit to the 
northwestward thirty-seven miles from the Kaw's mouth was merely an 
incident of his labors among the Kanzas. A few years later Father Roux* 
was sent by Bishop Rosati to the mouth of the Kansas River as a mis- 
sionary to the Kansas Indians. During his stay there he made numerous 
visits to the Kickapoo Indians, then living to the northwest of the present 
government reservation and near and about the little village of Kickapoo. 
In a letter under date of January 20, 1834, Father Roux wrote Bishop 
Rosati relative to the Kickapoos as follows: 

"The Kickapoo prophet has two very docile sons, who, like their 
father, show themselves very favorably inclined toward religion. Con- 
cerning that nation I could tell you very many fine things which I have 
heard with my own ears and seen with my own eyes. They pray every 
day, morning and night and before meals; they sanctify Sunday as we 
do and spend it entirely in prayer. They do not swear or wage war, 
nor lie, nor have more than one wife; they believe in Heaven, Purgatory 
and Hell, honor the Blessed Virgin and the Saints, etc. I should never 
finish were I to tell you all the edifying things I saw among them." 

In 1836 a Catholic Mission was opened among the Kickapoo Indians 
at Kickapoo by Rev. Charles Van Quickenborne. Through Father Van 
Quickenborne's solicitations at Washington the sum of $500 a year had 
been allowed for the maintenance of the mission. Funds for the erection 
of the various buildings had been solicited by the reverend father in 



230 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

different eastern cities. With these funds a building was erected and a 
chapel, which was dedicated to St. Francis Xavier. This was the first 
Catholic place of worship in the Missouri Valley. It was not until 1920 
that the last of the old mission building was completely torn down. The 
land where it formerly stood now belongs to 0. M. Spencer. 

In 1837 Father Van Quickenborne was summoned from the mission 
and the next priest to become Father Superior was Rev. Christian Hoecken, 
S. J. On June 21, 1851, Father Hoecken died while aboard a river steam- 
boat near Council Bluffs, Iowa, from cholera, which he had contracted 
from a passenger to whom he had ministered. Rev. Anthony Eysbogels 
then became Father Superior of the Kickapoo Mission. 

Up to 1850 the Indian missions of the Missouri Valley were subject 
to the See of St. Louis, when the Holy See erected the Vicariate Apostolic 
of the Indian Territory East of the Rocky Mountains and appointed the 
Rt. Rev. J. B. Miege Vicar Apostolic. The Vicariate Apostolic over which 
Bishop Miege ruler as spiritual adviser extended from the Kansas River 
at it's mouth to the British possessions on the north and from the Mis- 
souri River west to the Rocky Mountains. Bishop Miege made Potto- 
watomie Mission, which later developed into St. Mary's College, his place 
of residence. 

In 1853 Bishop Miege visited Rome. Upon his return he found that 
Kansas had been opened to white settlers and that several promising 
towns had sprung up in the territory, the most promising of which he 
believed to be Leavenworth. On May 15, 1855, he visited here and cele- 
brated mass and on the same day fixed this city as his permanent residence. 

Shortly after this Bishop Miege purchased some ground near the 
present site of the Cathedral and a temporary frame building 24x40 feet 
was erected to be used for church purposes. Two years later Bishop 
Miege had a larger building 40x100 feet erected, dedicating it to the 
Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 

In 1864 Bishop Miege projected the erection of a cathedral. The 
corner stone for the cathedral as it stands today was laid in September, 
1864. December 8, 1868, the cathedral was ready for dedication. 

The dedication ceremonial was attended by many distinguished pre- 
lates. Among them was the Most Rev. R. P. Kendrick, Archbishop of St. 
Louis; the Rt. Rev. John Hennessey, Bishop of Duquesne; the Rt. Rev. 
James O'Gorman, Vicar Apostolic of Nebraska, and the Rt. Rev. J. J. 
Hogan, of St. Joseph. The sermon in the morning was delivered by Rt. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 231 

Rev. John Hennessey, while that in the evening was delivered by Rev. P. 
J. Ryan, later Archbishop of Philadelphia. 

There is a conflict of opinion among historians as to when, where and 
by whom the first mass was celebrated within the city of Leavenworth. 
Andreas in his "History of Kansas" states that it was celebrated by 
Bishop Miege in the house of a Mrs. Quinn in 1854. The late H. Miles 
Moore in his "Early History of Leavenworth City and County" holds that 
the first Catholic mass was celebrated in the early summer of 1855 by 
the Rev. Father Fish, of Weston, Missouri, at the home of Andy Quinn 
on the south side of Shawnee Street between Second and Third streets, 
where a bureau was pressed into service as an altar. 

The first pastor of the Cathedral parish was Father Heiman. He 
officiated until 1864, being assisted by Rev. James DeFouri and the Jesuit 
Fathers. After that time the following ministers have held the pastorate 
of the parish: Rev. Paul Ponsiglioni, S. J.; Rev. Father Coghlan, S. J.; 
Rev. Father Corbett, S. J. ; Rev. Father Schultz, S. J. ; Rev. Father Panken, 
S. J. ; Rev. Ambrose Butler, S. J. ; Rev. William Fitzgerald ; Rev. James 
DeFouri, V. G. ; Rev. James O'Reilly; Rev. John B. McCune; Rev. John 
Cunningham ; Rev. Father Ward, and Rev. B. S. Kelly, who is at present 
rector and dean of the Cathedral Parish. 

Easton Catholic Church. — The pioneer Catholic family of Leaven- 
worth County was that of Pensoneau, who dwelt on Stranger Creek. The 
name of Lawrence Pensoneau appears in the letters of the first mission- 
aries to this region. He was an agent for the American Fur Company, 
which was largely controlled by the Catholic Chouteau family, one mem- 
ber of which founded St. Louis and another of which was largely instru- 
mental in the founding of Kansas City. The records as far back as the 
early thirties of the last century found in the "Kickapoo Register," which 
is now kept at St. Mary's, Kansas, among the first marriages and bap- 
tisms the name of Pensoneau. 

After Bishop Miege was constituted Vicar Apostolic of all Indian 
missionary work east of the Rocky Mountains, he sent the Rev. Ambrose 
T. Butler to the settlers on Stranger Creek in the vicinity of Easton in 
the year 1854. Among the other priests that were later sent there were 
the Rev. Bernard Hayden, and Rev. Sylvester Meehan. The latter is now 
at Everest, Kansas. Father Hayden has been dead for a number of years. 

In 1889 the Rev. Francis Taton was appointed to Easton and outlying 
missions then comprising Springdale and St. Joseph's at Mount Olivet. 



232 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Father Taton completed a beautiful stone church at Springdale in 1893. 
He built the present St. Joseph's Church at Mount Olivet also. The pres- 
ent pastor at the Mount Olivet Church is Rev. A. Grootaers, who having 
built the present parish house adjoining the church moved there from 
Easton to become the first resident pastor of the St. Joseph's of the Valley 
Church. He was succeeded at Easton by Rev. Father Fisher, now at 
Tonganoxie, Kansas. The next pastor at Easton to follow Father Fisher 
was Father Lercke, who was forced to leave on account of ill health and 
died later in California. His successor was Rev. J. A. Laczniak, who is 
now pastor at the St. Casimer's Catholic Church of Leavenworth. Father 
Lacznizk's predecessor at St. Casimer's was sent to Easton, where he built 
the present beautiful brick church of Roman style. He also furnished 
the church with a beautiful altar and stations and a large bell. 

The Rev. Stephen F. Healy, who is at the present time pastor of the 
St. Lawrence Church at Easton, is a zealous young priest who is well 
pleased with the generous co-operation of his parishoners in religious 
work. He is contemplating the erection of a new rectory in the near 
future. 

The Kickapoo Catholic Church, known as the Sacred Heart Church 
of Kickapoo, has an interesting history. The settlers of Kickapoo and 
vicinity were among the very first in the county of Leavenworth as well 
as the territory of Kansas. Among them were a number of devout 
Catholics. Bishop Miege, after establishing his residence in the city of 
Leavenworth, furnished the parish and vicinity with the services of a 
priest who at first was required to say mass in private residences in the 
neighborhood, the Catholic mission houses at the place having been aban- 
doned. For a number of years the Catholic families of the vicinity were 
forced to do without a church, owing to the bigotry of the Kickapoo Town 
Company, who blocked every effort on the part of the Catholics to get 
ground on which to build a church. At length a tract of land was donated 
to the Catholics to be used for church purposes by Theodore Meyers, an 
early day resident of the city and community and a church was built. 

The priests of St. Joseph's Church were among the first to go to 
Kickapoo. Among the pastors of the church were Rev. M. Huhn, Rev. 
J. Hurley, Rev. James O'Reilly, Rev. T. H. Kinsella, Rev. J. A. Shorter, 
Rev. A. Jennings, Rev. T. J. McCaul and Rev. J. M. Dougherty It was 
during Father Kinsella's pastorate that the old frame church originally 
built was remodeled. A vestibule was added to it during Father Shorter' s 
term as pastor. 



HISTORY OF LE.WENWORTH COUNTY 233 

When Father Dougherty was in charge he found it necessary to build 
a larger and better church. It was during his term as pastor that the 
beautiful brick church was erected that stands there today. After Father 
Dougherty considered that all his time should be taken up with the church 
at the fort, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Ward placed the care of the Kickapoo 
Church under that of the cathedral clergy. Rev. B. S. Kelly being rector 
there, the Rev. Thomas McNamara, assistant at the cathedral, usually 
held divine services at the Kickapoo Church. He built there a modern 
two-story brick rectory and was appointed resident pastor. Upon Rev. 
Father McNamara's being transferred to Blaine, Kansas, the Rev. R. B. 
Groener was appointed resident pastor at Kickapoo. Father Groener at 
the present time has complete charge of the Kickapoo parish. 

The Catholic Church at Hoge. — The priests stationed in Leavenworth 
did not neglect any of the Catholic families even though they lived miles 
away during the early days. There being a number of Catholic families 
living in the community now known as Hoge during the early days of 
statehood, a congregation was organized there by Rev. Aloysius Laigneil, 
S. J., who resided at the cathedral in 1866, and a church was built and 
placed under the invocation of the Holy Angels. One year following this, 
Rev. Laigneil was succeeded in the pastorate by Rev. Ambrose Butler, 
who before the end of the year 1867 was replaced by Rev. Joseph Perrier, 
who remained four years. 

The rectors of the Holy Angels' Church at Hoge from 1871 to 1874 
were the following: Rev. John Murphy, Rev. M. J. Dougherty and Rev. 
P. J. Tuit. In 1874 Rev. Ambrose Butler returned and remained until 
1875. His successor at Hoge was the Rev. John Leary. He remained 
there as rector until 1879. 

The next rectors at Hoge in the succession in which they held the 
pastorate were as follows: Rev. Michael Browne, Rev. Bernard Hayden, 
Rev. Michael Harrigan, Rev. Peter Bishop, Rev. James McNamee, Rev. 
Patrick Shields, Rev. M. D. Cavanaugh, Rev. P. J. Kennedy, Rev. Sylvester 
Meehan, Rev. Eugene Dekat and Rev. Thomas J. McCaul. The Revs. 
James McNamee and Thomas J. McCaul died while at Hoge in charge of 
the prison there. 

The present pastor, Father Twomey, has replaced the old stone church 
with a handsome brick edifice in the Roman style and dedicated the new 
church to St. Patrick. The altar and other interior furnishings are very 
beautiful and are in keeping with the architecture. A Catholic Cemetery 



234 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

adjoins the church in which many of the pioneer Catholics of this com- 
munity have long since been laid to rest. A beautiful monument has 
been erected in the cemetery by the members of the parish in honor of 
the Rev. James McNamee, who died at Hoge attending his parish. 

The Catholic Church at Lansing was originally located at the city of 
Old Delaware, which stood about two miles east of the present site of 
Lansing. It was dedicated, when built, which was at an early date when 
Delaware was making a strong bid for city supremacy in Leavenworth 
County, to St. Francis de Sales. 

Father Downey, who was succeeded at the fort parish and also in 
the mission in Delaware Township by Rev. John Hurley, had made nu- 
merous attempts to secure a site for a church in the city of Lansing 
without avail. Father Kinsella, who succeeded Rev. John Hurley at the 
Delaware Mission, bought the ground in Lansing on which the Catholic 
Church of that place now stands and had the small church building which 
was standing on the present site of old Delaware moved -to the new 
location. 

In 1888 Father Kinsella was succeeded as rector of the Lansing 
Church by the Rev. E. Coolen, who is now in the Wichita Diocese. In 1890 
the Rev. H. Eummellen had charge of the Delaware Mission for a period 
of about five months. During their rectorship there Fathers Coolen and 
Eummellen visited the Kansas Penitentiary and said mass each month. 
They also had charge of the Holy Epiphany Church while there. Father 
Shorter succeeded them, having in addition the Kickapoo Mission and the 
St. John's Hospital. 

Following Father Shorter the Rev. J. Heuberger was appointed chap- 
lain of the St. Vincent's Home and was also given charge of the St. Francis 
de Sales parish at Lansing. When he received an appointment in Miami 
County, Father Shorter was succeeded by Rev. J. W. Gormley, who was 
in turn succeeded by Rev. Patrick Smith. It was during the rectorship 
of Father Smith that a building fund was collected. Father Smith's suc- 
cessor increased this fund and during the rectorship of Father McManus, 
who succeeded Father Smith, and the Rev. F. A. Geinitz, who in turn 
succeeded him, this fund had reached such proportions that Father Gein- 
itz decided that instead of erecting a new building the addition of a 
transept with other changes would answer the immediate needs of the 
parish. Alterations and improvements were accordingly made. Stained 
glass windows, new pews and a furnace were installed. During this time 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 235 

Father R. B. Groener, who had been away on account of ill health, re- 
turned from Wyoming. He was shortly after his return appointed by 
Bishop Ward, chaplain of St. Vincent's Home and rector of St. Francis 
de Sales Church at Lansing. When Father Groener was transferred to 
the Sacred Heart Church at Kickapoo he was succeeded at Lansing by 
Father O'Farrell. The Rev. Father Malloy succeeded Father O'Farrell 
at St. Francis de Sales and is in charge there at the present time. 

Tonganoxie Catholic Church. — The Catholics in the Tonganoxie com- 
munity were visited in the early days of the county by Rev. Louis Guen- 
ther, 0. C. C, and other priests of the neighboring missions. 

When St. Patrick's Church at Hoge received a resident priest in 
Father McCaul, he and his successors there attended Tonganoxie as a 
mission. 

The Rev. O. E. Degan, Rev. J. A. Budrean and Rev. E. Fischer, who 
is now pastor at Holy Family Church at Tonganoxie, have succeeded one 
another as resident priests of the church at Tonganoxie. 

The Sisters of Charity, of Nazareth, was founded by a priest by the 
name of John Baptist Mary David, who came to America from France 
with the future Bishop Flaget, whose coadjutor he became in Bardstown, 
Kentucky. Their first school was opened there in 1819. Their rule was 
founded after that of St. Vincent de Paul. 

In 1841 the nucleus of a new community went to Nashville, Tennes- 
see for educational and charitable work. In 1858 the Nashville com- 
munity was invited to Leavenworth by Bishop Miege, who afterward 
always considered this one of the greatest things he had done for Kansas. 
The first Sister Superior here for the Sisters was Mother Francis Xavier. 
Around this most amiable personage there is woven a wealth of history 
and romance that essences of the most beautiful thought. She was born 
November 13, 1813, in Cincinnati, Ohio, of Protestant parentage, her 
father being a Methodist minister. On her first entering the Novitiate 
at Nazareth, her father came after her and forced her to return home. 
There was no objection on the part of her mother to her taking up her 
chosen work, and shortly afterward she escaped from home and again 
returned to the Sisters of Nazareth. The mother of Sister Xavier wrote 
kindly and frequently to the convert daughter, but the father remained 
bitter toward the daughter to the end of his life. After finishing her 
novitiate Sister Xavier was sent to Louisville, Kentucky, where she had 
charge of an orphanage for a time. In 1853 she was sent to Nashville, 



236 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Tennessee, from which place she came to Leavenworth in 1858. Sister 
Xavier died April 2, 1895, being at the time of her death over eighty-one 
years of age. 

Soon after their arrival in Leavenworth the Sisters began teaching 
in two small frame buildings. In 1860 a boarding school was opened in 
a rented building, but shortly after this Bishop Miege erected an academy, 
to which girls were sent from neighboring territories. A novitiate was 
approved by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Miege and the Sisters began receiving 
candidates for the Sisterhood. In 1868 St. Mary's Female Academy, con- 
ducted by the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul of Leavenworth, 
Kansas, was incorporated under the state laws of the State of Kansas, 
and thereafter conferred diplomas of graduation on those who had finished 
satisfactorily the academy's course of studies. 

Mount St. Mary's Academy. — In 1868 it was found necessary to plan 
a larger building than the Sisters then had for a mother-house of the 
Leavenworth Sisters. On April 30, 1868, the foundation of the present 
Mount St. Mary's Academy south of the city of Leavenworth was com- 
menced. In a short time the sisters obtained thirty-five acres of ground 
which has been increased by later purchases. James A. McGonigale re- 
ceived the contract for building the academy. The architecture is of the 
Italian order and the academy as it now stands is one of the finest educa- 
tional institutions in the country. 

The completed building was occupied by the sisters in 1870. Before 
it was completed the sisters found themselves short of funds. A loan of 
$25,000.00 was secured through a St. Louis bank, which enabled them to 
properly equip and furnish the building. 

With the exception of three terms of office held by Mother Vincent. 
Mother Xavier was Superior of the Leavenworth Sisters until 1877, when 
Mother Josephine Cantwell was elected. Mother Cantwell was very effi- 
cient in paying off the debt of the property. In 1886 she was succeeded 
in the office of Mother Superior by Sr. Josepha Sullivan, who secured a 
second state charter for the community in 1892. In 1890 the erection 
of a handsome addition conformable in style to the original building was, 
begun. The addition comprises the spacious chapel of the Annunciation. 
It was dedicated by the Rt. Rev. L. M. Fink, O. S. B. D. D., December 6, 
1894. Buildings equal to those described have since been added. Xavier 
Hall has a seating capacity of 500. The new Annunciation Chapel is a 
fine specimen of the Basilica style. Its fine marble altars and its paint- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 237 

ings including the stations are works of art. The teaching staff is well 
equipped to give the students a thorough academic education. At the 
present time there are over 100 students enrolled. 

The Sisters cf Charity also conduct the parochial schools in the 
cathedral parish, Sacred Heart parish, and St. Joseph's parish. The pupils 
in these three schools number about 600. They also act as teachers in 
the Leavenworth Catholic High School, which has over 100 pupils en- 
rolled. 

St. Vincent's Home. — It was the desire of Bishop Miege, once the 
Sisters of Charity were located in Leavenworth, to establish an Orphan's 
Home or Asylum. Accordingly a fair was held under the direction of 
Bishop Miege in 1862 and from the proceeds, which amounted to $7,000.00, 
a neat two-story brick building was erected before the end of the year. 
It was located on Kickapoo Street and it was here that the orphans of 
Leavenworth received a home under the charge of the Leavenworth 
Sisters of Charity. 

The Orphanage was later removed to its present location by Bishop 
Fink. The building erected by Bishop Fink was improved and enlarged 
by Bishop Lillis and more land was added. At the present time accom- 
modations can be furnished 100 children. 

St. John's Hospital. — Another and one of the most valuable of insti- 
tutions which was built and conducted by the Sisters of Charity in the 
city of Leavenworth was St. John's Hospital. This was opened by the 
Sisters March 15, 1864. At that time it was the only hospital in Kansas. 

The first Sister Superior of the hospital was Sister Joanna. Several 
times the old building was improved and remodeled and in 1911 the hos- 
pital was entirely reconstructed and modernized so as to make its equip- 
ment equal to the best. At the present time it has a capacity of seventy- 
five beds. It has a training school and a maternity department. The 
hospital affords every facility for diagnosis and for medical and surgical 
operations, including an operating room with every modern improvement. 

St. John's has an "open staff" of physicians, so that any reputable 
physician can attend his patients that may be there. It has done a great 
deal of charity work and is now well patronized. Its doors are open 
to all colors and creeds. 

St. Joseph's Church, Leavenworth. — When the Rt. Rev. Louis Mary 
Fink was consecrated Bishop of Eucarpia as coadjutor to Bishop Miege 
his first public function in Kansas was the consecration of St. Joseph's 



238 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Church at Leavenworth on June 16, 1871. Bishop Miege himself cele- 
brated the solemn high mass. 

In the year 1858 Rev. Casimer Seitz, 0. B., who was the first priest 
ordained by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Miege in Leavenworth, erected a frame 
building two stories in height to answer the parochial requirements of a 
new parish in Leavenworth for the Catholic Germans. A Catholic school 
was also instituted shortly afterward. Father Casimer Seitz was suc- 
ceeded by the Rev. Father Fisch, who said the first mass there on June 13, 
1855. Father Aloys Mayer had charge of the parish in 1859. In 1863 
Rev. Anthony Kuhls, who is now Monsignore, and who after leaving 
Leavenworth was pastor at St. Mary's, Kansas City, Kansas, for forty- 
four years, assisted Father Fisch and when the latter was forced through 
ill health to retire Father Kuhls took charge of the parish until October, 
1864. 

Father Kuhls was succeeded at this parish by the Revs. Cyril Knoll 
and Xavier Huber, two Carmelite Fathers, who had come during the early 
part of the year 1864 from Germany. The Rev. Father Heimann, who 
was the first secular priest in the vicariate and who was the first priest 
with Bishop Miege in Leavenworth, with the exception of Father Fisch, 
joined the Carmelites in 1865, as well as did Rev. Father Louis Guenther. 
Subsequent to his joining this order Father Heimann was known as Father 
Albert, O. C. C. It was Father Albert that built the beautiful St. Joseph's 
Church which was consecrated by Bishop Fink on Corpus Christi, 1871. 
Father Louis, 0. C. C, succeeded Father Albert as rector of this parish 
and during his incumbency built the three story parish house. 

In 1882 the Rev. Father Bernard Fink, 0. C. C, became rector of 
the parish. He remained until 1887, when he was succeeded by the Rev. 
Otto Wiedeman, who added the transepts to the church and had the in- 
teriors decorated. In 1890 Father Leo Vanden Heuvel took charge of the 
pastorate. During his pastoral administration the new stations in bas 
relief were donated in memory of the Mergen de Leglise families. The 
"Sorrowful Mother" of "Pieta" in heroic size was also added for the de- 
votion of the congregation. Chime bells were also hung in the tower, 
which were blessed by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Fink. 

In 1895 the Rev. Father Louis Guenther returned and a little later 
the corner stone for a new school building was laid. The dedication took 
place on the Feast of the Patronage of St. Joseph, April 26, 1896, the Rev. 
Father Aloysius Bradley, 0. S. B., preaching the dedication sermon. In 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 239 

May, 1896, the new brick building two stories in height was ready for 
occupancy and 200 children find ample accommodation there. The Rev. 
Father Ferdinand Vander Stay, who had been assisting Father Louis 
Guenther, was placed in charge of the pastorate when ill health forced 
Father Louis to retire. During the latter part of the year 1903 he died 
here and was buried from the St. Joseph's Church, the Rt. Rev. Bishop' 
Fink officiating at his funeral and Father Beck, of Argentine, preaching 
an interesting sermon. 

In 1903 Father Sebastian Urnauer, O. C. C, became pastor of St. 
Joseph's parish. He made many valuable improvements in the church 
and schools. He was succeeded in 1906 by Father Ferdinand, who had 
been his predecessor. Father Ferdinand had the church refrescoed and 
repaired in many ways in preparation of the parish's Golden Jubilee, which 
was held May the 10th to 12th, 1908. Pontifical High Mass was cele- 
brated on the first day by Bishop T. F. Lillis, of Leavenworth; on the 
second day by Bishop Cunningham, of Concordia, and, on the third day 
by Rt. Rev. Abbot Innocent Wolf, Abbot of St. Benedict's, Atchison, Kan- 
sas. Shortly after this Father Ferdinand was called east and Father 
Sebastian was again placed in charge. Father Sebstian was succeeded 
by Father Peter, O. C. C, who served two terms of three years each, and 
he was succeeded by Father Angela Lager, the present pastor, who is 
assisted by Rev. Xavier Tynan, O. C. C. 

St. Joseph's Benevolent Society was organized in this parish in Octo- 
ber, 1859. On October 20, 1879, P. C. Becker instituted the first branch 
of the Catholic Mutual Benevolent Association in Kansas at this parish. 
A Young Ladies Sodality of the Blessed Virgin was organized in the 
parish in 1871 by Rev. Father Albert Heimann. The Society of Christian 
Mothers, The Young Men's Casino and the L. C. B. A. are also flourishing 
organizations of the St. Joseph's parish. 

On December 10, 1903, Bishop Fink dedicated the new chapel under 
the title of Our Lady of Lourdes. In the city Father Shorter has built 
a school west of the Holy Epiphany Church at a cost of $5,000.00 and 
a roomy two-story building to the east of the church as a home for the 
Oblate Sisters and dependent colored girls, where they are given needed 
care and attention. 

Father Shorter is still in charge of the colored mission work in 
Leavenworth and of the prisoners in the penitentiary here after a period 
of more than thirty years. In 1909 Rev. Thomas F. Lillis appointed 
Father Shorter Vicar General of Leavenworth. 



240 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH^. COUNTY 

Holy Epiphany Church owes its origin to the zeal of Rev. M. Huhn, 
who, encouraged by Bishop Fink, collected in the diocese the sum neces- 
sary for the building of the church. The cornerstone of the structure 
was laid September 29, 1878, and it was dedicated August 20, 1879. It 
was the first Catholic Church west of St. Louis built for a colored congre- 
gation and the first confirmation services were conducted there by Bishop 
Fink November 15, 1878. 

It was through Father Huhn's efforts that a Guardian Angel's Home, 
one of the very first institutions in the country for the care of homeless 
colored boys, was begun. In 1887 he transferred this institution to Texas. 
In 1889, however, the Colored Orphan's Home was reorganized by the 
Oblate Sisters of Baltimore. 

Before the arrival of Father Shorter in 1890, Rev. E. Coolen and 
the Rev. H. Eummellen held services at regular intervals at Holy Epiphany 
Church. Upon Father Shorter's taking charge he pressed the church 
basement into service for school purposes and mass was celebrated at 
this church more frequently. When the number of orphans cared for in 
the school and home increased more sisters came from Baltimore to 
assist, and Bishop Fink authorized the purchase of the Whitaker home- 
stead with forty acres of ground. The orphans were subsequent to this 
moved from the city to their new home, where in charge of the Oblate 
Sisters of Providence they continued under the direction of Father 
Shorter. 

The buildings of the home as they exist today were added from time 
to time. Forty acres more of land was added to the grounds during 
Lillis' administration. 

Sacred Heart Church. — The Sacred Heart parish was organized by 
the Rev. Thomas Downey, who also built the present Sacred Heart Church, 
a two-story brick structure with a tower. The building as originally 
built still serves for church and school purposes. It was during the 
pastoral administration of Father Burke that the parish house was erected. 

Rev. Father Burke was succeeded as pastor of the Sacred Heart par- 
ish by Rev. R. B. Groener, who at the present time is pastor of the Sacred 
Heart Church of Kickapoo. Rev. Patrick Smith, who is at the present 
time pastor of the Sacred Heart parish of Leavenworth, succeeded Father 
Groener. He is a native of Kansas and an alumnus of St. Benedict's at 
Atchison. Shortly after his ordination he was appointed chaplain of St. 
Vincent's Home and pastor of St. Francis de Sales Church at Lansing, 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 241 

where he was transferred to Blaine and Wheaton, from which places he 
received his appointment to the Sacred Heart Church. The school at the 
Sacred Heart Church is taught by the Sisters of Charity. 

St. Casimer's Church. — St. Casimer's parish and church is among 
the younger of the Catholic Churches organized and built in Leavenworth 
City and County. The parish was organized and the present church built 
by Rev. A. Smietana in 1896. One year later Rev. John Grudzinski was 
ordained # and in 1897 he was appointed as successor to Father Smietana. 
He arrived to take charge of his pastorate on Thanksgiving Day and 
found a debt of over 83,000 hanging over the parish. Father Grudzinski 
being a zealous worker scon liquidated this debt and set out to make 
additional improvements. He enlarged and decorated the church with 
side altars and purchased a suitable bell and also built a beautiful parish 
house at a cost of 85,500.00 and a fine school building that cost more than 
twice as much. This school is conducted by the Felician Sisters, who 
have quarters in the school building. 

Father Grudzinski was succeeded at the St. Casimer's parish by Rev. 
Frank Kozlowski. When Fther Kozlowski was transferred to the parish 
at Easton, Kansas, he was succeeded by Rev. Joseph Laczniak at St. 
Casimer's, who is rector there at the present time. 

Catholic Church at Fort Leavenworth. — When the building of a 
Catholic Church at Fort Leavenworth was first undertaken there was at 
the fort many civilian employees whose number was greatly reduced a 
short time afterward, making it a very difficult task to pay off the in- 
debtedness incurred in the initial erection of a church. General Morgan 
and Ordinance Sergeant Cornelius Kelly were among the most ardent early 
day workers in this parish. When the work of building a Catholic Church 
there was begun they had collected a sum amounting to $3,000.00. which 
was used to defray initial and immediate expenses. 

The cornerstone of the first Catholic Church at the fort was laid in 
the fall of 1871 and the work was rushed forward with considerable help 
from the Quartermaster's Department. The church upon its completion 
was dedicated under the title of St. Ignatius Chapel in honor of the 
founder of the Society of Jesus. Father Ambrose Butler was one of the 
early day pastors of the parish. He was succeeded by Rev. James 
O'Reilly, who remained pastor for about five years. During his adminis- 
tration he succeeded in relieving the parish of all its indebtedness and 
having the church handsomely furnished. 

(12) 



242 «Y OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The first resident priest of the Fort Leavenworth parish was Rev. 
T. F. Kinsella, who about a month after his ordination at the cathedral, 
July 17, 1884, was assigned to the Fort Leavenworth parish. At that 
time his duties included that of being chaplain at the United States Mili- 
tary Prison. In 1885 Father Kinsella, who had made a request to the 
War Department for permission to build a rectory, was notified by that 
body that his request had been denied and that the government desired 
to purchase or remove the Catholic Church at the fort, together with the 
building that was used for school purposes. The government subsequent 
to this purchased the Catholic Church building and authorized the selec- 
tion of a new site for the church by the church authorities. It was not 
until June 27, 1889, that Bishop Fink and the government officials finally 
agreed upon the terms and conditions that the church was to be built at 
the fort and on August 18, 1889, Bishop Fink laid the cornerstone for 
the present church at the fort which wa^ dedicated December 22, 1889. 
The new edifice was of Gothic design and was erected at a total cost of 
$15,233.85. 

In January, 1892, Father Kinsella was succeeded at the fort parish 
by Rev. Alexander Jennings, who remained in charge there until April 
18, 1895, when the Rev. Thomas McCaul took charge and continued as 
pastor until November 12, 1905. The Military Prison, which has been 
transferred into the Federal Prison, was attended by Father McCaul. He 
was the first clergyman here to receive an annual salary of $300.00 for 
his services at the prisen. When Father McCaul was sent to the parish 
at Hoge, Rev. William Ospital, O. S. B., a father of the Sacred Heart 
Abbey, Oklahoma, succeeded him. He was in turn succeeded by a priest 
of the same Abbey, Rev. J. M. Dougherty, on August 27, 1908. Father 
Dougherty has remained in charge of the fort parish from the last men- 
tioned date until the present time. 

The Catholic Church at the Soldiers Home. — When the western 
branch of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers was estab- 
lished, the need of a Catholic chaplain to minister to the needs of the 
Catholic veterans was early recognized. The Rev. Peter Flannagan, who 
was at that time pastor of St. Francis de Sales at Lansing for a short 
time, supplied this want and then was succeeded by Rev. M. A. Finn, who 
was also chaplain of St. Vincent's Home. 

Father Finn was succeeded by Rev. T. F. Kinsella. who held the 
chaplaincy of the home for a period of seventeen years. When Rev. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 243 

Father Kinsella was sent to Paola as chaplain of the Ursuline Academy, he 
was succeeded at the Soldiers Home by Rev. Francis Pottgieser, who re- 
mained until March 1, 1918, when he was succeeded by the Rev. Owen 
Degan. Father Degan died during the month of December, 1918, and 
the Rev. Francis Taton was appointed chaplain at the Soldiers Home 
parish. Father Taton at the present time is chaplain at this parish 
and church. 

First Church of Christ, Scientist. — The introduction of Christian 
Science in the city of Leavenworth was brought about in the year 1885 
through the mediumship of two students who began holding services in 
their own homes. Some seven years later and on the 27th day of De- 
cember, 1892, the First Church of Christ, Scientist, was organized with 
fourteen members. Several years later a charter was obtained. A read- 
ing room was established February 26, 1899, and lectures have been given 
yearly since 1898. 

For years services were held in various down-town buildings. In 1903 
the building now owned by this congregation was purchased from the 
English Lutheran Church. The growth of this organization has been 
gradual until at the present time there is a large and prosperous con- 
gregation. 



CHAPTER XIII 



LODGES, CLUBS AND SOCIETIES. 



ABDALLAH TEMPLE— MASONIC LODGES— KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS— INDEPENDENT 
ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS— MODERN WOODMEN OF AMERICA— WOMAN'S AUX- 
ILIARY OF AMERICAN LEGION— KANSAS FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS— 
CHAUTAUQUA ASSOCIATION— YOEMEN— KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS 

The Abdallah Temple, Ancient Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, 

was chartered March 28, 1887, and is located at Leavenworth. It has a 
membership of 4,500 and its jurisdiction extends over nineteen counties 
in the northeastern part of Kansas. The Temple is located on Shawnee 
street, between Fifth and Sixth, on the site of the old Crawford Opera 
House which was purchased December 11, 1910. A new temple is being 
erected on the lots just west of the present temple. The new structure 
will cost about $200,000 when completed. The Shrine owns the park 
southwest of the city, formerly known as the Leavenworth County Fair 
Association Park. It is fitted up with a lake, bath houses, dancing pa- 
vilion, race track and other places of amusement. The membership is 
made up of Knight Templars and Scottish Rite Masons. Shrine Clubs are 
located at Atchison, Emporia, Hiawatha, Kansas City, Lawrence, Marys- 
ville, Ottawa, and Topeka, all under the jurisdiction of Abdallah Temple 
at Leavenworth, 

The temple maintains a band and a patrol, located at Leavenworth. 
At the time of the ceremonials which are held several times during the 
year, large number of members come to Leavenworth from the surround- 
ing district. 

The first officers were: Richard A. Ketner, Potentate; Dwight By- 
ington, Chief Rabban; Carle A. Woodruff, Assistant Rabban; Tullius C. 
Tupper, High Priest; Edward W. Osgood, Oriental Guide; John M. Laing, 
Treasurer; La Martine Cretors, Recorder. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 245 

The present officers are : John A. Steinmeyer, Potentate ; T. I. Mains, 
Chief Rabban ; Samuel L. Courtney, Assistant Rabban ; Asa T. Hoge, High 
Priest; Charles K. Haw, Recorder; O. B. Taylor, Jr., Treasurer; John H. 
Atwood, Ad Vitam ; J. H. Steinmeyer, F. L. Olson, Horace T. Phinney, John 
N. Johnson, Representatives to Grand Council; William Newmark, First 
Ceremonial Master; M. B. Hamilton, Second Ceremonial Master; J. W. 
Farley, Marshal ; C. F. Mattmiller, Captain Guards ; Ed. W. Osgood, First 
Alchemist; J. P. Dobbs, Second Alchemist; J. F. Schiffer, Outer Guard; 
Oscar Helmers, Director of Work; Fred L. Olson, Class Director; George 
Fisher, Captain of Patrol; R. K. Pooley, Organist; Peter Strauss, Execu- 
tioner; John McNarry, Official Announcer; Webb Tholen, Electrician; A. 
R. Evans, Electrician; Herman Weidman, Sand Heater. 

Henri Lodge No. 190, A. F. & A. M. of Tonganoxie was organized 
December 27, 1879, with the following charter members: 0. K. Lock- 
wood, J. M. Phenicie, S. B. Cantrell, J. C. Alexander, A. L. Jacobs and 
A. Mac Lawrence, John Divelbees, Edward Bowman, James Duncanson, 
E. H. Linton, John Billingsley, J. S. Grist, Charles Collins, C. J. Halstead, 
Charles Collins is the only charter member now living. E. H. Linton was 
the first Master and James Duncanson its first Secretary. 

Grafton D. Whitaker, Jr., is the present Master and William Hevnen 
the Secretary. 

Hancock Lodge No. 311, A. F. & A. M. was chartered February 20, 
1889, and is located at Ft. Leavenworth. There are 494 members made 
up principally of officers and enlisted men of the army. Charles M. Snell 
is Master; Fred Nodsle, Secretary; Ezra B. Fuller, Treasurer; Russell P. 
Reeder, S. W. ; William J. Snyder, J. W. ; Fred Jensen, S. D. ; Edward Wil- 
son, J. D. ; Henry J. Matchett, S. S. ; John E. Stafford, J. S. ; Raymond Kis- 
cadden, Tyler. 

Linwood Lodge No. 241 of Linwood was chartered February 19, 1885. 
It has seventy-six members. Charles H. Harris is the Master and Archie 
T. Meinke is the Secretary. 

Nine Mile Lodge No. 49, A. F. & A. M., at Lansing, Kansas, was char- 
tered October 17, 1866. It now has a membership of ninety-nine. The 
following are the officers : U. J. Matthey, W. M. ; Paul B. Owens, S. W. : 
David T. Lindsey, J. W.; T. J. Boone, Sec; William A. Harmon, Treas.; 
Charles L. Cherry, S. D. ; Orvil F. Spencer, J. D. ; W. O. Thomas, Tyler ; 
George E. Carr, S. S.; William R. McCormick, J. S. Trustees: W. 0. 
Thomas, Orvil M. Spencer, C. L. Cherry. 



246 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The fiftieth anniversary was celebrated October 17, 1916, with a 
sumptuous banquet and an excellent program given in the chapel of the 
State Prison. Frank Gable, one of the charter members, was present on 
the occasion and delivered an address on the early history of the lodge. 

Boling Lodge No. 365 A. F. & A. M., was chartered February 17, 
1904. It has a present membership of forty-eight. The following are the 
officers: C. M. Bozworth, W. M.; H. Smith, S. W.; H. Starns, J. W.; W. 
Hedges, S. D. ; F. McCune, J. D.; William Boling, Treasurer; George 
Hobbs, Secretary; Len Pitts, Tyler; Fred Sloan, S. S. 

Leavenworth Lodge No. 2, A. F. & A. M. — Organized January 18, 
1855, with R. R. Rees, W. M. ; A. Payne, S. W. ; Auley McAuley, J. W. ; 
Charles Mundy, Secretary; George B. Panton, Treasurer; L. J. Easton, 
S. D ; J. M. Alexander, J. D. ; J. J. Bentz, Tyler. It was organized under 
dispensation from the Grand Lodge of Missouri. It was chartered by the 
Grand Lodge of Missouri as Leavenworth Lodge No. 150, June 16, 1855, 
and chartered by the Grand Lodge of Kansas July 14, 1856, as Leaven- 
worth Lodge No. 2. It is the oldest Masonic Lodge in Kansas under con- 
tinuous operation. 

The present officers are as follows : H. L. Justus, W. M. ; D. S. Lewis, 
S. W.; C. E. Rosenquist, J. W.; C. E. Cart, Treasurer; Ed. W. Osgood, Sec- 
retary (has been Secretary since 1876) ; Lazarus Loeb, S. D. ; Carl Jenson, 
J. D.; Charles Tholen, S. S. ; Alfred Alexander, J. S. ; Joseph Chalmers, 
Tyler. First officers were as follows : R. R. Rees, A. Payne, Auley McAu- 
ley; George B. Panton, Charles Mundy, L. J. Easton, J. M. Alexander, 
J. J. Bentz. There were 343 members on February 12, 1921. 

King Solomon Lodge No. 10 was organized November 30, 1857, under 
dispensation granted by M. W. Richard R. Rees, Grand Master of Kansas. 
In October, 1858, a charter was granted. Calvary Lodge No. 50 was con- 
solidated with King Solomon by approval of the Grand Master on May 
19, 1876. 

The present officers are as follows: Edward Eraser W. M. ; R. C. 
Thornton, S. W. ; H. J. Cramm, J. W. ; Harry Simonn, S. D. ; A. W. Kim- 
ball, J. D. ; Earl Eschlemann, S. S. ; V. A. Hank, J. S. ; Elmer McCool, Sec- 
retary; Clarence Rohrbough, Treasurer; Joseph Chalmers, Tyler. First 
officers were as follows: Henry C. Justice, Moses S. Adams, George A. 
Eddy, H. H. Beck, J. J. Clarkson. There are 371 members on February 
12, 1921. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 247 

Hiram Lodge No. 68 was organized January 18, 1868, and chartered 
on October 21, 1868, with the following charter members: Barnard 
Flesher, George Einstein, David Prager, John Switzer, Sam Suman, Julius 
Levi, Benjamin Thuse, Walter Wetheim, Joseph Westenberger, Joseph 
Waise, Dr. C. C. Shoyer and Sam Wolf. 

The present officers are as follows: Edwin Sickel, W. M. ; Elzra W. 
Reel, S. W. ; J. Ross Perkins, J. W. ; Harry Coldren, Jr., S. D. ; William H. 
Case, J. H.; William Rumford, S. S.; H. W. Coldren, J. S.; Joseph Chal- 
mers, Tyler; George Leak, Secretary; Morris - Toff ler, Treasurer. First 
officers were as follows: George Einstein, B. Flesher, J. Simmons. There 
were 229 members on February 12, 1921. 

Leavenworth Chapter No. 2, R. A. M., was instituted by the General 
Grand Chapter of the United States, February 27, 1857. The charter was 
received September 9, 1865. The date of the charter from the Grand 
Chapter of Kansas, October 19, 1868. The first officers were R. R. Rees, 
H. P. ; Leander Kerr, King ; E. E. McCarty, Scribe. 

The present officers are as follows: Maj. H. G. Stahl, High Priest; 
Rolo Lawn, King; Joseph F. Seymour, Scribe; John McCool, Treasurer; 
Ed. W. Osgood, Secretary; John McFarland, Capt. of Hosts; Carl Jensen, 
Principal Sojourner; Charles W. Tholen, R. A. Captain; James E. Snyder, 
Master 3d Veil ; Dr. Van Manning, Master 2d Veil ; Albert Kihm, Master 
1st Veil; Joseph Chalmers, Sentinel. The number of members on Febru- 
ary 12, 1921, was 400. 

Leavenworth Conunandery No. 1, Knight Templar, was organized 
February 10, 1864, by the General Grand Commandery with the following 
as officers: T. A. Hurd, Em. Commander; R. R. Rees, Generalissimo; L. P. 
Stiles, Captain General. 

The present officers are: Robert Hertel, Jr., Em. Commander; Ben- 
jamin F. Heis, Generalissimo; Col. Frank D. Webster, Capt. General; 
George Pulsifer, Prelate; W. D. Woodman, Sr. Warden; C. L. D. Terry, 
Jr. Warden; Asa Hoge, Treasurer; Ed. W. Osgood, Recorder; Eugene N. 
Meyer, Standard Bearer; James Franks, Sword Bearer; Ed. C. Lingen- 
felser, Warder; Joseph Chalmers, Guard. Number of members February 
12, 1921, 359. 

Scottish Rite-EIeusis Lodge of Perfection No. 1 was organized in 1871 
and received its charter from the southern jurisdiction of the United 
States. The first officers were as follows : P. J. Freling, V. Master ; John 
Westlake, S. W. ; Ed. W. Osgood, J. W. ; J. W. Park, Secretary. 



248 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The lodge was afterwards moved to Topeka, Kansas, with the same 
number and Abdallah Temple of Mystic Shrine was organized in Leaven- 
worth. This was by mutual agreement between members of the two 
bodies in Leavenworth and Topeka and that Topeka should not ask for 
a Shrine nor Leavenworth ask for a Scottish Rite. 

Leavenworth Council No. 1, Royal and Select Masters, was organized 
December 16, 1865, and received a charter May 24, 1866, from the Grand 
Council of Missouri. The Grand Council of Kansas gave a charter Decem- 
ber 12, 1867. 

The present officers are as follows : Joseph F. Seymour, Master ; H. G. 
Stahl, Deputy; Rollo Lawn, P. C. W.; Asa T. Hoge, Treasurer; Fred T. 
Nye, Recorder; Carl Jensen, C. G.; Fred M. Patton, C. C; Edward L. 
Luther, Steward ; Jerome A. Chalmers, Sentinel. 

The charter members were as follows : R. R. Rees, Dwight Byington, 
N. Daniels, Dr. S. Houston, Otto C. Beeler, M. B. Haas, Jacob D. Rush, 
Fritz Magers, A. Cohn. 

Past Masters : John McCool, Ezra B. Fuller, William M. Bonar, T. I. 
Mains, Eugene S. Davidson, Fred T. Nye, John H. Clarke. 

Byington Chapter No. 177, Order Eastern Star, was instituted Decem- 
ber 28, 1896, and received its charter May 14, 1896. 

The present officers are as follows: Mrs. Jennie Pitts, Worthy Ma- 
tron; Ben J. Hughes, Worthy Patron; Sue Brown, Associate Matron; 
Geneva Curry, Treasurer; Mrs. Ben J. Hedges, Secretary; Mrs. Asa Hoge, 
Conductress; Kate Beeler, Associate Conductress; Mrs. Ida L. Kaufmann, 
Chaplain ; Bettie Cleavinger, Ada ; Evelyn Kihm, Ruth ; Elizabeth Franks, 
Esther; Blanch Carr, Martha; Virginia Meyer. Electa; Grace Fisher, 
Warder; Anna Cramm, Marshall; Opal Donagan, Organist; Joseph Chal- 
mers, Sentinel. Number of members February 12, 1921, 272. 

Azor Grotto No. 72, M. O. V. P. E. R., was organized January 6, 1916, 
with the following officers: George Pulsifer, Monarch; Sam Nirdlinger, 
Master C; Joseph F. Seymour, Marshal; John McFai'land, Treasurer; 
George Leak, Secretary. 

The present officers are as follows: Eugene S. Davidson, Monarch; 
Henry Kaufmann, Master C; Gustave Nitsche, Marshal; James E. Sny- 
der, Treasurer ; George Leak, Secretary. Present membership is 216. 

Ivanhoe Lodge No 14, Knights of Pythias, was instituted December 1, 
1873, with the following officers: L. M. Goddard, C. C; T. J. Darling, 
V. C. ; W. F. Porter, Prelate ; J. L. Vickers, M. E. ; W. E. Robinson, M. of 
E. ; John R. Creighton, K. of R. and S. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 249 

The present officers are: E. W. Jennings, C. C; 0. L. Wiltsey, V. C; 
J. F. Casey, Prelate; D. I. Atkinson, M. of W.; W. L. Thomas, K. of R. & 
S. ; George R. Bleakley, M. of F. ; Sig Anderson, M. of E. ; J. A. Downum, 
M. at A. ; F. M. Denny, I. G. ; R. C. Thornton, O. G. ; Trustees, J. C. Franks, 
F. M. Denny, F. W. Bartlett. There are 150 members at present. Meet- 
ings are held every Monday night at the southeast corner of Sixth and 
Shawnee. 

Concordia Lodge No. 8, K. of P., was organized December 4, 1872, 
with the following officers : August Thanheldt, P. C. ; John Trump, V. C. ; 
August Geveke, Prelate ; E. F. Haberlin, K. of R. ; J. C. Dickelmann, M. of 
F. ; Charles Engstrom, M. of E. ; George Linck, M. A. ; Henry Berine I. G. ; 
H. J. Caniff, G. C. ; J. A. Bliss, G. K. of R. S. 

Far West Encampment No. 1, I. O. O. F., was instituted February 14, 
1859, with the following as charter members: J. B. Davis, Phillip Koeh- 
ler, N. W. Cox, C. A. Logan, Thomas Plowman, Charles Monday. In 1882 
it had 101 members. 

Mechanics Lodge No. 89, I. O. 0. F., was organized October 8, 1872, 
with the following charter members: G. A. Davis, John Shoemaker, J. 
Burnham, J. R. Duncan, George Byron, J. E. Varney, R. A. Saunders, 
J. L. Duncan and C. H. White. It had a membership in 1882 of 142. 

Allemenia Lodge No. 123, I. O. O. F., was instituted December 27, 
1875, with the following charter members: Charles Chienke, Christian 
Hoffman, Peter Bubb, And. Dreschel, August Benz, Henry Schiermayer, 
Charles Conrad, Jacob Rodenhaus, Joseph Walter, Henry Brueggen, Will- 
iam Graisky, Dom. Wissler, Charles Paeper, William Hermance, Fred 
Wochner, H. C. Mohr, N. Hieb, Charles Ackenhausen, Karl Kempire, G. F. 
Zeitz, August Schanze, Chris. Kantner, August Streibich, C. F. Cremer, 
W. Stech, Julius Meincke, Joseph Woolman, William Schroeder, Charles 
Fees, Jac. Elsasser, G. M. Young, Joseph Bergmann, W. G. Hesse, John 
Grund. It had a membership in 1882 of 75. 

Schiller Encampment No. 2, I. 0. O. F., was instituted May 20, 1866, 
with the following charter members : Phillip Koehler, William Schroeder, 
Charles Diebrich, Charles Besser, George Walter, Michael Hoffman, Gott- 
lieb Geiger. It had a membership in 1882 of 50 members. 

Metropolitan Lodge No. 27, 1. O. O. F., was instituted October 11, 1867. 

The Grand Encampment, I. O. O. F., was instituted October 9, 1866, 
in Leavenworth, and its headquarters have been there ever since, its three 
Grand Scribes each serving till his death: Samuel F. Burdette, Ed. T. 



250 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Rees and Lewis T. Rees. The present incumbent, A. M. Bain has been 
Grand Scribe since 1910. 

Tonganoxie Lodge No. 390, I. O. O. F., was instituted April 17, 1891, 
with charter members: J. W. Reno, W. W. Reno, R. H. Southard, J. L. 
Shaffer, H. Cronemeyer, M. W. Hadley, J. Coolidge. Its first officers were: 
R. H. Southard, N. G. ; J. W. Reno, V. G. ; W. W. Reno, Secretary, and 
James Coolidge, Treasurer. Its present officers are : Vin. Needham, N. G. ; 
James Skaggs, V. G. ; George Cline, Secretary, and John Rumsey, Treas- 
urer. 

Lansing Lodge No. 449, I. O. O. F., was instituted March 24, 1894, 
with charter members : C. L. Cherrie, S. W. Furnas, M. A. Burdick, C. D. 
Jones, J. R. Wilson, E. W. Prather and W. R. Knisley. Its first officers 
were : C. L. Cherrie, N. G. ; J. R. Wilson, V. G. ; G. W. Thomas, Secretary ; 
W. R. Knisley, Treasurer. Its present officers are: O. M. Spenser, N. G. ; 
C. H. Walker, V. G. ; C. L. Cherrie, Secretary ; W. A. Hannon, Treasurer. 

Linwood Lodge No. 607, I. 0. O. F., was instituted October 15, 1907, 
with twenty-eight charter members. Its first officers were: Thomas P. 
Frederick, N. G. ; Theodore Meinke, V. G.; Harry Coons, Secretary; and 
Francis Frederick, Treasurer. Its present officers are: A. H. Engle, 
N. G. ; F. W. Attebery, V. G. ; Ed. Brown, Secretary ; and T. P. Frederick, 
Treasurer. 

Easton Lodge No. 662, I. O. O. F., was instituted April 25, 1916, with 
twenty-eight charter members Its first officers were : William A. Evans, 
N. G. ; Henry Goff, V. G. ; Christian Sass, Secretary; and Charles O. 
Trower, Treasurer. Its present officers are : William L. Partridge, N. G. ; 
William R. Taylor, V. G.; Lloyd Coberly, Secretary; and Dean G. Erhart, 
Treasurer. Its membership is 68. 

No. 367, Modern Woodman of America was the first Woodman Lodge 
organized in Leavenworth County. It is located at Leavenworth and the 
following are the officers: A. C. Dengler, Consul; W. W. Trew, Adviser; 
Frank Ohlhausen, Clerk; Fred Lutgens, Banker; J. M. Murphy, Escort; 
L. Miller, Watchman; R. C. Powers, Sentry; W. E. Ferry, L. Weingarth, 
P. J. Feidler, Trustees. 

Live Oak Camp No. 3322, Modern Woodman of America, was organ- 
ized October 30, 1895. The first officers were: J. J. Hartnett, Consul; 
Henry Dolde, Banker; Frank O'Kane, Clerk. Present officers are: Julius 
Textor, Consul; Carl Hunnius, Banker; Joseph Schuelle, Clerk. Present 
membership, 252. Thirty-nine claims have been paid, amounting to $72,- 
000, since the lodge was organized. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 251 

Other Lodges of Modern Woodman of America are as follows : 
Camps Place Clerk Camps Place Clerk 

6812— Basehor F. A. Hein 1181— Lansing W. R. Davis 

3500— Boling W. Klinkenberg 561— Linwood T. W. Martin 

3693— Easton W. P. Hall 3634— Lowemont__ John W. Roach 

3581 — Fairmount E. A. Seegert 2310 — Tonganoxie J. C. Rumsey 

3608— Kickapoo W. E. Oliphant 

Easton Lodge No. 45, A. F. & A. M., was organized December 20, 1864, 
with the following charter members: Robert A. Kelsey, E. K. Adamson, 
T. Donohue and William Kelsey. The first officers were Robert A. Kelsey, 
W. M. ; E. K. Adamson, S. W. ; William Kelsey, J. W. For many years the 
lodge was held over the store building known as McGee Bros. The lodge 
owned the upper story of the building. In 1915 the lodge bought the 
building they now occupy and moved into it. The upper story is used for 
a lodge room and the lower story for a confectionery and a store. There 

is now a membership of Meetings are Saturdays on or before the 

Full Moon. 

The following are the present officers : Christian Sass, W. M. ; Walter 
Borden, S. W.; Ed. Searles, J. W.; Lloyd Coberly, S. D.; Lee Sass, J. D.; 
William Taylor, S. S.; Grover Fevurly, J. S.; Henry Gray, Tyler; Tom 
Adamson, Secretary; Dean Erhart, Treasurer. 

The Easton Chapter of the Order of Eastern Star No. 274 was char- 
tered May 11, 1905, with the following charter members Anna Adams, 
Ella Jones, Nellie Kelsey, Maggie Kelsey, Florence Kelsey, Mattie Kelsey, 
Jessie Mitchell, May Oliphant, Norah Potter, Elva Smith, W. A. Adams, 
Joseph P. Hall, Charles Jones, John Kelsey, James B. Kelsey, Chris Saas, 
Fred Thornburg, James L. Oliphant, Oscar Potter, James Wilburn. 

Germania Lodge No. 9, I. O. O. F., was organized July 24, 1859, with 
the following charter members: F. W. Wood, C. A. Shinke, Christian 
Beck, Phillip Kaler, and W. Itz. It had a membership in 1882 of 103 
members. 

Leavenworth Lodge No. 2, I. O. O. F., was organized March 9, 1855, 
with the following charter members: Christian Beck, J. H. Blanchard, 
Ryland Jones, John Shirley, W. A. Thompson and Samuel C. Weller. It 
had a membership of 1882 of 118 members. There are now 210 members. 

All the Odd Fellow lodges were consolidated into one lodge under the 
name of Leavenworth Lodge No. 2, I. O. O. F., in 1920. They owned the 



252 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

building at the southeast comer of Sixth and Shawnee street, but sold it 
to James C. Davis in 1920. 

The following are the present officers : John H. Dickey, N. G. ; George 
C. True, Secretary ; Edward Butt, Financial Secretary ; John Keets, Deputy 
Grand Master; E. C. Dresser; Trustees, J. B. Howell, Edward Butt and 
Ike Swartz. 

Leavenworth No. 22, K. of P., was installed August 24, 1878, with the 
following officers: J. W. Wheeler, P. C. ; McCown Hunt, C. C.; L. E. 
Wicks, V. C. ; S. Simmons, P. ; R. B. Cleghorn, M. of E. ; Joseph McDonald, 
M. of F. ; E. T. Rees, K. of R. & S. ; T. W. Thomas, M. at A. ; W. P. Doerson, 

I. G. ; W. D. Skinner, 0. G. This lodge has surrendered its charter and no 
longer exists. * 

Tonganoxie Lodge No. 125, K. of P., was organized May 2, 1885, with 
the following charter members : A. M. Thistlewaite, John B. Moore, J. W. 
Ratliff, William G. Singley, R. W. Myers, J. S. Grist, N. M. Grist, Frank 
F. Stone, Charles Tholen, Jonathan Knight, William J. Carter, James M. 
Phenicie, B. C. Stringfellow, R. F. Slaughter, Sr. Charles F. Milett is the 
present K. of R. & S. 

Graham Chapter No. 395, Eastern Star, was organized at Lansing 
early in 1916. It was named after Mrs. Julia Graham who was at the 
time a member of the Leavenworth chapter and desired to have one located 
at Lansing, her home. Through her efforts a dispensation was granted 
February 29, 1916. May 20, 1916, the Grand Matron appointed Past Grand 
Matron Katharine S. Hughes to install the new officers and they were 
duly installed June 8, 1916. 

Rachel Chapter 0. E. S., Linwood, was organized in 1896. The seal, 
records and all the paraphernalia were destroyed in the flood of 1903. 
Afterwards it was reorganized and received a duplicate charter. It was 
named after Rachel Passon of Lawrence, Kansas. The chapter was called 
Martha Washington till the charter was received. They have 65 members. 

Rinda Chapter 0. E. S., Tonganoxie, was organized at Tonganoxie in 
December, 1899. Members from Ada Chapter of Lawrence instituted the 
chapter. It was named Rinda after Rinda Chesney, Grand Secretary at 
the time. In the following March they received their charter. There are 
120 members. 

Army Chapter No. 339, O. E. S., Ft. Leavenworth, was organized 
May 10, 1910. It worked under dispensation till March 31, 1911. On May 

II, 1911, a charter was received. The name "Maple Leaf" was originally 
used and afterwards changed to the present name. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 253 

The following were the first officers : Hulda C. Church, W. M. ; Mar- 
tin W. Rose, W. P.; Charlotte Parish, Associate M. ; Ruth D. Timmons, 
Secretary ; Sadie V. Smith, Treasurer ; Laura M. Corbett, Cond. ; Mary A. 
Rose, Asso. Cond. ; Ethel Brown, Adah ; Clara Kalb, Ruth ; Helen Unthank, 
Esther; Grace Weikamp, Martha; Lena Nodsle, Electa; L. V. Smith, 
Warder; W. A. Weikamp, Sent.; Charles S. Timmons, Marshal; Albert 
Kalb, Chap. ; John L. Corbett, Organist. 

The chapter holds its meetings in the hall of Hancock Lodge No. 311. 

The Women's Auxiliary of the American Legion was organized in 
March, 1920. It is an outgrowth of the World War. It comprises mothers, 
wives, sisters and daughters of those who were in the World War. These 
noble women are helping the boys who were in the great struggle as best 
they can in time of peace. The hospital needs are being looked after wher- 
ever they may be found. 

The Leavenworth Unit of the Byron H. Mehl Post have pledged sup- 
port to those in the National Military Home. Visitations are made once a 
month. Fruits, flowers and reading material are furnished. The follow- 
ing are the officers of the Leavenworth Unit: • Mrs. Sherman Medill, 
president ; Mrs. Grace Fisher Potter, secretary ; Mrs. George Pulsifer, vice- 
president ; Mrs. May S. Coleman, treasurer ; Mrs. Frank Ricketson, auditor. 

The Tonganoxie Auxiliary of Lester E. Hamil Post was organized in 
March, 1921, and the following are officers: Mrs. J. L. Johnson, president; 
Miss Thekla Farrell, vice-president; Mrs. B. A. C. Williams, secretary; 
Miss Maude Dessery, treasurer; Miss Izola Farrell, auditor. 

Kansas Federation of Women's Clubs. — To Mrs. C. H. Cushing, of 
Leavenworth, and Mrs. May Tenny Gray, of Wyandotte, Kansas, is due 
the honor of founding of the Kansas Federation of Women's Clubs. 

On May 19, 1881, by invitation of Mrs. C. H. Cushing, of Leavenworth, 
a meeting was held. Ladies from Topeka, Atchison, Lawrence, Wyan- 
dotte, and Kansas City, Kansas, were in attendance. In all over one hun- 
dred ladies responded to Mrs. Cushing's invitations and all met in the 
parlors of the "Home of the Friendless". Mrs. Cushing acted as chair- 
man of the meeting. Permanent officers were elected. The following 
were elected as the first officers: President, Mrs. Mary F. Gray, Wyan- 
dotte; Mrs. N. C. McFarland, Secretary, Topeka; Treasurer, Mrs. C. B. 
Brace. Leavenworth; Committee of Constitution and By-Laws, Mesdames 
Cushing, Hopkins, Scott, Brace, Leeper and Monroe. This organization 
was known as the Social Science Club. It was known for twelve years by 



254 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

this name. On May 3, 1895, the name of the organization was changed 
to that of the Kansas State Social Science Federation. It was not until 
1903 that the name was changed to that of the Kansas Federation of 
Women's Clubs. 

Mrs. R. R. Bittman, of Independence, Kansas, is at the present time 
president of the Federation. Mrs. Sherman Medill, of Leavenworth, is 
president of the First District of the Federation. 

Through the efforts of the organization industrial training was intro- 
duced in the Beloit School for Girls and Manual Training in the public 
schools. A traveling arm gallery was started which was a success from 
the first. A Scholarship Loan Fund feature has been added to the Fed- 
eration by which girls finishing high school may borrow three hundred 
dollars with which to finish their education, paying the money back after 
they have secured positions and are earning money. A continuous cam- 
paign in the interest of education in general has ever been waged by the 
Federation. 

At the present time the following Leavenworth County Clubs have 
been federated : Leavenworth Art League, Catholic Literary Club, Lowell 
Club, Glenwood Community Club, Lansing Community Club, Leavenworth 
County Rural Life, Easton Improvement Club, Basehor Merry Matrons, 
Kickapoo Woman's Club, Boling Community Club, Tonganoxie Civic 
League, and Tonganoxie Reading Club. 

The Leavenworth County Chautauqua Association was organized in 
1913 with the following officers: Otto Wulfenkuhler, president; Otto 
Rotherberger, secretary; Amos Wilson, treasurer; Rev. T. W. Harding, 
platform manager. 

Feeling the need of a better organization the citizens of Leavenworth 
City and County obtained a charter in 1917 with eighty stockholders. A 
set of by-laws were drawn up making the first Monday in October every 
year the date of the regular meeting. The corporation is not one for profit 
but for the purpose of securing a high class of educational entertainments 
for the community. The programs were first given in the grand stand of 
the old fair grounds, now the Shrine Park. The place was later changed 
to the Court House Grounds just north of the building, in a large tent. 
The program for the year 1921 will be given in the Sales Pavilion at 
Seventh and Delaware. The programs have been given under the auspices 
of Redpath-Horner Chautauqua and the contract calls for $1,500 for the 
year 1921. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 255 

The following are the officers and board of directors: Board of di- 
rectors : Otto Wulfenkuhler, Clarence McGuire, J. W. Wright, F. R. Beery, 
H. C. Feller, J. A. Searcy, C. H. Wentworth, A. J. Reno. Officers : Clar- 
ence McGuire, president; C. H. Wentworth, first vice-president; F. R. 
Beery, second vice-president; F. M. Potter, treasurer; Jesse A. Hall, 
secretary. 

Yeomen. — Sunflower Homestead No. 1393, Brotherhood of American 
Yeomen, was organized in Leavenworth, Kansas, March 29, 1906, by Dis- 
trict Managers West and West with fourteen members. The first officers 
were as follows: Honorable Foreman, J. A. Downum; Master of Cere- 
monies, E. E. Lanhan; Correspondent, Etta V. Downum; Master of Ac- 
counts, Kate Harr; Chaplain, Mary Ludwig; Overseer, Charles Powell 1 
Watchman, Frank Wormer; Sentinel, D. P. Chapman; Guard, Alva Adams; 
Lady Rowena, Katherine Drowns ; Lady Rebecca, Katie A. Chapman. 

The present officers of the organization are as follows: Honorable 
Foreman, J. F. Casey; Master of Ceremonies, Thomas I. Fowler; Corre- 
spondent, Etta V. Downum ; Master of Accounts, Dr. A. R. Adams ; Chap- 
lain, Lillian Fowler ; Overseer, Roy E. Wells ; Watchman, James Connelly ; 
Sentinel, Herman Levene; Guard, Earl Downing; Lady Rowena, Jennie 
Biltz ; Lady Rebecca, Addie Ramey, and Musician, Myrtle Ledman. 

J. A. Downum is first district manager of the organization and has 
held the position for a number of years. Etta V. Downum has served 
continuously as correspondent since the organization of the lodge. This 
organization has a membership at the present time of about 600. 

Knights of Columbus. — Leavenworth Council No. 900 of the Knights 
of Columbus was organized and instituted in the city of Leavenworth, 
May 30, 1904. A constitution and by-laws was adopted October 10, 1904. 
The following were the charter members of the local organization at the 
time of its institution in Leavenworth : Frank X. Aaron, Ed. R. Bannon, 
J. J. Brown, Frank E. Carroll, Frank J. Dougherty, Edward T. Dicks, 
James H. DeCoursey, Jacob L. Everhardy, Charles M. Fenning; Simon 
Flynn, Arnold Frana, T. H. Hannon, Anton Hartwig, Joseph D. Hurley, 
Frank J. Hurley, Michael P. Kearney, Charles M. Mullen, James McAu- 
liffe, W. G. McLaughlin, John McLaughlin, M. J. McDonald, John McGuire, 
Peter W. Nichola, William A. O'Kane, John J. Roche, Leo J. Roche, R. F. 
Thayer, Joseph F. Wallace, J. P. Wallace, F. J. Wincheck, A. J. Wohlfrom, 
J. F. Wohlfrom, Thomas E. Walsh, Simon Collins, Edward Carroll, George 
M. Christ, Jr., M. J. Cunningham, A. E. Dempsey, L. A. Dougherty, 



256 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Thomas E. Dougherty, E. E. DeCoursey, Rev. I. Eliselade, James H. Foley, 
Rev. R. B. Groener, John J. Glynn, John J. Hartnett, William A. Hannon, 
McCown Hunt, John Hannon, Thomas Jones, Rev. T. H. Kinsella, W. F. 
Koel, Aloysius Meyers, M. B. Murray, Stance Meyers, William K. Miller, 
M. S. McCarthy, Rev. Francis M. Orr, John J. O'Donnell, Patrick O'Brien, 
Patrick F. Roche, W. B. Reilly, William B. Shaughnessy, and W. E. 
Thomas. 

The first officers chosen for the organization were as follows: Grand 
Knight, J. D. Hurley; Deputy Grand Knight, J. J. Brown; Chancellor, Dr. 
M. S. McCarthy; Recorder, James McAuliffe; Financial Secretary, Ed. R. 
Bannon; Treasurer, Frank E. Carroll; Lecturer, John J. Hartnett; Advo- 
cate, A. E. Dempsey ; Warden A. J. Wohlfrom ; Inside Guard, Arnold 
Frana; Outside Guard, Charles M. Fanning; Chaplain, Rev. Francis M. 
Orr; Medical Examiner, Dr. Joseph F. Wallace; Trustees, McCown Hunt, 
Edward Carroll and John J. Roche. 

The present officers of the organization are as follows : Grand Knight, 
T. J. Cahill ; Deputy Grand Knight, J. J. O'Connell, Jr. ; Chancellor, George 
Collins; Recorder, Raymond Thayer; Financial Secretary, J. P. Wallace; 
Treasurer, Edward Keane; Lecturer, Edward Van Grino; Advocate, John 
T. O'Keefe; Warden, Thomas L. Medill; Inside Guard, Joseph Hurley, 
Jr. ; Outside Guard, George O'Donnell ; Chaplain, Rev. B. S. Kelly ; Medical 
Examiner, Dr. J. L. Everhardy, and Trustees, A. F. Miller, A. E. Becker, 
and J. C. Reick. 



CHAPTER XIV 



NATIONAL AND STATE INSTITUTIONS 



NATIONAL, MILITARY HOME— UNITED STATES PENITENTIARY— STATE PENITEN- 
TIARY. 



The National Military Home. — By Act of Congress March 3, 1865, the 
National Military and Naval Asylum for disabled officers and men of vol- 
untary forces was established. It was located at Dayton, Ohio. Since 
then branches have been established at various places over the country. 
A movement was started in Leavenworth to secure a branch of the home. 
S. F. Neely, ex-Gov. George T. Anthony, Gen. Chas. W. Blair and Hon. 
Alexander Caldwell were the prime movers. A meeting was called at 
which the following committee was chosen: J. B. Johnson, Maj. W. B. 
Shockley, Thomas Ryan, Charles W. Blair, George T. Anthony and S. F. 
Neely. This committee met with the Congressional representative at 
the various places viewed and examined. Five states were after the prize. 
Iowa offered $50,000 and Kansas delegation $50,000 and a section of land. 
After careful deliberation the present site overlooking the Missouri River 
was chosen. The Leavenworth branch was established by Act of Con- 
gress March 7, 1877. The first disabled soldier was admitted September 
1, 1885. Fifteen years later there were 4,000 veterans in the home. 
Nearly all of these were Civil War veterans but in the early '90s there 
were some from the Mexican War. Beginning a few years after the 
Spanish-American War a few veterans from this war began to enter the 
home. At present a large number of the World War soldiers are enter- 
ing. So that the members now enrolled may be classified as follows: 
Civil War, 1,811 ; Spanish-American War, 354 ; World War, 133 ; Mexican 
Border War, 1 ; total number enrolled April 15, 1921, 2,299 ; total enrolled 
since beginning of the home till June 30, 1920, 40,080. 

(13) 



258 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

There are some sixteen or more barracks, a large hospital, a hospital 
for epileptics, a general mess hall, a library, administration building, a 
theatre, a chapel, greenhouse, power plant, several fine residences for the 
officials and other buildings. There is a fine lake to the south of the 
hospital, at the east edge of which stands a band stand. Here the Soldiers 
Home band plays during the summer months on Sunday afternoons. A 
band stand also is located in front of the mess hall. A cannon is placed 
near by and is fired every evening at sundown and during the lowering of 
the flag. A more beautiful place for a soldiers' home probably could not 
be found in this section of the United States. The governors of the home 
to the present time are as follows : Col. Andrew J. Smith, Col. J. G. Row- 
land, Col. S. G. Cooke. 

United States Penitentiary. — June 10, 1898, Congress set aside 700 
acres adjoining Leavenworth City for a site for a prison. Work was be- 
gun on the present penitentiary during this year. Prison labor was used 
in the construction of the walls and buildings. From 1895 to 1906 the 
penitentiary occupied the military prison at the fort. In 1906 the United 
States Penitentiary was moved to the present site. It is inclosed by a 
wall about thirty feet high, built of stone. The west wing cell house is 
under construction at the present time. The entrance to the prison is 
on the south. A fine lawn extends to Metropolitan Avenue, and is planted 
in shade trees and sodded in blue grass. The warden's residence is lo- 
cated on the east side of the east driveway and the deputy warden's resi- 
dence is located on the west side of the west driveway. Band concerts 
are held on the lawn in the summer time and the music is furnished by a 
band composed of prisoners. A small railway leads from the prison to 
the hills on the west, over which stone is hauled from the quarry. 

The prisoners are employed at various occupations inside, such as 
carpentering, blacksmithing, stone cutting, brick making, building and 
many other trades. Strict discipline is maintained within, although the 
inmates are allowed many privileges at stated times. Baseball games 
are played within the inclosure. When the Federal League had a team 
in Kansas City an exhibition game was played between the Kansas City 
team and a picked team from the prison and it proved to be an interesting 
game, although the Kansas City team won by a handsome score. Many 
amusements are provided for. the inmates. Picture shows are given in 
the chapel at times. The writer recently attended an entertainment in 
the chapel given by members of the prison. Among the numbers on the 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 259 

program was a boxing exhibition between Jack Johnson, a former heavy- 
weight champion pugilist, and three other members. 

A school is maintained and is in charge of the chaplain. The Rev. 
Harmon Allen is the present chaplain. 

A prison cemetery is located to the west of the institution at the foot 
of the hills and here are buried those who died while in prison and not 
taken in charge by relatives. 

The penitentiary was first in charge of Warden French. In 1895 R. 
W. McClaughery became the warden and held this position till 1913, when 
Thomas W. Morgan became the warden. In 1919 A. B. Anderson was 
chosen warden and holds the position at the present time. 

State Penitentiary. — The first move toward establishing a peniten- 
tiary was February 11, 1858. A commission was appointed and the next 
year John Ritchey, E. B. Prentiss and Fielding Johnson were selected 
commissioners to erect and maintain a prison for Kansas. They were 
given power to select a tract of land on which were good building stone 
and erect temporary buildings for prisoners and officers. Twenty thou- 
sand dollars was appropriated for the purpose of a prison building ade- 
quate for twenty years. No action was taken immediately and the pris- 
oners were kept in an inclosure at Lecompton and at the various county 
jails. Later they were kept in the Leavenworth County jail. 

In 1861 the Legislature passed an act authorizing the state prison to 
be located in Leavenworth County. Governor Robinson appointed M. S. 
Adams, C. S. Lambdin and Charles Starne commissioners as required by 
law. In the fall of 1861 the commissioners selected the present site for 
the prison. The land was purchased from Mr. Whitney for $600 and 
the deed was executed November 25, 1861. No appropriation had been 
made for locating the prison so the total sum to be met by the Legisla- 
ture was given by the commissioners in their report as follows: 

Expenses of the penitentiary for 1862 $4,271.29 

Land for site with one year's interest 660.00 

Expenses of locating same and service of commissioners 305.75 

Total $5,237.04 

The commissioners also recommended the employment of convicts in 
the construction of the prison and pointed out that the judgment of the 
courts was that they should be employed at hard labor and that there 
was no labor they could perform while confined in a jail. 



260 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

In 1863 the Legislature passed an act for the regulation of the peni- 
tentiary and made an appropriation therefor. Under this act William 
Dunlap, John Wilson and S. S. Ludlum were appointed directors of the 
penitentiary, the term "commissioners" having been dropped. The di- 
rectors visited the state prisons in New York, Michigan and Illinois, for 
the purpose of obtaining views to be embodied in a penitentiary. They 
found that Joliet, Illinois, the best and this one was followed as a model. 
The Illinois prison was just nearing completion at the time. Erasmus 
E. Carr was chosen architect May 22, 1863. He prepared plans on the 
order of the Joliet prison and they were accepted. 

The contract for the construction of the prison was awarded to John 
McCarthy and Calvin Adams. They began work in the summer of 1864 
and put in the foundation of the first wing, known as the north wing. 
Owing to the conditions in Kansas growing out of the Civil War, work 
was then stopped for two years. 

In 1866 the contract was awarded to Flory and Caldwell for building 
the penitentiary. The buildings were to be completed on or before Octo- 
ber 1, 1867. 

Before the building of the Federal Penitentiary, military and Federal 
prisoners were kept at the State Prison. The Oklahoma prisoners were 
also kept there for a number of years. The last of these were removed 
to Oklahoma on January 31, 1909. Until 1909 contracts had been made 
to furnish convict labor to private employers, but since then no more 
contracts have been let. 

The north wing cell house burned down on election day in November, 
1917. It is now being rebuilt and the east wall of the wing is being 
moved farther east so that more room is added. It is being rebuilt in 
the most modem style with all the conveniences of up to date cells. The 
dining hall was built in 1872. Over the dining hall is the chapel, where 
services are held and entertainments furnished for the prisoners. 

Amusements of various kinds are furnished. In summer there is 
baseball and in winter are picture shows, boxing and wrestling. There 
is a band which furnishes music inside and also plays at times during 
good weather in front of the administration building. - 

There are four departments of industry. The coal mine, twine plant, 
brick plant and the farm. The state owns a part of Stigers Island in the 
Missouri River and on this a large amount of farm products are raised. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 261 

The State Industrial Farm is located on the prison farm overlooking 
the Missouri River. It was established in 1918. 

The records show that there are confined at the prison and at the 
industrial farm on February 9, 1921, 1,026 prisoners. 

The following wardens have served: J. L. Philbrick, Maj. Henry Hop- 
kins, W. C. Jones, John H. Smith, George H. Case, S. W. Chase, J. B. 
Lynch, H. S. Landis, J. B. Tomlinson, E. B. Jewett, W. H. Haskell, J. K. 
Codding, J. D. Botkin, J. K. Codding. 



CHAPTER XV 



THE PRESS 



"THE KANSAS HERALD"— "TERRITORIAL REGISTER"— "THE JOURNAL"— "YOUNG 
AMERICA"— OTHER PIONEER NEWSPAPERS — LATER PUBLICATIONS— THE 
LEAVENWORTH TIMES — THE LEAVENWORTH POST. 

From the very inception of the city of Leavenworth as a city, the 
newspaper industry has been one of the leading industries. Even before 
there was a house in the city to shield the presses from the elements, a 
paper was being published. An account of the publication of this first 
paper in the city, "The Kansas Herald," will be found elsewhere in this 
volume in more complete detail. The first publication was under the 
management of Adams and Osborne and the paper was printed under the 
shade of a large elm tree that stood near the foot of Cherokee Street 
and Levee or Water Street. The date of this publication was September 
15, 1856. This paper eventually passed into the hands of R. C. Satterlee 
and several others. When Satterlee was shot and killed by Col. D. R. 
Anthony, the paper suspended publication. It was later merged with 
"The Inquirer," a publication of this city in those days but was totally 
destroyed by a mob in October, 1861. 

The next early day newspaper to begin publication in the city was 
published under the name of the "Territorial Register." It was strongly 
Free State and came quite early into disrepute in the eyes of the pro- 
slavery element of the city and territory. It was owned and published by 
a partnership known as Severe & Delahay. After a few months of exist- 
ence the office was raided by Kickapoo Rangers and the presses and type 
were thrown in the Missouri River. 

Another early day paper was published under the name of "The 
Journal." Col. S. S. Goode was the first editor of this publication. It 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 263 

was an evening paper and owing to the bitterness displayed toward its 
publication by the "Herald" interests, it was forced to quit publication 
within a short time. 

A paper named "Young America" was published for a short time by 
George W. McLane. It had a tendency to be Free State and consequently 
met with considerable resistance at the time of its publication. McLane 
was registered on the attorney roll of the city of Leavenworth but there 
is no record of his ever practicing law here. He was the auctioneer at 
the sale of the first town lots sold in the city of Leavenworth, October 
9, 1854. McLane left the city during the middle '60s and never after- 
ward returned. His paper, "Young America," was published but a short 
time and was finally merged with the "Daily Ledger." 

The "Daily Ledger" was the first daily paper to begin publication in 
the city of Leavenworth, in fact it was the first daily paper published 
west of the Mississippi River at the time of its beginning publication, 
September 1, 1857. Conditions at that time were not favorable to the 
publication of a daily paper and the "Ledger" was forced to suspend pub- 
lication in 1859. 

"The Weekly Times," one of the foremost of the early day publica- 
tions, began publication in the summer of 1857. The first editor of this 
paper was Judge Robert Crozier, who for years held the position of judge 
of the District Court here. The "Times" was at first owned by a stock 
company. Eventually this paper began a daily publication, the first daily 
being issued February 15, 1858. The ownership finally passed into the 
hands of the late Col. D. R. Anthony, who published it until his death, 
when it passed into the hands of D. R. Anthony, Jr., his son, the present 
owner. For years this paper has ranked among the foremost of its kind, 
occupying one of the strongest positions in the newspaper business in 
the Middle West. The paper since it came in the hands of the Anthonys 
has always been strongly Republican in policy and politics. 

A paper named the "Kansas Zeitung" was started in the city of 
Leavenworth during the year 1858 by Dr. Kopph. This was the first 
German paper to be published in this city. In 1869 another German 
paper was published by Major Haberlein under the name of the "Frie 
Presse." This paper was published by Major Haberlein for a number of 
years until his death, when the publication of it was taken up by his son. 

"The Conservative," one of the foremost of early day Leavenworth 
papers, was started by D. W. Wilder, who was also editor of the publica- 



264 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

tion. Wilder continued the publication of the "Conservative" for some 
time, eventually selling out his interests to Col. D. R. Anthony. About 
this time Anthony also bought out a stock company's interests in the 
publication known as the "Evening Bulletin," a Republican organ as well 
as "The Conservative." Another publication known as the "Leavenworth 
Commercial," which was published about this time by Prescott and Hume, 
also passed into the hands of Col. Anthony. A paper that had been 
published for a short time by J. C. Clark & Co., known as the "Evening 
Call," suspended publication when the owners became interested in the 
publication of the "Leavenworth Commercial," which as aforementioned 
later passed into the hands of Col. D. R. Anthony. 

Another early day paper that lived but a short time was published 
by Emory & Co. and was known as the "Daily Appeal." 

Among other papers that began publication in this city and met with 
indifferent success were the "Home Record," "The Daily Public Press," 
"The Evening Commercial," "The Kansas Farmer," "The Cosmopolitan," 
"The Evening Ledger," "The Daily Standard," "The Daily Evening Press," 
"The Chronicle," "The Labor Review," "The Kansas Churchman," "The 
Advertiser,'* "Western Life," "Leavenworth Post" and "Leavenworth 
Times." 

The "Home Record" was a small publication published in the city 
here for a number of years in the interest of the "Home of the Friend- 
less." It was a monthly journal and has long since suspended publi- 
cation. 

"The Daily Public Press" was a daily publication under the manager- 
ship of F. J. Wendell and under the editorship of Dr. H. B. Horn. It 
was published but a short time when it suspended publication. 

H. Miles Moore, one of the pioneer citizens of the city Leavenworth, 
was the editor of a publication for a short time known as the "Evening 
Commercial." The publication was Democratic in politics and was forced 
after a short time to suspend publication due to the lack of financial 



On October 17, 1877, Frank Hall and J. W. Remington began the 
publication of an evening paper known as the "Evening Ledger," Being 
Democratic in politics it soon went the route of all early day Democratic 
papers. 

The "Kansas Farmer" was published here but a short time. It was 
under the editorship of George T. Anthony, who afterward was elected 
governor of the State of Kansas. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 265 

-One of the strongest adventures in the way of a Democratic news- 
paper in the city of Leavenworth was began here in 1870, when a publi- 
cation known as the "Daily Standard" was begun. This publication was 
under the managership of Frank T. Lynch and the editorship of ex-Sena- 
tor Ross. It was owned by a syndicate of leading Democrats of this 
city. After fighting the fight of a Democratic paper against heavy odds 
for about twelve years it was finally consolidated with the "Daily Eve- 
ning Press" and was issued as a morning paper. After this consolidation 
Lynch became part owner and editor. Upon his death the paper was 
gotten control of by Col. Anthony, who published it for a time as an 
evening paper. Not succeeding in this, the publication was suspended. 

"The Chronicle" was another Leavenworth paper owned and con- 
trolled by a syndicate of Leavenworth men. It was under the editorship 
of R. M. Ruggles and quickly became one of the leading publications of 
this city. The majority of the stock in the concern, however, eventually 
found its way into Col. Anthony's hands and when the publication became 
involved to some extent, publication was suspended. 

"The German Tribune" was a weekly publication for years pub- 
lished in this city. It was originally owned and published by Capt. Met- 
cham and enjoyed a very successful business under the captain and Sig 
Kuraner, into whose hands it eventually passed. Publication was sus- 
pended several years ago. 

In 1902 George Davis started a publication known as the "Labor 
Review." For a number of years it was under the editorship of J. F. 
O'Conner. It was and still is devoted exclusively to the cause of labor. 

"The Advertiser" was another newspaper adventure entered into by 
Capt. Metcham, the first editor of the "German Tribune." Shortly after 
its publication began it was purchased by Fred Jameson, who changed 
its name to the "Western Life." Under the editorship of Jameson the 
"Western Life" grew rapidly in favor with the people of this city and 
county. The outgrowth of this publication was the "Leavenworth Post," 
a publication originally owned and controlled by Fred Jameson and Albert 
T. Reid. The "Leavenworth Post," Leavenworth's evening paper at this 
time, is owned and controlled by a stock company. Wallace F. Hovey is 
at the present time editor and manager of the publication. It enjoys a 
large circulation and stands well in rank with other evening papers in 
the state. 



266 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

"The Leavenworth Times," Leavenworth's morning paper of today, 
ranks among the leading morning papers of the state. It is owned and 
controlled by Congressman D. R. Anthony, Jr., and is one of the oldest 
and most stable of local publications. It enjoys a very large circulation 
and in politics has always been found to be one hundred per cent Republi- 
can. James M. Mickey has for a number of years past been associated 
with the publication of "The Times" in the capacity of associate editor, 
while W. I. Biddle has acted as city editor of the publication. 

A paper that should have been classified with the early day publica- 
tions of Leavenworth County, that while it was only published for a short 
length of time contributed materially to the keeping of all things pertain- 
ing to the slavery question in an uproar, was the "Kansas Pioneer." 

The "Pioneer" was published at Kickapoo, Kansas, one of the bitterest 
rivals of the city of Leavenworth as well as Fort Leavenworth. The 
first edition of the paper came out during the month of November, 1854. 
A. B. Hazzard was for a while the sole owner, manager and editor of the 
publication, which was radically pro-slavery. For a while a party named 
Sexton associated himself with Sexton in the publication of the "Pioneer." 
When it became evident to the editors that the fight of Kickapoo for the 
county seat of Leavenworth was hopelessly lost and that Kickapoo City 
was destined to a certain death, the publication of the "Pioneer" was 
abandoned. 

Among other papers now published in the county of Leavenworth is 
the "Easton Transcript" and the "Tonganoxie Mirror." Both are weeklies 
and enjoy a large circulation as well as remunerative patronage in the 
way of advertising. The "Easton Transcript" is published in the city of 
Easton, in Easton Township, Leavenworth County, Kansas. At the pres- 
ent time Robert Stafford is the owner and editor. The "Transcript" is 
practically the outgrowth of an early day Easton publication known as 
the "Light of Liberty" and later as the "Easton Light." The first publi- 
cation of the "Light" was dated July 26, 1895, and the original owners 
and editors were M. L. and K. Lockwood. 



CHAPTER XVI 



MEDICAL PROFESSION 



FIRST PHYSICIANS CAME WITH THE ARMY— FIRST ON THE TOWNSITE— EARLY 
PHYSICIANS — KICKAPOO— OTHER SMALL. TOWNS— PROMINENT DOCTORS- 
SANITARY COMMISSION ESTABLISHED— U. S. MILITARY HOSPITAL— OTHER 
HOSPITALS— "MEDICAL HERALD"— PRESENT DAY PHYSICIANS. 

The medical profession of Leavenworth County has a longer span 
of activity than any other of the learned professions. The physician came 
with the troops located at Cantonment Leavenworth, now Fort Leaven- 
worth, in 1827. The first medical officer there was Assistant Surgeon 
Clement A. Finlay, according to the information given by Maj. Howard 
McC. Snyder, Medical Corps, United States Army, now post surgeon of 
Fort Leavenworth. The physician has been active at the post in an un- 
broken line of succession from 1827 to the present day. In 1854, when 
Leavenworth City and Kickapoo were founded, Dr. G. Magruder and Dr. 
Samuel Phillips were on duty at Fort Leavenworth. The first physician 
of the new townsite of Leavenworth was Dr. Charles Leib, who had an 
office in the "Big Tent" north of the elm tree at Levee and Cherokee 
Street. Five physicians were included in the original Town Company. 
Among them were Drs. Magruder, Samuel Philips and S. F. Few. The 
latter was for a long time city physician in after years. Other early 
physicians in Leavenworth were Drs. Dyer, W. S. Catterson, Levi Houston, 
John Harvey Day, S. F. Norton, James Davis, J. M. Bodine and Tiffin Sinks. 

Dr. H. B. Callahan located here in 1856, and after a temporary ab- 
sence in Platte City, relocated in 1866. He died in his office in 1896. 
The wonderful growth of Leavenworth spread afar and attracted the 
following physicians, who permanently settled here in the years men- 
tioned: Drs. M. S. Thomas, 1856; T. J. Weed, 1857; J. L. Weaver, 1859; 



268 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

S. W. Jones, 1859 ; Margaret Burdell, 1861 ; John McCormick, 1862 ; A. C. 
Van Duyn, 1865; J. W. Brock, 1865; W. B. Carpenter, 1866; J. J. Edic, 
1869, and S. F. Neely, 1869. 

The activity of these physicians is still remembered by many of the 
present adult population of Leavenworth. When they became older their 
work was continued by such men as Drs. D. W. Thomas, B. E. Fryer, L. K. 
Hunter, W. J. Van Eman, J. A. Lane, W. W. Walter, W. R. Van Tuyl, D. 
R. Phillips and R. F. Slaughter. From the foregoing, who have long since 
ceased their labors, the present medical profession of Leavenworth County 
has inherited a reputation of eminent skill and ability. They are grateful 
to them for their heritage. They hold them aloft in their own esteem, 
respect and veneration. In cherishing the memory of their success, sac- 
rifices and arduous work for humanity, the Medical Association of today 
is sensible of its duties to them and are resolved to uphold their high 
ideals in promoting the progress of medical and surgical science. 

Kickapoo, while it was contending with Leavenworth for supremacy, 
numbered among its population Drs. D. A. Crane, H. B. C. Harris, Brown- 
field and Hathaway. Dr. T. H. Hathaway came in 1878. As the rural 
portion of the county was settled by the pioneers smaller towns also grew 
up. Dr. T. G. V. Boling located in High Prairie Township in 1865. He 
was a member of the Legislature for a number of years. He was joined 
later in 1876 by Dr. James Hutchison. Dr. William B. Wood came to the 
Springdale settlement in 1855 as a youth, and after graduation in 1875 
practiced there. Dr. J. W. Warring has been in active practice at Lin- 
wood since 1873. Dr. W. J. Van Eman started his professional career at 
Tonganoxie in 1879 and moved to Leavenworth in 1881. He died ah un- 
timely death from blood poison in 1901. Dr. R. F. Slaughter, of Tonga- 
noxie, who died in March, 1921, dated back to 1873. Dr. T. C. Craig has 
been at Easton since 1866 and is now retired. Lansing has had a number 
of physicians temporarily located at the Kansas Penitentiary, one of whom 
was Dr. George F. Neally, who became a permanent resident of Lansing 
in 1883. 

The outstanding historical character of the Leavenworth medical 
profession is Dr. Samuel Phillips, who was a contract surgeon at Fort 
Leavenworth before coming to Leavenworth in 1857, where his first office 
was at the southeast comer of Fifth and Kickapoo streets. In 1855 he 
volunteered to go to Fort Riley, where cholera was raging and where 
Maj. E. 0. Ogden was constructing new buildings. Dr. Phillips has the 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 269 

credit of checking the ravages of cholera at that post. On August 3, 
1855, fifteen people died, among them Maj. Ogden. Dr. Phillips died 
October 31, 1919, after serving three generations. 

Dr. C. A. Logan was very prominent and successful in Leavenworth 
until he gave up his practice to become minister to Chili. Prior to that 
he was a member of the State Legislature. Dr. J. W. Brock succeeded 
him in Leavenworth, and was active until he died, on November 26, 1900. 

Dr. B. E. Fryer was an eminent specialist on the eye and ear. After 
his retirement from army service he practiced in Kansas City, Missouri, 
where he recently died, beloved and honored by all. 

Col. C. F. Craig, of the Medical Corps at Fort Leavenworth, is an 
accepted authority of international reputation on serology and malaria. 
He is a prolific writer and has published several volumes on serology and 
malaria. He is now on duty at the Army Medical Museum at Washing- 
ton, District of Columbia. 

The United States Sanitary Commission established in Leaven- 
worth in 1861 a general supply depot of sanitary stores for hospitals and 
armies west of Missouri. From here supplies were forwarded to the far 
West and all points in Kansas as far south as Fort Scott. Material aid 
was given to the needy at Westport after Price's raid in October, 1864. 

In 1863 the United States Military Hospital was a frame structure 
on the northeast corner of Third and Seneca streets. Dr. S. B. Davis 
was the medical officer on duty. 

St. John's Hospital was opened in 1864 as a general hospital by the 
Sisters of Charity. It was enlarged in 1911 to its present capacity oft 
seventy beds. 

The City and County Hospital, on Shawnee Street west of Broadway, 
was in charge of Dr. H. Buckmaster in 1866. The old poor farm was 
abandoned in 1914, and its inmates transferred to the new County Hos- 
pital, which was formerly the Kansas Orphan Asylum, and later the 
Leavenworth Hospital. 

The Homeopathic Free Dispensary was organized January 26, 1866, 
and was located at 29 Shawnee Street. It was supported by a society 
of citizens, and furnishes free medical advice and medicines to the poor. 
It was attended by Dr. Martin Mayer. Office hour: 9 to 10 A. M. 

In the early days Leavenworth was the medical center, as well as 
the commercial metropolis of the West. The Leavenworth Medical and 
Surgical Association was active from 1862 to 1865, with a membership 



270 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

including Drs. Levi Houston, C. A. Logan, Tiffin Sinks, J. P. Earickson, 
George E. Budington, A. Bowlby, 0. P. Barbour and others. The Leaven- 
worth Medico-Chirurgical Society was organized April 14, 1865, with Dr. 
0. P. Barbour president and Dr. W. B. Carpenter, secretary. 

Four meetings of the Kansas State Medical Society have been held 
in Leavenworth. Three Leavenworth physicians have held the office of 
president of the society. A meeting of the state society will be held 
whenever the hotel accommodations are adequate. 

The Homeopathic Society of Kansas met in Leavenworth on April 
14, 1869, with Dr. J. J. Edic as secretary. 

"The Medical Herald," a quarterly, appeared June 1, 1867, and was 
edited by Drs. C. A. Logan and Tiffin Sinks, later by Dr. J. W. Brock. 

In 1859 there were in Leavenworth ten drug stores, four midwives 
and thirty-five physicians; in 1868, ten drug stores, fifteen nurses and 
forty-one physicians ; in 1921 there are thirteen drug stores, thirty nurses 
and twenty-three physicians. 

The county of Leavenworth is more hospitalized than any other in 
Kansas, and is unique in the entire country in the variety of its hospitals. 
The capacity of the hospitals is given as follows: 

Cushing Hospital 30 beds 

Elmwood Hospital 30 beds 

Evergreen Hospital 50 beds 

St. John's Hospital 70 beds 

County Hospital 70 beds 

Kansas Prison Hospital 16 beds 

Kansas Industrial Farm 10 beds 

National Military Home Hospital 525 beds 

United States Disciplinary Barracks Hospital 150 beds 

United States Prison Hospital 122 beds 

United States Post Hospital 150 beds 

The names of physicians of Leavenworth County, who are in active 
practice, together with address and year of graduation, are as follows: 

Easton: Clint A. Laffoon 1907 

Basehor: James McCully 1915 

Jarbalo: Edwin S. Wood 1896 

Lansing: S. L. Axford 1902 

J T. Faulkner 1903 

Leo J. Swann 1908 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 271 

Leavenworth: Alonzo R. Adams 1904 

Wilbur A. Baker 1916 

Charles E. Brown 1904 

G. Ralph Combs 1902 

P. W. Darrah 1898 

J. L. Everhardy 1897 

C. C. Goddard 1873 

Frederic J. Haas 1907 

S. N. Jackson 1894 

Cyrus D. Lloyd 1898 

J. H. Langworthy 1907 

Charles J. McGee 1902 

S. B. Langworthy 1887 

Stewart McKee 1895 

J. D. Miller 1898 

C. M. Moates 1888 

Frank M. Morrow 1905 

James W. Risdon 1905 

J. E. Skaggs 1915 

Andrew J. Smith 1894 

H. J. Stacey 1896 

D. R. Sterrett 1907 

A. L. Suwalsky 1901 

C. K. Vaughn 1898 

A. F. Yohe 1888 

Linwood: H. E. Vannoy 1907 

J. W. Warring 1873 

Tonganoxie: Walter B. Coe 1896 

National Military Home : Surgeon, A. W. Bartel ; assistant surgeons, A. S. 
Stayer, O. A. Menges, F. C. Fuller, E. Raike, F. S. Yates and A. S. 
McClain. 

At Fort Leavenworth: Maj. Howard McC. Snyder is post surgeon; Maj. 
Edgar King, of the Medical Corps, is in charge of the United States 
Disciplinary Barracks Hospital; Lieut. Col. M. A. W. Shockley is on 
duty at the Service Schools. 



CHAPTER XVII 



THE LEAVENWORTH COUNTY BAR 



TERRITORIAL CODE OF PROCEDURE— JUDGES APPOINTED— JUDICIAL. DISTRICTS- 
FIRST TERRITORIAL COURT AT LEAVEN WORTH— ATTORNEYS ADMITTED 



It is no more than fitting that in a history of Leavenworth City and 
County mention should be made of the various members of the county 
bar. The major portion of these members once famed for their handling 
of early day legal matters have long since died or removed to other cities. 
When the Territory of Kansas was established and the Territorial Legisla- 
ture had met and passed a code of procedure a system of courts was estab- 
lished. Three judges were appointed and each had a certain district over 
which they presided. The first judge to preside over the district of which 
Leavenworth County was a part was Samuel D. LeCompte. 

The clerk of the court was furnished with an attorney's roll book 
which each practicing attorney having business before the court was re- 
quired to sign. Not all of the attorneys who signed the roll were neces- 
sarily residents of the city of Leavenworth, as there were some who from 
time to time came before the local court to transact business who conse- 
quently signed. 

The first territorial court ever organized in the Territory of Kansas, 
as well as in the county of Leavenworth, was organized in Leavenworth 
City, April 16, 1855, and this court met in a room on the south side of 
Delaware Street between Second and Third streets. S. D. LeCompte pre- 
sided as judge. His district at that time comprised all of the territory 
north of the Kansas River and east of the Blue River in the Territory 
of Kansas. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 273 

The names of the attorneys as they appear on the attorney roll in the 
office of the clerk of the District Court, together with data relative -to their 
enrollment as well as a short sketch of each is as follows: 

John A. Halderman, April 19, 1855. One of the first county com- 
missioners of the county of Leavenworth, having been appointed probate 
judge by the territorial governor of Kansas and ex-officio county commis- 
sioner. Mr. Halderman was for a number of years associated in the prac- 
tice of law with W. S. Stanley under the firm name of Halderman & Stanley. 
Volunteered his services during the Civil War and was commissioned major. 
Afterward promoted to rank of brigadier-general. Subsequent to war was 
appointed United States minister to Siam. 

Richard R. Rees is the second name found on the attorney's roll. Mr. 
Rees came to Leavenworth during the early '50s. He was a member of 
one of the oldest and most highly respected families of the city. He was 
elected in 1855 as one of the members of the territorial council. Judge 
Rees was associated in early days quite strongly with the pro-slavery ele- 
ment of the city and county. After serving in the Legislature he was 
elected probate judge of Leavenworth County and later as justice of the 
peace, which offices he held for a number of years successively. Subse- 
quent to this Judge Rees practiced his profession in the city successfully 
for a number of years. 

The name of D. J. Johnson is third found upon the attorney roll. Col. 
Johnson, as he was sometimes referred to, was a native Georgian. He 
came to the city of Leavenworth in the fall of the year 1854 and estab- 
lished himself in the practice of law, building up a very lucrative practice. 
For a time he was associated with James M. Lysle in his practice. 

Aulay McCauley, the fourth attorney to be entered on the roll, is re- 
ported not to have engaged in the practice of law so much as that of specu- 
lating in real estate in those early days. He laid out and had platted sev- 
eral additions to the city and took an active interest in the civic develop- 
ment in every way. 

James M. Lysle, the fifth attorney registered, was a southerner and 
took an active interest in early day politics, always aligning himself with 
the pro-slavery interests. His feelings ran very bitter against all Free- 
State men and his utterances and demeanor generally kept him in trouble. 
He was killed, being stabbed to death, in an election fight in 1855, by Wil- 
liam Haller, an election clerk, after Lysle and a number of others had tried 
to break up the polling place in the Second Ward. Haller was never tried 
for the crime, it being evident that he acted in self-defense. 

(14) 



274 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

D. A. N. Grover appears to have been the sixth to register as an at- 
torney in the county. Grover resided with his father near the city of 
Kickapoo, where his father was an Indian missionary. When the squatters 
of the territory held their meeting- at Rively's store in Salt Creek Valley, 
June 10, 1854, Grover was selected as recorder of claims on the Kickapoo 
and Delaware lands. 

David Dodge is registered as the seventh attoi*ney. 

The eighth lawyer registered on the local attorney roll was B. H. 
Twombly, who resided on a farm near the city of Old Delaware. 

The ninth name to appear on the attorney roll is that of Cole McCrea. 
In his valued work, "Early History of Leavenworth City and County," H. 
Miles Moore intimates that there was no real reason ever became apparent 
for the name being placed there. On April 30, 1855, McCrea and Malcolm 
Clark, then marshal of the county, engaged in an altercation at a squatter's 
meeting, which resulted in the killing of Clark at the hands of McCrea. 

The name of Charles H. Grover appears tenth on the attorney roll. 
Mr. Grover was a brother of D. A. N. Grover heretofore mentioned. Mr. 
Grover, too, lived in Salt Creek Valley. Among other distinctions Mr. 
Grover had the honor of being elected the first county attorney. 

Amos Rees was for a number of years an attorney in Platte City, 
Missouri. He was a member of the Leavenworth Town Company and took 
an active part in politics in the city's early days. For a number of years 
Mr. Rees was one of the city's and county's foremost attorneys. 

Peter J. Abell, the twelfth name to appear on the roll of attorneys, 
was a resident of Weston, Missouri. 

John Doniphan, the thirteenth attorney, also practiced law in Weston, 
Missouri, before coming here. Later he moved to St. Joseph, Missouri, 
where he was for years one of the most successful and prosperous attor- 
neys. He was a nephew of Col. Doniphan. 

C. F. Burns, the fourteenth attorney, practiced law in Weston, Mis- 
souri, before coming here. 

W. B. Almond was the fifteenth attorney to register for practice. Be- 
fore coming here he had served as district judge of Platte district in Mis- 
souri. He practiced here but a short time and later removed to San 
Francisco, California. 

William G. Mathias came here from Maryland in 1854. He was elected 
a member of the House of Representatives from Leavenworth County to 
the first Territorial Legislature in 1855. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 275 

Marens J. Parrot came from Ohio. In later years he removed back 
to Dayton, Ohio, where he died. 

J. Marion Alexander came to Leavenworth in 1854 from Pennsylvania. 
After the Civil War he went to Florida. 

William Wier, Jr., practiced successfully for several years. He raised 
a regiment of volunteers during the Civil War and was commissioned 
colonel. 

William Phillips, the twenty-first name on the list, came to Leaven- 
worth in 1854 from Ohio. He was a very active Free State man and 
was soon classified as a bitter enemy of the pro-slavery classes. The pro- 
slavery element several times ordered him to leave the city. On Septem- 
ber 1, 1856, he was shot and killed by a mob of pro-slavery fanatics. 

C. F. Barnard, the twenty-second attorney to appear on the roll, 
never practiced much before the local courts. 

Benjamin F. Simmons, the twenty-third attorney, came here from 
Virginia. He was an ardent pro-slavery man and shortly after it became 
apparent that the territory was distined to be Free State he moved away 

Samuel Formly appears to have been the twenty-fourth to sign the 
roll. 

M. L. Truesdell came from Ohio and was an ardent Free State man. 

Jeremiah Clark was the twenty-sixth party to register. He had been 
appointed deputy marshal of the court by Judge Samuel D. LeCompte. 

H. P. Johnson came from Ohio. He was an ardent pro-slavery advo- 
cate and he with others, interested parties of pro-slavery inclination in the 
building of the old Planters' Hotel. When the Civil War broke out John- 
son joined the Union Army and was commissioned a colonel by Gov. Rob- 
inson. He was killed in the battle of Morristown. 

M. W. Delahay came in 1854 from Illinois. He was an ardent Free 
State man and very early began the publication of a Free State paper 
known as the "Kansas Territorial Register," which came into much dis- 
favor in the sight of the pro-slavery element. During Delahay's absence 
from the city on one occasion a number of Kickapoo Rangers came to the 
city and raided the "Register's" place of business, confiscating all type 
and printing machines which they threw into the Missouri River. After 
this the paper was never re-established or published. Upon Lincoln's 
taking his office of President he appointed Delahay to the office of judge 
of the United States District Court for the District of Kansas. 

Thomas Shanklin came 'to Leavenworth in 1855. 



276 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

H. Miles Moore, next to register as a practicing attorney, came to 
Leavenworth from Weston, Missouri, in 1854. Mr. Moore was a Free 
State man and took an active part in early day politics in the territory. 
He was admitted to the bar in New York and later removed to Weston. 
He took an active part in the organization of the Leavenworth Town 
Company and was a member and officer in the same. The first squatter 
trial ever held in the territory of Kansas was held at Salt Creek Valley 
and Judge Moore was one of the attorneys in the same. During the 
latter years of his life he wrote a very authentic work in the way of a 
history of the early days of Leavenworth City and County. 

G. W. Gardner came to the city in 1854. He later moved from here 
to Colorado. 

Solomon P. McCurdy was never a resident of the city or county. 

William H. Miller came to Leavenworth County from Virginia in 
1855. He returned to Virginia and enlisted in the Confederate Army. 

H. T. Green was a native of Missouri and came to Leavenworth 
County in 1855. 'When the Civil War broke out he enlisted in an or- 
ganization to suppress the threatened Price raid. 

Thomas C. Shoemaker came from Illinois in 1854. His first work 
here was as an appointee of President Pierce as register of the first land 
office in the territory. He was an ardent Free State man. He was subse- 
quently murdered by a mob of pro-slavery fanatics. 

John I. Moore, a practicing attorney from St. Joseph, Missouri, came 
to the county in the year 1855 and remained here until the Civil War, 
when he removed to Salt Lake, Utah. 

G. W. Purkins came in 1855 from Virginia. He ranked as one of 
the ablest attorneys at the bar in these days and while a man of pro- 
slavery tendencies and belief he was broad minded enough to take no 
offense with those who differed with him in his political belief. He after 
several years' successful practice in this city removed to Denver, Colorado. 

George W. McLane appears to have been the next to enroll as an 
attorney. 

B. F. Stringfellow practiced in Weston, removing from there to 
Atchison, Kansas. It was he and other radical pro-slavery leaders who 
organized the various "Blue Lodges" and "Defense Associations" which 
came over from Missouri in early days and tried to control elections. 

Edward Young, a young Kentuckian, stayed here and practiced but 
a very short time. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 277 

James Hadley was a practicing attorney of Atchison, Kansas. 
Henry Tutt is the next name found registered. 

James Christian, a law partner of James H. Lane at Lawrence, Kan- 
sas, practiced successfully before the local courts for a number of years. 
W. M. Patterson is the next name. 

A. G. Otis, a member of the firm of Otis & Glack, of Atchison, Kan- 
sas, was never a resident here. 

J. P. Kichardson practiced law but very little. 

Lorenzo Bird came to Leavenworth in 1854. He was a member of 
the Leavenworth Town Company. 

H. H. Hutchison was the next to enroll. 

L. F. Hollingsworth resided in the county south of town. 

Joseph P. Carr was a resident of Atchison, Kansas. 

John Wilson came from Platte City, Missouri, in 1856. He occupied 
a high place in the rank of local attorneys from the first. 

Josiah Kellog came to Leavenworth in 1855. 

Marshall P. Taylor never practiced much. 

Burrell B. Taylor, of Kentucky, came here in 1855. For a time he 
was editor of the "Leavenworth Herald." 

Robert P. Clark resided at Platte City, Missouri, before coming to 
this city. 

William Perry practiced successfully here for a number of years. 

S. S. Goode was an ardent pro-slavery man. For several years edited 
"The Journal." 

Reece Paynter came here from Missouri in 1856. 

D. S. Boling practiced but little here. 

Daniel L. Henry was a resident of Missouri and a strong pro-slavery/ 
man. 

B. M. Hughes resided at St. Joseph, Missouri. He was later elected 
governor of Colorado. 

R. C. Foster, Jr., came from Platte County, Missouri, and formed a 
partnership with H. T. Green. Foster practiced in the city for several 
years very successfully and later moved to Texas, where he was counsel 
for the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway. 

E. M. Mackemer was another practicing attorney. 

David M. Smith did but little in the way of practicing law. 
Lewis Ramage was a practicing attorney of Weston, Missouri. 
H. B. Branch was a St. Joseph, Missouri, attorney. 



278 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

William McKay resided here for a number of years. 

0. B. Holman came from Wisconsin and was very successful. 

William M. McMeath was the next attorney to register. 

Ferdinand J. McCann is the next member enrolled. 

Henry J. Adams came to this city from New York in 1857. At the 
outbreak of the war he joined the Union forces and was appointed pay- 
master by President Lincoln. 

Henry W. Ide came to this city in 1857 from Wisconsin. He was a 
very able attorney and was elected judge of the district court here and 
held this position for four successive terms. 

Albert Perry was the next attorney. 

John W. Henry came from Weston, Missouri, in 1857. 

E. Magruder Lowe was from Virginia. 

Clifton Hellen came from Washington, District of Columbia. 

Samuel A. Young was a prominent Missouri attorney. 

J. W. Whitfield was the first delegate to Congress to be elected from 
the Territory of Kansas. He was a Georgian and pro-slavery in politics. 

A. E. Mayhew was never a resident lawyer. 

James H. Lane was never a resident of the county. His home was 
in Lawrence. At the time of his suicide on the military reservation north 
of the city he was United States Senator. 

Albert Weed was but little known. 

John C. Douglas came to Leavenworth County in the early '50s, and 
was one of the early attorneys who began practicing in this city and re- 
mained here engaged in the practice during his lifetime. 

William Scott Brown enrolled April 29, 1857. 

Guernsey Sackett enrolled April 30, 1857. 

Van B. Young enrolled May 10, 1857. 

Willard P. Gamble came to this county during the middle fifties from 
Michigan. He was early associated with M. S. Adams, the partnership 
being one of the strongest in the city. He served as a member of the Leg- 
islature from the city in 1868. 

David W. Guensey never engaged actively in practice. 

John L. Pendery came in 1857 from Cincinnati, Ohio. 

S. W. Johnstone came to Kansas in 1854 from Ohio. He had been 
appointed as a territorial judge by President Pierce and assigned to the 
western district. After serving for a period of three years he resigned 
the judgeship and took up a residence in Leavenworth and became asso- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 279 

dated with the law firm of Johnstone, Stinson and Havens. Later he 
removed to Washington, D. C. 

John E. Pitt was a practicing lawyer of Platte City, Missouri. 

0. Diefendorf came here from Illinois. He was at one time associ- 
ated in practice of law with Stephen A. Douglas and later with H. Miles 
Moore. 

J. B. Chapman was never a resident of this city or county. 

James McCahan was one of the most successful attorneys in Leaven- 
worth in the early days. 

Col. John P. Slough came to this city from Ohio in 1857. He returned 
to Ohio and joined the Union army. He was appointed governor of the 
territory of New Mexico by President Lincoln. 

William Franklin was never a resident of this city or county. 

William Stanley came to this city in 1857 from Kentucky. Shortly 
after arriving here he entered into a partnership with John A. Halderson 
in the practice of law. When the Civil War began he enlisted together 
with the greater majority of a company of men which he had organized 
in this city known as the "Shields Guards", in the Union Army. After 
the war he studied for the ministry and in due time became a Christian 
minister. 

William H. Cole practiced but little here, if any. 

Jerome B. Conklin practiced but little. 

M. S. Adams came to Leavenworth in 1857 from Connecticut. Mr. 
Adams was a very able attorney and practiced successfully for a number 
of years. 

William Kemp, Jr., was at one time associated in the publishing of 
the "Leavenworth Times" in early days. 

Jackson Smith registered September 19, 1857. 

Claudius McGiven, registered September 22, 1857, Robert H. Shan- 
non, registered September 25, 1857, and William C. Prest registered the 
same date. 

Franklin G. Adams was a brother of Henry J. Adams. 

George S. Withers enrolled October 7, 1857. 

J. A. Burton was next to enroll. 

A. W. McCauslen enrolled November 7, 1857. 

Warren Woodson enrolled February 2, 1858. 

Alex. Paddock signed the attorney roll April 13, 1858. 

Henry Tinsmede signed April 14, 1858. 



280 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Joseph E. Merryman, of Platte City, Missouri, was very widely known. 

James Taylor came to Leavenworth in 1857 from New York. 

Walter N. Allen was admitted to the bar after coming here from Ken- 
tucky in 1858. 

A. M. Sawyer enjoyed a large practice here for a number of years. 

J. S. Kalloch enrolled April 17, 1858. For a time here he was minister 
to the Baptist Church, and later moved to Ottawa, Kansas, where he 
became interested in the publication of a newspaper there. 

S. A. Stinson came to Leavenworth in 1858 from Maine. He was one 
of the most brilliant young attorneys the city ever had. 

John Gill Spivey practiced successfully here for a number of years. 

Fox Diefendorf came here comfortably fixed in the way of the world's 
goods and devoted but little time to the practice of his profession. 

C. B. Trowbridge was devoted to real estate speculating. 

E. N. 0. Clough, the next name to appear on the attorney roll, came 
here from Parkville, Missouri, in 1858. With the outbreak of the Civil 
War he enlisted in the Union Army where he was later elected to several 
positions of honor and trust by his many friends. 

E. Joyce Smithers and L. B. Hamilton practiced for only a limited 
time. 

R. Crozier came to this county in 1857 and was interested in the pub- 
lication of the "Leavenworth Times". He was appointed United States 
District Attorney for the district of Kansas by President Lincoln. He 
also served three terms as Judge of the District Court of the First Judi- 
cial District of Kansas. 

William Simpson, J. K. S. Burbridge, William D. Wood, J. H. Bennett, 
D. C. Allen, F. T. Goodrich, F. T. Logan did not reside here. 

Frederick Swoyer, Benjamin Wigley and Alfred Gray were never 
residents of the city or county. 

E. F. Havens practiced successfully here for a number of years, yet 
died young. 

Alonzo F. Callahan came to Leavenworth County from Ohio, in 1858. 

J. C. Hemingway came from Kentucky. 

J. F. Broadhead, George W. Still and Barzills Gray next appear. 

The next five attorneys to appear on the roll are: P. Sidney Post, 
Charles H. Bargh, D. H. Hailey, William S. White, and W. R. Kickpatrick. 

John C. Tarr came here from Virginia. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 281 

D. S. Johns, S. H. Glenn, Ira P. Ballen, Edwin S. Grant, Othello I. 
Flagg, L. S. Mager and William H. Ruell were registered attorneys. 

The names of the attorneys as heretofore set out were all subscribed 
to the attorney's roll previous to the admission of Kansas as a state. 
After the admission of Kansas as a state the first name to appear on the 
roll is that of Samuel D. Lecompte. Lecompte, after leaving the bench 
as judge of the First Judicial District of the territory of Kansas, opened 
an office here. He associated with him in the practice William G. Mathias 
and Lewis Burns. He practiced here for several years and then returned 
to the East where he spent the latter part of his days. 

D. J. Brewer whose name follows that of Judge Lecompte's on the 
attorney roll came to this city from New York. His first legal association 
here was with the law firm of Johnstone, Stinson & Havens. Later he 
formed a partnership with P. B. Hathaway under the firm name of Brewer 
& Hathaway. Shortly afterward he was appointed United States Commis- 
sioner. Later he was elected county attorney, then probate judge, and 
still later judge of the district court. He also held the office of county 
superintendent of schools here at one time. 

Judge Brewer's rise was rather rapid from the very inception. From 
the district bench he was elected one of the judges of the supreme court 
of the state of Kansas. Later when there was a vancancy on the bench of 
the United States Circuit Courts he was appointed by the President. From 
this position he advanced in a few years to a Justice of the Supreme Court 
of the United States, being appointed December 18, 1889. He died in 
Washington, D. C, March 28, 1910. 

R. H. Housley, for a time identified with the law office of Clough & 
Wheat, devoted more of his attention to farming than to his practice. 

Thomas P. Fenlon came to this county in 1859 from Pennsylvania, 
and took a high rank as a criminal lawyer: He served several terms in 
the State Legislature. He was a Democrat and was one of the leaders 
of his party. 

Samuel S. Ludlam came to this county in 1859 from Michigan. He 
early deserted the practice of law and entered into newspaper work. 

F. P. Fitzwilliam was one of the foremost attorneys in the city for 
a number of years. 

Lysander B. Wheat was another attorney who early forced his way 
to the very pinnacle of his profession in this city and went to make up 
that legal coterie which gave to Leavenworth County one of the most for- 



282 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

midable of bars. He came to this county in 1859 and for a time was asso- 
ciated in the practice with William McNeil Clough. 

Owen A. Bassett lived at Lawrence, Kansas, where he was district 
judge. 

John M. Case came to this county in 1859 from Wisconsin. He prac- 
ticed here until about the time of the Civil War when he returned to 
Wisconsin. 

R. P. C. Wilson, before coming here, resided in Platte City, Missouri. 
He early associated himself with A. J. Jacobs. 

George W. DcCosta practiced here but a very short time and then 
moved to the West. 

T. A. Hurd shed light and brilliancy upon the Leavenworth Bar. He 
came here in 1859 from New York. He was associated with H. Miles 
Moore. During Governor Glick's administration he was appointed to the 
Supreme Court of the State of Kansas. Judge Hurd enjoyed a large and 
successful practice here during his lifetime as an attorney. 

N. H. Wood was also from Wisconsin. 

John P. Mitchell was a resident of the city for a number of years. 

W. W. Gallagher was for a time associated with the firm of Delahay, 
Dugger & Gallagher. 

P. P. Hathaway practiced quite extensively here for several years. 
He was identified with David J. Brewer for some time. 

W. S. Carroll came to this county in 1859, and eventually moved to 
Wyandotte County. 

E. Stillings, another of the more noted of early day lawyers, came 
from Ohio at an early date and formed a law partnership with Thomas 
Fenlon, and later with Judge Hurd. 

Hiram Griswold came from Ohio. For a time he was associated in 
the practice of law with Z. E. Britton. 

William McNeil Clough came here from Platte County, Missouri. 

Charles W. Lowrie never practiced. 

George H. Hoyt, Z. E. Britton and D. B. Halderman registered but 
never practiced. 

William C. McDowell, from Ohio, enjoyed a large and successful prac- 
tice here for a number of years and was eventually elected judge of the 
District court of this county. He met death through an accident in St. 
Louis, Missouri. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 283 

Lewis Burns was a resident of Weston, Missouri, before coming 
here. When Kansas was admitted as a territory Burns came here from 
Weston and proceeded to take up a large tract of land in Salt Creek Val- 
ley. At one time he was a member of the law partnership known as 
Lecompte, Mathias & Burns. He later moved to St. Joseph, Missouri, and 
entered the newspaper business. 

L. M. Goddard took a leading part in the affairs of the city and was 
elected county attorney for several years. Mr. Goddard removed from 
here to Colorado and was elected one of the judges of the Supreme Court 
of that state. 

Hector D. Mackey devoted his time to the insurance and real estate 
business. 

James S. Jelly came from Indiana and practiced very successfully 
until about the time of the outbreak of the Civil War when he returned 
to his home in Indiana. 

George H. English was a very clever attorney and gentleman and 
practiced here for a number of years but when Kansas City gave evi- 
dence of developing into a city he moved there. 

Charles W. Helm came from Virginia. He was a very successful 
practitioner while here. He remained in this city until about the time of 
the Civil War when he moved to Texas. 

Henry M. Burligh was a resident of the city here but did not practice 
on an extensive scale or for long. 

Joseph W. Taylor occupied a very prominent place among the early 
day attorneys, and his active interest in politics secured his election to 
the State Legislature several terms as well as county attorney. He 
removed to Colorado. 

Byron Sherry served one term as judge of the Leavenworth County 
Criminal Court and later went to Kansas City. 

James Ketner occupied a very high position in the legal profession 
here for a number of years and served two terms as probate judge. He 
later removed to Junction City, Kansas. 

Nicholas Smith came from Kentucky at an early date. After the 
death of his wife he removed to New York where he became associated 
with Horace Greeley in the publication of the New York Tribune. 

Isaac E. Eaton was another Ohio attorney to come to this state. He 
was an active Democrat and quite a leader. 



284 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Newton Mann came to this state shortly after its organization. He 
was elected twice as probate judge of the county and together with his 
brother Nathan Mann who was associated with him in the practice of law. 

Among the most famous of early day attorneys to practice law in 
this city was William T. Sherman of Civil War fame. Sherman came to 
this city in 1858 and soon engaged in the practice of law, associating him- 
self in partnership with Hugh Ewings and Dan McCook. Sherman, while 
associated with a formidable firm of attorneys here, never gave a great 
deal of his time to the practice of law. Shortly before the outbreak of the 
Civil War Sherman removed to Louisiana. It was from that place that 
he entered the army upon the outbreak of the war. 

Thomas Ewings, Jr., another famous early day lawyer, was associ- 
ated with William Sherman in the practice here. He was elected as the 
first chief justice of the Supreme Court of the State of Kansas. When 
the war broke out he was commissioned a colonel of a company which he 
had raised. He rose from this rank to that of Brigadier-General. It was 
he that during the war issued the famous "Order No. 11" which was aimed 
at the destruction of Missouri Guerillas. After the war Ewings returned 
to his home in Ohio and still later went to New York where he engaged in 
the practice of law. 

Hugh Ewings was another member of the famous early day legal 
firm of Sherman, Ewings & McCook. Most of Mr. Ewings' time was 
taken up in real estate business rather than the practice of law. He like 
other members of this famous legal firm proceeded to get connected quite 
early with military affairs upon the outbreak of the war, he returned td 
Ohio and raised a regiment of volunteers for the Union Army. He was 
appointed colonel of this regiment and from this rank rose during the war 
to that of Major General. He held the position of United States Minister 
to The Hague. 

Dan McCook, the other member of the firm of Sherman, Ewings & 
McCook, came here originally from Ohio during territorial days. He was 
a very brilliant young attorney and the partnership was a noted one of 
those days. McCook was a member of the famous "Shields Guards" of 
this city in those days and at the time of the outbreak of the war this 
famous partnership dissolved and McCook returned to his home in Ohio 
where he assisted in raising a regiment for the Union Army and received 
a commission of colonel. From this he rose, like his three associates, to 
the rank of General during the war. He was wounded in battle during the 
war from which he eventually died. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 285 

James F. Legate, whose name appears next on the attorney roll, 
came to Kansas in the early fifties from the State of Massachusetts. He 
was a very active Free State man and took an unusual amount of interest 
in early day politics. Insofar as the practice of law is concerned, Legate 
devoted but little of his time to it before the local courts. He liver, upon 
first coming to the state, at Lawrence, Kansas. Mr. Legate held numerous 
positions of honor and trust during his lifetime which were given him by 
his numerous friends and constituents. 

L. G. Hopkins came here in 1868 from New York State where he had 
been engaged for several years in the practice of law. He practiced here 
until he died. During his latter years, especially, he devoted most of his 
time to abstract work. His son, Edgar Hopkins, at present carries on the 
abstract business. 

J. D. Shafer was another attorney of the late sixties and early seven- 
ties who practiced here. He came from Pennsylvania and arrived here 
April 2, 1867. He practiced here successfully for a number of years. 

H. N. Pendery, the next attorney, was a son of John L. Pendery, also 
an early day attorney. He was born in Cincinnati and was a graduate of 
Harvard University. He practiced here for a number of years. 

William Green came to Leavenworth with his parents in 1854. His 
father, Henry T. Green, was also an early day attorney who early gave 
up the practice of law and retired to his farm in the vicinity of Delaware 
City. William studied law and practiced here for some time. 

E. L. Carney was the son of Governor Carney, second governor of the 
State of Kansas. Ed. Carney, as he was known, was born in Kenton 
County, Ohio, and came here at an early date. He practiced here for 
some time after his admission to the bar. 

Vinton Stillings came to Kansas in 1863 with his parents in 1863. 
His father, E. Stillings, was one of the early attorneys of the county. 
Vinton Stillings practiced here for several years. 

W. C. Hook was born in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, September 24, 
1857. He practiced in this city from 1878 until 1899. In 1899 he was 
chosen United States District Judge for the District of Kansas and held 
this position until 1903 when he was appointed judge of the United States 
Circuit Court for the 8th judicial circuit, which position he still holds. 

Henry Woolman was a son of Jonas Woolman, a prominent early day 
citizen of this city. He practiced here for a number of years. 

Laurens Hawn was born at Weston, Missouri, and came to this city 
with his parents in 1860. He later graduated from Cornell University 



286 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

and began the practice of law here in the year 1878. For a number of 
years he held the office of Probate Judge in this county. His practice at 
the present time is confined exclusively to his office. 

M. L. Hacker came here from Kentucky in 1871. He practiced here 
for some time. He held, during his lifetime, numerous positions of trust, 
being at one time mayor of the city. 

J. P. Stinson came from Maine. He was a graduate of Yale Univer- 
sity and practiced here during the eighties and early nineties. He finally 
removed to Boston, Massachusetts, where he died. 

C. P. Rutherford was born in Meigs County, Ohio, November 13, 
1847. He was a graduate of Atwood College, Albany, New York, and 
came to Kansas in 1881, locating at Leavenworth. His first office in the 
city was with Lucien Baker. He has served as county attorney and as city 
attorney of the city of Leavenworth. He is still active. 

Henry F. Misselwitz practiced here during the eighties for awhile. 

Lysander B. Wheat was the son of Lysander B. Wheat, a prominent 
early day citizen of this city. For years he took an active interest in the 
welfare of the city. He held numerous positions of trust during his life- 
time here and was for years the city's foremost criminal attorney. 

John H. Atwood's name is next to appear on the attorney roll. He 
was born in Phillipston, Massachusetts, and was a son of Andrew and 
Mary E. Atwood. His legal education was obtained at Harvard Univer- 
sity where he graduated in 1884. He then came to Leavenworth where he 
engaged in the practice of law from 1884 until 1908 when he removed to 
Kansas City, Missouri, to engage in the practice there, being at the pres- 
ent time connected with the law firm of Atwood, Wickersham, Hall & 
Popham. 

During his practice here, Mr. Atwood ranked as one of the city's 
most brilliant attorneys. He took an active interest in Democratic poli- 
tics. He served as County Attorney of Leavenworth County from 1886 
to 1892. During the World War he was sent to France on a special mis- 
sion and while there traversed the entire Western battle front. 

Samuel C. Wheat, the next attorney to register for practice in this 
city and county, was the son of Samuel Wheat. He was at one time rated 
as Leavenworth's most brilliant attorney. He was associated for years 
here in the practice of law with his father. 

J. H. Wendorff, for several years before taking up the practice of 
law in this county, taught in the county schools. He served four years as 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 287 

county attorney of Leavenworth County and for the past twelve or four- 
teen years has been judge of the first judicial district of the State of 
Kansas which is composed of Leavenworth County. 

T. W. Bell registered December 7, 1886. He has for years been one 
of the leading colored attorneys of this city. 

Joseph Combs registered for practice before the local court Septem- 
ber 19, 1887. He never practiced here to any extent. 

William E. Goss, the next attorney on the roll, registered October 15, 
1887. He practiced here but very little. 

C. S. Kinney, whose name appears next on the attorney roll, regis- 
tered for practice before the local courts. He practiced in this city but a 
short time. 

W. W. Hooper subscribed his name to the roll September 26, 1888. 
Mr. Hooper came here from Nebraska and his legal education was obtained 
in the office of Vinton Stillings and at Ann Arbor, Michigan. For a num- 
ber of years before taking up the study of law, Mr. Hooper was employed 
in the city here as a telegraph operator and station agent. While he has 
always taken an active interest in public affairs, Mr. Hooper has never 
held a public office with the exception of being a member of the local school 
board. 

Wilson G. Lowe was born and raised in the city of Leavenworth and 
organized the first company of high school cadets here. He never practiced 
very extensively here. 

Thomas P. Fenlon, Jr., a son of T. P. Fenlon, one of Leavenworth's 
leading early day lawyers, was the next attorney to subscribe his name. 

W. B. Latta registered June 19, 1889. He did not practice here but 
a short time when he removed to New York. He died several years ago. 

J. D. Wendorff, a brother of J. H. Wendorff, at present time judge of 
the first judicial district, was born in Jefferson. He registered as an attor- 
ney here June 29, 1889. At the present time he is a practicing attorney 
in Kansas City, Missouri. 

N. E. VanTuyl registered September 16, 1889. For a number of years 
he was a member of the law firm of Kelso, Van Tuyl & O'Keefe. He prac- 
ticed in this city about fifteen years and is at the present time connected 
with the Prairie Oil & Gas Company at Independence, Kansas. 

H. M. Minor was the next attorney to subscribe his name. 

W. L. McClinton came here from Pennsylvania. He registered for 
practice February 28, 1891. He served as assistant county attorney under 



288 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

John H. Atwood and served during the Spanish-American War in the 
United States army. At present he is a lieutenant colonel in the United 
States army. 

William C. McDonald, next on the attorney roll, came to Leavenworth 
in 1888 and studied law in the office of William Dill. He served as deputy 
clerk of the district court under Con Curtin, and later removed to the 
Pacific Coast where he died of consumption in 1905. 

J. C. Petherbridge was a Leavenworth County man, being born near 
Boling. He practiced here for a number of years. About 1904 he removed 
to Kansas City, Missouri, where he is at the present time engaged in the 
practice. 

B. R. Brewer is never known to have resided here. 

John T. O'Keefe, whose name appears next on the attorney roll was 
born in Leavenworth County, January 19, 1871. His legal education was 
obtained at Yale University where he graduated with the degree of L.L.B. 
in 1893. He opened an office here after his being admitted to the bar and 
has remained in the practice here since that time. While he has always 
taken an active interest in public affairs he has never held but one office, 
that of city attorney for several years. 

Eli Nirdlinger registered September 20, 1892. He has served as judge 
of the city court of Leavenworth since 1917. 

John R. Judge never practiced here to any extent. 

James C. Stone never engaged in active practice here, though he 
registered for such May 5, 1893. 

A. E. Dempsey, next on the attorney roll for this county, was born 
in High Prairie Township, Leavenworth County, in April, 1866. After 
being admitted to the bar he became associated with the late Judge Gil- 
patrick in the practice of law here. At the present time he is located in 
the Times Building. 

F. P. Fitzwilliam was born and raised in the city of Leavenworth. 
He practiced successfully here for a number of years and served three 
terms as city attorney. He died September 22, 1913. 

Morris G. Levison registered July 13, 1894. He later went to St. 
Louis, Missouri, where he is at the present time engaged in the practice. 

Harry E. Michael practiced law here for a number of years and served 
as county attorney for two years, 1900-1901. He later removed to San 
Francisco. 

Ira E. Dudley registered for practice October 2, 1894. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 289 

L. L. McBride subscribed his name March 11, 1895. 

Lee Bond whose name was subscribed to the local attorney roll May 
4, 1895. Mr. Bond served the county as county attorney for eight years 
and also served several years as deputy clerk of the District Court. Since 
1907 he has served as U. S. commissioner for this district. 

H. M. Aller was the next attorney to subscribe his name to the list 
of practicing attorneys. 

0. E. Mann, a son of Newton Mann, a prominent early day attorney 
of Leavenworth city and county registered as a practicing attorney May 
18, 1895. He has been engaged in the practice of law here since that 
time. 

Frank Garrett registered as a practicing attorney of this city and 
county, July 15, 1895. After practicing here several years he removed to 
Los Angeles, where he died. 

Dennis Jones has been one of the leading colored attorneys of this 
city. 

Benjamin F. Endres registered February 24, 1896. He was born 
January 27, 1875 in this city and attended the Leavenworth schools. He 
was admitted to the bar in February, 1896. Mr. Endres served from 1903 
to 1907 as police judge of the city of Leavenworth and as city attorney 
from 1909 to 1913. He was also deputy county attorney under Harry 
E. Michael. At the present time he represents the city of Leavenworth 
in the State Legislature and has for several years. 

Arthur M. Jackson registered July 18, 1896. He was born in Arenz- 
ville, Illinois. 

E. K. Krezdorn registered January 4, 1897. Mr. Krezdorn was for a 
time associated in the practice with the offices of Clough and Wheat. He 
is at the present time chief clerk in the quartermaster's office in San An- 
tonio, Texas. 

Stanley A. Pearson never practiced to any extent in this city. 

John Dougherty registered January 30, 1897. He was born and 
reared in the city of Leavenworth. 

N. Earl Mann never practiced law to any extent here. 

A. C. Harding subscribed his name July 12, 1897. He practiced 
nothing but pension law. 

C. R. Middleton subscribed in June, 1899. He came to this city from 
Montana and practiced here for three or four years. 

(15) 



290 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

W. H. Bond was admitted January 6, 1900. He was born in Weston, 
Missouri, from which place he moved to St. Louis, Missouri, later coming 
here in the year 1864. He took an active part in politics and represented 
this district as State Representative for several years. He also served as 
sheriff of Leavenworth County and several years as city commissioner, 
as well as fifteen years as U. S. commissioner from this district. 

Thomas L. Johnson subscribed his name April 20, 1900, as a practic- 
ing attorney. For many years Mr. Johnson held the office of probate 
judge, being succeeded by the present incumbent, W. P. Wettig. 

David W. Flynn served as judge of the city court from 1904 to 1911. 

Harry L. Wilson registered September 15, 1900. He was admitted to 
the bar on the motion of C. R. Middleton. He practiced here for ten or 
fifteen years and finally removed to Minnesota. 

Samuel Eugene Nirdlinger registered November 24, 1900, although 
he never practiced in this city, and has been for a number of years con- 
nected with the C. B. & Q. Ry. Company in this city. 

E. B. Baker registered as a practicing attorney November 24, 1900. 
Mr. Baker practiced law in this city until about 1910. He is now engaged 
in practice at Alamosa, Colorado. 

James W. Hawes registered March 31, 1902. 

Paul F. Roberts registered as a practicing attorney January 24, 1903. 

Thomas Reed registered March 28, 1903. 

Lawrence E. Hohl was admitted to the bar April 4, 1903. He is now 
a lieutenant-colonel in the United States army. 

Malcolm McNaughton was born in Reno Township, Leavenworth 
County, April 1, 1882. For years he has been associated with Lee Bond 
here in the practice of law. He was deputy county attorney under Mr. 
Bond from 1908 to 1903. He also held the office of city attorney from 
1917 to 1918. 

Floyd E. Harper came here from Illinois. He was born at Ross Grove, 
Illinois, March 9, 1879, and obtained his legal education at the University 
of Chicago. He was admitted to the Kansas bar in 1905. He served as 
judge of the city court from 1911 to 1915 when he was elected county 
attorney which position he held until 1921. 

Lucien B. Rutherford enrolled January 25, 1910. At the present 
time Mr. Rutherford is associated with the Wulfekuhler State Bank in 
the banking business. 

James Benton Kelsey was born and reared in Leavenworth County. 
For a number of years he taught in the county schools and was superin- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 291 

tendent of schools before taking up the study of law. His legal education 
was contained at the Kansas City School of Law. He registered as a 
practicing attorney of Leavenworth County July 2, 1910. He was 
shortly after this elected county attorney which position he held for some 
time. During the World War he enlisted as a private in the aviation sec- 
tion of the signal corps and soon rose to the rank of first lieutenant. In 
the early part of 1921 after being discharged from the military service 
he resumed the practice of law in the city of Leavenworth. 

Jesse A. Hall, next attorney to register, was born in Easton Town- 
ship, Leavenworth County, November 12, 1875. He attended the county 
schools as a youth and taught twelve years before taking up the pro- 
fession of law. His legal education was obtained at the University of 
Kansas and Kansas City School of Law. In 1910 he was elected county 
clerk of Leavenworth County, which office he held four years. He also 
served three years as police judge of the city of Leavenworth under the 
Davis and Seitz administrations. 

G. F. Dohrn, who registered January 22, 1913. For a number of 
years he was associated in the practice here with Bond & McNaughton. 

Stewart Brewster registered as a practicing attorney June 25, 1910. 
For a time he was associated with the late F. P. Fitzwilliam in the prac- 
tice here and later with Floyd E. Harper. He served several years as 
police judge of this city. He removed from here to Kansas City several 
years ago. 

Charles Dolde, the next attorney to register for practice here was 
born and reared in Leavenworth. He practiced here but a short time, 
being associated with James B. Kelsey, under whom he served as deputy 
county attorney for a time. 

George L. Carter registered as a practicing attorney April 4, 1914. 

W. P. Wettig, the next attorney to appear on the local roll, was born 
and reared in the city of Leavenworth and attended the city schools. He 
was admitted to the bar, January 25, 1914. In 1915 he was elected judge 
of the city court which office he held for a term of two years when he 
was elected probate judge and now holds that office. 

James S. Medill subscribed to the roll June 24, 1915. He was at first 
associated in the practice with Benj. F. Endres. During the World War 
he was commissioned a first lieutenant of infantry and was assigned to 
the 43rd Infantry. He died of pneumonia at Camp Logan, Texas, while 
in active service. 



292 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

W. H. Biddle, a son of W. I. Biddle, warden of the U. S. penitentiary 
at the present time, was born and reared in the city of Leavenworth, at- 
tended the city schools and graduated from the local high school. He 
obtained his legal education at the Kansas City School of Law and reg- 
istered as a practicing attorney of this city June 24, 1915. During the 
World War he was commissioned a second lieutenant and was for a time 
attached to Company E, 353d Infantry, the major portion of which was 
made up of Leavenworth men. After his discharge from the army he 
resumed practice here for a short time but was later commissioned a cap- 
tain in the judge advocate department which position he is at present 
holding. 

Samuel Parisa signed the roll as a practicing attorney October 5, 
1915. Fo,r a short time he was associated in the practice with James B. 
Kelsey. He lives at present on his farm south of Lansing. 

LeRoy T. Hand, the next attorney to subscribe his name to the local 
roll was born and reared in Leavenworth County. He graduated from 
the county schools and for a number of years taught in Leavenworth and 
Atchison county schools before taking up the study of law. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar January 20, 1916. Since beginning the practice of law 
he has been associated with Jesse A. Hall. Together they have written 
this work. 

Paul C. Mails registered June 24, 1916. He was born and reared in 
Leavenworth County. During the first administration of J. C. Davis as 
mayor of Leavenworth, he served as police judge. He later removed to 
Tulsa, Oklahoma. 

D. W. Hooper, registered June 27, 1917. Since being admitted to the 
bar he has been associated in the practice with his father. He served a 
term as city attorney under the J. C. Davis administration and was elected 
county attorney in 1920. 

Eugene V. Henderson registered July 7, 1916. At that time he was 
treasurer of the Kansas City Western Railway Company. He held this 
position for a number of years here. He never engaged in the practice 
of law during his stay in this city. 

James J. Olson registered as a practicing attorney of this city Febru- 
ary 21, 1917. For several years he was sheriff under W. H. Courtney. 
He served during the World War in the United States army, being a mem- 
ber of the 89th Division. Upon being discharged from service he began 
practice here with Floyd E. Hai*per under whom he served as deputy 
county attorney. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 293 

John A. McLaughlin, during the World War, served as a first lieu- 
tenant of cavalry and is now serving with that rank in the army. 

John J. Glynn registered for practice April 21, 1918. He is now serv- 
ing as deputy county attorney under D. W. Hooper. 

W. H. Medill, a son of Sherman Medill and brother of the late James 
S. Medill, was admitted to the Missouri bar in 1920 and to the Kansas bar 
in January, 1921. He is associated with Bond & McNaughton. 

While the name of C. F. W. Dassler does not appear to have been 
subscribed on the local attorney roll, Mr. Dassler is at the present time 
a member of the local bar association and has been engaged here in active 
practice for many years. He came to this city in 1873 from St. Louis, 
Missouri, and since that time has been engaged in practice here. Since 
1876, Mr. Dassler has compiled the statutes for the state of Kansas. He 
served two terms as city attorney here in previous years and holds that 
position at the present time. He has also served as president of the 
Board of Education of this city and as a member of the city council. He 
is the author of two valuable text books in "Dassler's Civic Code" and 
"Dassler's Kansas Form Book." 



CHAPTER XVIII 



WORLD WAR. 



ENTRANCE OP THE UNITED STATES IN THE WORLD WAR— PRESIDENT WILSON'S 
ADDRESS TO CONGRESS— WAR ACTIVITY IN LEAVENWORTH COUNTT— AR- 
MISTICE SIGNED— "IN FLANDERS FIELDS"— THOSE WHO SERVED — CAS- 
UALTIES. 



It is not in the province of this history or within the purview of this 
short chapter to attempt a history of the great World War which threat- 
ened the very foundation of civilization and affecting every nation in the 
world. 

President Wilson, in his speech before Congress, April 6, 1918, used 
the following eloquent and forceful words which found a spontaneous 
response throughout all America: 

"Let everything that we say, my fellow countrymen, everything that 
we henceforth plan and accomplish, ring true to this response till the 
majesty and might of our concerted power shall fill the thought and utterly 
defeat the force of those who flount and misprize what we honor and hold 
dear. 

"Germany has once more said that force, and force alone, shall decide 
whether justice and peace shall reign in the affairs of men, whether right 
as America conceives it, and dominion, as she conceives, shall determine 
the destinies of mankind. 

"There is. therefore, but one response for us; force, force to the 
utmost, force without stint or limit, the righteous and triumphant force 
which will make the law of the world, and cast selfish dominion down in 
the dust." 

Leavenworth County generously and nobly did her part in the great 
World War in both men and money. Her citizenship is made up from 
people or descendants from almost every nation of the Eastern Hemis- 
phere. Like other localities in this country we form a melting pot for 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 295 

the nations of the globe. She has a large number of German birth or 
parentage. As a class they are frugal, saving, prosperous, honest and 
loyal to America. 

Before our entrance into the great war most of them were in sym- 
pathy with Germany, and as such were not neutral. But with our 
entrance their hearts beat true, and they at once sprang to action, and 
responded as a class to every call. If there were reservations in the 
minds of a few, the number was indeed small and existed to a large ex- 
tent in the minds of the suspicious. By reason of the variety of national- 
ities blended into our citizenship the editors are called upon to say that 
they can conceive of no war with a foreign foe that would not in some 
way involve some of our citizens in a conflict with their ancestors. But 
with all we are Americans, regardless of the route each has traveled to 
become one. We are one in life of home and country. Those who toiled, 
suffered, bled and died in Flanders fields are confined to no special 
nationality. 

Early Monday morning, November 11, 1918, the news was flashed 
across the country that the armistice was signed. A great demonstration 
was held in Leavenworth City. Bands played and demonstrations of all 
kinds were carried on in celebration of the occasion and in jubilation of 
the end of the most stupendous tragedy in the history of the world. 

The treaty of peace with Germany has not yet been signed and some 
of our brave boys are yet on German soil. One by one most of them have 
returned. We are not able to give the promotions or special deeds of 
valor of our boys with the meager information at hand. Nor are we able 
to give the names of all of those boys who left their homes to give their 
services to their country. For the following list we are indebted to the 
draft board, consisting of W. H. Courtney, sheriff; H. V. Reilly, county 
treasurer; and Loretta Quinn, secretary of the board. J. E. Voorhees, 
county clerk, was a member of the draft board but was commisisoned a 
lieutenant and gave his services overseas. 

IN FLANDERS FIELDS. 

In Flanders fields, the poppies grow 
Between the crosses, row by row, 
That mark our places ; and in the sky, 
The lark, still bravely singing fly, 
Scarce heard amid the guns below. 



296 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

We are the dead. Short days ago 
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, 
Loved and were loved, and now we lie 
In Flanders fields. 

Take up our quarrel with the foe. 
To you from failing hands we throw 
The torch ; be yours to hold it high. 
If ye break faith with' us who died 
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow 
In Flanders fields. 
(Written by Lieut. Col. John McCrea during the battle of Ypres, 
April, 1915. He now sleeps in Flanders fields.) 

AN ANSWER. 

In Flanders fields the cannon boom 
While up above, like eagles fly 
The fierce destroyers of the sky; 
With stains the earth wherein you lie 
Is redder than the poppy bloom, 
In Flanders fields. 

Sleep on, ye brave. The shrieking shell, 
The quaking trench, the startled yell, 
The fury of the battle hell 
Shall wake you not, for all is well. 
Sleep peacefully, for all is well. 

Your flaming torch aloft we bear, 
With burning heart an oath we swear 
To keep the faith, to fight it through, 
To crush the foe or sleep with you 
In Flanders fields. 
(Written by C. B. Galbraith, Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State Librarian.) 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



The following is a list of those who served in the World War from 
Leavenworth County: 



James Arron 
Thomas Adams 
John Adams 
William Adams 
Eugene Alford 
Alfred Alexander 
Edward Alig 
Hugh Ward Allen 
Arthur Allrich 
John Alster 
Ray B. Anderson 
Claude Anglin 
Floy R. Arnold 
Norvel J. Atkinson ■ 
Manuel Abillicira 
Herman T. Ala 
Oscar Allen 
Albert E. Anderson 
Franklin Attesburg 
David R. Alford, Jr. 
Dan R. Anthony, 3rd 
Chas. A. Attesberg 
Lafe M. Amundeson 

Ray Bachmann 
Leo Bagley 
Chas. Baker 
Albert Balz 
George A. Burman 
John E. Barnhardt 
Earl Barrett 
George Becher 
August W. Biene 
James Wm. Bell 
John Bell 
Nobel Benefiel 



Louis Bernstein 
Herbert Boyer 
John Bilsing 
Wm. A. Bishop 
John Black 
.Arthur Blanton 
Chris Blockberger 
Thos. J. Boone 
Clarence Andrew Botts 
Charles W. Bowen 
Henry A. Bozworth 
Leo N. Bradley 
Edwain Brewster 
Albert Brightwell 
James M. Bristwow 
Harold Brogan 
Herman Brokaw 
John D. Brown 
Clifford Brown 
Chester Brown 
Lathrop Brown 
James Brown 
Carl W. Bucholz 
Hermann Bullard 
William L. Burns 
William Burns 
Albert Burton 
William Burwell 
John J. Bollin 
Clarence Burr 
Chas. C. Brown 
Grover E. Bolten 
John Blaser 
Hugh M. Bell 
Harry Benson 
Jacob Bellstusky 



298 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



Wallace Bryant 
Frank Brown 
Roscoe Baker 
Edward A. Bloom 
Paul Bear 
Curtis A. Brooks 
Nichodemus Bonczynski 
Aloysious Bollin 
Humphrey Biddle 
Jess Bridges 
Bradford Baker 
Wm. Borchhardt 
Fredrich Bird 
Louis Burton 
Raymond Beandry 
Lawrence Beard 
George A. Burhnam 
Eugene Brooks 
John Blume 
Earnest Chas. Brown 
Wm. T. Bush 
Clarence Bell 
Arthur Bojanwer 
Cyburnis Brown 
Herman Brandt 
Charles B. Bubb 
Albert L. Barr 
George Bleistein 
Ernst Babcock 
John Busey 
Charles Baker 
Chas. Joseph Bellstusky 
Raymond Brown 
Joseph Bradley 
Roy Brinkley 
Louis Bunker 
Vernon Branch 
William Baglin 



Leonard Bishop 
Walter Brueckan 
Charles Behee 
Edgar Bleistein 
John Wm. Bell 
Edward 0. Besel 
Erwim Samuel Brown 
Carl Brantigan 
Raymond Brokaw 
William Banes 
Earl G. Briggs 
Frederick Butzin 
John D. Baker 
Joseph Boone 
James C. Bates 
Joseph Bates 
Howard Bransfield 
Carl Orrin Bird 
Walter Bleakley 
John Richard Babski 

Joseph Cahill 
Peter Caldwell 
Fred Colson 
Raymond Campbell 
Archibald Campbell 
Harry Campbell 
Terry C. Canady 
Dennis Carter 
Joe Chism 
John Chismar 
Bentley Clark 
John F. Clements 
Ralph Coffman 
James A. Collier 
Walter Collins 
Henry Joseph Collins 
John Connelly 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



299 



Frank Conboy 
Alex. Constantinopolus 
James F. Conway 
Emmett Cook 
Leon Cooter 
John Cooter 
Wm. Cowling 
David Craig 
Charles Creclius 
F. M. Crook 
Wm. Curry 
Wm. Curtian 
Harry Can- 
Ernst Cline 

Edward Kenneth Crowley 
James C. Craven 
Elmer Camerron 
Harry L. Calvin 
James Prentiss Conley 
Roscoe C. Campbell 
William McCarthy Cook 
Fred Collins 
Roy Collins 
Myron S. Collins 
Oscar Cowling 
Don Phillip Coleman 
John W. Christian 
Frank Champbell 
Thommas Francis Connelly 
James L. Chase 
Burr Cowan Coelett 
Norman F. Cleverdon 
Thomas John Cahill 
Chauncey Clark 
Ralph Collins 
Fred Carter 
George Carther 
C. C. Cloud 



William Edgar Connell 
Joseph Coffro 
Guy Truman Courtney 
Elmer John Cowling 
August Albert Cowling 
Tom Carl 
James A. Clyce 
Willie Lee Collier 
Charles H. Clyde 
Frank Curry 
Graham M. Coppersmith 
Harry Elleworth Crook 
Granville M. Coppersmith 
Raymond Coldren 
William Casey, Jr. 
William M. C. Cornforth 
Roy Samuel Campbell 
Arnett Ray Cox 
Dewey Chandler 
Lloyd Colvin 
William Paul Chandler 
Eugene Hugh Cammerron 
Joseph B. Colombo 
George L. Cochran 
Earl Wayne Cherrie 
William Eugene Collins 

Herbert M. Dallon 
N. Davis 
Charles Davidson 
Albert C. DeFrees 
Clarence Dickinson 
Henry Doll, Jr. 
Leo Bernand Donovan 
Edward Dooley 
Frank Dorsey 
Walter Dougherty 
Arthur Singer Downs 



300 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



George W. Drescher 
Frank Drexel 
Charles Daniel Driscoll 
Roy L. Droullard 
Arlie Duree 
Henry Charles Dolde 
John Albert Denny 
Oscar Lee Douglas 
Thomas Dooley 
Frank Driscoll 
John Dailey 
Robert A. Downing 
Edward Doyle 
Fred J. Dabner 
Daniel B. Doyle 
Leonard G. Deamer 
Ownie Davis 
Sir Francis Cecil Drake 
James Duncan 
Roy Davenport 
Thomas C. Desmond 
John M. Duffin 
John Dorsey 
John B. Donovan 
Daniel T. Dodson 
Charley Davidson 
Floyd J. Decker 
Vernon Alfred DeHoff 
Ray Jennings Dessery 
Fred H. Dutweiler 
Ward William Dengler 

Chas. Ebert 
Raymond C. Edgell 
William Ebert 
John Martin Edler 
George Adam Ehart 
Albert L. Emsurlere 



Burnam T. English 
Perry H. Enyeart 
Joseph E. Egkert 
Fred Eisler 
Taylor England 
William H. P. Evert 
William Ralph Evans 
Paul Edmonds 
Ray Edmonds 
Charley Jack Elberson 
James Bryan Erratt 
Alfred Elmer 
Ralph S. Edwards 

Fred Faerber 
Earl Farrell 
Alphonsus Fellman 
Myron K. Feth 
Grover Ray Fevurly 
Robert E. Field 
Neal Flom 
William G. Forrin 
Carl W. Franie 
John B. Franks 
Sam Frauson 
Chester A. Freeman 
John M. French 
Lee H. Frey 
Leo Louis Fink 
William G. Fuller 
William Fitzgerald 
Gerald Leo Fitzgerald 
Emmett Leo Farrel 
George Fowler 
Hirman R. Floyd 
John Clifford Fewing 
Henry Clyde Fisher 
Robert B. Frick 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



301 



Henry Forge 
Clyde N. Fritz 
Louis Martin Fink 
Glen Frank Ferree 
John Fletcher 
Raymond McKay Flint 
Charles Fewing 
Richard N. Fisher 
William H. Fort 
Frank Milo Ogden 
Edgar Earl Fevurly 
Edward B. Ferguson 
Clyde Willis Ford 
Henry D. Flom 
Elgie Clarence Flinner 
Michael Paul Forris 
Daniel Francis Foley 
James Endriss Farrell 
George Forris 

Daniel V. Galvin 
Bert Gardner 
Mayer Garfinkle 
Joseph E. Gates 
John Giese 
Ed. Giacominni 
Roy Gilbert 
John Glynn 
Martin W. Goergen 
Charles H. Goetting 
Edwin Leonard Gordon 
Charles E. Gaupp 
Elmer Gough 
Charles F. Green 
Paul R. Greever 
James Guihm 
Roy Grisham 
John C. Girt 



Paul Evertt Gilman 
James Edwin Garnett 
Eugene P. Gempel 
Paul A. Gempel 
Charles N. Giese 
Harry 0. Garvey 
John Henry Glettig 
Joseph Elmoin Green 
James U. Gabbeft 
Arthur Jacob Grady 
Louis George 
John Glynn, Jr. 
John B. Greever 
John D. Gallagher 
Robert E. Gror 
Walter E. Gerb 
Clarence Earl Geisen 
John F. Gwartney 
Michael Ginsburg 
Walter M. Gist 
John Alfred Godfrey 
Fred Goetting 
William R. Gardner 
William Charles Gailey 
John F. Grady 
William Mason Garrett 
Earl Francis Galvin 
Gerome Galvin 
Hugo Giacomini 
Russell Walter Good John 
Carl H. Goehner 
Warren Morse Gorbett 
Walter Henry Goller 
Omar Lealie Gordon 
Robert J. Galvin 

Joh H. Hafferkamp 
Lester D. Hamil 



HI2 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



Sam Hamilton, Jr. 
Harry Harun 
James Hauson 
Charles A. Harbaugh 
Aaron Sylvester Harvey 
August Hashagen 
Jacob A. Hastert 
Clarence Hathorne 
Milton Haworth 
Andrew J. Hauserman 
Jacob Hencheck 
Edward Hencheck 
Walter Henderson 
Carl L. Heim 
Lewis L. Heim 
Charles A. Heitzelman 
John T. Herkins 
Tony Herrig 
Zell Hewitt 
Henry P. Hicks 
Frank B. Hicks 
Glenn Harry Hill 
James C. Hill 
Alfred Rudolph Hilpert 
Claude E. Hinman 
Albert R. Hodapp 
Abe Hoffman 
Edward John Hogan 
George W. Hageman 
John P. Holloman 
Ray E. Horton 
Otis Horton 

Clarence James Hawkins 
Amos Frederick Hoy 
Edward W. Hoy 
Irvin A. Houghland 
Homer Hughey 
Clyde Hughes 



George Huhn 
Alfred Hultz 
Claude H. Humphreys 
Clark Hurley 
Martin Hunner 
Kenneth Hunt 
Orville Hunt 
King L. Hunting 
Walter Melton Hawkins 
Samuel Hamler 
George E. Harding 
Antoine A. Holtmeyer 
Albert N. Hack 
Walter N. Hill 
William Hubbard 
Carl Martin Holdorf 
E. M. Harris 
Homer William Haug 
Truman F. Henderson 
Edward Kibbie Hallaux 
Clarence H. Hitzemann 
Verne Clarney Hager 
Henry Hicks 
Ora N. Hollingsworth 
Carl Fountain Huffman 
Carl H. Helman 
Wilbur Hanley 
Thomas 0. Hedges 
Richard Hardin 
Daniel Hawes 
Ed. Haug 

Howard Frances Hassett 
Joseph J. Heintzelman 
Andrew Hodock 
William Hundley 
Dan Hunter 
Mathew Huff 
James William Hawkins 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



303 



Pleasant Hartley- 
Edward James Halpin 
Roy Huffman 
Lester Wilson Hilner 
Gerald Bruce Harford 
Martin Huhn 
Leo Heintzelman 
Allie Heintzelman 
Allen A. Hawkins 
Carl Hopkins 
George Henry Harth 
Elmer A. Henderson 
Louis Howard 
Walter Michael Halpin 
Frank Hines 
Otto Hertel 
Bisbarck Haxlewood 
Martin Andrew Heim 
Lowell F. Harmon 
Lee Graham Henry 
Milton Emil Haas 
Harry J. Hicks 
William Herman Huhn 
William H. Helmers 
Paul B. Hughes 

Joseph H. Inkman 
Elmer L. Iven 

Ivan A. Jackson 
John W. Jenkins 
Asa Lauter Jewett 
Homer R. Jewett 
Henry Johnson 
Louis Johnson 
James J. Johnson 
Edward Earl Jones 
Walter W. Jones 



Clyde Joyce 
Harry F. Joyce 
Pearly J. Jackson 
William Miller Jones 
Rudolph Jost 
Lester Jackson 
Albert R. Jackson 
Alex Jackson 
John Johnson 
Frank Albert Jenkins 
George Joyce 
Frank Albert Jenkins 
Harry Byron Jenkins 
Frank Charles Jeanin 
Kilmer Harris Jackson 
Joseph Henry January 
Lawrence Johnson 
Edward Jackson 
Warren B. Jury 

Albert Reiser 
Julian E. Keller 
Richard L. Kelley 
Floyd J. Kelsey 
Andy P. Kensbock 
Arthur George Kenton 
Leo George Kern 
Anton Kern 
Lambert J. Kern 
McKinley King 
John Stance Kirmeyer 
Joseph Henry Klamet 
Edward J. Klinkenberg 
Otto A. Klieistick 
Joseph Knapp, Jr. 
Alexander T. Knox 
John B. Kosakowski 
Joseph Kolometz 



304 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



William F. Krautz 
Joseph Kressin 
William Kreutzer 
Edward Kleinschmidt 
Albert Alexander Kihm 
William John Kersten 
Eddie Kimble 
Ora E. Kinnaman 
James Arthur Keating 
Otto August Kasten 
Frank Kiser 
Albert L. Koerner 
William Keys 
Arthur S. Klemp 
Clarence Kennedy 
Fred Kreutzer 
Carl Krekler 
Walter E. Klinkenberg 
William Kelly 
Henry Kempin 
Michael William Knapp 
Stephen George Kramer 
Louis Harold Kane 
Alva King 
■ Arthur Klamm 
Fred Christ Kruse 
Walter Kaster 
Kenneth C. Knight 
Joseph C. Klasinski 
Matt Kersten 
John Krautz 
Frank Joseph Killillay 
Harold Joseph Kueny 
Henry L. Klamet 

William C. LaCaille 
John Lada 
John J. Laird 



George E. Lamb 
Walter A. Lambert 
Roy Lambkin 
Ralph Earl Larew 
Earl M. Lawson 
Lewis LeGrande 
Edward P. Leonard 
Harry T. Lewis 
Henry Liebenow 
Alphonse Lienhart 
Charley Lina 
Martin Lippert 
Stanley W. Lloyd 
John Loar 

John A. L. Lockhart 
Ray Love 
John R. Lowe 
George Gary Ludwig 
George V. Lingenfelser 
James Carothers Lysle 
Otis Calvin Lytten 
John M. Langley 
Clarence L. Langley 
I. R. Lurker 
Miner Lott 
Earl Long 
Mack Lawrence 
John Langly 
Squire Logan 
Virgil Charles Lurker 
Jerome Levy 
George Lippert 
John G. Lozenski, Jr. 
Herman V. Lichtenfel 
John 0. Latta 
Raymond L. Lord 
John Larkin 
Abe E. Laird 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



305 



Dan Love 
James F. Lahiff 
Adolf Lowenstein 
Emmit Logan 
David T. Lidsay 
Foster Laming 
Joseph Lozenski 
Eugene A. Longgood 
Ralph Lewis 
Samuel Langford 
George Lawrence Leonhard 
Lewis Earnest Lohman 
Lester Carr Lewis 
Charles C. Laming 
Dan J. Lyons 
Benedict Lingenfelser 
Sidney Guy Long 
George Adolf Linck 
George N. Lawrence 
Ormand Warren Leavel 
Ralph F. Lewis 

John Henry Majors 
George F. Majors 
Edward Monahan 
Charles Leo Mann 
Frederick B. Manatt 
Bertell L. Matthews 
Harry Edward Matthey 
Victor Mayer 
James C. McCaffrey 
Ralph McClain 
Elwood McLain 
Thomas McCarty 
Thomas Robert McCarty 
John McConnell 
John B. McCool 
Thomas F. McDonald 

(16) 



William H. McGlynn 
Henry McGraw 
Alexander Meade 
George Meeker 
Edward Mainert 
Ray Allen Melvin 
Albert Meister 
Charles Henry Merchant 
R. A. Meyer 
John J. Michalak 
Frank Miller 
Edward Lewis Miller 
Joseph Mischefsky 
Samuel Jefferson Mitchell 
Thomas J. Monahan 
John Moore 
Essie Moore 
Randell Morton 
William A. Moses 
Charles Murphy 
William Murray 
William A. Mueller 
Oliver Meyers 
Joseph A. Meyers 
Byron Henry Mehl 
James Sherman Medill 
Robert McCarty 
Joseph McCarty, Jr. 
Arthur McCIurg 
John Charles Madden 
Sidney Baker Mitchell 
Will Murray 
Anthony Michefsky, Jr. 
James Andrew McCarren 
James Cassies Moore 
William T. Moore 
Michael McCheskey 
Luther May 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



Floyd Morris 
Joseph Thomas McEvoy 
Paul Domby McKenzie 
Robert Earl Moody 
Sherwin Mella 
Bennie Matthews 
Height Majors 
Joseph Frank Mandel 
King Edward Marks 
William Valentine Majors 
Wilfred J. Maloy 
Joseph John Michalak 
Edward Mosher 
Francis Rudolph McEvoy 
Henry August Meyer 
Thomas James McCaffrey 
Wallace Emora Matthews 
William Harold Medill 
Wilson Robert Meyers 
Gene Alfred McCone 
Morris Morgan 
Charles Percival Matthews 
John A. McLoughlin 
Henry Gustus Meinert 
John Herman Meinken 
Ira Llewlyn Matthews 
Clarence Morton 
George Tabor Medill 
Frank William Mayer 
Andrew B. Matzeder 
Paul A. Morton 
Roy Herbert Martin 
Thomas F. Murray 
Edward Marcott 
Joseph E. Merrifield 
Selden I. Munson 
Lewis Frederick Mehl 
Porter H. McCartney 



James 0. McFarland 

Samuel H. Markley 

Natus J. Milkowski 

Ralph Charles Matzeder 

Ralph Arthur McRill 

Noble Hayes Mayfield 

Edgar McRill 

Thomas L. Medill 

Walter Morris 

Bryan Murphy 

Nicholas N. Navinsky 

Arthur Noack 

John Joseph Nirschl 
Glenn Norris 
Charles Leon Nuhn 
Richard Nywenning 
Sidney E. Norris 
Charles Henry Norris 
Stephen Nowowiezski 
Stephen A. Naeher 
John Wesley Nuhn 
John Northrop 
Joseph Alfred O'Brien 
Adam William Ochs 
Leo Frederick Ode 
Edward George O'Leary 
James Joseph Olson 
Arthur Olson 
Benjamin J. Olson 
William T. Orlowski 
Otto Orlowski 
Ralph O'Neil 
Homer T. Orick 
John Edwin Ortman 
George L. Ortel 
Frank Underwood Orr 
John William O'Connor 
Charles Michael O'Brien 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



307 



Francis O'Heron 
Edwin G. Oliver 
Michael O'Keefe 
Frank O'Hara 
Hugo A. Okoniewski 
Herman Amor Ochs 
Edgar Harold Oswalt 
John Joseph O'Donnell 
Julius Peters Ochs 

Albert Panek 
Joseph Panek 
Chester L. Parks 
Orville Lee Paronto 
John Parsons 
Harry Pasewark 
Frank E. Paul 
Stanley Panek 
John G. Pellman 
Groutcher Peet 
Paul Peterson 
Gilbert L. Phillips 
Clarence J. Piechowaik 
Eddie Pierce 
Charles F. Pike 
Lucien B. Pike 
Virgil Poynter 
George F. Post 
James E. Potter 
Glenn L. Preston 
Antone Price 
Emil Psotta 
Willard W. Putnam 
Bernard R. Phillips 
Alois Podlesny 
George F. Palmer 
Andrew O. Potter 
Freddie Pennington 



John Pappenhausen 
Charles Aaron Pouppirt 
Sherman Palmer 
Alphonse John Payeur 
Audrey Lavery Purcell 
Harry C. Peterson 
Homer Calvert Peters 
Leo Harrison Pearson 
Robert Emmett Pike 
Malcolm Bradley Parlin 
William Peck 
Ralph N. Phenicie 
Harry Peterson 
Ben Harrison Pullins 
Jason Penrod 
Paul Russell Parker 
Peter Paul Popowitz 
Eugene Page 
William H. Perkins 
Arthur Price 
Frank F. Payne 
Claude H. Porter 
Seymour N. Perkins 
Clarence Price 
Jack Patton 

Robert Coleman Powers 
Caryl Wright Parks 
Tom Peet 
Albert Phillips 
Peter Paul Panek 
Lucien Parlin 
Paul Dewey Parker 
David H. Putney 
Herman Poggemeyer 

William C. Quackenbush 
Amos Lawrence Quinlan 
Howard D. Quinlan 



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HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



Albert J. Singer 
John Shaughnessey 
Leo Shepherd 
Lowell E. Shields 
Walter H. Shirk 
Alexander Sughrue 
Harry D. Skaggs 
Charles W. Slocum 
James Snopkowski 
Martin Slomski 
Joseph Snopkowski 
Cecil Bryan Southwell 
Dee Spain 
Paul Spaethe 
Doc Sparks 
Grover C. Spencer 
John Spencer 
Peter Stadsholt 
Robert C. Staniford 
Leonard Stanwix 
Collin Starnes 
Henry Stein 
Walter D. Steinhauer 
Earl Stigers 
Joseph Ray Stucker 
Peter Paul Stuchr 
Victor Swiderski 
Fred C. Schrieber 
Andrew L. Schlonga 
Joseph Schmidt 
David J. Schweizer 
Paul H. Suberkrup 
Hillel Samisch 
Frank C. Salisbury 
Lawrence Stucker 
Edward Springer 
Frank Spencer Scott 
Fritz Schillo 



Edward John Suydam 
Lee E. Sacks 
Charles Albert Sihler 
William J. Stevenson 
Rex Slocum 
Reginald O. Shepherd 
Vincent Straub 
Charles X. Sharpe 
Roy William Shouse 
Leonard 0. Schapley 
Andrew Ward Stewart 
Emile Sommerla 
Lonie L. Sample 
Paul Sanders 
Charles Henry Smith 
Arthur W. Schonitzius 
George Smith 
Carl S. Scott 
Guy Sharp 
Franz Stump 
Lysle Michael Sellers 
Willard E. Smith 
Lawrence J. Savage 
Frank Scott 
William Splride 
Luther Self 
Charles Scott 
Henry Hampton Springs 
Otto Henry Schulz 
August E. Schwanz 
Alfred Strather 
Roy Chester Shaver 
Andrew F. Starnes 
John Alvan Schroeder 
August E. Schanze 
Archie Henry Seifert 
Lloyd Dwight Schlag 
Julius Strong 



310 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



Earl N. Stewart 
Paul Hyde Savage 
Frank B. Stacey 
Edwin Arnold Schalker 
Albert Luther Short 
LeRoy Shepherd 
Russell A. Stephenson 
Charley N. Schroyer 
Daniel Russell Simmons 
Morrill Self 

Arthur Wm. Stemmerman 
O. M. Schultes 

George T. Taylor 

George T. L. Taylor 

Vessey T. Taylor 

Ernest Theel 

Henry Theel 

James Jeremiah Thompson 

Edward P. Tillquist 

Walter T. Timmons 

Joe Titolski 

Henry Todd 

William N. Todd 

Louis Toffler 

Albert H. Tornedon 

Frank Towns 

Clifford Townsend 

Anton Titolski 

Frank Tonar 

Clyde Mills Theur 

Joseph A. Thorpe 

Ralph Tierney 

Frank Joseph Tonar 

Joseph Patrick Turner 

Thomas A. Tabb 

Deamont Thomas 

John R. Thayer 



Davis Ernest Theel 
William Adolph Teets 
Roy Cornelius Tinberg 
Randall Trackwell 
Carl Franklin Turner 
Louis F. Terwilliger 
Charles W. Thornburg 

Corlett Umholtz 
Charles Nicholas Ulrich 

Andrew C. Vlaehos 
John H. Voight 
Paul A. Voight 
Joseph E. Voorhees 
Luther B. Vigus 
John Frederick Vosmer 
Andrew Stacey Van Emman 
George Charles Vickers 
Harry Edward Van Tuyl 
Michael Visocsky 
Eddie C. Vormehr 
William T. Van Veighton 

Carl Wagner 
Clement Wahler 
Tony Wahler 
Richard Wahler 
Thomas Wahler 
Plummer Walker 
Robert Wallace 
Albert E. Walsh 
Robert L. Watson 
Jesse B. Warren 
Charles R. Warren 
Herman C. Watson 
Clement J. Weber 
Harry Welch 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 



311 



Lloyd Welch 

Joseph A. Wellman 

August L. Werly 

Fred Carl Werner 

Edward F. Wettig 

George Whitelaw 

Lawrence Whitney 

Ernest Wilkes 

David Roy Williams 

Jesse Ed Williams 

Otto W. Witt 

Edward Wikelsky 

Ira Wittelschofer 

Herman Willhardt 

Mosby Dan Woodson 

William Wright 

George Wright 

W. Wallace Wright 

Floyd Wuerth 

Harold Raymond Wood 

Amos E. Wilson, Jr. 

Eugene Wilson 

William Edward Wright 

James Marshall Wirtz 

Leo Walz 

Elvin Williams 

Whitney Bastion Wagner 

Ora Withrow 

Gusta Wash 

Harry Omer Westergeren 

John Elmer Wilson 

Willis Edward Wood 

Ben Warren 

Harry B. Weeks 

Elmer Whitten 

Wirt Dudley Walton 

William R. Wheeler 



James Williams 
Willie Floyd Williams 
Chris Wyrick 
Elliott Edward Winnig 
Fred Wake 
Jesse M. Wilson 
George A. Weaver 
Vernon LeRoy Wake 
George F. Wilson 
Joseph W. White 
Anton Weber 
John C. Ware 
John Wizzard 
John E. Walker 
William E. Williams 
Chester De Witt Worley 
Ralph Welch 
Amiel Wornei 
Leonard C. Williams 
Roy Elwood Wells 
Jesse Earl Wardwell 
John Phillip Wilhardt 
William Ernest Winter 
Edward Martin Willets 
Norman Earl Wiley 
Blair C. Watson 

Paul P. Younger 
Parker C. Young 
Mahlon A. Young 
Frank Thomas Young 

Elmer Zook 
Raymond George Zeitz 
Anthony Zienlinsky 
Walter Frank Zoellner 
Benjamin E. Zoll 



312 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The following is a list of Leavenworth County soldiers wounded: 

Wounded in Action. — Major George Pulsifer, Capt. Arthur O'Keefe, 
Lieut. William D. Bly, Sgt. Don P. Coleman, Sgt. E. E. Wilcox, Lieut. Per- 
cival Wilson, Sgt. Arthur Warner, Sgt. F. Walters, Sgt. Sam Loar, Sgt. 
Walter Cochran, Sgt. W. E. Burwell, Corp. Groucher Peet, Corp. J. J. 
Olson, Corp. Roy A. Nitsche, Corp. W. J. Peters, Corp. J. D. Brown, Corp. 
William J. Kersten, Aerial Gunner Tracy Hand, Privates Merle Ridgeway, 
Corlett Umholtz, Burt Leonard, F. G. Pottorf, H. P. Hinks, J. W. Calvert, 
Walter Sullivan, J. F. Conway, H. R. Jewett, Wilson Meyers, Charles 
Moorehead, Alfred Balz, E. M. January, W. E. Biene, John Roe, Joe Totoh 
ski, John Herkens, H. Skaggs, A. L. Sclonga, Oscar Douglas, A. Mischef- 
sky, Henry Liebenow, Ernest Trackwell, Clarence Piechowiak, Bert Mc- 
Kelvey, William J. Douglas, Neal Flom, Sidney Mitchell, Claude Erwin, 
Robert Downing, Joseph Inkman, C. A. Hitzeman, Thomas Hedges, A. J. 
Fellman, Ranza Moler, William Eberth, Charles Eberth, Lloyd Welch, King 
Hunting, James Wilson, Len Kerr, Ray Anderson, Walter Tuninious, Lam- 
bert Heitlinger, Andrew Clarke. 

Gassed— Lt. Paul Radford, Pvt. A. L. Jewett, Pvt. Edw. Dooley, Pvt. 
Oscar Meyers. 

Shell Shocked— Pvt. Walter F. Timmons, Pvt. Eisner Hammann. 

Necrology of Leavenworth County Soldiers in the World War: 

Bagwell, Ernst M., Bugler, Tonganoxie ; killed in action. 

Baker, Charles S., Corporal, Leavenworth; died. 

Bannister, James H., Captain, Leavenworth. 

Blanchard, Anthony, Sergeant, Leavenworth; died. 

Blockberger, Edward R., Corporal, Leavenworth; killed in action. 

Burns, William E., Corporal, Tonganoxie; killed in action. 

Crockett, David H., First Lieutenant, Leavenworth; died. 

Cunningham, Riley D., Private, Ft. Leavenworth; killed in action. 

Curtis, Frank, Private, Leavenworth; killed in action. 

Defrees, Albert C, Corporal, Acherland; died of wounds. 

Ewing, George T., Private, Leavenworth ; died. 

Fellman, Alphonse J., Private, Leavenworth; killed in action. 

Gadow, Hans, Sergeant, Leavenworth; died. 

Gallivan, Daniel J., Sergeant, Ft. Leavenworth ; died. 

Gouck, Kenneth S., Private, Leavenworth; died. 

Hageman, Harry D., Corporal, Leavenworth; killed in action. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 313 

Hamil, Lester D., Sergeant, Tonganoxie ; killed in action. 
Harding, Gilman C, Private, Leavenworth; died. 
Joyce, Harry F., Corporal, Leavenworth; killed in action. 
Hicks, Frank B., Corporal, Linwood; died of wounds. 
Kahn, Eugene M., Captain, Ft. Leavenworth ; died. 
Kelsey, Floyd J., Private, Tonganoxie ; killed in action. 
Kelsey, Harry B., First Sergeant, Easton ; killed in action. 
Korakowski, John, Private, Leavenworth ; killed in action. 
Leahy, John L., Private; killed in action. 

McCarren, Andrew J., Private, Leavenworth ; died of wounds. 

Medill, James S., First Lieutenant ; died. 

Mehl, Byron H., First Lieutenant, Leavenworth; killed in action. 

Mischefsky, Peter P., Private, Leavenworth ; died. 

Mitchum, Zachariah H., Major, Ft. Leavenworth; died. 

Moore, Charles A., Private, Leavenworth; died. 

Palmer, Sherman, Private, Leavenworth; died. 

Pogue, Charley E., Private, Leavenworth ; died. 

Rosencranz, Ike, Private, Leavenworth; killed in action. 

Sample, Louie L., Private, Leavenworth ; died. 

Schwandt, Carl F., Private, Leavenworth ; killed in action. 

Seichpine, Edward, Private, Piper; killed in action. 

Shepherd, Reginald 0., Private, Leavenworth; died. 

Slowski, Martin, Private, Tonganoxie; killed in action. 

Smelley, Duck, Corporal, Leavenworth; died. 

Smith, Mearil, Private, Loring; killed in action. 

Summerla, Emile, Private, Leavenworth; died of wounds. 

Souhrada, John, First Lieutenant, Leavenworth; died. 

Swiderski, Victor, Corporal, Leavenworth; killed in action. 

Thompson, William E., Private, Leavenworth; died. 

Titolski, Joe, Private, Leavenworth; died of wounds. 

Titolski, Julius, Private, Leavenworth; died. 

Warren, Ben C, Private, Lenwood; died of wounds. 

Williams, David R., Sergeant, Tonganoxie; killed in action. 

Wright, William E., Private, Leavenworth ; killed in action. 

Corporal H. A. Cline, unaccounted for. 

Private Emery Nobles, unaccounted for. 

Private James Haskins, unaccounted for. 

Private Or D. Roach, unaccounted for. 



314 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Private Thomas Owens, unaccounted for. 

Private Homer Hughey, unaccounted for. 

Bugler Victor J. Johnson, unaccounted for. 

Mechanic R. Knowles, unaccounted for. 

Private Paul Schmidt, unaccounted for. 

Corporal L. L. Peters, missing in action. 

Private M. L. Meyers, missing in action. 

Private M. W. Mails, missing in action. 

Whitney Wagner, Seaman; died. 

Jess W. Bridges, Seaman, died. 

Thomas Duff Cole, First Sergeant, died. 

Archie Phillips, Private, died. 

V. W. Lobb, Private, died. 

B. H. Doen, Sergeant, died. 

E. S. Brown, Private, died. 

J. D. Wright, Private, died. 

Anton Holtney, Seaman, died. 

Charles Goettings, died. 

Summary of the War with Germany. — The following is taken from 
report of Col. Leonard P. Ayers, authorized by the War Department: 

Five out of every 100 Americans took up arms in the defense of 
the country. 

During the Civil War ten out of every 100 inhabitants of the North- 
ern States served as soldiers or sailors ; 2,400,000 served in the Northern 
Army and Navy. 

Between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, when the armistice 
went into effect, 4,800,000 men constituted our land and naval forces. 

The British sent forth in her first year of the war more men than did 
the United States during her first year of the war. On the other hand 
it took England three years to reach a strength of 2,000,000 men in 
France, while the United States was able to place this number in the field 
and across the seas in half the time. 

Organization and equipment and transportation of an immense army 
as that of the United States across the ocean has never been equaled in 
the history of the world. 

Two out of every three American soldiers who reached France took 
part in battle; 2,084,000 reached France and 1,300,000 took part at the 
front. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 315 

American divisions were in battle for 200 days and engaged in thir- 
teen major operations from the middle of August till the armistice. 

American divisions held during the greater part of the time a front 
longer than that held by the British in October. They held 101 miles 
of the line or twenty-three per cent of the entire western front. 

In the battle of Saint Mihiel 550,000 Americans were engaged as com- 
pared to 100,000 on the north side in the battle of Gettysburg. 

The artillery fired more than 1,000,000 shells in four hours, which 
is the most intense artillery fire recorded in the history of the world. 

The Meuse-Argonne battle lasted forty-seven days, during which 
1,200,000 Americans were engaged. 

For every man killed in battle seven were wounded. 

Five out of every six men sent to hospitals on account of wounds 
were cured and returned to duty. 

In the expeditionary forces battle deaths were twice as many as 
deaths from disease. 

The number of American lives lost was 122,500, of which 10,000 
were in the navy and the rest in the army and marines attached to it. 

The war cost America $21,850,000,000, or approximately $1,000,000 
per hour. 

The greatest number of men sent over seas in a single month was 
306,000 and the largest number returned in any one month was 333,000. 

The supplies shipped from the United States to France was 7,500,000 
tons in nineteen months. 

The registration of men for the draft was 24,234,021 and of these 
2,810,296 were inducted into service. The largest number inducted into 
service in a single month was 400,000. 



CHAPTER XIX 



SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR 



COMPANY C, TWENTIETH KANSAS REGIMENT U. S. V. IN THE SPANISH-AMERICAN 
WAR. 



During the Spanish-American War Leavenworth was called upon to 
furnish a company of volunteers for active service in our war against 
Spain. So it was that this company was organized and afterward be- 
came C Company of the famous Fighting Twentieth Kansas Regiment. 

C Company was organized principally through the efforts of William 
S. Albright, who afterward became its captain, and Reverend Bright, 
pastor of the Methodist Church. Both of the above gentlemen organized 
companies. These two companies were consolidated and finally became 
C Company of the Twentieth Kansas Regiment. 

Of the services of the Twentieth Kansas Regiment in the Philippine 
Islands, Elihu Root, Secretary of War, makes the following comment: 
"The records of the War Department show that the Twentieth Regiment 
of Kansas Volunteers sailed from San Francisco on the steamship "In- 
diana" on the 27th of October, 1898, and on the steamship "Newport" 
on the 9th of November, 1898, arriving at Manilla on the first and sixth 
days of December following; that the regiment was engaged in actual 
battle, sustaining losses by death or wounds, on each of the following 
days, viz.: The 4th, 5th, 7th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 17th, 23d, 24th, 26th and 
28th of February, 1899 ; the 11th, 12th, 13th, 23d, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th, 
29th and 31st of March; the 25th and 26th of April; the 4th and 24th of 
May, and the 16th and 22d of June. Their participation in engagements 
is specially mentioned in cablegrams from General Otis on the 8th of 
February, the 28th of April and the 25th of May, 1899." 

The greater part of the engagements above mentioned were fought, 
and most of the losses of life were incurred, at a time when there was 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 317 

no obligation for further service resting upon the members of the regi- 
ment, except that which was self-imposed upon them by their own love 
of country and their determination to maintain the rightful sovereignty 
of the United States and the honor of its flag. 

The officers and enlisted men of the regiment exhibited high quality 
of bravery and efficiency. 

I beg to join with the people of Kansas in welcoming to their homes 
these citizen soldiers, so worthy of the heroic origin and patriotic history 
of their state." 

C Company took part in every engagement participated in by the 
Twentieth Kansas Regiment. Two members of the company, Private 
Raymond B. Dawes and Private Charles Graves, contracted and died of 
typhoid fever at Honolulu, Hawaii. The following is a list of officers 
and enlisted men who were wounded in action: Captain William S. Al- 
bright, Privates Arthur C. Howe, William Laudenschlager, James E. 
Riley, Henry L. Johnson, Frank I. Sample, Thaddeus J. A. Weigant, Ben- 
jamin Couchman. 

The following is a list of the officers and non-commissioned officers, 
together with the enlisted personnel of Company C: 

William S. Albright, captain; Samuel H. Hopkins, 1st lieutenant; 
Harry H. Seckler, 1st lieutenant; John W. Hauserman, 2nd lieutenant; 
John G. Waste, 2nd lieutenant; Ralph Leavitt, 1st sergeant; John C. 
Murphy, 1st sergeant; James P. Richardson, 1st sei'geant; William Cor- 
natzer, quartermaster sergeant; Joseph Besser, sergeant; Aubrey S. Ed- 
wards, sergeant; George S. Few, sergeant; Ernest Mordaunt, sergeant; 
Charles I. Sparks, sergeant; Frederick Boeppler, corporal; Frederick D. 
Carpenter, corporal; John S. Crook, corporal; Silas E. Davis, corporal; 
Carl H. Delfs, corporal; Jacob Dervies, corporal; Frank I. Dittman, cor- 
poral; Elmer Elkins, corporal; Lewis B. Howard, corporal; Arthur Mays, 
corporal ; Clarence F. Meyers, corporal ; Albion C. Nelson, corporal ; Frank 
I. Sample, corporal; William Suberkrup, corporal; Jay Thomas, corporal; 
Jacob Vogler, corporal; Richard Flannigan, artificer; John Kennedy, arti- 
ficer; Thomas D. Cole, musician; James B. Hines, musician; George B. 
Clark, wagoner; privates, William W. Baker, Frank Barbour, Thomas J. 
Bell, William Bickford, Walter M. Birdsall, Frederick W. Buckmaster, 
Robert C. Churchill, William S. Clark, William A. Conklin, Clare O. Coe, 
Charles M. Crane, Claude Croft, Benjamin Couchman Raymond B. Dawes, 
William L. Dawson, Eli C. Dresser, John Eckert, Edwin E. Ferris, Emmit 







318 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Fleming, Taylor Foster, Frederick Frank, George Frost, Ralph Gehrett, 
Charles Graves, Perry C. Goff, Arthur Ginger, Francis E. Head, Adolph 
Hensle, Arthur C. Howe, Charles A. Hund, Harry Jansen, Henry L. John- 
son, Robert Keifer, Edward Killilay, William P. King, William Lauden- 
schlager, William J. Lawson, William E. Ledger, Martin W. Layman, Isaac 
N. Lewis, Jonathan Loar, George W. Lucas, Edward L. McClure, William 
McCormick, Ralph E. McDowell, James C. McPherson, William J. Maloney, 
Owen Meredith, Robert L. Mitchell, Walter S. Moonlight, James F. Pinzon, 
Maiden E. Purvis, James T. Quackenbush, Joseph S. Reyburn, Roy B. 
Richards, James E. Riley, Stephan E. Ryan, George Schmania, Harvey 
T. Sherman, Maurice Sherman, Charles E. Singleton, Frank Slaybough, 
Faret A. Snell, William B. Sprague, Hiram W. Stevenson, Frederick 
Stewart, Miles A. Sweeney, William W. Taylor, Oliver Tillquist, Park C. 
Trueblood, John E. Watson, Albert Welday, Thaddeus J. A. Wiegant, 
Arthur Wrigley. 



CHAPTER XX 



MISCELLANEOUS 



'■KICKAPOO CANNON"— KICKAPOO RANGERS — TARRING AND FEATHERING OP 
WILLIAM PHILLIPS— FLOOD OF 1903— KILLING OF MALCOM CLARK— LANSING. 
SKELETON— BIG STRANGER, ITS MILLS AND BRIDGES— ABRAHAM LINCOLN- 
SUICIDE OF JAMES H. LANE— MILWOOD RAID. 

Kickapoo Cannon. — This famous old bit of artillery occupied no little 
niche in the early day history of the territory of Kansas as well as Leav- 
enworth County. It was a relic that had been taken into the Mexican 
War by General Kearney. It has been said that at one time this cannon 
was given by the military authorities at Santa Fe, New Mexico, to some 
traders who were to make a trip eastward over the Santa Fe Trail to 
serve them against any possible attacking parties and that they had to 
abandon the cannon near where the Santa Fe Trail crossed the Arkansas 
River; that it was subsequently brought to Weston, Missouri, by some 
citizens that happened to be returning to the eastward over the trail, and 
was later turned over to the military authorities at Fort Leavenworth, 
who refused to accept same. Subsequent to this it was again taken to 
Weston, Missouri, where it remained for a number of years. During its 
stay at Weston it was often pressed into service to salute steamboats 
upon their arrival. 

It is definitely known that during the year 1856 when the "Kickapoo 
Rangers" were planning their raid on Lawrence that the old cannon was 
stolen from Weston and taken across the river to Kickapoo. After the 
raid on Lawrence the cannon was returned to Kickapoo, where it remained 
until a party of Free State men from Leavenworth went out to Kickapoo 
one night and stole it. At one time it was pressed into use by pro-slavery 
men to threaten the owners of the old Planters Hotel into turning over 



320 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

a runaway slave under penalty of having the hotel blown down by it. 
After it was stolen from Kickapoo by Leavenworth Free State men it 
was concealed for a time but was later exhibited openly as sentiment 
became more and more Free State. It is now a part of the collection of 
curios at the Kansas State Historical Society at Topeka. 

"Kickapoo Rangers." — The term "Kickapoo Rangers" was a name 
quite early applied to the northern division of the territorial militia of the 
Territory of Kansas. They numbered all the way from two to three hun- 
dred men. The majority of these men were of pro-slavery inclination 
and their leaders were all pro-slavery leaders. A great many of the ruffian 
acts of territorial days were committed by parties of these men under the 
guidance and leadership of their radical leaders. David R. Atchison, at 
one time Senator from Missouri, was a leader and advisor among them 
and urged them on to commit many of their atrocities. In Blackmar's 
History of Kansas we find the following account of a speech made by 
Atchison, the occasion being immediately after the entering of Lawrence 
by this body May 21st, 1856: 

"Boys, this day I am a Kickapoo Ranger. This day we have entered 
Lawrence with Southern rights inscribed on our banner, and not one 
Abolitionist dared to fire a gun. And now, boys, we will go in again with 
our highly honorable Jones, and test the strength of that Free-State 
hotel and teach the Emigrant Aid Company that Kansas shall be ours. 
Boys, ladies should, and I hope will, be respected by every gentleman. 
But, when a woman takes upon herself the garb of a soldier by carrying 
a Sharp's rifle, she is no longer worthy of respect. Trample her under 
your feet as you would a snake. If one man or woman dare stand before 
you, blow them to hell with a chunk of cold lead." 

Both Jones and Atchison above referred to were never citizens of 
the territory or state of Kansas but merely operated out of Missouri, 
coming here only when there was an election which they desired to carry 
or some other bit of work to be done toward the furtherance of the cause 
of slavery in the territory. 

One of the most diabolical acts committed by the Rangers in this 
county was that committed January 18th, 1856, by a number of the 
"Rangers" under the leadership of Capts. Martin and Dunn, when they 
murdered Capt. Reese P. Brown at Easton following an election quarrel 
in which pro-slavery forces had attempted to take by force the ballot 
boxes from the home of T. A. Minard, at whose place the voting had 
been done the day before. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 321 

Tarring and Feathering of William Phillips.— Another early day 
atrocity catalogued by H. Miles Moore in his "Early History of Leaven- 
worth City and County" was the tarring and feathering of William 
Phillips. This took place May 17, 1855. 

William Phillips was an early day attorney of the city of Leaven- 
worth. He was an ardent Free State man and his hasty utterances and 
decisive stand on the burning question of those times brought him into 
disrepute with the pro-slavery elements of the city. He led a fight against 
this element over several election matters and when the killing of Malcolm 
Clark occurred a story was started to the effect that it was Phillips who 
handed McCrea the pistol with which he shot Clark. 

Shortly after this killing an indignation meeting was held in the 
city and resolutions were drawn up requesting and ordering Phillips to 
leave the territory. A copy of the notice which was given Phillips is here 
set out as it appears in Mr. Moore's "Early History of Leavenworth City 
and County:" 

"Leavenworth City, April 30, 1855. 
"To William Phillips: 

"Sir: — At a meeting of the citizens of Leavenworth and vicinity, 
we, the undersigned, were appointed a committee to inform you that 
they have unanimously determined that you must leave this territory by 
two o'clock of Thursday next. Take due notice thereof and act accord- 
ingly. 

"Sigwed: Jarrett Todd, John E. Posey, N. B. 
Brooks, William E. Berry, H. Rives Pol- 
lard, Jno. H. McBride, James M. Lysle, 
A. Payne, Thomas C. Hughes, William 
Blair." 

Upon the day appointed for Phillip's departure a committee called at 
his house and were informed that he had left the city. Later he was 
found in the city and arrested and threatened. It is said that he promised 
to leave as soon as he could get his business affairs straightened up. How- 
ever, time passed and when Phillips did not take any definite steps toward 
leaving the pro-slavery element decided to take drastic action. Mr. Moore 
in his "Early History of Leavenworth City and County" tells of the inci- 
dent which followed in the following way: 

"Thursday, 17th of May, 1855. The most disgraceful outrage took 
place here this P. M. that I ever witnessed. About a dozen men from 

(17) 



322 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Leavenworth took a man by the name of Phillips, a lawyer there, whom 
they had before ordered to leave town on account of his being an Aboli- 
tionist, as they charged, but he had returned again. They took him today 
and brought him across the river, just below Weston, and in a warehouse 
stripped him to the waist, tarred and feathered him and brought him 
up into town, mounted him on a rail and had a number of niggers and 
boys to drum on old pans and ring bells around. After marching through 
town they put him on a block opposite the St. George Hotel, and Dr. 
Ransom's old darky, Joe, auctioned him off and bid him in at one cent. 
They then took him down from the block, and after marching him about 
town a little longer, our people beginning to show signs and mutterings 
of disapproval and disgust of the proceedings, they soon started for 
home again with him. 

"He still stuck to his integrity to the last. Thank God it was mostly 
drunken rowdies from Leavenworth. I recognized one or two men whom 
I was surprised to see in the crowd, tugging at the rail on their shoulders, 
on which was seated Phillips, the victim of this vile outrage. * * * 
Among the crowd who brought Phillips over to Weston and took an active 
and leading part in the outrage upon him, I saw the following whom I 
knew personally, Thos. C. Hughes, and Eli Moore * * * John E. 
Posey, deputy United States Court clerk; H. Rives Pollard, assistant 
editor and W. H. Adams, then one of the proprietors and founder of the 
"Herald ;" J. L. McAleer, engineer and surveyor ; James M. Lysle, attorney 
and partner of D. J. Johnson ; Wm. L. Blair, clerk in store ; D. Scott Boyle, 
clerk of United States Court; Bennett Burnham, then a young gentleman 
of leisure, and some four or five others." 

It was not so long after this that a pro-slavery mob again attacked 
Phillips and shot and killed him. 

Flood of 1903. — During the latter part of May and the first of June, 
1903, incessant rains, for a period of about ten days, throughout the Kaw 
River basin and the basins of the Solomon and Smoky Hill rivers, tribu- 
taries of the Kaw and flowing into the Kaw in central Kansas, caused a 
congestion of water in the Kaw River between Topeka, Kansas, and Kan- 
sas City where the Kaw flows into the Missouri River such as had never 
before been witnessed even by the oldest settlers. The "June Rise" of 
the Missouri River was also at its highest point at the time and there had 
been constant rains along the basin of the Missouri River, for several 
days, for hundreds of miles toward the north. The fact that the Missouri 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 323 

River was "out of its banks" made it impossible for the water from the 
Kaw to quickly flow into the Missouri at its mouth in Kansas City, and 
consequently this checking of the flow of water from the Kaw to the 
Missouri contributed toward a much greater congestion of water than 
would otherwise have occurred. 

The farmers in the valley of the Kaw from Topeka, Kansas, to Kansas 
City had planted an unusual number of acres of potatoes in the spring 
and the prospects for a "bumper" potato crop were unusually encourag- 
ing. Many of these farmers lived in the southern part of Leavenworth 
County where some of the richest potato land in the world was, at that 
time, and is yet to be found. Linwood, Kansas, in the southern part of 
the county suffered the most serious damage as a result of this "flood of 
1903." This little city of about 600 people at the time was situated in 
the southern part of the county where Big Stranger flows into the Kaw. 
Big Stranger had been noted, locally, for occasional floods prior to that 
time and the general rains had swollen this stream to an unusual size. 
The huge volume of water in the Kaw "backed up" by the Missouri made 
it impossible for the water from Big Stranger to quickly and uninter- 
ruptedly flow onward into the Kaw. Linwood was situated mostly on 
the west side of Big Stranger and a little to the north of the north bank 
of the Kaw. 

During the month of May the Kaw reached a point when it was 
almost out of its banks. Big Stranger, likewise, was about ready to over- 
flow its banks. Linwood at that time was on low ground and the city 
was generally below the level of the tops of the east and west banks of 
Big Stranger. This was due to the fact that the citizens, when former 
floods threatened, had from time to time built up the banks in order to 
keep the water from flowing over the banks and into the streets and over 
the entire city. In this they had been successful for many years. 

On the evening of May 29, 1903, the word was passed around to all 
the people of the little city that it seemed probable that it would be 
necessary that they all get out and work most any time to again build 
up the Big Stranger banks in order to keep the water out. It was not 
long until the population of the city was generally busy in throwing up 
the embankments on the east and west sides of Big Stranger. However, 
at about 4 o'clock on the morning of May 30, the water broke through 
and began gradually to back into the city. At the time also the water 
seemed to be rising rapidly. When the water began to "back in" from 



324 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Big Stranger there did not seem to be much alarm over the possibility 
of its "backing in" so as to do much damage to buildings and property. 
The general consensus of opinion was : "It can't get much higher, because 
it never was this high before." However, about 8 o'clock A. M. of the 
same day word suddenly came to the people of the little city that the 
Kaw had broken through on Mr. Tudhope's farm just west of Linwood 
about one-half mile. Hardly had this word been received when on came 
the rushing water of the Kaw overflown from its banks in an endeavor to 
make a new channel right through Linwood itself. People, however, were 
not yet alarmed over the safety of their property and household effects 
and only a very few yet began to move to higher ground. The Kaw kept 
rising all that day and on until the next day. Some were fortunate enough 
to get their household effects on higher ground near the Linwood High 
School building and in the school yard before it was too late, but there 
were many who saw their household furniture and personal belongings, 
the accumulation of years, swept away in the whirling torrent and flood. 
Many frame houses were swept away in the newly made channel of the 
Kaw. Some were upturned and were not swept away. Water in places 
was 20 feet deep over what had been Linwood. The postoffice was com- 
pletely submerged. The Linwood State Bank and all business buildings 
were nearly all completely submerged by the water. Lumber from the 
Linwood Lumber Yard was caught in the channel and swept onward to- 
ward the Missouri never to be recovered. The whole city was caught in 
the main channel of the flood and ruin and devastation was inevitable. 

There was sadness and destruction on all sides. Families were ren- 
dered homeless in a day. Their personal effects were all destroyed in 
the same time. However, there were many humorous incidents. Many 
buildings from up the river came by in the rapidly flowing channel. In 
some buildings were pigs, calves, dogs, cats, chickens, geese and ducks. 
Occasionally one would see dogs on top of the buildings. 

There is no cloud so dark, however, that it does not have a silver 
lining. While the Kaw Valley potato crop for the fall of 1903 was ruined 
and many families were left homeless, nevertheless the rich deposits of 
alluvial soil greatly benefited the fanners of the valley by enriching their 
soil so that a larger yield per acre of potatoes is now obtained than ever 
was known before the flood. 

Killing of Malcolm Clark. — Among the more important incidents of 
early day Leavenworth County and City history recited by the late H. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 6Z& 

Miles Moore in his "Early History of Leavenworth City and County" was 
the shooting and killing of Malcolm Clark. 

Malcolm Clark was one of the earliest and most prominent settlers 
of the county. He was one of the members of the original town company 
and took an active interest in the welfare of the city. When the "Squat- 
ters" of the territory held their first meeting at the Riveley store in Salt 
Creek Valley, Clark was selected by them as marshal of Leavenworth 
city and territory thereabout. On April 30, 1855, a meeting was held in 
the city of Leavenworth for the purpose of arriving at some definite 
policy with reference to "Squatters," who were flocking into the territory 
and taking up claims in bad faith. The meeting was held in the open air 
under- the "old elm tree" which stood near the corner of Cherokee and 
Front or Water street. The killing of Clark took place in the following 
manner as described by H. Miles Moore in his "Early History of Leaven- 
worth City and County:" 

"Several speeches had been made and resolutions were being dis- 
cussed. The excitement was pretty high. Mr. Clark, who as I before 
stated was a member of the town association, a little passionate when his 
Scotch blood was aroused, was taking rather an active part in the meeting, 
as one deeply interested. Mr. McCrea, who was then residing in the coun- 
try, lately an inmate of the Soldiers' Home, as many of our readers are 
aware,- was reported to have interrupted the speaker once or twice, and 
it was suggested to Clark that McCrea was not a "Delaware Squatter," 
as his claim was on the cutoff back of Fort Leavenworth reserve, near 
the Salt Creek bridge (not far from where the D. W. Powers brick house 
now stands) and that he (McCrea) was not interested in the matter. 
Clark went to him and stated that he understood about his claim, and 
asked him to not again interfere in the meeting, explaining that it was a 
Delaware squatter meeting. Clark returned and stated that McCrea had 
not understood it before, but would not again interrupt or say anything. 
Shortly after the chairman was putting to a vote a resolution before the 
meeting, and as it was difficult to ascertain the result by sound a division 
was called for and it was upon this vote that McCrea took part and when 
the chair announced that the resolution was carried he (McCrea) pro- 
nounced the division a fraud. 

"To this Clark took exception, and the lie passed between him and 
McCrea. Clark advanced upon McCrea and stooped down to pick up a 
piece of board or scantling, and raised it to strike McCrea, who rushed 



326 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

toward Clark and the blow missed him. He then retreated and Clark 
pursued him and McCrea turned and shot him. He spoke but a word or 
two and died in five minutes. McCrea ran and jumped down the bank 
at the edge of the river. Several shots were fired at him while standing 
there without apparent effect. The excitement was intense, a rope was 
soon produced and he would doubtless have been hung by the excited 
crowd had it not been for the cool bravery of Samuel D. Pitcher, an old 
citizen of the territory at Fort Leavenworth and afterwards here, who 
suddenly appeared, mounted on horseback and another man with him, 
both heavily armed and ordered the driver of a government hack or 
ambulance, I think, to drive into the crowd, and then approaching McCrea, 
who was seated on a block near the tree, told him to get into the hack, 
which he did speedily with the assistance of some friends, and then 
ordered the driver to push for Fort Leavenworth as rapidly as possible 
while he and the man with drawn revolvers followed, their movements 
being so rapid that the crowd was completely thrown off its guard." 

McCrea was held in custody at Fort Leavenworth for several months 
and finally escaped. He did not come back to Kansas until after the Civil 
War. He was never prosecuted for the killing of Clark, although an 
indictment was found against him. He spent the latter part of his days 
at the Soldiers' Home south of the city, where he died. 

Lansing Skeleton. — Two brothers, Joseph and Michael Concannon, 
were digging a trench on their farm near Lansing and on March 23, 
1902, they unearthed a human skeleton. It was deeply imbedded under 
a stratum of earth and rock. During the summer Michael Concannon 
took the skull to Kansas City and gave the particulars of the find to a 
newspaper reporter. An article was written at the time and aroused the 
interests of the scientists all over the United States. From all parts of 
the country they came to the Concannon farm to look over the find. Some 
advanced the theory that the probable age was all the way from 10,000 
to 35,000 years. The residents of the neighborhood were somewhat skep- 
tical and gave it as their opinion that it was the remains of a convict 
from the State Penitentiary, who had been buried there, as the place had 
at one time been used as a cemetery and long since had been abandoned. 
However the discovery was of such importance that the skull now rests 
in the national museum at Washington, District of Columbia, and the most 
of the remainder of the skeleton is in the museum at the University of 
Kansas. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH' COUNTY . 327 

Big Stranger, Its Mills and Bridges. — Big Stranger enters Leaven- 
worth County just south of the town of Potter in Atchison County and 
runs thence in a southerly direction through Easton, Alexander, High 
Prairie, Stranger and Sherman townships and empties into the Kaw River 
just below Linwood. It was known far and wide as a good fishing stream. 
Along the valley are found some of the finest farms in the county. The 
valley early attracted settlers on account of timber along its banks and 
the rich soil adjoining. There are some twenty-two bridges spanning the 
stream. There are three covered bridges, one at Easton, one at Spring- 
dale and the other at Jarbalo. They were constructed about the year 1870 
and have proven substantial structures. They are in fine condition to this 
day. The county has long since ceased building wooden structures but it 
is doubtful if the steel structures of the present day will give as good 
service as the old covered bridges still in use on Big Stranger. 

There were several mills located on this stream that were widely 
known and patronized. In 1869 John J. Rapp built what was known as 
"The Stranger Valley Mills" at Milwood. This mill was built under the 
direction of Mike Lackner, who afterwards ran the Lackner saloon at 
the same place. It was a three story building of stone with three runs 
of burrs. It was operated by both water and steam power. A mill race 
was cut north of the mill to the banks of Stranger at the Collyer farm. 
Through this channel water flowed to run the mill and when there was 
not sufficient power this way then the mill was run by steam. A dam was 
erected across the creek just below where the steel bridge now stands 
east of the village of Milwood. For miles around people brought in their 
corn and wheat to have it ground while they waited. Usually the miller 
took his pay by means of toll and the farmer took the remainder and hauled 
it in a wagon or carried it on horseback. Mr. Rapp died in 1877 but the 
mill was run for many years afterwards by his widow and sons. One of 
the sons, George Rapp, still lives in the vicinity of Easton. The old stone 
building is all that is left of the once famous mill. 

John Wright owned a saw and grist mill just north of the covered 
bridge on Stranger east of Jarbalo between the years of 1856 and 1861. 
It was one of the busiest places in that section of the country. People 
for miles around brought in their corn to be ground and their logs to be 
sawed into planks for their cabins. The mill was located on the farm of 
Solomon Buxton, the father of Mrs. Sam Hastings, who now lives at 218 
Fourth Avenue, Leavenworth, Kansas. 



328 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The engine boiler exploded February 1, 1861, and killed eight people. 
A number of other people were wounded and the mill completely wrecked. 
John Wright, the owner, had just completed fixing a belt and was in the 
act of placing it in position when the explosion occurred. He was thrown 
about ten feet and landed among some logs but was not seriously hurt. 
Harrison Waymire and R. B. Richards were caught in the main belt and 
hurled quite a distance against a tree and seriously injured. The lifeless 
body of one man was almost completely stripped of its clothing. Others 
were torn into fragments, and pieces of skulls and brains, fragments of 
human flesh and parts of machinery were scattered for nearly half a mile 
around. The miller and engineer were killed and several prominent citi- 
zens. It was a ghastly sight to behold. It is believed that water was 
allowed to freeze in the boiler and loosen some of the flues, and when 
steam was raised the explosion occurred. 

Those killed were. A. W. Mason, Andred Calhoun, Henry Broderick, 
William Trackwell, James K. Black, Peter McKinney, Jesse Richards and 
George Ecton. Relatives of some of these men still live in the vicinity of 
Jarbalo. Years afterwards while woodmen were cutting down trees within 
a quarter of a mile of the place of the explosion a large piece of boiler 
plate fell down out of a tree. John Brune now owns the farm on which 
the tragedy happened. 

In the winter of 1879-1880 Thomas Ashby built a mill in Big Stranger 
two miles due east of Springdale. It was run by steam power. It was a 
saw and grist mill. It was well and favorably known. It was built in the 
midst of what was perhaps the finest white oak forest in Kansas. So thick 
were the trees that it was necessary to clear out some 15,000 feet of the 
timber before the mill could be erected. Mr. Ashby and his sons continued 
to run the mill till 1893, when he moved to Leavenworth, where he contin- 
ued in the milling business at a location between Tenth and Eleventh on 
Shawnee street. He moved his mill to the present location between Fifth 
and Sixth on Oak street in 1898 and is operating the grist mill there at 
the present time. The old mill on Stranger was taken over by E. J. Evans 
and run till 1912, when it was abandoned. A fire destroyed it in 1920. 

Henry Ready also owned and operated a mill on Big Stranger in 
Alexandria Township. It did a thriving business as a grist and saw mill. 

Mrs. E. Davis and Sons owned and operated a flouring mill on Big 
Stranger four miles southeast of Tonganoxie. It was run by water power 
and did a good business. They had an original capital of $10,00. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 329 

Abraham Lincoln arrived in Leavenworth December 3, 1859. He 
made two speeches here, one on the third and one on the fifth. The larg- 
est political gathering that had ever assembled in Kansas up to that time 
heard the Great Emancipator. His speech was substantially the same as 
that delivered at Cooper Institute, New York City, and is recognized as 
one of the ablest productions of any American statesman. On the 30th 
of January, 1861, Kansas was admitted as a free state and Abraham Lin- 
coln took part in raising the flag over Independence Hall with the added 
star of Kansas in the field. On this occasion Mr. Lincoln said: "I am 
invited and called before you to participate in raising above Independence 
Hall the flag of our country with an additional star upon it. I wish to 
call your attention to the fact that, under the blessing of God, each addi- 
tional star added to the flag has given additional prosperity and happiness 
to this country." While in Leavenworth Mr. Lincoln was a guest at the 
Planters Hotel. 

Suicide of James H. Lane. — The suicide of Gen. James H. Lane July 
11, 1866, at Fort Leavenworth stirred the State of Kansas. It is conceded 
that General Lane had his faults but without his vigorous arm and bold 
heart Kansas would have stood little chance of becoming a free state. He 
was United States Senator from Kansas at the time of his tragic death. 
He had secured a leave of absence from his arduous duties in Washington 
and returned to Kansas. He was in poor health and appeared greatly 
depressed in spirits but started to return to Washington. On reaching 
St. Louis his physicians expressed fear of his recovery and were of the 
opinion that he was threatened with softening of the brain. He returned 
to Fort Leavenworth and stopped with his brother-in-law, Captain McCall, 
on the government farm adjoining Leavenworth. Symptoms of insanity 
grew worse. On Sunday, July 1st, he expressed a desire to ride out and 
Captain McCall and Captain Adams accompanied him in a carriage. They 
stopped to open one of the farm gates and Lane jumped out and exclaimed 
"Goodbye, gentlemen," and discharged a revolver in his mouth, the ball 
passing upward through his brain. He was carried to a farm house and 
remained in an unconscious condition till July 11th, when he died. At 
one time he seemed to recover sufficiently to recognize friends and called 
them in a whisper. 

The abberation of mind was attributed to various causes, but little 
is definitely known. He supported the president's veto of the civil rights 
bill and for this his friends had deserted him. Threats had been made 



330 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

to expose his conduct in regard to government contracts in which he is 
alleged to have had a personal interest. 

Millwood Raid. — One of the most sensational armed raids to take 
place in the county after the passing of the days of border warfare oc- 
curred at the little village of Millwood, which is situated in the north 
central part of Easton Township, February 19, 1901. On that night the 
Lackner saloon at Millwood was raided by citizens who are said to have 
marched from Easton, a small village which is situated a short distance 
south of the scene of the tragedy. Two parties by the name of John Wil- 
burn and Joe Turner are said to have entered the saloon first and ordered 
a round of drinks. The other members of the raiding party remained 
outside. After finishing his drink Wilburn is alleged to have rapped three 
times upon the bar with his glass. This was apparently a signal to the 
members of the party outside, as they immediately crowded in. Two of 
the parties who entered the saloon first were carrying shotguns. One of 
the members of the Lackner family immediately seized the shotguns and 
in the scuffle that followed either one or both of the guns were discharged. 
Rose Hudson, one of the members of the Lackner family, happened at the 
instant to be entering the room a short distance away and the entire 
charge of shot from the gun struck her in the head, killing her instantly. 
With the discharge of the shotgun, the concussion extinguished all lights 
within the room. A fusilade of shots from the attacking party followed 
and was answered by members of the Lackner family and friends who 
happened to be there. William Webb, one of the members of the defend- 
ing party, was wounded twice in the affray. A number of the members 
of the raiding parties was wounded. It is reported that at least one of 
the raiding members never recovered from his wounds, but died some time 
later. It is an established fact that several of the most prominent citizens 
of the Easton community left shortly after this and never returned. 

The real purpose of the raid has for years been a matter of more or 
less speculation on the part of citizens living in those above mentioned 
communities. It occurred at a time when Carrie Nation was very active 
in the State of Kansas and some believe that the motive which animated 
the movement was that of suppressing the saloon evil. Others have con- 
tended that it was for the purpose of putting the owners in fear — possibly 
in flight and then plundering the stock of liquors on hand. The Lackner 
saloon, like many others, had been operating in violation of the Kansas 
prohibitory law for a number of years and was in bad repute. When four 
of the members of the raiding party were tried in the Leavenworth Dis- 
trict Court for the murder of Rose Lackner they were acquitted. 



CHAPTER XXI 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY 



Capt. John T. Taylor, who is recorder of the Military Order of Loyal 
Legion with office in Room 4, Wulfekuhler Building, and who is one of the 
best known men in Leavenworth, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, August 7, 
1841. He is the son of Col. W. H. H. Taylor, a native of Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, and who, when young, located in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he after- 
ward married Anna T. H. Harrison, a daughter of William Henry Har- 
rison, who later became the President of the United States. Colonel 
Taylor was state librarian of Minnesota for eighteen years, and died in 
office at St. Paul at the age of eighty years. He is buried in Minneapolis 
and his wife is buried in the home burying ground at North Bend, Ohio. 
She was fifty years of age at the time of her death. 

Colonel Taylor commanded the Fifth Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, during 
the Civil War. The regiment was organized at Camp Dick Corwin, Sep- 
tember, 1861. On March 1, 1861, the regiment left for Paducah, Kentucky, 
reporting to Brigadier General W. T. Sherman. The regiment was con- 
sidered one of the best cavalry regiments in the service from start to 
finish, as a partial list of the battles in which it bore a conspicuous part 
will show. They were as follows: Black Jack, Tennessee, sometimes re- 
ferred to as Black Jack Forest; Pittsburgh Landing; Crumps Landing; 
Shiloh; all in Tennessee; Metamora, Mississippi; Little Bear Creek, Mis- 
sissippi, Lexington, Tennessee and Davis Mills, Mississippi; Moscow, Ten- 
nessee; Hernando, Mississippi; Coldwater, Mississippi; Rockey Crossing. 
Mississippi ; Hernando, Mississippi ; Clear Creek, Alabama ; Guntown, Ala- 
bama ; Reenzi, Mississippi ; Lebanon, Alabama ; Red Oak, Georgia ; Jones- 
boro, Georgia; Rockey Creek Church, Georgia; Fayetteville, North Caro- 
lina and Averysboro, North Carolina. 

While stationed in Memphis, Tennessee, General Sherman appointed 




CAPT. JOH.V T. TAYLOR 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 333 

Colonel Taylor president of a military commission to try the traitors who 
were charged with ottenses against the rules of civilized war, and while 
the colonel was fair and just in all his rulings, he had no sympathy or 
patience with the treacherous and disloyal who came before him. 

Colonel Taylor's oldest son, W. H. H., Jr., responded to the first call 
of President Lincoln for three month troops, and he went immediately 
with his regiment to Washington. Shortly afterwards he was given a 
commission in the Eighteenth United States Regulars, in which he served, 
reaching the rank of captain. 

Capt. John T. Taylor was married to Amelia M. Wilson of Blooming- 
ton, Illinois, December 21, 1880. She is a daughter of Samuel and Mar- 
garet Wilson, natives of Illinois. Captain Taylor and wife reside at 710 
South Seventh Street, Leavenworth. 

During the Civil War, Captain Taylor was in the Battle of Shiloh and 
was within four feet of Major Anderson when he restored the flag staff 
to Ft. Sumter in 1865, which was restored by order of President Lincoln 
with elaborate ceremonies. When the flag rose above the parapet, hun- 
dreds of cannons roared a salute from Morris Island, Castle Pinckney and 
other forts. Thousands of people attended the ceremony. Captain Taylor 
served four years in the army. He has a sword which General William 
T. Sherman presented to him on September 15, 1862, at Memphis, Ten- 
nessee. 

Benjamin Harrison, great grandfather of Captain Taylor, was a signer 
of the Declaration of Independence, and ex-President William Henry Har- 
rison was the father of the mother of Captain John Taylor and ex-Presi- 
dent Benjamin Harrison was a son of the brother of Anna T. H. Taylor, 
the mother of Captain Taylor, so it can readily be seen that Captain Tay- 
lor comes from an illustrious family. 

The Military Order of the Loyal Legion, of which Captain Taylor is 
recorder, is confined to the commissioned officers of the Civil War, their 
sons and grandsons. The commandery of the state of Kansas was organ- 
ized in 1886 at Ft. Leavenworth. The present headquarters are in Phila- 
delphia and Col. John P. Nicholson has been its recorded in chief since the 
organiaztion. Only one commandery in a state is permitted. The member- 
ship of the Kansas Commandery is about 150 at present, and Captain Taylor 
has been its honored recorder since 1911. Captain Taylor has many old 
friends and is honored and revered in the city of Leavenworth. 



334 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Miss Lucy V. Hook, treasurer of Leavenworth County, is a daughter 
of Enos and Elizabeth (Inghram) Hook. Enos Hook was born in 1838 
in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, which was also the birthplace of his wife, 
Elizabeth (Inghram) Hook. Mr. and Mrs. Enos Hook came to Kansas 
shortly after their marriage. They were engaged in farming until they 
retired to live in Leavenworth, Kansas. Mr. Hook died October 8, 1910, 
and his wife in 1904. They are both buried in Mt. Muncie Cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. Enos Hook were the parents of seven children, as fol- 
lows: Cora, widow of H. Feagan, Kansas City, Missouri; W. C. Hook, 
judge of the Circuit Court of Leavenworth, Kansas; Elizabeth H., wife 
of F. Yohe, Leavenworth, Kansas ; Anna H., wife of Henry Helmers, Jr., 
Leavenworth; Lucy V., subject of this sketch; Edward E., in the oil busi- 
ness, Wichita, Kansas; Helen H., wife of Victor Cain, Leavenworth, 
Kansas. 

Miss Lucy Hook was educated in the Leavenworth public school and 
graduated in the class of 1899. For many years Miss Hook was employed 
as assistant treasurer and learned all the details and responsibilities of 
the work before she was honored by election, November 2, 1918, to the 
office of county treasurer. She is now serving her second term, to which 
she was elected without opposition. H. V. Reilly is deputy treasurer and 
during the rush season Miss Hook is assisted by two others. 

Miss Hook has endeared herself to her associates and is worthy of 
the high esteem in which the people of the county hold her. She was 
the first woman treasurer of Leavenworth County. 



Sherman Medill, the well known president of the State Savings Bank 
of Leavenworth, Kansas, is from a prominent pioneer family. He was 
born at Springdale, Leavenworth County, December 27, 1865, the son of 
James and Lydia A. (Redburn) Medill; his father was born in Steuben- 
ville, Ohio, in 1824, and his mother was born in Pennsylvania in 1839. 
She died in 1873 at the age of thirty-four years. 

James Medill came to Leavenworth County, Kansas, in 1857 and 
settled in High Prairie Township, and later bought land and moved to 
Alexandria Township in 1864. He was a large land holder and stockman, 
and, at one time, owned thirteen quarter sections of land near Effingham, 
Kansas. A few years before his death in 1894 he located in Leaven- 
worth. He and his wife are buried at Mt. Muncie Cemetery. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 335 

James Medill specialized in the breeding and raising of Shorthorn 
cattle and Poland-China hogs. Besides his large land and stock interests, 
he engaged extensively in loaning money and for safekeeping in prefer- 
ence to depositing with the banks, which showed the confidence and trust 
they placed in him. He was a public spirited man also and served his 
county as representative in the Legislature for four terms, and was rail- 
road assessor for two years. 

Sherman Medill was educated in the public schools and Lawrence 
Business College. After finishing his education, he engaged extensively 
in farming in Alexandria Township until 1906. He specialized in feed- 
ing and shipping stock. In 1899 he represented Leavenworth County in 
the State Legislature, and has always worked for the improvement and 
betterment of local conditions. He became connected with the State Sav- 
ings Bank from the start first as stockholder, then director, vice-presi- 
dent, and since 1912 has been president. Mr. Medill and his associates 
are capable financiers and have shown constructive ability and foresight, 
as the remarkable growth of the bank since 1912 will testify, as follows : 
The deposits August 31, 1912, were $105,778.26; August 31, 1913, $182,- 
643.46; August 30, 1914, $260,691.00; August 31, 1915, $303,750.25; Au- 
gust 31, 1916, $496,788.56; August 31, 1917, $648,432.29; August 31, 1918, 
$972,406.85; August 31, 1919, $1,081,375.07; August 28, 1920, $1, 
229,962.93. 

The State Savings Bank was organized in 1902 with a capital stock 
of $25,000.00 and its first officers were: A. A. Fenn, president; J. C. Stone, 
vice-president; E. A. Kelly, cashier; and F. D. Bolman and Arthur M. 
Jackson, directors. Its present officers are: Sherman Medill, president; 
F. M. Potter, first vice-president; John G. Barnes, second vice-president; 
O. J. Potter, cashier; W. J. Bransfield, assistant cashier; Laurayne Medill, 
assistant cashier; Frank Hines, assistant cashier; W. G. Leavel, W. T. 
Hines, John Schwalker, Jr., Dr. A. R. Adams and F. D. Webster, 
directors. 

June 4, 1890, Mr. Medill was married to Monica Morgan, who was a 
prominent teacher here before her marriage. She is a native of Leaven- 
worth and daughter of Capt. J. W. and Katherine (Keogh) Morgan. Her 
mother now lives in the old home where she has lived for sixty years at 
815 Cherokee Street. Capt. J. W. Morgan was a captain in the navy, 
plying first on the Great Lakes, then to the Mississippi, and he also had 
the distinction of once sailing around the world. He was of Scotch de- 



336 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

scent, born in Glasgow, and his wife was born in Dublin, Ireland, but of 
Welch and English extraction. Captain Morgan died in 1913 and is buried 
at Mt. Calvary Cemetery. He was a thirty-second degree Mason. 

Mr. and Mrs. Medill have three sons living and one deceased. They 
are as follows: First Lieutenant James Sherman Medill, who was born 
at Springdale, Kansas, September 4, 1893, and who was the youngest 
lawyer in Kansas when he passed the bar examination in 1915. He at- 
tended the public schools of Leavenworth, Ann Arbor, and finished his 
law course at Kansas City, Missouri. He was a member of the Phi Alpha 
Delta Fraternity. He practiced law for two years, when war was de- 
clared, and he went to the first officer's training camp at Fort Riley, Kan- 
sas, where he was admitted, and was the only Leavenworth boy that 
passed the regular army examinations at the close of the officer's training 
camp. He was attached to the 43d Infantry, sent to Fort Douglas, Utah, 
then to Camp Pike, Arkansas, was sent to Louisiana to guard the oil 
fields and later to New Orleans, to guard the piers and the gulf. He was 
then sent to Ft. Sill for special training, and was placed at the head of 
the gun division of the 43rd Infantry, and was also made judge advocate 
of the regiment, and two weeks prior to his death, March 12, 1919, he 
was made intelligence officer of his regiment. From New Orleans, he 
was sent to Ft. Logan, Texas, where he died. He is buried at Mt. Muncie 
Cemetery. He had a bright future and his early passing is to be re- 
gretted. The second son, Harold Medill, was born at Springdale, October 
17, 1895. He was educated in the grade and high schools and the State 
Agricultural College at Manhattan, Kansas, and has been admitted to the 
bar in Kansas and Missouri. During the late war he attended the officer's 
training camp and was made second lieutenant in the Reserves. He was 
sent to Deming, New Mexico, and from there to Ft. Sill, Oklahoma, and 
then to Camp Perry, on Lake Erie, for special instruction. He returned 
to Camp Fnnston and was sent twice to the coast with troops, and the 
third time overseas with the 816 Pioneer Infantry. He was in France 
for ten months, when he returned to Camp Funston, where he was mus- 
tered out. He is a member of the Phi Alpha Delta Fraternity. 

The third son, George Tabor, was born at Springdale, May 15, 1897. 
He received his education in the Leavenworth schools and Kansas Uni- 
versity, where he studied medicine. He is a member of the Alpha Tau 
Omega and Phi Beta Pi fraternities. He entered the United States service 
at Camp Funston and was made a corporal. He was ready for the offi- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 337 

cer's training camp when the war closed. He is now with the Stanton 
Construction Company, of Leavenworth. 

Thomas Laurayne is the fourth son of Mr. and Mrs. Medill and was 
born at Springdale, Kansas, July 18, 1900. He received his education in 
the Leavenworth grade and high schools, and was in the S. A. T. C. at 
Kansas University, and was made first sergeant. Prior to going to the 
university, he was captain of the Leavenworth High School Cadets. He 
is now assistant cashier of the State Savings Bank of Leavenworth, 
Kansas. 

Mrs. Medill is quite active in club work and well known in social 
circles, having a host of friends. She is now president of the First Con- 
gressional District of Woman's Federated Clubs, vice-president of the 
State of Kansas Woman's Auxiliary of the American Legion, and vice- 
president of the Kansas Order of the Gold Star, an organization of mothers 
who lost sons during the World War, a member of the Kansas State Board 
of Woman's Federated Clubs, president of the Byron H. Mehl Post, 
Woman's Auxiliary of the American Legion of Leavenworth, Kansas, is 
past regent of the Daughters of Isabella, past president of the Civic 
League, also Art League and Catholic Literaiy Society. Mrs. Medill is 
also a member of the Republican County Central Committee, and has the 
distinction of being the first woman from Leavenworth who attended a 
state Republican meeting. 

The Medill family is among the most substantial and enterprising 
families of Leavenworth. 



A. G. Dunnuck, president of the Dunnuck Manufacturing Company, 
of Leavenworth, Kansas, is an enterprising business man who is meeting 
with well merited success and conducts a thriving manufacturing plant. 

The Dunnuck Manufacturing Company was established in 1916 in 
Concordia, Kansas, and on September 1, 1917, it was moved to Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, where it is located at the corner of Shawnee and Main 
streets. This firm manufactures the inventions of its founder and presi- 
dent, Mr. Dunnuck. The different articles are a combination two, three 
and four horse wagon evener, a four and five horse plow evener, tractor 
hitches, second binder hitches, radiator screens for tractor and road sur- 
facing machines. 

A. G. Dunnuck was born in Fairbury, Nebraska, November 16, 186$ 

(18) 



338 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

a son of George F. and Eunice (Timmons) Dunnuck, both natives of In- 
diana. Eunice (Timmons) Dunnuck by a former marriage to John H. 
Crowell has one son, John Henry Crowell, who now lives in Indiana. Mrs. 
Dunnock died in 1880, when thirty-eight years of age. 

George F. Dunnuck was a veteran of the Civil War, serving through- 
out the last year of the war. He came to Kansas in 1866, stopping a 
short time in Washington County, Kansas, then he went on to Fairbury, 
Nebraska, locating on the ground that is now the townsite of Fairbury. 
In 1867, he returned to Kansas on account of the Indian scare. He lo- 
cated near Fort Sneadajohn, where he would receive its protection. He 
homesteaded land and built a log cabin; he hewing the shingles from the 
cottonwood trees growing along the Little Blue River. The blocks were 
boiled in water to remove the sap and make them pliable for cutting into 
shingles. This homestead was their home until 1901, when it was sold 
and a farm was purchased near the county seat in Washington County. 
He died in January, 1917, at Morrowville, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Dunnuck were the parents of eleven children, 
as follows: W. J., Washington, Kansas; S. K., deceased; George M., de- 
ceased; Franklin J., deceased; A. G., the subject of this review; Mrs. 
Margaret Smethers, deceased; Minnie L. Kemper, Washington, Kansas; 
E. A., Atchison, Kansas ; Mrs. Eunice V. Hide, Flagler, Colorado ; Harvey 
H., deceased; Nora M., deceased. 

A. G. Dunnuck was reared on his father's homestead in Washington 
County, Kansas, and attended school in the log cabin of his day. The 
means of transportation and labor was the sturdy oxen and Mr. Dunnuck 
mastered the art of driving ox teams. He handled four yoke of oxen 
hitched to a twenty-four inch breaking plow and turned the virgin soil. 
When he was twenty years of age he followed farming for himself, two 
years later engaged in the livery business at Oketo, Kansas. He then 
returned to Washington County and bought grain at a side track known 
as Spencer's Switch on his father's farm. Later, Mr. Dunnuck was em- 
ployed by the Dempster Mill Manufacturing Company of Beatrice, Ne- 
braska. He remained there for eight' years, commencing as a common 
laborer, promoted to foremanship and the last two years as traveling 
salesman. He left their employ in 1908 and took up a claim in western 
Kansas. While here he perfected some of his patents and began their 
manufacture in a blacksmith shop. He organized the Dunnuck Manu- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 339 

facturing Company and its business has increased year by year. So far 
they have been unable to supply the demand for their goods. 

A. G. Dunnuck was first married December 4, 1890, to Lillian 
Smethers, a daughter of Jonas and Mary Smethers. Mrs. Dunnuck died 
in Beatrice, Nebraska, December 10, 1905. To this union two daughters 
were born : Gladys L., wife of Joseph Dawes, of Thomas County, Kansas, 
and Bertha N., wife of A. M. Lukens, Melbourne, Florida. 

Mr. Dunnuck and Mrs. Alice McReynolds were united in marriage 
and they had two children born to them : Fern, at home, and Spencer A., 
who died at the age of eighteen months, and is buried at Stockton, Kansas. 
Mr. Dunnuck has a granddaughter, Bessie Lillian Dawes. Mrs. Alice 
(McReynolds) Dunnuck is the daughter of Spencer and Lydia Davis, na- 
tives of Iowa, whose home is near Moulton. 

In the many years of a busy life Mr. Dunnuck has also been engaged 
in the grocery and implement business. He is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows at Concordia, Kansas. 



0. J. Potter, cashier of the State Savings Bank of Leavenworth, Leav- 
enworth, Kansas, is a native Kansan. He was born January 13, 1875, at 
Potter, Kansas, on his father's farm in Walnut Township, Atchison 
County, Kansas. He is a son of Moses and Mary (Womach) Potter, the 
former a native of Kentucky, who, with his brother, Joseph Potter, settled 
joined and the brothers were intimately associated in their work during 
in Walnut Township, Atchison County, Kansas, in 1856. Their farms 
their long and useful lives. During the Mexican War, they enlisted from 
Fort Leavenworth and crossed the plains to Santa Fe, New Mexico, on 
the old trail. The town of Potter, Kansas, was named in honor of these 
brothers. Moses Potter died in 1902 and was buried on the Womach 
farm. Joseph Potter, was born in 1819 and died in 1912, aged ninety- 
three years and six months. 

Mrs. Mary (Womach) Potter was the daughter of Abraham Womach, 
who was one of the earliest settlers of Atchison County. He came from 
Buchanan County, Missouri. Mrs. Mary Potter died in 1913 and was 
buried by the side of the remains of her husband. 

Mr. and Mrs. Moses Potter were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Thomas, deceased; Tinsley, of Atchison County, Kansas, formerly 
lived at Leavenworth, now deceased — see history; Marcillious, deceased; 



340 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Belle, wife of Milton Hebbard, Alaska; Newmarious, deceased; Frances 
Marion, deceased; Martha, deceased; Bela, of Easton, Kansas; Melissa, 
wife of William B. Mitchell, of California; Vienna, married James M. 
Logue, cashier of the Lansing Bank, Lansing, Kansas; Mollie, wife of 
James Robertson, Springfield, Missouri; 0. J., the subject of this sketch; 
Flora, wife of Simeon Horn, College Grove, Oregon. 

O. J. Potter was educated in the public schools of Leavenworth 
County, Kansas. He then attended the Campbell University at Holton, 
Kansas, and the Stanberry, Missouri, College. This school building burn- 
ing he went to the State Normal School at Warrensburg, Missouri. Fin- 
ishing his course at this institution, he taught school in Leavenworth 
County for eight years. When J. M. Gilman was superintendent of public 
instruction, Mr. Potter was on the board of examiners for teachers and 
held this position when he gave up the teaching profession. For two 
years Mr. 0. J. Potter was in the lumber business with 0. P. Lambert, 
when he accepted the position of cashier of the Easton State Bank, which 
position he held for fifteen years, and resigned to accept the position as 
cashier of the State Savings Bank. 

0. J. Potter was married August 24, 1898, to Norah Hawes, of Stan- 
berry, Missouri. She died October 21, 1918, leaving one daughter, Letha. 
He was married the second time, March 3, 1921, to Grace Jane Fisher, 
who is at the present time clerk of the District Court of this county. 

Mr. Potter is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
Scottish Rite, Shriners and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 



The Easton State Bank, Easton, Kansas, was organized in August, 
1902, with $5,000 capital. It had the following officers : William T. Hines, 
president; R. Mayer, vice-president; F. M. Seward, cashier; John Nieman, 
Dr. W. A. Adams, Thomas J. Hennessey, Samuel Watson, Henry Holt- 
meyer and Samuel Hulett, directors. 0. J. Potter became cashier of this 
bank January 1, 1906 and was in that position until October 1, 1920, when 
he accepted his present position as cashier of the State Savings Bank of 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 

The present officers of the Easton State Bank are as follows: R. 
Mayer, president; W. T. Hines, vice-president; R. W. Stafford, cashier; 
directors, C. W. Corson, T. J. Hennessey, Samuel Watson, Henry Holt- 
meyer, Dr. A. R. Adams and O. J. Potter. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 341 

The Easton State Bank started with a $5,000 capital, which has been 
increased to $30,000. Its deposits at the time of Mr. Potter's resignation 
were $250,000. 



Thomas J. Brown, the manager of the Hippodrome of Leavenworth, 
Kansas, is a well known business man and very successful in his present 
line of work. The Hippodrome Theater, with Thomas J. Brown and 
Frank J. Warren as owners, has a reputation of giving clean, high cla^s 
pictures. This theater is located at 526-528 Delaware Street. 

Thomas J. Brown was born October 30,. 1870, in Platte County, Mis- 
souri, son of Felix C. and Jincy A. (Bleakley) Brown. They are both 
natives of Platte County, Missouri, and make their home in Leavenworth, 
Kansas, where Mr. Felix C. Brown, since 1883, has conducted a hospital 
for the insane and elderly people. 

Mr. Felix C. Brown is the son of Gideon A. Brown, who came from 
North Carolina and Tennessee to Platte County, Missouri, about 1840. 
He settled on a farm, where he tilled the soil until his death in 1856. 
Mrs. Felix C. Brown is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Felix Bleakley, who 
were pioneers of Platte County, Missouri. They came from Tennessee 
in 1840. They are both deceased. Felix C. Brown was in the Confeder- 
ate Army under "Fighting Joe Shelby" during the entire Civil War. He, 
with his son, L. F. Brown, conduct the business of the Elmwood Hospital, 
which Mr. Brown opened in the early eighties. Despite his seventy-seven 
years he is still active in the management of its affairs. This institution 
has been instrumental in relieving many a hopeless insane and caring 
for many other helpless people. 

Mr. and Mrs. Felix C. Brown are the parents of eight children, all 
residing at Leavenworth, Kansas, as follows: Thomas J., the subject of 
this sketch ; L. F, with his father at Elmwood Hospital ; Gideon A., super- 
intendent at the Leavenworth County Hospital; J. C, engaged in the 
mercantile business at Twelfth and Spruce streets; James E.; E. Kirby, 
in business at 619 Cherokee street; Cora, wife of Arthur Laird; Maude, 
wife of C. H. Masterson, of the Leavenworth Motor Company. 

Thomas J. Brown was educated in the public schools of Leavenworth 
and also attended the Central Business College, now known as the Leaven- 
worth Commercial Training School. He then attended Professor Skel- 
ton's School of Telegraphy at Salina, Kansas. The next four years were 



342 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

spent in the employ of the Burlington Railroad as telegraph operator and 
station agent. He was then in the dairy business with his brother, L. F. 
Brown, in Leavenworth, for two years. In 1898 he was appointed deputy 
sheriff under Peter Everhardy, serving under him for five years, then 
for four years he served under Sheriff Stance Meyers. He was then elected 
to the office of sheriff in 1907 and was re-elected in 1909, and at the expira- 
tion of this term he acted as deputy sheriff under Thomas Larkin. 

In February, 1915, Mr. Brown bought an interest in the Hippodrome 
from Frank J. Warren, who continued as his partner. They have two 
shows every afternoon and evening of the week with the exception of 
Saturdays and Sundays, when the show is continuous. 

Thomas J. Brown was married to Anna K. Taschetta, April 17, 1899. 
She is the daughter of Peter Taschetta and wife, both of whom are de- 
ceased. Mrs. Brown was bom in Leavenworth, Kansas. Two children 
have been born to this union, Felix P., a graduate of the Leavenworth 
High School, and Thomas J., Jr., a junior in the Leavenworth High School. 

Mr. Brown, through his many years of residence and public life, has 
many friends and loyal supporters. 



Mrs. Grace J, Fisher Potter, the capable clerk of the District Court 
of Leavenworth County, Kansas, is a native of this county and a daugh- 
ter of George A. and Anna B. (Klaus) Fisher, pioneers of Leavenworth 
County. Mr. George A. Fisher and his wife, Anna (Klaus) Fisher, were 
born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and were married in 1862 and immedi- 
ately after their marriage left the paternal roof and went to Dakota, but 
as they were not pleased with the outlook of a home in this state they 
came to Leavenworth County, Kansas, and established their home. They 
celebrated their golden wedding in 1912. Mr. Fisher died January 2, 
1914, and was buried in Mt. Muncie Cemetery. Mrs. Anna Fisher lives 
at 1018 South Third street, Leavenworth. 

George Fisher was a mechanical engineer and established the Fisher 
Machine Works. In this business Mr. Fisher earned a reputation of hon- 
esty and great business ability. This business was founded on the needs 
of a country newly opened to business and the need for ice machines and 
refrigerators was met by the Fisher Machine Works. For thirty years 
Mr. Fisher labored to build up a business and it stands high in industrial 
ranks in Kansas today. His sons, George H., Arthur J. and Richard W., 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 343 

are now the owners of the machine works and conducting the business 
with the same business acumen as their father. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Fisher were the parents of fourteen children, 
three of whom died in infancy: Walter A., died at the age of twenty- 
three years; Dora, died in 1907, and Harry G., died in 1914. The follow- 
ing children are living: Mrs. Emma E. Gist; Mrs. Minnie C. Biddle; George 
H. ; Arthur J. ; Ernest F. ; Mrs. Grace J. Potter, of this sketch ; Clara F., 
a nurse who served with the Red Cross one year in France and is now 
at the Research Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, and Richard W. 

Mrs. Grace J. Potter was reared in Leavenworth and attended the 
public schools. She was employed by the "Kansas City Star" for a year 
and a half and after severing her connections with this newspaper she 
was employed by the Bell Telephone Company. In the fall of 1914, Mrs. 
Potter was elected clerk of the District Court of Leavenworth County 
and has filled the position so capably that she was re-elected in 1916 and 
1920 without opposition. She has won many friends during her term of 
office and is always courteous and efficient. She was married March 3, 
1921, to Mr. O. J. Potter. Mrs. Potter is secretary and treasurer of the 
Woman's Auxiliary to the American Legion and is a member of the 
Business Women's Club. She is also an active member of the Order of 
the Eastern Star. 



Henry C. Arring, of the Arring Cigar Company, is a native of Leav- 
enworth, Kansas, born March 11, 1887. He is the son of August and 
Mary (Hokaup) Arring, of Leavenworth, the former a native of Germany 
and the latter a daughter of Henry Hokaup, an early pioneer tailor, who 
located in Leavenworth when the Indians were here. Among Mary 
Hokaup's childhood remembrances were the Indians, with whom she 
played. When Henry Hokaup first came to Leavenworth, there was little 
or no tailoring to do, and so he cut wood for fifty cents per day for a 
livelihood. Henry Hokaup is buried at Mt. Muncie cemetery. 

The Arring children are: Henry C, the subject of this sketch; Carl, 
who is with his father in a bakery at 606 South Fifth street; Henrietta, 
the wife of Edward L. Mason, of Armourdale, Kansas ; Alma, the wife of 
Anthony Jellinek, of Leavenworth; Mary Belle, a clerk in her father's 
store. 

Henry C. Arring was educated in the Leavenworth, Kansas, schools 



344 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

and also attended the Leavenworth Business College, and then entered 
the business that he is engaged in at present. The Airing Cigar Company 
is located at 325 Delaware street and was established by Henry C. Arring 
on South Fifth street, February, 1917, and later moved to 208 South 
Fourth street, where he sold out his business. He again established it 
at its present location. The building is 20x100 feet, and, in addition to 
handling cigars, tobacco and candy, Mr. Arring operates a billiard parlor 
with five tables. This is one of the most popular places in the city. He 
has all modern, up-to-date fixtures, and his place of business is kept 
clean and inviting. 

Henry C. Arring was married in 1910 to Albertha Schuller, who is 
deceased. They had one son, Henry. Mr. Arring again married in 1920 
to Mrs. Mabel E. Thomas, of Leavenworth, a daughter of Harry and 
Margaret Schmidt. Mrs. Arring has a daughter by her first marriage, 
Dorothy. 

Mr. and Mrs. Arring reside at 510 Chestnut street. Mr. Arring is 
a young and prosperous business man. He is building an excellent busi- 
ness in his new location. 



Cassius M. Barnes, governor of Oklahoma from 1897 to 1901, now 
manager of the Postal Telegraph Cable Company of Leavenworth, Kansas, 
which position he has very capably filled for the past three years, was born 
in Livingston County, New York, August 25, 1845. He is the son of 
Henry H. and Samantha (Boyd) Barnes, the former a native of New York, 
and the latter of Massachusetts. Henry H. Barnes was a farmer and mer- 
chant. He and his wife were living in Calhoun County, Michigan, at the 
time of their death. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Barnes were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: D. H., now deceased, who served in the Quartermaster Corps dur- 
ing the Civil War; Major Lucien J., who was Assistant Adjutant General 
in the Union Army during the Civil War, and who is also deceased ; Cas- 
sius M., the subject of this review; Julius A., who lives in Duluth, Minne- 
sota, and Miss Mary L. Barnes, of O'Fallon, Illinois. 

Cassius M. Barnes was educated in the public schools and Wesleyan 
Seminary at Albion, Michigan. In 1861 he enlisted at Battle Creek, Mich- 
igan, in the Battle Creek Engineers, an independent company, which 
served under John C. Fremont in Missouri for 105 days, and was mus- 




C. M. P.AKNKS 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 345 

tered out by reason of the organization of the United States Signal Corps, 
and, during the remainder of the war, he served as military telegrapher, 
and clerk in the Quartermaster department. 

About the year 1857 the Western Union Telegraph Company was 
extended from St. Louis via Jefferson City, Lexington and Independence, 
Missouri over a country road to Leavenworth, Kansas, and Mr. Barnes 
came with Mr. Clowry, who was superintendent of the western division, 
to Leavenworth and opened up the first telegraph office at that place, near 
the Planters Hotel. Owing to ill health, Mr. Barnes returned to Michigan 
and later went to Galena, Illinois, and then to St. Louis and was engaged 
in telegraph service and accompanied General Lyon on his trip to South- 
western Missouri as telegrapher and private secretary, and was at the 
Battle of Wilson Creek, where General Lyon was killed. Mr. Barnes 
afterward went to St. Louis on military telegraphic service and was at- 
tached to General Grant's Headquarters, also General Sherman's Head- 
quarters in Tennessee, returning to St. Louis at General Holleck's Head- 
quarters. From there he went to Little Rock, Arkansas, to settle up the 
Quartermaster business with various military organizations that had gone 
south under General Reynolds. 

Cassius M. Barnes was married in 1868 at Little Rock, Arkansas, to 
Mary E. Bartlett, a daughter of Judge Liberty Bartlett. Mrs. Barnes died 
in 1908 at Guthrie, Oklahoma, and Mr. Barnes, in 1910, married Rebecca 
Forney, a native of Tennessee. By his first marriage, Mr. Barnes had 
the following children: Cassius Bartlett, a retired commander in the 
United States Navy, and a broker in New York at present ; Henry Cooper, 
a Colonel in the United States Coast Artillery at Washington, D. C. ; Eliza 
Louise, wife of Carl R. Havighorst, of Spokane, Washington. 

Cassius Barnes served eight years as chief deputy United States mar- 
shal at Ft. Smith, Arkansas, and intelligently discharged the duties of that 
office. He went to Oklahoma in April, 1889, and was receiver of the United 
States land office at Guthrie, having been appointed by President Harrison. 
While performing the duties of this position, he took a leading part 
in the organization of the territory, then known as Indian Territory. He 
served in the Third and Fourth Legislative Assembly as representative 
from the Guthrie District, and was speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives in the Third Legislative Assembly. Because of the work he had 
done, he was honored by President McKinley who appointed him governor 
of the Territory, in 1897, and served in that capacity for four years. After 



346 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

retiring as governor, he organized the Logan County Bank at Guthrie, 
and was its president for several years. He was also mayor of Guthrie 
three terms. Mr. Barnes spent two winters in Washington in an endeavor 
to get the Statehood Bill passed, and this bill was passed in 1906. He also 
spent one winter in Albuquerque, New Mexico, returning to Oklahoma. 
He moved to Emporia, Kansas, in 1914, and to Leavenworth in 1917, where 
he has purchased a home and intends to live the remainder of his life. He 
resides at 212 Second Avenue. 

Although Mr. Barnes is seventy-five years of age, he is very active. 
He has lived a long and useful life and still exercises the vim that he 
possessed in the early days. Mr. Barnes has a keen memory and recalls 
many incidents of pioneer days of Leavenworth. The wonderful change 
of this city is appreciated by him more than by those who have not seen 
both pioneer and modern Leavenworth. He has an extensive acquaintance 
and many friends, not only in Leavenworth but throughout the state and 
country. 

Mr. Barnes' grandson, Capt. Harry Cooper Barnes, served very notably 
in the World War and was wounded at Argonne Forest. He received the 
Distinguished Service medal for bravery. He is now in the United States 
Army. Captain Barnes' father also served about two years in France. 
He is now a colonel in the Coast Artillery, and also received a medal for 
distinguished service. The Barnes family have won many honors, both 
in military and private life. 



F. M. Potter, vice-president of the State Savings Bank of Leaven- 
worth, has been an official of this bank since October, 1913. He is a 
native Kansan and has been identified with the line of stock buying for 
many years. 

F. M. Potter succeeded T. M. Mains as cashier of the State Savings 
Bank and retained this position until he was promoted to the vice-presi- 
dency. Mr. 0. J. Potter succeeded him as cashier October 1, 1920. The 
bank has been a growing institution under the able hand of Mr. Potter. 
The deposits in October, 1913, were $105,777.26 and in August, 1920, they 
had increased to $1,229,962.93. 

F. M. Potter was born September 14, 1883, on the home farm in 
Walnut Township, Atchison County, Kansas. He is the only child and 
son of Tinsley and Fannie (Faulconer) Potter. Tinsley Potter was born 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 347 

in 1851 in Buchanan County, Missouri, and in 1856 came to Kansas with 
his parents. They settled in Walnut Township, Atchison County. His 
wife Fannie (Faulconer) Potter was born in Missouri the daughter of 
John M. and Lorinda Faulconer. They came to Atchison County, Kansas, 
when their daughter was three years old They were among the early 
settlers and farmers of that locality. Tinsley Potter died April 15, 1921. 
The following is from a local newspaper at the time of his death: "The 
late Tinsley Potter, of Potter, was one of the most widely known cattle- 
men of this section. He began buying cattle in the early days when this 
county was an unfenced range and continued in the business until recently. 
It is doubtful if any man in Atchison County has handled more cattle 
than Tinsley Potter. He was in the saddle most of his life and in point 
of service he might be termed Atchison County's oldest 'cowboy.' He 
preferred horseback riding to any other method of travel, even after the 
automobile came in use, and made most of his buying trips on horseback. 
Of course, in rounding up and driving in the herd, the horse was essential, 
and Mr. Potter was as expert in horsemanship and herding as any cowboy 
on the job. In his big cattle deals he has ridden over much of the terri- 
tory in northeastern Kansas, and on many of his trips would be away 
from home for several days at a time, often exposing himself to the se- 
vere weather. As a cattleman Mr. Potter was very successful. Several 
years ago he retired, and moved to the city, but his long years as a cattle 
buyer had so inured him in the love of the great outdoors, that it was no 
time until it was back to the farm and in the saddle for him. Tinsley 
Potter was descended from a long line of pioneers who helped to conquer 
the wilderness and build an empire on the western continent, and he was 
imbued with the same sturdy qualities that characterized his ancestors. 
He did much for the development of the community in which he lived for 
sixty-five years. He was a good, substantial citizen and will be missed by 
a wide circle of friends." 

F. M. Potter was educated in the public schools and the Campbell 
College at Holton, Kansas. After leaving school he taught two years in 
the rural schools. He then associated himself with his father, Tinsley 
Potter, in the stock buying business until he accepted the position as 
cashier of the State Savings Bank in 1920. 

In 1912 F. M. Potter and Miss Alice Ingles were united in marriage. 
She is a daughter of J. K. and Lina (Dooley) Ingles, the former deceased 
and the latter living at Atchison, Kansas. J. K. Ingles was an early 



348 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

settler and farmer of Brown County, Kansas, and spent his latter days 
in Atchison County. His death occurred in December, 1919, at the ad- 
vanced age of seventy years. Mrs. Alice (Ingles) Potter was born in 
Atchison County, Kansas. 

F. M. Potter was only nine years old when he first helped to drive 
cattle into the Broadway Stock Yards at Leavenworth. His father, Tins- 
ley Potter, was an extensive stockbuyer and his trips on "Old Roaney," 
his favorite riding horse, would take him as far west as Concordia, Kan- 
sas. This horse was as well known as its rider to the farmers of the 
prairie. Tinsley Potter and his son, F. M., have the reputation of hav- 
ing driven more cattle in the Broadway Stock Yards of Leavenworth than 
any other firm of buyers in this part of the country. They would drive 
large herds in each week for months at a time. These buying trips were 
extended over many months, requiring many days and weeks in the 
saddle constantly. 

Before bank checks were used, Tinsley Potter would carry his money 
in the saddle bags in large rolls, often going long distances with a large 
sum of money, with never a fear of being robbed. 



Herbert L. Justus, well known and successful photographer located 
on the fourth floor of the Wulfekuhler Bank Building, is a native Kansan. 
He was born August 6, 1882, at Minneapolis, Kansas, the son of George 
H. and Jennie S. (Sutton) Justus. The former died at Minneapolis, Kan- 
sas, in 1913, and the latter now lives at Charlevoix, Michigan. 

George H. Justus was born in Erie, New York, and came to Kansas 
in the fifties. He was a boot and shoemaker and followed his trade at 
Junction City, Kansas. While there he made a pair of boots for the 
famous Col. W. J. Cody and other well known plainsmen. Mr. and Mrs. 
George Justus had two children, as follows: Ethel, wife of 0. D. Lott, 
Minneapolis, Kansas; and Herbert L., the subject of this review. 

Herbert L. Justus was educated in the public schools of Minneapolis 
and attended the high school for two years. He began the study of 
photography in 1897 and continued his work until he enlisted from Fort 
Scott, Kansas, in 1901. He was placed in Company D, Twenty-eighth 
Regular Infantry, and for two years and two months was stationed in 
the Philippines. When he was discharged at Fort Scott he held the rank 
of quartermaster sergeant. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 349 

After his discharge from the army, Mr. Justus again took up his work 
in photography. He was then employed in a studio in San Francisco, 
California, for one year. He was at Minneapolis, Kansas, for a short 
time and spent six years at Emporia, Kansas. At the latter place he did 
photographic work for William Allen White and Walt Mason. In 1915 
Herbert Justus purchased the P. H. Bauers Studio at Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas. This studio consists of five rooms, equipped with the finest and most 
modern appliances of any studio in the state. The scope of the business 
reaches far beyond the confines of the county. 

December 9, 1907, Herbert L. Justus and Verna Hartzell DeVinny 
were united in marriage. She is a daughter of William and Annette Hol- 
comb, of Lincoln, Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. Justus have one daughter, Eva 
Jeannette. 

Mr. Justus is a Knights Templar Mason and a Shriner, also a mem- 
ber of the Rotary Club, in which he takes an active part. 



Charles D. Townsend, manager of the Lyceum Moving Picture Show 
for the C. F. Mensing Amusement Company, was born in Georgetown, 
Virginia, December 15, 1883. 

He is the son of T. T. and Margaret Townsend, the former being 
dead. Mrs. Townsend later married A. L. Foster and lives at Scott, Ohio. 

Charles D. Townsend was educated in the public schools of Ohio. He 
left home at the age of thirteen years and made his way until seventeen 
years of age, when he entered the United States Army, January 31, 1900. 
He was sent to the Philippine Islands with Company M, Thirtieth Infantry, 
and later he was with Company M, Eighteenth Infantry, and Company I, 
Engineers. Mr. Townsend was in the Philippine service three years and 
ten months, during which time he went around the world. He was serv- 
ing his fourth enlistment when discharged, December 4, 1909. He wanted 
to enlist in the late World War, but, on account of his excess weight, he 
was prevented from doing so. 

Shortly after leaving the army Mr. Townsend located at Leaven- 
worth, and was employed as operator of a moving picture show by Ed 
Lampson, the first successful show in the town. The Lyceum, of which 
he has been manager since 1914, is one of the most popular show houses 
of the city, and has a seating capacity of 796. He has a thorough knowl- 
edge of the picture show business, which, together with his energetic 
disposition, has made him very successful. 



350 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Mr. Townsend was married June 17, 1913, to Mabel Fewing, a daugh- 
ter of Mrs. Emma Fewing, of Leavenworth, Kansas. Mrs. Fewing was 
born in Atchison, Kansas. 

Two children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Townsend: Charles D., Jr., 
born on his father's birthday, December 15, 1914, and Margaret Emma. 
The family reside at 314 Main street. 



John G. Barnes, an efficient and enterprising contractor of Fourth 
and Walnut streets, Leavenworth, Kansas, was born at Mt. Union, Penn- 
sylvania, May 17, 1870, a son of Joseph and Anna (Graham) Barnes, who 
came to Leavenworth in 1870, Mr. Barnes dying in 1872. Mrs. Barnes 
now resides with her daughter, Mrs. Frank Bott, in Oklahoma. Mr. and 
Mrs. Barnes were the parents of five children: Robert Barnes, a stove 
molder who died at Hannibal, Missouri, in 1920; Joseph and William, 
farmers of Lawton, Oklahoma; Jennie, wife of Frank Bott, of Lawton, 
Oklahoma; and John Gay ton Barnes, the subject of this sketch. 

John G. Barnes was educated in the public schools of Leavenworth, 
Kansas, and learned his trade as a contractor and builder in Kansas City, 
Missouri, with John L. Smith, and for a number of years followed his 
trade in Louisiana. He was superintendent of the Leavenworth Oil 
Works from 1892 to 1896, and at the age of twenty-eight years began 
contracting. He has constructed the Signal Corps Barracks at Fort Leav- 
enworth; Hospital Power Plant, Quartermaster Store, Quartermaster 
Shops, Engineer Shops, Engineers' Barracks and kitchens, forty-six of 
the Signal Corps Cantonment buildings, which, by the way, were built in 
forty-five days in 1917. He put in seventy-four officers' apartments in 
the Barracks buildings in 1919, and built the thirteen buildings at the 
Disciplinary Barracks, which were constructed to be used as detention 
barracks for conscientious objectors. He has done work at Fort Russell 
and built numerous buildings around the city of Leavenworth, among 
them being the plant for the Schalker Packing Company, Evans' Garage, 
L. Wulfekuhler residence, 0. P. Lambert residence, The Leavenworth 
Motor Company building (in 1918) which he owns. This building is 
96x120 feet, three stories, and of concrete construction and is considered 
one of the best in the state. Mr. Barnes has also worked on or remodeled 
many of the buildings in Fort Leavenworth, and has done much con- 
struction work at the National Military Home south of Leavenworth. Mr. 
Barnes is considered one of the best contractors in the state. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 351 

He was married in 1906 to Jessie Forbes, and maintained his resi- 
dence on the old homestead, south of the city. Mrs. Barnes died October 
1, 1910. One son, John Gayton Barnes, Jr., was born to them, April 1, 1910. 

Mr. Barnes was again married October 14, 1916, to Hazel Shoemaker, 
of Leavenworth, a daughter of William and Annie D. Shoemaker, the 
former with the Samuel Dodsworth Book Company during his lifetime. 
He and his wife are now deceased. Hazel Elizabeth, born February 8, 
1918, and Charlotte Jane, born January 10, 1920, are daughters, and the 
family resides at Fourth and Walnut streets, Leavenworth, Kansas, and 
are among the city's most substantial citizens. 

Mr. Barnes is a director and an active member of the Leavenworth 
Chamber of Commerce, a member of the A. F. & A. M. Blue Lodge, a 
member of Abdallah Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., and a member of the 
building committee of the Abdallah Shrine. He is a director and vice- 
president of the State Savings Bank, and is now in charge of the remodel- 
ing of their new home at the northeast corner of Fifth avenue and Dela- 
ware street. He was one of the organizers of the Leavenworth Motor 
Company, and is its president. 

Mr. Barnes has done a vast amount of constructing and building, 
and is one of the most prominent men in his line of work in the state. 



Charles Edward Curtin, a native of Leavenworth, Kansas, is a well 
known and successful mechanic, and is the vice-president of the Leaven- 
worth Motor Company. He was born in Leavenworth, Kansas, May 27, 
1886, and is the son of Charles and Catherine (Cronin) Curtin, both of 
whom live at 720 Kiowa street, Leavenworth. Charles Curtin was born 
in County Cork, in 1860, and his wife was born in Baltimore, Maryland. 
They were married at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1882, and the fol- 
lowing children were born to them : Josephine, the wife of D. E. Connole, 
of Kansas City, Missouri ; May, wife of Dr. J. W. Risdon, of Leavenworth ; 
Charles Edward, the subject of this sketch, and William Thomas, of 716 
Kiowa street, Leavenworth. Mr. Curtin is an engineer on the Union 
Pacific railroad. 

Charles Edward Curtin was educated at the Cathedral School of 
Leavenworth, and was graduated in 1903. He then took a course in the 
Leavenworth Business College under Professor Leach, after which he was 
with the Fisher Machine Works for four years, completing his apprentice- 



352 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

ship as mechanic in 1907. He was with the Great Western Manufactur- 
ing Company for two years, and with the Hesse Motor Car Company of 
Leavenworth for ten years. He has been associated with the Leaven- 
worth Motor Company since its organization in June, 1918, and due to his 
consideration and courtesy and ability as mechanic, has materially as- 
sisted in increasing the trade from year to year. 

Mr. Curtin was married in 1910 to Mary Michalak, a daughter of' 
Frank and Barbara (Swanak) Michalak, the latter being dead and the 
former living in Leavenworth. Mr. Curtin is a member of the Knights 
of Columbus and is one of Leavenworth's most substantial citizens. 



Ira N. Chapman is the prominent and efficient county agricultural 
agent of Leavenworth County. He was born in Rockford, Illinois, August 
10, 1877, the son of S. H. and Abigail (Higgins) Chapman. His father 
was a veteran of the Civil War, belonging to the Second New York Volun- 
teer Cavalry. After the war, he engaged in farming and died in 1906 at 
Milford, Kansas. Abigail Chapman is a native of Pennsylvania and is 
now living at Milford. 

Ira N. Chapman reecived his preliminary education in the common 
schools of Kansas. He then attended the State Normal School at Emporia, 
Kansas, for two and one-half years. He finished his education at the 
State Agricultural College, graduating in 1916, having entered this school 
in 1914. In the summer of 1916 he was with the farm management de- 
partment as assistant farm management demonstrator, and in September, 
1916, he came to Leavenworth as county agent. 

Mr. Chapman was married June, 1906 to Florence Edelblute of Keats, 
Kansas, a daughter of Henry and Sarah (Knapp) Edelblute, the latter 
deceased. Her father lives at Manhattan, Kansas. They were among the 
first settlers of Wild Cat Valley, Riley County, Kansas. 

During Mr. Chapman's few years as county agent, a number of ac- 
complishments have been made. He organized seventeen canning clubs 
in the county in 1917 and was instrumental in organizing ten clubs, be- 
sides, in the city. At the close of 1917 two assistants were employed, but 
one has been discontinued since the war closed. 

The live stock work has been a leading feature, five Pure Bred Hol- 
stein Calf Clubs and three Pure Bred Shorthorn Calf and Cow Clubs hav- 
ing been formed. Mr. Chapman has also been the means of starting pure 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 353 

bred sales in the county, which are doing a great deal toward the advance- 
ment of pure breeding. Mr. Chapman was instrumental in assisting in 
the organization of the Missouri and Kansas Dairy Producers' Association 
in 1917 at Lansing, Kansas, with a membership of forty-three. This 
county now has seven locals and the organization has spread in eastern 
Kansas and western Missouri until the present membership is 1,200, with 
a capitalization of $200,000.00. The company operates a plant in Kansas 
City, Missouri, which was purchased from Morrison and Company for 
$146,000.00. 

In addition to these outstanding features, there has been a continu- 
ous line of work in progress in livestock improvement, soil testing, disease 
control, orchard management and other problems of rural life. 

Mr. Chapman is well qualified for the responsible position he holds, 
being thoroughly educated along farm lines, and also having the initiative 
to organize and instruct. He is a member of the Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. 



Peter Everhardy, commissioner of finance of Leavenworth, Kansas, 
is one of the best known men of that city, and is respected by all. He is 
a native of Ohio, born in Hamilton County, October 27, 1847, the son 
of Matt and Margaret (Kommer) Everhardy. The former was a pioneer 
of Cincinnati, locating there in 1837 when the city was in its infancy, 
and lived there until his death in 1866. His wife died in 1854. 

Mr. and Mrs. Matt Everhardy were the parents of the following 
children: Matt, who died in California in 1905; Mrs. Josephine Paff, de- 
ceased; Mrs. Agnes Haag, of Leavenworth; Peter, the subject of this 
sketch; and Jacob, who died in California a few years ago. The latter 
left Ft. Leavenworth, accompanied by Matt Ryan, in 1865 for Ft. Larimie, 
Wyoming, and, on arriving there, the war had closed and prices had 
fallen to less than one-half, losing them about $30,000.00. They sold 
their wagons for twenty-five dollars, which cost them $275. Jacob Ever- 
hardy eventually located in California, where he engaged in horticultural 
work until his death. 

Peter Everhardy was educated in the public schools of Cincinnati, 
Ohio. He came to Leavenworth September 2, 1866, and learned the 
butcher trade with his brother, Jacob. He sold out in 1917, after fifty 
years of successful business. Peter Everhardy is a public spirited man. 

(19) 



354 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

He has served the city of Leavenworth three terms as councilman for the 
Fourth ward, and two terms as sheriff of the county, from 1898 to 1903. 
After serving as sheriff, he was elected mayor for two terms. In April, 
1919, he was elected to his present position, commissioner of finance and 
revenue. Mr. Everhardy, by his rugged honesty and straightforward 
conduct, has taken a place at the front rank of Kansas pioneers, who the 
people delight to honor. He is a capable and conscientious public officer, 
and his administration of the affairs has always met with approval. He 
served as jury commissioner during the Populist administration of Gov- 
ernor Llewellen, Morris Franks, of Fairmount, serving with him. 

Mr. Everhardy was married February 20, 1873, to Elizabeth Naegel, 
a native of Cincinnati. She came to Leavenworth in 1868 with Joe 
Whittaker's family. Mrs. Everhardy died November 28, 1908, and is 
buried at Mt. Calvary Cemetery. Mr. and Mrs. Everhardy are the par- 
ents of five children : Mary and Clara, both at home ; Blanche, a stenog- 
rapher for the Santa Fe Railroad at Leavenworth; Dr. J. L., of Leaven- 
worth, who married Louise Hesse, a daughter of W. G. Hesse, a pioneer 
of Leavenworth; and Louise H., who is art teacher at State Agricultural 
College at Manhattan, Kansas. Mr. Everhardy and daughters live at 
510 Seneca street. 



Dr. J. L. Everhardy, a well known and successful physician of Leav- 
enworth, Kansas, is a native of this state. He was educated in the 
Leavenworth schools and at St. Mary's College, St. Mary's-, Kansas, re- 
ceiving his A. B. degree in 1893 and A. M. degree in 1895. He was grad- 
uated from the University Medical College, Kansas City, Missouri, in 
1897, and also studied under the late Dr. J. W. Brock, who died November 
26, 1900. 

Dr. Everhardy has been practicing at Leavenworth since 1897. He 
is a capable physician, has a large practice, and stands high in the 
community. 

During the World War Dr. Everhardy was medical examiner for the 
Local Draft Board, having been appointed by Governor Capper. He was 
secretary of the Medical Advisory Board No. 2 of Kansas, and also A. 
A. S., United States Public Health Service in 1917 and 1918. He also 
worked under the Department of Justice and in the American Red Cross. 
He is a member of the Medical Section, Kansas Council of Defense. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 355 

For the past twelve years Dr. Everhardy has been secretary of the 
Leavenworth County Medical Society, and secretary for the Northeast 
Kansas Medical Society for six years and is now serving his third term as 
vice-president of the Kansas State Medical Society. He was secretary of 
the Kansas Tuberculosis Association for eight years, and has filled the 
offices of city health officer, police surgeon and county health officer, and 
is now secretary of the United States Board of Examining Surgeons. He 
has held the last office since 1905. In 1916 and 1917 Dr. Everhardy 
served as president of the Kansas Public Health Officers' Association ; also 
served during the World War on the Council of National Defense. He 
was county organizer of the Volunteer Medical Service corps' of the 
United States. 

Dr. Everhardy is untiring in his professional duties and, because of 
his extensive practice and the large number of offices he has filled, he has 
a large acquaintance in Leavenworth and the state. 



Dr. Thomas John Boone, a popular young dentist of Leavenworth, 
with offices in the Axa building, was born in Lansing, Kansas, May 2, 
1893. He is the son of T. J. and Theresa (Ruckel) Boone, who reside 
in Lansing. 

T. J. Boone was born in County Tyrone, Ireland, November 28, 1866, 
and came to America in 1882. His wife was born in Junction City, Kan- 
sas, July 26, 1872. They are the parents of the following children: Dr. 
Thomas J., the subject of this sketch; Grace, who lives with her parents 
and teaches in the Lansing schools ; Winfield, a cadet at West Point, New 
York, and Cornelius, at home. Mr. Boone is now employed as guard at 
the State Penitentiary at Lansing. 

Dr. Thomas J. Boone was educated in the public schools of Kansas, 
and was graduated from the Lansing High School in 1912, and from the 
Kansas City Dental College in 1918, after which he taught for three years 
in Kansas City, Missouri. He began the practice of dentistry in Septem- 
ber, 1919, upon his return from the United States service. 

Dr. Boone enlisted in September, 1917, for service in the World War, 
and was sent to Camp Funston with the 353rd Infantry. He was there 
until in December, 1917, when he was transferred to the Reserve Corps, 
and, in June, 1918, was stationed at Kansas City, Missouri, and, from 
there, to Camp Greenleaf, Ft. Oglethorpe, Georgia, until June 22, 1919, 
when he was discharged at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Dr. Boone is a charter member of the Byron H. Mehl Post of the 



356 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

American Legion ; a member of the Knights of Columbus, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks and the Ancient Order of United Workmen. He 
is a very progressive young man, both in his profession, and in affairs of 
Leavenworth, and, because of his ability has a bright future. 



Carl and Ernest Hunnius, jewelers, located at 104 North Fifth street, 
Leavenworth, Kansas, are capable and successful business men. The firm 
established by Carl Hunnius twenty-seven years ago has won a reputation 
of fair and honest dealing and has grown as the years have gone by. 
Carl Hunnius was born in Leavenworth, Kansas, October 25, 1872, the 
son of Ado and Bertha (Baechle) Hunnius. 

Ado Hunnius wts born at Leipsic, Germany, in 1842, and came to 
this country in 1858. During the Civil War he enlisted in the Fifty- 
fourth New York Volunteer Infantry and served during the war. He 
received a wound in the limb but was otherwise unhurt during his years 
of service. After the war he came to Fort Leavenworth, where he was 
located until 1876, riding a mile to and from his business from his home 
on Osage street. Later he went into business in Leavenworth, conducting 
a toy store and news stand. Later he conducted a book and stationery 
store and the state agency for school books. He retired from active 
business in 1909. He is one of the interesting pioneers, being very well 
posted on early day history. Despite his seventy-nine years, he is still 
interested in the present as well as the past. 

Mrs. Bertha (Baechle) Hunnius is a native of Switzerland, born in 
1848. She is the daughter of Meinrud and Marie Baechle, who came to 
this country when she was a year old. They settled at St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, where they lost all their worldly possessions during the Civil War. 
They moved to Leavenworth, Kansas, where they established a hotel and 
boarding house, and are both now deceased. 

Four children were bom to Mr. and Mrs. Adolph Hunnius, as follows : 
Carl, subject of this review; Herman, with the Abernathy Furniture Com- 
pany; Ernest, of this review; and Elizabeth, wife of A. S. Hatton, in the 
grocery and confectionery business, Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Carl Hunnius was educated in the public schools of Leavenworth. 
He graduated from the Horological Institute of Peoria, Illinois, in 1893. 
Prior to this, when Carl Hunnius was sixteen years of age, he worked 
two years as an apprentice for J. A. Schmidt and two years for W. A. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 357 

Kirkham. The first six months he worked without pay, the next six 
months for $1.50 a week and at the end of four years was getting $5.00 
a week. When he was twenty-one years of age he started his business 
at 104 North Fifth street and three years later moved to 104 South Fifth 
street, where he is now located. The first year he was in business his 
place was robbed of everything which he possessed. Today he has an 
excellent line of goods and a first class trade. 

Carl Hunnius is a member of the Knights of Columbus and the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America and the Security Benefit Association. For two 
years Mr. Hunnius was captain of the drill team for this lodge, resigning 
in 1919. He is now and for the past fourteen years captain of the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America drill team. 

Ernest Hunnius was born June 9, 1877, and received his education 
in the Leavenworth public schools and the Bradley Horological Institute, 
graduating in 1900. He has since been employed by his brother, Carl 
Hunnius. 

June 14, 1905, Ernest Hunnius and Sarah Weisman were united in 
marriage. She died August 20, 1910, leaving two sons: Oscar, born 
September 27, 1907, and Tracy, born January 8, 1909. They are students 
in the Leavenworth public schools. 

Carl and Ernest Hunnius are good substantial business men? who 
have aided in the building of the city of Leavenworth, Kansas. 



Dr. A. R. Adams, acting surgeon for the Santa Fe railroad, with 
offices in the Axa building in Leavenworth, Kansas, is one of the skilled 
and widely known physicians and surgeons of this part of Kansas. He is 
a native of Kansas, born in Jewell County, July 17, 1879, the son of J. W. 
and Mary (Lane) Adams. The former was a native of Kentucky, born 
in 1849, reared in Illinois, and now lives in Leavenworth. His wife was 
born in Illinois in 1852 and died in July, 1912. She is buried at Lebanon, 
Kansas. They came to Kansas in 1872 and entered land in Jewell County. 
He egaged in the mercantile business at Salem, Kansas, and later at Leba- 
non, Kansas. He was postmaster of Lebanon for nearly eight years, 
during President Wilson's administration. The Adams children are: E. 
W., barber of Topeka, Kansas; Fred W., merchant of Formosa, Kansas; 
Dr. W. A., of Denver, Colorado; Dr. A. R., the subject of this sketch; 
Love, the wife of Leonard Asper, of Manley, Iowa; Carmen, the wife of 



358 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

William Tilsey, of Manley, Iowa ; and Bertha, the wife of John Beagle, of 
Kansas City, Missouri. 

Dr. Adams was educated in the Lebanon, Kansas, High School, and 
spent two years at Washburne College in Topeka. He was graduated 
from the Kansas City Medical College in 1904 and immediately began 
the practice of medicine at Easton, Kansas. While at Easton he was 
associated with his brother, Dr. W. A. Adams, and they conducted, for a 
number of years, a private hospital. Dr. W. A. Adams is now a success- 
ful practitioner of Denver, Colorado, having located there in 1918. Dr. 
A. R. Adams succeeded Dr. C. D. Lloyd, of Leavenworth, in 1920. He is 
a member of the Leavenworth County, Northeast Kansas, State and 
American Medical Associations, and is also a registered pharmacist. He 
is vice-president of the Leavenworth County Medical Association. 

Dr. Adams rendered assistance during the World War, having en- 
listed in the United States Army in the Medical Reserve Corps, and was 
commissioned first lieutenant, serving at Ft. Riley, Medical Officers' Train- 
ing Corps, in January, 1918, and followed his work at Base Hospital, Ft. 
Riley. He afterwards was transferred to Columbia, Missouri, where he 
was made unit surgeon, serving seven months, until the close of the war. 
He was commissioned captain of the Medical Reserve Corps, which posi- 
tion *he now holds. He is a member of the Association of Military 
Surgeons. 

Dr. Adams was married April 15, 1907, to Lucy Haws, of Stanberry, 
Missouri, a daughter of Albert and Emma (DeSavior) Haws, the for- 
mer a native of New York, born in Philipstown July 1, 1840, and died 
January 25, 1921. The mother was bom in Carrollton, Missouri, Decem- 
ber 4, 1855. Mr. Haws served throughout the Civil War, and was with 
Company C, Illinois Infantry. Mrs. Haws resides at Stanberry, Missouri. 
Dr. and Mrs. Adams have three children : Leona Edith, a freshman in the 
high school; Alonzo Robert; and Walter Alfred. The family reside at 
310 Fifth avenue, the family residence of Dr. Lloyd. 

Dr. Adams is a member of the Thirty-second Degree Scottish Rite 
Mason, and a Shriner, a charter member of the Mehl Post of the American 
Legion, Order of the Eastern Star, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen and is medical examiner for the latter 
order. He is also a member of the Degree of Honor and Yeomen. Dr. 
Adams is a director of the Easton State Bank, the State Savings Bank, 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 359 

Leavenworth, and of the Lansing State Bank. Dr. Adam's life is a busy 
one, for, in addition to his professional career, he takes a keen interest 
in local affairs of a public nature. 



Martin J. Eggert, commissioner of the Leavenworth Water Works 
and Street Lighting, also sales manager for Joseph V. Stoltz Wholesale 
Grocer Company, is a well known citizen of Leavenworth and a son of 
M. J. and Mary Eggert, natives of Wurttemberg, Germany. They came 
to America in 1866 and settled at Quincy, Illinois, where they were mar- 
ried, and came to Leavenworth in 1868. M. J. Eggert was a cabinet- 
maker and worked for different firms in Leavenworth. He died in 1913, 
and is buried at Kansas City, Missouri. His wife died two years later at 
Columbus, Ohio. The Eggert children are Martin J. ; Severin J., now de- 
ceased; Markus, who died at Columbus, Ohio; and Beata, wife of J. M. 
Schumacher, of Columbus, Ohio. 

Martin J. Eggert was educated in the Leavenworth parochial schools, 
and was graduated therefrom at the age of eighteen years. He was then 
engaged in the retail grocery business for about ten years. He began 
with the firm of Joseph V. Stoltz in 1899 and for the past fifteen years 
has been sales manager, which position he has filled creditably and suc- 
cessfully. 

Mr. Eggert was elected commissioner of Water Works and Lighting 
in April, 1917, and re-elected in April, 1919, the latter time without oppo- 
sition, and was again re-elected in April, 1921. He has served the city 
capably, being instrumental in reducing the price of street lights and also 
water, the total saving for the first term being over $5,000. He also 
reduced the levy for his budget two-tenths of a mill during his first term. 

On August 22, 1898, Mr. Eggert was married to Eleanor F. Morton, 
daughter of John and Catherine Morton, of Blaine, Kansas. Her parents 
are both now deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Eggert have eight children, as follows : Mary Catherine, 
Josephine, Louise, Pauline, Florence, Martin J., Jr., Edward F. and Florian 
F. The family reside at 818 Ottawa street, Leavenworth, and are among 
the city's most substantial citizens. 

Mr. Eggert is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, Court 
of Honor and C. M. B. A. 



360 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Ira J. Bright, one of the leading educators of Kansas and superin- 
tendent of the schools of Leavenworth, is a native of Iowa. He was born 
in Greenfield, the son of T. M. and Elizabeth (Anthony) Bright. The 
former was a Virginian, and came to Iowa in 1878. He died in 1915, 
and his widow lives at Massilon, Iowa. They were the parents of the 
following children: C. J., an attorney of The Dallas, Oregon; C. S., a 
farmer of Alexandria; A. T., agent for the Milwaukee railway at Mas- 
silon, Iowa; W. T., agent for the Milwaukee railway at Elwood, Iowa; 
Clara, wife of C. L. Savage, of Little Falls, Minnesota; Mollie, who died 
at the age of twenty-one years ; and Ira J., the subject of this sketch. 

Ira J. Bright received his education in the public schools of 
Massilon, Iowa, and high school at Oxford Junction, Iowa. He attended 
the State Normal School at Cedar Falls, and Emporia State Normal. He 
was graduated from the latter with the B. S. degree in 1915. He spent 
one year at the Kansas State University and one year at Teachers' Col- 
lege, Columbia University, New York City, receiving the Masters degree, 
and teachers' college diploma as superintendent of schools. 

He taught for three years in the Iowa public schools, and then came 
to Abbeyville, Kansas, where he taught three years, and for seven years 
was superintendent of schools at Lansing, Kansas. He then came to 
Leavenworth, Kansas, and was head of the department of normal train- 
ing. He was also efficiency expert, organizing the first department of 
research work in the Kansas public schools. He spent three years in 
Topeka as director of research and efficiency. He returned to Leaven- 
worth as principal of the high school in 1918, and the following year was 
elected superintendent. 

Mr. Bright is a member of the National Association of Directors of 
Educational Research, comprising those who are engaged in doing special 
work. Bulletins are issued monthly showing what the different schools 
connected with this work are doing. 

The Leavenworth High School has an enrollment of 561 pupils, and 
2,000 pupils attend the ten grade schools. Dr. Allen Albert, during his 
survey of the industrial and social conditions of cities, came to Leaven- 
worth at the call of the Chamber of Commerce. He reported the Leaven- 
worth schools as among the best in the mid-west. His article was printed 
in Colliers, October, 1920. The Leavenworth High School was one of the 
first schools to become a member of the North Central Association of 
Colleges and Secondary Schools. 




IRA J. BRIGHT 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 361 

The members of the Board of Education are: Dr. S. B. Langworthy, 
William S. Albright, Fred S. Bolman, M. Toppler, Lee Todd, W. W. Hooper. 
Mary M. Pferferkorn is director of tests and measurements. 

The high standard which the Leavenworth schools have attained is 
due largely to the expert knowledge of Superintendent Bright. 

Mr. Bright was married August 26, 1908, to Mary Elizabeth Lawson, 
of Hutchinson, Kansas, a daughter of J. H. Lawson, a pioneer of that 
city. Mr. and Mrs. Bright reside at 326 Pine street, Leavenworth. 



Franklin Wuerth, of the firm of Wuerth & Son, jewelers, is the senior 
member of one of Leavenworth's best jewelry firms. He was born in 
Cleveland, Ohio, February 6, 1865, the son of J. H. and Catherine (Rock- 
ert) Wuerth, both natives of Germany, but who came to the United States 
when small. They were married at Cleveland, Ohio. 

J. H. Wuerth came to Leavenworth in 1859 to visit his brother, Gott- 
lieb Wuerth, who was a clerk for John F. Richards, a pioneer hardware 
man of Leavenworth. In 1869 he left Cleveland and settled on a farm 
three miles west of Millwood, and for five years lived there, suffering 
many misfortunes, in the way of drouths, grasshoppers, losing hogs with 
cholera, and, in the panic of 1873, he lost practically all he had. He then 
moved to Leavenworth and was in the wholesale flour, feed and commis- 
sion business for several years, and also operated a transfer line. In 
1886 he and his son, Franklin, the subject of this sketch, started in the 
retail jewelry business, which he conducted until his death, about the 
year 1896, at the age of sixty-five years. He is buried at Mt. Muncie 
cemetery. His wife died three months previous to his passing. Mr. and 
Mrs. J. H. Wuerth were the parents of the following children: Charles, 
who is engaged in the cigar business in Kansas City, Missouri ; H. E., who 
has been a jeweler in Kansas City since 1886; John, deceased, who was 
in business in Leavenworth until the time of his death at the age of fifty- 
four; Bertha, the wife of J. K. Roller, a retired real estate dealer of San 
Diego, California; William J., who operates a fruit ranch at Fresno, Cali- 
fornia; and Franklin. 

Franklin Wuerth was educated in the public schools of Leavenworth 
and also attended the old Morris school and the Oak school. He was 
his father's partner, and since his father's death, he bought out the other 
heirs, and the firm remains the same — "Wuerth & Son," the son now 



362 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

being Floyd E. Wuerth. This firm is one of the oldest and most reliable 
in the city. Mr. Wuerth carries only high class goods, the same lines 
that are carried by jewelers in the largest cities, and he represents lines 
made by the oldest and best manufacturers in the country, continuing to 
do business with firms with whom he started thirty-six years ago. 

Franklin Wuerth's brother, H. E. Wuerth, of Kansas City, was fore- 
man for R. N. Hershfield, of Leavenworth, when Hershfield was perhaps 
the largest jeweler in the United States, having thirty-five men employed. 
When Hershfield went to Kansas, H. E. Wuerth went with him, later 
going into business for himself. Franklin Wuerth learned diamond setting 
from his brother, and watch making from J. A. Schmidt, and he also 
worked with a Swiss watchmaker and a Frenchman by the name of 
Herman Huber, both expert watchmakers. While in the latter's shop, 
Mr. Wuerth made a complete watch before he was eighteen years old. He 
started in business with his father when twenty years of age and sold his 
first watch to Rev. R. B. Broener, formerly of Sacred Heart Parish, and 
who was introduced to him by Rev. Bishop Fink. The watch is still 
running and in good shape. 

On July 13, 1892, Franklin Wuerth was married to Miss Lenora 
O'Brien, a daughter of P. and Mary O'Brien, early settlers of Leaven- 
worth. Both are now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. O'Brien had the following 
children: Mrs. William P. Gilbert; Joseph, of Leavenworth; Mrs. J. W. 
Melvin, of Leavenworth ; Mrs. Thomas Jones, of Kansas City, Kansas, and 
Mrs. Franklin Wuerth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wuerth have a son, Floyd, twenty-six years of age, who 
is an assistant in the store. He is a graduate of the Catholic High School. 
He served during the World War for sixteen months and was first ser- 
geant, having enlisted in 1917. He attended the officers' training school 
at Camp Hancock, going first to Camp Funston, then to Camp Pike, 
Arkansas. He was in a machine gun company, and made a fine record. 

Franklin Wuerth is a Scottish Rite Mason and a member of the 
Shrine at Leavenworth. He is also a member of the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, Knights of Pythias, Modern Woodmen of America 
and the Country Club. Mr. Wuerth is a progressive citizen in every sense 
of the word. He and his family reside at 413 Chestnut street. 



HISTORY OP LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 363 

Francis J. McAuliffe, secretary and treasurer of the Mehl and Schott 
Drug Company, is one of Leavenworth's wide awake and progressive citi- 
zens. He was born in Leavenworth County, Kansas, April 5, 1883, the 
son of James and Anna (Sullivan) McAuliffe, both natives of Ireland, the 
former from Beaufort, Ireland, and Mrs. McAuliffe from County Kerry. 
The father came to America when a young man and attended school in 
St. Joseph, Missouri. She came to Leavenworth when eleven years of 
age and lived with her aunt, Mrs. Mack Brennan, now deceased. James 
and Anna McAuliffe now live at 600 Kiowa street, Leavenworth. They 
have the following children: May, of Denver, Colorado, who is employed 
by the Western Union Telegraph Company; James, of Santa Rosa, Cali- 
fornia; Francis J., the subject of this sketch; William, of South St. Joseph, 
Missouri; Genevieve, a Sister of Charity, now of Denver, Colorado; and 
George, of Glenn's Ferry, Idaho. 

Francis J. McAuliffe received his education in the Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, public schools, and also learned pharmacy here. He is the efficient 
secretary and treasurer of the firm of Mehl & Schott. He began working 
in 1910, and upon the death of W. S. Schott, was taken into the firm as 
secretary, and since the death of H. W. Mehl in 1919 he was also made 
treasurer. Mehl and Schott were pioneer druggists, having been in busi- 
ness here thirty-five years. 

Mr. McAuliffe also takes an interest in local affairs and holds the 
office of commissioner of parks and public property, having been elected 
to this position in 1918. 

Mr. McAuliffe is a member of the Knights of Columbus. 



Sidney 0. Colvin, the dependable and energetic agent of the Crew 
Levick Oil and Gasoline Company, is a native Missourian, born in Hanni- 
bal, September 1, 1885. He is the son of A. T. and Sarah J. (Main) Colvin, 
the latter of a pioneer family of Pike County, Illinois, born February 29, 
1852. A. T. Colvin was a son of William A. and Elizabeth (Ready) Col- 
vin, born in LaSalle County, Illinois, February 23, 1850. Elizabeth Colvin 
died about 1854 and William A. Colvin died in 1882 in Pike County, Illi- 
nois. He was a native of Ohio. 

A. T. Colvin came to Kansas from Hannibal, Missouri, in February, 
1887, and engaged in the oil business on his own account for a number of 
years. He was also engaged in the grocery business for two years. He 



364 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

began with the Uncle Sam Oil Company in 1905 and was their agent for 
fourteen years, and, when the Crew .Levick Company bought the Uncle 
Sam's interest in 1918, he was appointed assistant manager for this com- 
pany, a position he now holds. 

A. T. Colvin was married October 14, 1888, and Mr. and Mrs. Colvin 
are the parents of the following children : Minerva, wife of Joseph Malee ; 
Beulah A., wife of Edward Kulmus of Columbia, Missouri ; Sidney C, the 
subject of this sketch; Tony, of Hutchinson, Kansas, who is agent for the 
Crew Levick Company, at that place; Gladys, widow of Wilford Logan, 
who clerks in the main office of the Crew Levick Company at Topeka, 
Kansas. 

Sidney 0. Colvin was educated in the public schools of Leavenworth, 
and was window trimmer for William Small and Company of Leavenworth, 
for fifteen years prior to accepting a position with the Crew Levick Com- 
pany as agent in 1918. The company's place of business is at Sixth and 
Delaware streets, and the 'warehouse or tank station is at Twelfth and 
Osage streets, where five men are employed. Another filling station is 
located at 315 Shawnee street. 

Sidney Colvin was married July 18, 1906, to Pearl Colby of Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, a student of the Leavenworth High School. She is the 
daughter of Charles and Harriet (Reynolds) Colby, early settlers of Leav- 
enworth, and both are deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Colvin have two sons: Richard, born December 31, 
1908, and Robert, born January 31, 1912. 

Mr. Colvin is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America No. 365, 
and Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Lodge No. 2, and takes a great 
interest in both lodges. He has a wide acquaintance in Leavenworth, and 
by his courteous manner and obliging methods has made many friends. 



E. D. Lysle, president of the Lysle Milling Company, has been identi- 
fied with the industrial development of Leavenworth all his life and stands 
at the head of and is the principal owner of this great manufacturing 
concern which is one of the leading milling institutions of the country. 
E. D. Lysle is a son of James C. and Letitia S. (Dickey) Lysle, both of 
whom are now deceased. 

James C. Lysle was a native of Pennsylvania, born in Chester County, 
December 2, 1828. He spent his early life in his native state and served 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 365 

an apprenticeship in a paper mill where he learned the paper making 
trade. He came to Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1867. In 1868, in partnership 
with Mr. Dilworth, he started a hub and spoke factory which was a thriv- 
ing business during the days of overland transportation by wagon. As the 
railroads were built in the West there was a decrease in the demand for 
wagons for transportation purposes and the Lysle-Dilworth plant was 
converted into a furniture factory. Later the firm began the manufacture 
of flour and Mr. Lysle continued in the milling business here during the 
remainder of his active career. He retired from active business pursuits 
in 1909 and died in Leavenworth in 1911. He was a capable business man 
and was notably one of the successful men of Leavenworth and Kansas. 
James C. Lysle married Miss Letitia S. Dickey who was born in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1837 and died in Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1918. She and her 
husband are buried in Mount Muncie Cemetery at Leavenworth. 

To James C. and Letitia S. (Dickey) Lysle were born the following 
children : May, married C. W. Chase, Leavenworth, Kansas ; Carrie, mar- 
ried W. A. Jeffries, Leavenworth, Kansas ; and E. D., the subject of this 
sketch. 

E. D. Lysle was reared in Leavenworth and completed his education 
in 1890. He then entered the employ of the Kelley & Lysle Milling Com- 
pany of which his father was the principal owner. He served in various 
capacities of responsibility with this company until 1898 when he became 
manager and in 1909, when his father retired, he succeeded to the presi- 
dency of the company and still holds that position. 

E. D. Lysle was united in marriage November 15, 1894 with Miss 
Grace Phillips and to this union has been born one son, James C, who is 
sales manager for the Lysle Milling Company and resides in Leavenworth. 
He was graduated from Yale in the class of 1916 and when the United 
States entered the World War he was commissioned second lieutenant in 
the regular army. He was a member of the Twelfth Field Artillery of the 
famous Second Division and participated in much of the severe fighting 
in which the American troops were engaged. During the course of his 
military career he was promoted to the rank of captain. In the opera- 
tions at Chateau Thierry he was wounded and gassed. At the close of the 
war he returned to Leavenworth and resumed his position as sales man- 
ager of the Lysle Milling Company. He was married February 7, 1921, 
to Miss Frances Fennelly of Kansas City, Missouri. 



366 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

E. D. Lysle is one of the progressive business men of Leavenworth 
and the Lysle family have for many years been prominent in this section 
of the country. 



The Lysle Milling Company, of Leavenworth, Kansas, is one of the 
leading commercial institutions, not only of Leavenworth County but of 
the state. From a small beginning it has gone on in its development until 
the Lysle Milling Company is recognized as one of the leading manufac- 
turers of high-grade flour in the entire country. This business was 
founded in 1872 by James C. Lysle and James Dilworth who were also at 
that time engaged in the manufacture of furniture. This partnership ar- 
rangement continued until 1880 when John Kelley bought Dillworth's 
interest, and in 1889 Mr. Lysle bought Mr. Kelley's interest, becoming the 
sole owner and proprietor. In 1909, the name of the company was changed 
to The J. C. Lysle Milling Company. 

In 1889 the original mill was destroyed by fire and at that time a mill 
with a capacity of 500 barrels per day was built, which was considered a 
large mill at that time, the old mill having had a 250 barrel daily capacity. 
The capacity of the mill has been gradually increased from time to time 
and at present the mill is capable of manufacturing 1,800 barrels of flour 
per day, and the mill and elevators have a storage capacity of 350,000 
bushels of wheat. In addition to their Leavenworth plant, the Lysle Mill- 
ing Company erected a large modern flouring mill at North Kansas City 
in 1920. This is a concrete structure equipped with the most modern 
milling machinery and has a capacity of 3,000 barrels daily, and is one of 
the important manufacturing institutions of North Kansas City, Missouri. 

The Lysle Milling Company has always been conducted on progressive 
lines. This mill introduced Kansas hard wheat flour on the European mar- 
kets and began to export flour in 1890. However, flour from the mills 
of Minnesota had been exported prior to that time. 

The company gives employment to over one hundred people, twenty- 
five of whom are connected with the offices and sales department. The 
Lysle Milling Company has long since been recognized as one of the 
important factors in the making of industrial Leavenworth and stands as 
a monument to its principal founder, James C. Lysle. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 367 

Harry Isaac Coldren, a well-known and successful plumber of Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, was born in this city June 15, 1867. He is the son of 
Hosea W. and Anna (Lovett) Coldren, the latter a native of Pennsylvania, 
who was reared in Detroit, Michigan. She died in August, 1911, at the 
age of seventy-two years. Hosea W. Coldren was born in- Delaware County, 
Ohio, and came to Leavenworth with his brother in 1857 and engaged in 
contracting and building. He built a number of residences and business 
houses in Leavenworth, and followed his trade until about ten years prior 
to his death. He died in January, 1916, aged eighty-four years. During 
his lifetime he was prominent in local affairs and served as councilman in 
Leavenworth eight years. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Hosea Coldren are as follows: Byron, 
Hattie, the wife of O. H. Shelley ; Charles R., a carpenter ; Harry, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and John H., a contractor, all of Leavenworth ; George, 
a painter of Wichita, Kansas ; Jessie, the wife of Charles Watson of Iowa ; 
Anna, at home, and Bert, a jeweler of Wichita, Kansas. All the children 
were reared and educated in Leavenworth. Hosea W. Coldren and his wife 
celebrated their fiftieth wedding anniversary December 25, 1908. At their 
funerals their six sons officiated as pall bearers. 

Byron Coldren learned the trade of carpenter from his father and 
began working with him at the age of sixteen years, and, since his father's 
death, he has conducted the business. He is a member of the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles and the Improved Order of Red Men. 

Harry Isaac Coldren was educated in the public schools and began 
the plumbing business when sixteen years of age, consequently he has a 
thorough knowledge of every phase of the work. He first was with Lovett 
& Nash, one of the pioneer business firms in the city. After six years 
with them he entered the employ of Hombrook of Kansas City, Missouri, 
and remained with that firm for four years. In 1890 he opened a plumbing 
shop in the basement at the corner of Fourth and Delaware streets, and 
in 1910 he moved to 410 South Fifth Street, and has been in business 
ever since. 

The members of the firm are Harry Isaac Coldren and sons. They are : 
Hosea W., Carl E. and Harry I., Jr. They have done some of the largest 
jobs in the city, among them the plumbing and heating for the Planters 
Apartment, formerly the Planters Hotel, the Cathedral, Orpheum Theater, 
Lyceum Theater, German Catholic School and I. 0. O. F. Hall. 



368 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

On December 25, 1888, Mr. Coldren was married to Sophia Sohl, a 
native of Brehman, Germany, born in 1867, and they have three sons, 
all members of the firm with their father: H. W., who married Gertrude 
M. Vieth ; Carl E., who married Helen Schaller, and Harry I., Jr., who mar- 
ried Lena M. Zeugin. They have six grandchildren: Howard, Walter, 
Gertrude, Russell, Helen and Harry III. Mr. and Mrs. Coldren reside at 
525 Michigan avenue. Mr. Coldren is a member of the Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons, Shriner, Ancient Order of United Workmen, Fraternal 
Order of Eagles and Independent Order of Red Men lodges, and is a 
Democrat. 



Dr. S. B. Langworthy, with offices in the Axa Building, is dean of 
general practitioners in Leavenworth, Kansas. He was born in Crawford 
County, Pennsylvania, April 29, 1858, the son of Joseph A. Langworthy. 
He received his early education in Fredonia, New York, and was gradu- 
ated from the State Normal School in 1878. After graduation he went 
to Cherokee County, Kansas, and taught school for one year, and the 
next year went to Leavenworth County and taught at Fairmont two 
years, and two years in the city schools of Leavenworth. He then took 
up the study of medicine and was a student of Dr. J. A. Lane, after which 
he attended the Kansas City Medical College and was graduated in 1887. 
He then began the practice of medicine at Leavenworth, but left shortly 
afterward to form a partnership with Dr. John H. Van Eman in Kansas 
City, Missouri, where he remained for four years. During this time he 
was instructor in the Kansas City Medical College until 1893, when he 
returned to Leavenworth, where he has since practiced with unqualified 
success. 

Dr. S. B. Langworthy was married in September, 1878 to Mary H. 
Moore, of Brocton, New York, a daughter of Rensselaer and Dorcas Moore. 
They are the parents of four children : Dr. Joseph H., a sketch of whom 
appears in this book ; Herman M., an attorney of Kansas City of the firm 
of Warner, Dean, Langworthy, Thompson and Williams, and who is a 
graduate of the Law Department of Columbia University, New York, 
with degrees Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts at State University at 
Lawrence, and is married to Minnie Leach, of Leavenworth; Amy E., at 
home, who is a teacher in the Leavenworth High School, at the head of 
the foreign language department; and William James, who is the book- 




DR. S. B. LANGWORTHY 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 369 

keeper for the Galveston Dry Dock and Construction Company at Gal- 
veston, Texas. He is married, his wife being 1 Miss Genevieve Leek, of 
Leavenworth. 

Doctor Langworthy takes a keen interest in civic affairs, and is ever 
ready to lend his aid to the support of all movements of the development 
and improvements of affairs and conditions in Leavenworth. For the 
past fourteen years he has been a member of the school board, and has 
been its president for three years. He also served as president of the 
board twice previous. He has been chairman of the faculty for the Cushion 
Hospital Nurses Training School for eight years, and a member of the 
faculty for more than twenty years. Doctor Langworthy was adjunct 
professor of gynecology at College of Medicine at Kansas State University 
for several years. He has served as president of the County Medical 
Society for several terms. 

Doctor Langworthy is a Royal Arch Mason and member of Fraternal 
Aid. For the past ten years he has been a trustee of the First Methodist 
Church of Leavenworth. 

Doctor and Mrs. Langworthy have seven grandcihldren : Herman M., 
Jr., Dorcas, Robert Burton, William James, Jr., Joseph Howard, Jr., Wil- 
liam Biddle and Frances Langworthy. 



Dr. Joseph Howard Langworthy, a well known physician of Leaven- 
worth, is a native Missourian, born in DeKalb County, Missouri, June 21, 
1879. He is the son of Dr. S. B. Langworthy, a sketch of whom appears 
in this book. 

Dr. Joseph Howard Langworthy received his education in the Leav- 
enworth High School, and was graduated from that institution in 1898, 
and in the universities of Kansas and Pennsylvania. After finishing his 
medical education, he was an interne one year in the Methodist Hospital 
in Philadelphia. He began the practice of medicine in Leavenworth, 
Kansas, in 1908. In 1911 he joined the Medical Reserve Corps of the 
United States Army and went on active duty March, 1916 with the rank 
of lieutenant. In 1918 he was promoted to rank of captain and was made 
a major in 1918. During the entire time he was stationed at Fort Leav- 
enworth. 

Doctor Langworthy was married October 17, 1917 to Mrs. Dorothy 
Biddle, a daughter of W. I. and Minnie Fisher Biddle. Mrs. Langworthy 

(20) 



370 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

is a graduate of the Leavenworth High School. Doctor and Mrs. Lang- 
worthy have two children: Joseph Howard, Jr., born August 12, 1918, 
and William Biddle, born December 14, 1919. 

Doctor Langworthy is a member of the Leavenworth County Medical 
Society, King Solomon No. 10 Ancient Free and Accepted Masons and 
Chapter, and is a charter member of the Byron H. Mehl Post of the 
American Legion. He was the physician who enlisted Byron H. Mehl 
when he entered the army as private. 

Doctor Langworthy is a very successful physician and his offices are 
located in the Axa Building. 



Malcolm Nathaniel McNaughton, one of the leading members of the 
bar in Leavenworth, and one of the younger generation of the profes- 
sional men of this section, is a native of Leavenworth. He was born 
April 4, 1882, a son of S. J. and Anna A. (Eaton) McNaughton, a sketch 
of whom appears in this volume. S. J. McNaughton is a native of New 
York, coming to Kansas in 1872 and settled in southern part of Leaven- 
worth County, and is now engaged in the practice of law at Tonganoxie. 
He received his education in Williams College in Massachusetts and taught 
school prior to 1892, when he began the practice of his profession. His 
wife was a native of Massachusetts, a daughter of Nathaniel H. and Mary 
Ann Eaton, who came to Kansas and settled in 1872. Mr. Eaton died at 
Wellsville, Franklin County, Kansas, in 1894, and his wife died at Tonga- 
noxie in 1913. 

S. J. McNaughton and wife had four children : Malcolm N., the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Lucy McNaughton, the advertising manager of the 
Bunting Hardware Company of Kansas City, Missouri, Alicia and Mabel, 
both teachers in the Leavenworth High School. All of the children are 
graduates of the University of Kansas. 

Malcolm Nathaniel McNaughton received his preliminary education 
in the common schools of Leavenworth County, Kansas, and Tonganoxie 
Academy, graduating from the latter in 1900. He was graduated from the 
State University in 1904 and from Law School in 1906. In 1908, he came 
to Leavenworth, where he has practiced since. Mr. McNaughton has 
taken an active interest in public affairs and gained many warm friends. 
He was appointed deputy county attorney and served from 1908 until 1913 ; 
he was assistant attorney general in 1914, and city attorney of Leaven- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 371 

worth from 1917 to 1919. He is a member of Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons and of the Knights of Pythias. 

On September 24, 1910, Mr. McNaughton was married to Mary Fran- 
ces Dudley, a daughter of J. T. and Ida (Bronson) Dudley. Mr. and Mrs. 
Dudley live at 304 Vine street in Leavenworth. They are both natives of 
New York. In 1870 they came to Leavenworth, Kansas. J. T. Dudley 
conducted a book store here for several years and is now retired. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Dudley were born the following children: Arthur 
W., deceased; Evelyn, a teacher in the Omaha High School, Omaha, Ne- 
braska; Annie, wife of J. W. Hirst, Chicago, Illinois; W. B., New York; 
Mary F., wife of M. N. McNaughton, the subject of this sketch. Mrs. 
McNaughton is a graduate of the Leavenworth High School and of the 
University of Kansas. 



E. W. Snyder, the oldest bank president in the State of Kansas in 
years of service, having been for thirty-three years the president of the 
Manufacturers National Bank, has had an unusual and successful career, 
Mr. Snyder was born in Wayne County, New York, November 23, 1850, 
the son of James W. and Sarah A. (Oniell) Snyder. James Snyder was a 
colonel in the Federal army with the Ninth New York Heavy Artillery. 
He entered the service as captain and served during the entire war. He 
and his wife came to Kansas and settled in Washington County, Kansas, 
where Mrs. Snyder died. Mr. Snyder died later in Wichita, Kansas. 

E. W. Snyder was educated in Wayne County, New York, and, at the 
age of twenty years, went to Rochester, New York, and from there to 
Illinois when twenty-six years of age. In 1878, he went to Washington 
County, Kansas, where he remained for five years and where he was 
engaged in the banking and grain business. While there, he organized the 
Snyder Brothers Bank, which later was changed to the Bank of Clifton, 
Kansas, and then to the First National Bank of Clifton. His brother, 
Chester W. Snyder, of the Topeka State Bank, is its president. 

In 1883, Mr. Snyder came to Leavenworth and entered the grain busi- 
ness in connection with the Missouri Pacific Railroad firm of Snyder and 
Denton. Mr. Denton is now deceased. The firm built the Kansas Central 
Elevator at Leavenworth. He was in the grain business for five years, 
and in 1888, the Manufacturers' National Bank was organized with the 
following officers: James C. Lysle, now deceased, president; George H. 



372 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Hyde, now of Wichita, Kansas, vice-president ; William B. Nickels, at pres- 
ent of Kansas City, Missouri, cashier. The directors were: Robert Gar- 
rett, J. C. Lysle, John M. Laing, Isaac Rothenburg, George H. Hyde, W. B. 
Nickels, and H. W. Wulfekuhler. The capital stock was $100,000.00. 

The present officers are: E. W Snyder, president; Charles E. Sny- 
der, vice-president; C. W. Snyder, vice-president; John C. Walker, cashier; 
Percival Read, assistant cashier, and Horace W. Runkle, assistant cashier. 
The directors at present are: A. M. Geiger, Adolph Lange, Jr., E. W. 
Snyder, Louis Vanderschmidt, Charles E. Snyder, W. A. Tholen, C. W. 
Snyder and John C. Walker. The present capital stock is $100,000 ; sur- 
plus, $100,000; deposits, $1,430,497.41. The bank owns its building at the 
corner of Fourth and Delaware streets. It has been remodeled and rebuilt, 
and is now one of the finest banks in the state. In the banking business, 
Mr. Snyder has evinced the same keen foresight and clear judgment that 
has characterized his successful career in other fields of endeavor. 

Mr. Snyder, in connection with Senator Vinton Stillings, built the 
Terminal Bridge across the Missouri River in 1893, costing $1,200,000.00, 
which allowed the Burlington, Rock Island and Chicago & Great Western 
railroads to come into Leavenworth, and made a highway to connect with 
Platte County, Missouri Mr. Snyder was president of the company and 
the moving spirit in its accomplishment. 

Mr. Snyder also takes an interest in local affairs and served as presi- 
dent of the city council. He is also president of the Home Riverside Coal 
Mines Company of Leavenworth and has taken an active interest in the 
development of coal interests here. 

Mr. Snyder made the race at one time for state senate against Will- 
iam A. Harris, Mr. Harris winning by 117 votes. These two men were 
close personal friends and the election of either was a pleasure to the other. 
Mr. Harris was afterward made United States Senator. 

In 1877, Mr. Snyder was married to Fannie M. Benson, of Gardner, 
Illinois. Mrs. Snyder died in 1916 and is buried in Leavenworth, Kansas. 
Mr. and Mrs. Snyder had the following children: Charles E., now state 
senator from this district; Ira B., of Leavenworth, a traveling salesman. 

In January, 1918, Mr. Snyder was married to Mrs. Bonnie A. Bourke, 
of Dallas, Texas, and they reside at 409 North Esplanade. 

Mr. Snyder is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons and 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen. He has a very large acquaintance 
in banking circles throughout the state, and also many friends in Leaven- 
worth and community. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 373 

Senator Charles E. Snyder, of the Third Senatorial District of Kansas, 
and vice-president of the Manufacturers' National Bank, is a well-known 
and successful banker, and has been engaged in the banking business for 
several years. He was born in Gardner, Illinois, August 25, 1878, and, 
when six weeks old, came with his parents to Clifton, Kansas, where they 
located, later moving to Leavenworth. 

Senator Snyder attended the public schools of Leavenworth, Marma- 
duke Military Academy at Sweet Springs, Missouri, and Philips Academy 
at Andover, Massachusetts. He entered the Manufacturers' National Bank 
in 1897 and has filled every position in the bank since then, except 
pi-csident. 

Beginning in 1907, Senator Snyder served in the house of representa- 
tives for two terms. He was a member of the board of education of the 
city of Leavenworth in 1916 and 1917, and in 1916 was elected to the state 
senate, and re-elected in 1920. He has always been conservative in his 
ideas and has many warm friends. He assisted Governor Allen materially 
in the construction of the industrial court bill. 

Senator Snyder is a member of the Woodmen of the World, Brother- 
hood of American Yeomen, Fraternal Aid Union, Court of Honor, Knights 
& Ladies of Security, Modern Woodmen of America, Ancient Order of 
United Workmen, the Homesteaders, Knights of Pythias, Fraternal Order 
of Eagles and the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. Senator Sny- 
der is a representative business man of Leavenworth, public spirited and 
progressive, and has made a success in his chosen field of endeavor. His 
services for his district in the house of representatives and the senate were 
performed conscientiously and are appreciated by the people whom he 
represents. 

Senator Snyder was married to Beulah Newell of St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, a daughter of Dr. and Mrs. J. J. Newell. She was born and educated 
in St. Joseph. Mr. and Mrs. Snyder have three sons: E. W., Jr., James 
N. and Charles E., Jr. The family reside at 400 South Esplanade, Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, and are among the city's best citizens. 



Edward T. Dicks, proprietor of the Dicks Cigar Company at 402 
Delaware street, is one of the progressive and enterprising young busi- 
ness men of Leavenworth, Kansas. He was born in St. Louis, Missouri, 
the son of George and Mary (Brennan) Dicks. The former was a native 



374 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

of St. Louis and died at the age of forty-five years in Leavenworth and is 
buried at Mt. Calvary Cemetery. His wife was also a native of St. Louis 
and now lives in Leavenworth. 

George Dicks came to Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1883 and the family 
followed in 1884. He was employed as superintendent of the F. A. Rolf's 
cracker factory, the pioneer cracker factory of the city, located at Third 
and Shawnee streets (southwest corner). He was with them as superin 
tendent until his death. Mr. and Mrs. George Dicks were the parent? 
the following children: Edward T., the subject of this sketch; John 
Leavenworth; George, with the Dicks Cigar Companies, and Ca +1 
who is proprietress of a florist shop at 217 South Fifth street. 

Edward T. Dicks is a wide awake business man of the proj. ~* ' 
type and has built up an extensive business. Previous to enteri 
cigar business, he was on the road, traveling for the Leavenworth 
Company for five years. In February, 1903, Mr. Dicks and Herman 
started the cigar store at its present location. Mr. Levy retired in li 
Mr. Dicks carries a full line of cigars and tobacco, and does both a whole- 
sale and retail business. 

Edward Dicks was educated in the Cathedral parochial schools of 
Leavenworth, and spent two years in the Morris public schools. He is a 
member of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Knights of 
Columbus, United Commercial Travelers and Loyal Order of Moose. 

Mr. Dicks was married January 3, 1917, to Gertrude Wallace, a daugh- 
ter of J. P. and Anna (Goltwaite) Wallace, the latter of whom is deceased, 
and the former lives in Leavenworth. Mr. and Mrs. Dicks have two daugh- 
ters, Mary Ann and Gertrude Louise. 



John C. Walker, the efficient cashier of the Manufacturers' National 
Bank of Leavenworth, was born in England. He is the son of Robert and 
Martha (Jowett) Walker, natives of Darbyshire, England, but who came 
to the United States and located in Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1888. Robert 
Walker was a florist and opened a florist shop, also conducted a green- 
house in South, and later in North Leavenworth. He died in St. Joseph, 
Missouri, and was buried there. His wife lives with her son John C. 
Walker. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Walker were the parents of the following^ 
children : Sidney R., deceased ; Hugh, foreman for Leavenworth Bag Com- 
pany of Leavenworth; Joseph S., deceased; Elizabeth, wife of Charles H. 
Davis of Little Rock, Arkansas, and John C, the subject of this sketch. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 375 

John C. Walker received his education in the Leavenworth public 
schools and began work as bookkeeper for the Manufacturers' National 
Bank in 1900. In 1904 he was made receiving teller, assistant cashier in 

1914 and has been the efficient cashier since January 1, 1920, and has 
capably filled that position to the present time. Mr. Walker has had varied 
experiences in the banking business and is well qualified for the responsible 

.position which he holds. 

John C. Walker was married in June, 1911, to Harriet Kiser of Leav- 
)rth, Kansas, a daughter of S. H. and Mary (Dunham) Kiser. 

J Mr. and Mrs. Walker reside at 501 Arch street. Mr. Walker is a 

P" of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and takes a commendable 

,t in church and civic affairs. 

th- 

Jiarles T. Cox is well-known proprietor of the Cox Printing Company, 
£ of the leading job printing offices in Leavenworth, Kansas. He was 
~orn in Leavenworth, January 27, 1860, the son of Benjamin F. and 
Rebecca (Rouse) Cox. Mrs. Rebecca Cox was a native of Ohio, and a 
daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Rouse. Benjamin F. Cox came to 
Kansas in 1858 and located in Leavenworth. He died about 1906, and is 
buried at Mt. Muncie Cemetery. He was a member of the home guards 
during the Civil War. The Cox children are: Charles T., the subject of 
this sketch ; Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas Brady of Leavenworth, Kansas ; 
Rachel, who is married and lived in Kansas City, Missouri; Cusby Ann 
and Maude, who live at home ; and George and Frank, of Leavenworth. 

Charles T. Cox received his education in the public schools of Leaven- 
worth and at the age of seventeen years learned the printer's trade with 
C. J. Smith & Company and was with them for eleven years. He was 
appointed receiver for the C. J. Smith Company and ran the plant for one 
and one-half years. He then leased the business and went to work for 
himself with Henry Yeager as partner, which partnership continued for 
two years. Then Mr. Cox and Frank Harmon bought the plant and later 
Mr. Cox sold out to Harmon. Mr. Cox started the present business in 
1906 and is located opposite the post office. 

This firm does all kinds of job printing, and because of Mr. Cox's 
ability and progressiveness, he has made a thorough success. 

Mr. Cox also takes an interest in the city, and in 1911 was elected 
city commissioner of parks and public property and re-elected in 1913, 

1915 and 1917, serving the city eight years, and he did much to improve 



376 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

the parks of the city. He established Kemp Park in South Leavenworth. 
The city has been greatly benefited by the faithful service of Mr. Cox as 
city commissioner. 

In 1881, Mr. Cox was married to Margaret Elberson of Leavenworth, 
a daughter of George and Christina Elberson, both deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cox have one child, Harriet, the wife of Floyd Kurtz, 
of Leavenworth. 

Mr. Cox is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons and 
is a Shriner, Woodmen of the World, Knights of the Maccabees and Court 
of Honor. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cox reside at 325 Fifth avenue. 



Charles L. Cherrie, the popular and widely known agent for the Santa 
Fe Railway Company at Lansing, Kansas, was born at Bellepoint, Dela- 
ware County, Ohio, January 24, 1856, the son of Isaac and Susanna 
(Frankenfield) Cherrie, who moved to Union County shortly after the 
birth of Charles L. Cherrie. Isaac Cherrie died in the Libby Prison in 
1864. At the beginning of the Civil War he volunteered, and was cap- 
tured at Chattanooga, Tennessee. His wife died in Delaware County, 
Ohio at Ostrander. They were the parents of the following children: 
Mary, the wife of Thomas Haggard, who lives at Kenton, Ohio, and whose 
husband was a volunteer in the Civil War; Charles L., the subject of this 
sketch ; Philone, the wife of Wesley Shover, of Marysville, Ohio ; Estella, 
the wife of William Fetter, of Canada. 

Charles L. Cherrie received his education at Watkin, Ohio, and prior 
to coming to Kansas in 1878 he followed farming. In 1880 he began 
working for the Santa Fe railroad at Gardner, Kansas, then moved to 
Burlington, Kansas, and came to Lansing November 10, 1887, where he 
has been employed since. He learned the telegraphic business at Valen- 
tine Brothers School at Jonesville, Wisconsin. Mr. Cherrie has had many 
years' experience in railroad work and has a good record to his credit. 
He also takes an interest in civic affairs and has held a place on the school 
board of Lansing for six years. 

Mr. Cherrie was married first in Ohio to Frances May Guy, who died 
in February, 1891. They had three children: Charles, who is a conductor 
on the Southern Pacific railroad and lives in California; William B., who 
died at the age of thirty-eight years, in June, 1919, and who was connected 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 377 

with the auditor's office of the Santa Fe Railroad Company at Topeka, 
Kansas at the time of his death; and Estella, formerly a trained nurse, 
and now the wife of Jacob R. Wilson, of St. Joseph, Missouri. 

July 8, 1892, Mr. Cherrie was married to Laura A. Weeks, of Grenola, 
Kansas, and they have three children: Lane, the wife of Clarence Miller, 
of Lansing, Kansas ; Earl W., who is third trick operator and clerk with 
the Santa Fe railroad at Iola, Kansas; and Bernice, who is stenographer 
for the Kansas City Southern Railway Company at Kansas City, Missouri. 

Mr. Cherrie is a member of the following lodges: Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows for thirty-eight years ; Ancient Order of United Workmen 
for thirty-two years, and the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons NbT49 
for eight years. 



George A. Stevenson has been the very capable assistant chief of the 
fire department, Station No. 2, since June 1, 1920, and, prior to that time, 
was foreman for four years. He was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
July 9, 1865, and is the son of Andrew and Ann (Stephenson) Stevenson, 
who came to Leavenworth in 1877, where he engaged in the livery busi- 
ness at Seventh and Olive streets for twenty-five years. He died in 1907 
and his wife in 1914, both being buried at Mt. Muncie. They were the 
parents of nine children, of whom George A., the subject of this sketch, 
was the oldest. 

George A. Stephenson was educated in the public schools of Massa- 
chusetts, and also attended the Third avenue, East Oak School of Leaven- 
worth. After finishing school he assisted his father in the livery business 
until he joined the fire department in July, 1895. He performed the duties 
of driver until the present modern equipment was installed. 

Mr. Stevenson was married October 30, 1894, to Emma Nitzsche, who 
died in 1901. To this union were born two sons, namely: George, who 
died at the age of fourteen years, and Frank who was born in April, 
1898. Frank served in the World War, having enlisted with Company E, 
139th Infantry, and was with the Thirty-fifth Division in France for one 
year. He was in the battles of Meuse and Argonne, and for his services 
in the war has received a medal. 

Mr. Stevenson was married the second time to Mrs. Ida Keitner, 
July 1, 1905. Mrs. Keitner was formerly Miss Goldthwaite, and by her 
first marriage she had three children: Edna, Clara and Wilma. By her 
marriage to Mr. Stevenson, she has one daughter, Lillian. 



378 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Mr. and Mrs. Stevenson are substantial, well-respected citizens of 
Leavenworth and reside at 231 Foui'th avenue. Mr. Stevenson is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic lodge. 



W. J. Bransfield, the well-known assistant cashier of the State Sav- 
ings Bank, was born in Leavenworth, Kansas, January 24, 1898. He is the 
son of William F. and Catherine E.. (Rossiter) Bransfield, who resides at 
408 North Sixth street, Leavenworth. The latter was a native of Dublin, 
Ireland, coming with her parents to Leavenworth when three years of age. 
Both of her parents died in Leavenworth. William Bransfield was born 
in Leavenworth in 1862, the son of Michael Bransfield, an early pioneer of 
Leavenworth, and a captain in the Union Army. The following children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. William Bransfield : John, at home ; W. J., the 
subject of this sketch; Howard, of Troy, Kansas; and Walter and Charles, 
both at home. 

W. J. Bransfield received his education in parochial schools and St. 
Mary's College, St. Mary's, Kansas, leaving the latter in his freshman 
year. He began work in the State Savings Bank, September 15, 1917, and 
has been assistant cashier since September 15, 1917. 

He is a member of the Knights of Columbus of Leavenworth. Mr. 
Bransfield is a young man with a bright and prosperous future, for he is 
energetic and capable, qualities which insure his success. He has a wide 
acquaintance and is well qualified for the responsible position which he 
holds. 



John C. Seitz, of the Leavenworth Dairy and Creamery Company, 
one of the important and successful industries of that city, was born in 
Albany, Minnesota, August 23, 1877. He is the son of Andrew and Anna 
Seitz, the former having died at the age of fifty-nine years in 1899, and 
is buried at Leavenworth, and the latter is now living in Leavenworth. 
Mr. Seitz came to Kansas from Minnesota in 1882 and was engaged in 
farming until his death. 

John C. Seitz was educated in the public schools of Leavenworth, and 
was employed by the present firm eighteen years prior to becoming a 
member. This is the pioneer creamery of Leavenworth. They manu- 
facture butter and ice cream on an extensive scale, and deal in all kinds 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 379 

of dairy products. It is located at 507 Shawnee street. Mr. Seitz is a 
practical creamery man, and, with his wide experience in the business. 

Mr. Seitz takes an active interest in local affairs. In 1917, he was 
elected commissioner of finance and revenue, and filled that position for 
two years, after which he succeeded Mayor Davis and filled the unexpired 
term as mayor. 

John C. Seitz was married to Florence M. Erschelle of Leavenworth, 
and they have five children: John, Richard, Edward, Frances and Helen. 
The family reside at 216 North Broadway and stand high in the com- 
munity. 



C. M. Fenning, the enterprising proprietor of the Big 4 Laundry, orie 
of the most important industrial institutions of Leavenworth. He was 
born on the site of the present Federal prison, May 4, 1863, and is the 
son of John and Catherine Fenning. John Fenning died in 1890 and his 
wife died in 1916. He was a native of Ireland and came to America in 
1855 and settled in Leavenworth, where he engaged in contracting and 
building. During the Civil War he served with the Kansas troops. 

C. M. Fenning was educated in the parochial schools of Leavenworth, 
and, since he was seventeen years of age, has been identified with the 
city in a business way. For seven years he was mail carrier and for a 
number of years was with the Western Baseball League, and served as 
umpire. He served the city four years as councilman. Mr. Fenning 
became familiar with the laundry business when he was formerly agent 
for Woolf Brothers, of Kansas City, Missouri, and started the Big 4 
Laundry in January, 1903, at their present location, 410-412-414 Choctaw 
street, with office at 313 Fifth street. This is one of the prominent in- 
dustries of Leavenworth. The laundry building is 72x100 feet in dimension 
and is equipped with the latest improved machinery. They make a 
specialty of family work as well as doing the finest fabrics. Their work 
is not confined alone to the city of Leavenworth, as they have agencies 
in many nearby towns. They now employ twenty-seven people. 

Mr. Fenning was married January 29, 1903 to Miss Frances E. Mur- 
phy of Leavenworth, and they reside at 605 Osage street. 

Mr. Fenning is a member of the Knights of Columbus. He has always 
been a booster for his city and was president of the Advertising Club of 
Leavenworth for four years, and in various ways gave the city the benefit 
of his initiative ability. 



380 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

John Lozensky and son Marian Lozensky, are proprietors of two of 
the popular stores in Leavenworth; the Central shoe stores are located at 
512 Delaware and Fifth and Walnut streets. 

John Lozensky came to Leavenworth in 1894 from St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, where he had followed the shoe business for several years. Both 
he and his son were born in Warsaw, Poland. John Lozensky opened up 
his first shop in Leavenworth in 1894 at Fifth and Walnut streets. Harry 
Lozensky, a son, operates the store at 512 Delaware street. 

The two stores handle both dress and every day shoes and they also 
do all kinds of repair work. They were the first in the city to put in 
electrical repairing machinery. The stores do a good business because 
of their fair dealing and reasonable prices, and the proprietors are reliable 
and substantial business men. 

John Lozensky was married in Warsaw, and he has seven children as 
follows: Marian, a member of the firm; John, a grocer on Fourth street, 
Leavenworth; Harry, also a member of the firm, married Minnie Roden- 
burg: Joseph, a fresco painter employed Mahlquist Decorating Com- 
pany; Frank, a partner of John in the grocery business; Florence, wife 
of Lieut. Charles Tyler, of Camp Dix, N. J., and Elizabeth, who lives at 
home. 

The Lozenskys are members of the Polish lodges of the city and con- 
nected with the Polish church St. Casimer. They are all among the best 
citizens of Leavenworth and all are engaged in business in the city. 



Earl Douglas, the progressive and enterprising proprietor of the 
Douglas Garage at Leavenworth, Kansas. He was born at Guthrie Park, 
Colorado, March 18, 1883, the son of Charles and Mary Douglas. 

Charles Douglas was born at Rockport, Missouri, and in the early 
days, was a pilot on the Missouri River. About 1879 he crossed the plains 
with an ox team and located in Colorado, where he owns a large tract of 
land and raises alfalfa and potatoes. He was well acquainted with Col. 
William H. Cody, better known as "Buffalo Bill". Charles Douglas had 
three brothers in the Federal army during the Civil War: John, Daniel 
and Levi. Another brother, Albert, lives at Rockport, Missouri. He is a 
retired farmer. 

Earl Douglas received his education in the public schools of Colorado 
and came to Leavenworth in 1896 and began work for W. G. Hesse and 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 381 

Son, and was with them for twenty-four years, leaving their employ in 
March, 1920. He then established the Douglas Garage at 320 and 323 
Cherokee street. They have a building of 48 x 120 feet in dimension and 
furnish storage as well as doing all kinds of repair work on autos. Mr. 
Douglas has three employees. He has a good business which is constantly 
growing. By his courteous and accommodating manner and sound busi- 
ness principles, he has been very successful. 

On June 15, 1907, Mr. Douglas was married to Clara Dusay, of 
Leavenworth, a daughter of John and Marie Dusay. They are of French 
descent, but have lived in Leavenworth many years. Mrs. Dusay lives 
with her daughter. 

Mr. and Mrs. Douglas have three children: Harold, John Kenneth, 
Eilene. 

Mr. Douglas is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and of 
the Court of Honor. 



Geraughty and Textor, the leading dealers in monuments in Leaven- 
worth, are located at 316-318 Cherokee Street. 

The business was established in 1866 by Patrick Geraughty and about 
1870, Thomas Quinlan was taken into partnership and, upon his death, in 
1879, the firm became Geraughty and Textor, William Textor, Sr., becom- 
ing a member of the firm. The present members of the firm are William 
L., Julius H, and Edward E. Textor. 

William Textor was a native of Cologne, Germany, but came to 
America in 1848, when twenty years of age. He first stopped at Sandusky 
Island, near Sandusky, Ohio, and, while there, learned stone cutting and 
from this drifted into carving monuments. He was an artist of exception- 
ally fine ability. From Ohio, he went to St. Louis and was foreman of 
the Wilson Monument Company, a firm employing 150 men. William 
Textor came from St. Louis to Leavenworth in 1879. He died September 
28, 1902 and is buried at Mt. Muncie. His wife was Pauline Kratsch, also 
a native of Germany. She passed away in 1901. 

The Geraughty & Textor Monument Company occupies a frontage of 
fifty feet by one hundred twenty feet deep at 316-318 Cherokee street. 
The first plant was located at 419 Seneca street, and was later moved to 
324 Cherokee street, and in 1883 moved to the present location. 

The firm handles nothing but the best grade of stone, marble and 
granite, and the business extends for a radius of one hundred miles. Most 



d&Z HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

of the best work of the community has been erected by them. They have 
a force of thirty salesmen in the field. Most of the granite used for the 
monuments is bought direct from quarries in carload shipments. This 
plant is the most modern of any in the West and all the latest appliances 
are used to make the best work. This is also the oldest firm in this line 
of business west of St. Louis, Missouri. The output of the plant has been 
more than doubled in the last twenty years. While the firm is one of the 
most progressive in the city, it is also conservative. 

The three brothers, William L., Julius H. and Edward E. Textor were 
all born in St. Louis and educated in the public schools of Leavenworth. 
William L. Textor is the designer and sculptor and is also superintendent 
of the plant and has been with the firm since 1890, serving apprenticeship 
of four years under his father. Edward Textor, the youngest of the 
three, is assistant to William Textor and also served an apprenticeship 
with the firm and has been with them for thirteen years. Prior to that 
he served six years in the U. S. Army, in the Philippines, with the rank 
of first sergeant with Company D, Fifteenth Infantry. He married Myrtle 
Lahiff of Leavenworth. 

The office and sales department is managed by Julius H. Textor. 
Prior to accepting this position in 1900, he was accountant for the Kansas 
City Southern Railway Company and was stationed at Kansas City, Mis- 
souri. Julius Textor is identified with the National and State Monument 
Dealers Association and for the past three years has been secretary- 
treasurer of the Retail Kansas Monument Dealers Association. He mar- 
ried Marie A. Burke, of Leavenworth, and they have one son, William M. 
J. Textor, aged ten years. 

The Textor men are all hustlers and have a thorough knowledge of 
the monument business in its numerous phases, which has resulted in 
their success and extensive business. 



William H. Courtney, of the Courtney Motor Company, of Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, is one of the most widely known men of the county. He 
was born in Alexandria Township, Leavenworth County, Kansas, February 
4, 1859, the son of R. E. and Narcissus (Agee) Courtney. The former was 
a native of Harrison County, Kentucky. He died in Leavenworth about 
1915 at the age of eighty-eight years. His wife lives in Leavenworth and 
is now eighty-nine years of age. R. E. Courtney came to Buchanan 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 383 

County, Missouri, from Kentucky, when thirteen years of age and lived 
there until in 1855, when he settled in Alexandria Township, Leavenworth 
County, where he entered land, improved a farm, and lived there until 
1908. The farm is now owned by his widow and son, Albert. Mr. and 
Mrs. R. E. Courtney were the parents of the following children : James F., 
Oklahoma City; Rufus, who lives on a farm in Alexandria Township; Mrs. 
Frances Moody, of Hiawatha, Kansas; William H., the subject of this 
sketch; Mrs. Anna McGee of Oklahoma City; J. E., of Lansing, Kansas; 
Thomas M., a farmer in Alexandria Township; and Albert, who lives oh 
the home place. 

William H. Courtney was educated in the common schools of the 
county and farmed until he was twenty-six years of age. He then con- 
ducted a store at Springdale for eleven years. In 1897 he was elected 
county treasurer and reelected in 1899, making five years of service. He 
was elected county assessor and served two years, after which he con- 
ducted a bank at Lansing, Kansas, for a few years. In the fall of 1913, 
he was elected sheriff of Leavenworth County and served four years. In 
April, 1921, Mr. Courtney was appointed chief of police of Leavenworth. 
Mr. Courtney has to his credit a splendid record of faithful and efficient 
service, which has been characterized by unswerving devotion to duty. 
He is one of the progressive citizens of Leavenworth County and has made 
a wide acquaintance, and, by his courteous manner and obliging methods, 
has made many friends. In 1920 Mr. Courtney established the Court- 
ney Motor Company, which is situated at 506 Delaware street, the room 
being 25 x 125 feet. He handles the Chevrolet cars and Samson tractors 
and trucks, and his business has opened very satisfactorily. 

November 6, 1885, Mr. Courtney was married to Katie Ruble, of 
High Prairie Township, a daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Ruble, who 
were early settlers of that township. Mrs. Courtney died July 26, 1895 
and is buried at Bethel Cemetery. The Courtney children are : Earl, who 
was born November 1, 1886; May; and Minnie Courtney. Earl Courtney 
was married May 23, 1911 to Anna Josephine Duffy of Leavenworth, and 
they have the following children: Evalyn Narcissus; Dorothy Irene, 
Marjory Marie and William Earl. 

Mr. Courtney is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 



384 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

W. J. Linaweaver, of Lansing, Kansas, is road overseer of Delaware 
Township, which position he has capably filled for the past six years, 
and is also a prominent farmer and dairyman. He was born in Shenan- 
doah County, Virginia, July 3, 1864, and is the son of John and Lavina 
(Richards) Linaweaver, both natives of Virginia and who are now deceased. 

W. J. Linaweaver was educated at Woodstock, Virginia. He first 
came to Leavenworth in the spring of 1883 and worked for fifty cents 
a day, with board, room and washing, for James Bauserman, who was 
an early settler of Leavenworth County, locating there in 1860. He 
died in 1884. 

In 1886 Mr. Linaweaver returned to Virginia, and, on October 17, 
1888, was married there to Elizabeth Burner, a daughter of Israel and 
Martha (Cullers) Burner, both natives of Virginia. The former died In 
1884, and Mrs. Burner is still living in Page County, Virginia, and is now 
seventy years of age. Mr. and Mrs. Linaweaver lived in Virginia for 
eight years, at the end of which time they lost their home by fire and 
also a daughter was burned to death. They then returned to Lansing, 
Kansas, and built a house and barn there, which they later sold, when 
they bought the Diger farm about two and one-half miles southwest of 
Lansing, which they still own and their son, Claude Linaweaver, operates 
a dairy on this farm. Until 1916 W. J. Linaweaver was engaged in the 
dairy business there, and made many improvements on the place. He 
built two large barns and a silo and dug two wells, besides cutting the 
brush and other minor improvements and made it a productive farm. He 
milked forty cows and also raised mules. The Linaweaver farm now has 
about fifteen acres of alfalfa. Mr. Linaweaver was the first farmer to 
raise alfalfa in that neighborhood. 

Mr. and Mrs. Linaweaver reside in South Lansing. They are the 
parents of the following children: Claude B., who married Margaret 
Smootz, of Shenandoah County. Virginia ; Pauline, the wife of Charles W. 
Zule, a farmer of McLouth, Kansas ; and Geneva Ruth, who lives at home, 
and who was graduated from high school in 1920. They had a daughter, 
Maude, who was burned to death at the age of eight years. Mr. and Mrs. 
Linaweaver have four grandchildren: Walter C, Glen L. and Carl William 
Linaweaver, and Eugene W. Zule. 

Mr. Linaweaver is a member of the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men and is one of the men who takes an active part in his lodge, also in 
the community, and is always ready to assist any movement for the de- 
velopment of the county. 



■s 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 385 

George J. Mclntire, now deceased, was a prominent farmer and stock- 
man of Leavenworth County. He was born in Chester County, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 16, 1829 and died March 16, 1885. He was educated in Penn- 
sylvania and lived there until he was twenty-one years of age, at which 
time he went to California via Cape Horn and remained on the Pacific 
coast for eight years, returning across the plains. He came to Leaven- 
worth in 1859 and engaged in carpenter work. In 1862 he and his wife 
located on a farm, two and one-half miles south of Lansing, Kansas, which 
he purchased from Mr. Stafford. This farm contains 160 acres, and Mr. 
Mclntire improved the place extensively and lived there until his death. 
He followed general farming and stock raising and was very successful. 
He also took an active part in the affairs of the county, and was commis- 
sioner of Leavenworth County for two years and for twenty-five years 
was a director of the school board of his district. 

George Mclntire was married February 11, 1862, to Caroline Palmer, 
a daughter of Harvey and Eliza (Kingsley) Palmer, who were among the 
early settlers of Delaware Township, Leavenworth County. They came 
from New York in 1859 and settled on the O. D. Gould farm. Harvey 
Palmer died in 1883 and his wife died in 1861 and both are buried at Mt. 
Muncie Cemetery. Mr. and Mrs. Palmer were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Mrs. Jennie Combs, of Kansas City, Kansas; Mrs. Mary M. 
Stevens, of Trinidad, Colorado; Mrs. George J. Mclntire and Joseph D. 
Palmer of Fruitvale, California; Kenyon Palmer, died in 1908; George 
Palmer died in 1918; Charles N., who died in California about 1905; and 
Gardner, who died about 1880 while on his way to Colorado. 

Caroline Palmer Mclntire was born in Warren County, New York, 
November, 1840, and was seventeen years of age when she came to Kan- 
sas with her parents. She is now living on the home farm which was 
purchased by her husband in 1862. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Mclntire were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Harry, who died at the age of forty-eight years and was unmarried ; 
Edward, who was born in 1865 and lives on the home farm; Willard, of 
Kansas City, Kansas; Harvey, who died in 1893, married Laura 
Kiefer of Nebraska; Charlie, who died at the age of seventeen years; 
Frank, who lives on the home place, and was born in 1874. He married 
Edith Jordan and they have two sons: Robert and Eugene; Samuel, a 
farmer, who married Dena Shaw and who lives south of Leavenworth, 
near the city limits ; and Nathan, who died in 1908 at the age of twenty- 

(21) 



386 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

three years. Besides Robert and Eugene Mclntire, Mrs. Mclntire has a 
granddaughter, Mrs. Helen Miller, living in Nebraska. 

The Mclntire brothers, Edward and Frank, farm the home place and 
their mother lives with them. The farm is well watered and otherwise 
improved and they do general farming, stock raising, feeding and are suc- 
cessful farmers and excellent people. 

Charles R. Jamieson, a well known farmer and stockman of near 
Leavenworth, Kansas, on Rural Route No. 2, was born in Leavenworth, 
April 12, 1865, the son of Peter and Susan (Stone) Jamieson. The latter 
was a native of Canada and came to Leavenworth before her marriage 
to make her home with her sister, her parents being dead. She died in 
November, 1898 and is buried at Mt. Muncie Cemetery. Peter Jamieson 
now lives at 815 Pottawatomie street, Leavenworth, and is eighty-three 
years of age. 

Mr. and Mrs. Peter Jamieson were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Charles R., the subject of this sketch; Mrs. M. J. Aaron, of Lans- 
ing, Kansas; Frank, who is deceased; Ida, who lives at home; and Fred, 
who is deceased. 

Charles R. Jamieson was educated in the public schools of Leaven- 
worth, and was engaged in the grocery business there with his father until 
he was twenty years of age, when he located on a farm. Mr. Jamieson 
owns fifty-five acres of well improved land in Delaware Township, which 
he bought in 1906. He has a good residence, which he built in 1911, and 
he built a new barn in 1920, his first barn being destroyed by lightning, 
August 11, 1920. He also has a modern poultry house and raises barred 
Plymouth Rock chickens. He also does general farming and has a two 
acre orchard. 

On October 9, 1900, Mr. Jamieson was married to Catherine Shea, a 
native of Kansas City, but who was living in Delaware Township, Leaven- 
worth County, at the time of her marriage. She is a daughter of John 
and Anna (McLaughlin) Shea, who settled in Leavenworth County, Kan- 
sas in 1880, coming from Kansas City, Missouri. They purchased 160 
acres which they improved. John Shea died in 1899 at the age of fifty- 
seven years, and is buried at Mt. Calvary Cemetery. He was a native of 
County Kerry, Ireland, and settled first at Warrensburg, Missouri, where 
he lived a few years before going to Kansas City. Anna McLaughlin was 
a native of County Wexford, Ireland, and is now living with her daughter. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 387 

Mr. and Mrs. John Shea were the parents of the following children: 
Mary Garrett, who is deceased; Mrs. Jamieson, the wife of Charles R. 
Jamieson; Elizabeth, the wife of John Griffin, of Kansas City, Missouri; 
John, who is deceased; and Ella, the wife of John Chenoweth of Wood- 
ward, Oklahoma; William and Walter of Kansas City, Missouri. Walter 
Shea served in the World War, having enlisted in Rosedale, Kansas, in 
the 117th Ammunition Train of the Rainbow Division. He was made a 
corporal shortly after his enlistment. He was gassed at Chateau Thierry 
and was returned as a casual to a hospital at Des Moines, Iowa. He was 
discharged at Ft. Riley, in 1919, and now lives in Kansas City, Missouri. 

Mr. Jamieson is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and 
of the Fraternal Aid. 



L. D. and F. P. Harris are prosperous farmers and respected citizens 
of Delaware Township. They are sons of David P. Harris, deceased, who 
was born in Nashville, Tennessee, in 1807, and, when fifteen years of age, 
his parents moved to Sangamon, Illinois, and, while there, made the ac- 
quaintance of President Lincoln. He lived there when Springfield, Illinois 
was laid out, and was married in Springfield to Mary Nelson. They moved 
to Texas, where they remained for a short time, then went to Polk County, 
Missouri and lived for twenty-four years. He came to Leavenworth 
County in 1865, and, in 1866, moved to the farm where his two sons, 
L. D. and F. P. Harris now live and own. David P. Harris died March 11, 
1885 on his home place and is buried in Delaware Cemetery. His wife 
was born in 1810 in Nashville, Tennessee. She died January 21, 1902, 
and is also buried in Delaware Cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. David P. Harris were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Mrs. Harriet Peak died when eighty years of age; William Harris 
went to California in 1852 and died there about 1875; George W., of 
Wichita, Kansas, who is eighty-three years of age; Mary Jane married 
John Flint and died about 1905; Sarah married Ezekiel Flint and died in 
1918 (both John and Ezekiel Flint were in the Eighth Missouri cavalry 
of the Union Army) ; Early, who lives at the National Military Home, and 
is seventy years of age, was with General Custer on the plains in 1868 ; 
Martha, the wife of Henry Hopkins, of Kansas City, Missouri; C. C, a 
guard at the Federal Prison ; L. D. and F. P. of this sketch. 

L. D. and F. P. Harris were educated in the public schools of Leaven- 
worth and the district schools of Delaware Township. They have made 



388 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

their home here continuously for fifty-six years and are well known. They 
own 180 acres of good land, eighty acres of it being the old home place. 
The improvements were put on the farm by them. They do general farm- 
ing and raise cattle, horses and hogs. 

F. P. Harris was married in 1892 to Emma Neudeck, a daughter of 
Leopole Neudeck, of Kansas City, Kansas, and who is now eighty-four 
years of age. His wife was Teresa Eckel, a native of Pennsylvania. She 
died August 6, 1916. Emma Neudeck was born in LaSalle County, Illi- 
nois, July 24, 1862. 

Mr. and Mrs. F. P. Harris have two sons: Edwin M., was born May 
15, 1894, and served in the World War, having enlisted in Company E at 
Leavenworth, the 139th Infantry, 35th Division, in August 2, 1917. He 
was in service for twenty months, one year and four days of this time 
being spent overseas. He was in the following battles: Grand Ballou, 
Wesserling sector, Verdun sector, St. Mihiel offensive and Argonne-Exer- 
mont. On April 14, 1919, he was discharged at Camp Funston and is now 
in Logan County, Kansas, engaged in farming. He is a member of the 
Modern Woodman of America. The other son of Mr. and Mrs. Harris is 
Herbert B., who was born February 20, 1900, and now lives with his 
parents. 

Mr. F. P. Harris is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons and the Royal Neighbors. 



Benjamin B. Buchanan is the progressive proprietor of Fairview 
Farm, one of the best farms in this section. He was born at Kickapoo 
Island, Kickapoo Township, December 31, 1881, and is the son of George 
and Elizabeth (Patterson) Buchanan. She died in 1886. George Buchanan 
now lives in Stringer Township. He came to Kansas in 1854 and settled 
on Kickapoo Island, where he lived until about 1900 and then moved to 
Stranger Township, where he now resides. He is eighty-four years of 
age. He worked for the United States government during the Civil War, 
and crossed the plains to New Mexico several times. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Buchanan are the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Mrs. Elizabeth Whitlock, who is deceased; L. C, of Delaware 
Township; Florida Buchanan, at home; Benjamin, the subject of this 
sketch; George, a farmer in Stranger Township; and Helen, the wife of 
Ben Cleavenger, of Stranger Township. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 389 

Benjamin Buchanan was educated in the public schools of Kickapoo 
Township and since early manhood has been engaged in farming. He 
bought his present farm in 1908 from L. B. Wheat and the entire farm 
of 160 acres was originally an apple orchard, belonging to Mr. Wellboure. 
All of the improvements have been put on the place by Mr. Buchanan. He 
has a modern, seven room residence, a barn 30 x 40 feet in dimension, and 
other farm buildings. All the buildings are neatly painted and well kept. 
The home is very attractive and is situated three-fourths of a mile from 
the town of Fairmont. For the past ten years, Mr. Buchanan has been 
engaged in raising wheat extensively. He uses a tractor for plowing, 
harrowing, seeding and harvesting. He bought the first Fordson tractor 
used in this township, and is now using his second tractor. The place is 
favorably located and well watered. Mrs. Buchanan raises white Leghorn 
chickens and does her part in the work and management of their fine 
home. 

Benjamin Buchanan was married January 6, 1916 to Alice Cleavinger 
of Kickapoo Township, a daughter of Joseph and Hattie (Edwards) Cleav- 
inger. Her parents reside on a farm in Kickapoo Township, on the farm 
where Hattie Edwards, a daughter of Benjamin F. Edwards, was born in 
1858. Joseph Cleavinger was born in 1857 and lived in Jefferson County 
for some years, later returning to this county. Mr. and Mrs. Joseph 
Cleavinger are the parents of the following children: Miss Bettie Cleav- 
inger; A. B., of Stranger Township; Mrs. Buchanan; Mrs. Ben Highfill, of 
Potter, Kansas; Miss Hattie Cleavinger; Joseph A., of Lowemont, Kan- 
sas; Miss Jane Cleavinger and Eugene, who lives at home. 

Mr. and Mrs. Buchanan have a daughter Evelyn. 

Mr. Buchanan is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America of 
Fairmont. 



Henry J. Lohman, a prosperous farmer of Delaware Township, was 
born in Hanover, Germany, May 22, 1848. He is the son of Henry J., 
Sr., and Phoebe (Monnich) Lohman, who came from Germany to New 
Orleans, afterward settling in Switzerland County, Indiana, where they 
both died, he at the age of sixty-three years and she at the age of fifty- 
nine years. 

Henry J. Lohman came to Leavenworth County, Kansas, from Peoria, 
Illinois, many years ago, and worked by the month on farms for $22.00 



390 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

per month, which was considered good wages for that time. In a short 
time, he began renting places, but after a few months bought eighty acres 
from Thomas P. Fowlon for $25.00 per acre, where he now lives. Mr. 
Lohman has added all improvements and he has a good house, barn, fenc- 
ing, good water, etc. He formerly owned two hundred acres more, but 
has sold off all except about eighty acres. 

Mr. Lohman was married the first time to Clara A. Atkinson, in 
January, 1872. She died in 1892. They had the following children: 
Freely, of Stafford, Kansas; H. J., Jr., of Leavenworth, who is manager 
of the Planters Hotel ; William, of Preston, Idaho ; Mabel, wife of J. Bert 
Barr, of Dallas, Texas ; and George, of Sparks, Nevada. 

George Lohman was in the United States army and had about two 
years service in the World War, and during which time, he was at the 
front for thirty days under fire. 

Mr. Lohman was married the second time to Rebecca A. Cleavinger, 
who had been a teacher in Leavenworth County for twenty years. She 
died July 13, 1898, at the age of forty-one years and ten months. They 
had a daughter Marcia, who died December 12, 1918. 

December 24, 1900, Mr. Lohman married his present wife, who was 
Flora Athey of Leavenworth County. She was born at Brazil, Indiana. 
They have four sons, as follows: Donald, Jack, Winfred and Rene. 

Mr. Lohman and family are highly respected citizens. Mr. Lohman 
was road overseer for nineteen years in district No. 6. 



Lon Rush is the widely known township trustee of Delaware Town- 
ship, and a successful farmer. He lives on Route 6 from Leavenworth, 
Kansas, four miles southwest of Lansing. He was born in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri, March 24, 1879, the son of Oscar P. and Antomo Falbrock Rush; 
his father was born in Rushville, Indiana, the town being named for the 
Rush family. He came to Leavenworth shortly after the Civil War, and 
was shipping clerk for Ruch and Sprague Milling Company, now known 
as the Leavenworth Milling Company. He died in 1904 and his wife died 
in 1897. Both are buried in Mt. Muncie cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Rush were the parents of the following children : 
Fannie, of Chicago, Illinois; Lon, the subject of this sketch; Oscar, of 
Kansas City, Missouri, and Leona of Kansas City, Kansas. 

Lon Rush was educated in the Leavenworth schools, and followed 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 391 

railroading for ten years, when, in 1903, he lost his right leg in a railroad 
wreck, the engine turning over upon him, he was forced to leave that voca- 
tion. He then purchased his present home in 1910, a farm containing 
130 acres, and has been engaged in farming since that time. This farm 
was known as the Carruthers farm. Mr. Rush does general farming and 
stock raising and is an enterprising farmer, and respected citizen. 

Mr. Rush was elected township trustee in 1916 and re-elected in 1918 
and again in 1920. 

H. D. Rush, an uncle of Lon Rush, now deceased, and who is buried 
at Rushville, Indiana, was president of the Home Riverside Coal Mining 
Company of Leavenworth and owner of the Rush and Sprague Milling 
Company for a number of years and was prominent among the business 
interests of Leavenworth. 



James F. Timberlake, who followed farming successfully in Delaware 
Township for twenty years, and who now lives in Lansing, Kansas, was 
born in Platte County, Missouri, January 23, 1851, the son of James H. and 
Lavina Timberlake, who were married near St. Louis. James H. Timber- 
lake came from Kentucky and settled in Platte County, Missouri, at the 
time of the Platte Purchase. In 1858, he located in Brown County, Kansas 
and lived there until 1881, when he moved to Lansing, Kansas, and bought 
five acres of land and built the residence now owned by James F. Timber- 
lake. He died May, 1889, at the age of seventy-six years, and his wife 
died in 1880. 

Mr. and Mrs. James H. Timberlake were the parents of the following 
children : Mrs. Florentine Blake, of Franklin County, Kansas ; Mrs. Ellen 
Osborne, of Thayer, Neosho County, Kansas; Mrs. Valena S., of Merritt, 
Kansas ; S. B., who is deceased ; and Martha J. Witham, also deceased. 

. James F. Timberlake, the fourth of the family, was educated in the 
Brown County, Kansas, public schools. In 1865, he made a trip across 
the plains to Denver, Colorado, driving seven yoke of cattle, and with 
wagons loaded with flour, and, the next year, he drove from Leavenworth 
to Salt Lake City. On these trips, he had many interesting experiences. 

Mr. Timberlake moved to his present home in 1907. He has filled the 
office of trustee of Delaware Township and for the past ten years has been 
committeeman of Delaware Township. He is well known and highly 
respected citizen. 



392 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

In 1887, Mr. Timberlake was married to Kate Digger, who died De- 
cember 22, 1907. He married his present wife April 17, 1913. She was 
Mrs. Anna J. (Myers) Parks, a native of Richmond, Kentucky, and she 
and her first husband, G. B. Parks, located at Ft. Scott, Kansas about 1886, 
where he died in May, 1907. Mrs. Timberlake has four children by her 
first marriage : William H., of Waynoka, Oklahoma ; Myers Parks, of Con- 
cordia, Kansas ; Jennie Babb, of Forgan, Oklahoma ; and G. B. Parks, who 
was sergeant in the United States army with Company C, Tenth Field 
Battery Signal Corps during the World War. He enlisted in June, 1917, 
from Topeka, and was two years in service, and overseas one year. He 
resigned an excellent position to assist his country in the late war. He 
was married August, 1920, to Verne Brooks, of Bonner Springs, Kansas, 
and he is now employed as general relief agent over the eastern division 
of the Santa Fe Railway Company, and lives at Emporia, Kansas. 



George E. Carr, assessor of Delaware Township, was born in Putnam 
County, Indiana, August 31, 1858. He is the son of William H. and 
Margaret M. (Busick) Carr. 

William H. Carr settled in Putnam County at the age of seven years, 
being a native of Clermont County, Ohio. He lived in Putman County 
on a farm until 1882. when he and wife moved to Kansas and located at 
Council Grove, where he died in 1914. His wife died in 1906. The fol- 
lowing children were born to them: Albert F., of Lansing, Kansas; John 
W., who died when thirteen years of age; Sarah J., who died in childhood; 
George E., the subject of this sketch; Mary M., the wife of J. H. Athey, 
of Brazil, Indiana; William E., of Council Grove, Kansas; Elizabeth E., 
deceased, who was the wife of J. M. Barber; Addie Miller, wife of Julius 
Miller, deceased; C. L., of Kansas City, Missouri, and Arthur E., of Coun- 
cil Grove. 

George E. Carr was educated in the common schools of Indiana, and 
followed carpenter work and farming in that state until 1882, when he 
came to Kansas. He farmed for four years near Council Grove, after 
which he was with the Missouri Pacific as a locomotive fireman for about 
six years. He conducted a cafe for two years in Council Grove, and on 
April 23, 1894, he located in Lansing, where he was engaged in contract- 
ing and carpentering. He worked both in the city and country and built 
many residences. He was deputy sheriff under Sheriff Thomas Larkin 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 393 

for two years and four years under Sheriff W. H. Courtney. For the past 
four years he has been assessor of Delaware Township, which includes 
the city of Lansing. In addition to his official duties Mr. Carr writes fire 
and tornado insurance. 

Mr. Carr was married November 12, 1876 to Mary P. Athey, a native 
of Putnam County, Indiana, and daughter of H. H. and Mary J. (Myers) 
Athey, the latter a native of Virginia, and the former a native of Ken- 
tucky, but moved to Putnam County when five years of age, in the early 
days when Indians were still in that part of the country. His father, 
James Athey, was a successful horseman of Kentucky, and brought fine 
stock with him to Indiana. 

H. H. and Mary Athey died in Putnam County, Indiana. The Athey 
children are: James H., Brazil, Indiana, who married a sister of George 
E. Carr; Mrs. Carr; Lucinda M., who died at the age of four years; 
Lawrence H., of Greencastle, Indiana; Nancy Elizabeth, of Greencastle; 
William D., of Singer, California (the two last named being twins) ; Sarah 
Frances, who died in infancy ; Isadora, who died at the age of eleven years ; 
Robert Milton, of Terre Haute, Indiana, and Flora M., wife of H. J. Loh- 
man, of Lansing, Kansas. 

George E. Carr was one of the first members of his family to leave 
Indiana. He and his wife drove in a covered wagon from Putnam County, 
Indiana, to Council Grove, Kansas. They were one of seven teams in a 
train, making the trip in thirty-five days. 



Richard Cogan, a well known dairyman of Lansing, Kansas, is a 
native of this state, born at Leavenworth in 1869, the son of William and 
Ellen E. (Bassett) Cogan. His mother was a native of England and his 
father was born in Ohio. The latter owned slaves in Louisiana prior to 
the Civil War. He came to Leavenworth in 1865. He drove an ambulance 
wagon during the war. For a number of years he conducted a dairy at 
Lansing and furnished milk to the state prison, prior to the purchase of 
the dairy herd by the state. He died about the year 1884 and his wife died 
in 1902. They are buried at Mt. Calvary Cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Cogan were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: John, of Atchison, Kansas; Thomas, of Commanche, Oklahoma; 
Richard, of this sketch; William, of Leavenworth; and Ella, the wife of 
Edgar Matthews, of Berkeley, California. 

Richard Cogan received his education in District No. 10 of Mt. Muncie 
and also the Catholic School under Father Downey. He enlisted in the 



394 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Spanish-American War and was sent to the Philippine Islands with the 
Twentieth United States Infantry, and saw one year's service, during 
which time he went around the world. 

Upon his return from the war he worked for ten years in the dairy 
of Mr. Phillips on the farm which he now leases. This is a farm of 
seventy-two and one-half acres, one mile east of Lansing. 

Mr. Cogan has fifteen head of cows, and besides the dairying activities 
he also raises hogs. 

In 1905 Mr. Cogan was married to Venitia E. Patty, a daughter of 
Thomas E. and Julia A. (Smith) Patty, both deceased. Mrs. Cogan was 
born in Kansas City, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cogan have two sons: Gail E., who was born April 3, 
1906 and Cleo J., who was born February 11, 1908. The family are sub- 
stantial and well liked citizens of the community. Mr. Cogan is a member 
of the Modern Woodmen of America. 



Robert L. Seymour, a prominent and well-known farmer of High Prai- 
rie Township, is a native of Kansas, and was born in Kickapoo Township, 
Leavenworth County, January 2, 1863, the son of G. W. and Susan (Gann) 
Seymour, both now deceased. 

G. W. Seymour was born in Virginia and came to Missouri, via Mis- 
souri River, with the earliest settlers and located in Buchanan County. 
During the Civil War he drove from Ft. Leavenworth to Mexico, return- 
ing across the plains. On his last trip he was attacked by Indians, losing 
much of his property. Due to a bank failure, he also lost his money. In 
1865, he settled on a farm in High Prairie Township, Kansas, and bought 
fifty acres, known as the government corral, where the government kept 
their horses and mules which were used in transportation. He later bought 
thirty acres more, and at another time forty acres, and made his home 
on this place until he died in 1895, at the age of eighty-two years. His 
wife died in February, 1904, and both are buried at Little Stranger 
cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Seymour were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Mrs. Margaret Ettinger, of St. Louis, Missouri; Samuel A., of 
Boling, Kansas; Mrs. Anna Ettinger, of Lansing, Kansas; George, of 
Amarilla, Texas ; William A., of Leavenworth ; A. J., of Kansas City, Mis- 
souri ; and Robert L., the subject of this sketch. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 395 

Robert L. Seymour was educated at the Faulkner school, and has made 
his home on the farm at Boling for the past fifty-two years. He also owns 
the 120 acres of the home place at Boling. Mr. Seymour does general 
farming and raises mules and horses, also feeds hogs extensively. He is 
one of the substantial citizens of his township and has many friends. 

R. L. Seymour and father conducted the first store in Boling, Kansas, 
which was sold in 1907. This store was burned and rebuilt by Mr. Sey- 
mour. Besides owning and operating the store, he was also postmaster, 
succeeding his father who held this position for about twenty years. Mr. 
Seymour's activities also extended to township affairs, and he served for 
ten years as constable, and for eight years as clerk. 

In July 5, 1902, Mr. Seymour was married to Edna Pulley, a daughter 
of W. D. and Mary (Cooper) Pulley. W. D. Pulley was born in Nodaway 
County, Missouri, and now lives in High Prairie Township. His wife was 
born in Platte County, Missouri, July 20, 1842, and died December 23, 
1920, and is buried at Mt. Muncie. Mr. and Mrs. Pulley were the parents 
of the following children: Jennie, who lives at home; Jesse B., of Lex- 
ington, Missouri; Mrs. Elizabeth Norris, of Kansas City, Missouri; Mrs. 
Fannie Newton, of Linneus, Missouri; Mrs. Seymour, the wife of Robert 
L. Seymour; Grundy Pulley, of Simonton, Texas, and Bruce Pulley, who' 
lives at home. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Seymour have two children: Doris E. and 
Robert Lee. 

Mr. Seymour is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, and 
Mrs. Seymour is a member of the Royal Neighbors. 

Samuel Seymour, a brother of R. L. Seymour, makes his home with 
the latter. He is now seventy-two years of age. When eleven years old, 
he drove six yoke of oxen to Sale Lake, across the plains. John Carr, of 
Kickapoo Township was wagonboss. Samuel Seymour has devoted thirty 
years or more of his time in the West, and has had many interesting 
experiences. 



T. J. Chesnut is the enterprising proprietor and owner of Elm Grove 
Farm, which is located in Delaware Township, two and three-fourths miles 
southwest of Lansing, Kansas. He was born in Saline County, Missouri, 
August 29, 1870, and is the son of L. and Mary (Coffman) Chestnut. They 
moved to Richardson County, Nebraska, in 1881, where he died near Fall 



396 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

City in 1899. Mrs. Chesnut is now living at Fall City, Nebraska. L. Ches- 
nut was in the Civil War, a veteran from Missouri, and served two years. 
To Mr. and Mrs. L. Chesnut were born the following children : Mrs. Dora 
Weddel, of Laselle, Colorado; Mrs. Bettie Weddel, deceased; T. J., the 
subject of this sketch; James, of Preston, Nebraska; Lesel, of Brown 
County, Kansas; Mrs. Minnie Joy, of Brown County, Kansas; Charles, of 
Fall City, Nebraska, and Roy, of Brown County, Kansas. 

T. J. Chestnut was educated in Salem, Nebraska, and was engaged in, 
farming there and came to Leavenworth County in May, 1901, and lived 
near Lansing. He bought his present home in 1916, from W. J. Line- 
weaver. Mr. Chesnut has improved the farm, rebuilt the house, built new 
granary and cow barn. He has eighty acres of excellent land, and a good 
cistern with running water. Mr. Chesnut does general farming, operates 
a dairy, and raises stock. He and his wife are hustlers and are very suc- 
cessful. Mr. Chesnut has eleven acres of alfalfa land, which has been 
cut four times each year for the last two years. 

Mr. Chesnut was married in 1892 to Hattie Jenning, who died in 1910, 
and is buried in Delaware cemetery. They had two daughters: Mrs. 
Ethel Watson, of Kansas City, Kansas, and Pearl, who lives at home. He 
married his presen twife November 6, 1911. She was Mrs. Flora Watson 
of Tarkio, Missouri. She has three children : Mrs. Lizzie Chiles, of Ard- 
more, Oklahoma; Vernon Watson, and John, at home. 

Mr. Chesnut is a member of the Modem Woodmen of America, of 
Lansing, Kansas. 



Charles Edmonds, a thrifty and successful farmer, who lives in Dela- 
ware Township, is a native of Monmouthshire, England, and was born 
October 18, 1846, the son of Thomas and Mary (Vaughn) Edmonds. The 
family came to Wisconsin from England in 1848, locating in Chicago, 
where they lived for five years, coming to Kansas in 1859. They settled 
near Oskaloosa, Kansas, two years later, afterward moving north of 
McLouth, Jefferson County. Thomas Edmonds died January 19, 1869, at 
the age of fifty-seven years, and his wife died December 24, 1887. Both 
are buried at Fowler cemetery. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Edmonds are the 
parents of the following children : Thomas Edmonds, of McLouth, Kansas ; 
Matt, who died in 1914, and who served in the legislature one term as rep- 
resentative and four years as senator, of Jefferson County ; Amos, who was 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 397 

born August 2, 1842, and who died in Jefferson County in 1912 ; John B. 
who was born in England, September 8, 1844, and died in Kansas City, Mis- 
souri, February, 1918; Charles, of this sketch; Mrs. Rachel Rumbaugh, 
who was born in England and died in Jefferson County ; Albert, who was 
born in Chicago, Illinois, and now lives at McLouth, Kansas; Mrs. Mary 
Shepherd, of Lansing, Kansas, and David, a banker of McLouth, Kansas. 

Charles Edmonds received his education in the public schools of Jef- 
ferson County, and, at the age of twenty-three years, began farming for 
himself in Jefferson County. He purchased a 240-acre farm and improved 
it. He lived there for thirty-four years and sold it in 1906 and came to 
Leavenworth County, where he bought 240 acres, which he sold in 1914. 
He then bought his present home of thirty-three acres in Delaware Town- 
ship, one mile from the city limits of Leavenworth. He has a nice resi- 
dence on this place, which is modern, and the land is second bottom and 
very fertile. Mr. Edmonds understands farming thoroughly and has made 
a success in life by hard work and careful management. 

December 31, 1872, Mr. Edmonds was married in Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, to Louisa Sinclair, a daughter of Robert and Elinor (Henshaw) Sin- 
clair. Mr. and Mrs. Edmonds have had nine children, as follows : Edward, 
who died in 1905, at the age of thirty-one years ; Fred, of Topeka, Kansas ; 
Albert, of Leavenworth ; Effie and Elva, who live at home ; Otto, of Kansas 
City, Missouri, and who was in the United States Army during the World 
War, and was stationed at Camp Funston when the armistice was signed ; 
Matt, a farmer of Lansing, Kansas ; Oliver, of Alexandria Township, who 
is a farmer; and Paul, who lives at home. Paul Edmonds served six 
months at Camp Funston during the World War and was with the heavy 
artillery, Battery F, Twenty-eighth Field Artillery. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edmonds have eight grandchildren; Vesta, Elsie, Dale, 
Orville, Charles, Howard, Wilber and Albert Edmonds. 



R. F. Faulkner, a well-known and progressive farmer and stock raiser 
of Leavenworth County, was born on the farm where he now lives in. 
High Prairie Township, southwest of Leavenworth, February 8, 1866. He 
is the son of John K. and Margaret (Stearns) Faulkner, who are both 
deceased. 

John K. Faulkner was born near Morgantown, West Virginia, and 
came to Platte County, Missouri, when a young man and worked for a 



398 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

merchant at Farley, Missouri. He later was in the mercantile business 
for himself. He came to Leavenworth County in March, 1861. Mr. Faulk- 
ner made a number of trips across the plains from Fort Leavenworth to 
Santa Fe, New Mexico, and Salt Lake City for the government, going by 
way of ox team route. John Faulkner was a Democrat, and served three 
terms in the House of Representatives. His father, J. F. Faulkner, was 
Alexander Faulkner, who was born on the ocean, while his parents were 
coming to America. Alexander Faulkner's father, Thomas Faulkner, was 
a native of Ireland, and a pioneer of Virginia. John Faulkner died in 1900 
at the age of seventy-four years, and his wife died December 25, 1915, 
being seventy-eight years of age. Both are buried at Greenwood Cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. John Faulkner were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : William, a farmer of High Prairie Township ; Charlie, of Guthrie, 
Oklahoma ; Clarence, of Kansas City, Kansas ; James, of Lansing, Kansas ; 
and R. F., the subject of this sketch. 

R. F. Faulkner was educated in the public schools of his township, 
and has lived on the home farm all his life. He has 200 acres of well- 
improved land, eight miles southwest of Leavenworth, on the Lawrence 
road. He has a good residence and barn. He does general farming and 
stock raising and raises Shorthorn cattle, and is one of the most success- 
ful farmers of the community. 

Mr. Faulkner was married October 30, 1895, to Josephine Sanders, a 
daughter of John and Nettie (Ewing) Sanders. The former died in 1895 
in Stranger Township, his home, and Nettie Sanders is now living in 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Faulkner have one son, Howard, who was born May 8, 
1898. He was educated in the public schools, and was graduated from 
the Leavenworth high school. During the war, he enlisted April 9, 1917, 
and shortly afterward was made a sergeant in Company E, One Hundred 
and Thirty-ninth Infantry. He was sent to Fort Sill, Oklahoma for six 
months, and transferred to the Thirty-ninth division. In May, 1918, he 
was sent overseas, and was left two months in England under quarantine. 
He then went to France and was transferred to the Fifth Army Corps 
headquarters troops. He was a clerk in the message center of the Fifth 
Army Corps headquarters troops. In April, 1919, he returned to the 
United States, after one year's service in Europe. He now lives with his 
parents. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 399 

R. F. Faulkner is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, and 
has served as democratic committeeman for several years, being one of 
the prominent Democrats of the county. 



Robert L. Leeman, a substantial citizen of High Prairie Township, 
and who is a well-known farmer and stock raiser, was born near Jarbalo, 
in High Prairie Township, Leavenworth County, Kansas, August 4, 1875. 
He is the son of Lewis G. and Charlotte (Edlin) Leeman ; the father was 
born in Kentucky, May 20, 1837, and came to Leavenworth County in 1857 
and settled near Jarbalo. He worked for the government and crossed the 
plains a number of times, driving mules and cattle to Ft. Laramie, Wyo- 
ming, and, on one trip, the party was attacked by Indians, and several 
men were killed. Lewis Leeman was sergeant during the Civil War, with 
company six in the Kansas State Militia. He also had two brothers, Jacob 
and Thomas, who served in the same company; the former died February 
9, 1920, at the home of his nephew, Robert Leeman. He had made his 
home in this township since the Civil War. His brother Thomas is now 
living at Lawrence, Kansas, and is eighty-five years of age. Until recently 
he lived in High Prairie Township. Lewis G. Leeman died November 10, 
1906, and his wife, who was born in Kentucky, February 26, 1852, died 
June 20, 1912. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lewis G. Leeman were the parents of the following 
children : Robert L., of this sketch ; Mrs. Rosa Norris, of Jarbalo, Kansas ; 
William, a merchant police of Leavenworth; Ed, a barber of Leaven- 
worth; Mrs. Mattie Bott, of Springdale, Kansas; and Mrs. Myrtle Geop- 
hart, of Perry, Kansas. 

Robert Leeman was educated in the public schools of this township 
and has been engaged in farming practically all of his life. In 1904 Mr. 
Leeman bought his present farm. It is situated ten miles southwest of 
Leavenworth on the Lawrence road. He has ninety-one and one-half 
acres of good land, and a comfortable house, and other improvements. He 
does general farming and stock raising. 

June 9, 1903, Robert Leeman was married to May Plummer, a native 
of High Prairie Township and daughter of Peter J. and Elizabeth (Lewis) 
Plummer, who now live at Topeka, Kansas. Peter Plummer was with the, 
Union Pacific Railway Company for eighteen years, and farmer near Perry 
for several years. Both Mr. and Mrs. Plummer are of pioneer families of 



400 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Kansas. They are the parents of the following children: Mrs. May Lee- 
man; James, who married Myrtle Whaley, and is a farmer near Perry, 
Kansas ; Loren L., a student in the high school at Topeka ; and Emery M., 
who was in the World War. He enlisted at Salt Lake City in the summer 
of 1917 with the One Hundred and Fofty-eighth Field Artillery and was 
sent to Camp Mills and Camp Merritt, New Jersey. He was sent to 
France February, 1918, and returned July, 1919, during which time he 
served six months with the army of occupation in Germany. He is now a 
surveyor in the employ of the government and is located at Salt Lake 
City. He married Josephine Behring of Wyoming. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert Leeman have had two children : Ferol, who died 
at the age of sixteen months; and Freda, aged twelve years, who is a 
junior in the high school at Topeka, Kansas. 



John Milton Gilman, deceased, took an active interest in the public 
affairs of this county and had many warm friends. He was born at Lan- 
sing, Kansas, March 2, 1862, and was the son of John Gilman, a pioneer 
of Leavenworth County, who settled here in 1857, coming from Canada. 
John Gilman was born April 30, 1830, of English parentage, arid was 
married in Canada to Esther Harvey, a teacher there, and who afterward 
taught in Kansas. John Gilman was a truck gardener and also did car- 
penter work. He died in 1870, and his widow later married L. A. Stone 
and they now live in Emporia, Kansas. 

John Milton Gilman received a good education, attending the public 
schools and Baker University. For nineteen years he taught in Kansas 
and was principal of the Baldwin city schools for one year. While prin- 
cipal of the Lansing schools in 1902, he was elected county superintendent 
of public instruction, and was reelected in 1904. He owned 231 acres of 
land in High Prairie Township, and his greatest work was from 1901 to 
1915, when he conducted an experimental farm on his home place, under 
the supervision of both state and national governments. His experiments 
were conducted along the line of raising grain and vegetables, and eighty 
acres were devoted to this work. He made displays at the state and inter- 
state fairs, and, at one time, showed 680 different varieties of farm 
produce. His sons have many interesting photographs of the displays 
made at different times and places. 

Mr. Gilman was not only successful and active in a business way, but 




JOHN M. OILMAN 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 401 

during the course of his career he has always given public affairs thought- 
ful consideration and a good citizen's attention. He was elected to the 
House of Representatives in 1912, re-elected in 1914, 1916, 1918 and 1920 
and was serving his fifth term at the time of his death, November 20, 19201 
He was also superintendent of State Free Employment Bureau at the 
time of his death. He is buried in High Prairie Cemetery. 

February 12, 1882 Mr. Gilman was married to Eva Louisa Stone. 
Mrs. Gilman died February 24, 1919. They had ten children: Louis M., 
who is owner of a cattle ranch in Montana; a daughter, who died in in- 
fancy; Ray Edwin, a professor of mathematics at Brown University in 
Rhode Island; John LeRoy, deceased; Ralph, an electrical engineer at 
Norris, Montana; Paul Everett, who lives on the home farm; Eva, the 
wife of Louis A. Hermann, of Butte, Montana; Myron E. and Ivan E., on 
the home farm ; and Martha, deceased. 

Paul, Myron E. and Ivan E. Gilman are operating the home farm of 
232 acres, which they own. They followed corn breeding for several 
years, winning several premiums in both state and national contests, hav- 
ing many medals to show for their work. 

During the late World War, Ray E. Gilman was captain in the Coast 
Artillery, stationed at Fortress Monroe, Great Lakes and different places, 
and was at Fort Totten when the war closed. He specialized in gun range 
and findings and was an instructor in that line. He was with the first 
officers' training school and served until the war closed. He now lives 
at Providence, Rhode Island. 

Ralph A. Gilman enlisted in the Engineer Corps in Montana during 
the war, and served at Vancouver Barracks and owing to suffering from 
rheumatism was discharged after a service of one year. 

Paul E. Gilman enlisted at Leavenworth, October, 1918, in the voca- 
tional training school at Lawrence, where he was at the time the armistice 
was signed. 

The Gilman farm is eight miles southwest of Leavenworth and the 
three brothers are engaged in stock and grain business, feeding cattle 
and hogs. 



The Victor Manufacturing Company is one of Leavenworth's impor- 
tant industries, and is located at Pennsylvania and Lawrence avenues. It 
was orgaized by F. J. Tallant and E. V. Allen, and began business in Hia- 
watha, Kansas, in 1905, in a very modest way, but soon realizing the need 

(22) 



402 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

of better shipping facilities the business was moved to Leavenworth in the 
fall of 1906 and the present plant, including nearly two acres of ground, 
was purchased. It has since been improved in many way and the addition 
of much labor-saving machinery thus increasing production greatly, mak- 
ing it one of the leading businesses in the industry. 

The principle business is the manufacture of the wonderful Wonder 
Washer, a machine of great effectiveness, yet of simple mechanisms. It 
is adapted for use by hand, or water power, also gas or gasoline and elec- 
tricity, and readily produces clean clothes in one-third of the time required 
by its nearest competitors. Its process combines the special features of 
suction; stirring; squeezing and a slight rubbing. In other makes of 
washing machines only one of these processes can be used but the Wonder 
Washer uses all at the same time. 

The product of The Victor Manufacturing Company is shipped to all 
parts of the United States and to many foreign countries indicating the 
importance and popularity of this machine. The machines are sold to 
dealers through salesmen and they have employed as many as eighteen 
salesmen on the road at one time. The name of Leavenworth is thus car- 
ried into all points of the compass by a wide distribution. 

The present company was incorporated under the laws of Kansas in 
1908 and again in 1917 when the capital was increased to $100,000.00. Mr. 
F. J. Tallant is president. Mr. John M. Topper is secretary and treasurer. 
The directors are principally members of these two families and the stock 
is principally owned by them. The business has developed gradually but 
constantly from the earnings of the business until it has reached its pres- 
ent stage. The buildings of the company are brick, four stories in height 
and are surrounded by spacious lawns. 

Mr. F. J. Tallant takes a great interest in all the welfare of the city, 
was for a number of years president of the Leavenworth Y. M. C. A. and 
is still a director of that organization, and is ever ready to devote his time 
and money to the advancement of this institution. He is married and has 
besides his wife one daughter Ruth, a student in the Leavenworth High 
School. He resides at 1105 South Broadway. 

Mr. John M. Topper also takes a great interest in local affairs, being 
a live member of the Rotary Club. He is married, having a wife and 
three children. Mr. Topper also takes an active part in the Abdallah 
Shrine. He resides at 1328 South Broadway. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 403 

Gus A. Brown is the dependable and well-known superintendent of the 
Leavenworth County Hospital. He was born in Atchison County, near 
Potter, Kansas, June 13, 1880, and is the son of Felix C. Brown, who came 
from Buchanan County, Missouri, about 1879, and who now operates a 
private sanitarium at Quincy and Madison streets of this city. 

Gus Brown received his education in the public schools in Leaven- 
worth, and prior to accepting his present position, he helped his father in 
his sanitarium. 

On May 3, 1911, Mr. Brown was married to Anna Kempton, of Leaven- 
worth, who was born at Kickapoo, and a daughter of Jacob and Magdalene 
(Staiger) Kemptor, the former being deceased, and Mrs. Kemptor now 
living at 504 North Broadway, Leavenworth. Mrs. Brown was also edu- 
cated in the schools of this city. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have one daughter, 
Dorothy Ann, who is seven years of age. 

Mr. Brown is well fitted for the position which he holds. Both he and 
Mrs. Brown are adepts at managing the home, and they handle the inmates 
under their care with skill. The place is kept clean, the inmates are well 
fed, and everything possible is done for their comfort. The hospital is 
located at Broadway and Reese streets, and has two buildings, one for the 
insane and one for the county poor. At present, there are sixty-eight 
inmates of all ages. This home also cares for incorrigible juveniles until 
they are sent to houses of correction. 

Mr. Brown is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
of the Fraternal Order of Eagles. He has many friends and is well liked 
by all in Leavenworth and community. 



John Milton Cory, now living near the Country Club of Lansing, Kan- 
sas, is one of the pioneers of Leavenworth County, and for many years 
was engaged in farming. He was born in Hancock, Virginia, now West 
Virginia, in July 10, 1861, and is the son of Jonathan Davis and Clara 
Elizabeth Fisher Cory, both deceased. Jonathan Cory was also born in 
Hancock, Virginia, but moved to Leavenworth County, Kansas in 1867, 
where he purchased a homestead. He died in 1872 and his wife died in 
1884. During the Civil War, Jonathan Cory was a member of the Home 
Guard of the Federal Army, the minute men of Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. 
Jonathan Cory had the following children: John Milton of this sketch; 



404 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Lydia, the wife of C. P. Rutherford, an attorney of Leavenworth ; W. A., 
of Kansas City, Missouri, who is in the commission business; and Bessie, 
deceased, who was the wife of William Weir of Kansas City, Missouri, also 
deceased. 

John Milton Cory received his education in the common schools of 
Leavenworth County. He bought the home farm from the other heirs 
and lived there until 1910, following general farming, buying and selling 
of stock, trading, etc. Mr. Cory bought an additional one hundred sixty 
acres, making a total of three hundred twenty acres. 

Mr. Cory was elected county treasurer in 1902 and reelected in 1904 
on the Republican ticket. He was a capable and conscientious public 
officer, and performed the duties of this office to the entire satisfaction 
of all. 

In 1910, he bought property owned by J. E. Gamble on the Fort road, 
just south of the Country Club, and made this place his home. He has a 
thoroughly modern residence and twenty-five acres of splendid land. 

John Cory was married the first time to Nancy E. Cleavinger in 1889, 
who died in July, 1915. They had two children : Luella E., a librarian at 
the Illinois University, was graduated from the Kansas University in 
1916, after which she took a course at Columbia University, New York, 
and taught two years in Leavenworth, before accepting her present posi- 
tion. Their other child, Homer Davis Cory was commissioned a captain 
and was in the officers' reserve corps, and when war was declared, he was 
ordered to report to Fort Riley, which he did in May, 1917. He was im- 
mediately detailed as finance officer at Fort Riley, which office he filled 
during the period of construction at Camp Funston. The expenditures 
of both Fort Riley and Funston went through his hands up to the time 
the 89th Division was assembled. In November, 1917, he was made dis- 
bursing officer at Fort Riley and during this time, he handled for the gov- 
ernment over $20,000,000.00. He was mustered out November, 1919, 
after about two and one half years of excellent service. He is now book- 
keeper for the Missouri Valley Bridge Works of Leavenworth. Prior to 
his induction into United States service, he had been connected with the 
First National and Manufacturers National Banks of Leavenworth, and 
after being mustered out, for a short time was assistant receiving teller 
for the Southwest Bank of Commerce of Kansas City, Missouri. He mar- 
ried Miss Eloise Catlin in 1917, and they have two children : Clara Eliza- 
beth and an infant son, who was born January 17, 1920. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 405 

John Cory was married to his present wife in December, 1919. She 
was Helen L. Fisher, a daughter of H. O. and Elizabeth Fisher. The 
former lives in Leavenworth, and the latter is deceased. Mrs. Cory was 
educated in the public schools of this city, and for five years was a gradu- 
ate nurse at Kansas City, Missouri. 

Mr. Cory is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 32nd 
degree and a member of the Shrine. His son is also a member 
of these lodges. Mr. Cory is a prominent man of the county and has 
always been a public spirited citizen and a man of real worth to his com- 
munity. 



John H. Jeffries, who was for a number of years prominently identi- 
fied with the affairs of Leavenworth County, and who now resides at Fif- 
teenth and Spruce streets, Leavenworth, was born in Hamilton County, 
Indiana, December 29, 1853. He is the son of Richard J. and Sarah Ann 
(Clayton) Jeffries, the latter now lives at Springdale, Kansas, and is 
eighty-seven years of age, the former died at the age of forty-four years. 
They were married in Indiana and came to Leavenworth County, Kansas, 
in 1858 and settled at Springdale, where he was a merchant for four years. 
He also served as justice of the peace for several terms and was one of the 
most widely known men of that vicinity. 

Mr. and Mrs. Richard J. Jeffries were the parents of the following 
children: John H., of this sketch; Anna J., the wife of Samuel Hanley 
of Springdale, and Addie, who died at the age of six years. 

John H. Jeffries was educated in the public schools. He also helped 
his father in his store while attending school. After finishing his educa- 
tion, he was guard at the Lansing Prison for six years. He then bought 
the home farm where he lived until 1905, during which time he served as 
trustee of Alexandria Township for three terms and was township treas- 
urer for two terms, filling both offices most acceptably. 

Mr. Jeffries has taken an active part in civic affairs and in 1905 was 
elected recorder of deeds on the republican ticket. He was re-elected in 
1907, 1909, 1911 and 1913, serving for ten years in this position, four 
years longer than any other man. His lengthy term of office shows the 
respect in which he is held in the county. He was a very capable officer 
and discharged the duties of recorder in an entirely satisfactory manner. 

After retiring from office, Mr. Jeffries moved to his present location 



406 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

at Sixteenth and Spruce streets, where he has nine acres of land inside 
the city limits, a modern residence, barn, orchard, poultry house, etc., all 
of the improvements being done by Mr. Jeffries. Here he raised Buff 
Orpington and White Leghorn chickens. 

In 1876, Mr. Jeffries was married to Belle (White) Damrell, of Fort 
Smith, Arkansas, and they have four children: William, who married 
Miss Marie Meyers and lives at Springdale, Kansas ; Charlie, who married 
Emma Rhoades, and also lives at Springdale; Ernest, who married Mrs. 
L. Ray, and who live at Leavenworth, he being a mechanic at the car 
barns ; and Nellie, who is a graduate of the Leavenworth High School and 
for six years was deputy recorder with her father, and for four years with 
Mr. Howard, his successor. She now is employed by E. W. Hopkins, an 
abstracter of Leavenworth. 

Mr. Jeffries is a member of the Knights of Pythias. 



Felix C. Brown is the founder of Elmwood Hospital, one of the impor- 
tant institutions of Leavenworth, which was started in 1888. Mr. Brown 
was born in Buchanan County, Missouri, August 13, 1843, and is the son 
of Gideon L. and Matilda (Patton) Brown. 

Gideon Brown came to Missouri from Tennessee in 1830 and settled 
in Jackson County, later moving to Platte County, Missouri, in 1837. In 
1857, he came to Kansas and entered land in High Prairie Township, in 
Leavenworth County, but never located there. He died in 1859 at the age 
of fifty-nine years. His father was Felix Brown of North Carolina, of 
Scotch descent, and who was prominently identified with colonial history. 

During the Civil War, Felix C. Brown enlisted in the Confederate 
Army under Governor Jackson, and soon became a member of the First 
Missouri Artillery, in which he remained until the close of the war. He 
was wounded at Newtonia, Missouri, and also at Jenkins Ferry, Arkansas, 
but not seriously either time. He took part in all of the battles west of 
Mississippi, in which his department participated except the Battle of Elk 
Horn. He was also a bull whacker for two years on the Oregon trail, in 
1859 and 1860, and during this time went to Salt Lake City with Sidney 
Johnson. 

In 1872, he settled in Atchison County, Kansas, but returned to Mis- 
souri eight years later, and in 1883 came back to Leavenworth County, 
Kansas, and took charge of the Maplewood Asylum, where he remained for 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 407 

one year. He then engaged in the mercantile business for four years, and 
in 1889 erected the present building known as the Elmwood Hospital, 
where he has lived since. This is a private sanitarium, which is located 
on twenty-five acres of ground, all inside the city limits, and all of it is 
farmed or used for garden. Persons of all ages are cared for here, whera 
they find a real home and friends. Mr. Brown is admirably fitted for such 
work, for he makes it a study and gives the inmates much care and 
attention. 

Mr. Brown was married February 15, 1866, to Jincy A. Blakeley, of 
Platte County, Missouri. They have the following children: Thomas J., 
of Leavenworth, Kansas, who is manager of the Hippodrome, a sketch of 
whom appears in this volume ; Cora M., the wife of Arthur Land, of Leav- 
enworth; Maude, the wife of C. H. Masterson, of Leavenworth; Felix L., 
who is with his father and assists him in the management of the Elm- 
wood Hospital; Gus, superintendent of the County Hospital; Jesse, who 
owns a confectionery and pool hall at Twelfth and Spruce streets, in Leav- 
enworth; Ernest, a barber of Leavenworth, and who was in the World 
War, enlisting in 1917 with the One Hundred and Forty-sixth Artillery, 
and was stationed at Camp Funston and Camp Pike, Arkansas ; and Kirby, 
who manages a soft drink emporium in Leavenworth. 

Mr. Brown is a democrat, and was twice a candidate for alderman in 
Leavenworth, but defeated. He very efficiently filled the office of trustee 
of Walnut Township for two terms. 

Mr. Brown is a member of the Past Grand of Odd Fellows, Lodge 
No. 103. 



John Wortman, a leading jeweler of Leavenworth, is proprietor of one 
of the best jewelry stores in this city, and is located at 510 Delaware street. 
Mr. Wortman was born August 1, 1893, and is the son of Henry and Caro- 
line Wortman. Henry Wortman was a brickmaker and located in Leav- 
enworth about the year 1885. He died at the age of fifty-seven years. His 
wife lives in Leavenworth. 

John Wortman received his education in the Maplewood School, and 
at the early age of thirteen years, began learning the jewelry trade, receiv- 
ing for his work $1.50 per week. He worked for these wages for eighteen 
months. The wages were increased gradually until he thoroughly learned 
the trade. He opened his present shop at 510 Delaware, where he has a 



408 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

complete stock of jewelry, watches and clocks. He carries the "Com- 
munity Plate Silverware", cut glass, and repairs watches, clocks, etc. He 
has met with satisfactory success and has built up a large trade. He is an 
excellent workman, and keeps a nice, clean stock, which is artistically 
displayed. 

Mr. Wortman was married November 11, 1913, to Agnes Snyder, of 
Leavenworth, a daughter of M. J. Snyder. Mr. and Mrs. Wortman have 
two children: Lillian and John, Jr. 

Mr. Wortman is a member of the Fraternal Order of Eagles, Knights 
of Columbus and Security Benefit Association. He has an extensive ac- 
quaintance and ranks as one of the substantial and reliable business men 
of this city. 



Charles Morehead Swan, the senior member of the firm of Swan and 
Wilson, proprietors of Cedar Grove Farm, which is located on the electric 
line near Lansing, Kansas, was born in Lafayette County, Missouri, Janu- 
ary 5, 1870, the son of D. M. and Lemira M. Swan, who came to Leaven- 
worth immediately at the close of the Civil War. D. M. Swan was an 
insurance man and also was one of the ten men who organized the Water 
Works Company of Leavenworth, Kansas. He was superintendent of 
construction of this company until the plant was finished. Mr. Swan was 
also one of the three men who organized the telephone company of Leav- 
enworth. 

Charles M. Swan has been a poultry man all of his life, learning the 
business after he finished his education, when he lived with his uncle, 
H. W. Barnes, in High Prairie Township. Mr. Swan is a graduate of the 
high school at Leavenworth and also attended the business colleges in 
Leavenworth and Kansas City, Missouri. He began raising poultry for 
himself about twenty years ago, and soon discovered the Rhode Island 
Red chickens to be his choice, and since has given his attention to them. 
He purchased his present farm of three aci*es in 1909, and his associate in 
business, J. H. Wilson, owns four and one-half acres near it. Both men 
own a farm of forty acres in Salt Creek Valley, on which they raise 
poultry also. They have 500 hens on the last named farm, as well as 500 
on the farm near Lansing. J. H. Wilson became associated with Mr. Swan 
in the poultry business in 1915, Mr. Wilson coming here from Iowa. The 
two men devote their time to selling eggs, baby chickens and breeding 




C. M. SWAN 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 409 

stock, the latter being their main field of endeavor. They have male 
chickens worth $100 each. They have five brooders, and use eight incu- 
bators with 2,000 capacity, also set hens. This firm has an increasing 
market each year, and part of each year cannot fill all orders. They ship 
to all parts of the United States, and exhibit poultry in all of the shows 
in the state, winning some of the best prizes. They have won first prizes 
at the Topeka State Poultry Show in 1916, the Kansas State Fair at 
Hutchinson in 1918, Kansas City Show in 1917, Kansas State Show at 
Topeka in 1919, Kansas State Show at Hutchinson in 1919 and 1920, be- 
sides winning prizes at many other shows in both Kansas and Missouri. 

This firm has the advantage of all trains running from Leavenworth 
and Lansing, Kansas to Kansas City, twenty trains each day, giving them 
easy access to good transportation. 

Mr. Swan and Mr. Wilson are liberal with the knowledge they have 
acquired through years of study and practical experience with chickens 
and they give valuable instruction to all of their patrons in regard to the 
care of poultry. They have a wide acquaintance with farmers and poultry 
breeders throughout the state. 

Mr. Swan is a member of the Yeoman Lodge, and for fourteen years 
has been secretary of the Leavenworth County Poultry Association, the 
oldest association of this kind west of Chicago. 



J. J. O'Donnell, Jr., is a member of the oldest firm of undertakers in 
this section of the state. He is a native of Leavenworth, of one of the well 
known pioneer families of the city, and was born March 17, 1898. He 
received his education in the schools of Leavenworth, and St. Benedict's 
school at Atchison, and was graduated from the latter in 1915. 

During the World War, he enlisted in the summer of 1918 and was in 
service in the Infantry at Camp Grant, Illinois for nine months. Upon his 
return from the army he re-entered business with his father, J. J. O'Don- 
nell, Sr. 

The O'Donnell Undertaking Company is the leading firm of its line in 
the city and was founded by J. P. O'Donnell, the grandfather of J. J. 
O'Donnell, Jr., in, 1862. He came to Leavenworth in 1857 and was in the 
mattress business, prior to entering the undertaking and furniture busi- 
ness. He died about 1895 and was succeeded by his son, J. J. O'Donnell, 
Sr., who is senior member of the present firm. The company is located at 



410 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

518 and 520 Shawnee, Leavenworth, and they carry a complete line of 
undertaking goods. 

J. J. O'Donnell, Jr., is a member of the Knights of Columbus and of 
the American Legion of Leavenworth. He is a progressive young man, 
and is well qualified for the business in which he is engaged. 



S. C. Porter is the secretary and manager of the Porter Potter Pro- 
duce Company, a leading business in Leavenworth, which is located at 
706-712 Delaware street. 

He was born at Decatur, Iowa, October 4, 1876, and is the son of H. 
C. and Catherine Porter, both deceased. S. C. Porter was educated in 
the schools at Decatur, Iowa, and for ten years afterward was engaged in 
the lumber business. Prior to coming to Leavenworth in 1915, he was 
in Custer City, Oklahoma, for several years. He and F. M. Potter or- 
ganized the present company, which is doing an excellent business. The 
officers are F. M. Potter, president; 0. J. Potter, vice-president, and S. C. 
Porter, as previously stated, the secretary and manager. 

This company handles produce as far west as the central part of the 
state. They have a cold storage at Schalk Packing Company of this city. 
They handle poultry, eggs and hides. They have built up a satisfactory 
and profitable business, which was successful from the first, and are rec- 
ognized as one of the leading firms in their line. 

S. C. Porter was married July 4, 1904, to Lulu Harmon, of Carter 
City, Oklahoma. They are among the best respected citizens of the city. 

Mr. Porter is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, is 
a Shriner and Knight Templar. 

S. C. Porter is the progressive president of the Porter Potter Oil 
Company, which is located at 706-712 Delaware street, Leavenworth, 
Kansas. 

This company was organized in June, 1920, and is incorporated. The 
officers are as follows: S. C. Porter, president and manager; F. M. Potter, 
vice-president; and W. B. Woodman, secretary. 

Although the firm is practically in its infancy, it does a fine 
business and is growing each month. They handle two grades of gaso- 
line, one standard grade, and one high test grade, known as Porter Potter 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 411 

high test. They have four trucks operating in Leavenworth County. 
The company also handles exceptionally high grade lubricating oil and 
greases. At present, they employ eight men, and, in addition to the plant 
at Leavenworth, they have pumps or depots at Lansing, Kickapoo and 
Boling. 

S. C. Porter is a very energetic business man, and, in addition to his 
presidency and managership of this company, he is also secretary and 
manager of the Porter Potter Produce Company, which is located at the 
same address. Mr. Porter is winning success in both fields of endeavor, 
due to his good business methods. He has many friends in and around 
Leavenworth. 

Further reference to F. M. Potter and 0. J. Potter is made in con- 
nection with the State Savings Bank of this city. 



Ross J. McClure, for twelve years on the police force, and now the 
popular owner of the McClure's Lunch Room at 310 South Fifth street, 
was born in Winchester, Kansas, February 2, 1882. 

He is the son of Reuben and Amanda (Legin) McClure, the latter 
deceased. Reuben McClure lives at 325 Market street. He located in 
Leavenworth in 1898. He is a Civil War veteran and lost a leg in a 
battle, 'just a year after enlisting. 

Ross McClure was educated in the schools at Winchester, Kansas, 
after which he went to St. Joseph, Missouri, where he learned the pastry 
and baking business. He came to Leavenworth with his father in 1898 
and worked at the Siebold bakery at Fifth and Spruce streets. In 1908, 
he joined the police force, and in 1909 and 1910 was captain of police. In 
1911 he served as merchant police, and continued on the force until March, 
1920. During all of these years he made an enviable record. He per- 
formed his duties conscientiously and was well liked by all with whom he 
came in contact. 

In 1920 Mr. McClure purchased the union depot lunch cafe, which 
he conducted until March, 1921. Because of his popularity, he has made 
a success of this business from the first, and has a fine trade. He is now 
located in same business at 310 South Fifth street. 

Ross McClure was married in 1900 to Lulu Majors, and they have 
one son, Lloyd, who is a graduate of the Leavenworth High School, and 



412 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

also attended the University of Kansas in the years of 1919 and 1920. 
He is now employed as advertising solicitor at the Leavenworth Post. 

Mr. McClure is a member of the Woodmen of the World and of the 
Fraternal Order of Eagles. 



Joseph Spaulding, well known liveryman at Number Four North 
Seneca street, was born in Leavenworth March 15, 1874. He is the son 
of Alonzo and Rozanna (Harris) Spaulding, who were married in Leaven- 
worth prior to the Civil War. He was in the State Militia here during 
the war and lived on Fifth and Olive streets. After the war, he was 
engaged in plastering until the time of his death in 1916. He is buried 
at Arkansas City, Kansas. His wife died in 1905 and is buried in 
Leavenworth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo Spaulding were the parents of the following 
children: Ernest, of Oakland, California; Mrs. Harriet Clark, of Arkansas 
City, Kansas; Alonzo, of Kansas City, Kansas; William, of Leavenworth; 
and Joseph, of this sketch. All of the children attended the public schools 
of Leavenworth. 

Joseph Spaulding drove a hack in this city for twenty years for Wil- 
liam- Boy, a liveryman who now lives in Kansas City, Missouri. Mr. 
Spaulding went into business for himself in 1917, opposite the Planters 
Hotel, and in 1920 moved to his present location. He is industrious, hon- 
est and well liked by his numerous friends and acquaintances. He rents 
livery, also runs an express wagon, and boards horses. 

Mr. Spaulding tells many interesting stories of the old times when 
steamboats plied the Missouri River, bringing cotton, peanuts and other 
merchandise from the south, and in those days all the townspeople would 
go to the wharf to see the steamboats when they landed. 



Minor H. Day is the enterprising owner of Day's Battery Service, 
which is located at 510 Cherokee street, Leavenworth, and was opened 
September 1, 1918. 

Mr. Day is a native of Illinois, born in Vermillion County in 1877, 
and is the son of John and Delewna (Campbell) Day. The latter resides 
at 314 Grand avenue, in Leavenworth, and John Day died in 1893. He 
is buried at Fredonia, Kansas. He was a native of Ohio, and Mrs. Day 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 413 

was a native of Illinois. They were married and came to Bates County, 
Missouri, near Butler, in 1883, and later moved to Wilson County, Kansas, 
where he engaged in farming. 

Minor H. Day received his education in the Wilson County, Kansas, 
public schools, and took a course at the Leavenworth Business College. 
After leaving school, he began working for the Missouri-Kansas Telephone 
Company, and was with this company for eighteen years, during which 
time he was in the engineering department in Kansas City, Missouri, and 
wire chief at Leavenworth. 

In his present business, Mr. Day rebuilds batteries of all kinds, and 
also carries a line of Philadelphia Diamond Grid Batteries, the only bat- 
tery that is guaranteed for two years. Mr. Day handled the first storage 
battery that was ever in Leavenworth. This battery was used in the 
old telephone exchange. 

Mr. Day has a growing business, and by his courteous and accom- 
modating manner has made many friends. 

In 1910, Mr. Day was married to Anna Cox, of Kansas City, Missouri, 
a native of Houston, Texas. Mr. and Mrs. Day have three children : Hazel 
Eugenia, Bessie Leona and Robert W. 

Mr. Day is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. 



The Campbell Brothers Tire Service Shop is one of the important in- 
dustries of Leavenworth, located at 508 Cherokee street. The firm is 
composed of three brothers: R. C, Archie H. and Arthur W. Campbell, 
who were all in the army during the World War. The firm has another 
shop at McLouth, Kansas, which is managed by R. C. Campbell, the shop 
at Leavenworth being in charge of Archie and Arthur Campbell, and who, 
are doing a splendid business. They do all kinds of vulcanizing and 
retreading auto tires, as well as handling new tires. 

Archie and Arthur Campbell are twin brothers, and were born Sep- 
tember 4, 1889, and are sons of Arch and Cora (Heckman) Campbell, who 
live at the corner of Washington street, between Quincy and Ohio streets. 
Arch Campbell came to Leavenworth in 1855 and prior to the Civil War 
was wagon master at Fort Leavenworth. For many years he was fore- 
man at the Great Western Store Works, and was also with the Great 
Western Manufacturing Company for a number of years, being with the 
two firms a total of thirty-nine years. He is a carpenter by trade, and 



414 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

was born in Pennsylvania, and his wife is a native of Ohio. He is now 
eighty-five years of age. 

Mr. and Mrs. Arch Campbell were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Florence, deceased; Archie and Arthur; Cordelia, who is dead; Roy, 
of Havana, Cuba, who is with an automatic electrical company ; and Roscoe 
C, of McClouth, Kansas. The last named enlisted in the United States 
Army and was with the Rainbow Division. He was overseas for eighteen 
months, and has a medal from the United States Government for his 
valiant services. Arthur and Archie Campbell enlisted at Leavenworth 
with the Thirty-first Engineers, in March, 1918, and were sent to France 
June 1, 1918, where they were put in the railroad service, and remained 
overseas for fourteen months, returning to Leavenworth in July, 1919. 

Archie Campbell is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows. Both young men are hustlers and are doing well in their line of 
work. They live with their parents in Leavenworth. 



John Baade takes an active part in the commercial life of Leaven- 
worth, and is a member of the firm of Wallace and Baade, dealers in 
furniture and carpets at 423 Cherokee street. He was born in Buffalo, 
New York, July 10, 1867, and is the son of John F. and Bertha Baade, 
who came to Leavenworth in 1867. John Baade was a well known con- 
tractor. He died in 1890 at the age of fifty-six years, and his wife died 
in 1895. Both are buried at Mt. Muncie cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. John Baade were the parents of the following children : 
Louise Baade, of Philadelphia ; Adella, wife of Aubrey Edwards, of Water- 
bury, Connecticut, and John Baade. 

John Baade was educated in the public schools of Leavenworth, and 
also attended the Leavenworth Business College. He first worked with 
Herman Richter, a furniture man here, and later was with Helmer's 
Manufacturing Company, and Abernathy and Doughty. Later, both Mr. 
Wallace and Mr. Baade were with Ettenson, Wolfe and Company in the 
furniture department. They afterward formed the present partnership. 
The firm carries a full line of furniture, carpets and rugs. Their stock 
is clean, well kept and they are both courteous and accommodating and 
have built up a satisfactory and profitable business. John Baade is a 
progressive citizen. 

He is a member of the Fraternal Aid, No. 6, and of the Ancient 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 415 

Order of United Workmen. Mr. Baade has been secretary of the Fra- 
ternal Aid No. 6 for the past fifteen years, and this lodge has a member- 
ship of more than three hundred. The Fraternal Aid succeeded the 
Knights of Aurora, and John F. Baade was a member of the Knights of 
Aurora, and when the two lodges were merged, he was a charter member 
of the Fraternal Aid. 

John Baade was married to Elizabeth Otto, of Leavenworth, Kansas, 
in 1897. Mr. and Mrs. Baade have a son, John 0., who enlisted in the 
motor transport service, during the World War, as mechanic, for overseas 
duty, but was not called on account of his age, then being but eighteen, 
and the armistice was signed soon after. He is now in the automobile 
business at 310 Cherokee street, and is a member of the Security Bene- 
fit Association. 



Jack J. Laird is a member of the leading wholesale fruit and produce 
company of Leavenworth. He was born July 1, 1889, at Leavenworth, 
Kansas, and is a son of A. and Mary (Ford) Laird, who now live at 313 
Ottawa street, Leavenworth. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. Laird were married in Leavenworth. He is a native 
of Scotland, and she of New Orleans. He is sixty-eight years of age and 
is employed as night foreman for the Water Company. He came to 
Leavenworth at the age of twenty years and was a student of mine in- 
specting in Pennsylvania previously. After coming to Leavenworth, he 
was connected with coal mines for many years. Jury Ford, grandfather 
of Jack J. Laird, came to Leavenworth by wagon from New Orleans, and 
also was engaged in mining here until his death. He was accidentally 
killed by falling from the top of the mine to bottom of shaft, a distance 
of 750 feet. 

Jack J. Laird was educated in the parochial schools of Leavenworth, 
and was in different produce houses in St. Joseph and Kansas City, Mis- 
souri, and with Rodenberg and Company, of Leavenworth, Kansas, where 
he gained a thorough knowledge of the business. He also was in San 
Francisco, California, for several months. 

During the World War, Jack Laird was in the United States Army. 
He was sergeant at Camp Funston, with Fifth Company, Fifth Regiment, 
and was retained there as instructor until discharged, serving seven 
months. 



416 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The firm of Laird and Townsend is wide-awake, and their expert 
knowledge of the business and wide acquaintance, coupled with push and 
energy, has placed them at the head of the produce houses here. Mr. Laird 
is honest and industrious and a fine man. 

He was married November 26, 1919, to Miss Mabelle Kennedy, of 
Leavenworth, and they reside at Mt. Olive Church. 

Mr. Laird is a member of the Knights of Columbus and U. C. T. 



Charles H. Masterson is the capable secretary and treasurer of the 
Leavenworth Motor Company, one of the largest concerns of its kind in 
this section of the state. The company was organized June, 1918, with 
the following stockholders: John G. Barnes, president; Charles H. Master- 
son, secretary and treasurer; Charles E. Curtin, vice president. The com- 
pany is capitalized at §25,000.00. They moved into their present building 
January 1, 1919. It is a three story structure, ninety-six by eighty feet, 
with a twenty-four by forty-five feet three story annex, and three stories 
of both buildings are occupied. The firm sells Oldsmobiles and Packard 
cars and carry a complete line of automobile accessories. They also do 
repair work and employ eighteen men. All of the members of the firm 
are keen business men and they do a profitable business. 

Charles H. Masterson is a native of Leavenworth, born April 23, 1877. 
He is the son of Charles H. and Sarah L. (Short) Masterson. The latter 
lives at 1240 High Street, Leavenworth, Kansas, and is a native of Ken- 
tucky, born January 21, 1841. Charles H. was born in Kentucky in 1831 
and came to Platte County, Missouri, in 1870 and settled on a farm there. 
He located in Leavenworth in 1876 and followed the grocery business for 
fifteen years, retiring a short time before his death in 1915. He is buried 
at Pleasant Ridge, Missouri. 

The Masterson children are: Lenora, Luella, John, Harriet, Sarah, 
Malcy, and Charles H, the subject of this sketch. 

Charles H. Masterson was educated in the public schools and was 
graduated from the high school in 1898. After leaving school he worked 
for the Burlington Railway Company at St. Joseph, Missouri, until he 
accepted employment with the Fisher Machine Works of Leavenworth. 
In 1912 he made the race for county clerk on the Democratic ticket. He 
is well known and stands high in the community. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 417 

Mr. Masterson was married January 31, 1899, to Miss Maude D. 
Brown, daughter of Felix C. and Jincy A. (Bleakley) Brown, both of 
whom live at Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Masterson are the parents of two children: Charles 
Forrest, a student in the Leavenworth High School, and Ruth Ann, a 
graduate of the Leavenworth High School. 

Mr. Masterson is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons 
and is a Shriner. He is also a member of other lodges. 



Hashagen Brothers are the successful proprietors of the leading wall 
paper and paint shop in Leavenworth, Kansas. Their store is located at 
415 Cherokee street. The firm is composed of J. H. and D. A. Hashagen, 
who are brothers. They are sons of John and Wilhelmiha Pommering 
Hashagen. The latter is living in Leavenworth, the former having died 
February 26, 1919, at the age of seventy-nine years. John Hashagen 
came to Leavenworth at the close of the Civil War. During the World 
War he was a cook on a transport. After locating in Leavenworth, he 
drove an omnibus between this city and the fort, and afterward engaged 
in the real estate business. 

To Mr. and Mrs. John Hashagen were born the following children: 
Mrs. Abraham Walker, of Leavenworth; William, of Kansas City, Kan- 
sas; Henry, of Leavenworth, who is in the grocery business; Minnie 
Esterbrbrook, of Oakland, California ; John and D. A., of this sketch ; Mrs. 
William Rumford, of Leavenworth; Carl, of Atlanta, Georgia, who is 
chief clerk in the Quartermaster Department; Albert, who is chief clerk 
in the finance division of Ft. Leavenworth ; and August, of Leavenworth. 
All of the children were educated in the public schools of Leavenworth. 

J. H. Hashagen, the senior member of the firm, is not married. 

D. A. Hashagen was married November 1, 1910, to Aurelia Waldman, 
of Leavenworth. Mrs. Hashagen is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Herman 
Waldman. Mr. and Mrs. Hashagen have one son, Richard. 

J. H. and D. A. Hashagen began business at an early age with C. M. 
Tarr, of Leavenworth, a pioneer wall paper man of this city, and who is 
now traveling for a New York City wall paper firm. Mr. Hashagen was 
with this firm several years, and then worked for Keane and Jenkins. In 
1903 they bought the stock of Pamby and Anderson and began the present 
business, moving, however, to 415 Cherokee street in 1913. 

(23) 



418 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

This firm carries a full line of wall paper, paints and glass, and at 
times employ as high as forty men. They have done a large amount of 
government work here and at other places in the country. No job is too 
large for them, and their ability to handle the highest class work, together 
with the excellent quality of work done, has put them to the front in their 
chosen business. 



Charles E. Townsend is an enterprising and progressive member of 
the firm of Laird and Townsend, wholesale dealers in fruits and produce, 
of Leavenworth, Kansas. 

He was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, February 26, 1873, the son of 
William E. and Millie Townsend, both deceased, the latter having passed 
away in 1908, and William Townsend died in 1916. He was a government 
scout on the plains during the Indian troubles after the Civil War, and 
after locating in Leavenworth, he was in the saddle and harness business. 

Mr. and Mrs. William E. Townsend had the following children: Ralph 
and Lonnie, both of Leavenworth ; William and Harry, of St. Louis ; Mrs. 
May Consul, of Los Angeles, California; Rosalie Smith, of Kansas City, 
Missouri; and Charles, the subject of this sketch. 

Charles E. Townsend received his education in the public schools of 
St. Joseph, Missouri, and Leavenworth, Kansas. He first worked for 
Rodenberg's Wholesale and Retail House of Leavenworth, and was with 
them until the organization of the firm of which he is a member. This 
firm conducts an important industry and the Business has increased from 
year to year. Mr. Townsend is a good business man, has many friends 
and is well liked. 

In January, 1911, Mr. Townsend was married to Pauline Brouse, of 
Leavenworth. 

He is a member of the Fraternal Order of Eagles and Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons. 



W. J. Kern, the capable and efficient horseshoer, located at 304 
Cherokee street, Leavenworth, Kansas, is a native of Germany. He was 
born May 1, 1879, in Germany, the son of Stephen and Mary Kern. They 
left their native land in 1886 and came to the United States, settling at 
Hunt Station, Kansas, where they were employed in the curing of grapes 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 419 

and the making of wine. Stephen Kern died in 1894 in Leavenworth, 
Kansas, and his wife also died at this place. 

W. J. Kern received his education in the St. Joseph's Parochial School 
and the public school of Hunt Station. At the age of fourteen he took 
up the trade of horseshoeing at Leavenworth, Kansas, where he was em- 
ployed by Frank Brown, later by Finnen and Eagen. For three years he 
was with the Riverside Mining Company as horseshoer, then he worked 
for the best horseshoer of the county, Jack McKlain, of Kansas City, 
Missouri. After that he traveled from coast to coast, plying his trade 
of horseshoeing in many different places. 

In 1914 W. J. Kern established his business at 304 Cherokee street 
and has won an enviable position in this line of work. During the Span- 
ish-American War Mr. Kern enlisted with Troop G, Fifth Cavalry. He 
saw service in Cuba and Porto Rico and after two years and seven months 
of service was mustered out at Porto Rico. 

W. J. Kern was married at Leavenworth Kansas to Mina Miller, the 
daughter of Ben and Lillie Miller. Two children, Thelma and William 
Ben, have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Kern. 

Mr. Kern is a member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 



Specialty Garage and Manufacturing Company, of Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, is owned and operated by the Hartfelder Brothers. Edward H. and 
Julius Hartfelder opened up this automobile repair shop in 1916. They 
handle all kinds of accessories, gasoline and oils. They handle the Hup- 
mobile, Chandler and Cleveland automobiles, specializing in the salesman- 
ship and repair of these makes of cars. The Specialty Garage building is 
located at Third and Seneca streets. It is 50x125 feet, having a floor 
space of 6,250 square feet. 

Edward H. and Julius Hartfelder are natives of Leavenworth, Kansas, 
and are the sons of Ludwig and Emma (Hoppe) Hartfelder. Ludwig 
Hartfelder was a cabinet maker and for many years was engaged in this 
business in Leavenworth. He came to Leavenworth about 1880 and died 
in 1899. Emma (Hoppe) Hartfelder makes her home in DeSota, Kansas. 

Four sons and four daughters were born to Ludwig and Emma Hart- 
felder, as follows : Edward H. and Julius, of this review ; Mrs. Hilda Smith, 
Mrs. Augusta Field, Mrs. Emma Welda and Mrs. Edna Bender, all of 



420 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

whom live at Kansas City, Missouri ; and Albert and Alphonse, who reside 
at DeSota, Kansas. 

Edward H. Hartfelder was married in June, 1908, to Pearl Graham, 
of Leavenworth, Kansas. Four children have been born to them, as fol- 
lows: Edward James; Leslie Eugene; Zelma Pearl and Leona Adelaide. 

Edward Hartfelder lives at 1319 South Broadway. He is a member 
of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, also a Scottish Rite Mason and 
Shriner, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Fraternal Order of 
Eagles and the L. 0. 0. M. His brother, Julius Hartfelder, is a member 
of the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 

The Hartfelder Brothers are substantial business men, who are well 
known and respected by their business associates. They are conducting 
a high class garage and sales service and both are members of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce. 



J. H. Donovan, of the Donovan Transfer Company, is one of the best 
known residents of Leavenworth, Kansas. He is conducting a transfer 
business which has been conducted by the Donovan family for sixty-one 
years. This business was started by B. J. Donovan, the father of J. H. 
Donovan, in 1860. After B. J. Donovan's death a son, Martin Donovan, 
conducted the business, which later was taken by the present manager, 
J. H. Donovan. 

J. H. Donovan was bom in Leavenworth, Kansas, November 9, 1861, 
the son of B. J. and Katherine (Ahearne) Donovan. B. J. Donovan was 
bom in Ireland and when very young located at Leavenworth. He was 
married to Katherine Ahearne in 1858. Her mother was a widow, who 
made her home with B. J. and Mary (O'Hearne) Donovan for many years. 
In 1873, when forty-three years of age, B. J. Donovan died and his wife 
died in 1916, at the age of eighty years. They are both buried at Mount 
Calvary cemetery. 

B. J. and Katherine (Ahearne) Donovan were the parents of chil- 
dren, as follows: Martin, deceased, at the age of forty-one years; J. H., 
the subject of this review; Mary, widow of Joseph Farrell, of Kansas 
City, Missouri. 

J. H. Donovan was educated in the parochial school of Leavenworth. 
For five years he was employed by the Union Pacific Railway Company 
as clerk. For seven years he was employed by the Missouri Valley Bridge 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 421 

Company and he left their employ to take up the present work after his 
brother's death. 

The Donovan Transfer Company is the oldest ice company of Leaven- 
worth and in addition handles coal as well as carrying on an extensive 
transfer business. As they say there is nothing too small nor too large 
for them to handle. 

The Donovan Transfer Company's business occupies a half block, be- 
tween Main and Second streets, on Shawnee street. They have eight 
teams in use, two-ton truck, a one-ton truck and two runabout automobiles. 

J. H. Donovan and Mary Delaney were united in marriage October 
28, 1885, in Leavenworth, Kansas. She is the daughter of James and 
Bridget Delaney, who were living in New Mexico at the time of their 
daughter's birth. James Delaney was engaged in government business 
at that time. They are both deceased. They died in Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas. Four children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Donovan, as 
follows: Benjamin J., the bookkeeper for his father, Capt. John B., who 
served three years in the United States Army during the World War. He 
enlisted with the first volunteers and was sent to Camp Funston, joining 
the famous Eighty-ninth Division. He was commissioned captain and 
served one year in France. He is now with an oil company. Before 
entering the service he was with the Spinge Clothing Company for six 
years and with E. V. Price, the tailor, for three years. And Edward M., 
with the firm also. 

J. H. Donovan is a member of many orders, as follows: The Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, Knights of Columbus, Brotherhood of Ameri- 
acn Yeomen, Fraternal Order of Eagles and the Degree of Honor. 

J. H. Donovan, through his long years of residence of Leavenworth, 
is able to recall many of the things which have passed away. The old ox 
team, which carried the heavy loads in the early days, the clumsy steam- 
boat unloading its freight at the local wharf, which was an event in the 
lives of the residents of Leavenworth. 



Benjamin J. Donovan, bookkeeper of the Donovan Transfer Company, 
is the eldest son of J. H. and Mary J. (Delaney) Donovan, whose sketch 
appears in this volume. 

Benjamin Donovan was born August 18, 1886, in Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, and received his education in the Sacred Heart Parochial School and 



422 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

the Leavenworth High School. He graduated with the class of 1905. He 
immediately took up work in the office of the Donovan Transfer Company 
and later was made the bookkeeper, which position he is ably filling. 

January 26, 1907, Benjamin Donovan and Elizabeth A. Toschetta 
were married. She is the daughter of Charles and Martha Toschetta, the 
former of whom is the postmaster of Leavenworth. Elizabeth (Toschetta) 
Donovan was born in Leavenworth and received her education in the pub- 
lic schools. Mr. and Mrs. B. J. Donovan are the parents of four daugh- 
ters, as follows: Beth, Jane, Mary and Martha. 

B. J. Donovan is a member of the Knights of Columbus and treasurer 
of the Rotary Club. 



Rumford's Ford Hospital, located at 738-740 Delaware street, is one 
of the substantial garages which specializes in the repair of Ford cars. 
This hospital, as it is called, was started by William A. Rumford at 424- 
426 Shawnee street in 1918 and the business grew so rapidly that Mr. 
Rumford moved to his present quarters in order to accommodate his 
trade. The Rumford Hospital, in the space of three short years, has had 
a phenomenal growth, attesting to the good workmanship and business 
ability of its founder. 

William A. Rumford was born in Emporia, Kansas, November 11, 
1883, the son of Morgan H. and Mary H. (Phillips) Rumford. He re- 
ceived his education in the Emporia, Kansas, public schools and the night 
school of Leavenworth, William Rumford was employed for twenty years 
by the William G. Hesse Manufacturing Company, the last seven years of 
which he was foreman of the night force. It was while he was working 
for the Hesse Manufacturing Company that William Rumford took a 
general course in the night school of Leavenworth. 

The marriage of William Rumford and Otillie Hashagen was solemn- 
ized December 19, 1906. She is a daughter of John H. Hashagen and 
wife, of Leavenworth, Kansas. Two children, both deceased, have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Rumford. Lester died at the age of six years and 
Fern died in infancy. 

W. A. Rumford is a member of the Modem Woodmen of America, 
a Knights Templar Mason, a member of the Shrine and a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce. He is indeed one of Leavenworth's substantial 
citizens worthy of the success which he is attaining. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 423 

F. L. Wise, a well known and successful business man of Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, who conducts an up-to-date meat market at this place, is 
a native of Nebraska. He was born in Dodge County, Nebraska, July 8, 
1875, a son of Constine and Mary Wise. Constine Wise died about 1883 
and Mrs. Mary Wise is now Mrs. S. E. Kennedy, living at Leavenworth, 
Kansas. Constine and Mary Wise were the parents of four children, as 
follows: Mrs. E. 0. Cannon, Leavenworth, Kansas; Henry, a carpenter of 
Leavenworth ; G. A., in Florida, and F. L., the subject of this review. 

F. L. Wise attended the public schools of Creighton, Nebraska, and 
Council Bluffs, Iowa. He learned the butcher's trade at Omaha, Ne- 
braska, but on his coming to Leavenworth in 1896 he was employed by 
L. C. Houseman. Mr. Wise opened his first butcher shop at Fifth avenue 
and Linn street in 1911. He had only five dollars in the till and no ice 
box. The first summer he fitted up a beer box for an ice box, until he 
was able to buy one for his shop. From small beginnings Mr. Wise has 
steadily increased his business. In May, 1916, he moved to his present 
location at Fourth and Elm streets. 

Mr. Wise was married in 1899 to Nellie M. Owens, of Davenport, 
Iowa, and four children have been born to this union, as follows : George 
F., for the past three years a railway mail clerk ; Fred, with his father in 
the meat market, also employed by the City Gas Company; Orville, in 
high school; and Dorothy, at home. 

F. L. Wise is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America. He re- 
sides at 223 Pine street. 



D. I. Atkinson, a well known grocer and native of Leavenworth 
County, was born in 1875 on a farm near Kickapoo, Kansas. He is the 
son of Thomas and Louisa (Swarts) Atkinson, the former deceased, the 
latter still living on the old home place. 

Thomas Atkinson is the son of Isaac Atkinson, a native of Virginia. 
Isaac Atkinson came to Leavenworth County in 1854, homesteading 160 
acres of land adjoining the present townsite of Kickapoo, Kansas. This 
land has been owned by the Atkinson family all these years, remaining in 
the Atkinson name until recently, when R. L. Gwartney, husband of Nellie 
Atkinson, purchased it. Wilson Ralston Atkinson, a brother of Isaac 
Atkinson, came from Virginia and homesteaded 160 acres of land also. 
It was this farm which Thomas Atkinson purchased in 1870 upon his 



424 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

marriage to Louisa Swarts. It was also the birthplace of D. I. Atkinson, 
the subject of this sketch. The first Indian mission started in Leaven- 
worth County was on this farm and was only recently torn down. It was 
a story and a half log cabin with two rooms. 

D. I. Atkinson was reared on this farm and attended the Kickapoo 
District School. When a young man he went to New Mexico, where he 
was in the mercantile business for twelve years. He returned from New 
Mexico in 1919 and in June, 1920, he purchased his present stock of 
groceries from Mr. Narher, now deceased. He is steadily increasing his 
business and winning new friends and customers. 

Mr. Atkinson has two daughters, Catherine and Ruth. He is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias, the Security Benefit Association and a past 
chancellor of the Knights Templar Masons. 

D. I. Atkinson is very familiar with many of the old settlers' names 
and faces. He recalls men, such as Uncle Jimmie Knox, Doctor Brown- 
field and Joseph Grover, whose granddaughter now lives on the old place. 
George Sharp was an early postmaster of Kickapoo and Mr. Atkinson 
recalls many tales that these old settlers used to tell of their early 
struggles and conditions. From his father and grandfather he also knows 
many of the early historic events of Leavenworth County. 



James W. Powell, well known employe of the Leavenworth and Topeka 
Railroad at Fifth and Choctaw streets, was born in Loudoun County, Vir- 
ginia, June 11, 1845. He is the son of Alfred Burr and Hannah (Smith) 
Powell. Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Powell came to Leavenworth, April 12, 1860, 
with eight children, as follows: James W., of this sketch; Mary, who is 
deceased ; Virginia, the widow of M. S. Grant ; Frank, who died in Okla- 
homa; Charles, who died in Leavenworth; Robert F., who owns the old 
home farm in Alexandria Township, Leavenworth County; M. T., a real 
estate agent in Leavenworth, and Howard F., a farmer in High Prairie 
Township. 

Alfred Bun- Powell came to Leavenworth County in 1857 as a Free 
State man from Wayne County, Indiana, and returned to Indiana. He 
came to Kansas again in 1860 with his family and settled in Alexandria 
Township, where he and his wife both died, he at the age of seventy-six 
years, in January, 1900, and she at the age of ninety years and twelve 
days, in August, 1910. Both are buried at Springdale Cemetery. 




J. W. POWELL 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 425 

The Powell family were pioneers of Alexandria Township, and James 
Powell knows much of its early history. In February, 1854, a number of 
Quakers came from Shawnee Mission and settled in Alexandria Township, 
where they started a Quaker Church. The leaders were Eli Wilson, Ben 
Hiatt and family, William Coffin, Daniel Mendenhall and Henry Wilson, 
and also Professor Stanley, who taught the first school in Leavenworth 
County, outside of the city of Leavenworth. The school was conducted 
in a log cabin about sixteen by sixteen feet square, and both school and 
church services were held there in 1855. In 1857, a church was built at 
Springdale, where the church is now located. An academy was conducted 
in the new church at Springdale in 1860, and this academy was attended 
by Quakers from all over the territory. The school was maintained and 
kept up until the public schools were established in Kansas. The school 
was taught by Prof. Mahlon Oliphant. Prior to the advent of railroads 
in the county, Springdale was a prosperous village, with three stoi'es, 
blacksmith shops, hotel, mill, etc. 

There were about sixty or seventy men from Alexandria Township 
who served in different Kansas regiments during the Civil War, and James 
W. Powell, the subject of this sketch, is the only one known to be living. 
John Brown and Sarah Ann Jeffries are the only people now living there 
who lived there when Kansas was admitted to the Union in 1861. The 
first frame house in Alexandria Township, which was built by Robert 
Courtney, is still standing and is occupied by Jane Courtney. 

James W. Powell was married May 2, 1869, to Cynthia A. Wickersham, 
at Springdale. She was a daughter of John Wickersham. She died Octo- 
ber 26, 1918. Mr. and Mrs. Powell have five daughters: Azalea, the wife 
of William Wright, of Leavenworth; Flora, widow of Frank Barbour, of 
Kansas City, Missouri; Elizabeth, wife of Hubert Vantloster, of Kansas 
City, Missouri; Clara, the wife of Frank Wright, of Leavenworth; and 
Grace, the widow of Harry Caldwell, Atchison, Kansas. 

Mr. Powell has eleven grandchildren, as follows: Rubie Wright, the 
wife of Sam Harbester, a clerk in the postoffice at Leavenworth; Glenn 
Barbour, of Kansas City, Missouri, who is chief clerk for the Canadian 
Pacific Railway Company; Osmund Vantloster; Helen Vantloster; Mau- 
rinne Caldwell ; Evalyn Caldwell ; William Caldwell ; Harriett Caldwell ; Jack 
Caldwell; and Constance. 

James W. Powell has lived a very serviceable life, both to his family 
and to his country. During the Civil War he was a member of Company 



426 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

F, Twelfth Kansas Infantry, under General Blunt, and served in the army 
of the frontier. His regiment was commanded by Gen. James Lane and 
Colonel Adams. He was in the battles of Jenkins Ferry, Arkansas; 
Prairie Deham and numerous other skirmishes. 

Mr. Powell moved to Leavenworth in 1881 and built the house where 
he now lives. He is well known and has a host of friends. He has been 
working for the Leavenworth and Topeka Railway Company for the past 
ten years. Mr. Powell was appointed postmaster at the Soldiers Home 
by President McKinley and served in that capacity for four years and 
two months. 



R. E. Doran, a successful grocer who for the past seven years has 
conducted an up-to-date grocery at the corner of Second and Pottawato- 
mie streets, Leavenworth, is a native of Leavenworth. He is the son 
of P. A. and Bridget (Fox) Doran, who were both born in Ireland and 
came to this country when children. P. A. Doran was employed at the 
Planters Hotel in pioneer days, and his wife, Bridget (Fox) Doran, was 
employed as a governess to to General Schofield's family. General Scho- 
field was located at Fort Leavenworth at this time. 

P. A. Doran and Bridget Fox were married in 1858 and they were 
the parents of five children, as follows: Mrs. Mary Talbott, Leavenworth; 
Mrs. A. C. Schwartz, Kansas City, Missouri; John and Thomas, both de- 
ceased; and Robert, the subject of this sketch. P. A. Doran died in 1900 
and his wife in 1899. 

Robert Doran received his early education in the parochial and public 
schools of Leavenworth and was employed in the restaurant and laundry 
business before he opened his grocery store at the present address in 
1914. He handles a complete line of groceries, fresh vegetables and 
meats. He owns the store building and with his two children, Dorothy 
and Bobbie, resides in the adjoining building south. 

Mr. Doran is a member of the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 



Dr. T. G. V. Boling, deceased, was a pioneer settler and physician of 
Leavenworth County and during the course of his career was prominently 
identified with the early development and progress of this county. He 
attended the Wesleyan College, at Delaware, Ohio, and graduated from 
the Cleveland, Ohio, Medical College. He located at Leavenworth, Kansas, 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 427 

in 1865 as a practicing physician. One year later he moved his residence 
to the farm on which his widow now resides. It was prairie at that time 
and he lived under the pioneer conditions of the day. At the time of his 
death, July 26, 1893, he owned 650 acres of land. This land is still owned 
by the heirs. 

Dr. T. G. V. Boling was elected State Senator for two terms from 
his district and while in the Legislature, was appointed on the Railroad 
Committee. The Leavenworth, Topeka & Southwestern railway runs 
through one corner of the farm and the station of Boling was named in 
honor of Doctor Boling. He was a prominent stock feeder and shipper of 
hogs and cattle and one of the very wealthy men of the county. 

Doctor Boling was born in Holmes County, Ohio, and was buried 
in High Prairie cemetery. 

T. G. V. Boling was married twice. The first time to Fannie Long of 
Millersburg, Ohio. One son, Dr. Robert L. Boling, was born to them. He 
married Elizabeth Mason. They live at Reno, Nevada. The second time 
he married Mrs. Mary J. (Keller) McCune. She was the daughter of 
Henry B. and Mary C. (Cook) Keller, of Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Henry B. Keller came to Kansas from Platte County, Missouri, about 
1857. He settled on a farm where he lived many years, later retiring to 
Leavenworth, where he died in 1897. Four of his sons were in the Civil 
War, as follows: Squire B., Benjamin F., David J., and George. The other 
children of the family were John H., Alonzo P., Andrew J., and Mrs. Bol- 
ing. Their mother, Mrs. Mary C. (Cook) Keller was born November 9, 
1820 and died December 4, 1870. 

Mrs. Mary J. (Keller) McCune was the widow of James B. McCune, 
who was born in Ohio. They were married in 1867 and one child was 
born to this union. James H. McCune, who now lives with his mother, 
unmarried. James McCune, Sr., was educated in Ohio and also attended 
Martin's Ferry Seminary of Virginia. He died at the age of thirty-four. 

Dr. T. G. V. Boling and Mary Keller (McCune) had two children 
born to them, Mary Stella, the widow of William A. Barnhardt, who 
passed away in 1907. They had one son, Robert Gordon, now sixteen years 
old, a student at the Jarbalo High School ; and William H. Boling, also un- 
married and at home with mother. 

The farm of Doctor Boling. now owned by his children and widow is 
located in High Prairie Township. It has belonged to the family for over 
fifty years and the name of Doctor Boling is kept fresh through the asso- 
ciations of this old-time landmark. 



428 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

C. E. Pettit, conducts a grocery at 1110 Spruce street, Leavenworth, 
the successor of the William Gough grocery. C. E. Pettit purchased this 
business in March, 1919, coming from St. Joseph, Missouri. 

C. E. Pettit was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, the son of John and 
Annie (Crook) Pettit. John Pettit was a farmer of Buchanan County 
Missouri, and died when C. E. Pettit was four years of age. Mrs. Annie 
(Crook) Pettit was born in Rushville, Missouri. By a former marriage to 
Mr. Creveling she had two children, Jesse, of St. Joseph, Missouri, and 
Mrs. Bertha Strickler, Colorado Springs, Colorado. John and Annie Pettit 
were the parents of the following children: C. E„ the subject of this sketch; 
Mrs. Flora Conberry, of Colorado Springs, Colorado ; and Mrs. Mattie Alex- 
ander, Savannah, Missouri. By a later marriage to Mr. Pullen, Mrs. 
Annie Pettit was the mother of twins, Claude of Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas; and Mrs. Maude Vey, of St. Joseph, Missouri. Mrs. Annie Pettit 
Pullen still resides in Leavenworth. 

C. E. Pettit was married April 2, 1919, to Pearl Edgell of Leavenworth. 
She is the daughter of Hezekiah and Julia (Knapp) Edgell. Hezekiah 
Edgell was an early settler of Leavenworth County, coming here from 
Handcock County, Indiana when a child with his widowed mother. They 
settled near Kickapoo, Kansas on a farm, where he worked with his 
mother on the farm. Before the Civil War, Hezekiah Edgell had crossed 
the western plains many times, following the old Santa Fe trail and driv- 
ing ox teams. During the Civil War he volunteered and joined Company 
I, 15th Kansas Cavalry. He served his country for two years and nine- 
teen days. He was in many important battles. At the close of the war, 
Hezekiah Edgell returned to his mother's farm and remained with her 
until he was married to Julia Knapp, in 1872. He was thirty-two years 
of age at this time. 

After his marriage, Hezekiah Edgell farmed in Waubaunsee County, 
Kansas, for five years. He then came to Leavenworth where he was en- 
gaged in the dairy business for many years. Later he and his wife 
moved to Boling, Kansas and engaged in farming, but again returned to 
Leavenworth where they continued in the dairy business until Heze- 
kiah Edgell was seventy years old. He died in 1918, seventy-eight years 
old. His wife, Julia (Knapp) Edgell resides at 1425 Spruce street. They 
had three children, as follows: Frank, at home at Leavenworth, Kansas; 
Thomas, also at home, and Mrs. Pearl Pettit. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 429 

Mr. Pettit since purchasing the William Gough grocery has been 
successfully conducting an up-to-date business, handling fresh groceries 
and fruits. 



Charles Gist, the capable and successful owner of the telephone ex- 
change at Boling, Kansas, was bom in High Prairie Township. He is the 
son of John and Kate (Wilhite) Gist. 

John Gist was born in Maryland, the son of George Gist, a surveyor. 
George Gist moved from Maryland to Ohio and from there went to Weston, 
Missouri. In 1850 he came to Leavenworth, Kansas. It was while on 
his surveying work that he met his death. 

In 1850, John Gist homesteaded land on the present site of Twenty- 
Second street in Leavenworth. In 1856, he sold this claim and purchased 
320 acres of land in High Prairie Township where he lived many years, 
taking an active interest in all of the local affairs of his county and town- 
ship. He was for years county commissioner from his district. His farm 
has improved in value and productivity as the years have gone by. In 
1899 he died and his wife died in 1907. They were the parents of the 
following children: Arthur, Leavenworth; Mrs. Emma Thompson, died 
near Waco, Texas; Charles, the subject of this sketch; Mrs. Minnie Lewis, 
deceased ; William, in Hollywood, California ; Walter, in Delaware Town- 
ship, Leavenworth County, and Maud, of Hollywood, California. 

Charles Gist attended the district school of High Prairie Township 
and the Spaulding Commercial College of Kansas City, Missouri. He fol- 
lowed farming for a number of years, then operated a blacksmith shop 
at Boling, later a general merchandise store at Boling for seven years. 
Mr. Gist owns a drug store at Plattsburg, Missouri, which is managed by 
his son-in-law, Rex Thorning. 

In 1904, Charles Gist took over the management of the Boling Tele- 
phone Company. The exchange has 205 phones in High Prairie, Alex- 
andria, Delaware and Tonganoxie townships. It is also connected up with 
the Leavenworth, Tonganoxie, Lansing, Basehor and Easton exchanges. 
Mr. Gist makes his home in Boling, Kansas, where he has ten acres of 
land, three acres of which are in orchard and the balance in grass and 
under cultivation. Charles Gist has always taken an active interest in 
the local affairs and has filled the office of treasurer of Prairie Township 
for a number of years. He is a substantial Leavenworth County citi- 



430 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

zen. He is a member of Modern Woodmen of America and the Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, at Boling, Kansas. 

In 1878, Charles Gist married Lucy Snell, a native of High Prairie 
Township. She died in 1895, leaving a family of five children, as follows : 
Frank, died at seven years; Dr. William Gist, of Kansas City, Missouri; 
Mary, wife of Rex Thorning, Plattsburg, Missouri; Grover, died when 
seventeen years of age; and Nora, at home. Mr. Gist was married the 
second time in 1899 to Emma Fisher, a daughter of George and Anna B. 
(Klaus) Fisher, of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. The former died January, 
1914, the latter lives in Leavenworth, Kansas. 



Dr. William Gist, the son of Charles and Lucy (Snell) Gist is now in 
charge of the General Hospital at Kansas City, Missouri. William Gist 
enlisted in the (Hospital Corps* Regular Army, when [only seventeen 
years of age and served in the Philippine Islands for three years. 

When Doctor Gist returned from the Philippines he attended the 
Kansas City Medical College, and graduated from this institution, and 
began practice in Kansas City, Missouri. When hostilities broke out on 
the Mexican border, he again enlisted, with the rank of Captain. He 
returned shortly after and took up his practice. Dr. Gist was in the 
National Guard and in 1917, he again enlisted in the army and was 
sent to Camp Funston, later to Camp Sill, Oklahoma, where he was to ar- 
range for the camping of the recruits. He was sent to France with the 
first detachment of troops. While here he was promoted to the rank of 
Major. He was in charge of the 110th Sanitary Train, a division of the 
hospital corps, attached to the 35th Division. 

After being in France for nearly fifteen months, Doctor Gist returned 
home. In 1920 he was appointed Superintendent of the General Hospi- 
tal at Kansas City, Missouri. 

Dr. William Gist married Gertrude Aaron, of High Prairie Township 
and they have one son, Wilmont. 



B. W. Stoneburner, the proprietor of Walnut Grove Dairy farm, one 
of the leading farms of this kind in High Prairie Township was born in 
Bates County, Missouri, January 1, 1884, the son of John and Hattie 
(Freeman) Stoneburner, both natives of Bates County, Missouri. John 
Stoneburner died in Boise City, Ohio, several years ago and his wife lives 
at Glencoe, Oklahoma. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 431 

B. W. Stoneburner received his education in Missouri, and came to 
Leavenworth County in 1911, settling in Delaware Township. He rented 
land for awhile and then bought the Evans farm in this township, which 
he still owns. He bought his home farm March, 1920, from T. I. Maines. 
This farm consists of 190 acres and is located southwest of Leavenworth. 
A building on the farm now used as a barn was formerly the county home. 
Mr. Stoneburner is in the dairy business and has eighteen grade Holstein 
cows. He ships milk to Kansas City, Missouri. He also raises mules, grade 
Poland-China hogs and White Leghorn chickens. Mr. Stoneburner has 
six acres in alfalfa. The farm is well watered, having five springs on the 
place and two good wells. The other improvements are residence, good 
barn and silo. The residence is situated on the "poor farm" road, which 
runs through the farm. 

Mr. Stoneburner was married August 11, 1915, to Carrie Evans, a 
daughter of Aaron and Serranda (Hartman) Evans. The former died 
November 23, 1885, and the latter died January 16, 1920. Both are buried 
at Mt. Muncie. Aaron Evans was a member of the Kansas State Militia 
at the time of Price's Raid. Mrs. Stoneburner was their only child and was 
born on the home place in Delaware Township. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stoneburner are energetic and industrious and stand 
high in their vicinity. 



A. C. Lark, a leading business man of Leavenworth, who manages 
the DeCoursey Creamery of Leavenworth at 321 Shawnee street is a 
native of Kansas City, Kansas. He attended the ward and high schools 
of that city and spent eighteen months in Spaulding's Commercial Col- 
lege, beginning at the latter school the day they opened up their new build- 
ing at Tenth and Oak streets. Mr. Lark was graduated from this school 
June, 1909, and, prior to coming to Leavenworth in September, 1919, he 
was with the DeCoursey Creamery at their Kansas City plant for two 
and one-half years, thus having a thorough knowledge of the business 
before accepting the position as manager of their branch here. Mr. Lark 
possesses marked executive ability and is thoroughly reliable. 

Ed DeCoursey was the founder of the DeCoursey Creameries, and 
is one of the pioneers in this business in Leavenworth, Kansas. He re- 
sides in Kansas City, Kansas, and his sons, James, Frank and William, are 
conducting the business, one of the most extensive of its kind in the state. 



432 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

The firm lives up to its motto — "Twin products of quality." The cream- 
ery at Kansas City, Kansas, manufactures White Rose butter and Per- 
fection ice cream, in which products they specialize. The company has 
large plants at Kansas City, Kansas ; Wichita, Kansas, and many branches 
throughout the state. McLouth, Leavenworth, and Yates Center are the 
most important ones. 

Mr. Lark is a native of Wyandotte County, Kansas, the son of Mark 
and Veronica (Weaver) Lark, who reside in Kansas City, Kansas. Mark 
Lark works for the Armour car lines, having charge of the construction of 
the cars. 

August 23, 1913, Mr. Lark was married to Mary Sneller, of Kansas 
City, Kansas, in which city she was born and reared. They have three 
children: Margaret, Paul and Richard. 



William L. LaCaille, a well known farmer of Kickapoo Township, is 
a native of this township, and was born July 12, 1865, the son of Julian 
and Lenora (Groff) LaCaille, and was the fourth of seven children born 
to them, as follows: Joseph, deceased; Josephine, deceased, who married 
Lemuel Wright; Eugene, deceased; Maggie, the wife of O. W. Hiatt, de- 
ceased; Nora, the wife of George Fellmann, of Leavenworth; Rosa, the 
wife of John Bedwell, of Lansing, Kansas. 

Julian LaCaille was a native of Canada, born October 12, 1819. He 
was a hardware clerk in early manhood, and later traveled extensively 
from St. Louis to California, where he was engaged in gold mining, and 
about the year 1856, he came to Kansas and engaged in farming in the 
northern part of Leavenworth County, in Kickapoo Township. Later he 
engaged in the mercantile business in the Salt Creek Valley, and conducted 
a tavern and grocei-y store until his death in 1895. He was a member of 
the school board, and belonged to the Catholic Church, and assisted in 
organizing Sacred Heart Church of Kickapoo Township. His wife was 
born in Baden, Germany in 1829 and died in 1905. Both she and her 
husband are buried in Kickapoo Cemetery. 

William LaCaille has always lived on a farm. He bought his first 
farm in 1893, which was known as the old Col. Bill Cody farm in Kickapoo 
Township. He improved this place and still owns it, which is two miles 
west of his present residence. The place where he now makes his home 
was owned by David Powers, and there is a large, modern brick residence 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 433 

on this farm, which was constructed in 1872. Mr. LaCaille is an enterpris- 
ing and progressive citizen of his community. He was educated in the 
district schools, is a member of the Catholic Church, and of the Modern 
Woodmen of America Lodge. In politics, he is a Democrat. 

May 20, 1891, Mr. LaCaille was married to Katherine Schweizer, who 
was born in the town of Kickapoo, December 14, 1872, the daughter of 
George and Katherine (Schott) Schweizer, who were natives of Germany 
and Kansas respectively. George Schweizer is deceased and a sketch of 
him appears in this volume. 

Mr. and Mrs. LaCaille are the parents of five children, the oldest hav- 
ing died in infancy. The other children are: William G., of Pasadena, 
California; Doerle, the wife of J. F. Doran, of Topeka, Kansas; Rosa and 
Katherine, at home. They also have the following grandchildren: Robert 
and Pauline LaCaille, and Thomas Lewis, Doran. 

William G. LaCaille was a soldier during the World War, and served 
twelve months. He went overseas with the Three Hundred and Twelfth 
Field Artillery, and was a private. 

William LaCaille was the very efficient superintendent of the County 
Poor Farm from 1905 until 1911, and served on the school board for 
eighteen years. 



John N. Kopp, is a pioneer citizen of Leavenworth, and proprietor of 
one of this city's important industrial institutions, operating an ice, fuel 
and feed business at Eighth and Miami streets. He was born May 16, 
1873, the son of John and Margaret (Maurer) Kopp, the latter now lives 
at Eleventh and Pottawatomie streets. John Kopp was one of the pioneer 
business men of Leavenworth. He started the ice business in 1859 and 
followed this industry until his death in 1896. He obtained his ice from 
the Missouri River, having ice houses at Third and Chestnut streets and 
Eleventh and Miami streets. He is buried at Mt. Muncie. 

Mr. and Mrs. John Kopp were the parents of the following children: 
Mrs. Louise Conrad, Mrs. Louis Falk, John N., the subject of this sketch; 
and Margaret, the wife of Charles Baer, deceased, of Denver, Colorado. 

John N. Kopp has spent all of his life in Leavenworth. He succeeded 
his father in business in 1898. He also sells a two in one ice saw which 
he patented November 22, 1910. This saw is very useful in the ice busi- 
ness, as it saves labor, time and money. Mr. Kopp has orders for it from 

(24) 



434 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

all parts of the United States. Mr. Kopp has also found time to take an 
active interest in the affairs of the town and in April, 1906, was elected 
a member of the council and served two years. He was re-elected and 
served one year, when the Commission form of government was adopted. 
Peter Everhardy, now Finance Commissioner, was mayor at the time Mr. 
Kopp served as Councilman. Mr. Kopp is a good business man, and has 
many friends in this vicinity. Mr. Kopp is a member of the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles, Redmen and Turners. 

October 16, 1900, Mr. Kopp was married to Rose Clark, of Paola, 
Kansas. They have three children : John T., Loretta and Clark Leo. The 
family reside at 505 North Eleventh street, and are among the town's 
best citizens. 



George H. Kuhnhoff, a progressive young farmer of High Prairie 
Township, is a native of Kansas, and was born in Atchison County, March 
4, 1898, the son of W. A. and Ottelia (Hinz) Kuhnhoff, who now reside in 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 

George Kuhnhoff was educated in the Leavenworth schools, attending 
the high school for three years. For the past twelve years, he has been 
on the home farm of 160 acres, formerly the Murray farm, which is lo- 
cated one and one-half miles north of Boling, Kansas. Mr. Kuhnhoff 
does general farming at present, but intends to devote most of his time 
to dairying, as that is the line in which he is most interested. Mr. Kuhn- 
hoff has eight head of cows registered, and a registered Holstein bull, 
also twenty-five grade cattle. The milk from the dairy is delivered to 
Boling, Kansas. Mr. Kuhnhoff made a seven-day test of his cow Arcturus 
Ormsby Winnie, No. 434159, three and one-half years old, with a recoi-d 
of seventeen and sixty-two hundredths pounds of butter, and he has 
other cows almost up to this record ; one sixteen and one-half pounds and 
another with thirteen and one-half pounds. He uses a Pinetree milker of 
two double unit capacity for four cows at one time. In 1914, Mr. Kuhnhoff 
erected a re-inforced concrete silo which is considered by him as the best 
investment on the farm. He is very energetic and has a good, up-to-date 
improved place. 

On June 2, 1920, Mr. Kuhnhoff was married to Marie Seifert, a 
daughter of William and Flora (Ittner) Seifert of High Prairie Town- 
ship. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 435 

Mr. Kuhnhoff is a member of the Farm Bureau of Leavenworth 
County and of the Farm Bureau of the State of Kansas. 



Samuel Z. Babcock, a well known and prosperous farmer of High 
Prairie Township has accumulated a large number of acres of land, due 
to industrious labor and good management. He was born in Platte County, 
Missouri, May 15, 1847, the son of Charles and Paulina (Moore) Babcock; 
his father and mother were married in Platte County Missouri, and lived 
six miles from Platte City, until their death, he at the age of sixty-seven, 
and she at the age of seventy-eight. 

Samuel Babcock was educated in the private schools in Platte County, 
and, at the age of twenty-two began farming there. In 1882 he moved six 
miles southeast of Tonganoxie, Kansas, buying 184 acres of land, later ad- 
ding sixteen acres, where he lived until 1917 when he moved to his present 
farm of forty acres. He also owns farms of 103 acres, eighty acres and 
160 acres. Two hundred acres of his land is in the Big Stranger bottom, 
and is among the best land in the county. He cleared many acres of the 
land himself. Mr. Babcock says he was once a good wood chopper, but 
doesn't claim to be now. Mr. Babcock drove ox teams for several years 
when a young man. He has a keen memory and can tell many interesting 
incidents of early days, and well remembers the Indians in Platte County, 
Missouri. 

Mr. Babcock is litterally a self made man. He says that when he had 
paid the minister for marrying him, he had only one dollar left. He 
began driving oxen, for which re received $2.50 per day, which was unusual 
wages for that time, as fifty and seventy-five cents per day, without 
board, was considered average wages. Mr. Babcock bought his first land 
in 1882 for $23.50 per acre; the next at $20; then $30, and $67.50. 

In 1875, Mr. Babcock was married to Mary Naylor, a native of Platte 
County, Missouri, and a daughter of Tilman and Rebecca Jane Naylor. 
Tilman Naylor was a native of Kentucky, and was among the earliest 
settlers of Platte County. He and his wife had seventy-five grandchildren 
and eight great grandchildren at the time of their death. 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Babcock are the parents of seven children: 
Edward, a farmer in Platte County, Missouri ; Jesse, a farmer near Tong- 
anoxie; Alza Eugene, a farmer near Tonganoxie; Matthew, who follows 
the tiling business near Tonganoxie; Olie, a farmer in Sherman Town- 



436 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

ship; Madaline, the wife of Roy Allison, a farmer of Tonganoxie; and 
Mabel Eunice, who lives at home. Mr. and Mrs. Babcock have the fol- 
lowing grandchildren : Wilma, Lawrence, Cecil Jane, Letha, Samuel, Violet, 
Leona, Eunice, Lloyd, Mary Alice, Norman Babcock, and Dorothy May 
Allison. 



Joseph Kowalewski, who is a successful farmer and grocer of Delaware 
Township, and who lives one-fourth mile from the city limits of Leaven- 
worth on the Lawrence road, is a native of Leavenworth, born July 15, 
1885 the son of Sevirean and Mary (Parkerovitz) Kowalewski. His father 
and mother are now living in Leavenworth. Sevirean Kowalewski was 
formerly superintendent of the county farm, and also conducted a grocery 
store in Leavenworth for three years. Later, he followed dairying until 
he retired from business. 

Mr. and Mrs. S. Kowalewski are the parents of the following children : 
Mrs. Lottie Kern, of High Prairie Township; Tony, of Leavenworth, and 
Joseph, the subject of this sketch. 

Joseph Kowalewski was educated in the public schools of Leaven- 
worth, and has been engaged in farming practically all his life. He owns 
five acres where he lives and 160 acres nearby. In April, 1920, he 
started a grocery, and has done a good business. Mr. Kowalewski is a 
member of the Modern Woodmen of America, of Boling, Kansas. He is an 
enterprising, substantial citizen. 

Mr. Kowalewski was married August 30, 1910, to Maiy Martens of 
High Prairie Township, a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Martens, the 
latter being deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kowalewski have four children : Elinor Gertrude, Joseph 
William, Dorothy Louise and Mary Alice. 



J. F. Brune, an exceptionally successful farmer of Jarbalo, Kansas, 
was born in Indiana, February 1, 1875, the son of Fred and Catherine 
(Meinkein) Brune, who came from Indiana and settled in Alexandria 
Township in 1889. Fred Brune died about the year 1905. His widow lives 
in Alexandria Township. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Brune were the parents of the following children: 
Anna Hilderbrandt, of San Antonio, Texas; Mary Benne; William, who 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 437 

lives on the home place ; J. F., of this sketch ; Louis and Henry, of Alex- 
andria Township; Fred, of High Prairie Township; August, who died 
at the age of twenty-three years ; and Harry, of High Prairie Township. 

J. F. Brune was educated in the district schools of this county. He 
lived at home until he was twenty-three years old when he rented land. 
Mr. Brune's first land was 160 acres which he purchased in 1903, two miles 
north of Jarbalo, and on which he now resides. He continued to buy land 
until at present he owns 800 acres in High Prairie and Alexandria town- 
ships. He also owns several acres in Tonganoxie Township. Mr. Brune 
farms the entire estate, and raises stock. Four hundred acres that he 
owns is bottom land. He has eighty acres of alfalfa on his farm, which 
he uses for pasture. He raises Poland-China hogs, and feeds cattle. Mr. 
Brune has four sets of improvements on his farm, which are provided for 
the help who assist him with the work. For ten years, Mr. Brune was in 
the grain business in Jarbalo, buying and shipping. He also handled 
live stock. He has always been a hustler, and has made a success, depend- 
ing on his own business judgment. Mr. Brune is a member of the Grange 
at Jarbalo. 

Mr. Brune was married July 4, 1901 to Hattie Trackwell, of Tong- 
anoxie Township, a daughter of Frank and Mina (Worland) Trackwell, 
both deceased. Mrs. Brune was born in this county. Her father died No- 
vember 20, 1918 and her mother December 9, 1895. They are buried at 
Eagle Cemetery. Mr. and Mrs. Brune have five children ; Stella, who is in 
her third year of high school; Blanche, Mabel, Agnes and Francis. 



Max Flinner, a leading farmer and stock man and the proprietor 
of Flinner stock farm in High Prairie Township, which is located three 
miles southwest of Boling and three miles northeast of Jarbalo on the 
Perryville road, was born on the farm where he now lives, and where 
his father and mother, John and Emma (Somers) Flinner were married 
in 1883. Max Flinner bought the farm in 1919. It consists of 200 acres 
and is one of the best stock farms in the township. It has excellent 
running water the year around. The improvements are a modern two- 
story, nine-room residence ; barn, forty by eighty feet, with ten foot base- 
ment, also running water in the barn, and other buildings. 

John Flinner put the improvements on the place, and was the first 
man in the county to have a telephone, which he made himself, and which 



438 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

connected his residence with that of his son, Louis Flinner. The tele- 
phone used had a sheep head drum and a knock on the button attracted 
the attention of one at the other end of the line. Mr. Flinner also in- 
vented the Flinner automatic gate, upon which he has five patents. This 
gate is used all over the United States. Another invention of Mr. run- 
ner's is a patent conductor check holder and a fence weaving machine. 
When he lived on the farm, he raised Shorthorn cattle and Poland-China 
hogs. Mr. Flinner served two terms as township treasurer and served 
twelve years on the school board. Mr. and Mrs. Flinner are the parents 
of the following children : Louis, who died at the age of thirty-six years, 
and whose widow, Emma (Cavaner) Flinner, lives on the home place; 
William, who is in the oil business in Tulsa, Oklahoma ; John, a merchant 
of Tulsa, Oklahoma ; Mrs. Herbert Kihm, of Leavenworth, and Max Flinner, 
the subject of this sketch. 

Max Flinner was educated in the public schools and for six years 
lived in Leavenworth, where he attended the high school and worked in 
his father's gate factory. He came to the farm, where he now lives, in 
1911 ; rented the place for eight years, and then bought it. In 1918 a well 
was drilled for oil at a depth of 800 feet on this farm, but turned out non- 
productive. Mr. Flinner feeds cattle and hogs. He raises Duroc Jersey 
hogs, Barred Plymouth Rock poultry and does general farming, having 
forty acres of alfalfa and eighty acres of wheat. 

Mr. Flinner was married March 15, 1911, to Florence Hampel, a native 
of Leavenworth, and daughter of George and Louise (Meyer) Hampel, 
the latter now living in Leavenworth, the former being deceased. Mr. and 
Mrs. Flinner have had four children as follows: Ruth, Charles, Howard 
and Roy; the last two being dead. Mr. and Mrs. Flinner are members 
of the Lutheran Evangelical Church at Leavenworth, Kansas. The family 
is of high standing in the community. 



Samuel H. Hill is one of the leading and progressive citizens of Acker- 
land, Kansas. He is a merchant, postmaster and station agent for the L. 
& T. Railroad. He was born in Grant County, Indiana September 16, 1856, 
the son of Benoni and Aseneath (Newby) Hill; both came to Kansas in 
1878 and settled at Wilson. Benoni Hill was born in Randolph County, 
North Carolina and his wife was born in Gulford County, North Carolina. 
Major General Greene of Revolutionary fame was a great uncle of Mrs. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 439 

Hill. She died at Seneca, Kansas in 1912 at the age of ninety-one years, 
and Benoni Hill died at Lawrence, Kansas, in 1912 at the age of eighty- 
six years. Both are buried in Fall Creek Cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. Benoni Hill were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Jesse W. Hill of Lawrence, Kansas; Samuel H. Hill, of this sketch; 
Lydia N. Auspaugh of Ness City, Kansas ; Nancy Bloom of Seneca, Kansas. 

Samuel H. Hill received his education in the schools of Grant County, 
Indiana. He attended Back Creek High School, and also took a course at 
South Wabash Academy near Wabash City, Indiana. He came to Kansas 
in October, 1878 and located near Great Bend, following carpentering for 
a year. In 1879 he went to Jarbalo, Kansas where he operated a saw 
mill on Stranger Creek for six and one-half years. In 1887, he bought 
the Ackerland store, taking charge on March 1st, of that year. He was 
appointed postmaster by John Wannamaker April 8, 1889, under President 
Harrison's administration, and has held this position continuously since 
that time, with the exception of the years 1895 to 1896, when he repre- 
sented the Sixth District in the Legislature. His wife worked in the 
postoffice for five years. Mr. Hill stands second in length of service of 
postmasters in the state, the oldest being the postmaster at Oak Mills, 
Atchison County. In 1898, Mr. Hill was appointed station agent and has 
held this position since that time. Mr. Hill has made a success of every 
line of work in which he is engaged, and has many friends throughout 
the township. He carries a general line of merchandise in his store, and 
also buys and sells country produce. 

December 20, 1883, Mr. Hill was married to Sarah E. Ecton, who 
died July 4, 1888. He married his present wife, Mary F. Kinkaid of Acker- 
land, a daughter of Benjamin D. and Elizabeth Kinkaid, November 15, 
1889. Benjamin Kinkaid is deceased and buried at Eagle Cemetery and 
his wife lives in Tonganoxie Township. 



Louis Brune, a well known farmer, a member of one of the leading 
families of Alexandria Township, was born in Indiana February 15', 
1878, the son of Frederick and Catherine (Meinken) Brune. His father 
is dead and his mother lives on the home place in Alexandria Township. 

Louis Brune received his education in the district schools of Alex- 
andria Township, and stayed on the home place until twenty-one years 
of age, as did his brothers, who are: William, now living on the home 



440 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

place; John of High Prairie Township; Henry of Alexandria Township; 
Fred and Harry of High Prairie Township. He has two sisters : Mrs. Anna 
Hildebrandt of San Antonio, Texas, and Mary Benne of High Prairie 
Township. 

Louis Brune bought his present home of sixty-four acres in 1911 from 
his brother, Fred Brune. He is now farming 157 acres and does general 
farming and stock raising. Mr. Brune has placed many permanent im- 
provements on his farm. Among them are a two-story residence, a large 
barn, and other buildings for farm use. Mr. Brune is a practical farmer, 
and has good ideas based upon his experience. 

In February, 1903, Mr. Brune was married to Edith Sample, a 
daughter of Robert and Julia Sample, both now deceased. Mrs. Brune was 
bora in Tonganoxie Township and educated at Jarbalo, Kansas. Her father 
died when she was quite young. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brune have six children: Julia, who attends Jarbalo 
High School ; Myrtle, also a student in high school ; Thelma, Rowena, Floyd 
and Carl. 

Mr. Brune is a member of the Yeoman Lodge. He receives his mail on 
Rounte One, out of Jarbalo. 



Thomas Wosser, a highly respected farmer of Kickapoo Township, is 
a member of a pioneer family of this county, and was born in this town- 
ship January 7, 1860. He is the son of Richard and Ann (Donnely) 
Wosser, who were the parents of ten children, as follows: Mary, the wife 
of Joseph Hentzelman, of Mt. Olivet, Kansas; Thomas, the subject of this 
sketch; Johanna Cahill, of Mt. Olivet, Kansas; Victoria, who lives at 
home with her brother, John; Catherine, married Victor Heintzelman, of 
Mt. Olivet, Kansas; John, on the old home place in Kickapoo Township; 
James and Edward, both of whom are deceased ; Anna, a Sister of Charity 
at St. John's Hospital in Leavenworth, Kansas, and who has been in this 
hospital for twenty-five years and is known as Sister Frances Marie; and 
Nellie, at home. Anna and Edward are twins. 

Richard Wosser was born in County Meath, Ireland about 1809 and 
died in 1884. He came to Leavenworth, Kansas in 1854 and engaged in 
carpenter work, and conducted the first carpenter shop in that city. In 
1858 he began farming, but was called out in the militia during Price's 
Raid in the Civil War. He returned to farming and engaged in this occu- 




THOMAS WOSSER AXD GRANDSONS. OWEN AND FRANCIS BUCHANAN 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 441 

pation until his death. His wife was born in County Kerry, Ireland, March 
17, 1827 and died in 1919. She came to the United States in 1854 and 
worked for Col. Bill Cody's uncle at Weston, Missouri. She was well 
acquainted with the late Col. William Cody. She was a hard working 
and industrious woman. 

Thomas Wosser was reared on the farm and only received three 
months' schooling out of the year. He worked for a while as a farm 
hand, then rented land for twelve years, and, in 1899, bought his present 
farm of eighty acres, on which he has made some improvements. When 
he was twenty-one years old, he served three terms as township clerk 
and four terms as township trustee of Kickapoo Township. 

February 18, 1885, he married Mary Kennedy, who was born in this 
township in 1859, the daughter of Lawrence and Eliza A. (Dunn) Ken- 
nedy. She died March 6, 1915. Mr. and Mrs. Wosser had eight children, 
as follows : Frances, the wife of Frank P. Goddard, of Kickapoo Township ; 
Anna, the wife of Owen Buchanan, of Twin Falls, Idaho; Catherine and 
James, deceased; Sarah, of Leavenworth, Kansas; the last two named 
being twins; Margaret, of Leavenworth; Edward, at home; and a child 
who died in infancy. 

Mr. Wosser is a Democrat, a member of the Catholic Church and be- 
longs to the Modern Woodmen of^ America Lodge. 

Mr. Wosser has served four terms as township trustee and three 
terms as township clerk. He was elected five terms without opposition. 



Henry J. Brune, a well informed and prosperous farmer of Alexandria 
Township, living one and one-half miles northwest of Jarbalo, Kansas, 
was born in Tonganoxie Township January 26, 1880, the son of Frederick 
and Catherine (Meinken) Brune; the latter now living on the home place 
in Alexandria Township. 

Henry Brune attended the public schools of his district, and worked 
on his father's farm until he was twenty-three years of age. In 1910, he 
bought his present home place of one hundred acres from Fred and Nancy 
Mason. He has a good residence and a barn, which is thirty-two by thirty- 
six feet; also other buildings including a tool shed, corn crib, granary, 
etc. He has an excellent well, and Big Stranger Creek runs through his 
farm. Fifty acres of his farm is bottom land, and on seven acres, Mr. 



442 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Burne raises alfalfa. He raises pure blood Duroc Jersey hogs, as well 
as other stock. 

In 1902, Mr. Brune was married to Nettie Buchheister of Tonganoxie, 
Kansas, a daughter of Albert and Amanda Buchheister, both deceased. 
They were natives of Iowa, first locating in western Kansas, then later 
moving to Tonganoxie, where they both died. Mr. and Mrs. Brune have 
four children ; Edythe, Albert, Erma and Glenn, 

Mr. Brune is a member of the Yeoman Lodge, the Modem Woodmen 
of America Lodge, and of the Farmer's Grange. He receives his mail at 
Jarbalo, Kansas, Route Number One. 



John Schmidt, well known and popular Buick taxi service man, was 
born in Germany November 25, 1870, the son of Charles and Mary 
Schmidt, both now deceased. 

John Schmidt came to America when a boy, in 1884, and joined the 
United States Army in New York City. During the year 1890 and 1891 
he was in the Sioux campaign in Montana. In 1894 he came to Fort 
Leavenworth with the Twentieth United States Infantry, and was dis- 
charged from he army in 1896. During the Cuban war, in 1898, he 
reenlisted with Company H, Twentieth Infantry, and was in service in 
Cuba. He participated in the battles of El Caney and San Juan Hill. 
He returned to Fort Leavenworth the second time and was discharged, 
but joined the Sixth United States Cavalry and went to the Philippine 
Islands, and was in he campaign there with Generals Funston, Bell, 
Weedon and Otis. Mr. Schmidt served eleven years in the United States 
Army in all, and made an excellent record. His discharges show the 
clean, efficient work he did in all the different places where he served. 

In 1906 Mr. Schmidt came to Leavenworth and settled on a farm in 
Kickapoo Township which he had purchased in 1898. He still owns this 
place of ten acres and makes it his home. In 1916 Mr. Schmidt opened 
the Buick taxi service and operates four cars. He has made a success 
of this business. Mr. Schmidt also takes an interest in the affairs of 
his township and has served on the school board in his district for 
three years. 

In 1893 Mr. Schmidt was married to Mary Boedettes of Leavenworth, 
Kansas. They have one son, Harry, born May 11, 1897, who assists his 
father in the taxi business. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 443 

Robert B. and Walter C. Yoakum, leading contractors of Leaven- 
worth, came from a pioneer family. They are grandsons of Washington 

C. Yoakum, who was born in Tazewell, Tennessee, near Cumberland Gap, 
and was reared in eastern Tennessee. When a young man he went to 
Alabama and learned the contracting business. He was married in Ala- 
bama to Elizabeth (Tunstall). From that state he went to Atlanta, 
Georgia, where he spent several years. In 1857 he located in Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, at Broadway and Ottawa streets. He died in this county 
about 1870 and is buried near Fairmont, Kansas, of this county. 

William T. Yoakum, a son of Washington Yoakum and the father of 
the subject of this sketch, was born at Huntsville, Alabama, in 1840 and 
came with his father to Leavenworth in 1857. He followed contracting 
and building until his death in November, 1918. He was a member of 
the Kansas State Militia. 

Robert B. Yoakum was born in Leavenworth June 19, 1869 and 
Walter C. Yoakum was bom October 10, 1875. Both were educated at 
Leavenworth, and Robert Yoakum was graduated from the Michigan 
Military Academy, near Detroit. The two comprise the firm known as 
"R. B. Yoakum, Contractor." This firm has been under this name since 
1894. They are experts in their line of work and do a large business 
in the city, but the majority of their work is confined to Fort Leaven- 
worth. They own their building at 515 Delaware street. Among the 
buildings they have erected are : New Leavenworth High School building ; 
Presbyterian Church adjoining the high school; St. John's Hospital, Luth- 
eran Church ; the main building of the Great Western Stove Company, also 
their building at Oklahoma City; the library building at Fort Leaven- 
worth, and many of the fine residences of the city, including those of E. 

D. Lyle, Hiram R. Wilson and Samuel Wilson. The Yoakum Brothers 
are live business men and have an extensive acquaintance throughout the 
county. 

R. B. Yoakum was married October 28, 1909 to Alice M. Forrester 
of Leavenworth, a daughter of P. E. and Mary Forrester, both deceased. 
They had a daughter Florence, who died at the age of six years. They' 
reside at 220 Second avenue. 

Walter C. Yoakum was married June 26, 1911, to Wilma P. McCreary 
of Leavenworth, a daughter of M. B. and Clara McCreary. They have 
three children: Ruth Vickery, Wilma Caroline and Clara Elizabeth. The 



444 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

family reside at 932 South Broadway. Mr. Yoakum is a member of the 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. 

The Yoakum family have been identified with the Presbyterian 
Church for a number of years, Washington C. Yoakum building the first 
Presbyterian Church here in 1858, which was a frame building on Seneca 
street. William Yoakum built the second church in 1870 on Delaware 
street, between Sixth and Seventh streets, and the two sons now in busi- 
ness built the third Presbyterian Church on Fourth and Walnut streets 
in 1907. 



Miller B. McCreary, who for more than thirty-five years has been a 
leading business man of Leavenworth, was born in Wabash County, In- 
diana November 20, 1850, the son of Rev. Lewis and Martha Ann (Shack- 
leford) McCreary. His father was born in Knox County, Ohio, in 1829, 
and was a pioneer Baptist minister for more than fifty years in Indiana, 
Illinois and Kansas. He came to Leavenworth in 1886 and died in 1893 
and is buried at Mt. Muncie Cemetery. His wife died in 1865 and is 
buried in Rensselaer, Indiana. 

Rev. and Mrs. McCreary had the following children: Miller B., of 
this sketch; Rev. Davis L., a Methodist minister at Kansas City, Mis- 
souri; William L., agent for Monon railroad at Rossville, Indiana, and 
Mrs. Gussie McCreary of Vancouver, Washington. 

Miller B. McCreary was educated in the public schools of Indiana 
and came to Kansas in 1872, where he engaged in farming for a few 
years. He then learned the bridge building trade and was in Utah during 
the summers of 1874 and 1875. He came to Leavenworth in May, 1883 
and in 1885 became an ice dealer, and for fourteen years secured natural 
ice from the Missouri River and surrounding lakes or ponds in this vi- 
cinity. When ice manufacturing machines came into use, he sold their 
products exclusively. When he first began business he had an office on 
the site of the Axa building. His plant is now located at Fifth and Oak 
streets. Twenty-two years ago Mr. McCreary began handling coal, and 
he now is a dealer for both ice and coal, and is considered a reliable and 
dependable business man. 

In May, 1883, Mr. McCreary was married to Clarissa H. Mann, a 
daughter of Aaron and Mary E. Mann, the latter now eighty-seven years 
of age, and who resides with her daughter, Mrs. McCreary. Aaron Mann 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 445 

was formerly a shoe merchant of Kansas City, Missouri. He is now 
deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. McCreary have two children living: Miller A., an esti- 
mating engineer for the Hadley Refining Company of Danville, Illinois, 
and Wilma Pearl, the wife of Walter Yoakum of Leavenworth, Kansas, 
the latter being a contractor of the firm of Yoakum Brothers of this city. 
One daughter Ruth, deceased, was the wife of Lieut. Glenn E. Wood of 
Kansas City, Missouri. She died June 30, 1918 and is buried in Leaven- 
worth. Her husband, Glenn E. Wood, was in the aviation service of the 
United States during the war and stationed in Michigan. He was one 
of the 1,500 volunteers to answer to Pershing's call for volunteers, and 
was commissioned to go overseas two days before the armistice was signed. 
He was mustered out in December, 1920. Mr. and Mrs. McCreary have 
five grandchildren: Ruth V. Yoakum, Wilma Caroline, Clarissa Elizabeth, 
Mary E. McCreary and Robert McCreary. 

The McCreary family is recognized as one of the substantial ones of 
the city, well liked and highly respected. 



William Henderson, deceased, was a well known pioneer of Alexandria 
Township, and a native of Virginia, born in 1834. His parents first 
settled in Missouri, but came to Leavenworth County before the Civil 
War and homesteaded land in Alexandria Township, two miles northwest 
of Jarbalo. The Henderson farm was one of the first settled in Alex- 
andria Township, and a cabin is still standing that was used for a tenant 
house. The cabin, which was built by John Henderson, the father of 
William Henderson, is forty-eight by thirty-two feet, and was the best 
house in this vicinity at the time it was built. Hewed walnut logs forty- 
eight feet long were used in the construction. A hand made loom used 
by Mrs. John Henderson is in the old building. John Henderson was a 
member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. He died at the age of 
seventy-five years and is buried at Fall Creek Cemetery. 

William Henderson was married in Platte County, Missouri, in 1864 
to Sarah Lutes, a native of Georgia, and the same year they moved to 
Kansas and located on the farm where Mrs. Henderson now lives. Wil- 
liam Henderson owned 204 acres at the time of his death, and did general 
farming and stock raising and was very successful. He was a member 
of the school board of this district, his father having helped organize 



446 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

the district. William Henderson was one of the fifty-four men who en-* 
listed in the State Militia from Alexandria Township during the Civil War. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Henderson were the parents of three children: 
William, who lives on the home place; Sarah, the wife of Ralph Hutchin- 
son of Boling, Kansas; and May, at home. The parents of Mrs. Hender- 
son, Joseph and Sarah (Steele) Lutes, were of English descent. The 
Henderson children were all educated at Star school house in District 
No. 62. 

William Henderson, Jr., together with his mother and sister, lives 
on the home place. He left home when thirty years of age and was a 
carpenter for fifteen years, returning home in 1919. He is now in charge 
of the farm. For the past three years he has made a specialty of raising 
pure bred Duroc Jersey hogs, and has about fifty head on hands. His 
sister is interested in Buff Orpington poultry and has a nice flock. 



William M. Brune is the energetic proprietor of a large stock and 
grain farm near Jarbalo, Kansas, in Alexandria Township, and was born 
December 25, 1872 in Indiana, the son of Fred and Catherine (Meinken) 
Brune, the former deceased and the latter living on the home farm. 
Fred Brune was a stockman and farmed and owned 410 acres of land, 
formerly owned by C. P. Dewey of Chicago. Mrs. Brune was born in 
Germany November 21, 1843, and still leads an active life. She does the 
house work and last year made more than 1,000 pounds of butter, using 
the old fashioned dash churn. 

William Brune attended the Star school in District No. 62 and has 
lived in Alexandria Township all of his life. He has many friends here. 
He farms the home place of 480 acres, besides fanning 270 acres else- 
where. He has 100 acres in meadow, twenty acres in alfalfa, having four 
cuttings last year, and 280 acres in wheat. He has forty Shorthorn 
cattle on the place and seventy head of Poland-China hogs. The farm is 
mostly second bottom land and the remainder is upland. Mr. Brune has 
two tenant houses on the place and usually has three form hands em- 
ployed. The farm is situated one mile north and one and one-half miles 
west of Jarbalo, Kansas, and is one of the most excellent stock and grain 
farms in the township. 

Mr. Brune is one of the substantial and progressive citizens of the 
county who has done his part in stock and grain production of this section. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 447 

John S. Campbell, deceased, was an enterprising and progressive 
farmer of Alexandria Township for many years. He was born in Warren 
County, Missouri, in 1833 and reared there, coming to Kansas in 1859 
and settling in Leavenworth County, Alexandria Township. In 1860 he 
was married to Sarah F. Henderson, a native of Virginia, who was born 
October 16, 1843, and who now lives on the home farm two and one-half 
miles northwest of Jarbalo. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell moved to this farm 
in 1862. Mr. Campbell owned 278 acres at the time of his death, Novem- 
ber 15, 1893, which had heavy timber on most of it at the time he pur- 
chased the place. He improved the land and did general farming. He 
was a very progressive citizen, and was a charter member of the first 
grange organized in this township. He also served on the school board 
a number of years. 

Mr. and Mrs. John S. Campbell enjoyed the pioneer home life, the 
wide prairies and the winding Indian trails. The Indian reservation was 
one and one-half miles from their home, and the Delaware Indian women 
came to their home peddling baskets, shells and bead ornaments, carrying 
their papooses on their backs. Mrs. Campbell relates many interesting 
experiences of those days. She is still active, has good eyesight and does 
her own house work. 

The Fall Creek Cemetery adjoins the Campbell farm. Jesse Hen- 
derson, a brother of Mrs. Campbell, was buried there in 1856, the first 
burial in this cemetery. It was first used as a private cemetery, but in 
1885 was made a public burying ground. 

Mr. and Mrs. John S. Campbell had the following children : Anna, the 
wife of William O. Bell, of Alexandria Township; Addie, who lives at 
home and was formerly a teacher of the county ; Eugene, of Kansas City, 
Missouri, who married Viola Banner; James H., who lives at home and 
manages the home place, a carpenter by trade; and John T. Campbell, 
who for nine years has been in government service at Yellowstone Park 
and at present is a guide at Geyser Basin. John T. went to Dakota in 
1912, and from there to Montana and the same year to Yellowstone Park 
with A. W. Miles, a nephew of General Miles. He worked as barnkeeper 
for five years, and, when automobiles took the place of horses, Mr. Camp- 
bell was made night watchman to look after the tourists, locating and 
registering them and overseeing the park in general. The trip thi-ough 
the park from north or west entrance takes four days, and from east 
entrance takes five days. There are about 400 buffalo in the tame herd. 



448 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Twenty-five of these are kept in the pasture or corral. Other animals in 
the park are elk, deer, antelope, bear, moose, mountain sheep, mountain 
lions, coyotes, and many fur bearing animals such as beaver, mink, fox 
and martin. Mr. Campbell spends from two to three months each winter 
season at his home in Alexandria Township, but he is very fond of the 
West and one of his favorite poems is, "Out Where the West Begins." 



John N. Bollin, deceased, was a well-to-do and prominent farmer and 
stockman of Leavenworth County, Kansas, and a descendant from a well 
known pioneer family, was born in Kickapoo Township, December 29, 1862. 
He was a son of Jerome and Jacobine (Schulthies) Bollin, both natives of 
Germany, but who settled in Leavenworth County, Kansas in pioneer days. 
They reared one son and three daughters, two daughters now living : Mrs. 
Michael Malloy and Mrs. Joe Klasinski, of Leavenworth County. 

John N. Bollin was a farmer all of his life. He owned 660 acres of 
land, 360 acres in Kickapoo Township. He specialized in the breeding of 
Poland-China hogs and was a successful exhibitor at county fairs. He 
was a very enterprising farmer, and made quite a success in his field of 
work. In politics, Mr. Bollin was a Democrat, and for four years was 
county commissioner, and he also served as township trustee of Kickapoo 
Township. He was a member of the Catholic Church, the Modern Wood- 
men of America, Knights and Ladies of Security, of the Catholic Mutual 
Benefit Association and the Knights of Columbus. 

Mr. Bollin was twice married, his first wife being Clara Arron, who 
was born in Pennsylvania, the daughter of John and Mary Arron. Mrs. 
Clara Bollin died in 1903. To that union, ten children were born, seven 
now living, as follows : John J., of Kickapoo Township ; Aloysius R., Frank 
J., Clara H., George A., Florence M., Walter J., all of Kickapoo Township. 

In 1905, Mr. Bollin was married to Elizabeth Hoberg, a native of 
Kickapoo Township, Leavenworth County, a daughter of Frederick and 
Elizabeth (Litch) Hoberg, natives of Germany and Indiana, respectively. 
They came to Leavenworth County in the fifties, where Mr. Hoberg en- 
gaged in farming. Mrs. Elizabeth Bollin was educated in the district 
schools , and, in 1894, entered the dishing Hospital at Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas, and became a nurse, which occupation she followed until her marriage 
in 1905. To Mr. Bollin's second wife was born one child, Mary J., who 
now lives at home. Mr. Bollin died February 10, 1918. 




J. N. BOLLIX 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 449 

Mrs. Bollin owns 200 acres, which she rents. In 1920, she erected a 
thoroughly modern, two story residence, with hot and cold water, and 
with Delco lighting system. She also built a barn and other necessary 
improvements. Mrs. Bollin is a member of the Eastern Star, her father 
having been a Mason. He was a prominent man in Kickapoo Township. 
Mrs. Bollin is a capable woman, and is well known throughout the county, 
where she has many friends. She is a member of the Baptist Church. 



Martin L. Stigleman, a respected citizen of Alexandria Township 
for many years, is now proprietor of Variety Grove Farm, near McLouth, 
Kansas. He was born June 30, 1840, six miles northwest of Richmond, 
Indiana. He served in the Civil War, enlisting in Company K, Fifty- 
seventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He served in the war for two years, 
and on September 24, 1868, he and his wife started with a team of two 
year old mules hitched to a spring wagon for Kansas, reaching Springdale 
November 3, 1868, where they stopped. 

Mr. Stigleman rented land here for a few years, and bought his first 
eighty acres about the year 1870 from the railroad company, paying $4.00 
per acre. He then bought forty acres where his residence stands, and 
later purchased another forty forty acres and an additional eighty acres, 
making a total of 240 acres in section 2, township 10, range 20. All of 
the improvements were put on the place by Mr. Stigleman. He has a 
good residence, barn, seventy by forty-two feet; tool shed, thirty-six by 
forty feet for his farm implements; cribs and granaries. Mr. Stigleman 
has been an extensive stock raiser and feeder. He has handled the O. 
I. C. hogs for several years, and raised the Shire horses and Shorthorn 
cattle. The place is well watered, there being a fine well at the house 
and stock water in all the fields. The farm name is derived from a grove 
of trees on the farm of many varieties, which are not native here, one 
especially unusual tree that Mr. Stigleman has set out being the Balming 
Gilead. 

Mr. Stigleman served as clerk of the school board for twenty years 
in his district. Jesse Hall, one of the editors of this volume, got his first 
and second schools when Mr. Stigleman was on the board. 

Mr. Stigleman has made a success in life by hard work. He learned 
to write on a slab in a log school house in Indiana. He now writes a 
plain, legible hand, far better than the average person, though he is 

(25) 



450 HISTORY OF LEAVEXWORTH COUNTY 

eighty-one years old. He remembers many interesting events of early 
days, and recalls the struggles he had to undergo. He lived here when 
he had to drive to Leavenworth, a distance of eighteen miles, for pro- 
visions, and when he hauled hay to Leavenworth for $2.00 per ton. Gal- 
vanized barb wire sold for fourteen cents per pound and corn for fourteen 
cents per bushel, and he had to pay twenty-five cents for weighing on the 
city scales. One hundred bushels of corn, after weighing four loads, as 
twenty-five bushels was a load at that time, netted only $13.00, not 
sufficient money to pay for a spool of barb wire. It was slow progress 
in those days with interest at twelve per cent, but Mr. Stigleman by his 
thrift and industry was able to overcome all obstacles. 

June 8, 1868, Mr. Stigleman was married to Catherine Byers, who 
died July 19, 1869. He was married the second time January 25, 1875 
to Mary Robinson, a native of Canada, and daughter of Mrs. Lizzie Robin- 
son, a widow who lived at Hoge Station. Mr. and Mrs. Stigleman have 
had six children : Elizabeth, Viola and Mabel, all deceased ; Bertie, the wife 
of Daniel Jeffries of Tonganoxie Township, has five children, as follows: 
Ray, Lottie, Homer, Elsie and Lucille; and John, who farms the home 
place, and is a progressive stockman and farmer, also clerk of the school 
board of his district. He raises hogs, cattle, horses and mules. He is a 
member of the Farmers' Union at Brown school house. Mr. and Mrs. 
Stigleman's daughter Mabel, who is deceased, married Henry Murr. They 
had two children: William and Ida. 



Frank Uhlrich, a progressive and enterprising farmer of Alexandria 
Township, proprietor of Summit Home Farm, was born in Stranger Town- 
ship October 21, 1876, the son of Theobald and Mary Magdalene (Roth) 
Uhlrich. Mr. and Mrs. Theobald Uhlrich were married in Germany and 
came to America, first settling in Missouri and later moving to Potta- 
watomie County, Kansas, where they lived a few years, and finally locat- 
ing in Leavenworth County on the farm now owned by Frank Uhlrich, 
formerly known as the McCoy farm, and which contained 160 acres. 
Theobald Uhlrich later added sixty acres. He was a prosperous farmer 
and stockman and died in April, 1899 at the age of sixty-five years. His 
wife died June 16, 1920 at the age of seventy-nine years. Both are buried 
at St. Thomas Church in Springdale, Kansas. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 451 

Mr. and Mrs. Theobald Uhlrich were the parents of the following 
children: Anthony and John, of Alexandria Township; Frank, of this 
sketch ; and Leo, of Washington County, Kansas. 

Frank Uhlrich attended the school of District No. 76 and helped his 
father on the farm until the latter's death, when he took charge of the 
place and continues farming and stock raising. The farm is well im- 
proved and has a splendid spring. A creek also runs through the farm. 

Mr. Uhlrich was married August 6, 1907 to Lena Boillat of Alexandria 
Township, a daughter of August and Mary (Meyer) Boillet. The former 
died in 1906 and is buried at Friends Church Cemetery and the latter lives 
with her children. 

Mr. and Mrs. Uhlrich have five children: Joseph John, Nellie Mary, 
Rose Loretta, Bernard Francis and Lawrence Leo. The Uhlrich family 
are well known in the township and are highly regarded among their 
many friends and acquaintances. 



Fred Burre is a leading and scientific horticulturist of High Prairie 
Township, and proprietor of Burre Fruit Farm of sixty-nine acres. He is 
a native of this township, born January 12, 1875, the son of John and 
Kate Burre, who were both natives of Switzerland. John Burre came 
to America in 1870 and settled in Ohio, where he lived for one year, when 
he came to Leavenworth County. His wife came here in 1872. She died 
in 1912 and he died in 1917. Both are buried in Mt. Muncie Cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. John Burre had three children: Fred, the subject of 
this sketch ; Mrs. G. Rozendal, the proprietor of the green house on Wash- 
ington and Ohio avenue; Mrs. J. H. Mayer, who runs a small fruit farm 
and garden on the home place west of Leavenworth. 

Fred Burre received his education in the public schools of Leaven- 
worth, and also attended the commercial school there. He was formerly 
in the truck business, but since 1916 has specialized in the growing of 
apples, but also raises other fruits and berries. Mr. Burre is ably assisted 
in operating the farm by his two sons, John and Fred, Jr. They have 
twenty-four acres of bearing age apple trees, thirty-three acres of one, 
two and three year old trees ; four acres of strawberries among the young 
trees. Mr. Burre has sprayed his trees for the past eight years, and 
follows the plan outlined by the State Agricultural College, which school 
John Burre attended, taking special training in this line of work. 



452 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Mr. Burre had the largest crop of apples he ever raised last year, his 
principal fruits being Jonathan, Winesaps, Black Twigs, Delicious and 
Grimes Golden. He packs his fruit scientifically, and gets the highest 
price on the market. The home people patronize his orchard when order- 
ing first class fruit. The crop of 1920 amounted to more than $6,000.00, 
which shows the success Mr. Burre has made of his business. 

Mr. Burre has a high pressure sprayer which he uses. He buys his 
berry boxes, with other growers, in car lots. His apples are sold under 
the name of "Sunflower Brand." Mr. Burre has a storehouse of concrete, 
which holds about one and one-half car loads. 

Mr. Burre has been treasurer of the Leavenworth Fruit and Truck 
Growers' Association since its organization in 1914; has been a member 
of the Farm Bureau since its organization in 1901 and is also a member 
of the Lutheran Church at Leavenworth. 

March 7, 1901, Mr. Burre was married to Ida Maase of High Prairie 
Township. She is a native of Germany, but came to America with her 
parents when she was one year of age. Her father and mother, Anton 
and Bertha Maase, are both deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Burre have seven 
children, all at home: John and Fred, Jr., who assist their father; Helen, 
Anton, Louis, Edward and Arthur. Mr. Burre has recently erected a ' 
colonial style, modern, $10,000 home. 

The family are splendid citizens of the township, and have many 
friends. 



Dennis A. Hassett, a well known farmer, is a native of Alexandria 
Township, and a descendant of an early settler here. He was born Sep- 
tember 1, 1860, the son of David and Margaret (Dwyer) Hassett. His 
father was a native of County Cork, Ireland, and his mother came from 
County Kerry, Ireland. They were married in New York about the year 
1855, and came to Galena, Illinois, in 1856, and in 1859 they came to 
Leavenworth, Kansas. David Hassett worked in Leavenworth for a while 
and then bought eighty acres of land, now part of the home place of 
Dennis A. Hassett, and lived there until his death, March 25, 1884, and 
his wife died in April, 1904. Both are buried at St. Thomas Cemetery in 
Springdale, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. David Hassett were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : David, of Oak Mills, Missouri ; Mollie, who died at the age of eight 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 453 

years; Dennis, the subject of this sketch; Frank, who died in January, 
1918, at the age of fifty-three years, and who left a widow, Mary J. 
(Moses) Hassett, who lives in Alexandria Township; James, who is a 
farmer near Springdale ; Nellie, the wife of John Milett, who is a railroad 
man in St. Joseph, Missouri ; and Eliza, who died in infancy. 

Dennis A. Hassett was educated in the Kerr school district, and has 
been engaged in farming since early manhood, and has lived on his present 
farm all of his life. He bought the home place of eighty acres in 1905 
and has since bought an additional eighty acres. All of the improvements 
were put on the farm by him and his father. He has a wind mill that 
pumps water one-fourth of a mile to tanks in his feed lot and his barn. 
This wind mill has been in service for twenty-two years. Mr. Hassett 
does general farming, and stock raising and is meeting with success. The 
residence is seven and one-half miles from McLouth and one and three- 
fourths miles from Springdale, and he receives his mail on Route Three 
out of McLouth. Mr. Hassett is a member of the St. Thomas Catholic 
Church and belongs to the Holy Name Society at Springdale, where Father 
Healy conducts services. 

Dennis A. Hassett was married in 1901 to Alice Milett, a daughter 
of James and Johanna (Orchard) Milett, both of whom are deceased. 
James Milett and his wife came to Kansas from Ireland, he being a native 
of Kilkenny and she of County Wexford. They were married in Ireland 
in 1863 and then came to Kansas and purchased a five acre tract of land 
at Fairmont, and, while there, Mr. Milett engaged in railroad work. He 
was a member of the State Militia. He died in October, 1913, and his 
wife died in February, 1904. They are both buried at Hoge Cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. Milett were the parents of the following children : Julia, 
deceased, the wife of Samuel Perry, also deceased; James and John, who 
are deceased; John, II, of St. Joseph, Missouri; Edward, of Denver Colo- 
rado ; Mollie, the wife of Jacob Aikright ; Mrs. Kate Connors, of Rawlins, 
Wyoming ; Alice "Hassett ; William, deceased ; Anna, the wife of John Hall ; 
Frank, of Leavenworth, Kansas ; Charles of Tonganoxie, and who is prin- 
cipal of the Tonganoxie schools and who married Ollie McPherson, of 
this county. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hassett have four children: Mary, Walter, John and 
Margaret. The family are well respected citizens and stand high in the 
community. 



454 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

John W. Wright, a native of Roanoke County, Virginia, was born 
July 6, 1858, the son of E. A. Wright, who was accidentally killed in Vir- 
ginia in 1876 by a run-away horse. He was a Union soldier during the 
Civil War, enlisting from Virginia. He was a miller by trade and was 
furloughed home to work for the government and, while there, was cap- 
tured by the Confederates, but escaped shortly after and joined the Mel- 
ton's Reserves just prior to the close of the war. Mr. Wright came to 
Kansas in 1886 and died here about November, 1900 and is buried at 
White Church in High Prairie Township. 

John W. Wright came to Leavenworth June 18, 1883 from Virginia 
and for a number of years worked by the day. About thirty years ago, he 
began contracting and building, doing work mostly for the government, 
in which work he is still actively engaged. He built the last one-half of 
the Fort Logan H. Roots Post in Arkansas in 1906 and has done a large 
amount of work at Fort Leavenworth. He has also built a number of 
buildings in this city, including the Elks Building, the Crancer hardware 
buildings, the Hesse sales room building and many others. Among the 
buildings he constructed at Fort Leavenworth are the artillery stables, 
quartermaster stables, employes quarters, engineers' storage shed, and the 
General Funston residence. 

Mr. Wright was elected commissioner of streets and public improve- 
ments at the April election 1919 and made an excellent official. Substan- 
tial improvements have been made under his direction, and a good bridge 
of concrete and stone at Twentieth and Dakota streets is now under con- 
struction. Mr. Wright is not in favor of wasting money on temporary re- 
pairs, but believes that public improvements should always be perman- 
ently built. Mr. Wright has just overseen the paving of Delaware, Fourth 
avenue and North Esplanade with asphalt concrete, and these streets 
are now evidences of the kind of work in which he believes. He has just 
completed the remodeling of the offices in the city hall with no cost to the 
city except the actual labor and material. Mr. Wright superintended 
this job without charge, and these offices are now in fine shape and excel- 
lent condition. He has done his utmost in every way to get full value 
for all public money spent. 

In 1878, Mr. Wright was married to Alice M. Hall, a native of Roanoke 
County, a daughter of William and Eliza Hall. Mr. and Mrs Wright have 
three sons: Frank W., who married Clara Powell of Leavenworth; Luther 
M., who married Minnie Weavis of Tennessee, and Charles R., who married 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 455 

Pearl Roberson of Leavenworth. All of the sons are with their father in 
the contracting business. 



A. A. Unmessig, a substantial farmer and stock man of High Prairie 
Township, and proprietor of Clover Ridge Stock Farm, was born in Platte 
County, Missouri, in 1878, the son of R. A. and Rosalie (Myers) Unmes- 
sig; the former died in Platte County in October, 1917, at the age of seven- 
ty-two years. For eight years R. A. Unmessig lived in High Prairie Town- 
ship. His wife now lives at Weston, Missouri and is sixty-eight years of 
age. 

Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Unmessig had the following children: Mrs. Anna 
L. Woods of near Weston, Missouri ; Mrs. Elizabeth Fulk of Beverly, Mis- 
souri; Mrs. Dollie Spinner of Weston, Missouri; W. H., of High Prairie 
Township; Mary Unmessig of Weston, Missouri; Minnie Unmessig of 
Weston, Missouri ; Mrs. Dora Brill of Weston, Missouri, and A. A., of this 
sketch. 

A. A. Unmessig spent his boyhood on his father's farm in Platte 
County, Missouri, and was educated in this county, first coming to Leaven- 
worth County, Kansas in 1901 with his father. In 1909 he went to Texas 
and engaged in raising potatoes at Simonton. He and his brother W. H. 
Unmessig bought land at this place, which they sold when they returned 
to Leavenworth in 1918, and he bought his present farm of 0. G. Ballard. 
This farm is four and one-half miles southwest of Leavenworth and con- 
sists of 195 acres. The farm has good improvements. The barn is ninety- 
eight by forty-two by twenty-four feet to the eaves and was used by Mr. 
Ballard for a tobacco barn, for which purpose it was built. The residence 
is a good two-story building, and the other improvements consist of differ- 
ent buildings necessary for farm use. The land is well watered. Mr. Un- 
messig farms the entire place, using a tractor, with which he does most of 
his plowing. He has fifty-five acres of wheat, forty acres in corn, twenty- 
five acres in oats, six acres of alfalfa and sixteen acres of clover. Mr. 
Unmessig raises Poland-China hogs, which are elegible for registry. 

Mr. Unmessig was married in 1909 to Harriet Rhodes of Leavenworth 
County, a daughter of J. A. and Amanda Rhodes ; the former is deceased 
and the latter lives in High Prairie Township. Mr. and Mrs. Unmessig 
have one son, Purcel. 



456 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Mr. Unmessig is a charter member of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons at Boling, Kansas, and was formerly a member of this lodge at 
Weston, Missouri. 

Mr. Unmessig is a progressive farmer and his farm is one of the 
most productive and well kept farms of the township. The farm is fenced 
into lots for pasture for the stock and a never failing spring furnishes 
water the entire year. 



William Adams, a prominent farmer of Kickapoo Township, was born 
in Atchison County, Kansas in Walnut Township, February 16, 1880, the 
son of Joseph C. and Emma (Oliphant) Adams, natives of Virginia and 
Atchison County, respectively. William Adams was the second of five 
children. 

Joseph Adams came to Kansas City, Missouri in 1848, and was a 
freighter in early days from Fort Leavenworth to points west, and during 
the Civil War, he was on the plains. About 1868 or 1870, Mr. Adams 
settled on a farm in Atchison County, living there until he retired and 
moved to Leavenworth, where he died March, 1918, at the age of eighty- 
eight years. He was a large land owner, owning land in Atchison and 
Leavenworth counties. His parents, William Adams and wife, came to 
Kansas City, Missouri in 1848, and bought 200 acres of land, where Fifty- 
ninth and Sixty-first streets are now located. 

Emma Adams, the mother of William Adams, was born about 1855 
in Atchison County, Kansas, and died January 7, 1918. 

William Adams was educated in the district schools, and in 1897, was 
graduated from the Atchison County High School at Effingham, Kansas. 
He then took a business course at the business college of Atchison, Kan- 
sas, and was graduated from that college in 1899. After his education, 
he returned to the farm, and, in 1901 moved to his present place, which 
he bought in 1912 from his father. This place is well improved with neat 
and well kept buildings. The residence is modem and consists of two 
stories, and the land is very valuable. Mr. Adams is a very successful 
farmer, and specializes in raising pure bred hogs. In politics, he is a 
Democrat, and is the committeeman for Kickapoo Precinct District. Mr. 
Adams is a member of the Methodist Church, and of the Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons, and is a Shriner. 




■L 



WILLIAM ADAMS 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 457 

In April, 1905, Mr. Adams was married to Milliam Dougan, who was 
bom in Atchison County, Kansas, the daughter of Hiram and Elizabeth 
(Logan) Dougan, natives of Leavenworth County, Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. 
Adams have two children, who live at home with their parents : Alice V. 
and Lillian Emma. 



E. Rice Phelps, the enterprising and progressive cashier and vice- 
president of the Wulfekuhler State Bank of Leavenworth, is a native of 
this city, and a descendant of one of the pioneer families of Leavenworth 
County. He was born March 26, 1891, the son of A. F. and Helen (Rice) 
Phelps, both deceased. 

A. F. Phelps was born in Jersey City, New Jersey, and came with 
his parents, B. F. and Eliza J. Phelps, to Kansas in 1873. B. F. Phelps 
was born in 1831 and died here in 1891. B. F. Phelps was at first in the 
brokerage business and later was with the C. R. I. & P. Railway Company 
He was a charter member of the first Masonic body in the state of Kan- 
sas, and one of the first potentates of Abdallah Temple, and Commander 
for several terms of Knight Templars. His wife is now living in Leaven- 
worth and, although eighty-eight years of age, is still active. 

A. F. Phelps worked for the Clark Queensware Company a short time, 
and was then with the Leavenworth National Bank, as its first teller. H« 
later entered the wholesale commission business, and was succeeded by 
Phelps Bros., which is now conducted by Harry M. Phelps. A. F. Phelps died 
in 1911, and his wife, who was born in 1863, died in 1921. Both are buried 
at Mt. Muncie Cemetery. Mr. and Mrs. A. F. Phelps were the parents of 
two children: Mrs. E. J. Creighton of Leavenworth, and E. Rice Phelps, 
the subject of this sketch. 

E. Rice Phelps was educated in the grade and high schools of this 
city, and, after completing his education, entered the wholesale commis- 
sion business in Texas, remaining there for six years, when he returned to 
Leavenworth and accepted employment as clerk in the Wulfekuhler State 
Bank, August, 1912. On December 2, 1914, he was elected assistant 
cashier, and June 1, 1915 was made cashier and was elected vice-president 
in July, 1918, holding both positions. 

Mr. Phelps is an energetic young man of unusual attainments, and, 
in addition to his many duties at the bank, takes an active interest in 



458 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

civic affairs, always alert and boosting every move made for the benefit 
of the city and county. He is a member of the Rotary Club, and is the 
president for 1920 and 1921. He is a Knights Templar and Shriner. 

February 4, 1913, Mr. Phelps was married to Thekla Wulfekuhler, 
a daughter of Otto H. and Marie T. Wulfekuhler. She is a native of Leav- 
enworth, and a graduate of the Leavenworth High School and the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin. Mr. and Mrs. Phelps have two children: Edwin 
Rice, Jr., and Donald Otto. 

Jasper S. Rice, a pioneer of this city, was grandfather of E. Rice 
Phelps. He came to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1853 from Vermont. 
Ethan Allen, the famous Revolutionary soldier was a great uncle of Mr. 
Phelps. Jasper Rice came to Fort Leavenworth in government service and 
was in charge of the Pony Express from Omaha to Salt Lake City. He and 
Colonel William F. Cody operated this line until the Union Pacific Railroad 
was built, and then Mr. Rice and Fred Harvey started the Harvey eating 
houses, now famous all over the United States. The first one was started 
at Wallace, Kansas on the Union Pacific road, and the firm dissolved, 
Harvey going with the Santa Fe, and Rice, in 1862 began operating the 
Planters Hotel, and had the honor of having at one time, Abraham Lincoln 
as a guest in the hotel. 

The Wulfekuhler State Bank was organized in 1901 with the follow- 
ing officers: H. W. Wulfekuhler, president; A. F. Wulfekuhler, vice-presi- 
dent ; Otto Wulfekuhler, cashier ; and L. H. Wulf ekhuler, assistant cashier. 
The capital stock was $50,000, and June, 1909, the capital stock was in- 
creased to $150,000. H. W. Wulfekuhler died August 29, 1903, and Otto 
H. Wulfekuhler was elected president and E. Rice Phelps was elected 
cashier June 1, 1915. The present officers are : Otto H. Wulfekuhler, presi- 
dent; E. Rice Phelps, vice-president and cashier; L. R. Rutherford, L. A. 
Miller and Fred A. Walter, assistant cashiers. The present capital stock 
is $150,000, surplus funds $35,000, and deposits $1,500,000.00. The bank is 
a conservatively conducted banking institution and the officers and direc- 
tors are all substantial men, whose integrity and capabilities are well 
known to the Leavenworth public. 

The bank's deposits of $213,000 six months after its organization to 
more than $1,500,000.00 at the present time, show conclusively that the 
policy of mutual helpfulness which the bank practices has been a paying 
one. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 459 

Morries Toffler, one of Leavenworth's prosperous business men, who 
established a men's clothing store here in 1885, is a native of Hungary, 
and, after coming to America, located in New York and remained there 
five years, then coming to Leavenworth where he opened up a line of 
men's clothing at the corner of Sixth and Cherokee streets. He was at 
this location for ten years, moving in 1911 to 512 Cherokee street, his 
present place of business. Morries Toffler, and his son, Abraham, who is 
now a partner, carry a complete line of clothing and shoes. The goods 
are nicely kept, neatly displayed and the customers fairly treated. Mr. 
Toffler says that his business has improved from the start, each year better 
than the previous year. 

Mr. Toffler was married in 1879 to Mary Friedman of Hungary, a 
daughter of Marcus and Ruth Friedman. Mr. and Mrs. Toffler have six 
children: Mrs. Jennie Goldberg of Kansas City, Missouri; Abraham, a 
partner in the store with his father, and who is a member of the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, and of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Minnie, who lives at home ; Max, who works in his father's store 
and who is also a member of the Masons and Elks ; and Ruth and Dorothy 
who live at home with their parents. 

Mr. Toffler was elected a member of the school board in 1910; re- 
elected once for two years, and twice for four years, serving in this ca- 
pacity for a period of ten years. He resigned in December, 1920. Mr. 
Toffler is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, Shriner, 
Scottish Rites ; Woodmen of the World, Modern Woodmen of America and 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 

The family reside at 414 Walnut street, and are among the city's most 
respected citizens. 



William H. Unmessig, the progressive and enterprising proprietor of 
Oak Ridge Farm in High Prairie Township, was born in Platte County, 
Missouri, October 11, 1879, the son of R. and Rosalie Myers Unmessig; 
a further sketch of his father and mother appears in connection with A. A. 
Unmessig of this volume. 

Wm. H. Unmessig received his education at Beverly, Missouri, and 
followed farming in Platte County, Missouri, coming to Leavenworth 
County, Kansas with his parents in 1901. He went to Texas in 1909, and 



460 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

with his brother A. A. Unmessig bought a farm of 196 acres and made 
potato raising a specialty. In 1912 they raised forty-two car loads of the 
Bliss Triumph variety of potatoes. They sold their farm at Simonton, 
Texas in 1918 and returned to Leavenworth County. 

In May, 1920, Mr. Unmessig bought his present farm of 244 acres, 
which is located one-half mile west of the city limits of Leavenworth. He 
purchased this from the DeCoursey heirs. Mr. DeCoursey, the former 
owner ran a dairy here. The land is on the high ridge west of the city, 
and this farm, under the care of Mr. Unmessig, will soon be one of the 
choice farm homes of the township as Mr. Unmessig is making many 
needed improvements. The farm has an available supply of running water. 
Mr. Unmessig has a three-acre orchard of peaches, eight-year-old trees of 
Elberta and Crawford variety, also a few cherry, plum and apple trees. 
He does general farming and has seventy acres of wheat, eight acres of al- 
falfa, twenty acres of oats and fifteen acres of corn. The remainder of 
the land is timber and pasture. 

April 29, 1909 Mr. Unmessig was married to Nellie Van Tuyl, who 
was a teacher in the Leavenworth schools. She is a graduate of the Leav- 
enworth High School and attended Kansas University for one summer. 
Mrs. Unmessig's parents are C. J. and Lulu (Snyder) Van Tuyl of Preble 
County, Ohio. They came to Kansas about the year 1886 and settled at 
Leavenworth. C. J. Van Tuyl lives in Leavenworth at the present. His 
wife died in 1889 and is buried at Mt. Muncie Cemetery. They were the 
parents of the following children: Mrs. Nellie Unmessig; Blanche, at 
home ; Earl of Los Angeles, California, and Margaret, a teacher in Leav- 
enworth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Unmessig have two children: Rhinehart and Thekla. 



J. H. Mayer, the well known proprietor of West Spruce Fruit Farm 
is a native of Kansas, bom at Easton, Kansas, July 24, 1884, the son of 
C. C. and Hattie (Gale) Mayer; C. C. Mayer lives in Leavenworth, and 
his wife is deceased and is buried at Mt. Olivet Cemetery. They were the 
parents of the following children : J. H. Mayer of this sketch ; Carl, a rail- 
road man of Kansas City, Missouri; Clarence of Leavenworth, Kansas. 
By a second marriage of C. C. Mayer to Mrs. Christena Evans, he has a 
daughter, Grace, and a stepson, A. E. Evans. 

J. H. Mayer was educated at District Number Eleven and Junction 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 461 

schools, and, after finishing his education, he farmed with his father, and 
they conducted a nursery for a few years, putting out an orchard of 
thirty-five acres. J. H. Mayer received in early life a practical knowledge 
of farming and of the nursery business. C. C. Mayer and his children sold 
out in Easton, Kansas in 1905, coming to High Prairie Township, where 
they purchased a 120-acre farm six miles southwest of Leavenworth. J. 
H. Mayer, in 1912, settled on his present farm of forty acres, which ad- 
joins the city limits of Leavenworth on the west. Mr. Mayer has added 
many improvements to the place and put out a lot of fruit trees. He has 
one acre in pears of the Kiefer variety, which have produced as high as a 
car load a season. He has eight acres in young orchard and will soon 
have twenty additional acres in orchard, as he continues to put out more 
each season. He also has seven acres in alfalfa and more than three acres 
in strawberries, which he intends to increase to more acreage and add 
raspberries. He also has a nice cherry orchard, of the early Richmond and 
Mount Morencia varieties. West Spruce Fruit Farm was formerly a 
truck farm, and, owing to it's southern slope is protected by the hills and 
produces the earliest crops of berries of any farm in the vicinity. Mr. 
Mayer delivers entirely by truck. He employs as high as from thirty to 
forty pickers during berry season. 

Mr. Mayer was married October 8, 1911 to Emma Burre of High 
Prairie Township, a daughter of John and Catherine Burre. The farm on 
which Mr. and Mrs. Mayer live was the home of Mrs. Mayer prior to her 
marriage. She was born on this place and educated at the Lutheran 
school in Leavenworth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mayer have three children: Lenora, Helen Marie and 
Luella. They are residing at home. 

Mr. Mayer is a member of the County Farm Bureau and of the Leaven- 
worth Fruit and Truck Growers' Association. Mr. Mayer is thoroughly 
qualified for the nursery business and has made a success of this line of 
work. He is well known throughout the township and county. 

Walter C. Smith, a well known farmer and stockman of High Prairie 
Township, is from a pioneer family of Leavenworth, Kansas. He was 
born in Leavenworth in 1889, the son of Leonard and Millie (Theel) Smith. 
Leonard Smith came to Leavenworth, Kansas from Sheffield, England, 
his birthplace, when a young man. He was a stove molder by trade, 
working for the Great Western Stove Company for twenty-eight years. 



462 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

His wife was a native of Germany, and came to Leavenworth when a 
child with her parents, Fred Theel and wife. Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Smith 
were the parents of two children: Harry of Boling, Kansas and Walter C, 
the subject of this sketch. 

Walter Smith received a good education in the ward and high schools of 
Leavenworth and Leavenworth Business College of this city. After leav- 
ing school, he worked for three years for the Fisher Machine Works, and 
has been engaged in farming for the past thirteen years. He moved to his 
present farm of 160 acres in January 2, 1909. He rented the place at 
first and bought eighty acres from his mother, and rents eighty acres 
of the Wilson place. The farm is well watered and has fair improvements. 
Mr. Smith has proved to be a successful farmer and stockman. He raises 
Duroc Jersey pure bred hogs, grade cattle, Rhode Island Red chickens, 
and does general farming. 

February 12, 1912, Mr. Smith married Zoe Wilson, a daughter of 
Thomas K. Wilson, a sketch of whom appears in this volume. Mrs. Smith 
was born near Boling, Kansas, and educated at the High Prairie school. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith have two children: Walter and Harold. Mr. 
Smith is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America at Leavenworth. 



C. V. Campbell, a prominent farmer of High Prairie Township, was 
born in Anderson County, Kansas December 30, 1867, the son of John B. 
and Melissa (Smith) Campbell. John Campbell was a native of Scotland, 
but came to America alone at the early age of fifteen years, and located 
first in New York at Syracuse, coming to Lawrence, Kansas in 1854, and, 
in 1856, with others, helped lay the town of Hiatt in Anderson County, 
Kansas. Garnett, being a rival town, Hiatt became defunct a few years 
after. 

In 1857, Mr. Campbell preempted a claim of 160 acres, five miles from 
Garnett, where C. V. Campbell, the subject of this sketch, was born and 
reared. John Campbell took an active part in the early free state fight, 
and enlisted in the Union Army in the 11th Kansas, when the war broke out 
and served during the entire war. He also served awhile on the plains in 
Indian wars. Prior to the Civil War Mr. Campbell lived at Ossawatomie, 
Kansas and was identified with John Brown in the Free State struggles. 
Thirteen years before his death, he retired and lived in Garnett. His wife 
died about the year 1870. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 463 

Mr. and Mrs. John Campbell had the following children: George of 
Colorado Springs, Colorado; C. V., and, by a later marriage to Ruth Hop- 
kins, four children were born; E. R. of New Mexico; Mrs. Jennie Sweeney 
of Butte, Montana ; Frank, on the home place and W. T. Campbell of Kin- 
caid, Kansas. 

C. V. Campbell was educated in the public schools of Anderson County, 
Kansas and has been engaged in farming and stock raising all of his life. 
He first owned and improved a farm near his father's farm in Anderson 
County, Kansas, and then was in the west for a few years. He came to 
Leavenworth County, Kansas in 1908 and rented land here for a few 
years, and, in 1909 moved to his present place. He later bought a part of 
the Gist farm in this township and sold it four years afterward. He 
bought his present farm of 320 acres in 1916, the farm being known as 
the Kitchen farm, but later as the 0. G. Ballard farm, and is located on 
the LeCompton road, five miles from Leavenworth, Kansas. Mr. Camp- 
bell has been successful, due to his industry, good management, and ability. 

Mr. Campbell was married the first time to Annie Farmer of Garnett, 
Kansas, December 24, 1889. She was a daughter of H. G. and Mary 
Farmer of Platte City, Missouri. She died in 1904. They had the fol- 
lowing children: Ray, of Platte County, Missouri; and Mary, the wife of 
Elmer Skinner of Camden Point, Missouri. In 1912 Mr. Campbell married 
his present wife, Julia Nower, a daughter of Samuel Nower. She was 
reared in High Prairie Township, but is a native of Platte County Missouri. 
Her father was a prominent farmer of High Prairie Township. No chil- 
dren were born to Mr. Campbell's last union. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell re- 
ceive their mail on Route One out of Leavenworth, Kansas. 



Frank Beuckemann, a sterling citizen of Alexandria Township, and 
proprietor of Plantation Farm, which is located nine miles southwest of 
Leavenworth on the LeCompton road, was born in St. Louis, Missouri, 
August 14, 1854, the son of Frederick and Minnie Beuckemann. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Beuckemann were natives of Germany, the 
former was born July 3, 1810 and the latter September 3, 1821. They 
came to Lawrence in 1864 where they lived for one year, when they set- 
tled on the farm where Frank Beuckemann now lives. When they moved 
to this place, there were but two or three houses between their home and 
Leavenworth. A cabin stood where the residence is now located, but 



464 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

has been moved and is now used as a stable. Frederick Beuckemann 
died January 21, 1878 and his wife died March 18, 1904 at the age of 
eighty-two years. Both are buried at Bethel Cemetery. 

Frank Beuckeman now owns 130 acres of upland land. He has a 
well improved place and does general farming. In 1907 he built his 
present home, a one and one-half story dwelling. From this residence, 
on a clear day, can be seen the city of McLouth, which is seventeen miles 
southwest of his home. They also have a fine view of Stranger Creek 
Valley. 

Mr. Beuckemann was married April 20, 1896 to Mary Wohlfarth, a 
daughter of Lorenz and Margaret Wohlfarth of Alexandria Township, who 
settled there in 1881. Lorenz Wohlfarth died in March, 1919 at the 
age of seventy-nine years and his wife died August 30, 1908. Both are 
buried at Bethel Cemetery. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Lorenz Wohlfarth are: Mrs. Beucke- 
mann; Mrs. Maggie Bente of Farley, Missouri; John, who lives on the 
home place ; Joseph, who also lives on the home place ; Mrs. Minnie Tuttle 
of High Prairie Township and Simeon Wohlfarth of Alexandria Township. 

Mr. Beuckemann has one sister, Mrs. Augusta Hall of Leavenworth. 



John Goff, an industrious farmer of Kickapoo Township, is a native 
of Kansas and a member of a well known pioneer family of Easton Town- 
ship. He was born in Leavenworth County, December 2, 1886, the son 
of Robert and Maggie (Drew) Goff, who were the parents of six children, 
as follows : Grace, the wife of Floyd Worden, of Easton Township ; John, 
the subject of this sketch; Robert, Jr., who owns a garage in Potter, Kan- 
sas ; De, a fireman on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, and who 
lives in Kansas City, Kansas; Earl, of Easton Township; Gladys, the wife 
of Henry Arnesburg, of Kansas City, Missouri, a teller in the Mid- West 
National Bank. 

Robert Goff came to Kansas from Kentucky, when four years old, 
during the close of the Civil War, and settled on a farm in Easton Town- 
ship, where he operated a threshing rig. He also did carpenter work. 
He now lives in Potter, Kansas. His wife, who was a native of Leaven- 
worth County, is also living. 

John Goff was reared on his grandfather, Elijah E. Goff's, farm, and 
when a boy, attended the different graded schools. He began working for 



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HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 465 

himself when nineteen years of age, and engaged in threshing, which he 
still pursues. He began farming in 1906, and, in 1910, bought his present 
farm, on which he has built a new residence and barn. He is a hustling 
farmer, and has met with success. 

Mr. Goff is a member of the Christian Church, and is a member of 
the Board of Trustees of Union Church. He is a member of the Modern 
Woodmen of America, and, in politics, Mr. Goff votes the independent 
ticket. 

May 7, 1905, Mr. Goff was married to Roxanna Pennington, a native 
of Easton Township, and a daughter of James and Nancy E. (Snoddy) 
Pennington, who now live in Potter, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Goff have four children, all of whom live at home. 
They are as follows: Ralph E., Bertha M., Murl A., and Carl E. 



R. M. Petherbridge, cashier of Basehor State Bank, is a capable 
financier. He was born in Independence, Montgomery County, Kansas, 
May 9, 1873, the son of R. E. and Theodosia (Connell) Petherbridge. The 
latter was a daughter of Jesse Connell, who settled near Lowemont, Leav- 
enworth County, Kansas, in 1854, but sold out and moved to Salt Creek 
Valley. Later he went to Missouri and located at Butler, in Bates County, 
where he died. Theodosia Connell Petherbridge died June 30, 1918, and 
is buried in the Jarbalo Cemtery. 

R. E. Petherbridge came to Leavenworth County in 1860, and in 
1873 went to Independence, Kansas, where he remained for one year. He 
returned to Leavenworth and improved a farm in High Prairie Township. 
He died in 1895. During the Civil War he served in the Kansas State 
Militia when called out for Price's raid. 

Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Petherbridge were the parents of the following 
children : Mrs. Mary Hull, of Waverly, Kansas ; Judge J. C. Petherbridge, 
city attorney of Kansas City, Missouri, who was formerly judge of the 
police court in Leavenworth, Kansas; L. C, a miner of Butte, Montana; 
R. M., the subject of this sketch; Nellie R. Jeamini, deceased; and Lobie, 
who died at the age of fifteen years. 

R. M. Petherbridge spent his boyhood days near Boling, Leavenworth 
County, and received his preliminary education here. He then went to 
the State Normal School at Emporia, Kansas, and for thirteen years was 
an efficient teacher in the public schools of the county. February 1, 1903, 

(26) 



466 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Mr. Petherbridge was elected cashier of the Basehor State Bank and has 
filled this position continuously until the present time. He is also a 
notary public. Mr. Petherbridge has keen foresight and has closely ap- 
plied himself to business. 

November 29, 1900, Mr. Petherbridge was married to Mary Ricken- 
baugh, of Basehor, Kansas, a daughter of Daniel and Martha (Basehor) 
Rickenbaugh. Her father lives at Basehor and is ninety-one years of 
age, and her mother is deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Petheridge have three living children: Opal, who is 
in her second year at the State University of Kansas ; Emory B., a senior 
in the Basehor High School; and John Edwards, a junior in high school. 

Mr. Petheridge is a Scottish Rite Mason and member of the Mystic 
Shrine. He also holds membership in the Modern Woodmen of America, 
the Fraternal Aid Union and American Yeomen. 



The Basehor State Bank, of Basehor, Kansas, is one of the substan- 
tial institutions of this section of the state and was organized in April, 
1902, with capital stock of $5,000.00. Its first officers were: Patrick 
Curry, president ; E. G. Truskey, vice-president ; E. F. McNamara, cashier. 
The directors are Patrick Curry, E. Basehor, E. G. Truskey, John Lynch 
and E. C. McNurney. In 1905 the capital stock was increased to $10,000, 
and afterward increased to $16,000.00 in January, 1920, its present capital 
stock being $16,000.00, with surplus of $5,200.00. The present officers 
of the bank are E. G. Truskey, president ; J. E. Heinly, vice-president ; R. 
M. Petherbridge, cashier; W. E. Allman, assistant cashier. The directors 
are the first four officers named above, also E. Basehor. The bank owns 
its building, which is a substantial brick building twenty-four by thirty- 
six feet, which was built in 1901 by E. Basehor. 



J. W. Kenton, a successful farmer of Fairmount Township, near 
Basehor, Kansas, is a native of Leavenworth County, and was born 
August 19, 1890, the son of C. J. and Mary A. (Versemann) Kenton, both 
of whom live in Kansas City, Kansas. 

J. W. Kenton was educated in the Fairmont schools and has followed 
farming since growing to manhood. C. J. Kenton bought the present 
farm of 120 acres in November, 1909, and has put all the improvements 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 467 

on the place except the residence, including the barn, which is thirty-two 
by forty feet ; a granary thirty bv thirty feet, with driveway in the center ; 
a poultry house twelve by forty-four feet; and an implement shed thirty 
by forty feet, which is used for his Peerless threshing machine and engine 
outfit. The buildings are all kept in neat repair and nicely painted. The 
land slopes to the south. This place is a part of the Neudeck estate. 

Mr. Kenton is a live, wide-awake farmer, and takes a keen interest in 
anything pertaining to agriculture. He is operating his father's farm 
of 120 acres. 

November 27, 1912, Mr. Kenton was married to Mattie M. Smith, 
a daughter of Frank L. and Agnes Smith, of Kansas City, Kansas. Mrs. 
Kenton was born in Georgia and came to Kansas when an infant with 
her parents. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kenton have three children: Evelyn Nadine, Wesley 
Orville and Arthur Robert. Mr. Kenton has a brother, Arthur G., of 
Fairmont Township; and a sister, Laura May, the wife of C. Paulson, of 
Wyandotte County, Kansas. 

Mr. Kenton is a member of the Leavenworth Farm Bureau. 



Charles Frederick Meyer, a successful farmer of Fairmont Town- 
ship and proprietor of Cedar Ridge Farm near Basehor, Kansas, was born 
in Platte County, Missouri, January 15, 1877, the son of J. F. and Henri- 
etta (Oberdiek) Meyer. Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Meyer were both natives of 
Germany, but were married in Platte County, Missouri, where Mr. Meyer 
located when he first came to Omerica at the age of eighteen years. He 
first worked by the month, and later settled near Farley, but had the 
misfortune of having his farm washed away by the river. He bought his 
second place at East Leavenworth, Missouri. Both Mr. and Mrs. Meyer 
died with pneumonia, dying three days apart, and their remains are 
buried at Farley, Missouri, Cemetery. 

Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Meyer were the parents of the following children : 
Mrs. Clara Schermbeck, of Leavenworth; Charles F., the subject of this 
review; Henry, of Platte County, Missouri; John, also of Platte County, 
Missouri; Mrs. Flora Knollman, of Potter, Kansas, and William, of Platte 
County, Missouri. 

Charles Frederick Meyer spent his boyhood days in Platte County, 
where he also received his education. He came to Leavenworth County, 



468 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Kansas, in 1898 and rented land for a while, buying his present home of 
160 acres in 1901. This is one of the best kept farms near Basehor and 
is located three-fourths mile from this town on the Leavenworth road. 
All the improvements on the place at the time Mr. Meyer purchased the 
farm were an old house and a shed. In 1907 he built a nice two story, 
seven room residence, one good barn, granary, garage and poultry and 
smoke houses, all in good repair. The farm is well watered and the land 
fertile. Mr. Meyer raises cattle, having a registered white face male; 
Poland-China hogs; Barred Plymouth Rock chickens; and does general 
fanning. Mr. Meyer is rated as one of the practical men of the com- 
munity, and is recognized as a substantial citizen. 

February 21, 1900, Mr. Meyer was married to Louise Knetter, a 
daughter of Fred and Anna Knetter, both of whom have lived in Wyan- 
dotte County, Kansas, for forty-five years, on a farm two and one-half 
miles north of Piper, Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. Knetter have the following 
children: Rebecca, who lives at home; Fred, of Wyandotte County; Mrs. 
Meyer; Henry and William, of Wyandotte County; Mrs. Anna Jenicke, of 
Leavenworth ; Mrs. Sophia Vering, of Wolcott, Kansas ; Minnie, who lives 
at home; John, of Wyandotte County. 

Mr. and Mrs. Meyer have three children living: Louise, Alfred and 
Marie, all at home with their parents and one, Freda, who died at the 
age of four years. 



Joel Cheatwood, a well known and honored pioneer of this section, 
was born in Stokes County, North Carolina, October 11, 1831, the son 
of Thomas and Elizabeth (Crumpler) Cheatwood, both of whom died in 
Owen County, Indiana, several years ago. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Cheatwood were the parents of the following 
children: Mrs. Rhoda Aley; William; Irving; James and Joel, who are 
twins; Wesley; Thomas, who has not been heard from since he volun- 
teered in the Civil War in Indiana; Jefferson; Elizabeth; Mary; Henry; 
Emily and Nancy. James and Joel Cheatwood are the only ones living 
of the thirteen children. 

Joel Cheatwood located in Kansas in 1857, and in 1865 bought 103 acres 
of land in Delaware Township, just north of Fairmont, from George 
Stagers, for $2,200.00, which land he still owns. Since then he has added 
137 acres, making a total of 240 acres. Mr. Cheatwood improved the 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 469 

place and did general farming and stock raising, and has made a success 
in life by hard work. Although he is eighty-nine years of age, he is able 
to read without glasses fairly well, and feels fine. He moved to Fairmont 
in 1901, buying a home where he now lives. Mr. Cheatwood remembers 
many interesting incidents of pioneer days, and when he came to Kansas 
the Delaware Indians were on reservations here, and he says they were 
quite friendly. Mr. Cheatwood says that when he was eighteen years of 
age, he worked for twenty-five cents per day, and in a brick yard, work- 
ing hard with long hours. James Cheatwood located in Kansas in 1856, 
and he and his brother have always lived near each other. They are as 
well known as any early settlers here, and have many friends. They are 
so similar in appearance that, when they are dressed alike, even their 
own acquaintances and friends can scarcely distinguish them apart. 

On January 20, 1861, Joel Cheatwood married Rowena Barker, a 
native of Monroe County, Illinois, born December 8, 1841. In 1847 her 
parents moved to Platte County, Missouri. Her father and mother were 
Abner and Nancy (Gilman) Barker; her mother died in Illinois and her 
father married the second time to Elizabeth Steigers, who died in Leaven- 
worth County, Kansas. Her father died in Platte County, Missouri. 
Mrs. Cheatwood is the only one living of seven children, and she is active 
and enjoys life for her age. The other children of Mr. and Mrs. Barker 
were Milan, who died at the age of seventy-four; Lysander, who died in 
Kansas City, Missouri, when seventy-one years of age; Philander S. ; 
Rhoda ; Newton and Nancy. Taylor Barker, a half brother of Mrs. Cheat- 
wood, lives at Fairmont, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cheatwood have seven children: James M., of Fair- 
mont; Ella E., the wife of Dr. Elijah Jones, of Phoenix, Arizona; Sarah 
B. Rice, deceased ; Dora, the widow of Frank Selder, who makes her home 
with her parents ; Cora, the wife of Louis Neudeck, of Kansas City, Mis- 
souri; Inez V., the wife of John Rader, of Platte City, Missouri. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cheatwood have the following grandchildren: Leslie E. 
Selder of Kansas City, Missouri ; Mrs. Rowena Ruth of Litteral, Missouri ; 
Mrs. Gertrude Viola Thorson; Frank Arthur Thorson; Stillio Frederick 
Thorson ; Mrs. Nina Cheatwood Myers of Fairmont ; Elijah J. Jones ; Irene 
Moore; Clarence A. Neudeck of Kansas City, Missouri; and Mrs. Mamie 
Burgess of Kansas City, Missouri. Mr. and Mrs. Cheatwood have four 
great grandchildren: Evalyn and Robert Jones; Mildred and Joie V. Bur- 



470 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Mrs. Cheatwood has an interesting picture, showing five generations, 
also a photograph of two pairs of twins — the Cheatwood brothers, and the 
two daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Joel Cheatwood — Dora and Cora. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cheatwood celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary 
January 20, 1921. They have lived long and useful lives and are highly 
honored citizens of this township. 



William Walden, who is proprietor of Maple Grove Grain Farm, one 
of the best grain farms of Fairmont Township, was born in Osage County, 
Missouri, February 1, 1857, the son of Margaret (Fry) Walden. His 
father, William Walden died in Osage County, when William was an in- 
fant, and Mrs. Walden married Ferdinand Vogel, and William Walden was 
raised by them. 

William Walden came to Kansas when a young man, in August, 1876, 
and settled in Fairmont Township, working by the month for different 
farmers, among whom were George Stewart, for whom he worked for 
$12.00 per month, Owen Dunbar, Emanuel Hagerman and others. He 
then rented the Mulvane farm, now owned by Otto Meyers, and an eighty- 
acre tract from Mickel and Kellar. He moved to his present farm, which 
he owns, in 1893. Mr. Walden bought this place in 1919 and has one of 
the nice farms of this township. It consists of 160 acres, all well im- 
proved. He has a good residence, one large barn, granary, garage, wind 
mill, which pumps water to the feed lots, and other necessary buildings. 
The place is nicely drained both to the south and north. Mr. Walden 
raises mostly wheat, and also raises cattle and hogs, and is very success- 
ful. Mr. Walden has also taken a prominent part in local affairs and was 
clerk of the township board for twelve years with Ernest Ebert and E. L. 
Marshal, and he has also served on the school board for more than ten 
years. 

Mr. Walden was first married to Augusta Radloff, whose parents were 
early settlers in this township and she was born and reared here. She is 
now deceased and is buried at Glenwood Cemetery. By this marriage, Mr. 
Walden has two children: Edward of High Prairie Township and Lizzie, 
the wife of Albert Kraus of Wabaunsee County, Kansas. 

Mr. Walden was married the second time to Agnes Muller in 1887. 
She is a native of Leavenworth. Mr. and Mrs. Walden have seven children 
living: Alma, the wife of LeRoy Ballard of Topeka, Kansas; Louise, the 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 471 

wife of Clarence Jackaminny of Leavenworth ; Dorothy, the wife of Homer 
Disster of Topeka ; Clara, who lives at home ; Walter of Fairmont, Kansas, 
who married Edith Coburn, and Harry, at home. One child, Minnie, died 
in 1908. 



John P. Klamm, a progressive farmer of Basehor, Kansas, Fairmont 
Township, is a native of Platte County, Missouri, born November 21, 1855, 
the son of Peter and Margaret (Brenner) Klamm. Peter Klamm settled in 
Platte County, in 1844 and owned and improved a farm four miles east 
of Parkville. He died there in 1863, and his wife died in Fairmont Town- 
ship in 1903. 

Mr. and Mrs. Peter Klamm were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Mrs. Catherine Kraus, who died in Kansas City, Missouri ; Elizabeth, 
deceased, who married Phillip Klamm of Platte County ; Phillip E. of Base- 
hor, Kansas, and John P., the subject of this sketch. 

John P. Klamm spent his boyhood in Platte County, and attended 
school there, coming to Leavenworth, Kansas in 1883 and settling in 
Fairmont Township. He bought his first land of 160 acres in 1882, 
which he afterward sold and bought 240 acres south of Fairmont, where 
he made his home for thirty-two years. He made many improvements 
here, consisting of a two-story residence, large barn forty-eight by seventy 
feet, granary, thirty-two by forty-eight feet, and other buildings for 
farm use. The farm is well watered, and is an excellent stock farm. Mr. 
Klamm engaged in general farming and stock raising and was very suc- 
cessful. His son, William E. Klamm farms this place at present and is rais- 
ing Hereford cattle, from which the place received its name — "Klamm's 
Hereford Farm." 

In 1913, Mr. Klamm bought eighty acres where he now lives, ad- 
joining the town site of Basehor. He farms ten acres, but rents the re- 
mainder. This place is nicely improved, with a modern six-room bungalow, 
and beautiful yard with shade trees. Mr. Klamm owned the first farm 
electric light plant ever operated at Basehor. 

Mr. Klamm is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America at 
Fairmont, Kansas and for fifteen years served on the school board. 

In 1880, Mr. Klamm was married to Emilie Eckert of Platte County, 
Missouri, and they have four children: Rosa, who attended and later 
graduated at Emporia, Kansas, now the wife of Dean Duffy, of Idaho; 



472 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Lena, a graduate of Baldwin College, Kansas, and who teaches in the 
high school at Basehor, Kansas; William who lives on the home place, 
and married Helen Ebert; and Arthur, a farmer of Fairmont Township, 
who married Olive Starnes of Fairmont. He is a graduate of Kansas Uni- 
versity and for four years taught school in the Philippine Islands, and oper- 
ated a store there for one year. 

Mr. and Mrs. John Klamm are now living practically a retired life 
and enjoying the fruits of well spent lives. 



Dietrich Kruse, an enterprising farmer and stock raiser of Easton 
Township, is a native of Westphalia, Germany, bom January 20, 1865, the 
son of William and Christena (Bodenberg) Kruse, and the sixth of nine 
children, one girl and eight boys, three of the boys coming to the United 
States and settling here. The father was a farmer in Germany. ^ 

Dietrich Kruse left his native land in 1882 and settled in Madison 
County, Illinois, where he worked as a farm hand for two years. Owing 
to ill health, he returned to Germany, where he consulted the family 
doctor, who advised him that if he returned to the United States, he 
should seek a different climate than where he lived the two years he 
was in this country. In 1886 he returned to the United States and located 
in Atchison County, Kansas, and worked there for eight years as a farm 
hand. He then bought an eighty acre farm two and one-half miles south 
of Huron, Kansas, later adding eighty additional acres. In the spring of 
1911, he sold out, and bought his present farm of 240 acres in Easton 
Township, which is a well improved place. He bought this farm from 
Fred Ode, and Mr. Ode made all of the improvements. Mr. Kruse also 
spent about §1,500.00 on improvements. He has remodeled his residence. 
Mr. Kruse is a good manager, which, together with hard work, has made 
him successful. In politics, he is a Republican and is a member of the 
Lutheran Church. 

January 22, 1895, Mr. Kruse married Christena Gieseking, who was 
born in Germany, March 31, 1867, and died March 15, 1918. Six children 
were born to this union, all at home: William, Fred, Herman, Alfred, Mar- 
tha and Anna. The Kruse family are highly respected citizens of the 
township. Fred Kruse, the second son, served in the World War. He was 
sent to Camp Funston in September, 1918 and was in training there when 
the armistice was signed. He was discharged in December, 1918 and re- 
turned home. 




MR. AND MRS. DIETRICH KRUSE 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 473 

James R. Grisham, owner of High View Farm near Basehor, Kansas, 
in Fairmont Township, is a successful farmer and substantial citizen of 
this county. He was born in Platte County, Missouri, January 17, 1865, 
the son of Sampson and Melbina (Ellis) Grisham ; his father and mother 
were both natives of Platte County, Missouri. Sampson Grisham came to 
Kansas about 1877 and settled in Cowley County, Kansas, and freighted 
from Winfield to Wichita and other points. He was in the government 
service and freighted from Leavenworth to Fort Laramie, Wyoming. He 
came to Wyandotte and farmed there until his death March 2, 1890 and 
is buried in James Bean Cemetery at Platte City, Missouri, where the re- 
mains of his wife, who died in 1874 is also buried. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sampson Grisham were the parents of the following 
children: Mrs. Jane Joiner, who is deacesed; William, who died in Platte 
County, Missouri; Mrs. Mary Smith of Fall Leaf, Kansas, and James R., 
the subject of this sketch. 

James R. Grisham received his educational advantages in Missouri 
and Kansas, and has made his own way since seventeen years of age, 
working hard and saving his money, thereby making a success in life. 
Prior to coming to Fairmont Township, he farmed in Wyandotte County, 
Kansas. In 1910, he bought his present farm from Tobe Yokum. The 
place consists of eighty acres and is one and one-half miles north of Base- 
hor, on the Fairmont-Basehor road. This farm is well improved with good 
residence, barn, implement shed and a well, which is 104 feet deep with 
windmill. The farm is well watered, having a never failing stream and 
excellent spring. Mr. Grisham does general farming, and raises registered 
Duroc Jersey hogs, and has a registered O. I. C. sow. 

Mr. Grisham was married December 14, 1882 to Lizzie J. O'Reeve, a 
daughter of Asa and Amanda O'Reeve, natives of Kentucky, who came to 
Kansas and settled in Wyandotte County. Asa O'Reeve was engaged in 
farming there until his death in 1890. His wife died in 1893, and they 
are both buried at Grinter's Chapel in Wyandotte County. 

Mr. and Mrs. Grisham have five children: Asa, who was for four 
years in the marine service and three years in the Philippines, he married 
Delia Martin and is now farming in Fairmont Township; George, who 
is running a telephone exchange in Morrill, Kansas, and who married 
Marie Davis ; James, who married Minnie Burk, and is a farmer in Stranger 
Township; Ethel, the wife of Clyde Bigford, of Manhattan, Kansas, and 
Roy, who lives at home, and is a mail carrier for Rural Route Number 



474 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

One, out of Basehor. Roy Grisham enlisted at Leavenworth, Kansas, May 
14, 1918, for service in the late World War, and was first sent to Jefferson 
Barracks, and then to Del Rio, Texas with the 313th Field Cavalry for 
cavalry training. He was there for three months, and was then sent to 
Camp Stithton, Kentucky and transferred to heavy artillery, and was 
mustered out there February 9, 1919. He was ready to start overseas 
when the armistice was signed. He has been mail carrier for Route 
One since August 2, 1920. 

James R. Grisham is master of the Basehor Grange, and was a 
charter member of this organization. He is a highly esteemed citizen and 
has many friends in and around Basehor, Kansas. 



W. F. Goble, a successful farmer of Fairmont Township, and proprietor 
of Twin Pine Farm, is a native of Kickapoo Township, Leavenworth 
County, Kansas. He was born December 15, 1883, the son of Francis and 
Elizabeth (Douglas) Goble; his mother now lives in this township, one 
mile north of Frank Goble. 

Francis Goble was born in Iowa, and his father, W. H. H. Goble, 
was a native of Ohio, first coming to Iowa, and then to St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri, where he owned the land where the stock yards are now sit- 
uated. He settled in Leavenworth County in Kickapoo Township in 1854, 
improving a claim here. He died in 1903 in Oklahoma and is buried at 
Van Winkle Cemetery, Kickapoo Township, Leavenworth County; his 
wife is also buried in this cemetery. Francis Goble was one of the most 
prominent horticulturists of Kansas, and leased and set the largest orchard 
in this state, having put out 700 acres of fruit trees at Usher in Wyandotte 
County. He became ill at Denver, Colorado, while on his way to Cali- 
fornia, and returned to Excelsior Springs, Missouri, where he died Novem- 
ber 20, 1913. 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis Goble were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : E. A. of Fairmont, Kansas, who is a farmer and superintends a sixty- 
five acre orchard, which is owned by Frank Goble; Laura, who lives at 
home ; George, a farmer in Fairmont Township ; W. H., a farmer at Perry, 
Kansas ; Frank, or W. F., the subject of this sketch ; Jesse, who lives on 
the home place; Robert, who, with his brother Jesse owns 160 acres of 
land in Tonganoxie Township, forty acres being in orchard; and Louis, a 
farmer in Fairmont Township. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 475 

W. F. Goble received his educational advantages in the public schools 
of the county, and took a commercial course at Campbell University at 
Holton, Kansas. He remained with his parents until he was twenty-eight 
years of age, and, for six years, he conducted and owned a sixty-five acre 
orchard at Fairmount. He bought the Twin Pine farm of eighty acres 
from John Brink, in January, 1919. This place is well improved — has a 
good two-story residence, barn, poultry house, and other necessary build- 
ings. Mr. Goble rents his ground and orchard. He is one of the substan- 
tial citizens of the community, and is a member of the school board of 
Number Twelve and Thirty-six Joint Districts. 

In 1912, Mr. Goble was married to Miss Bessie Wilson, of Creighton, 
Missouri, a daughter of Daniel and Hattie Wilson ; her father is deceased, 
and her mother lives at Creighton. Mr. and Mrs. Goble have three chil- 
dren: Wilson, Irene and Floyd. 

W. F. and Stephen Goble are uncles of Frank Goble, and are veterans 
of the Civil War, enlisting from Kansas. William J. and Oscar Lee Doug- 
las, cousins of Frank Goble, who live in Fairmount Township, were in the 
World War, both with the Thirty-Fifth Division, Company E, and both 
were wounded; William being wounded September 26, 1918, and Oscar 
Lee receiving wounds twice, the last time September 30, 1918, but was 
back on duty the day following the signing of the armistice, and was with 
the army of occupation in Germany. 



James B. Gray, a prominent farmer of Alexandria Township, is a 
native of Scotland. He was born fourteen miles from Glasgow, June 7, 
1842, the son of James and Elizabeth (Ried) Gray. His father was born 
in 1815 and died in Scotland, and his mother came to America and died 
in Pennsylvania about the year 1900. She was born in 1816. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gray had the following children : Archibald and John, 
who settled in Mercer County, Pennsylvania; James B., the subject of this 
sketch; Henry, deceased; Mrs. Jane Greggs of Mercer County, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Joseph, who is deceased. 

James B. Gray spent his boyhood in Scotland, and was married there 
in 1866 to Margaret Truesdale, and, in 1869, they came to America, set- 
tling first in Pennsylvania, but came to Kansas in 1879 and located in 
Leavenworth, coming to the present farm of 160 acres, which Mr. Gray 
purchased in 1886 for $20.00 per acre. Heavy timber was on the place at 



476 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

the time of the purchase, and there were no improvements, no fences, and 
scarcely any roads. Mr. Gray built two rooms of his present home, built 
his barn of forty by sixty feet in 1897, which has a basement for stock, 
and in 1899, he rebuilt his residence, which is a one and one-half story 
building in good repair. The farm is mostly in pasture and the place is 
well improved. He also bought another 160 acres, which his sons now 
own. Mr. Gray is one of the progressive farmers of the community. 

Mrs. Gray died May 17, 1918, and is buried at Bethel Cemetery. Mr. 
and Mrs. Gray had the following children : James, who lives on the home 
place; Henry, who married Anna Smith, of Easton Township; John, who 
died at the age of seven years ; Isabelle, the wife of Joe Schaple of Rose- 
dale, Kansas; Maggie, the wife of Joe Bonnely, of Leavenworth; John, 
who married Laura Mussett, and lives in Alexandria Township; Eliza- 
beth, who died at the age of nineteen years; Joseph, who married Mary 
Mussett, and lives in Alexandria Township; and Mayme, the widow of 
Francis A. Butler. They were married July 17, 1907, at Leavenworth, 
Kansas, and Mr. Butler engaged in farming until he enlisted in the late 
World War. They had three children: Margaret, Ruth and James, who 
live at home ; also they had three children to die in infancy. 

Francis Butler enlisted July 26, 1917, at Kansas City, Missouri, and 
was sent to Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, and then to France April 1, 1918, 
with Company D, of the One Hundred and Tenth Engineers, Thirty-fifth 
Division. He was killed September 29, 1918, at Argonne Forest and is 
buried there. He was born in Chicago, Illinois, June 4, 1883, the son of 
Michael J. and Elizabeth Butler, both deceased. While at Camp Doniphan, 
he was first sergeant and trained troops in bayonet practice. He was also 
a veteran of the Spanish-American war with Company K of the Engineer 
Corps and served two and one-half years, part of which time he was in the 
Philippine service. 



Oscar Lee Douglas, a hustling and highly esteemed young man of 
Fainnount Township, near Basehor, Kansas, is a native of Kansas, born 
in Atchison County June 10, 1893, the son of James Lewis and Etta Owens 
Douglas, both of whom live in Wyandotte County, Kansas. 

Oscar Douglas was educated in the public schools of this township, 
and was engaged in farming prior to joining the army during the World 
War, enlisting at Leavenworth, Kansas, July 20, 1917. He was sent to 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 477 

Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma, where he remained from September 25, 1917, 
to March 9, 1918. He was then sent to Camp Mills, New Jersey, and went 
overseas to England May 7, 1918, with Company E of the One Hundred 
and Thirty-ninth Infantry. The latter part of May his regiment was sent 
to France, and he was in the skirmish at Vosge Mountains, and was 
wounded there by high explosives. He was in the Argonne Drive Septem- 
ber 6, 1918, and September 30, 1918, was shot through the right hand, 
and was confined to a hospital on account of the wound for one month. 
When the armistice was signed he was at Tours, guarding German prison- 
ers. In 1919, he returned to the United States, and was discharged at 
Des Moines, Iowa, March 24, 1919, having served more than twenty 
months. 

Mr. Douglas was married November 12, 1919, to Myrtle Zoll of Leav- 
enworth. She is the daughter of Ed and Emma Zoll and was born in 
Fairmount Township. Mr. and Mrs. Douglas have one son, Lee, Jr. 

Recently, Mr. Douglas purchased five acres of ground at East Fair- 
mont from Joseph Williams, on which is a neat cottage and where Mr. and 
Mrs. Douglas make their home. Mr. Douglas is setting out berries and 
other fruit. He is a very industrious young man, and a bright future is 
predicted for him. 



James M. Cheatwood, a well-known and prosperous retired farmer of 
Fairmont, is a native of Delaware Township, and was born October 29, 
1861, the son of Joel and Rowena Cheatwood, a sketch of whom appears 
in this volume. 

James M. Cheatwood was educated in Fairmount Township, and re- 
mained with his parents until twenty-seven years of age. He then rented 
land for several years, and, in 1910, bought the farm he now owns of 
160 acres, which adjoins the town site of Fairmont. This place has fine 
improvements, a two-story residence and barn thirty-six by sixty feet, 
also tool house and poultry house. This is one of the best places in this 
township. Mr. Cheatwood has been retired for five years, working only 
when he pleases to do so. At one time Mr. Cheatwood was an extensive 
farmer. He farmed not only this place, but 240 acres, which his father 
owned, and also other land, operating more than 500 acres. He had one 
piece of land rented for nineteen years. Mr. Cheatwood was in the stock 
business, feeding mostly cattle and hogs, and raised most of the grain for 



478 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

his stock. Mr. Cheatwood has been a progressive man in every way, and 
although he stands high in the township has never sought office of any 
kind. He makes his home on a pretty place of one and one-third acres in 
Fairmont, on which he has a modern bungalow, poultry house, feed house 
and garage. 

April 4, 1889, Mr. Cheatwood was married at Fairmont, Kansas, to 
Zella Diefendorf, a daughter of Elisha and Augusta Diefendorf. Her 
father was an early pioneer of Leavenworth, and later moved to Fair- 
mont about the year 1880, where he died, and is buried at Mt. Muncie. 
Mrs. Diefendorf is now living in Leavenworth, Kansas. Mrs. Cheatwood 
was born in Ohio and came with her parents when an infant, about the 
year 1867, and was reared in Leavenworth, attending the schools there. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cheatwood have a daughter, Nina, the wife of William 
Meyer, who is a farmer of Delaware Township, and Mr. and Mrs. Meyer 
have a daughter, Mildred. 

Mr. Cheatwood is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America of 
Fairmont. 



Maurice W. Hiatt, a wide-awake and prosperous farmer and stockman 
of Delaware Township, was born in Noblesville, Indiana, December 12, 
1869, the son of Alfred and Sarah (Bostwick) Hiatt; his father was born 
on the same farm, and came to Kansas in 1871 and homesteaded land in 
Butler County. He died near Elbing Station in 1880 at the age of thirty- 
seven years. His wife was a native of Syracuse, New York, and now lives 
in Jewell County, Kansas. Alfred Hiatt was a Quaker. He and his wife 
were the parents of the following children: Maurice W., of this sketch; 
Burton, who died at the age of seventeen years; and Alice, the wife of 
Jasper Wilson, and lives at Guide Rock, Nebraska. 

Maurice W. Hiatt was educated in the public schools and high school 
of Jewell County, and was in the cattle business there, after he finished 
school, until he came to Leavenworth County in 1893. He bought his 
present farm of 400 acres in 1912, which was formerly owned by the 
A. G. Cogswell estate. 

Mr. Hiatt has remodeled the residence, and has built a big barn, horse 
barn, and other buildings, thoroughly equipping the place for stock raising, 
and the buildings and yards are all planned with that end in view. He 
has twenty-five acres in alfalfa. Mr. Hiatt is a very successful stock 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 479 

breeder, and has the registered Aberdeen Angus cattle, registered Poland 
China hogs, also the registered Duroc Jersey hogs, and raises the pure- 
bred White Rock chickens. He sells his stock at private sales, and can not 
supply the demands. He has from thirty-five to forty head of cattle, and 
feeds a car load of hogs every year. The farm is well watered with 
springs and wells. 

Mr. Hiatt's present wife was Lila Royer of Jewell County, Kansas, a 
native of this state, and daughter of Benjamin Royer and wife. The 
former came from Pennsylvania, and was engaged in the elevator busi- 
ness at Burr Oak, Kansas, for a number of years. 

By a former marriage to Maude English, deceased, Mr. Hiatt has two 
children: Wesley, of Leavenworth, Kansas; and Almond B., who was 
born in 1896 and educated in the Lansing grade and high schools. Dur- 
ing the World War, he enlisted April, 1917, and was sent to the Great 
Lakes Training Camp for ten days, then entered as a stocker on the 
U. S. Connecticut, and transferred to Pocahontas, and, while in service, 
made twenty round trips across the ocean. He was an engineer's mate, 
and had charge of the men in the engine room. He was in service for 
nearly three years. 

Mr. Hiatt is a member of the Federation of Farm Bureaus and holds 
membership in the following lodges : Ancient Free and Accepted Masons ; 
Modern Woodmen of America; Knights Templar, and Mystic Shrine. 
He is also a director of the Lansing State Bank, and is one of the most 
substantial and well-known citizens of the township. 



J. W. Kemler, a hustling and progressive citizen of Basehor, Kansas, 
is proprietor of a garage and auto storage here. He was born in Wash- 
ington County, Iowa, October, 18, 1870, the son of John and Magdalena 
(Mann) Kemler; his mother lives in Basehor, and is now eighty-four years 
of age. She was born in Germany and came to America with her parents, 
when she was six years old. John Kemler was also a native of Germany. 
He and his wife were married in Iowa and came to Kansas in 1876, settling 
one mile south of Basehor. He died in 1882 at the age of fifty years, and 
is buried at Glenwood Cemetery. Mrs. Kemler still owns the old home 
place. They were the parents of the following children: J. W., of this 
sketch; John of Basehor; Mrs. Lena Lewis, of Basehor; Mrs. Mary Weld- 
grubi, deceased ; Christ and Elmer, of Basehor. 



480 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

J. W. Kemler was educated in the Glenwood schools, and after finish- 
ing his education was engaged in the mercantile business at Basehor for 
ten years, and for five years was employed by the telephone company. 
He started his present business in 1915, and in 1917 built a two-story 
concrete building, fifty by one hundred feet, and this building will accom- 
modate storage for fifty cars. Mr. Kemler does general auto repairing, 
employing five men, and he also carries a line of repairs and accessories 
and has the agency for Ford cars and Fordson tractors, having sold more 
than three hundred cars and tractors. He has been very successful in his 
present business, and has also found time to be of service to his township, 
having filled the office of clerk and treasurer for at least fifteen years. 
He is at present clerk of the township. 

March 14, 1894, Mr. Kemler was married to Deborah Stone, a daughter 
of Chris and Sarah Stone; Mrs. Stone lives with her daughter and Chris 
Stone died about fifteen years ago. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kemler have five children : Mrs. Maude Wiles, who died 
at the age of twenty-five years, and left a daughter Betty Ruth ; Floyd, 
who died at the age of two years; Pauline, the wife of Clair Dunbar; they 
have two children — Paul and Helen Lucille ; Helen, who lives at home, and 
Lucille, who died at the age of one year. 

Mr. Kemler is a member of the Modem Woodmen of America at 
Basehor, and of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons at Piper, Kansas. 
He is a substantial citizen and has many friends throughout the township. 



Anton Nirschl, proprietor of the Tonganoxie Billiard Hall, is a native 
of Bavaria, Germany. He was bom July 2, 1869, the son of Anton and 
Anna (Turner) Nirschl. 

Anton Nirschl, senior, was born in June, 1830 in Bavaria, Germany 
and Anna (Turner) Nirschl was born December 24, 1828, in the same 
country. They were married in their native land, where Anton, Jr., and 
his twin brother, Joseph, now deceased, were born. In 1883, Anton, Sr., 
and Anna (Turner) Nirschl left their native land and homesteaded land 
near Yorkton, South Dakota. They were pioneers in the state of South 
Dakota and for many years labored on the farm. Anton Nirschl died 
January 22, 1904, and his wife died October 28, 1888. They were both 
buried near their adopted home. 

Anton Nirschl, Jr., attended the schools of his native land and after 




WILLIAM. JOHN AND CARL H. NIRSCHL. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 481 

settling in South Dakota attended the rural schools. He remained with 
his father on the farm until the latter's death, when he left and started 
life for himself. He came to Leavenworth County, Kansas in 1909 and 
purchased the old Chief Tonganoxie farm of seventy-one acres. He re- 
mained here until 1914, when he opened up his billiard hall in Tonganoxie. 

Anton Nirschl and Emily Sitter were married April 24, 1889 in Ar- 
mour, Douglas County, South Dakota. She is a daughter of Ignaty and 
Anna (Koshka) Sitter, natives of Bavaria, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Anton 
Nirschl are the parents of eight children, as follows: Frank Joseph, born 
July 21, 1890, married Clara Huffman; Anton and Joseph, twins, born 
March 24, 1892, now deceased; Carroll Herman, bom October 4, 1893, 
married Molly Mallnofer. He enlisted in the Engineers Corps at Kansas 
City, Missouri during the World War and was sent to Camp Brownsville, 
and later he was sent to England, but was sent from there back to the 
United States, not seeing any service in France ; John, born April 12, 1896, 
served in Company F, Three Hundred and Thirteenth Ammunition Train 
of the Eighty-eighth Division. He saw service in France; William H., 
born June 12, 1898, and was the first one of the family to enlist during 
the World War; Mary, born February 19, 1900, at home; and George 
Henry, born November 19, 1903, a student in the high school. 

Mr. and Mrs. Nirschl are members of the Catholic Church and Mr. 
Nirschl is a member of the Knights of Columbus and the Woodmen of 
the World. 

William Nirschl enlisted at Jefferson Barracks, April 20, 1917, in the 
Thirty-fifth Infantry and was sent to a training camp in Arizona, and 
from there to Camp Travis, Texas, and then to Camp Lewis, Washington, 
from which camp he was discharged March 31, 1920. 

John Joseph Nirschl was drafted and sent to Camp Funston May 27, 
1918, then sent to Camp Dodge, Iowa, where he was assigned to Company 
F, Three Hundred and Thirteenth Ammunition Train of the Eighty-eighth 
Division. August 10, 1918 he was sent to Camp Mills and August 17, 

1918 left for overseas, landing at Liverpool, England August 30, 1918. 
From Liverpool they were shipped to South Hampton, then by ship to 
LeHavre, France, then stopped at places such as Harricourt, Belfast and 
finally St. Nazarre, France. From this latter place they left May 20, 

1919 for home and landed at Thirty-third Street, New York, May 29, 1919. 
They were sent to Camp Mills, then to Camp Funston, where they were 
discharged June 12, 1919. 

(27) 



482 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

William J. Stephenson, a leading educator of the county and super- 
intendent of Basehor High School, was born at Basehor, Kansas, October 
7, 1895, the son of Charles and Clara (Struebelt) Stephenson, both resi- 
dents here. 

William Stephenson spent his boyhood in Basehor, attending school 
there, and was graduated from the high school in 1913. In 1917, he was 
graduated from Park College at Parkville, Missouri, and one month after 
graduation, he enlisted on July 30, 1917, at Leavenworth, Kansas, to serve 
during the World War. He was sent to Jefferson Barracks and then to 
Camp Robinson, Wisconsin, with the heavy field artillery, and in Decem- 
ber, 1917, was sent overseas with the Second Division and was stationed 
at Camp Valdahon for special training. He went into the trenches March 
14, 1918, in the Troyon sector near Verdun, and was there until July 7, 
1918, when he was shifted to Chateau Thierry, where he remained until 
the offensive took place, and was then sent to Soissons. He fought there, 
and was then sent to St. Mihiel and then dropped back for a short rest at 
Marbache. He then engaged in the Aisne offensive at Argonne Meuse 
in the Champaign sector, and from there went to Argonne Forest offen- 
sive, where he remained until the armistice was signed November 11, 1918. 
He then marched into Germany and was on march until December 16, 
1918, and was stationed one week at Bendorf, Germany, and then sent to 
Fortress Ehrenbreitstien on the Rhine, where he remained until July, 1919, 
returning to the United States, August 14, 1919, and was mustered out at 
Camp Dodge, Iowa, after service of two years and one month. He was 
made corporal at Camp Robinson, Wisconsin, and promoted to sergeant at 
Troyon sector, Verdun. During the entire service, he had charge of the 
communication of the battery, and has a Croix De Guerre which he 
received on the Champaign front for distinguished service at Mont Blanc, 
France. He also has three certificates of citations for bravery in action. 

Professor Stephenson taught his first school at Easton, Kansas, and 
accepted his present position which he very capably fills in September, 
1920. 

The Basehor High School is a two-story frame building, and besides 
Professor Stephenson, five teachers are engaged. There are about one 
hundred pupils, twenty-five in the high school and twenty-six in the junior 
high, and this is an accredited high school, of which there are but six in 
the county. 

Professor Stephenson is a member of the Second Division Association 
of New York. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 483 

Martin Ehart, a capable and successful grocer located at 433 North 
Tenth Street, Leavenworth, is a native of Kuhr Hessen, Germany. He 
was born February 28, 1854, the son of Henry and Christine (Damm) 
Ehart, a sketch of whom appears in this volume with Adam Ehart's sketch. 

Martin Ehart remained in his native land and attended the schools 
of Kuhr Hessen, Germany, until 1871, when he joined his elder brothers 
in London, England. While there he was employed in a bakery shop. In 
1872, in company with his brothers, he left London, England, and estab- 
lished his residence at Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Mr. Ehart was first employed in a bakery by Peter Short, at the 
corner of Fourth and Miami streets. From the years 1873 to 1875 he 
was employed as a clerk in his brother, Christ Ehart's, store. April 15, 
1876, he went to the Black Hills, remaining for a short time, and upon 
his return to Leavenworth was engaged in teaming. November 25, 1880, 
Mr. Ehart opened up his first grocery business, located at 433 North Tenth 
Street, in a two-story building. In this building he conducted his busi- 
ness until in 1890 it was replaced by a two-story brick building, costing 
$3,500 at that time. For thirty years Mr. Ehart has conducted a clean, 
up-to-date grocery business, winning the patronage of a growing trade 
through his handling of honest, high class goods. 

Martin Ehart and Mary Goergen were married December 26, 1875. 
She was born July 9, 1860, and died November 7, 1913, in Leavenworth, 
Kansas. They had two children, as follows: Henry, born June 21, 1878, 
residing at Leavenworth, and Mary, born September 13, 1879, living at 
Clay Center, Kansas. 

Martin Ehart is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Knights of Pythias and the Turners. He is a member of St. John's 
Church and independent in his politics. Mr. Ehart is a public spirited 
and progressive citizen. He served six years, from 1902 to 1908, as coun- 
cilman of Leavenworth, Kansas. 



Adam Ehart, a native of Germany and a retired farmer and business 
man, is one of the substantial pioneer citizens of Leavenworth. Adam 
Ehart was born in Kuhr Hessen, Germany, September 28, 1848, the son 
of Hemy and Christina (Damm) Ehart, both natives of Kuhr Hessen, 
Germany. The former was born September 27, 1817, and the latter Octo- 
ber 18, 1815. They were farmers and shepherds in their native land. 



484 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Henry Ehart spent all but the last few years in his native land. His wife, 
Christina (Damm) Ehart, died at Kuhr Hessen, Germany, in 1883, and 
after her death Henry Ehart joined his children at Leavenworth, Kansas. 
He passed away April 18, 1888. 

Henry and Christina Ehart were married in Kuhr Hessen, Germany, 
in 1835 and fourteen children were born to them, as follows: Elsie, wife 
of John Yhrig, born September 22, 1836, lives at Springfield, Ohio; Chris- 
topher, born June 15, 1838, died February 10, 1910; Henry, born April 
15, 1841, died in Leavenworth County, Kansas; Elizabeth, died in infancy; 
Mary, Mrs. John Werner, was born January 17, 1843, died May 8, 1919; 
John Henry, born January 3, 1845, died November 18, 1895; Anna Eliza- 
beth, wife of William Wendel, born October 9, 1847, resides at Milwood, 
Leavenworth County, Kansas; Adam, the subject of this sketch; Chris- 
tina, born in 1850, died in -infancy; Fred, bom 1852, died in infancy; 
Martin, born February 28, 1854 ; Martha, wife of Dr. Gortney, born April 
12, 1856, died 1908 ; infant, deceased ; and Anna Catherine, wife of Herman 
Kneckler, born October 20, 1858, resides in Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Adam Ehart spent his early childhood and manhood years in Kuhr 
Hessen, Germany. He attended the schools of his native land. On Sep- 
tember 29, 1866, he went to London, England, and he remained there for 
six years, working in the Wolgmuth Sugar Factory until 1872, when he 
with his brother, Martin D., and sister, Martha, embarked for the United 
States and located in Leavenworth County, Kansas. Adam Ehart rented 
160 acres of land near Milwood, Kansas, and farmed this until March 10, 
1876, when he came to Leavenworth and opened up a grocery business at 
the corner of Seventh and Kiowa streets. This business he successfully 
conducted for many years, keeping abreast of the times and handling the 
very best of groceries. March 10, 1901, Adam Ehart disposed of his 
grocery business and purchased 510 acres of land in Leavenworth County. 
He farmed this land and made it his home until May 14, 1918, when the 
land was divided among his children and he retired to spend his remain- 
ing days at Leavenworth. 

In London, England, October 29, 1870, Adam Ehart married Anna 
Elizabeth Orth. She is a native of Kuhr Hessen, Germany, where she 
was born January 24, 1850. To Mr. and Mrs. Ehart have been born five 
children, as follows: Christopher, born May 5, 1872 in London, England; 
Henry, born November 7, 1873, resides in Leavenworth; Mary, born Au- 
gust 15, 1876, Leavenworth; Adam, Jr., born July 18, 1880; and Anna 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 485 

Elizabeth, wife of Leo Banks, born January 21, 1884, lives at Leavenworth. 

Mr. Ehart is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Knights of Pythias, the Sons of Veterans and the Foresters. He is 
independent in politics. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ehart have eight grandchildren, as follows: George, 
born January 19, 1895. He was inducted into the World War and served in 
the 89th Division Machine Gun. He was in the front line trenches when 
the armistice was signed. He returned to Leavenworth in June, 1919. 
The other grandchildren are: Clara, wife of Fred Alcessar, Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania; Martin, Leavenworth County; Rosa, Leavenworth County; 
Elizabeth, Leavenworth; Frank, Leavenworth, and Walter and Orth 
Banks. 



William J. Domann, a successful farmer and stockman of Kickapoo 
Township, and owner of 160 acres of land four miles northwest of Leaven- 
worth, was bom in Jefferson County, Kansas, March 20, 1868, the son 
of William and Charlotte (Noll) Domann, who were the parents of twelve 
children, all of whom live in Jefferson County, except William J. Domann 
and a brother who is a priest. All of the children are living — ten boys 
and two girls. The father was born in Westphalia, Germany, November, 
1843, and came to America when about eighteen or nineteen years of age, 
and settled in Kansas, where he worked as a farm hand cutting com for 
$7.00 per month. He became homesick to go back to Europe, but in those 
days never got enough money saved to make the trip, so remained here. 
He also worked for the August Wulfekuhler Wholesale Grocery Com- 
pany, feeding their mules for them and driving a delivery wagon. He 
then worked at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, for the government, freight- 
ing to western Colorado and to the Black Hills. During the Civil War 
he drove an ambulance and bomb shell wagon. After the war he married 
and moved to the old Scott farm in Jefferson County, and later bought 
eighty acres of land, which is now the old homestead. He now owns 
2,000 acres, all choice farms in Jefferson County. He is now living a 
retired and pleasant life. He is a shareholder of several banks at the 
following towns in Kansas: Winchester, Nortonville, Potter and Salina. 
He and his wife, who was born in Hessen, Germany, in 1849 and came to 
this country when a child, are both members of the Catholic Church, and 
they, together with their sons, contributed $15,000 to the church 
building. 



486 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

William J. Domann was reared on his father's farm and attended 
school, but was handicapped in getting an education by having to work 
hard. He began for himself when 21 years of age and worked for his 
father for one year for $500.00, board, room and clothes. The second 
year his father gave him a team and all necessary implements with which 
to farm, and he farmed the home place. His proceeds for two cars of 
corn that year were two twenty dollar gold pieces, corn having sold at 
that time for thirteen cents per bushel. This was the first gold he ever 
owned, and he carried one twenty in each pocket and the other in his 
other pocket. The same spring he sold the rest of his corn for sixty cents 
per bushel. He made good from the start and bought his first farm near 
Nortonville, Kansas, consisting of 160 acres, which he improved, building 
new fences, new barn and remodeling the house. He lived there for ten 
years, until 1900, when he sold out and bought his present farm of 160 
acres, for which he paid $10,000. He built and stuccoed the house on 
this place, erected a barn, and refenced the farm and made other nice im- 
provements. The place was run down at the time he purchased it, but 
it now presents a fine appearance due to the energy and industry displayed 
by Mr. Domann. 

Mr. Domann was married August 30, 1892, to Frances Didde, who 
was born in Jefferson County, Kansas, November 27, 1871, the daughter 
of Joseph and Gertrude (Riepenkroger) Didde, natives of Germany, and 
who are now deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Domann have had twelve children, as follows: William 
J., a graduate of Leavenworth High School, and who is a clerk in the 
postoffice at Fort Leavenworth; Agnes, a graduate of the high school at 
Leavenworth, and who is a teacher in Salt Creek Valley ; Angela, a grad- 
uate of the high school, who lives at home; Frances, a graduate of the 
high school, and who now lives at home, but last year did stenographic 
work at the Army Service School; Aloysius, a student in St. Benedict 
College at Atchison, Kansas ; Clara and Margaret, students in high school ; 
Edith, Marie, Gertrude, Scholistica and Anthony, all at home with their 
parents. 

Mr. Domann votes the Independent ticket. He is now a member of 
the school board of district number three; member of the Catholic Church, 
and of the Moose Lodge, and is a shareholder in the State Savings Bank 
at Leavenworth, of which bank he was a director for seven years. He and 
his family are substantial citizens of the township. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 487 

J. F. Mottin, a well known farmer of Kickapoo Township, was born 
in this township September 2, 1869, the son of Leger Nichols and Mary- 
Jane (Daslam) Mottin, who were the parents of eleven children, six boys 
and five girls, J. F. being the fifth child. Two of the boys died in infancy 
and one of the daughters is dead. 

Leger Nichols Mottin was a native of Lorraine, France, born Decem- 
ber 19, 1826. He left his native land in 1845 and settled near St. Louis, 
Missouri, coming to Kansas in 1868 and purchasing 280 acres of land in 
Kickapoo Township, where he farmed until his death, December 25, 1903. 
His wife was born in Illinois, near St. Louis, Missouri, January 4, 1839. 
She died in April, 1917, and she and her husband are both buried in St. 
Joseph Cemetery at Mount Olivet. 

J. F. Mottin has always been a farmer. He was educated in district 
school number four, and in early life began working for himself, remain- 
ing at home until he married. He bought his first farm in Kickapoo 
Township, which he sold, and later bought another and sold that, buying 
his present farm of sixty-six acres in 1913. Thirty acres of this piece 
of ground is productive. Mr. Mottin does general farming and is ener- 
getic and industrious. 

Mr. Mottin has been married twice, the first time in 1901 to Minnie 
Cotter. She died in May, 1903, and Mr. Mottin was married the second 
time October 22, 1912, to Mamie Vogler, who was born in Leavenworth, 
Kansas. No children were born to either union. 

Mr. Mottin is a member of the Catholic Church and is a Democrat 
in politics. 



Arthur St. Leger Mosse, a farmer and stockman of Kickapoo Town- 
ship, well known throughout the State as an extensive breeder of pure 
bred Chester White hogs, was born in County Cork, Ireland, March 29, 
1873, the son of Arthur W. and Sophia (Palmer) Mosse, and is the young- 
est of five children. Arthur Mosse was a farmer in Ireland and died in 
Arkansas City, Kansas, in 1891 at the age of fifty-six years, and his 
mother died in 1900 at the age of sixty-five. 

Arthur St. Leger Mosse received his education in the Arkansas City, 
Ka.isas, grade and high schools, and was graduated from the Kansas Uni- 
versity in 1898. For seven years after his graduation he was coach for 
the Kansas University football team and was coach for the University 



488 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

of Western Pennsylvania at Pittsbui'gh for four years. In 1900 he began 
farming and in 1902 moved to his present farm of 160 acres, which he 
owns. He specializes in the breeding of pure bred Chester White hogs, 
his farm being thoroughly equipped with modern buildings for this pur- 
suit. In 1920 Mr. Mosse exhibited his hogs at twelve state fairs, and these 
exhibits have made him widely known throughout the country. He is a 
member and director of Pure Bred Live Stock Association of Kansas, and 
takes a great interest in the promotion of pure bred stock. His success 
is placing him in the front rank in this field of endeavor. 

December 28, 1898, Mr. Mosse was married to Ruth Grover, who 
was born on their present farm in 1877. She is the daughter of Charles 
H. and Sarah (Hanthorn) Grover, both deceased. Charles H. Grover was 
a prominent politician of Kansas in the early days. He lived in Leaven- 
worth most of his life, where he practiced law. On August 27, 1855, he 
was appointed district attorney of the territory of Kansas. Mr. Grover 
pre-empted the farm on which Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Mosse now live, and 
Mrs. Mosse has the land patent signed by President Buchanan in 1859 
for the present farm. Mr. Grover was the first county attorney of Leav- 
enworth County, Kansas, and served three terms in the Kansas Legis- 
lature. 

Mr. and Mrs. Mosse have three children: Justine, a student in Kan- 
sas University ; Marion and Ruth, both at home with their parents. 

Mr. Mosse is a republican, a member of the Episcopal church and is 
a Mason, a Shriner and an Elk. 



James G. White, a successful and capable farmer of Tonganoxie 
Township, is the owner of 160 acres of land. He was bom near Kansas 
City, Missouri, September 15, 1867, the son of James W. and Anna (Mc- 
Gee) White. 

James W. White was born in Clay County, Missouri, October 21, 1836, 
and when a small child moved with his parents to Platte County, Missouri, 
where they owned a farm of 220 acres of land three and one-half miles 
north of Parkville, Missouri. James W. White remained with his parents 
from 1840 to 1865 on this farm. At this time he enlisted in the Southern 
army and was wounded at the battle of Wilson Creek. 

After the Civil War, James White and Anna McGee were married 
at Kansas City, Missouri. She was born in Westport, now a part of 




MR. AND MRS. JAMES W. WHITE 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 489 

Kansas City, in 1841, the daughter of Allen and Miss Fry McGee. They 
were among the very earliest settlers of what is now Kansas City, Mis- 
souri. Their homestead was located where Thirty-fifth Street and Broad- 
way are now located. Milton McGee, a brother of Allen McGee, was the 
first mayor of Kansas City. 

Mr. and Mrs. James W. White, after their marriage, purchased 105 
acres of land in what is now Fifty-seventh to Fifty-ninth and Broadway 
in Kansas City. They were the parents of six children, as follows: Mary 
E., deceased; James, the subject of this sketch; Addie, Mrs. William 
Hawley, of Kansas City, Missouri; William A., of Olathe, Kansas; Eliza- 
beth, Mrs. Eugene Littrell, of Kansas City, Missouri; and one infant, 
deceased. 

James W. White remained on this farm until 1908, when he sold the 
land and retired, moving to Kansas City. He died at Fifty-first and Wal- 
nut streets in 1911. His wife, Anna McGee, died on the farm in 1896 
and they are both buried at Forest Hill Cemetery. 

James G. White attended the public schools of Kansas City and the 
Commercial College. He remained with his parents until he was twenty- 
eight years of age, when he went to South America for two years. Upon 
his return he was married. His marriage to Delia Spence, January 5, 1898, 
was solemnized at Kansas City, Missouri. She was born February 7, 1873 
in Pettis County, Missouri, the daughter of Milton and Fannie (Wifley) 
Spence. 

Milton Spence was a native of North Carolina and came to Greene 
County, Missouri, when a lad. He followed general farming and stock 
raising and during the Civil War was allied with the Confederate forces. 
He was a second lieutenant. During the war he was wounded at the battle 
of Pilot Knob and later served a term in the Federal Military Prison at 
Johnson Island. He died in Kansas City, Missouri in 1920. Fannie 
(Wifley) Spence was born in Nodaway County, Missouri, near Mary- 
ville. She was fifteen years old when she moved to Kansas City, and she 
is now deceased. Mrs. Delia (Spence) White was the second child of 
seven children born to her parents. 

Mr. and Mrs. G. James White are the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Francis, a teacher in the Eureka School District No. 45 in Tonga- 
noxie Township; James G., Jr., in the United States Navy; and Pauline, 
at home with parents. 



490 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

James White is a member of the Masonic Lodge at Tonganoxie and 
is a Democrat. He is one of the esteemed and successful farmers of 
Tonganoxie Township. 



Frank W. Logan, a leading grain farmer of Leavenworth, Kansas, 
and member of a prominent pioneer family, was born in Kickapoo Town- 
ship on the farm where he now lives, February 23, 1876, the son of B. B. 
and Sarah A. (Rasdall) Logan, natives of Kentucky and Missouri. The 
father was born in 1848 and died in 1920. He came to Kansas with his 
parents when four years old. He was the son of Camblin and Matildia 
(Fields) Logan, who settled in Walnut Township, Atchison County, Kan- 
sas, where they pre-empted land, later moving to Kickapoo Township, 
Leavenworth County, where they bought the farm now owned by Frank 
W. Logan. They lived the remainder of their life on this farm, and reared 
a family of fifteen children. Camblin Logan was an active member of the 
Methodist Church, and was a democrat in politics. 

B. B. Logan was the second oldest in the family and farmed all of his 
life, with the exception of a few years, when he engaged in grade con- 
tracting in Colorado. He farmed in Oklahoma, and traveled quite exten- 
sively for those days. Mrs. B. B. Logan was born in Platte County, Mis- 
souri, in 1848 and died in 1911. She and her husband were the parents of 
eight children, Frank W. Logan being their third child. 

Frank W. Logan was educated in the district schools, and began 
farming about nineteen years ago. During that time he spent four years 
in Oklahoma and California. He returned to Kansas in 1915 and bought 
his present farm, which consists of 158 acres, on which he has made neces- 
sary improvements. He farms about 300 acres, specializing in raising 
grain, having 190 acres in wheat. In 1920, he raised 1,700 bushels of 
wheat. He is strictly a grain farmer, and uses tractors and all modern 
machinery for farm use. He is one of the most enterprising farmers of 
the county. In politics Mr. Logan is a democrat. He is a member of the 
Methodist Church; a charter member of the Farmer's Grange; and also 
a member of the Knights and Ladies of Security. 

November 28, 1900, Mr. Logan was married to Myrtle Hundley, who 
was bom in Liberty, Kansas, the daughter of J. C. and Josie (McDonald) 
Hundley. The Hundley family were among the early settlers of Leaven- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 491 

worth County from Kentucky. J. C. Hundley is a farmer of Atchison 
County. ' 

Mr. and Mrs. Logan have eight children, all of whom are at home; 
they are as follows: Clyde, Clarence, Elmer, Roland, Geraldine, Francis, 
Woodrow and Mary. 



William F. Sharpe, an enterprising farmer and breeder of Durham 
shorthorn cattle of Kickapoo Township, was born March 25, 1862, in the 
town of Kickapoo, Kansas, the son of George 0. and Lydia (Smith) Sharpe. 
who were the parents of three children, as follows: Ella, the widow of 
Timothy O'Connell of Logan, New Mexico ; George 0., of Kickapoo Town- 
ship ; and William F., who was the youngest of the three. 

George Sharpe was born in Wheeling, West Virginia, in 1812, and 
died in 1894. He was a millwright and constructed flour mills, working 
at this business in Virginia. In the spring of 1854, he came to Leaven- 
worth and operated the first saw mill in this section for Murphy C. 
Scruggs, sawing lumber for many of the buildings that now stand in 
Leavenworth. He also did carpentering work, and after a few years 
engaged in the mercantile business at Kickapoo Township, and at the time 
of his death was the oldest postmaster in the United States in point of 
service, having conducted the post office of that town before the Civil 
War until 1894. He always kept a diary, which is interesting to his fam- 
ily and friends. His wife was a native of Pennsylvania, and died in 1878 
at the age of fifty-six years. 

William Sharpe was reared in this township, and in 1878, he began 
working for the railroad in the track department, for the Missouri Pacific 
railroad out of Kansas City, Missouri. After his marriage in 1890, he 
moved to a farm in this township, his wife being an heir to the 105 acres 
of land, where they now live. All of this place is in cultivation, and Mr. 
Sharpe has been very successful in farming and stockraising. He made an 
exhibit of his cattle at the Leavenworth County Stock Show last year, 
and, although he did not win any prizes, his stock made an excellent 
showing. 

In politics, Mr. Sharpe is a democrat, and has been justice of the 
peace of his township. He belongs to the Security of Benefit Association. 

May 12, 1890, Mr. Sharpe was married to Fannie Finley, who was 
born on their present farm March 16, 1862, the daughter of William and 



492 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Sarah (McCullah) Finley, natives of South Carolina, who settled in Wes- 
ton, Missouri, about the year 1854, and in 1860 preempted the present 
farm owned by Mrs. Sharpe. This place was improved by Mr. and Mrs. 
Finley, and they lived here until their death. Mr. Sharpe has further im- 
proved the place, and has tilled most of the land, making it much more 
productive than formerly, and better to farm in wet seasons. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sharpe have two children, Sadie and Walter, who are at 
home with them. 



George Schweizer, deceased, was a well to do and leading farmer of 
Kickapoo Township for many years. He was born April 26, 1840, in 
Wurtemberg, Germany, and came to the United States with his parents, 
Melchior and Anna Marie Schweizer, in 1852. George Schweizer was the 
only child reared out of sixteen children born to his parents. 

Mr. and Mrs. Melchior Schweizer first went to Canada and later to 
Weston, Missouri, and in 1853 went to Leavenworth, Kansas, where Mr. 
Schweizer conducted the first bakery in that town. In those days there 
were no horses with which to deliver and Mr. Schweizer was forced to 
carry the bread around town in baskets. Melchior Schweizer bought a 
farm and in 1861 with his family moved to Kickapoo Township and im- 
proved this farm. 

George Schweizer was reared and lived in this township until he 
died, July 12, 1911. He owned eighty acres of improved land and did 
general farming and stock raising, always keeping a good grade of stock. 
In 1860 George Schweizer with his neighbors moved an old house from 
Kickapoo, Kansas, with oxen to the site of the present home. An addi- 
tion was put on and it made nine rooms. This old house was burned in 
1903. His father was the first farmer in this township to sow wheat. 
His neighbors laughed at him for planting wheat here, but this same 
ground has been producing wheat since 1869. Mr. Schweizer was treas- 
urer of school district number five for a number of years. In politics he 
was a Democrat; was a member of the Lutheran Church and of the 
Knights of Pythias Lodge. 

May 12, 1869, Mr. Schweizer was married to Elizabeth C. Schott, who 
was born December 5, 1851, in Dayton, Ohio, the daughter of John and 
Anna Mary (Kaechlele) Schott, both natives of Wurtemburg, Germany. 
They were the parents of seven children. They left their native country 



HISTORY OP LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 493 

in 1849 and came to Ohio, where John Schott engaged in blacksmithing 
until 1853, when he came to Leavenworth, Kansas. He returned in 1855 
and brought his family to Kansas. They came by boat up the Missouri 
River, a long and tedious trip, taking them fifteen days to come from 
St. Louis to Leavenworth. The boat would get stuck on a sand barge 
and then all the passengers would have to get out and walk. John Schott 
became a politician after he came to Leavenworth, and was the first city 
marshal and later was United States marshal. While he was a policeman 
Mayor Anthony was the mayor of Leavenworth. Mr. Schott was born 
May 2, 1836, and died in 1894, and his wife, who was born April 7, 1834, 
died in 1889. 

To George Schweizer and wife were born the following children, fif- 
teen growing to maturity : Anna M., deceased ; Karl F., of Arizona ; Kath- 
erine, the wife of William LaCaille, of Kickapoo Township, a sketch of 
whom appears in this volume; Laura, who is deceased; Melchior, of Los 
Angeles, California; George, of Kansas City, Missouri; Ernest A., who 
lives at home and farms the home place; Fred A., who is employed by 
the government at Camp Funston; Andrew, who is dead; Charles Law- 
rence, of Nebraska, who is employed as bridge worker on the Missouri 
Pacific Railroad; Francis M., deceased; Lillian, the wife of H. F. Turner, 
and who is deceased; David J., of Nebraska, who works with a brdge 
gang for the Missouri Pacific Railroad ; William W., of Los Angeles, Cali- 
fornia; and Lucien B., of Kickapoo Township. 

Charles Lawrence Schweizer was inducted into service in the late 
war and went from Fort Leavenworth to Camp Funston, where he was 
stationed for two years in the infantry, and was discharged from there. 
He was one of the first of twelve men to leave Leavenworth County, and 
when they were asked as to their willingness to serve their country, out 
of the twelve, Charles Schweizer was the only one that stated he was 
willing to fight for his country, and he was then and there made color 
sergeant and carried the flag out of the county to Camp Funston. 

David J. Schweizer enlisted and got as far as Dover, England, when 
the armistice was signed. He was in the aerial service. 

William W. Schweizer enlisted at Kansas City, Missouri, and was in 
the 129th Field Artillery at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. 

Mrs. Schweizer owns the home place of eighty acres. She is a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church of Kickapoo and is an honored resident of this 
township. 



494 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Joseph D. Cleavinger, a prominent farmer and stockman of Kickapoo 
Township, is a native of Easton Township, Leavenworth County, and was 
born September 25, 1857, the son of Eli and Jane B. (Davidson) Cleav- 
inger, the second of seven children, as follows : Rebecca Ann, the wife of 
H. J. Lohman, deceased; J. W., of Mission, Texas; Nancy E., the wife of 
J. M. Cory, deceased; Asa M., of Trinidad Colorado; Mary J., the wife of 
J. B. Herndon, deceased ; and Moses E. of Spring Lake, Texas. 

Eli Cleavinger was born September 17, 1826, near Russellville, Ken- 
tucky, and died February 24, 1893. He settled in Missouri in 1849 and 
lived both in Platte and Clay counties, in that state, for six years. In 
1855, he came to Easton Township, Leavenworth County, Kansas, and 
took up a claim of 160 acres, which he improved and farmed until his 
death. He was one of the pioneers who assisted in organizing Union 
Church, a church which all denominations in the neighborhood attended. 
Mr. Cleavinger was a member of the Masonic Lodge. During the Civil 
War he was in the one hundred day service, but never got any farther than 
Leavenworth, Kansas. His father and mother were Asa Eli and Miss 
(Danks) Cleavinger, natives of Virginia, who lived and died in Kentucky, 
and were the parents of seven children. 

The mother of Joseph Cleavinger was born June 23, 1826, in Ken- 
tucky, but came to Missouri when six years of age with her parents. She 
died June 2, 1910. 

Joseph D. Cleavinger has been a farmer all of his life. For twelve 
years he lived in Jefferson County, where he bought land. In the spring 
of 1906, he bought his present farm, which was the homestead of his 
father-in-law, Benjamin F. Edwards, who pre-empted the land from the 
government. Mr. Cleavinger does general farming and stock raising and 
is a progressive and worthy citizen of the county. 

September 28, 1880, Mr. Cleavinger was married to Hattie Edwards, 
who was bom July 4, 1858, on the present farm. She is a daughter of 
Benjamin F. and Sarah Jane (Dooley) Edwards, natives of Tennessee and 
Missouri, respectively. Benjamin Edwards settled in Leavenworth County 
in 1855 and his wife came in 1857. 

Ten children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Cleavinger, as follows: 
Bettie, a teacher in the Leavenworth schools ; Asa Benjamin, of Stranger 
Township; Alice, the wife of B. B. Buchanan, who lives near Fairmont, 
Kansas ; Mary C, the wife of B. F. Highfill, who lives near Potter, Kansas ; 
Hattie, a teacher in the home district school ; Joseph Almon, who farms on 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 495 

his father's place; Jane, a teacher in the Leavenworth schools; Albert, 
deceased ; a child who died in infancy ; and Eugene, a student in the Man- 
hattan K. S. A. C. 

Mr. Cleavinger is an independent voter in politics; an elder in the 
Methodist Church; a member of the Farmer's Grange; and a member of 
the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, of the 32d degree, and of the 
Scottish Rite. 



Oscar Jaedicke, a well-known farmer of Kickapoo Township, was born 
on the present farm September 1, 1884, the son of William F. and Eda 
(Pasewark) Jaedicke, who were the parents of two children, Oscar and 
Selma, the wife of Mi'. Baber of Des Moines, Iowa. 

William Jaedicke was born in New York September 29, 1853, and 
came west before the Civil War with his parents, who were natives of 
Hanover, Germany, and settled in Atchison County, Kansas, where they 
died. 

Mr. Jaedicke was reared on a farm, and, after his marriage, about 
thirty-eight years ago, he settled in Leavenworth County, Kansas, in 
Kickapoo Township, where he purchased 160 acres of land, and later 
bought eighty additional acres. This farm is now operated by his son, 
Oscar Jaedicke, the subject of this sketch. Mr. and Mrs. William Jaedicke 
retired from active life in 1911, and are now living in Leavenworth, Kan- 
sas. Mrs. Jaedicke was born in Leavenworth County. 

Oscar Jaedicke has always lived on the present farm. He was gradu- 
ated from the grade schools. In 1911 he rented his father's place. Mr. 
Jaedicke is a fine man, and hard worker, and has a host of friends through- 
out the township. 

January 19, 1911, Mr. Jaedicke was married to Minnie E. Volland, of 
Coffey County, Kansas, the daughter of Christopher and Sarah M. Bart- 
lett Volland, who were natives of Germany and Kansas, respectively. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Volland are dead. Mrs. Jaedicke was educated in the 
Coffey County schools, and, when eighteen years of age, entered the 
Topeka State Hospital for training as a nurse, and was there for one and 
one-half years. In 1905 she entered the Cushing Hospital at Leavenworth, 
and was graduated in 1906, and did private nursing until her marriage. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jaedicke have four children: Lucian Oscar; Mary Lou- 
ise; Francis Harold, and Corinne Ellen. Both of the girls were born 



496 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

on New Year's day, there being six years' difference in their ages. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jaedicke are substantial and well-liked citizens of the 
township. Mr. Jaedicke is an independent in politics. He belongs to the 
Blue Lodge and Shrine in Masonry, to the Modern Woodmen of America, 
the Eastern Star and to the Farmer's Grange. 



John T. Hughey. a prominent farmer and stockman who owns and 
operates 160 acres of land in Eeno Township, was born October 27, 1874, 
in Stranger Township, near Edminster, Kansas. He is the son of George 
H. and Isephine (Hopkins) Hughey. 

George M. Hughey was born in Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania, in 1843 and 
with his father, John Hughey, came to Leavenworth County, Kansas, and 
settled in Sherman Township. For a time George M. Hughey followed 
farming four and one-fourth miles north of Linwood. He farmed in 
various parts of the county. He died at Linwood in 1909. Isephine ( Hop- 
kins) Hughey was born in Douglas County, Kansas, in 1848 and was 
married to George M. Hughey in Leavenworth County. She died at 
Linwood, Kansas. 

Three children were bom to Mr. and Mrs. George Hughey, as follows: 
John T., the subject of this sketch ; Myrtle, wife of T. W. Martin, resides 
at Linwood; and Elsie, wife of Will Nickelson, of Sedgwick, Kansas. 

John T. Hughey attended the district schools of Leavenworth County 
and remained with his father on the farm until he was twenty-one years 
of age. For three years Mr. Hughey rented land in Reno and Sherman 
Townships. In 1902, he purchased 160 acres of land in Dixon County. 
Kansas, and farmed it for six years. Hr. Hughey then came to Tonga- 
noxie Township, Leavenworth County, and purchased 160 acres of land 
and in 1915 purchased his present farm of 160 acres in Reno Township. 
On this farm, Mr. Hughey has made various improvements, building a 
new barn and other buildings. He has a good herd of Holstein cattle, 
starting his herd in 1917. The sire of this herd is "Pledge Waverly." A 
number of the members of this herd came from the Neals herd at Man- 
hattan, Kansas. 

Mr. Hughey was married in Montgomery County, Kansas, December 
26, 1899 to Iva May Bingley. Her mother, Perlina (Foreman) Bingley, 
was born in 1853, in Iowa and was married in 1873. Her parents, Henry 
and Eliza (Masterson) Foreman, were early pioneers of Montgomery and 




JOHN T. HUGHEY AND FAMILY 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 497 

Independence counties, Kansas. They were born in 1813 and were married 
in 1834. They celebrated their diamond wedding anniversary in 1909. 
Thirteen children were born to this union, five of whom are living. 

Eva May (Bingley) Hughey was one of five children born to her 
parents, as follows : Gertrude, Mrs. Will Fruits, Kansas ; Bertha, deceased ; 
Iva May, wife of the subject of this sketch; Charles, Tulsa, Oklahoma; 
and Pearl, Mrs. James Kniffen, Montgomery County, Kansas. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Hughey have been born three children: Marvin, born November 2, 
1900, deceased; Orville, born June 28, 1904 at home; and Harold, born 
March 29, 1906, at home. 

John T. Hughey is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows and is a Republican. 



James Hegarty, a prosperous and substantial farmer of Kickapoo 
Township, was born in Cork, Ireland, April, 1865, the son of John C. and 
Catherine (O'Neill) Hegarty, who were natives of Ireland, and who are 
now deceased. John Hegarty was a farmer, and he and his wife were the 
parents of seven children, four daughters and three sons. 

James Hegarty spent his boyhood days and grew to manhood in Ire- 
land, and, in 1888, came to the United States, and in April, settled in 
Atchison County, Kansas, working as a farm hand by the month for 
Arthur Leacy, earning $200.00 the first year. James Hegarty attrib- 
utes his success to hard work, as he attended school for only three years, 
and he borrowed money with which to come to this country. He worked 
for Mr. Leacy for three years and then rented a farm in Jefferson County, 
Kansas, for three years, and in 1895 bought 280 acres in Kickapoo Town- 
ship, his present farm, which was owned by P. G. Lowe. He later bought 
an additional forty acres from Joe Cleavinger. Mr. Hegarty has made 
extensive improvements on the place. In 1910 he built a thoroughly mod- 
ern veneer house, consisting of two stories, which at that time cost 
$5,500.00, but which would be much more valuable at the present time. He 
has been a general farmer and stock raiser while on this place, and now 
has 125 head of cattle, and 200 acres of his farm is sown in blue grass. 
He also has a fine apple orchard, from which some of the best apples that 
were sold in Leavenworth in 1920 came. 

On December 25, 1895, Mr. Hegarty was married to Martha Hudson, 
who was born near Potter, Kansas. To this union were born four chil- 

(28) 



498 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

dren: Raymond, Bessie and James, all at home; and David of Cushing, 
Oklahoma. David Hegarty, after finishing the Leavenworth High School, 
at Leavenworth, enlisted in the navy, and crossed the ocean twice. He 
was discharged in 1920, but is still in the reserves and is drawing a salary. 
He is but twenty-three years of age, but receives twelve dollars per day 
for his services in the oil fields. 

Mr. Hegarty is a stockholder in the Potter State Bank of Potter, 
Kansas, and also a stockholder in a bank in Salina, Kansas, and a Kansas 
City bank. In politics, Mr. Hegarty is a democrat. He is a member of 
the Catholic Church, and of the Modern Woodmen of America. 



Lawrence Kennedy, an enterprising farmer and stockman of Kick- 
apoo Township, who has lived all of his life on his present farm, was born 
May 11, 1860 on this place, the son of Lawrence and Elizabeth (Dunne) 
Kennedy, a history of whom will be found in the sketch of Matthew Ken- 
nedy, in this volume. Lawrence Kennedy was the fifth child born to his 
parents. He says that he was born in a slab board house. During his 
boyhood days he attended District Number Four School. He bought the 
home place, which consists of 267 acres, from his father sevei'al years 
before the death of the latter. 

Lawrence Kennedy has made extensive improvements on the farm, 
and has been very successful in his agricultural pursuits, due to his energy, 
industry and thrift. He says that he has worked many a day for twenty- 
five cents, plowing corn and breaking up sod, and that he was glad to 
receive that amount. 

In politics Mr. Kennedy is a democrat, and he is a member of the 
Catholic Church. 

September 25, 1889, Mr. Kennedy was married to Katherine Hurley, 
who was born in Kickapoo Township at Eight Mile House. A history of 
this noted house appears in another part of this volume. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kennedy have had eight children, as follows : Lawrence 
V., of Kickapoo Township ; Mabel, the wife of Jack Laird of Leavenworth, 
Kansas; Clarence and Cecelia, who live at home; Floyd, who is in the 
United States navy, enlisting from Kansas City, Missouri, in 1920, and 
who was sent to the Great Lakes Training Station; Edwin and Harold, 
at home; and Jennive, also at home. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 499 

Francis Payeur, a member of a pioneer family of Kickapoo Township, 
was born on the farm where he now lives August 24, 1884, the son of 
Julius and Elizabeth (Kennedy) Payeur. 

Julius Payeur and wife were the parents of four children, as follows : 
Maude, the wife of Ed Ebies, who lives near Tonganoxie in Leavenworth 
County, Kansas; Blanche, the wife of William McNamee, who lives south 
of Leavenworth, Kansas ; Elizabeth, the wife of Benjamin Aaron of Kick- 
apoo Township ; and Francis, the subject of this sketch, who was the sec- 
ond child born to his parents. 

Julius Payeur was born in St. Louis, Missouri, and in early manhood 
settled in Leavenworth County, where he farmed. He died thirty years 
ago. Mrs. Julius Payeur was born in Kickapoo Township and is a daugh- 
ter of Lawrence and Elizabeth (Dunne) Kennedy, a sketch of whom ap- 
pears in this volume. 

Francis Payeur was reared on the farm where he now lives, which 
consists of 100 acres, and which he is now farming. He attended District 
Number Four School when a boy. He is not married but his mother, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Payeur, lives on the farm with him and keeps house. 

Mr. Payeur is a democrat, and a member of the Catholic Church. 



Henry Ode, an enterprising farmer and stockman of Leavenworth 
County, was born January 26, 1857, in Hanover, Germany, the son of 
Frederick Kramer and Elizabeth Ode, a further sketch of whom appears in 
the review of August Ode of this volume. 

Henry Ode was educated in Germany, and also attended school in the 
United States, having come to this country with his parents when he was 
sixteen years of age. After leaving school, he worked as a farm hand, 
receiving for his labor $13.00 per month. In 1879, he began farming for 
himself on rented land in Platte County, Missouri, and farmed there for 
about ten or twelve years, when he then came to Kickapoo Township, 
where he purchased his home place of 140 acres, on which he has made 
nice improvements. He has been a good manager and has met with suc- 
cess in farming and stock raising. He specializes in the breeding of 
Shorthorn cattle. Mr. Ode has taken an active part in the affairs of his 
township. He served on the school board for fifteen years. He is one of 
the men who has helped develop this locality and has many friends. 

March 3, 1880, Mr. Ode was married to Minnie Krueger, who was a 



500 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

native of Hanover, Germany, born July 4, 1858. She died August 2, 1904. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ode were the parents of six children: Elizabeth, who lives 
at home; Marie, of Leavenworth, Kansas; Mollie, Edward, and Alma, all 
at home; and Rose, the wife of Thomas Cahill of Leavenworth County. 

Mr. Ode is a member of the Lutheran Church, and of the Modern 
Woodmen of America Lodge. In politics he is a democrat. 



Joseph P. McEvoy, a prosperous and progressive farmer of Kickapoo 
Township, is a native of Leavenworth County, Kansas. He was born 
December 21, 1870, the son of Patrick and Caroline (Young) McEvoy, who 
were the parents of six children, as follows : Thomas of Kickapoo Town- 
ship ; Anna, the wife of Mr. Huber of Brookfield, Missouri ; Joseph P., the 
subject of this sketch; Isaac J., of Kickapoo Township, who lives on the 
home place; William, deceased; Mary, the wife of Thomas Murray of 
Kickapoo Township. 

Patrick McEvoy was a native of Kildare, Ireland, born in 1833. He 
left there when a boy, coming to the United States, and joined the army 
here, serving in Troop E., of the United States Mounted Rifles. He en- 
listed on the first- day of March, 1852, and re-enlisted February 3, 1861, 
in Company E of the United States Cavalry and was discharged February 
3, 1862. He then worked for the government at Fort Leavenworth, and, 
in 1867, moved to a farm in Kickapoo Township. The mother of Joseph 
McEvoy was born August 3, 1844, in Somerset, England, and came to 
America when about nine years old. She is now living on her farm in 
Kickapoo Township. 

Joseph McEvoy has been a farmer all of his life. In 1900 he bought 
the farm where he now lives, consisting of 160 acres of good land, and 
on which are good improvements. Mr. McEvoy began breeding Shorthorn 
cattle in 1900, and has many well developed progressive opinions along 
this line. Mr. McEvoy is a shareholder in the Farmers Exchange of 
Kickapoo, Kansas. He is a democrat; a member of the Catholic Church, 
and is of the Knights of Columbus and Modern Woodmen of America 
lodges. 

April 26, 1900, Mr. McEvoy was married to Anna K. Mayer who is a 
native of Easton Township. They are the parents of five children: Ed- 
ward, deceased ; Henry, at home ; LeRoy ; Clara and Anna. 

Mrs. McEvoy is a daughter of Jacob and Anna K. Mayer, natives of 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 501 

Germany, but who settled in Leavenworth County, Kansas, in pioneer 
days. Jacob Mayer is deceased, and his wife lives in Easton Township. 
They were the parents of eight children, Mrs. McEvoy being their third 
child. 



Patrick McEvoy was a prominent farmer and pioneer of Leavenworth 
County. He was born March 17, 1833, in County Kildare, Ireland, and 
died January 9, 1904, He left his native land when a young man after 
his war record. He moved to a farm in this township in early days, and 
bought forty acres of land. He had a land grant for 160 acres, but gave 
this grant to William Finley, who built a house on the land. 

Patrick McEvoy and wife reared a family of six children. His wife 
was Caroline Young, who was born August 3, 1844, and now lives with her 
son Isaac J. McEvoy. Mr. and Mrs. Patrick McEvoy were married July 
31, 1864, and lived an industrious and useful life, meeting with well mer- 
ited success. 

Isaac J. McEvoy was reared on his present farm, and attended the dis- 
trict schools when a boy. He worked first in Nebraska for the Missouri 
Pacific Railroad for thirteen years as a bridge builder, and, in 1907, he 
rented the old home place and engaged in farming. He was married 
November 20, 1907, to Mayme Kennedy, who was born in Kickapoo Town- 
ship, a daughter of Matt and Emma Herley Kennedy, both natives of 
Kickapoo Township, the latter being deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Isaac McEvoy have had four children, as follows: 
Charles M., who was born May 5, 1910; Irene C, who was born June 11, 
1912; Vincent I., who was born March 25, 1916; and Helen M., who was 
born December 6, 1920. 

The McEvoys are well respected citizens of Kickapoo Township and 
have many friends. 



Giles H. Thornburgh, a member of a well-known and prominent fam- 
ily of Easton Township, was born June 23, 1868, on the farm where he 
now lives. He is the son of Pleasant and Susan (Henderson) Thornburgh. 
Pleasant Thornburgh was born in New Market, Tennessee, April 20, 1830, 
and came to Leavenworth County, Kansas in 1854, being one of the first 
settlers of Easton Township. He settled on Stranger Creek, which land 



502 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

around and on his place was thick with timber. A station, which was 
established about 1915 on the Santa Fe Railroad was named for the Thorn- 
burgh estate. Mr. Thornburgh did general farming and was also town- 
ship trustee of Easton Township. Mrs. Susan Thornburgh was born in 
Platte County, Missouri, July 15, 1840, and died July 30, 1917, her hus- 
band having died January 16, 1879. Both Mr. and Mrs. Thornburgh are 
buried in Round Prairie Cemetery. They were members of the Christian 
Church. 

Mi*, and Mrs. Pleasant Thornburgh were the parents of five children, 
as follows : William, who is deceased ; Sarah, the wife of Robert Mitchell, 
of Potter, Kansas ; Emma, the wife of Levi Turner, of Prague, Oklahoma ; 
Giles H., the subject of this sketch; and Jefferson, of Nortonville, Kansas. 

Giles H. Thornburgh was reared on the farm where he lives at pres- 
ent, and has always made this his home. He bought the place in 1917 
and has made many improvements. The farm consists of 240 acres of 
good land, which he rents. 

Mr. Thornburgh is a representative citizen of his community. In 
politics he is an independent voter and is a member of the Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons Lodge. He is not married. 



T. F. Hall, a practical and enterprising farmer of Easton Township, 
was born June 27, 1879, in Sullivan County, Tennessee, the son of James 
F. and Nancy (Sturn) Hall, the eighth of nine children; his father was 
born in Tennessee and came to Leavenworth County in 1881, locating on 
his present farm, which he farmed until his death December 26, 1899, at 
the age of sixty-three years. His wife was born in Tennessee and died in 
1902 at the age of sixty-four years. Both were members of the Methodist 
Church and are buried at Round Prairie Cemetery. 

T. F. Hall was educated in the District Number Sixty School and 
Horton High School, and later attended the Chillicothe Normal. After 
finishing his education, he taught school very successfully for one year, 
and then engaged in farming. He and his brother Richard D. Hall bought 
his present farm in 1905, and in 1920, T. F. Hall bought his brother's 
share. He has made extensive improvements on the place, and is mak- 
ing a marked success of farming and stock raising. He is a member of 
the Christian Church, and the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons Lodge 
of Kickapoo No. 4 at Potter, Kansas. Mr. Hall ranks as one of the pro- 
gressive, substantial citizens of his community. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 503 

Mr. Hall was married June 21, 1905, to Carrie M. Mitchell, who was 
born in Easton Township, the daughter of R. F. and Sarah (Thornburgh) 
Mitchell, early settlers of the county. Mr. and Mrs. Hall have three chil- 
dren, all living at home : Elliott, Francis and Howard. 



Michael Begley, deceased, was a substantial farmer and citizen of 
Easton Township for many years. He was born August, 1851, in Ireland, 
and, when a young man, came to the United States, and settled in Easton 
Township, where he farmed eighty acres of land. His brother, Peter Beg- 
ley, owned eighty acres adjoining, and they farmed together. Michael 
Begley also worked on the plains for a few years. He was a dependable 
and honest man, and has many friends who remember him well. He died 
in Leavenworth County, in 1896. 

May 19, 1885, Mr. Begley married Rosa McCoy, who was also a native 
of Ireland, born January 7, 1862, in Armaugh County, and left her native 
land in 1883, coming to the United States and settling with her parents 
in Atchison, Kansas. She and three of her sons conduct the home farm, 
which they own. 

Mr. and Mrs. Begley were the parents of four sons : James, M. Leo 
and Michael, at home with their mother; and John, of Valley Junction, 
Iowa. The Begley family are all devout members of the Catholic Church. 

M. Leo Begley served in the late World War in the 353d Infantry of 
the 89th Division, and was in France for two years and was gassed while 
in battle. He was inducted into service September 3, 1917, and was dis- 
charged in 1920, when he came home and began farming. 

Mrs. Begley and her sons are enterprising farmers and continue 
farming along the progressive lines that were followed by Mr. Begley 
during his lifetime. They are meeting the same success that followed 
Mr. Begley in his work. 



Clarence W. Corson, a leading farmer and stock breeder of Easton 
Township, was born on his present farm August 8, 1884, the son of W. B. 
and Mary J. (Shipp) Corson, who were the parents of five children: Oscar 
J. and Jennie, both deceased ; Josehine, a widow, and Sallie A., both living 
on the home place; and Clarence W., the subject of this sketch, who was 
the youngest child. 



504 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

W. B. Corson was born at Staten Island, New York, February 17, 1827, 
and died March 10, 1900. He was a blacksmith, and traveled quite exten- 
sively. In 1849, he went to California, and then went to Australia and 
England. In 1860, he bought 160 acres of his present farm, and paid 
$2,000.00 for same. He later added more land. He specialized in the 
breeding of jacks and jennies, commencing this line of work in 1882, and 
continued in it until his death. He was a democrat, and member of the 
Christian Church. He was married June 12, 1860; his wife was born in 
Platte County, Missouri, March 29, 1842. She came with her parents, 
Mr. and Mrs. Shipp, in 1854 and settled in Leavenworth County. 

Clarence Corson has always lived on his present farm, which now 
comprises 550 acres of well improved land, and which is owned by him, 
his mother and his two sisters. He was educated in District Number 
Sixty School, this school being on his parent's farm. Clarence Corson 
began breeding jacks with his father, and has been engaged in this busi- 
ness since. He usually has six to twelve head on the place. He and his 
brother Oscar J. were breeders together until the death of the latter. 
Clarence Corson is unmarried. He is a wide-awake young farmer, depend- 
able and progressive, and is well known throughout the township and 
county. 



Dennis O'Dea, a pioneer farmer and stockman of Reno Township, who, 
for over fifty years has been a resident of Kansas, is a native of County 
Limrick, Ireland. He is the son of Dennis and Catherine (Hogan) O'Dea, 
natives of Ireland, where they were tillers of the soil. They spent their 
lives in their native land. Nine children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Dennis 
O'Dea, Sr., as follows : Patrick, James and John, all deceased ; Dennis, the 
subject of this sketch; Bridget, deceased; Ellen, deceased; Matthew, in 
Stevens, Kansas; and Thomas, deceased. John and Thomas O'Dea were 
Civil War veterans. 

Dennis O'Dea was born January 12, 1837 and received his education 
in his native land. In 1849, in company with his sister, Bridget, he came 
to the United States. Dennis O'Dea located in New York State for four 
years, where he was employed as a farm laborer; then in Ohio for one 
year and in Illinois eight years. In 1867, Mr. O'Dea came to Leavenworth 
County, Kansas, and purchased 160 acres of virgin land. On this he built 
a one room log cabin. He was married to Johanna O'Connell, March 3, 





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HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 505 

1862 in Illinois. In 1883, Dennis O'Dea built a nine room house which is 
still the family residence. 

In the early days Mr. O'Dea hauled wood to Lawrence, Kansas, and 
brought his family supplies from there. He has added to his original 160 
acres of land from time to time and now owns 550 acres of well improved 
and productive land. Mr. O'Dea has specialized in feeding and shipping 
cattle, while he has carried on general farming. 

Dennis and Johanna (O'Connell) O'Dea are the parents of three chil- 
dren, as follows: Ella, born April 12, 1863 in Illinois, at home with her 
parents ; Nettie, born September 19, 1867, at home with her parents ; and 
Charles, born December 24, 1871, died in 1891. 

Mr. and Mrs. O'Dea are members of the Catholic Church and he is 
independent in his political views. The O'Dea family stands high in the 
esteem of the people of the county. In 1912 Mr. and Mrs. O'Dea celebrated 
their golden wedding and Mrs. O'Dea died June 5, 1914. 



George William Roe, well known County Commissioner of Leaven- 
worth County, and prosperous farmer of Easton Township, was born Sep- 
tember 3, 1858, in the western part of Leavenworth, Kansas, the only 
child of John and Julia (Hickey) Roe, pioneers of Kansas. 

John Roe was born in Manchester, England, but located in Kansas 
when a young man. He was a soldier during the Civil War, belonging to 
the first Kansas Volunteer Infantry, and was killed at Wilson Creek. His 
wife was born in County Carlow, Ireland. Since Mr. Roe's death, she was 
married the second time to Patrick Clavin, a farmer of Leavenworth 
County, Kansas. No children were born of her second marriage. 

George William Roe was fifteen years of age when his mother and 
step-father moved to the farm, where he has since remained. He became 
heir to 200 acres of land, and later bought 160 acres, on which he has 
made extensive improvements, changing log cabins and shanties to mod- 
ern buildings. Mr. Roe is a republican, and, in 1914 was elected county 
commissioner, and has held this office ever since, having no opposition, 
the second time he ran. He was also a trustee of Easton Township in 1900, 
and handles civic affairs with the same good judgment with which he man- 
ages his farm and private affairs. He is a member of the Catholic Church ; 
Modern Woodmen of America and Knights of Columbus lodges. 

Mr. Roe was married May 5, 1886, to Mary E. Gallegher, a native of 



506 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Leavenworth County, Kansas, and daughter of John and Ann (Clavin) 
Gallegher, who came from Ireland before the Civil War and settled in the 
United States. 

Mr. and Mrs. Roe have had eleven children, as follows: Anna, the 
wife of Benjamin Banks of Kickapoo Township; Elizabeth, who lives at 
home; George W., Jr., Mary S., Henry, Julia, Leo, Catherine, Emma and 
Frank, all at home ; and John P., who served in the World War. He was 
drafted in 1917 and went into training at Camp Funston with Division 89, 
353d Infantry, Company C, March 15, 1918, he was assigned to the 3d 
Division, 30th Infantry at Camp Merritt, New Jersey, and was a sharp 
shooter. He was wounded at Chateau Thierry on the 18th of July, 1918, 
and lost a limb by a shrapnel. He was discharged February 19, 1919, 
from Walter Reed Hospital at Washington, D. C. 



Fred W. Lohmann, a practical and energetic farmer of Easton Town- 
ship, was born in this township February 13, 1870, the son of August and 
Phoebe Gropengiesger Lohmann, the third oldest of nine children, all of 
whom are living ; his father was born in Germany and came to the United 
States after the Civil War and settled on Stranger Creek on the Worden 
place in Easton Township. He later bought a farm, and, at one time, 
owned 400 acres of land. He died in 1915 at the age of sixty-nine, and his' 
wife, who was also a native of Germany, is now living with her son John, 
the oldest child. She is seventy-two years of age. Mr. and Mrs. August 
Lohmann assisted in organizing the Lutheran Church, in which church 
they held membership. 

Fred W. Lohmann has always been on a farm, and during his boy- 
hood days he attended school in District Number Six. When about twenty- 
four years old he began working for himself, and he and his brother John 
Lohmann bought eighty acres of land and fanned together for five or six 
years. Fred Lohmann now owns 130 acres of land about six miles from 
Easton. This place was formerly owned by William Minert, who improved 
it. Ten acres near Potter, Kansas, is in timber. Mr. Lohmann has always 
been an industrious man and thoroughly merits the success which he has 
met in life. He is a democrat in politics and a member of the Lutheran 
Church. 

Mr. Lohmann was married April 27, 1904, to Mary Schott, who was 
born April 27, 1877, in Leavenworth, Kansas, the daughter of Conrad and 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 507 

Katherine Schott, natives of Germany. Her father was a farmer and 
came to Leavenworth County prior to the Civil War. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lohmann have two children : Helen M., born September 
13, 1906, and Marie C, born April 26, 1909. 



Fred Krueger, a well-known retired farmer of Kickapoo Township, 
was born December 23, 1854, in West Prussia, Germany, the son of Fred 
and Christena (Krueger) Krueger, the second oldest of five children. His 
parents died in Germany. 

Fred Krueger was reared in Germany and served in the army there 
for two years. When twenty-two years old, he came to Leavenworth 
County, Kansas, and worked as a farm hand near Tonganoxie, Kansas, for 
$10.00 per month. Six months later he went to Leavenworth and worked 
in a sash and door factory for Munson and Burrows, for one and one-half 
years. He then worked in a coal mine, at Leavenworth shaft for a year 
and a half and then in a furniture factory for Dilwood and Lysle at Leav- 
enworth for two and one-half years, later going into carpenter work, in 
which work he was engaged until 1886. He sold his property in town at 
that time and bought a forty-acre farm near Mt. Olivet in Kickapoo Town- 
ship, which he improved and where he made his home for twenty years. 
He sold out and bought the Fred Thees farm of 165 acres, upon which he 
made many improvements and where he lived for thirteen years, when 
he sold the place. Mr. Krueger has been an industrious man, thrifty and 
dependable and has met with well merited success. 

October 18, 1879, Mr. Krueger was married to Wilhelmina Orlowski 
who is now dead." They were the parents of nine children, as follows: 
Mary, the wife of Otto Tretting of Kickapoo Township; Fred of Fort 
Leavenworth Barracks, who is an engineer at the prison ; Minnie, of Leav- 
enworth, Kansas; Lottie, deceased; Henry, a farmer of Kickapoo Town- 
ship; Otto, on the home place; Ferdinand and Johanna, of Leavenworth; 
and William, deceased. Mr. Krueger lives with his son Henry. 

Ferdinand Krueger was in France during the World War, with the 
88th Division, doing service as a gunner. He was drafted in May, 1918, 
and after short training at Camp Funston went to Camp Dodge, Iowa, 
and from there was sent overseas. He is now a draftsman in Kansas City, 
Missouri, but lives in Leavenworth, Kansas. 



508 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

I. W. Robinson, a progressive farmer of Easton Township, and mem- 
ber of a pioneer family of this section, was bom on his present farm 
September 10, 1862, the son of Jonathan J. and Susan (Mott) Robinson, 
and the youngest of five children, all of whom are dead, except I. W. 
Robinson and Charles A. Robinson, of Denver, Colorado. 

Jonathan J. Robinson was born in 1806 in Vermont. He was married 
twice, the first time to Miss Kieth of Indiana. They were the parents of 
six children, all deceased. His second wife was also a native of Indiana. 
Jonathan J. Robinson was a farmer and came to Leavenworth, Kansas in 
1856, and homesteaded a farm, on which he built a log cabin. When he 
came to this county there was a printing press setting under a tree at 
Leavenworth. Jonathan Robinson used oxen to break and cultivate his 
ground. He made long trips to market with his produce. He died in 1868 
at the age of sixty-two years, and his wife died in 1896 when seventy-two 
years old. 

I. W. Robinson was reared on his present farm, and was educated in 
District Number Eleven School. He bought this farm after the death of 
his mother, and has made necessary improvements on the place. He is a 
breeder of sheep, and is also interested in advanced agriculture from every 
standpoint, having some very good ideas on the subject of farming and 
breeding. 

Mr. Robinson was married February 23, 1899, to Louise Krohne, who 
was born in Platte County, Missouri, and came to Leavenworth County, 
Kansas, when ten years of age, with her parents, William Krohne and wife. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robinson are the parents of five children: Albert, of 
Easton Township ; Mott, now attending the Kansas State Agriculture Col- 
lege at Manhattan, Kansas ; Susie, a high school student at Easton, Kan- 
sas ; Harry, at home, and Charlotte, who died when one year old. 

Mr. Robinson is a republican, of which party he is a staunch supporter, 
taking an active interest in political affairs. He is a member of the An- 
cient Free and Accepted Masons. 



John G. Heim, a pioneer of this section, who has made a success in 
farming by hard work and good management, was born in Wertumberg, 
Germany, August 3, 1845, the son of John and Elizabeth (Schafer) Heim, 
the third of six children; John Heim's father was a blacksmith in Ger- 
many, and also engaged in farming. He and his wife were born, reared 
and died in Germany. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 509 

John G. Heim received his education in his native land and grew to 
manhood there, serving awhile in the German army. In 1868, he came to 
the United States and first settled in Columbia County, Ohio, where he 
worked as a farm hand until January, 1873, when he came to Leavenworth 
County, Kansas, and bought his present farm. This place was in brush 
at that time, but Mr. Heim has made extensive improvements, and now 
has a modern, up-to-date farm. At that time, razor back hogs were in 
prominence in this section, and the farmers drove their hogs to St. Joseph 
to the market, but Mr. Heim says that the hogs of today could not walk 
four miles without dying. He also says that the railroads have done 
more for the country towards modernizing the farms than the people have 
done. Mr. Heim now owns 229 acres of valuable land. He owes his suc- 
cess to his hard work. He is one of the pioneers who has seen the crude 
implements used by the early farmers replaced by modern machinery, such 
as tractors, etc. 

Mr. Heim is an independent voter in politics and is a member of the 
Lutheran Church. Mr. Heim helped organize St. John's Lutheran Church 
and donated the site of one acre for the building which is located on the 
north eighty acres of Mr. Heim's farm. 

January 22, 1880, Mr. Heim was married to Mary C. Meinert who was 
born in Germany November, 1859, and died March 11, 1893. To this union 
seven children were born: Henry, who was accidentally knocked off of a 
horse and died from wounds received; Adolph, who is at home; Fred, of 
Easton Township; Mary, the wife of Fred Nieman, of Atchison County, 
Kansas; John C, at home; Anna, the wife of Otto Gaupp, of Keenesburg, 
Colorado ; and Gustave, deceased. 



R. W. Stafford, one of the most prominent citizens of Easton, Kansas, 
is cashier of the Easton State Bank and also editor and publisher of the 
"Transcript". He was born April 7, 1878, at Franklin, Nebraska, the son 
of J. C. and Rachel (Murray) Stafford, who were the parents of five chil- 
dren, R. W. Stafford being the oldest. The other children are : Grace, the 
wife of R. Phillips, who lives on a farm near Easton, Kansas; Maiy, the 
wife of Fred Miller, who is employed on the railway, and who lives in 
Easton, Kansas; John E., the postmaster of Easton, Kansas; and a child, 
who died in infancy. 

J. C. Stafford was born near Nashville, Tennessee, February 24, 1837. 



510 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

In 1842, his parents came to Weston in Platte County, Missouri, later, in 
1845, moving to Clarinda, Iowa. J. C. Stafford remained there with his 
parents until about the year 1877, when he went to Franklin, Nebraska, 
where he had a contract to build a part of the B. & M. Railroad, known as 
the Burlington and Missouri. In 1887, he came to Leavenworth, Kansas, 
and helped build one mile of the A. T. and S. F. Railroad, where the siding 
of Thornburgh now is in Easton Township. After this, he engaged in 
farming in Easton Township, but sold his farm in 1916 and moved to 
Easton, where he and his wife are living a retired life. Mrs. J. C. Stafford 
was born March 17, 1831, in Tennessee. She and her husband are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Church. 

R. W. Stafford received his education in the Easton schools and the 
Stanberry Normal school at Stanberry, Missouri. After finishing his edu- 
cation, he engaged in teaching, and in 1899 became principal of the Easton 
High School at Easton, Kansas, and remained there in this capacity until 
1905, when he became manager of the Lambert Lumber Company of 
Easton, which position he held until 1921. He then accepted the position 
of cashier of the Easton State Bank, which position he is well qualified to 
fill. His versatility is shown by the different lines of work in which he 
has been engaged, not the least of which is the newspaper which he pub- 
lishes. He bought the newspaper and printing plant in 1915 from 0. M. 
Osborn, and Mr. Stafford has been editor and publisher since that time. 
This paper was founded in 1908 by Mr. Stafford and Mr. 0. J. Potter, 
president of the State Savings Bank of Leavenworth, Kansas. The paper 
was conducted by different individuals until Mr. Stafford took charge in 
1915. It is a flourishing paper with a good circulation. 

Mr. Stafford votes the democratic ticket. For sixteen years he was 
on the school board. He is very altruistic and his attitude toward his 
town and community is a commendable one. He helped build the high 
school here and also founded the Barnes High School, now a consolidated 
rural high school of Easton, Kansas. Mr. Stafford is a member of the 
Methodist Church and superintendent of the Sunday School. He is a 
member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons and the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows Lodges, and is always ready and willing to lend his 
assistance in any worthy venture. 

Mr. Stafford was married to Clara Meyer, November 4, 1898. She 
was born near Cedar Rapids, Iowa, a daughter of Henry and Dorris Meyer, 
who are now living on a farm in Easton Township. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 511 

Mr. and Mrs. Stafford have had four children: Goldia, a teacher in 
the Easton schools; William B., manager of the Lambert Lumber Com- 
pany of Easton, Kansas; Thelma and Robert W., Jr., both of whom are at 
home with their parents. The Stafford family are among the best citizens 
of the county and have many friends. 



The Easton State Bank, one of the dependable and flourishing institu- 
tions of Easton, Kansas, was organized August 18, 1902, with a capital 
stock of $5,000.00, with the following officers: W. T. Hines, president; 
Dr. W. A. Adams, vice-president; F. M. Seward, cashier. The organizers 
were: S. Hulett, J. M. Corey, J. W. Hennessey, R. Mayer, Henry Holt- 
meyer, Sam Watson, G. W. Sanders, J. F. Neiman and W. T. Hines. 

The first bank building was a frame structure, which burned in 1903, 
and another frame building was erected, which was moved in 1912 and 
the present building was built on the same site. This building is made 
of concrete and, with fixtures, cost $4,200.00. 

In 1907, the capital stock of this bank was increased to $10,000 and 
increased again in 1919 to $30,000.00. 

In 1904, E. A. Sabrin who was cashier, was succeeded by O. J. Potter, 
who was succeeded in 1920 by Neal T. Boyd, and, in 1921, R. W. Stafford 
succeeded Mr. Boyd. The present officers are : R. Mayer, president ; W. T. 
Hines, vice-president ; and R. W. Stafford, cashier, and Miss Haley Potter, 
assistant cashier. The directors are: R. Mayer, W. T. Hines, S. Watson, 
P. W. Siven, Henry Holtmeyer, C. W. Corson, Tony Brose, T. J. Hennessey 
and O. J. Potter. 

This bank is controlled by farmers of Jefferson, Atchison and Leaven- 
worth counties and is one of the thriving institutions of Leavenworth 
County and the State of Kansas. 



Christian Sass, a prosperous farmer of Easton' Township, was born 
January 22, 1873, in Holstein, Germany, the son of Christian and Kather- 
ine (Weber) Sass, both natives of Germany, and the parents of three 
children, of whom Christian Sass is the youngest. Christian Sass, Sr., was 
a miller. He and his wife were reared in Germany and lived and died there. 

Christian Sass received his education in the schools in Germany and, 
in 1889, came to Leavenworth County, Kansas, where he worked on a 



512 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

farm by the month, later renting a farm. In 1901 he bought a farm of 
ninety acres in Easton Township, which he afterward sold and bought 
seventy acres in the same- township, two years later adding 160 acres, 
which is his present home place. He has made necessary improvements 
for general farming and for raising Duroc Jersey hogs and Red Polled 
cattle, and has been successful in both lines. 

October 7, 1897, Mr. Sass was married to Martha A. Heidrich, a 
native of Leavenworth County, the daughter of Frederick and Anna 
(Dietmann) Heidrick, who came from Germany to Leavenworth County 
in 1871. They were the parents of eleven children. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Heidrick are deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sass are the parents of eleven children: Katherine A., 
deceased; Adolph C, of Easton Township; John F., who lives at home; 
Christene M., who is housekeeper for her brother Adolph; Rosa M., at 
home; William H., Edward J., Carl H., Ernest A., Harold L. and Elmer A. 

Mr. Sass is a member of the Lutheran Church, of the Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows Lodges 
and, in politics, he is a Democrat. Mr. Sass is a substantial citizen. 



Calvin Wiilard Loomis, deceased, was an extensive farmer and land 
owner and during the course of his career was prominently identified with 
the growth and progress of this county. He was a native of New Yoi'k 
and was born near Syracuse, March 30, 1866. When three years old his 
parents left New York State and settled on a farm near Marshall, Michi- 
gan. For eleven years they remained there and Calvin Loomis attended 
the district schools. In 1881 they came to Leavenworth County, Kansas, 
where they again took up farming. 

Calvin Wiilard Loomis, in the spring of 1889, purchased what is now 
known as the "Sam Ward farm," near Edminster, Kansas, and he owned 
and operated this farm until 1901, when he sold it and pm-chased 1,000 
acres nearby. He was a breeder of Holstein cattle and had a large dairy 
farm, which was known far and near. Mr. Loomis was beloved by all 
who knew him, as he was kindly dispositioned to strangers as well as 
friends, and lived an honest upright life. He was always ready to give 
to the needy and many poor people were recipients of his bounty. Mr. 
Loomis's death was caused by being accidentally crushed between the 
doorway of his barn and one of his animals, on February 6, 1913. 



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HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 513 

In April, 1895, Calvin Willard Loomis and Mary Huston were united 
in marriage. Mary Huston Loomis is the daughter of Patrick and Mary 
Jane Huston, the former deceased and the latter living at Tonganoxie, 
with whom Mrs. Mary Loomis makes her home. Patrick Huston was a 
native of Ireland and upon his arrival in the United States settled at 
Parkville, Missouri, where he was married to Mary Jane Williams, in 1863. 
After their marriage they came to Leavenworth County, Kansas, and 
purchased 120 acres in Stranger Township, where Mr. Huston labored and 
reared his family. He spent the remainder of his life on this farm. 

Mrs. Mary Jane Huston was born in Dublin, Ireland, October 22, 1837, 
the daughter of John and Julia (Reynolds) Williams. John Williams and 
his family left Ireland about 1840 and were among the early pioneer 
settlers of Chicago, Illinois and Parkville, Missouri. For many years, John 
Williams worked at his trade of stone mason. He helped in the construc- 
tion of some of the largest and finest buildings in Parkville, Missouri and 
vicinity. John and Julia (Reynolds) Williams died at Parkville, Missouri. 
They were the parents of the following children : Thomas, with Mrs. Mary 
Jane Huston ; Edward, deceased ; Mary Jane Huston ; John, deceased ; and 
Julia, deceased. 

Patrick and Mary Jane Huston were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Mary, married Calvin Willard Loomis, of this sketch ; Edward, lives 
in Oklahoma; Julia, Mrs. Joe Klamet, of Leavenworth County; Henry, 
deceased; Ella, died in infancy; James, Tonganoxie, Kansas; and Thomas, 
lives in Kansas. 

Mrs. Mary Jane Huston moved to Tonganoxie in 1911 and has pur- 
chased one of the nicest residences in this city. She has grown up with 
the country and is an old pioneer of this county. 

Mrs. Mary Loomis, widow of Calvin Loomis, after the death of her 
husband, disposed of 1000 acres of his land and purchased a farm of 147 
acres, near her former home. The Union Pacific station, on Big Stranger, 
is located on her land. Mrs. Loomis also owns real estate at Kansas City, 
purchased by her husband. In 1915, Mrs. Loomis came to live with her 
mother and brother. 

Calvin Willard Loomis was a well known figure in Leavenworth 
County and endeared himself to many friends, having spent the greater 
share of his life in the county and was active in all of its agricultural 
activities. 

(29) 



514 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

George Porter, a successful self-made farmer and stockman of Easton 
Township, was born in Switzerland County, Indiana, September 25, 1858, 
the son of A. C. and Charlotte (Grobengeiser) Porter, who were the par- 
ents of seven children, George Porter being the oldest; A. C. Porter was 
born in Kentucky and came to Leavenworth County from Indiana in 1868 
and located in Easton Township. He later bought a farm here. He died 
December 1, 1911, at the age of seventy-four years, having been found 
dead in the yard, his death due to heart trouble. Mr. A. C. Porter was 
married twice, the second wife being a widow of William Wells, and two* 
children were the result of this union. His first wife was a native of Ger- 
many, which country she left when seven years old, settling in Indiana 
with her parents. She died in 1875 in Leavenworth County. 

George Porter was ten years of age when his parents came to Kansas. 
He attended the district schools of this county, and has lived here con- 
tinuously since he came. He bought his present farm in 1901, has made 
many improvements on it. Previous to the purchase of this farm he 
worked as a farm hand for Al Pemberton for seven years, and twelve 
years for Thomas Stewart, receiving from twelve to nineteen dollars per 
month for his work. 

Mr. Porter has been an industrious man and has been successful 
through his own efforts. He does general farming and stock raising. In 
politics, Mr. Porter is a democrat. He is a member of the Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons Lodge. He is a shareholder in the Easton State 
Bank at Easton, Kansas. 

February 19, 1914, Mr. Porter was married to Hattie Gortney, who 
was born in Easton Township, Leavenworth County, Kansas, and is a 
daughter of Steven and Lavinia Robinson. By a former marriage to 
J. T. Gortney, Mrs. Porter had five children, three girls and two boys, all 
of whom are married, except James who lives with his mother. 



John F. Nieman, a scientific and prosperous farmer, is a native of 
Easton Township, born June 21, 1871, and is the son of Martin and Eliza- 
beth (Schott) Nieman. His father and mother were the parents of four 
children, as follows: Henry, of Potter, Kansas; Emma, the wife of H. 
Bente, of Leavenworth, Kansas; John F., the subject of this sketch; and 
August, who lives on the home place. 

Mr. and Mrs. Martin Nieman are natives of Germany. Mr. Nieman 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 515 

came to the United States in 1857 and worked for four years as a farm 
hand in Indiana, and during the Civil War enlisted in that state in the 
Seventh Volunteer Infantry of Company C, and served throughout the 
war. In 1867 he came to Leavenworth, Kansas and located on rented land, 
and in 1870 bought the farm where he now lives. He is eighty years of 
age. He was married twice, his first wife dying soon after their marriage. 
His second wife left Germany during the Civil War, and came to Leaven- 
worth, Kansas. Martin Nieman was one of the organizers of the Lutheran 
Church. 

John F. Nieman was' educated in District Number Six School. He has 
been a farmer all of his life, beginning work for himself in 1898 on the 
farm where he still lives. He is up-to-date in his methods, using modern 
machinery and taking advantage of new ideas. He has recently started 
the breeding of pure blood Duroc Jersey hogs for market and in this work 
also he has been very successful. 

February 16, 1898, Mr. Nieman was married to Lena Schwettman, 
a native of Illinois. They are the parents of six children, all of whom live 
at home: Dora, Clara, Fred, Hilda, Bertha and Elmer. 

Mr. Nieman was an organizer and director of the Eastern State Bank. 
He later sold his stock and then helped organize the Farmers State Bank 
of Potter, Kansas. Mr. Nieman is republican in his politics and is a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church. He and his family are highly respected 
citizens of the township. 



William F. A. Ehart, a well known farmer and stockman of Easton 
Township, was born in Providence Hesse at Kassel, Germany, July 16, 
1875, the son of Henry and Martha (Wring) Ehart, the oldest of five 
children. Henry Ehart was married four times. He was a farmer and 
came to the United States in 1884, settling on a farm in Leavenworth 
County, near Potter, Kansas, and ten years later moved near Easton, 
Kansas, where he and his wife died, the former in 1915 at the age of 
seventy-four years, and the latter at the age of seventy-one years, in 
1917. Both were members of the Lutheran Church. 

William F. A. Ehart was nine years old when his parents came to 
the United States. He attended the district schools when a boy, and 
after growing to manhood worked as a farm hand for a few years and 
in 1898 he rented land for two years, and then bought three or four 



516 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

different farms, improving them. He bought his present farm in 1911, 
which consists of 146 acres of good land. Mr. Ehart does general 
farming and stock raising and is a thrifty, industrious farmer, making 
a success in agricultural pursuits. In politics Mr. Ehart is a Republican. 
He is a member of the Christian Church. 

December 29, 1897, Mr. Ehart was married to Rebecca J. Penning- 
ton, who was born in Easton Township October 10, 1876, the daughter 
of James and Elizabeth (Snody) Pennington, natives of Missouri, but 
who are now living at Potter, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ehart have had eight children: James H., who died in 
infancy; Katie E., a teacher who lives at home, and a graduate of the 
Easton High School; Anna, who lives at home; Lucy May, Myrtle, Fred 
A., Emma and Helen J., all at home with their parents. 



H. T. Biehler, a progressive farmer and native of Easton Township, 
was born on his present farm December 22, 1870, the son of Max and 
Rosa (Gilgore) Biehler, both natives of Baden, Germany. H. J. Biehler 
and a sister, Miss Lena Biehler, are the only two living of eight children. 

Max Biehler was born May 9, 1826, and died January 31, 1907. He 
came to the United States in 1849 and settled in Buffalo, New York, 
where he stayed for six months, going from there to Ohio. He lived 
in Ohio three years and then went to Weston, Missouri, eventually locat- 
ing in Easton Township, Leavenworth County, Kansas, in 1860, where 
he lived with his family until his death. For eight years he was road 
overseer of Easton Township. During the Civil War he served for six- 
teen days in the State Militia. His wife was born in 1828 and died Au- 
gust, 1906. Both she and her husband were members of the Catholic 
Church, and they are buried at Oak Hill Cemetery. 

H. T. Biehler grew to manhood on his present fann, and has lived 
here all of his life with the exception of four years. When a boy he at- 
tended District Number Eleven School. He has been engaged in farming 
ever since finishing his education, and at the time of the death of his 
parents owned forty-two acres of land. He became heir to sixty acres, and 
later purchased the other heirs' shares in the estate, and he now owns 
244Vs acres of well improved land. He does general farming and raises 
high grade stock, and is one of the most substantial farmers of this 
community. In 1911 Mr. Biehler built a round barn on his place, which 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 517 

is one of the best modern barns in the county, and is the only one of this 
kind in this section. 

Mr. Biehler takes an active interest in the affairs of Leavenworth 
County and has many friends. 

November 18, 1900, Mr. Biehler was married to Anna Brose, who is 
a native of Alexandria Township, Leavenworth County, Kansas, the daugh- 
ter of John and Julia Brose, a sketch of whom appears in this history. 
Mr. and Mrs. Biehler have had four children: One who died in infancy; 
Elmer J., Leo V., and Marcella M., all at home with their parents. 

Mr. Biehler is a shareholder in the Easton Bank of Easton, Kansas. 
He is a Republican but is independent in his voting. He is a member of 
the Catholic Church and of the Knights of Columbus Lodge. He takes an 
active interest in all community affairs and has many friends over the 
county. 



A. A. Bowen, the progressive and successful president of the State 
Bank of Linwood, Kansas, is one of Linwood's most enterprising mer- 
chants and business men. He is a native of White County, Georgia, where 
he was born May 8, 1856, the son of Isaac and Mary (Cantrell) Bowen, 
natives of Georgia. Isaac Bowen is the son of Thomas and Miss Hunt 
Bowen, natives of Georgia, where they were engaged in farming and 
spent their lives. 

Isaac Bowen was reared in his native state and was married to Mary 
Cantrell, a native of the same state. In 1865 they came to Missouri and 
in the spring of 1871 they established their home in Reno Township, 
Leavenworth County. They farmed land in this township for many years 
and were citizens of the county for nearly fifty years. In 1913 Isaac 
Bowen died at the age of ninety-four years and his wife preceded him in 
death a few years at the age of eighty-two years. 

A. A. Bowen was the sixth child of the ten children born to his par- 
ents. When he was nine years of age he came with is parents to Missouri 
and later to Reno Townsip, where he has ever since made his home. Mr. 
Bowen received his education in the district schools and remained at home 
with his parents until he was twenty-three years of age. He then farmed 
rented land until he purchased the land which is the present town site of 
Linwood, Kansas. The bank and lumber yard are located on a portion of 
this farm. 



518 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

In 1906 A. A. Bowen discontinued farming and went into the mercan- 
tile business in partnership with F. E. Frederick, in which business he is 
actively engaged. Mr. Bowen was instrumental in organizing the Linwood 
State Bank and in 1915 was elected its president. 

Mr. Bowen has been twice married, the first time to Rilla Hamill, now 
deceased. To this union three children were born, as follows: Bertha, 
widow of William Adams, living at Conway, Kansas; Melvin, deceased, 
and John, of Eudora, Kansas. December 31, 1881, A. A. Bowen and Katie 
Frederick were united in marriage. She was born in Kansas City, Mis- 
souri. To this union one child, Lottie, was born. She was married to J. 
E. Blevins and lives at Linwood, Kansas. 

A. A. Bowen is a public spirited citizen and always takes an active 
interest in the local affairs. He is a Democrat and has been township 
trustee for two terms and township treasurer for three terms. Mr. Bowen 
owns twenty-seven acres of land in Linwood, Kansas, and forty-five acres 
across Stranger Creek. He is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons and of the Shrine ; the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Knights of Pythias. Mr. Bowen has been actively associated with the 
county's growth and development for many years and is one of its es- 
teemed citizens. 



William Wendel, a well known retired farmer of Easton Township, 
was born February 2, 1847, in Germany. He left his native land in 1884 
and settled in Leavenworth, Kansas, where he lived and worked as a la- 
borer for one year. He was accompanied to this country by his brother- 
in-law, Chris Ehart. Before William Wendel left Germany he was blind 
for several years but after coming to America he regained his eyesight. 

In 1902 Mr. Wendel bought his present farm of 120 acres in Easton 
Township. He has made extensive improvements on this farm. His wife 
is also a native of Germany. She was born October 9, 1846. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wendel are the parents of eight children: John, of Eas- 
ton Townssip; Elizabeth, the wife of T. Burke, of Leavenworth, Kansas; 
Christena, the wife of S. Goble, of Leavenworth, Kansas ; Martha, the wife 
of Mat Fritchen, of Kickapoo Township; Chris, of Leavenworth, Kansas; 
Mary, the wife of H. Felzki, of Kickapoo Township; Anna, the wife of 
William Kreuitzer, of Easton Township; and Adam, who was born on the 
present farm February 28, 1887, educated in district school number six, 
and who is now farming the home place. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 519 

In politics Mr. Wendel is independent. He is a member of the Luth- 
eran Church and he and his family are substantial citizens of the county. 



Dr. J. W. Warring, a retired and highly honored physician of Lin- 
wood, Kansas, who for the past fifty years has practiced medicine in Lin- 
wood and has endeared himself to many friends, is a native of Scott 
County, Kentucky. He was born near Georgetown, Kentucky, August 4, 
1847, the youngest son of William C. and Martha M. (Bryan) Warring. 

William C. Warring was born in Delaware, where the Warring family 
was established after their emigration from Scotland, their ancestral 
home. William C. Warring was a physician and practiced medicine in 
Scott County, Kentucky, and later established his business in Owen 
County, Kentucky. He was thirty-four years old when he died in 1854. 
By his first marriage he had three children. He was married the second 
time to Mary Caldwell, and three children were born to this union. 

Doctor J. W. Warring received his education in Kentucky and gradu- 
ated from the old Kentucky College of Medicine at Louisville, Kentucky, 
in 1869. In 1870 Doctor Warring came to Linwood, Kansas, where he 
began the practice of medicine. In 1873 he attended the Physicians and 
Surgeons College of Kansas City, Missouri, taking a post graduate course. 
He has since then kept abreast of the times and faithfully and conscien- 
tiously done his work of administering to the sick and dying. Doctor 
Warring is not doing active work, but continues to be medical adviser and 
physician for the employees of the Union Pacific Railroad. 

Dr. J. W. Warring is the only living charter member of the Masonic 
Lodge No. 241, Linwood, Kansas, which he helped to organize many years 
ago. He is a Democrat and has served as township trustee for Sherman 
Township. 

Dr. J. W. Warring was married the first time May 9, 1870, to Lydia 
F. Harness, who was born July 9, 1852, near Louisville, Kentucky. She 
died in 1905. To this union the following children were born: Carrie M., 
now Mrs. William Ford, of Argentine, Kansas; Ray M. was killed in a 
railroad accident while serving as a brakeman for the Denver and Rio 
Grande Railroad; Earl A.; Ola 0.; and Claude W., who lives at Topeka, 
Kansas, and are engaged in the produce business. Doctor Warring and 
Sarah (Forbes) Forman were married in June, 1902. She is a native of 
Pittsburg, Kansas, and by a former marriage to William Forman has two 
sons. Otto, of Portland, Oregon, and Mason, deceased. 



520 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Doctor Warring has always taken a commendable interest in the local 
affairs of the township. He has served on the school board and was a 
member of the first council of Linwood, Kansas. The early days of his 
practice were perilous ones, in a new country and under pioneer conditions. 
On horseback he would make the rounds to see his patients and many a 
time was called out in a dark and stormy night. 

Doctor Warring is a member and trustee of the Congregational 
Church and one of the honored and respected citizens and physicians of 
Leavenworth County. 



John Tudhope is a retired farmer and railroad man and the oldest 
living member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of the State of 
Kansas. He joined the Masons in 1854 in Upper Sandusky, Ohio and took 
the chapter degrees at Marion, Ohio and the Scottish and York Rite de- 
grees at Lawrence, Kansas. He is a K. C. C. H. degree Mason and a 
member of the Abdallah Temple at Leavenworth, Kansas. 

John Tudhope was born April 10, 1833, near Glasgow, Scotland, where 
he received his early education. He was fifteen years old, when his par- 
ents, John and Esther (Alston) Tudhope, left their native land and estab- 
lished their home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. John Tudhope, Sr., was 
employed in railroad contracting work. In 1854, he moved from Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, to Nevada, Ohio. During the Civil War he enlisted 
from Alleghany City, Pennsylvania, in the Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania 
Infantry and served through the war. After the war, his regiment was 
sent to Texas to investigate the Mexican affairs. When he was mustered 
out he held the rank of corporal. He returned to Ohio where he engaged 
in farming which he continued until his death, May 1, 1877. He was 
seventy years old. Esther (Alston) Tudhope was eighty-one years old 
at the time of her death, May 10, 1890. 

John and Esther (Alston) Tudhope were the parents of eight chil- 
dren, as follows : Esther, died in infancy ; John, the subject of this sketch ; 
Marguerite, Mrs. Campbell, now deceased; Jane, Mrs. Frochlich; William, 
address unknown, was a soldier in the Civil War, in the Fourth U. S. 
Cavalry; James was killed in the battle of Gettysburg; Thomas, died in 
infancy ; and Marion, Mrs. G. W. Balliet, of Mansfield, Ohio. 

John Tudhope started his first railroad work in 1852, when he was 
employed by the Pennsylvania Railroad to lay tracks near Alleghany City, 



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HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 521 

Pennsylvania. He helped in the laying of 187 miles of track between 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Crestline, Ohio. He then was employed in 
the same work between Crestline and Fort Wayne, Indiana. In 1854, Mr. 
Tudhope went to Nevada, Ohio, where he was employed in the repair 
work of the tracks of the Pennsylvania Railroad. In 1867, he came to 
Kansas, intending to give up railroad work and engaging in the fruit busi- 
ness. He selected the present site of Linwood, Kansas, as the spot for his 
fruit farm, but the Indians who owned the land would not sell, so he had 
to purchase land near by. He purchased fifty-six acres, one-half mile 
west of the present town of Linwood and which is now his home. Unable 
to realize his dream of a fruit farm, Mr. Tudhope went on to Lawrence, 
Kansas, where he was employed on the Union Pacific Railroad, having 
charge of the repairs of the tracks as road master between Junction City 
and Kansas City. 

In 1893, Mr. Tudhope left his railroad work and engaged in farm- 
ing in Leavenworth County. He owned at one time over 700 acres of 
land. He has sold a part of it, retaining the original tract of fifty-six 
acres purchased in 1867 and now owns 420 acres of land. 

John Tudhope has been twice married, the first time July 24, 1854, to 
Mary Williamson, a native of Pennsylvania, and a descendant of the orig- 
inal Quakers who settled in Pennsylvania with William Penn. She died 
April 16, 1901, age seventy-one years. The following children were born 
to this union: Isaac A., deceased; Viola, married .Frank Duncan, de- 
ceased; Sarah Esther, the wife of Hugh Perry, who lives on her father's 
home place and she has two sons, John, married and has two sons, and 
W. T. Perry, principal of the school at Linwood, Kansas ; Mary, the wife 
of D. C. Harbaugh, Topeka, Kansas ; John, Marysville, Kansas ; and James, 
a farmer and stockman on his father's land in Sherman Township. John 
Tudhope was married the second time in 1902 to Sarah Elizabeth (Meyers) 
Junk. No children have been born to this union. 

Mr. Tudhope celebrated his eighty-eighth birthday April 11, 1921, and 
thirty-seven members of his family were present. They celebrated on 
Monday, April 11, 1921, and at this time a photographer from Lawrence, 
Kansas, came and took many views of the family reunion. A few friends 
and neighbors came to help in the celebration. Mr. Tudhope has ten 
grandchildren and sixteen great-grandchildren and one great-great-grand- 
child. In the home where he resides are represented five generations of 
the family. 



522 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

In front of Mr. Tudhope's home is a row of magnificent evergreen 
trees, which Mr. Tudhope planted many yeai-s ago. He was inspecting the 
railroad ties near the Missouri river and he gathered some little cedar 
trees, placed them in his overcoat pocket, and upon his arrival home he 
planted them in his front yard and they have repaid him for his thought- 
fulness by their beauty and usefulness. 

The first presidential vote that Mr. Tudhope cast was for John C. Fre- 
mont and his first vote was for S. P. Chase for governor of Ohio. Mr. 
Tudhope is a staunch republican. He has served on the Linwood school 
board for twenty-nine years and has always taken an active interest in 
the education of the young. 

Mr. Tudhope has many warm friends and the family stands high in 
the community. 



T. W. Martin, the cashier of the Linwood State Bank, is one of the 
leading business men of Linwood, and a native of Kansas. Mr. Martin 
was born in Sherman Township, Leavenworth County, April 8, 1872, the 
son of Ldward and Anna E. (Harness) Martin. 

Edward Martin was born in Keokuk, Iowa, and received his education 
and was reared near Crab Orchard, Kentucky. He made his home with 
his brother-in-law, Albert Albright, who operated a tavern and was an ex- 
tensive farmer and stock dealer. This tavern was a familiar sight to the 
early horse dealers who were driving their stock to the South, and its 
genial hospitality was enjoyed by many a man in this business. Edward 
Martin remained in Kentucky until 1870, when he came to Stranger, Kan- 
sas. Upon his arrival in Sherman Township in the month of January, he 
made his residence in an old Indian cabin. He started his farming opera- 
tions in the spring by renting land and continued farming rented land for 
many years. He later purchased 320 acres of land which he improved ex- 
tensively and farmed until 1896, when he moved to the Kaw Valley at 
Linwood, Kansas, and engaged in potato raising. He remained on this 
farm of 200 acres in section 21 in Sherman Township until his death, in 
November, 1902. He was sixty-three years of age at the time of his 
death. 

Edward Martin was twice married, the first time to Rebecca Albright, 
a native of the Cumberland Mountains of Kentucky. To this union four 
children were born, as follows: Jane, Mrs. George Dellitt, deceased; Dan- 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 523 

iel, deceased; George, died at the age of forty years at Bonner Springs, 
Kansas; and John, of Linwood, Kansas. The second marriage of Edward 
Martin to Anna Harness, a native of the Cumberland Mountains also, was 
solemnized in Kentucky. To this union five children were born: James, 
deceased; T. W., the subject of this sketch; Augusta, deceased; Richard, 
deceased, and Edward, superintendent of the paint department of tne 
Eastern division for the Union Pacific Railroad. 

Edward Martin and wife were members of the Christian Church. Mr. 
Martin helped to organize two or three school districts in Sherman Town- 
ship. He was also a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. 
They were for many years respected and honored citizens of Sherman 
Township and Leavenworth County, coming here during the days when 
the Indians were still here. Mrs. Anna (Harness) Martin died in March, 
1917, at the age of seventy-six years. 

T. W. Martin was reared and educated in school district No. 66 in 
Sherman Township and attended the State Normal School at Emporia, 
Kansas, for one year and one year at the Kansas City Medical College at 
Kansas City, Missouri. In 1896 Mr. Martin took up the profession of 
teaching school and continued in this for eleven years. At the end of 
that time he became the manager of the Linwood Telephone Company, a 
branch of the Suburban Telephone Company. He was with this company 
for five years. In 1913 he was appointed cashier of the Linwood State 
Bank, which position he now holds. 

T. W. Martin is interested in many other business ventures in Lin- 
wood. He is the secretary and treasurer, also a stockholder of the Lin- 
wood Elevator Company, president of the Sunshine Soap Manufacturing 
Company. He is the owner of 200 acres of well improved land and handles 
all kinds of insurance in connection with his work as cashier of the Lin- 
wood State Bank. 

November 2, 1900, T. W. Martin and Myrtle Hughey were united in 
marriage. She is the daughter of George and Iciphene (Hopkins) 
Hughey, the former a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of Kansas. 
Mrs. Myrtle (Hughey) Martin is a native of Sherman Township. Mr. and 
Mrs. Martin are the parents of the following children: Murray, a student 
at the Kansas State University at Lawrence, Kansas; Opal, deceased; 
and Helen Lois, five years of age, at home with her parents. 

Mr. Martin and his wife are members of the Methodist Church and 
he is treasurer of the church. Mr. Martin is also a member of the Ancient 



524 HISTORY OF LEAVEN WORTH COUNTY 

Free and Accepted Masons and the Shrine, the Knights of Pythias and 
the Modern Woodmen of America. He is a Democrat and a progressive 
business man. 



The Linwood State Bank, of Linwood, Kansas, was organized January 
29, 1903, with a capital of $5,000. M. R. Howard, the first cashier of the 
bank, was instrumental in establishing the bank. The president of the 
bank was C. C. Burnett. In 1906 the banking business was purchased by 
A. J. Poor, with R. L. Biggert as cashier. They in turn sold the bank of 
Willis K. Folks in 1909. In 1912 Walter E. Head, of St. Joseph, Missouri, 
purchased the bank and he was assisted by J. E. Blevins as cashier. A 
year later, in 1913, T. W. Martin, the present cashier of the Linwood State 
Bank, purchased the controlling interest and has since continued as its 
able and successful cashier. 

The original site of the bank was a little east of the present location 
and during the flood of 1903 the safe was submerged in sixteen feet of 
mud and water ; six feet of this was mud. After a great deal of difficulty 
the safe was fished out of its muddy place and deposited in an old smoke 
house, fourteen feet square. Later it was moved into an unoccupied room 
of the Linwood Lumber Company's building and in 1907 was moved to its 
present location. 

The bank has been robbed twice in its history. The first time during 
the time that R. L. Biggert was cashier. The safe was blown and $1,800 
was taken. The second robbery occurred July 21, 1916, while T. W. Martin 
was cashier. He with his son, Murray Martin, were alone in the bank, 
shortly after lunch. It was about one thirty in the afternoon. Three 
men came in and locked Mr. Martin and his son in the vault while they 
ransacked every place for money. They found $1,300 and made their 
escape. Two of these men were apprehended at Kansas City, Missouri, 
where they were convicted and sent to the State Penitentiary. One of 
these men escaped from the prison in March, 1921. 

The Linwood State Bank's statement is as follows: Capital, $10,000; 
surplus, $10,000; deposits, $200,000. 

The present officers are: President, A. A. Bowen; cashier, T. W. Mar- 
tin; assistant cashier, Miss Dorothy Stratford, and vice-president, H. B. 
Bi*owning, a farmer living on the west edge of Linwood. There are five 
directors, as follows: A. A. Bowen, John Browning, Robert Gregg Smelzer 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 525 

and T. W. Martin. The bank stock is largely owned by members of Sher- 
man Township. 



John W. Hennessey, a well known hardware and furniture merchant 
and farmer of Easton, Kansas, was born July 3, 1862, in Kickapoo Town- 
ship, the son of Michael and Mary Hennessey, a history of whom appears 
in the sketch of Thomas J. Hennessey of this book. John Hennessey is 
the oldest of seven children. He was reared on a farm and attended school 
in district seventy-two in Easton Township. He remained on the farm 
until 1909, when he engaged in the hardware and furniture business at 
Easton. He carries a large stock of hardware and furniture and is ready 
to meet the demands of many customers. Mr. Hennessey owns ninety 
acres of land in this township. 

In politics Mr. Hennessey is a Democrat, and has been township treas- 
urer and township trustee, filling both positions with credit. He is a mem- 
ber of the Catholic Church and the Knights of Columbus Lodge. 

February 8, 1893, Mr. Hennessey was married to Anna Wunderlich, 
a native of High Prairie Township. She died in January, 1907. To this 
union were born five children : Mary, Helen and Carrie, at home ; Thomas, 
who died at the age of fifteen years, in June, 1916 ; and Bertha, who lives 
at home. 

Mr. Hennessey and family are highly respected citizens of Easton and 
have many friends in this township. 



F. E. Fredrick, a substantial citizen and merchant of Linwood, Kan- 
sas, is a native of Kansas. He was born in Wyandotte, Kansas, November 
27, 1871, the fourth child born to J. B. and Marguerite (Lynch) Fredrick. 

J. B. Fredrick was born in Germany and left his native land when 
seven years old. He settled in Henry County, Missouri, where he made 
his home until early manhood. He then went to Jackson County, Mis- 
souri, and purchased land, which is now the main part of Kansas City, 
Missouri. The old union depot was later built upon the land which he 
purchased at this time. In March, 1871, J. B. Fredrick came to Leaven- 
worth County, Kansas, and purchased 120 acres of land in Sherman Town- 
ship. This was his home until his death in 1899. He was sixty-four years 
old at the time of his death. His wife, Marguerite (Lynch) Fredrick, was 



526 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

born in Johnson County, Kansas, and died in 1894 at the age of fifty-eight 
years. 

F. E. Fredrick was reared on the farm of his parents until 1897, when 
he with his brother, William H. Fredrick, opened a general merchandise 
store at Linwood, Kansas. This partnership was dissolved in 1903, when 
F. E. Fredrick with his sister, Mary, Mrs. Frank Ward and a brother, 
Thomas Fredrick, formed a business partnership and conducted the busi- 
ness. In 1906 F. E. Fredrick purchased an interest in the mercantile 
business of his brother-in-law, A. A. Bowen. 

June 1, 1904, F. E. Fredrick and Azelia Gross were united in marriage. 
She is a native of Kansas. To this union four children have been born, as 
follows: Donald, Oral, Mary Katherine and Alfred, all at home. 

F. E. Fredrick is a Democrat and a public spirited citizen. In April, 
1917, he was elected mayor of Linwood and was re-elected in April, 1921. 
He has improved the little city by new side walks and has used twenty 
car loads of cinders upon the streets. He was reared in the Catholic faith 
and he is a member of the Ancient Free and Accepted Masons and the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 



John Smelser, manager of the grain elevator at Linwood, Kansas, and 
a director of the Linwood State Bank, is a native of Rush County, Indiana. 
He was born March 1, 1850, the eldest child of three children born to John 
and Sarah (Norvell) Smelser. The other two children are deceased. 

John Smelser was married three times, the first time to Mary Boone, 
a native of Kentucky and a descendant of Daniel Boone. To this union 
ten children were born. The second marriage was to Maiy Gilson. No 
children were born to this union. His third marriage was to Sarah Nor- 
vell, a native of Franklin County, Indiana. John Smelser was born in 
Lexington, Kentucky, in 1797 and in 1825 emigrated to Indiana, where he 
was engaged in tilling the soil. He was among the very earliest pioneers 
of that state and endured the privations and struggles of the early pio- 
neers against the forces of nature and the red men, not counting the lone- 
liness and the vast distances between human beings. He died in 1862. 

John Smelser was reared on his father's farm in Indiana and in 1868 
came to Jackson County, Missouri, where he farmed until 1870, when he 
came to Leavenworth County and settled on a farm of 160 acres in Reno 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 527 

Township. Mr. Smelser improved his property extensively and farmed 
until 1915, when he came to Linwood and opened up his grain elevator 
business. He is also a shareholder and director of the Linwood State 
Bank. 

In March, 1874, John Smelser and Lydia Miller were united in mar- 
riage. She was born in Indiana, a short distance north of Indianapolis. 
To this union the following children have been born : Troy, Colorado ; Ora, 
St. Louis, Missouri; Bessie, Mrs. J. N. Snyder, Linwood, Kansas; Mirle, 
Colorado; Charles, Linwood, Kansas, and Agnes, the bookkeeper in the 
lumber yard of Linwood, at home. 

Mr. Smelser is a member of the Methodist Church and the Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons. He is a Democrat and one of the substantial 
citizens of Linwood. 



Orra S. Johnston, a well known breeder of horses, mules and Spotted 
Poland-China hogs, is the owner of 220 acres of land in Sherman Township. 

Mr. Johnston and his mother own what is known as "Fairview Farm" 
and this is where he keeps a registered Percheron stallion and the famous 
"Missouri Chief" jack and the numerous pure bred Poland-China hogs 
for which the farm is so well known. Mr. Johnston ships hogs all over 
the United States and has private sales. He also has Shorthorn cattle. 

Orra S. Johnston was bom in Crawford County, Ohio, and is one of 
two children born to Orra and Kizzie M. (Hill) Johnston. The other son, 
John, is deceased. Orra Johnston senior was born in Crawford County, 
Ohio, where he was a farmer and stock buyer. On account of ill health he 
spent much of his time in Texas buying cattle. These he would drive 
over the trail to Ellis, Kansas, and ship them over the Union Pacific Rail- 
road to the Kansas City markets. He died at his home in Crawford 
County, Ohio, in 1876. His wife, Kizzie M. (Hill) Johnston, was born in 
Marion County, Ohio, and makes her home with her son. 

Orra S. Johnston attended school at Bucyrus, Ohio, and remained on 
the farm with his parents. In 1895 he came to Leavenworth County and 
purchased land in Sherman Township near Linwood. He farmed this for 
four and one-half years. Disposing of it he went to Litchfield, Minnesota, 
where he was engaged in the shoe business until 1901, when he returned 
to Kansas. He purchased his present farm and made extensive improve- 
ments on the place. He began breeding in 1902. 



528 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Mr. Johnston is a member of the Christian Church and is a Democrat. 
He is a member of the Knights of Pythias and one of the progressive 
farmers of Leavenworth County. 



Clyde F. Siscoe, a progressive and wideawake business man and 
farmer, who is the most extensive potato grower in the famous potato 
growing Kaw Valley, is also a breeder of Percheron horses, and mules. 
Mr. Siscoe owns 341 acres of well-improved land, with a modern residence, 
electrically lighted with a private Delco lighting system. The residence 
is equipped with hot and cold running water and modern bath conveniences. 
Mr. Siscoe has 145 acres in potatoes each year and employs six men the 
year around. During the potato season he has thirty to forty men to help 
harvest his crops. He has a private railroad siding at the east end of the 
farm and in 1907 he shipped seventy-eight carloads of early Ohio potatoes 
to the Kansas City, Missouri, markets. 

Clyde F. Siscoe was born September 27, 1877, in Sherman Township; 
Leavenworth County, the son of Ernest and Ellen (Snyder) Siscoe, both 
natives of Defiance County, Ohio. The former was born January 25, 1849, 
and the latter April 9, 1849. Ernest Siscoe was the son of Elezer and 
Hannah Siscoe, natives of Pennsylvania, who came to Linwood, Kansas, in 
1875, where they spent the remainder of their lives. Ernest Siscoe came 
to Leavenworth County in 1877 and was a practical farmer. He owned 
700 acres of land at the time of his death, September 27, 1904. His wife 
survived him until February 7, 1917. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Siscoe were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: Jennie, now Mrs. W. E. Brock, of Sherman Township; Fred L., of 
Sherman Township; Eugene O., in Colorado; Maude, wife of William 
Perry of Chandler, Oklahoma; Clyde F., the subject of this review; and 
Clinton A., of Sherman Township. 

Clyde F. Siscoe was reared and educated in Sherman Township and 
attended the high school of Linwood, from which he was graduated. In 
1898 he commenced his farming operations, and after his father's death 
became the heir to 198 acres of land. Tn 1906, he purchased 110 acres of 
land and in turn traded it to his brother, Clinton Siscoe for the east side of 
Mr. Siscoe's present farm. Mr. Siscoe built his modern home in 1910. 

Clyde F. Siscoe and Mrs. Maggie (Dewitt) Snyder were married Feb- 
ruary 25, 1909, and to this union one child, Ernest F., has been born. Mrs. 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 529 

Siscoe is a daughter of A. J. and Mary (Henson) Dewitt, natives of Ohio, 
who settled in Iron County, Missouri, in 1858, where Maggie Dewitt Sny- 
der was born. By a former marriage to Richard Snyder, Mrs. Siscoe has 
one child, Eva Marie, at home. 

Mr. Siscoe is a republican and a member of the Congregational Church. 
He is one of the substantial and successful citizens and farmers of Leav- 
enworth County. 



Theo Meinke, a farmer and soap powder manufacturer of Linwood, 
Kansas, who is closely and intimately associated with the social and busi- 
ness life of Linwood, is a progressive and substantial business man. He 
was born in Lexington, Missouri, April 7, 1864, one of nine children born 
to his parents, Henry and Mary (Holtcamp) Meinke, six of whom are 
living, as follows: John, Lawrence, Kansas; William, Linwood, Kansas; 
Henry, Kansas City, Missouri; Theo, of this review; Emma, Mrs. George 
Bauer, Kansas City, Missouri; and Matilda, Mrs. J. P. Bryan, of Kansas 
City, Kansas. 

Henry Meinke and his wife were natives of Germany and left their 
native land because of the oppression of the military system in Germany 
and the opportunity for greater freedom in the United States. They 
were married in Missouri, where Mr. Meinke was a laborer and farmer, 
before the Civil War. In 1865 they came to Douglas County, Kansas, and 
later moved to Johnson County, where they followed farming. They both 
died of pneumonia, only four days apart, in 1883. 

When Theo Meinke was seventeen years old he began as a farm 
hand and later rented land in Reno Township, Leavenworth County. In 
1903 he purchased eighty acres of land in Sherman Township and in 1907 
traded this for thirty acres of land one-half mile west of Linwood. He 
had moved to Linwood in 1906 and in 1915 purchased his present home. 

The marriage of Theo Meinke and Alice May Anderson was solemn- 
ized December 10, 1891. She is a daughter of L. G. and Mary Ann (Little- 
john) Anderson. L. G. Anderson was a farmer, born in Kentucky and is 
now deceased. His wife, Mary Ann (Littlejohn) Anderson, was born in 
Illinois and makes her home in Sherman Township, Leavenworth County. 
Mr. and Mrs. Theo Meinke are the parents of the following children: 
Archie, manager of the Linwood telephone exchange; Carl A., a farmer of 
Linwood ; Leslie B., at home, and Ollie, Mrs. Roy A. Serviss, a mail earner 
of Linwood. 

(30) 



530 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Theo Meinke is an independent voter, but leans toward the Demo- 
cratic party. He always takes an active and commendable interest in all 
local, county, state and national affairs. He served as clerk of the school 
board for fifteen years and was a member of the council for thirteen years. 
He is a member of the Congregational Church and the Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons and the Knights of Pythias. The Knights of Pythias 
are discussing the election of a home for the Pythian fraternity and Mr. 
Meinke is endeavoring to have the home located at Linwood, Kansas. 



Linwood Soap Powder Manufacturing Company, of Linwood, Kansas, 
is the headquarters of the soap company which makes a soap powder in 
four different states. This powder was patented by J. D. Diffee and in 
1918 he sold his patent right to twelve men of Linwood, Kansas, and they 
opened up and financed a soap powder manufacturing plant. 

The following are the officers: President, T. W. Martin; vice-presi- 
dent, A. A. Bowen; secretary and treasurer, Theo Meinke. The board of 
directors are: T. W. Martin, J. E. Blevins, Charles Spencer, A. B. Fred- 
rick and A. A. Bowen. 

The company is capitalized at $12,000 and from its beginning in 1918 
has continued to grow and increase its volume of business. 



H. C. Short, chairman of the Board of County Commissioners and 
also in the abstract business for many years, is one of Leavenworth 
County's most substantial citizens. Mr. Short was born in Atchison, Kan- 
sas, September 17, 1859, the son of Oliver F. and Frances (Catlin) Short. 
Oliver F. Shoi*t was a native of Virginia, and Frances (Catlin) of Illinois. 
They were married in 1857 in Springfield, Illinois, and came to Atchison, 
Kansas, where Mr. Short was employed as a government surveyor. 

In the days before the Civil War the work of a surveyor was full of 
many hardships and dangers. Not alone the wildness of an unsurveyed 
land but the lurking Indian, who was jealous of his rights, had the early 
pioneers to contend with. Oliver Short knew all of these things and ex- 
perienced the many hardships of his work. He surveyed all over the 
northern and western Kansas and also went into Indian Territory. In 
1874 Oliver Short and his two sons, H. C. and Truman, in the company 
of nineteen other men were surveying land. For the convenience of their 



HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 531 

work they were camped in three camps, six men in each camp. The 
Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians had been harassing them for some time 
and one day while H. C. was left in camp away from the rest of the com- 
pany the Indians came and destroyed every man in the three camps. Mr. 
Short and his son Truman were killed on Monday and their bodies were 
not found until the following Wednesday. Some of the men endeavored 
to get to the main camp where H. C. Short and three other men were 
stationed, but were waylaid by the Indians who killed every member of 
the party and also their oxen. This massacre occurred in Meade County 
near Meade Center. The bodies of Oliver Short and his son Truman were 
buried in Mt. Muncie Cemetery. His wife, Frances (Catlin) Short, sur- 
vived him many years, passing away in 1912 in Leavenworth, Kansas. 
The following children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Oliver Short: H. C, 
the subject of this sketch; Truman, met death in the Indian massacre; 
Frank, a farmer near Boise City, Idaho ; Leonard, in the laundry business 
in Chicago, Illinois ; and Metella, residing at Boise City, Idaho. 

H. C. Short received his education in the public schools of Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, and later attended the University at Lawrence, Kansas, 
for two years. While his father was surveying the lands of Kansas, his 
son, H. C, accompanied him on many of his trips. Between 1880 and 
1882 Mr. Short crossed the Oregon Trail twice. He spent six years in 
the West and upon his return to Lawrence, Kansas, he purchased the 
abstract business from S. F. Atwood, Wood, Spaulding and Bowen, con- 
solidating them into one big business. He has continued this line of work 
for thirty-five years and has built a reliable and trustworthy business. 
Mr. Short served nine months as city commissioner of Leavenworth and 
was elected a member of the Board of County Commissioners in 1904 
and re-elected in 1908. At the expiration of this latter term the present 
courthouse, costing $100,000, was built. The finishing, wiring and heating 
plant cost an additional $60,000. This great sum, $160,000, was paid by 
the county without issuing any bonds. In 1916 Mr. Short was re-elected 
as county commissioner of the second district and in 1920 he was made 
chairman of the board. 

H. C. Short and Emma W. Neubauer were united in marriage June 7, 
1888. She is a daughter of Fred Neubauer, of Leavenworth, Kansas. Mr. 
and Mrs. Short have the following children : H. ft, Jr., of Tulsa, Oklahoma, 
in the oil business; Helen M., wife of T. A. E. Belt, Schenectady, New 
York; Albert L., now a student at the State University. Mr. and Mrs. 
Short reside at 1206 Ohio Street. 



532 HISTORY OF LEAVENWORTH COUNTY 

Mr. Short has always taken an active interest in local affairs and 
has contributed much of his time and talents in the upbuilding of the city 
of Leavenworth and the cou